US2570169A - Sash construction - Google Patents

Sash construction Download PDF

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Publication number
US2570169A
US2570169A US61663945A US2570169A US 2570169 A US2570169 A US 2570169A US 61663945 A US61663945 A US 61663945A US 2570169 A US2570169 A US 2570169A
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US
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Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
flanges
extending
rim
sash
outwardly
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Christian M Verhagen
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ADLAKE CO
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ADLAKE CO
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60JWINDOWS, WINDSCREENS, NON-FIXED ROOFS, DOORS, OR SIMILAR DEVICES FOR VEHICLES; REMOVABLE EXTERNAL PROTECTIVE COVERINGS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLES
    • B60J1/00Windows; Windscreens; Accessories therefor
    • B60J1/001Double glazing for vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60JWINDOWS, WINDSCREENS, NON-FIXED ROOFS, DOORS, OR SIMILAR DEVICES FOR VEHICLES; REMOVABLE EXTERNAL PROTECTIVE COVERINGS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLES
    • B60J10/00Sealing arrangements
    • B60J10/70Sealing arrangements specially adapted for windows or windscreens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61DBODY DETAILS OR KINDS OF RAILWAY VEHICLES
    • B61D25/00Window arrangements peculiar to rail vehicles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B3/00Window sashes, door leaves, or like elements for closing wall or like openings; Layout of fixed or moving closures, e.g. windows in wall or like openings; Features of rigidly-mounted outer frames relating to the mounting of wing frames
    • E06B3/04Wing frames not characterised by the manner of movement
    • E06B3/263Frames with special provision for insulation
    • E06B3/26338Frames with special provision for insulation comprising short insulating elements disposed at intervals
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S49/00Movable or removable closures
    • Y10S49/01Thermal breaks for frames

Description

Oct. 2, 1951 Filed Sept. 15, 1945 c. M. VERHAGEN 2,570,169

SASH CONSTRUCTION 3 Sheets-Sheet l IN V EN TOR.

Ker/@675,

1951 c. M. VERHAGEN 2,570,169

SASH CONSTRUCTION Filed Sept. 15, 1945 3 SheetsSheet 2 Patented Oct. 2, 1951 s -sn- CONSTRUCTION Christian M..Verhagen, Elkhart; Ind;, a'ssignor to- The Adlake Company, Chicagmillh, a corporal-r tion of Illinois Application September 15, 1945, Serial No. 16fi Claims.

This invention has to do withdouble: glass.

the area of such space but in thosedouble glassconstructions which have heretofore been proposed, the conductive character of the surrounding rails, even when the rails have been made in laterally separated sections, has inlarge measure offset the advantages derived by such insulation; dueprimarilyto the lack of insulation-- at the points of connection-between the sections.

The objectof the-presentinvention is toprovide an improved double-glass sash-inwhich the rails of the sash consist of two laterally separated frame members which are connected together in laterally spaced relation by the employment of novellyconstructed and arranged fastening means;

While the invention isespecially applicable to double glass sash, certain features of the same can alsobe utilized advantageously with sash-- having a single pane or any number of panes;

and with doors, panels, and the like, as well as sash.

Several different embodiments of the invention are presented herein by way of exemplification, but it will of course be understoodthat-the invention is susceptible of incorporation-in var.-

ious other structurally modified for-ms coming.

equally within the scope of the appended claims.

a In the accompanying drawings:

Fig. 1 is a face view of a double glass. sash constructed in accordance with the invention; Fig. 2 is a perspective sectional view through one of therails of the sash, taken on the line- 2-2 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a transverse. section, taken on the line 3--3 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 4 is a perspective view of one of the. nonmetallic clamping blocks used in securing together the laterally separated sections of the rails;

Fig. 5 is a face view of a somewhat similar" double glass sash constructed in accordance with the invention, showing the employmentof modified clamping blocks; which blocks also bridgethe joints in the rails;

Fig. 6 is a perspective sectional-view through one of the rails at 'thelocation of one of the 2 joints, showing the ole plication to the joint;

Big. is a transverse sectionat the location ofthe block taken onthe line 'l---"l of- Eig. 5;

Fig. 8* is another transverse section at the logation of the-block; taken onthe'line 8=ll of Fig.

