US2553620A - Parallel expanding-jaw pliers - Google Patents

Parallel expanding-jaw pliers Download PDF

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Publication number
US2553620A
US2553620A US774343A US77434347A US2553620A US 2553620 A US2553620 A US 2553620A US 774343 A US774343 A US 774343A US 77434347 A US77434347 A US 77434347A US 2553620 A US2553620 A US 2553620A
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United States
Prior art keywords
jaw
members
handle
pliers
portions
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Expired - Lifetime
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US774343A
Inventor
Yeazell William Olds
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Yeazell William Olds
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Priority to US774343A priority Critical patent/US2553620A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B27/00Hand tools, specially adapted for fitting together or separating parts or objects whether or not involving some deformation, not otherwise provided for
    • B25B27/14Hand tools, specially adapted for fitting together or separating parts or objects whether or not involving some deformation, not otherwise provided for for assembling objects other than by press fit or detaching same
    • B25B27/20Hand tools, specially adapted for fitting together or separating parts or objects whether or not involving some deformation, not otherwise provided for for assembling objects other than by press fit or detaching same inserting or withdrawing split pins or circlips
    • B25B27/205Pliers or tweezer type tools with tow actuated jaws
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B7/00Pliers; Other hand-held gripping tools with jaws on pivoted limbs; Details applicable generally to pivoted-limb hand tools
    • B25B7/02Jaws
    • B25B7/04Jaws adjustable
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B7/00Pliers; Other hand-held gripping tools with jaws on pivoted limbs; Details applicable generally to pivoted-limb hand tools
    • B25B7/06Joints
    • B25B7/08Joints with fixed fulcrum
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B7/00Pliers; Other hand-held gripping tools with jaws on pivoted limbs; Details applicable generally to pivoted-limb hand tools
    • B25B7/12Pliers; Other hand-held gripping tools with jaws on pivoted limbs; Details applicable generally to pivoted-limb hand tools involving special transmission means between the handles and the jaws, e.g. toggle levers, gears
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/53Means to assemble or disassemble
    • Y10T29/53613Spring applier or remover
    • Y10T29/5363Circular spring

Description

May 22, 1951 w. o. YEAzELL PARALLEL EXPANDING-JAW PLIERS 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed Sept. 16. 1947 May 22, 1951 w. o. YEAzELL 4 PARALLEL EXPANDING-JAW PLIERS File sept. 1e, 1947 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 IN V EN TOR.

0. oJN, www maw /h MW a Patented May 22, 1951 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE (Granted under the act of March 3, 1883, as amended April 30, 1928; 370 O. G. 757) 1 Claim.

The invention described herein may be manu.- factured by or for the United States Government for governmental purposes without payment to me of any royalty thereon.-

'I'his invention relates to special pliers of the parallel-jaw type, and more particularly to pliers having jaws which open as the plier handles are moved toward each other.

The primary object of the present invention is to provide a set of pliers equipped with parallcl jaws which expand or open at the same time that a pair of handle members of the pliers are closed toward each other by the gripping action of an operators hand.

A further object of the invention is to provide a set of pliers of the parallel-.jaw type in which each of the jaw members is provided with means to detachably secure thereto specially shaped elements adapted to grip the work piece, which work piece may then be manipulated by means of the pliers. 4

Another object of .the inventionis to generally improve on and extend the field of usefulness of pliers of the parallel-jaw type.

It is also within the scope kof objects of the invention to provide an improved pliers capable of holding and manipulating spring yfasteners of the split ring type.

The above and other objects of .the invention will become apparent upon reading the following detailed description in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:

Fig. 1 is plan view of the improved pliers with the parallel jaws in closed relation.

Fig. 2 is a side view of the improved pliers.

Fig. 3 is a plan view of a split ring fastener particularly adapted for manipulation by means of the improved pliers.

Fig. 4 is a perspective view of the improved pliers with the parallel jaws in open relation.

Fig. 5 is a vertical cross section taken on line 5--5 of Fig. 4.

