US2566426A - Relay selecting and indicating circuit - Google Patents

Relay selecting and indicating circuit Download PDF

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US2566426A
US2566426A US6612548A US2566426A US 2566426 A US2566426 A US 2566426A US 6612548 A US6612548 A US 6612548A US 2566426 A US2566426 A US 2566426A
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relay
relays
source
potential
winding
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Charles O Parks
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Nokia Bell Labs
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Nokia Bell Labs
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04QSELECTING
    • H04Q1/00Details of selecting apparatus or arrangements for establishing connections among stations for the purpose of transferring information via these connections
    • H04Q1/18Electrical details

Description

Sept. 4, 1951 Q Q PARKS 2,566,426

RELAY SELECTING AND INDICATING CIRCUIT Filed Deo. 18. 1948 Rl L/ WL u( (62 voLrs) 2 l Pl R2 Q T L.. l

L /RCE Rca n( @L4 :ILL Y C [RC5 P {K} i622 murs) (s2 vars) P2 Hill- (42 vous) 'IHIIF- lll-ll /A/i/EA/rof? C. 0. PARKS Patented Sept. 4, 1951 RELAY SELECTING AND INDICATI'N'G CIRCUIT Charles O. Parks, East Norwalk, on'n., assigner to Bell Telephone Laboratories, Incorporated, New York, N. Y., a corporation of New York Application December 18, 1948, Serial No. 66,125

4 Claims.

p This invention relates to electrical selecting circuits.

The selection and actuation of one of a number of electrical elements in accordance with an electrical signal characteristic of the element to be selected is an operation required in many electrical systems. A wide variety of circuits have been designed and are in common use for this purpose. The commonest form of such circuits is, perhaps, that which employs electromechanical switches. Relay circuits present advantages over those employing electromechanical switches in greater simplicity and reliability, minimum Wear, and reduced maintenance. These advantages are offset to some extent, however, in many circuits of this kind by the necessity of using a large number of relays, a complicated circuit arrangement, and several different types of relay construction.

The present invention discloses a novel and an unusually simple and inexpensive form of circuit for selecting purposes, which may also be used as an indicating circuit.

A feature of the invention is that only one relay is required for each element to be selected. Another feature of the invention is that all of the relays employed may be exactly alike both in their construction and in their electrical characteristics. Rectiers are employed in connection with the relays and these may also be identical.

Still another feature of the invention is that the signals are merely different electrical poten tials and may all be of the same polarity.

Still another feature of the invention is that the signals are applied to a single conductor.

The features of the invention, its construction, and its mode of operation will be apparent from the accompanying description, the appended claims, and the drawing, which shows an embodiment of the invention arranged to perform selections and to give signal indications.

.Y In the drawing, the electrical elements to be selected and actuated are represented by the lamps LI illustration only, as it will be apparent that the invention may be applied to the selection and actuation of any other suitable elements. One of the relays RI R5 is provided for each of the lamps LI L5. Each of said relays has a pair of control contacts (at the right) for actuating the associated lamp or other selected element, and a pair of selection contacts (at the left) to which one end of the relay winding is connected. The relays are, therefore, very simple, having but one winding and two pairs of make ccntacts each. The other end of the winding of L5. These are shown by way of 2 each of the relays is connected to one pole o1' one of the rectiers RCI RC5, respectively.

These rectiiiers may be any suitable form of such devices, having a high resistance to the passage of current in one direction and a low resistance to the passage of current in the other direction, and may be all exactly alike. The other pole of each rectifier is supplied with an appropriate potential, as hereinafter described, from any suitable source. The selection contacts of all the relays are interconnected as shown so that one end of each relay winding is normally connected to the single control conductor C.

As indicated in the drawing, all of the relays RI R5 have the same form. They may be identical. In the present embodiment of the invention, they all have substantially the same electrical characteristics. The potentials which should be connected to the rectiiers RCI RC5 will depend upon the poling of said rectifiers and the electrical characteristics of the relays RI R5. In the present embodiment of the invention, the rectifiers are poled to oer a high resistance to the passage of current from the relay windings through the rectiers and the potentials supplied to the rectiers should be positive as indicated. Each of the rectiers RCI RC5 should then be supplied. with a dierent positive potential. It is assumed, for the purpose of illustration in the present example, that each of the relays RI R5 will operate its contacts when a current of 0.1 ampere ows through its winding and will not operate on a substantially lower current. It is also assumed, by way of illustration, that the resistance of each relay winding is ohms. Suitable positive potentials connected to rectifiers RCI RC5 are. in this case, 62 volts to rectifier RCI 52 volts to rectifier RC2, 42 volts to rectifier RC3.. 32 volts to rectifier RC4, and 22 volts to rectifier RC5, as indicated on the drawing. These potentials may be supplied from any suitable sources PI P5, or a single potential source may be used with a voltage divider or other suitable means of obtaining the required potentials for each of the rectiers.

