US2555408A - Gearless clock - Google Patents

Gearless clock Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2555408A
US2555408A US5057948A US2555408A US 2555408 A US2555408 A US 2555408A US 5057948 A US5057948 A US 5057948A US 2555408 A US2555408 A US 2555408A
Authority
US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
clock
shaft
end
disc
secured
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Glenn R Horner
Original Assignee
Glenn R Horner
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G04HOROLOGY
    • G04CELECTROMECHANICAL CLOCKS OR WATCHES
    • G04C15/00Clocks driven by synchronous motors
    • G04C15/0009Clocks driven by synchronous motors without power-reserve
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T74/00Machine element or mechanism
    • Y10T74/15Intermittent grip type mechanical movement
    • Y10T74/1503Rotary to intermittent unidirectional motion
    • Y10T74/1508Rotary crank or eccentric drive
    • Y10T74/1518Rotary cam drive
    • Y10T74/1523Radial cam

Description

G. R. HORNER GEARLESS CLOCK June 5, 1951 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Sept. 22, 1948 'I IIIIII INVENTOR. dleymffifio rne r Z .Wv

ATTEI RN EYS Patented June 5, 1951 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 1 Claim.

This invention relates to a-,clock, and more particularly to a clock mechanism fordriving the hands of the clock.

Theobject of the invention is to provide a clock having a simplified clock mechanism.

Another object of the invention is to provide a; clock mechanism for uniformly and positively driving the hands forward, regardless of the position of the hands.

A further object of the invention is to provide agclock mechanism which is extremely simple and inexpensive to manufacture.

Other objects and advantages will be apparent during the course of the following description.

In'the accompanying drawings forming apart of this application, and in which like numerals are employed to designate like parts throughout the same:

Figure 1 is a front elevational view. of the clock according to the present invention;

Figure 2 is a top plan view of the clock with the cover and flat springs'removed;

Figure 3 is a vertical sectional viewv taken on the line .33 of Figure 2;

Figure 4 is a sectional view taken on the line 4-4 of Figure2.

Fig. 5 is a sectional view of, the clock taken on the line 5-5 of Fig. 4, showing the setting mechanism.

Referring-in detail to the drawings,- the clock comprises a base In supporting a housing Carried by the forward portion of the housing H is a transparent closure I2, Figure 2, and

arranged in spaced, parallel relation with respect to the closure |2 'is a dial |3 provided with the usualimarkings thereon. A-frame I4 is pos1- tionedwithin .the housing-l I,. there being aback wall l5 releasably secured to the frame M by means of screws I6 for gaining access to the clock mechanism. A sleeve projects from the forward end of the frame l4 and through the dial |3 for a purpose to be hereinafter described.

Arranged within the frame I4 is a one-revolution-per-minute synchronous motor l8 adapted to be connected to a source of electrical energy, and a first rotatable shaft l9 supported on a bearing 9 has one end projecting through the sleeve I1 and secured to the second hand of the clock. Arranged transversely with respect to the shaft l9 and secured thereto is a cam 2| provided with one tooth, Figure 4. Arranged in bearing contact with the cam 2| is a shoe 23 which is carried by a lever 24. One end 25 of the lever 24 is pivotally connected to the rod 21, the rod 21 being supported by a lug 26. A coil spring 4 -connects the lever 24 to a lug 3 which is secured to the base of the clock, so that the shoe '23 will be maintained in contact with cam 2|.

The other end of the lever 24 is pivotally connected to a pawl or ratchet 28 which has its end arranged in engagement with the teeth 29 of a disc 30; there being sixty evenly-spaced teeth on the disc; A spring 3| biases the pawl 28 into engagement with the teeth 29, regardless of the position of the clock. The disc 30 is secured to an end of a hollow shaft 32 and the other end of the shaft 32 is secured to the minute hand 33 of the clock, the shaft 32 being arranged in concentric relation about the shaft 1 9. Arranged in superposed relation with respect to the disc 30 and secured to the shaft 32 is a cam 34 provided with five teeth 35 thereon, Figure 3. Arranged in bearing contact with the cam 34 is a shoe 36 which is carried by a lever 31, and one end 38 of the lever 31 is pivotally connected to the rod 21. A coil spring 8 connects the lever 31 to a lug 7 which is secured to the base of the clock so that the shoe 36 will be maintained in Contact with the cam 34 so that the clock will operateregardless of its position.

