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Pressure measuring

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US2558805A
US2558805A US68934446A US2558805A US 2558805 A US2558805 A US 2558805A US 68934446 A US68934446 A US 68934446A US 2558805 A US2558805 A US 2558805A
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pressure
means
bladder
contacts
inside
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Constantin P Yaglou
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Constantin P Yaglou
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/103Detecting, measuring or recording devices for testing the shape, pattern, colour, size or movement of the body or parts thereof, for diagnostic purposes
    • A61B5/1036Measuring load distribution, e.g. podologic studies

Description

July 3, 1951 c. P. YAGLOU I PRESSURE MEASURING Filed Aug. 9, 1946 v' ll a INVENTOR.

DB? Op D 1 U j/im, ATTORNEY Patented July 3, 1951 2,558,805 PRESSURE MEASURING Constantin P. Yaglou, Belmont, Mass., assignor to the United States of America as represented by the Secretary of War Application August 9, 1946, Serial N 0. 689,344

8 Claims. 1

This invention relates to apparatus for pressure measuring, and is particularly applicable to the measurement of pressures on the inside of garments, and particularly of shoes while being actually worn.

In the designing of new patterns for tightfitting garments, and particularly in the designing of shoes, it is imperative to know whether the new design conforms to the configuration of the human body, or whether friction between garment and body results. If excessive pressures exist at any particular spot of the garment such as-a shoe, the design must be modified in order to avoid discomfort to the wearer. While obviously no shoe or other garment can ever be designed that fits all persons regardless of size, nevertheless general designs can be worked out which, when reproduced in customary tariff sizes, will fit a normally developed person of the particular size. Heretofore, the development of new types of shoes and other garments has been accomplished by methods of trial and error; the new design is tried out on test persons, and their opinions as to comfort or discomfort caused by the new design are taken into consideration in the question of the desirability of changing the design. Comfort or discomfort, however, is very much a matter of personal opinion and incapable of scientific standardization.

It is therefore a specific object of the present invention to provide apparatus for the measurement of pressures inside a shoe or other garment on the body of the wearer.

An accompanying object of this invention is the standardization of new designs for shoes and other garments.

Another principal object of the present invention is a pneumatic pressure meter of the manometer type with electrically operated indicator means.

A further object of the present invention is an arrangement whereby the exact equalization of pneumatic pressure in a pressure-measuring instrument of the manometer type with the pressure of the body to be measured can be determined.

Still another object of my invention is a simple, inexpensive and exact manometer pressure measuring device which can be read by simply observing the conventional pressure scale at the correct moment indicated by the device itself.

Further objects and advantages of my invention will become apparent in the course of the following description of the same.

The objects of my invention are carried out by means of one or more inflatable bladders which support on their inside a pair of electric contacts connected to a circuit which in turn is operably connected to an electric lamp or other indicator means. The bladder is operably connected to a conventional pneumatic manometer, e. g., of the pressure-bulb type. When the pneumatic pressure supplied to the inside of the bladder by the pressure bulb equals the pressure exerted on the outside or" the bladder by the objects to be measured, the bladder begins to inflate, which causes contacts to separate and the circuit to be interrupted, The interruption of the circuit is indicated by the lamp or other indicating means, and the operator reads the manometric pressure at that very instant.

The following drawings illustrate a preferred embodiment of my invention by way of example, but are not intended to limit the scope of my invention to that particular example.

In the drawings:

Fig. l is a perspective view (partly broken away) of a pressure-measuring apparatus in accordance with my invention.

Fig. 2 is a diagrammatic view of the operating parts of my pressure-measuring apparatus and of the electrically operated indicator means associated therewith.

Fig. 3 is a section through line 3-3 of Fig. 1, and illustrates in detail one of the flexible, contact-supporting bladders in inflated, circuitinterrupting position.

More particularly, reference numeral II denotes a pneumatic pressure bulb as it is conventionally used in sphygmomanometers and other pressure-measuring devices of the pneumatic type. Bulb it connects to a graded scale 12, such as a mercury U-tube; a flexible tube 13 leads from pressure bulb H to one or more flexible bladders M, Ma, Nib. Where more than one bladder is used, tube i3 is branched into several inlet tubes it at manifold F6. Each bladder supports on its inside a pair of electric contacts H, H, which are connected to current-carrying wires (3, i8. Incandescent lamp or lamps l9, Isa, l9?) are in the circuits which are fed by battery 2t: or other current supply means. Lamps as, 19a, l9?) are advantageously mounted on a panel 2|.