Fig. 9- isaninner face view" of the bridging block;

Fig. 10-is a sid'e viewof the sameblock;

Fig. 11 is a perspective sectional view through one of the rails or a sash, showing a slightly modified form ofthe invention;

Fig: 1 2 is a transversesection throughthe rail shown in Fig. 11 and Fig. 1% isa perspective vi'ew of the clamping blocl; shown in Figs.- 11 and 1 2,

The embodiment of the invention which is shown in Figs. 1 to 43 inclusive, willfirstbe describedi Aswi-ll be observed in these views the frameof the sash consist's oi two generally rectangular sections or rim= members: t0 and M: which are spaced apart and extend continuouslyabout the edge of the sash. This frame con tainstwo panelsor panes I2 and 13- of glass and aglazing strip M 01" rubberhaving grooves I5 and I6 in which the edges of the panes. are tightly clamped. Theglazingstrip I4 is in turn tightly clamped between -two inwardly extending flanges FF and I 8-on the rim members In and H-.

The rim members=- l0 and I are provided. in addition to-thenanges -l l and 18', with outwardly extending flanges 1'9 and 20; laterally extending webs 21- and 2 2 and short outwardly extending flanges 23 and 25.: .atwthe confronting edges of the: webs. 21. and 2'2? The flanges 23 and 1 4 are spaced apart in generally parallel relation toteach other .adl'aoent the medium plane of the sash. The flanges: 19 andwm and the Webs 2,4; and 22 together form anoutwardly opening channel? for the recepti n he her ina e described. connectin m ans.

The connecting-means. n isis-9 a u al ty of E-shapedclamping blocks 2 5: which are pro? vided with. base portions inwardly extend: ing side projections 21 and 28,, an inwardly projecting: center projection 29; and inwardly extending grooves. so and: 3.4 between the side and center projections. lhese blocks are pref;- erably' formed from some" stron tough non conductive material, such as a: phenolic com.- pound, and are made-Sui liciently hard and rigid to withstand the clamping stresses to which subjected;

p tg block before ap 'The blocks 25 are located at intervals about the edge of the sash, within the contour of the frame, with the side projections 27 and 28 of the blocks arranged in clamped abutment with the oppositely facing seats 32 and 33 presented by the short outwardly extending flanges 23 and 24, and with the center projection 29 disposed between the flanges 23 and 24. The blocks are applied tothe sash after the panes I2 and I3 have been inserted in the grooves I5 and iii of the glazing strip l4 and after the glazing strip has been placed between the rim members l and H. The rim members l0 and II are forced together under pressure by any suitable means, until the glazing strip [4 has been compressed to the desired degree, whereupon the blocks 25 are inserted in their clamping-positions. The blocks will thereupon hold the rim members securely in position, in tightly clamped but properly spaced relation to each other. The ends of the side projections 21 and 2B are preferably beveled at 34 to facilitate their insertions. The blocks will be frictionally retained in place by the expansive action of the glazing strip 54. but if desired may be positively secured in position by means of small non-metallic and preferably resilient cleats 35 which are pivoted at 36 to the backs of the blocks andare movable into positions in which their ends engage within shallow grooves 37 in the edges of the flanges 23 and 24.

In the modified embodiment shown in Figs. to inclusive the spaced rim. members 38 and 39 of the frame are clamped together at intervals about the edge of the sash by blocks 46 which are similar to the'previously described blOCKS 25, but in this embodiment each of the rim members, instead of being of continuous onepiece construction, is jointed at 4! and 42, with the joints of one of the rim members staggered with respect to the oints in the other rim member. At the locations of these joints special clamping blocks 43 of greater length than the blocks 40 are employed The blocks 43 bridge the joints in each rim member, and the relatively short flange 44 of the rim member is cut away at each side of the joint at 45 and 46. The groove 41 in the block which receives the flange 44 terminates short of the ends of the block at 48 and 49, and the resulting solid portions 50 and 5| at the ends of the block extend into the cutout portions 45 and 45 of the flange 44 to lock endwise with the latterrand prevent the joint in the rim member from opening up.