Referring to Figs. l and 2 it will be seen-that the pliers of the present invention comprise four main parts, namely the handle members I and 2 and the jaw members 3 and 4. The handle members include the widened lgrip elements 5 and 6 at the upper end portions thereof and therebelow the handle members consist of flat plate-like portions in face-to-face vrelation and rotatably connected by a pivot I having countersunk head portions. Between lthe confronting faces `of the handle members there is provided a spring recess 8 which forms an annular space around Vpivot l, and the confronting faces are also provided tion as shown particularly in Fig. 2. Thus it will be seen that the jaw member 4 includes a relatively long upwardly extending portion 4 spaced from and parallel to the shorter upwardly extending portion 4. The spaced portions 4 and 4" are connected together at their lower ends by a jaw chuck portion I3 adapted to close tightly against a similar jaw chuck portion I2 formed at the lower end of the other jaw member 3. The portion l2 of jaw member 3 serves to join together the spaced portions 3' ands" of the jaw member. In assembling the jaw members 3 and 4 over the pivotally connected handle members it is necessary to position the longer jaw portions 3f and 4 on opposite sides of the handle as-Y sembly, so that they may be connected to the proper handle members in a manner to be explained below. Thus it will be seen that the longer portion 3 of member 3 is adjacent to the shorter portion 4" of member 4, while the longer portion 4 of member 4 is adjacent Vto the shorter portion 3" of member 3.

The jaw members 3 and 4 are connected to the handle members in a parallel articulated fashion by means of the two lower pivots I4 and I5 which extend through the spaced portions of the jaw members and through the lower ends of the han! dle members as shown. The pivot I4 serves to connect the lower end of handlemember I with the lower end of jaw member 3, while the pivot I5 serves to connect the lower end of handle member 2 with .the lower end of jaw member 4. The. lower ends of the handle members I and 2 include circular bosses I and 2 which help to ll out the spaces between the spaced portions of the jaw members and prevent looseness or lateral play between the parts working on the pivots I4 and I5. At the upper ends of the longer jaw portions 3 and 4 there are provided slots I6 and I'I forming slide guides for the articulating pivots I8 and IS which extend through the slotted jaw portions 3" and 4 respectively and through the plate-like portions of the handle members 2 and I respectively. Thus the upper end of the jaw member 3 is slidably guided by a pivot secured to handle member 2, while the upper end of the jaw member 4 is slidably guided by a pvot secured to handle member I. This guiding function of the slots and pivots serves to hold the jaw members in parallel relation at all times within the relatively narrow range of movement aiiorded by the length oi slots I6 and I1.

The present parallel expanding jaw pliers is characterized by the fact that the jaw members 3 and 4 are moved away from each other by movement of the grip elements or members 5 and 6 toward each other. This makes one-hand control of the pliers possible by exerting a steady squeezing action on the grip elements until the proper jaw opening has been achieved. This action is made possible by constructing the pliers with the pivot 'I on the longitudinal center line of the pliers and by locatingthe jaw members 3 and 4 on the same sides of the center line or mid-line as the grip elements 5 and 6 respectively of the handle members I and 2,

While the slots I6 and I'I and the pivots I8 and I9 will limit the extent or relative movement of the handle members and articulated jaw members, the present plier construction further includes the provision of adjustable stop means to limit the extent of movement of the handle members toward each other and the jaw members away from each other. This stop means includes an angularly extending lug 20 forming an extension at the upper end oi the jaw portion 3', with the lug apertured to slidably receive a threaded stud 2I integrally connected to a collar 22 mounted on the guide pivot i8. The threaded stud 2i carries an adjustable stop nut 23 which may be set at various distances from the lug 20 to provide a definite stopping point as the handle grip portions 5 and t are brought together. The stop means will avoid unnecessary stressing of the spring fastener devices which are to be manipulated by the present tool.