The operation of the device will now be described with particular reference to the measurement of pressures inside a shoe. A number of bladders I l are sewn to a socl: which is put on the foot A of the wearer, and a shoe B is put on over the sock C. Inasmuch as bladders M, Ma,

Mb are deflated, contacts I1, 11 touch each other and the circuit of which the contacts are a part is closed. Consequently, all lamps l9, l9a, I9.b are lighted. Pneumatic pressure is now brought to bear on the inside of bladders M, Ma, [4b byworking bulb ll. At the instant when the pressure exerted on a bladder by the foot, and shoe equals the pressure introduced to the inside of the bladder from bulb H, the bladder commences to inflate and contacts ll, ll separate, thereby breaking the circuit, which causes the lamp connected to that particular circuit to go out. The operator who observes panel 2t now reads the pressure indicated byscale 12, which. is the internal pressure at the particular spot where the bladder is located. The operator continues to work bulb l l until the next bladder begins to inflate, causing another lamp to; go. out, The pressure is again noted on scale l2. This process is continued until readings corresponding to all the bladders have been taken. Inasmuch as the location of the bladders inside the shoe is known beforehand, and each bladder can be identified by the lamp connected thereto, the pressure inside the shoe at pertinent points thereoi, e. g., instep, ankle, arch, is immediately analyzed. If the pressure inside another garment, for instance, a flying suit, is to be measured, the bladders are supported in appropriate places on long underwear or other flexible supports. The measuring then takes place in the same manner as has been described in connection with a shoe.

My apparatus will be found useful in the designing of childrens shoes. [1 test of a new design for a childs shoe with my apparatus and method produces accurate data While to test the design by merely placing it on a childs foot and then asking his opinion about its merits would be futile.

The above-described apparatus may, of course, be used in exactly the same manner in testing new designs of corsets, girdles or similar devices.

My apparatus is likewise useful in the fitting of individual garments to individual users. Alterations of the garment may be made at points of excessive pressure indicated by the apparatus.

My apparatus may, of course, be designed to cooperate with other than visual indicator means; for instance, the lamp may be substituted by a buzzer or other acoustic means. Also, a circuitmaking device may be employed instead of a cir- (suit-breaking device.

These and other modifications, as well as application of my invention to purposes other than those enumerated above, will readily occur to the expert, and the scope of my invention therefore is to be circumscribed only by the appended claims.

I claims 1-. A pressure meter comprising inflatable means, a plurality of contacts supported on the inside of said inflatable means, said contacts being in contact with each other when said inflatable means are deflated and out of contact with each other when said inflatable means are inflated, pneumatic pressure applying means operably associated with said inflatable means for inflating the same, a pressure indicating scale associated with said pneumatic pressure applying means, and electrically operable means electrically connected to said contacts for indicating the engagement and disengagement of said con.- tacts.

2. A pressure meter comprising; a plurality of inflatable means, a plurality of contacts supported on the inside of each of said inflatable means, said contacts being in contact with each other when said inflatable means are deflated and out of contact with each other when said inflatable means are inflated, pneumatic pressure applying means operably associated'with said plurality of inflatable means for inflating the same, av pressure indicating scale associated with said pneumatic pressure applying means, and a plurality of electrically operable means electrically connected to saidcontacts in said plurality of inflatable means for indicating the engagement and, disengagement of said contacts in said inflatable means.

3. An apparatus for measuring the pressure in side a garment, comprising an inflatable bladder, a pair of contacts supported inside said blad er in contact with each other when said bladder is deflated and out of contact with each other when said bladder is. inflated, said contacts being connected to an electric circuit, indicator means in said circuit, pneumatic pressure applying means for inflating said bladder and operably connected to the same, and a manometer scale associated with said pneumatic pressure applying means.

4. An apparatus for measuring the pressure inside a garment, comprising an inflatable bladder, a. pair of contacts supported inside said bladder in contact with each other when said bladder is. deflated and out of contact with each other when said bladder is inflated, said contacts being connectedto an electric circuit, an electric lamp in said circuit, pneumatic pressure applying means, for inflating said bladder and operably connected tov the same, and a manometer scale associated. with said pneumatic pressure applying means.

5. An apparatus for, measuring the pressure at various points inside a garment, comprising a p1u.. rality of inflatable bladders, a flexible circuit for said.v bladders, a pair of contacts supported inside each of said bladders in such a manner that said contacts are in contact with each other when the bladder supporting the same is deflated and out of contactwith each other when the bladder supporting the same isv inflated, said contacts being connected to an electric circuit, visual indicator means in. said circuit operable by said contacts, pneumatic. pressure applying means for inflating said bladders and a manometer associated with said pneumatic pressure applying means.

6. An apparatus for measuring the pressure inside, a shoe, comprising an inflatable bladder, a pair of contacts supported inside said bladder in contact with each other when said bladder is deflated and out of contact with each other when said bladder is inflated, said contacts being connected to an electric circuit, indicator means in said, circuit, pneumatic pressure applying means for inflating said bladder and operably connected to the same, and a manometer scale associated with said pneumatic pressure applying means.

7. An apparatus for measuring the pressure inside a shoe, comprising an inflatable bladder, a pa-iroi contacts supported inside said bladder in contact with each other when: said bladder is deflated and out of contact with each other when said bladder is'inflated, said contacts being connected to an: electric circuit, an electric lamp in said. circuit, pneumatic pressure applying means for inflating said bladder andcperably connected to the same, and a, manometer scale associated with. said pneumatic; pressure applying means.