In the modified embodiment shown in Figs. ll to 13 inclusive the clamping blocks 52 are U-shaped in form. In this embodiment the spacing portions of the blocks between the short flanges 53 and 54 of the rim members have been omitted. As in the other embodiments, the rim members are definitely spaced from each. other by engagement of the sides'of the blocks with the rim members at 55. The blocks 52 may be provided, if desired, with small indexing beads 56 which snap into shallow grooves 5'! in the confronting sides of the rim members.

I claim:

1. In a double glass sash, two spaced panes of glass, a rubber glazing strip in which the edges of the panes are clamped, a frame surrounding the panes and comprising two laterally spaced rim members, said rim members being provided with inwardly extending flanges between which the glazing strip is clamped, said rim members being also provided with outwardly extending flanges in substantially the planes of said in= wardly extending flanges, laterally extending webs at the bases of said inwardly and outwardly extending flanges, and other relatively short outwardly extending flanges on the webs adjacent the median plane of the sash, said last mentioned flanges having oppositely facing surfaces, and a plurality of U-shaped' connectingpmembers positioned within the contour of the frame in clamped association With the oppositely facing surfaces of the relatively short outwardly extending flanges.

2. In a double glass sash, two spaced panes of glass, a rubber glazing strip in which the edges of the panes are clamped, a frame surrounding the panes and comprising two laterally spaced rim members, said rim members being provided with inwardly extending flanges between which a the glazing strip is clamped, said rim members being also provided with outwardly extending flanges in substantially the planes of said inwardly extending flanges, laterally extending webs at the bases of said inwardly and outwardly extending flanges, and other relatively short outwardly extending flanges on the webs adjacent the median plane of the sash, said last mentioned flanges having oppositely facing surfaces and a plurality of U-shaped connecting members positioned within the contour of the frame having clamping portions in clamped association with th oppositely facing surfaces of the relatively short outwardly extending flanges, said connecting members being provided mediate their clamping portions with spacing projections which extend between the said relatively short outwardly extending flanges.

3. In a sash, one or more glass panes, rubber glazing means for the same, a metal frame in which the glazing means is mounted, said frame consisting of two laterally separable complementary rim sections, each of which is characterized by a facing flange which extends inwardly against one side of said glazing means, a web which extends laterally from the base of said facing flange toward the median plane of the sash, a facing flange which extends outwardly from said web, and a locking flange which also extends outwardly from said web in laterally spaced relation to said outwardly extending facing flange, and one or more removable members positioned between said outwardly extending facing flanges in clamped engagement with said locking flanges for holding said rim sections with the inwardly extending facing flanges thereof in clamped engagement with the sides of said glazing means. V

4. In a sash, one or more glass panes, rubber glazing means for the same, a metal frame in which the glazing means is mounted, said frame consisting of two laterally separable complementary rim sections, each of which is characterized by a facing flange which extends inwardly against one side of said glazing means, a web which extends laterally from the base of said facing flange toward the median plane of the sash, a facing flange which extends outwardly from said web, and a locking flange which also extends outwardly from said web in laterally spaced relation to said outwardly extending facing flange, and one or more removable members positioned between said outwardly extending facing flanges in clamped engagement with said locking flanges for holding said rim sections with theinwardly extending facing flanges thereof in clamped engagement with the sides of said glazinter' mentary rim sections, each of which is character-' ized by a facing flange which extends inwardly 1 against one side of said glazing means, a web which extends laterally from the base of said facing flange toward the median plane of the sash, a facing flange which extends outwardly from said web, and a locking flange which also extends outwardly from said web in laterally spaced relation to said outwardly extending facing flange, and one or more removable members positioned between said outwardly extending facing flanges in clamped engagement with said locking flanges for holding said rim sections with th inwardly extending facing flanges thereof in clamped engagement with the sides of said glazing means, said holding means also engaging said outwardly extending facing flanges to space the same and extending between said locking flanges to space the latter.

