US2549918A - Sheet metal handling tool - Google Patents

Sheet metal handling tool Download PDF

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Publication number
US2549918A
US2549918A US601623A US60162345A US2549918A US 2549918 A US2549918 A US 2549918A US 601623 A US601623 A US 601623A US 60162345 A US60162345 A US 60162345A US 2549918 A US2549918 A US 2549918A
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United States
Prior art keywords
sheet
jaw
housing
tool
handle
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US601623A
Inventor
Joseph G Miller
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Joseph G Miller
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B5/00Clamps
    • B25B5/06Arrangements for positively actuating jaws
    • B25B5/08Arrangements for positively actuating jaws using cams
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B5/00Clamps
    • B25B5/16Details, e.g. jaws, jaw attachments
    • B25B5/163Jaws or jaw attachments
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S294/00Handling: hand and hoist-line implements
    • Y10S294/901Plate lifting clamp
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/44Clasp, clip, support-clamp, or required component thereof
    • Y10T24/44291Clasp, clip, support-clamp, or required component thereof including pivoted gripping member
    • Y10T24/44368Pivoted gripping member applies camming force

Description

April 24, 1951 J. G. MILLER 2,549,918

SHEET METAL HANDLING TOOL Filed June26,- 1945 2 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR. (fought; Miller HIIIIIIIIIIII-I April 24, 1951 J. G. MILLER SHEET METAL HANDLING TOOL 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed June 26, 1945 INVENTOR. Jos g h/ G, M Mar I [ll Q Patented Apr. 24, 1951 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE SHEET METAL HANDLING TOOL J sep G. Miller, Wilmington, Calif.

Application June 26, 1945, Serial No. 601,623

3 Claims.

This invention relates to material handling devices and pertains particularly to devices of a character to be carried in the hand for gripping and handling certain types of material.

In the handling of sheet metal particularly where such material is piled in stacks, considerable difliculty is experienced in lifting and removing the individual sheets from the stack and this operation is also attended by considerable danger to the workman as severely cut hands frequently result even though such sheets are handled with heavy gloves. At the present time a general practice is for the workman to separate the top sheet by the use of a screw-driver or similar implement so that the edge of the sheet may be grasped by the hand or use may be made of pliers to grip the sheet but this procedure is slow and may also result inv damaging the metal sheet.

The present invention has for its primary object to provide a novel conveniently handled device by which a workman may easily and quickly raise the edge of a top sheet of sheet metal from a stack and simultaneously engage the edge of the sheet in a gripper of which a handle forms a part and which the workman grasps thereby making it possible for the workman to raise the edge of the sheet and secure a hold upon it with out having to touch the sheet with his hands.

Another object of the invention is to provide a device having a camming gripper associated with a separating blade whereby when such blade is slipped under a metal sheet, the sheet will slide under the camming gripper between the gripper and the blade and will be securely held so that the sheet may be lifted and carried easily and without danger to the workman or possibility of damaging the sheet.

Another object is to provide a device for handling metal sheets, metal cylinders or other bodies of sheet metal, which may be constructed to have the handle portion disposed in any one of several different positions depending upon the character of the material being handled, and so designed that it may be made strong and durable without at the same time having excessive weight or size.

The invention will be best understood from a consideration of the following detailed description taken in connection with the accompanying drawing forming a part of the specification, with the understanding, however, that the invention may be changed or modified so long as such changes or modifications mark no material departure from the salient features of the invention as expressed in the appended claims.

In the drawings: I

Figure 1 is a view in side elevation of an embodiment of a tool constructed in accordance with the present invention.

Figure 2 is a view in top plan 0f the tool.

Figure 3 is a sectional view taken substantially on the line 33 of Figure 2.

Figure 4 is a sectional view taken on the line 4-4 of Figure 1.

Figure 5 is a sectional view taken substantially on the line 5-5 of Figure 3.