8. An apparatus for measuring the pressure at various points inside a shoe, comprising a plurality of inflatable bladders, a flexible circuit for said bladders, a pair of contacts supported inside each of said bladders in such a manner that said contacts are in contact with each other when the bladder supporting the same is deflated and out of contact with each other when the bladder supporting the same is inflated, said contacts being connected to an electric circuit, visual indicator means in said circuit operable by said contacts, pneumatic pressure applying means for inflating said bladders and a manometer associated with said pneumatic pressure applying means.

CONSTANTIN P. YAGLOU.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3503257A (en) * 1968-05-09 1970-03-31 Pilot Res Corp Garment testing apparatus
US3974491A (en) * 1974-07-22 1976-08-10 Smithkline Corporation Load signaling device for a patient's foot
US4438650A (en) * 1981-03-30 1984-03-27 Her Majesty The Queen In Right Of Canada, As Represented By The Minister Of National Defence Anti-G suit test rig
US4858620A (en) * 1986-02-28 1989-08-22 Walgen Corporation Warning system for excessive orthopedic pressures
US4993429A (en) * 1989-06-09 1991-02-19 Krinsky Martin S Orthotic fitting system
US5230249A (en) * 1990-08-20 1993-07-27 Casio Computer Co., Ltd. Shoe or boot provided with tank chambers
EP0620710A1 (en) * 1992-09-10 1994-10-26 Biomechanics Corporation Of America Intelligent foot appliance
US5655316A (en) * 1995-12-11 1997-08-12 Raymond Hwang Shoe with weighing and step counting means
US5661916A (en) * 1996-07-05 1997-09-02 Huang; Tien-Tsai Electronic step counting shoe
US5815954A (en) * 1997-03-07 1998-10-06 Huang; Tien-Tsai Shoe with an electronic step counter
WO2000016689A1 (en) * 1998-09-21 2000-03-30 Roho, Inc. Biomedical apparatus
EP2261121A1 (en) * 2009-06-10 2010-12-15 Saab Ab Error detection system for G-suit
US20130030311A1 (en) * 2010-03-30 2013-01-31 Omron Healthcare Co., Ltd. Blood pressure measurement device
US8915132B1 (en) 2012-11-30 2014-12-23 Physical Therapy Services, LLC Visual warning device for weight bearing

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US932050A (en) * 1908-02-24 1909-08-24 P D Mcfarlane Scale.
US1629732A (en) * 1922-04-12 1927-05-24 Wilbur M Phelps Liquid-level indicator
US1860209A (en) * 1929-11-29 1932-05-24 Frank M Slough Liquid level indicator
US2290387A (en) * 1938-08-01 1942-07-21 Schwartz Russell Plato Means for recording the gait and muscle functioning of animate bodies

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US932050A (en) * 1908-02-24 1909-08-24 P D Mcfarlane Scale.
US1629732A (en) * 1922-04-12 1927-05-24 Wilbur M Phelps Liquid-level indicator
US1860209A (en) * 1929-11-29 1932-05-24 Frank M Slough Liquid level indicator
US2290387A (en) * 1938-08-01 1942-07-21 Schwartz Russell Plato Means for recording the gait and muscle functioning of animate bodies

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3503257A (en) * 1968-05-09 1970-03-31 Pilot Res Corp Garment testing apparatus
US3974491A (en) * 1974-07-22 1976-08-10 Smithkline Corporation Load signaling device for a patient's foot
US4438650A (en) * 1981-03-30 1984-03-27 Her Majesty The Queen In Right Of Canada, As Represented By The Minister Of National Defence Anti-G suit test rig
US4858620A (en) * 1986-02-28 1989-08-22 Walgen Corporation Warning system for excessive orthopedic pressures
US4993429A (en) * 1989-06-09 1991-02-19 Krinsky Martin S Orthotic fitting system
US5230249A (en) * 1990-08-20 1993-07-27 Casio Computer Co., Ltd. Shoe or boot provided with tank chambers
EP0620710A1 (en) * 1992-09-10 1994-10-26 Biomechanics Corporation Of America Intelligent foot appliance
EP0620710A4 (en) * 1992-09-10 1995-12-20 America Biomechanics Corp Intelligent foot appliance.
US5655316A (en) * 1995-12-11 1997-08-12 Raymond Hwang Shoe with weighing and step counting means
US5661916A (en) * 1996-07-05 1997-09-02 Huang; Tien-Tsai Electronic step counting shoe
US5815954A (en) * 1997-03-07 1998-10-06 Huang; Tien-Tsai Shoe with an electronic step counter
WO2000016689A1 (en) * 1998-09-21 2000-03-30 Roho, Inc. Biomedical apparatus
US6165142A (en) * 1998-09-21 2000-12-26 Roho, Inc. Biomedical apparatus
EP2261121A1 (en) * 2009-06-10 2010-12-15 Saab Ab Error detection system for G-suit
US20100315250A1 (en) * 2009-06-10 2010-12-16 Saab Ab Error detection system for g-suit
US20130030311A1 (en) * 2010-03-30 2013-01-31 Omron Healthcare Co., Ltd. Blood pressure measurement device
US8915132B1 (en) 2012-11-30 2014-12-23 Physical Therapy Services, LLC Visual warning device for weight bearing

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