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US2558228A - Hinge - Google Patents

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Publication number
US2558228A
US2558228A US75690347A US2558228A US 2558228 A US2558228 A US 2558228A US 75690347 A US75690347 A US 75690347A US 2558228 A US2558228 A US 2558228A
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Grant
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Prior art keywords
members
shaped
hinge
panels
joint
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Allen F Young
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Allen F Young
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E05LOCKS; KEYS; WINDOW OR DOOR FITTINGS; SAFES
    • E05DHINGES OR OTHER SUSPENSION DEVICES FOR DOORS, WINDOWS OR WINGS
    • E05D3/00Hinges with pins
    • E05D3/06Hinges with pins with two or more pins
    • E05D3/12Hinges with pins with two or more pins with two parallel pins and one arm
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T16/00Miscellaneous hardware [e.g., bushing, carpet fastener, caster, door closer, panel hanger, attachable or adjunct handle, hinge, window sash balance, etc.]
    • Y10T16/52Hinge
    • Y10T16/538Resiliently biased hinge
    • Y10T16/5382Biased from either direction toward neutral position [e.g., double acting]
    • Y10T16/53822Helical spring transverse to hinge axis

Description

A. F. YOUNG June 26, 1951 HINGE Filed June 25, 1947 l l r fr INVENTOR. //e 1C: /oury Patented June 26, 1951 NrreE-o STAI PAT-ENT :o FfFlcE This invention relates generally to hinge joints and fmore particularly to hinge joints for folding sectional .screens and 4"like .folding y:panel members.

vAll devices of .this character, made inkaccordance with the teachings of the prior art, and with which I am familiar, leave a considerable opening between the screen panels and the panels can only be folded one way. Where screens have been used on an infants bed, they have been such that the childs lingers would get caught in the hinges or in the open joints between the screen panels, thereby injuring the child in many instances. Attempts have been made to provide ileXible cords as hinges between panels but it was found that these hinge members quickly lose their flexibility and require frequent replacement.

It is, accordingly, an object of my invention to overcome the above and other defects in hinge joints and it is more particularly an object of my invention to provide a hinge joint which is durable, economical in cost, economical in manufacture, and eiiicient in operation.

Another object of my invention is to provide a. hinge joint between screen panels which is practically invisible.

Another object of my invention is to provide a hinge joint between screen panels wherein a closed joint is provided between the panels at all times.

Another object of my invention is to provide a hinge joint for connecting panels which permits the panels to move into overlapping or juxtaposed position with relation to each other.

Another object of my invention is to provide a hinge joint for screen panels and the like which greatly minimizes the danger of getting the fingers caught between the joint formed by the screen panels.

Other objects of my invention will become evident from the following detailed description, taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which Fig. 1 is a side elevational view of my novel hinge joint;

Fig. 2 is a plan view of my novel hinge joint;

Fig. 3 is an end elevational view of my novel hinge joint;

Fig. 4 is a view taken on the line 4-4 of Fig. l; and

Fig. 5 is an end elevational View of my novel hinge joint in juxtaposed position.

Referring now to the drawings, Figs. 1 to 5 inclusive show oppositely disposed identical U- 2Y shaped members -I having `semi-circular shaped abutting portions 2 and apertures i3 for rece-iving screws vI for connectingfthe U-shapedmember-'s I to panels 5. The semi-.circular shaped portions 2of fthe members fl have aligned transverse slots 6. Cylindrical members 'I are nested in the U-shaped members I as shown in thel drawings, the cylindrical members 'I having transverse apertures 8 with counter-bores 9. A pin ID extends through the slots 6 in the members I and through the apertures 8 in the cylindrical members 1. Coil springs II vare disposed in the counter-bores 9 surrounding the ends of the pin I0, and stop washers I2 are disposed on the ends of the pin Ill by peening the ends I3 thereof or by any other suitable means.

In operation, the panels may be rotated through substantially a 360 degree arc to juxtaposed positions as shown in Fig. 5. The pin I0 moves laterally in the slots 6 and the springs II maintain the necessary tension to hold the semicircular abutting portions 2 together in abutting relationship.

The U-shaped members I and 2 are preferably disposed in grooves 20 in the panels 5 so that the outer sides of the U-shaped member I are in the same horizontal plane as the outer sides of the panel, thereby making the joint between the panels a tight closed joint at all times no matter what angular position the panels 5 are in.