From the description as stated hereinabove it may be seen that the handle members I and 2 are adapted for relative rotation about the main pivot "I, and as they are so rotated from the position as shown in Fig. l to bring the handle grip elements 5 and 6 toward each other the relative movement will cause the jaw pivots I4 and I5 and the jaw members 3 and 4 to move away from each other. As this action occurs the jaw pivots I4 and I5 will move closer to the guide pivots I8 and I9 respectively, and the slotted upper ends of the jaw members will slide relatively to the guide pivots. This articulation of the jaw members will thus assure a constantly parallel relation therebetween as the members move toward or away from each other. After the jaw members have been opened up the relative positions of the Various elements will appear as shown in Fig. 4.

Each of the jaw chucks i2 and i3 is provided with a non-circular opening adapted to receive one of the fastener manipulating pins 24 or 25,

which are held in place within the jaw chucksby means of set screws 26 and 2'I. The free ends of the pins 24 and 25 may have any appropriate shape or coniiguration for convenient application to various spring fasteners or other members to be manipulated, but as shown in the present drawing the pins are merely provided with slender extensions of a diameter calculated to t loosely within openings provided in the spring fastener shown in Fig. 3 of the drawing. I lf desired the free ends of the pins 24 and 25 may have angular extensions so that the pliers may be held in a more convenient position as they are manipulated. The particular configuration or shape of the pins 24 and 25 may be varied according to the use to which the pliers are to be put, and there may be provided a variety or" pairs of pins adapted for detachable connection within the jaw chucks I2 and I3.

The preferred use of the present plier construction is in the manipulation of a split ring fastener of the type shown in Fig. 3, which is adapted for application around the outside of a shaft or rod member having formed therein an annular recess to receive the ring. The operation of applying these split ring fasteners is very much speeded up if some means is provided for opening the ring to the desired extent and holding it open while the same is applied over the shaft having the annular recess adapted to receive the ring. In Fig. 3 the ring itself is designated by the numeral 3l] and the spaced ends thereof are provided with lugs or enlargements 3| and 32 which are respectively apertured at 33 and 34 to receive the free end portions of the jaw carried pins 24 and 25. The distance between the end portions of the pins 24 and..25 should be such that they may be inserted in the apertured lugs of the ring 3G without springing the ring 30 open to any extent, although it may be necessary to open the jaw portions of the pliers slightly before inserting the pins in the ring apertures 33 and 34. Having mounted'the ring on the pin members 24 and 25 the mechanic may then grip the handle members in such a manner as to spread the jaws l2 and I3 apart at the same time opening up the split ring 30 for the application thereof over the end of the shaft or other member adapted to receive the ring. Because the ring in its open condition will be under considerable tension it will consequently remain mounted on the pin members 24 and 25 due to the friction between the ring and pin members. After the ring is mounted over the shaft and brought to the desired position the handle members of the pliers may be released thus allowing the jaws to close together under the action of the coil spring Ii. Ring 30 beingv in place the pliers may then be removed until such time as it is desired to remove the ring 35) or apply additional rings.

The embodiments of the invention herein shown and described are to be regarded as illustrative only and it is to be understood' that the invention is susceptible to variations, modications and changes within the scope of the appended claim.

I claim:

Parallel expanding jaw pliers comprising, a first handle member having a handle grip portion at one end, a second handle member having a handle grip portion at one end, a pivotal connection between the rst and second handle members located intermediate or" the ends thereof and providing a pivotal axis intersected by a mid-line passing between said handle grip portions and equidistant from said portions at all points thereon, a rst jaw member, a second jaw member, a pivotal connection between the iirst handle member and the first jaw member and spaced from said mid-line in the same direction as the rst handle grip portion, a pivotal connection between the second handle member and the. second jaw member and spaced from said midline in the same direction as the second handle grip portion, a pin on the first handle membery movable in a vslot provided in the second jaw I member with the pin and slot spaced from said mid-line in the same direction as the second handle grip portion, a pin on the second handle member movable in a slot provided in the first jaw member with the pin and slot spaced from said mid-line in the same direction as the first handle grip portion, an apertured lug on one jaw member at one end adjacent to the slot therein, a threaded stud pivotally mounted on the pin movable in the last mentioned slot with said stud extending through the aperture of said lug, and a stop nut adjustably mounted on the free end of said threaded stud to contact said lug and thus provide a stop action for the movement of said jaw members away from each other and for movement of said handle grip portions toward each other.