The other end of the-lever 3"! carries a pawl or ratchet 4| which has its end arranged in engagement with the teeth 42 of the disc 43 and a spring. 44 biases the pawl 4| into engagement with the teeth 42, there being sixty evenly-spaced teeth. The disc 43 is secured to an end of a hollow shaft 45 and the other end of the shaft 45 is secured to the hour hand 59 of the clock, the shaft 45 being arranged in concentric relation about the shaft 32.

A pair of fiat springs 45 and 41 each has one end secured by a rivet 48 to the upper portion of the frame l4, and the other ends of the flat springs 46 and 41 bear against the discs 43 and 30, respectively, to prevent the hands of the clock from being turned backwards.

The mechanism for re-setting the clock is shown in detail in Figure 5, and comprises a carriage slidably mounted on the base of the clock, there being a slot 49 in the carriage 48 and projecting through the slot 49 is a pair of screws 50 for maintaining the carriage in alignment as it is moved. For moving the carriage, a rod 5| is supported thereon and is provided with a knurled knob 52 on one end thereof. A tension spring 53 is circumposed on the rod 5| and has one end secured to the carriage 48 for normally biasing the latter toward the back of the clock. A spur gear 54 is secured to the rod 5| and is arranged in meshing engagement with a second spur gear 55 secured to a rotatable shaft 56. A rubber wheel 51 is secured to the shaft 56 and is adapted to be moved into and out of engagement with the disc 30, as the carriage is moved. Upon rotation of the rod 5|, the disc 30 will be rotated to thereby move the hands to the desired position.

The sequence of operation of the clock is as follows: The motor l8 turns over one revolution per minute to cause the second hand 20 to turn 360 every minute. Also, by the action of the shoe 23 bearing against the cam 2|, the pivotally connected lever 24 and pawl 28 will cause one 360 rotation of the minute hand 33 for every sixty revolutions of the second hand 20. Similarly, rotation of the disc 30 rotates the five-toothed cam 34 which has bearing against it the shoe 36 so that the lever 31 and pawl 4| cause the disc 43 and hour hand 59 to rotate one 360 revolution for every sixty complete revolutions of the minute hand 33. The coil springs 4 and 8 maintain the shoes 23 and 36, respectively, in contact with the cams 2| and 34 to insure operation of the clock, regardless of its position. A pair of flat springs 46 and 41 exert light pressure on the discs 43 and 30, respectively, to thereby prevent the hands from being turned backwards. The clock can be reset by movement of the knob 52 inwardly to move the rubber wheel 51 into engagement with the disc 30, so that by rotation of the knob 52, the hands of the clock can be moved to their proper position.

From the foregoing it will now be seen that there is herein provided a device which accomplishes all the objects of this invention, and others, including many advantages of great practical utility and commercial importance.

As many embodiments may be made of this inventive concept, and as many modifications may be made in the emobdiment hereinbefore shown and described, it is to be understood that all matter herein is to be interpreted merely as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.

I claim:

A clock comprising a base, a housing supported on said base, a transparent closure carried by the forward portion of said housing, a dial arranged in spaced parallel relation with respect to said closure and provided with markings thereon, a frame positioned within said housing, a back wall releasably connected to said frame, a sleeve projecting from the forward end of said frame and extending through said dial, a motor adapted to be connected to a source of electrical energy arranged within said housing, a first rotatable shaft projecting through sail sleeve and having an end secured to said motor, a second hand secured to the other end of said first shaft, a first cam carried by said first shaft and provided with a single tooth, a second rotatable shaft arranged in concentric relation about said first shaft, a first disc provided with a plurality of spaced teeth on an end of said second shaft, means operatively connecting said first cam to the teeth of said first disc for rotating the latter upon rotation of said first shaft, said means comprising a horizontally disposed rod arranged in said housing, an offset lever having one end pivotally connected to said rod, a shoe arranged on the lower surface of said lever for engaging the tooth on said first cam, a pawl pivotally connected to the other end of said lever and engaging the teeth on said first disc, a lug extending upwardly from said base, a coil spring extending between said lug and said lever, a spring for urging said pawl into engagement with the teeth on said disc, a minute hand carried by the other end of said second shaft, a second cam carried by said second shaft and provided with a plurality of teeth, a third rotatable shaft arranged in concentric relation about said second shaft, a second disc provided with a plurality of spaced teeth mounted on an end of said third shaft, means operatively connecting said second shaft to the teeth of said second disc for rotating th latter upon rotation of said second shaft, said lastnamed means comprising a lever having one end pivotally connected to said rod, a shoe arranged on the lower surface of said last-named lever for engaging the teeth on said second cam, a pawl pivotally connected to the other end of said lastnamed lever and engaging the teeth on said second disc, an hour hand carried by the other end of said third shaft, manually operable means on said clock for resetting the latter, and resilient means embodying a pair of flat springs secured to said frame and bearing against said discs for preventin the hands of the clock from being turned backwards, said clock hands being advanced during the raising of the levers.