From the foregoing description, it will be seen that I have provided a novel hinge joint for panels which maintains a closed joint between the panels at all times, regardless of the angular relation of one panel to the other, one which permits movement of the connected panels substantially through a 360 degree arc, one which has no projecting portions to permit fingers or the like to be caught in the hinge or in the joint formed between the panels, and one which forces the edges of the adjacent screen members in abutting relationship with each other at all times.

Various changes may be made in the specific embodiment of my invention without departing from the spirit thereof or from the scope of the appended claims.

What I claim is:

1. A hinge joint comprising oppositely disposed, U-shaped members having substantially semicircular shaped portions thereof in abutting relationship, said semi-circular shaped portions each having a transverse slot, an arcuate shaped member having a transverse aperture disposed in each of said U-shaped members, a pin extending through said slots in said U-shaped members and through the apertures in said arcuate shaped members and spring means on` each end of said pin for urging said cylindrical U-shaped members together in abutting relationship.

2. A hinge joint comprising substantially U- shaped members having semi-circular shaped abutting portions adapted to be connected to adjoining panels, each of said semi-circular shaped portions of said U-shaped members having a transverse slot, cylindrical members nested in said U-shaped members each having a transverse aperture and a counter-bore, a connecting pin extending through said slots and the apertures in said cylindrical members, a coil spring disposed in said counter-bore of each of said cylindrical members surrounding opposite ends of said connecting pin, and a stop member secured to each end of said pin. Y

3. A hinge joint comprising transversely slotted arcuate shaped abutting members adapted to be connected to the edges of panels, an arcuate shaped member nested in each of said abutting members having a transverse aperture, a. connecting pin extending through the apertures in 4 said arcuate shaped members and the slots in said abutting members, and spring means on each end of said pin for urging said abutting members together.

4. A hinge joint comprising oppositely disposed hinge members having transversely slotted, arcuate shaped portions in abutting relationship, an elongated member extending through the transverse slots in the arcuate shaped portions of said hinge members, an arcuate shaped member engaging the inner'arcuate shaped portion of each of said hinge members, and means for yieldably connecting said arcuate shaped members to opposite ends of said elongated member.

. ALLEN F. YOUNG.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this patent:

US2558228A 1947-06-25 1947-06-25 Hinge Expired - Lifetime US2558228A (en)

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US2558228A US2558228A (en) 1947-06-25 1947-06-25 Hinge

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US2558228A true US2558228A (en) 1951-06-26

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE945309C (en) * 1952-07-01 1956-07-05 Wilhelm Papenfuss Means for the articulated connection of panels, frames od. Like. With two mutually parallel and connected by axes Zwischenstuecke
US3277950A (en) * 1964-04-20 1966-10-11 Nufold Corp Folding door
US3514893A (en) * 1966-09-28 1970-06-02 Frankenplastik Vertriebs Gmbh Resiliently coupled abutting members disposable in plural stable configurations
US7299523B2 (en) * 2004-04-27 2007-11-27 Shenzhen Futaihong Precision Industrial Co., Ltd. Hinge mechanism for foldable electronic device
US20130042432A1 (en) * 2010-02-12 2013-02-21 Stuart John Andrews Spring-biased hinged assembly

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US328342A (en) * 1885-10-13 robinson
US1676073A (en) * 1924-07-28 1928-07-03 Gold Medal Camp Furniture Mfg Collapsible bar
US1698136A (en) * 1926-12-06 1929-01-08 M G Lawrence Two-way hinge

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US328342A (en) * 1885-10-13 robinson
US1676073A (en) * 1924-07-28 1928-07-03 Gold Medal Camp Furniture Mfg Collapsible bar
US1698136A (en) * 1926-12-06 1929-01-08 M G Lawrence Two-way hinge

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE945309C (en) * 1952-07-01 1956-07-05 Wilhelm Papenfuss Means for the articulated connection of panels, frames od. Like. With two mutually parallel and connected by axes Zwischenstuecke
US3277950A (en) * 1964-04-20 1966-10-11 Nufold Corp Folding door
US3514893A (en) * 1966-09-28 1970-06-02 Frankenplastik Vertriebs Gmbh Resiliently coupled abutting members disposable in plural stable configurations
US7299523B2 (en) * 2004-04-27 2007-11-27 Shenzhen Futaihong Precision Industrial Co., Ltd. Hinge mechanism for foldable electronic device
US20130042432A1 (en) * 2010-02-12 2013-02-21 Stuart John Andrews Spring-biased hinged assembly

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