WILLIAM OLDS YEAZELL.

6 REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS

US774343A 1947-09-16 1947-09-16 Parallel expanding-jaw pliers Expired - Lifetime US2553620A (en)

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Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2676505A (en) * 1950-03-28 1954-04-27 Austin G Goodnight Spreader wrench
US2688267A (en) * 1953-04-03 1954-09-07 Western Electric Co Holder for wire leads
US2737837A (en) * 1953-07-16 1956-03-13 Charles E Stillwell C-washer removing pliers
DE959810C (en) * 1952-10-31 1957-03-14 Wetho Weisenburger Preferably, as a combination pliers formed Flachzange
US3040420A (en) * 1960-01-12 1962-06-26 K D Mfg Co Snap ring pliers
US3371401A (en) * 1965-02-17 1968-03-05 Deguy Conge & Cie Pliers for external circlips
US3662449A (en) * 1969-12-01 1972-05-16 Seiichi Hashimoto Pliers
US3813750A (en) * 1972-09-19 1974-06-04 R Kerr Implement for manipulation of snap rings
US3990137A (en) * 1975-10-03 1976-11-09 Scientific Tool & Engineering Co. Parallel action pliers
DE3029314A1 (en) * 1980-03-24 1981-10-01 Taiyo Hatsujyo Seisakusho Kk HYDRAULIC COLLET FOR CIRCLIPS
FR2547233A1 (en) * 1983-06-07 1984-12-14 Murphy James Transformable clamps for holding a ring
US6257105B1 (en) * 1999-12-20 2001-07-10 Shuh-Sen Lin Reversible jaw snap ring pliers
US7055413B1 (en) * 2005-03-08 2006-06-06 Tien-Shui Wang Pair of pliers for snap rings
US20080264216A1 (en) * 2004-06-14 2008-10-30 Seamus Duffy Snap Ring Pliers
CN105299019A (en) * 2014-07-28 2016-02-03 泰科电子公司 Conical retention ring
EP3006163A1 (en) * 2014-10-08 2016-04-13 General Electric Company Spark plug electrode gap setting tool
US9599164B1 (en) * 2006-01-27 2017-03-21 Temper Axle Products, Corporation Systems and methods for preloading a bearing
US10100872B1 (en) 2017-04-07 2018-10-16 Templer Axle Products Corporation Systems and methods for preloading a bearing and aligning a lock nut
US10107331B1 (en) 2017-04-07 2018-10-23 Temper Axle Products Corporation Systems and methods for preloading a bearing and aligning a lock nut
US10151343B2 (en) 2017-04-07 2018-12-11 Temper Axle Products Corporation Systems and methods for preloading a bearing and aligning a lock nut
US10532451B2 (en) 2016-03-16 2020-01-14 Temper Axle Products Corporation Systems and methods for preloading a bearing
US10718368B2 (en) 2017-08-08 2020-07-21 Temper Axle Products Corporation Lock nut with offset retaining ring

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US653364A (en) * 1899-09-13 1900-07-10 Giovanni B Pittavino Pliers.
US943818A (en) * 1909-04-07 1909-12-21 William B Pruitt Blacksmith's tongs.
US1117026A (en) * 1913-06-20 1914-11-10 Josiah B Gathright Wrench.
US1330542A (en) * 1919-04-21 1920-02-10 Harry W Kulp Valve-spring lifter
GB215066A (en) * 1923-01-30 1924-04-30 Frederick Bunting Improvements in or relating to pliers, tongs and like gripping tools
US1608176A (en) * 1925-05-11 1926-11-23 Bridgeport Hardware Mfg Corp Valve-lifting tool
US2411733A (en) * 1944-05-31 1946-11-26 Henry C Kemmerlin Tubing expanding tool