GLENN R. HORNER.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 2,008,610 Florman July 16, 1935 2,058,609 Magro Oct. 2'7, 1936 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 439,035 Great Britain Nov. 28, 1935

US2555408A 1948-09-22 1948-09-22 Gearless clock Expired - Lifetime US2555408A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2555408A US2555408A (en) 1948-09-22 1948-09-22 Gearless clock

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2555408A US2555408A (en) 1948-09-22 1948-09-22 Gearless clock

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2555408A true US2555408A (en) 1951-06-05

Family

ID=21966077

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US2555408A Expired - Lifetime US2555408A (en) 1948-09-22 1948-09-22 Gearless clock

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2555408A (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2662367A (en) * 1953-07-24 1953-12-15 Standard Electric Time Co Individually corrected secondary clock
US2916923A (en) * 1956-05-08 1959-12-15 Mallory & Co Inc P R Escapement for timer switch
DE1080031B (en) * 1956-03-10 1960-04-14 Antonine E Noverraz Synchronous clock
US3214529A (en) * 1961-12-21 1965-10-26 Gen Motors Corp Washing machine timer
US3213695A (en) * 1961-12-21 1965-10-26 Gen Motors Corp Interval timer and drive mechanism therefor
JPS5137800B1 (en) * 1971-07-22 1976-10-18
US20040233792A1 (en) * 2003-04-04 2004-11-25 Evertz Microsystems Ltd. Analog clock

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2008610A (en) * 1931-06-24 1935-07-16 Florman Irving Electric clock
GB439035A (en) * 1934-04-28 1935-11-28 William Engelke Improvements in or relating to clocks
US2058609A (en) * 1933-10-28 1936-10-27 Joseph Lipack Electric clock mechanism

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2008610A (en) * 1931-06-24 1935-07-16 Florman Irving Electric clock
US2058609A (en) * 1933-10-28 1936-10-27 Joseph Lipack Electric clock mechanism
GB439035A (en) * 1934-04-28 1935-11-28 William Engelke Improvements in or relating to clocks

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2662367A (en) * 1953-07-24 1953-12-15 Standard Electric Time Co Individually corrected secondary clock
DE1080031B (en) * 1956-03-10 1960-04-14 Antonine E Noverraz Synchronous clock
US2916923A (en) * 1956-05-08 1959-12-15 Mallory & Co Inc P R Escapement for timer switch
US3214529A (en) * 1961-12-21 1965-10-26 Gen Motors Corp Washing machine timer
US3213695A (en) * 1961-12-21 1965-10-26 Gen Motors Corp Interval timer and drive mechanism therefor
JPS5137800B1 (en) * 1971-07-22 1976-10-18
US20040233792A1 (en) * 2003-04-04 2004-11-25 Evertz Microsystems Ltd. Analog clock

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US2318654A (en) Automatic phonograph
US2976672A (en) Timepiece with date indicator
US2456122A (en) Time zone watch
US3901020A (en) Chronograph watch
US2200110A (en) Time switch
US2459107A (en) Drum type indicator alarm clock
US3358437A (en) Push button time zone watch
US4034549A (en) Shadow clock
US3597918A (en) Digitally indicating clock-timer
US3675413A (en) Watch movement having totalizers
US3323303A (en) Clockwork mechanism for short interval alarm timer
US2469655A (en) Counter actuating and resetting mechanism
US2374590A (en) Washing machine control
US2466312A (en) Transparent disk clock
US1982495A (en) Clock and interval timer
US3177360A (en) Diffractometer with a rotatable support to hold plural samples for automatic analysis of crystalline material
US2153004A (en) Clock, so-called mysterious small clock
US2223207A (en) Resetting timer
US2941349A (en) Automatic rate correcting mechanism for clocks or the like
US3543506A (en) Self-winding wristwatch with a chronograph mechanism
US4027468A (en) Day-date mechanism for travel clock
US1970586A (en) Game device
US4060977A (en) Timepiece
US4050233A (en) Stepping mechanism for watches
US2977433A (en) Radio clock mechanism