The rectifiers RCI RC5 may be of any suitable type, for example the metallic oxide type. In the present embodiment of the invention it is assumed, by Way of example, that each of said rectiers has a resistance in the low-resistance direction of less than 10 ohms and a resistance in the high-resistance direction of at least 10,000 ohms, such values being readily obtained in commercial forms of rectiers.

In the normal condition of the circuit, none of the relays RI R is operated, the current ow through the relay windings being, in each case, too low to cause operation of therelay. For example, current flows from source PI through rectier RCI andthe winding of relay RI thence through four parallel circuits as follows: through left-hand contacts and winding of relay R2 `and rectier RC2 to source P2; through left-hand contacts and winding of relay R3 and rectier RC3 to source P3; through left-hand contacts and winding of relay R4 and rectifier RC4 to source P4; and through left-hand contacts and winding of relay R5 and rectifier RC5 to source P5. The difference of' potential between source PI and source P5 is, in the present example, 40 volts, and this potential difference causes a current flow through rectifier RC5 in its high-resistance direction. The resistance of said rectifier in this direction being not less than 10,000 ohms, said current flow cannot exceed 0.008 ampere. The potential difference between source PI and sources P2, P3 and P4 is, in each case, less than 40 volts and the current ow in each of the other three branches of the circuit traced above is, consequently, less than 0.008 ampere. The total current iow through the winding of relay Rl cannot, therefore, equal 0.032 ampere, which is too small to operate said relay. Similarly, current flows from sources PI, P2, P3 and Pal through their respective rectiers and relays,

contacts and winding of relay R5, and rectifier RC5, in the high-resistance direction, to source P5. The maximum potential difference between any of the sources PI, P2, P3 and P4 and source P5 being 40 volts and the resistance of rectifier RC5 in the high-resistance direction being not less than 10,000 ohms, the current through the winding of relay R5 cannot equal 0.032 ampere, which is insufficient to operate said relay. It is apparent that similar conditions hold for relays R2, R3 and R4 and that none of said relays are operated.

Now, if a signal potential of 10 volts is applied from any suitable signal potential source P to conductor C, current will flow from the higher potential source P5 through rectifier RC5, the winding of relay R5, and conductor C to the lower potential source P. This current, flowing through rectifier RC5 in the low-resistance direction, will amount to 0.2 ampere and the total current iiowing through' the winding of relay R5 is at least 0.1 ampere. Said relay, therefore, operates, and its left-hand contacts open the circuit from con,- ductor C to relays RI, R2, R3 and R4, preventing the operation of any of said latter relays. right-hand contacts of relay R5 close an obvious circuit for lamp L5. The resultant lighting of said lamp indicates the particular signal volts) which was applied to conductor C. In response tov said'signal lamp L5 has been selected and actuated.

If, instead of 10 volts, a signal potential of 20 volts be applied to conductor C from the signal potential source P, current will iiow from the higher potential source P5 through rectifier RC5, the winding of relay R5, and conductor C to the lower potential source P. The potential difference between source P5 and source P being but volts, however, the resultant current through the winding or relay R5 cannot exceed 0.02 ampere,

which is of the same order of magnitude as the opposing current, described above, which normally Hows through said winding. Relay R5 is not, therefore, operated. Current also flows from Source Pfl through rectifier RC4, the Winding of The III)

relay R4, left-hand contacts of relay R5, and conductor C to the lower potential source P. This current flows in the low-resistance direction of rectier RC4, and, the potential difference between source P4 and source P being 12 volts, the current. in the winding of relay R4 is at least 0.1 ampere, which is sufficient to operaterelay R4. Said relay thereupon operates and its left-hand contacts open the circuit from conductor C to relays RI, R2 and R3, preventing the operation of said latter relays. The right-hand contacts of relay R4 close an obvious circuit for lamp L4, which is thereby selected and actuated. The lighting of said lamp also indicates the particular signal volts) applied to said conductor.

It is not believed necessary to describe in detail how, in a similar manner, a signal of volts applied to conductor C causes the operation of relay R3 and the selection and actuation of lamp L3, a signal of l0 volts causes the operation of relay R2 and the selection and actuation of lamp L2, and a signal of volts causes the operation of relay LI and the selection and actuation of lamp LI. The operation in each case will be apparent from the descriptions already given.

way of illustration only and that other suitable values may equally well be used. The poling of the rectiers RCI .RC5 may be reversed and negative potentials employed instead of positive potentials.V Also, while it is advantageous that all of relays RI R5 be alike, it is not essential that they be, as any suitable relays may be employed and compensation for differences in the characteristics of the relays may readily be made by suitable adjustment of the individual potential values. The same is true of the rectifiers RCI RC5 which may be all alike or may differ one from the other. Other adaptations and modifications within the scope of the invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art.

The terms and expressions which I have employed in reference to this invention and its elements are used as terms of description and not of limitation, and I have no intention in the use of such terms and expressions of excluding thereby equivalents of the features shown and described' or portions thereof but, on the contrary, intend to include therein any and all equivalents and modifications which may be employed without departing from the spirit of the invention.