Figure 6 is a View in side elevation of the rear portion of another embodiment of the tool.

Figure '7 is a view in side elevation of still another embodiment of the tool.

Figure 8 is a view in top plan of the embodi-- ment of Figure 7.

Figure 9 is a view in longitudinal section on an: enlarged scale through a portion of the structure of Figure 7.

Referring now more particularly to the draw-- ings wherein like numerals of reference designate corresponding parts throughout the several views the numeral I0 generally designates the: body of the sheet metal gripping and handling; tool.

wall I2 and the bottom wall [3.

The top wall of the housing may be trans-- versely rounded as indicated at M or formed in; any other suitable manner and within the housing means is provided, in the form of the longitudinally extending metal bodies or strips 15 car-- ried by the opposite side walls I I, for cooperation with the top wall M to form a longitudinally extending cylindrical chamber IS in which is housed a compression spring [1. The parts [5 which combine to form the lower part of the spring cylinder, are spaced apart upon the longitudinal center of the housing to form a jaw guide It.

The side walls 9 i of the housing are preferably of greater length at the lower or bottom edges than at the top so that the body of the tool tapers off toward the rear end.

Secured to the rear end of the bottom wall [3 and to the adjacent portions of the side walls, is the hand grip l9 which is here shown as being in the form of a ring or loop through which the fingers of the hand may be passed so that a firm grip can be maintained upon the tool,

The bottom wall I3 is extended a substantial distance beyond the front end or front wall 12 of thehousing and is gradually reduced-inthick- This body is in the form of a box or hous ing, having the spaced side walls II, the front.

3 hess and also slightly reduced in width to form the relatively sharp blade designed for easy introduction or insertion between two steel sheets of a stack of sheet metal material.

The front and side walls I2 and H respectively are cut out along a plane paralleling the blade and in the plane of the top surface of the blade to form the slot 2|. This slot extends through the major extent of the length of the housing i0 as shown and is of the necessary width to receive sheet metal of the thickness or gage which the tool is designed to handle.

Extending transversely through the housing, through the side walls H, is a pivot, pin or bolt 22 and disposed within the housing and having the pivot bolt 22 passing therethrough, is a jaw 23 which has the eccentric toothedeamming edge or face 24 which, upon oscillation of the jaw upon the pivot bolt, moves into close proximity to or contact with, and away from, the top surface of the bottom wall [3 in the area covered by the metal plate extended into the slot 2-! as shown in Figure 3. In other words, the pivot; 22. is so positioned that the eccentric face 24 of the clamping jaw will be disposed forwardly of theclosed or rear end of the slot 2! o that any sheetof material introduced into the slot will be frictionally engaged between the top surface of the" blade or, in other words, the top of the wall I3, and the toothed, edge face of the jaw.

The rear end of the housing is open and the jaw 23- has formed integral therewith the actuating arm 25 which extends-through the open rear endportion of the housing to a position relative to the handle 19, where it may bereadily engaged by the, user of the; tool to affect desired oscillation of the jaw.

As hown in Figure 3, the portion of the jaw lying above the opening 26, through which the pivot. bolt 22 passes, extendings into the spring guide I16 and the portion extending intothe guide is formed to provide a stop shoulder 27 against which one end of the spring l'lbears. This stop shoulder faces, the front end of thetool and they spring is interposed between the shoulder and the front wall :2 so that the action of the spring is to oscillate the gripping jaw in a direction to move the jaw face 26: toward or in contact with the opposing bottom wall l3.

From the foregoing it will be readily apparent that since the jaw face is normally inv contact with: the inner surface, of the bottom Wall 53' which constitutes a fixed jaw, when the point of the blade 23 is introduced between a metal sheet lying upon the top of a stack, and the next'underlying sheet, the edge of such top sheet will be forced into the slot 2| between the fixed and'movable jaws and will be immediately engaged and held against withdrawal from the slot. Theuserof the tool may then readily lift the sheet or slide it from the stack and where large sheets are em-- ployed requiring theservices of two handlers, one at each of opposite sides of the large sheet, such sheet may be easily picked up by the handlers, through the medium of the gripping tools, and shifted to the desired new location.