CHRISTIAN M. VERHAGEN.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 2,123,093 Bowman July 5', 1938 2,345,643 Verhagen Apr. 4, 1944 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 527,822 Great Britain Oct. 16, 1940

US2570169A 1945-09-15 1945-09-15 Sash construction Expired - Lifetime US2570169A (en)

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1001128B (en) * 1953-11-21 1957-01-17 Happich Gmbh Gebr Two-piece window frames for large vehicles
US3112535A (en) * 1960-01-11 1963-12-03 Parke Davis & Co Explosion venting construction for buildings
US3212179A (en) * 1963-03-18 1965-10-19 Koblensky Joseph Paul Process for manufacturing a glazing unit
US3434251A (en) * 1967-01-12 1969-03-25 Brunswick Corp Dual pane skylight
US3938291A (en) * 1974-09-03 1976-02-17 Criswell Homer C Glazing panel support system
US3981067A (en) * 1975-02-18 1976-09-21 Hehr International Inc. Method of splicing and products thereof
FR2405907A1 (en) * 1977-10-15 1979-05-11 Erbsloeh Julius & August Spacer for insulating glass has multiple windows, process and apparatus for its manufacture
FR2434919A1 (en) * 1978-08-30 1980-03-28 Bfg Glassgroup Spacer frame for double glazed unit - is of twin U=shaped pieces in rectangular hollow section joints being made by glued double tenon inserts
US4261145A (en) * 1977-10-04 1981-04-14 Broecking Hans Spacer for double-pane and multiple-pane windows and method and apparatus for making same
US5259165A (en) * 1992-08-10 1993-11-09 Tomoe Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Supporting metal fittings for double beams
EP0709052A1 (en) * 1994-10-27 1996-05-01 Hüppe Form Sonnenschutz- und Raumtrennsysteme GmbH Profile
US6510661B2 (en) 1999-05-27 2003-01-28 Store Front Supplies, Inc. Back-up shear plate and shim for metal frame windows
US6532705B1 (en) * 1999-05-27 2003-03-18 Store Front Supplies, Inc. Back-up shear plate for metal frame windows

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2123093A (en) * 1936-11-09 1938-07-05 Paul F Bowman Insulating window
GB527822A (en) * 1939-04-21 1940-10-16 Stone J & Co Ltd Improvements relating to double windows
US2345643A (en) * 1941-08-01 1944-04-04 Adlake Co Breather for multiple glass sash

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2123093A (en) * 1936-11-09 1938-07-05 Paul F Bowman Insulating window
GB527822A (en) * 1939-04-21 1940-10-16 Stone J & Co Ltd Improvements relating to double windows
US2345643A (en) * 1941-08-01 1944-04-04 Adlake Co Breather for multiple glass sash

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE1001128B (en) * 1953-11-21 1957-01-17 Happich Gmbh Gebr Two-piece window frames for large vehicles
US3112535A (en) * 1960-01-11 1963-12-03 Parke Davis & Co Explosion venting construction for buildings
US3212179A (en) * 1963-03-18 1965-10-19 Koblensky Joseph Paul Process for manufacturing a glazing unit
US3434251A (en) * 1967-01-12 1969-03-25 Brunswick Corp Dual pane skylight
US3938291A (en) * 1974-09-03 1976-02-17 Criswell Homer C Glazing panel support system
US3981067A (en) * 1975-02-18 1976-09-21 Hehr International Inc. Method of splicing and products thereof
US4261145A (en) * 1977-10-04 1981-04-14 Broecking Hans Spacer for double-pane and multiple-pane windows and method and apparatus for making same
FR2405907A1 (en) * 1977-10-15 1979-05-11 Erbsloeh Julius & August Spacer for insulating glass has multiple windows, process and apparatus for its manufacture
FR2434919A1 (en) * 1978-08-30 1980-03-28 Bfg Glassgroup Spacer frame for double glazed unit - is of twin U=shaped pieces in rectangular hollow section joints being made by glued double tenon inserts
US5259165A (en) * 1992-08-10 1993-11-09 Tomoe Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Supporting metal fittings for double beams
EP0709052A1 (en) * 1994-10-27 1996-05-01 Hüppe Form Sonnenschutz- und Raumtrennsysteme GmbH Profile
US6510661B2 (en) 1999-05-27 2003-01-28 Store Front Supplies, Inc. Back-up shear plate and shim for metal frame windows
US6532705B1 (en) * 1999-05-27 2003-03-18 Store Front Supplies, Inc. Back-up shear plate for metal frame windows

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