What is claimed is: I

1. An electrical selecting circuit comprising in combination a plurality of relays to be energized, each of said relays having a pair of normally closed contacts, a rectifier and a source of different biasing potential for each relay connected serially with the winding of said relay and differentially with the windings of all other relays through the contacts of said relay and the contacts of said other relays, Vmeans for producing an equal number of different signal potentials, and means for applying said signal potentials B successively to all of said relays whereby a different relay is energized for each signal potential.

2. An electrical selecting circuit as set forth in claim 1 in which all of said relays are substantially alike in respect to their electrical characteristics and alike in respect to their contacts, and all of said rectiiiers are substantially alike in respect to their electrical characteristics.

3. An electrical indicating circuit comprising in combination with a plurality of relays, each of said relays including a winding and a pair of normally made contacts, means for producing a different signal potential for each of said relays, a rectier and a source of different biasing potential for each of said relays, the Winding of each of said relays. rectifier and source of different biasing potential therefor forming a serial path with said means for producing a different signal potential, each serial path being joined differentially to other similar paths through the contacts of one of said relays and the contacts of all other of said relays. means for applying one of said signal potentials to'all of said relays, thereby to operate the one of said relays to which said applied signal potential? appertains, and means responsive to the operation of said relay for indicating the signal potential so applied.

4. An electrical indicating circuit as set forth in claim 3 in which all of said relays are substan tially alike in respect to theirelectrical characteristics and alike in respect to their contacts, and all of said rectiiers are substantially alike in respect to their electrical characteristics.

CHARLES O. PARKS.

REFERENCES err-ED The following referencesfareof record in the le of this patent:

Number Name Date 1,823,739 Horton Sept. 15, 1931 2,058,170 Morehouse et al. Oct. 20, 1936

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2672522A (en) * 1951-11-28 1954-03-16 American Telephone & Telegraph Delayed switchboard lamp system
US2688441A (en) * 1951-02-02 1954-09-07 Exact Weight Scale Co Distribution classifier
US2813262A (en) * 1952-12-12 1957-11-12 Asea Ab Electric selector device
US2887624A (en) * 1953-12-04 1959-05-19 Int Standard Electric Corp Relay recorder
US3008132A (en) * 1959-06-01 1961-11-07 Salvatore Conigliaro Mail indicator device
US3019416A (en) * 1959-09-23 1962-01-30 Hagan Chemicals & Controls Inc Relay device for indicating if input digit lies within a predetermined range
US3049957A (en) * 1960-06-03 1962-08-21 Gibbs Mfg & Res Corp Instrument keying circuit
US3134052A (en) * 1962-04-18 1964-05-19 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Voltage level detector
US3142037A (en) * 1959-09-22 1964-07-21 Ibm Multivalued logic element
US3201776A (en) * 1963-04-24 1965-08-17 Int Research & Dev Co Ltd Continuous vibration monitor device
US3208042A (en) * 1959-11-23 1965-09-21 Itt Validity check control of plural inputs to relay circuits
US5588740A (en) * 1993-10-29 1996-12-31 Nec Corporation Backlight device for a liquid crystal display facilitating the replacement of a lamp thereof

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1823739A (en) * 1928-03-31 1931-09-15 Bell Telephone Labor Inc System operating on a marginal current basis
US2058170A (en) * 1932-08-26 1936-10-20 American Telephone & Telegraph Marginal control of gas-filled tubes

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1823739A (en) * 1928-03-31 1931-09-15 Bell Telephone Labor Inc System operating on a marginal current basis
US2058170A (en) * 1932-08-26 1936-10-20 American Telephone & Telegraph Marginal control of gas-filled tubes

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2688441A (en) * 1951-02-02 1954-09-07 Exact Weight Scale Co Distribution classifier
US2672522A (en) * 1951-11-28 1954-03-16 American Telephone & Telegraph Delayed switchboard lamp system
US2813262A (en) * 1952-12-12 1957-11-12 Asea Ab Electric selector device
US2887624A (en) * 1953-12-04 1959-05-19 Int Standard Electric Corp Relay recorder
US3008132A (en) * 1959-06-01 1961-11-07 Salvatore Conigliaro Mail indicator device
US3142037A (en) * 1959-09-22 1964-07-21 Ibm Multivalued logic element
US3019416A (en) * 1959-09-23 1962-01-30 Hagan Chemicals & Controls Inc Relay device for indicating if input digit lies within a predetermined range
US3208042A (en) * 1959-11-23 1965-09-21 Itt Validity check control of plural inputs to relay circuits
US3049957A (en) * 1960-06-03 1962-08-21 Gibbs Mfg & Res Corp Instrument keying circuit
US3134052A (en) * 1962-04-18 1964-05-19 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Voltage level detector
US3201776A (en) * 1963-04-24 1965-08-17 Int Research & Dev Co Ltd Continuous vibration monitor device
US5588740A (en) * 1993-10-29 1996-12-31 Nec Corporation Backlight device for a liquid crystal display facilitating the replacement of a lamp thereof

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