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US653364A (en) * 1899-09-13 1900-07-10 Giovanni B Pittavino Pliers.
US943818A (en) * 1909-04-07 1909-12-21 William B Pruitt Blacksmith's tongs.
US1117026A (en) * 1913-06-20 1914-11-10 Josiah B Gathright Wrench.
US1330542A (en) * 1919-04-21 1920-02-10 Harry W Kulp Valve-spring lifter
GB215066A (en) * 1923-01-30 1924-04-30 Frederick Bunting Improvements in or relating to pliers, tongs and like gripping tools
US1608176A (en) * 1925-05-11 1926-11-23 Bridgeport Hardware Mfg Corp Valve-lifting tool
US2411733A (en) * 1944-05-31 1946-11-26 Henry C Kemmerlin Tubing expanding tool

Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2676505A (en) * 1950-03-28 1954-04-27 Austin G Goodnight Spreader wrench
DE959810C (en) * 1952-10-31 1957-03-14 Wetho Weisenburger Preferably, as a combination pliers formed Flachzange
US2688267A (en) * 1953-04-03 1954-09-07 Western Electric Co Holder for wire leads
US2737837A (en) * 1953-07-16 1956-03-13 Charles E Stillwell C-washer removing pliers
US3040420A (en) * 1960-01-12 1962-06-26 K D Mfg Co Snap ring pliers
US3371401A (en) * 1965-02-17 1968-03-05 Deguy Conge & Cie Pliers for external circlips
US3662449A (en) * 1969-12-01 1972-05-16 Seiichi Hashimoto Pliers
US3813750A (en) * 1972-09-19 1974-06-04 R Kerr Implement for manipulation of snap rings
US3990137A (en) * 1975-10-03 1976-11-09 Scientific Tool & Engineering Co. Parallel action pliers
DE3029314A1 (en) * 1980-03-24 1981-10-01 Taiyo Hatsujyo Seisakusho Kk HYDRAULIC COLLET FOR CIRCLIPS
FR2547233A1 (en) * 1983-06-07 1984-12-14 Murphy James Transformable clamps for holding a ring
US6257105B1 (en) * 1999-12-20 2001-07-10 Shuh-Sen Lin Reversible jaw snap ring pliers
US20080264216A1 (en) * 2004-06-14 2008-10-30 Seamus Duffy Snap Ring Pliers
US7055413B1 (en) * 2005-03-08 2006-06-06 Tien-Shui Wang Pair of pliers for snap rings
US9599164B1 (en) * 2006-01-27 2017-03-21 Temper Axle Products, Corporation Systems and methods for preloading a bearing
CN105299019A (en) * 2014-07-28 2016-02-03 泰科电子公司 Conical retention ring
EP3006163A1 (en) * 2014-10-08 2016-04-13 General Electric Company Spark plug electrode gap setting tool
US9431797B2 (en) 2014-10-08 2016-08-30 General Electric Company Spark plug electrode gap setting tool
US10532451B2 (en) 2016-03-16 2020-01-14 Temper Axle Products Corporation Systems and methods for preloading a bearing
US10100872B1 (en) 2017-04-07 2018-10-16 Templer Axle Products Corporation Systems and methods for preloading a bearing and aligning a lock nut
US10107331B1 (en) 2017-04-07 2018-10-23 Temper Axle Products Corporation Systems and methods for preloading a bearing and aligning a lock nut
US10151343B2 (en) 2017-04-07 2018-12-11 Temper Axle Products Corporation Systems and methods for preloading a bearing and aligning a lock nut
US10837489B2 (en) 2017-04-07 2020-11-17 Temper Axle Products Corporation Systems and methods for preloading a bearing and aligning a lock nut
US10718368B2 (en) 2017-08-08 2020-07-21 Temper Axle Products Corporation Lock nut with offset retaining ring

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