While therev has been illustrated an embodiment of the invention wherein the handle loop 19 isdisposed transversely of the tool in the plane of the blade 29 it will be readily apparent that this handle loop may be disposed perpendicular to such plane if desired or it may be disposed as shown in Figure 6' to extend obliquely of." the length of the blade in a plane perpendicular to the-t'opsurfarte. ofthe bladesothat oneside; of

the loop may enter the top of the housing as indicated at 28 while the lower part of the loop, as indicated at 29, may enter the lower tapered end portion of the housing. In this form of construction the lever portion of the jaw, here designated 30, extends into the handle loop, such handle loop .being designated 3|, so that the actuation of the jaw may be conveniently made by the use of a finger of the hand grasping the handle.

A heavier model of the tool may be provided for handling the heavier gage sheet 'metal or sheet steel wherein, as shown in Figures '7 to 9, the rear portion of the; jaw housing, designated 32, has formed as an integral extension of the bottom W211 33", the relatively long rearwardly extending arm 34 which at its rear end joins the transversely extending handle 35. Adjacent to the handle 35 there is pivotally mounted the jaw control lever or handle 36 which is joined to the actuating or; pul-lrrod 31', which is mounted: upon the arm". 34 and retained: in position thereon by the guides 38.

Adjacent, to oneof'the guides 38 'the rodicarries the collar between, which and the adjacent guide'isa spring, dfil which normally urges the rod to move toward the jaw housing 32'. The oscil latabl'ejaw which is pivotally mounted in the housing 32? and which, like the jaw 23, has a rearwardly extending, arm here designated 41', is provided with a, pivotpin slot 42,- adjacent to itslfree end, in which is engaged the pin 13 which is carried'at one, end of a: couplinglinkt ll The other end of this link. extends forwardly into the housing, under the arm ti, when the jaw hasbeen oscillated into close proximity with the fixedjaw portion'ss, and is pivotal-ly attached as at 15, tothe for-Ward end of, the actuating rod 3?.

The slot 12 allows for the necessary lost motion, of the jaw to permit a sheetof material to be slipped in between the. gripping edge or: face of, the jaw and thefixed jaw and blade forming portion and when it is desired'to oscillate? the jawpositiyely in order to release a sheet of material, the spring. restrained rod 3:? is pulled rearwardly toward: the handle 35 thereby straightening out the link 34 to a position where it is substantially perpendicular to the arm- 34: andaccordingly oscillating the jaw to thenecessary extent to open the tool;

The oscillatory: movement of the jaw may be controlledor limited by arranging. the top edge wall'of the housing so'that the arm t! will strike the rear end ofsuch wall although this construction is not essential;

From the foregoing. it will be: readily apparent that thetool of the, present invention; providesa simple, easily handled and safe means of lifting v and-transporting sheet-metal material by means of which the handlers ofsuch material are enabledto perform their dutiesinore quickly'and with greater. ease. than heretofore and without the hazards attendant upon the handling of such sheets by, the. present methods.

I claim:

1. A sheet material handling tool, comprising a body having a handle arm integral therewith, a fixed gripping jaw forming a part of said body, a nzovablejaw eccentrically pivotall y supported upon the body'ior movement relative to the fixed jaw, ahla defelement forming afixed extension of the-fixed jaw and adapted tofacilitate the raising-'of anedge'of a sheet of material and its insertion into positionbetween the-jaws, an arm'- forming: anzintegralextension as. the movable jaw, spring means normally urging oscillation of the movable jaw into gripping relation with the fixed jaw, a reciprocable rod supported upon the handle arm, a link connection between an end of the reciprocable rod and the movable jaw arm, and spring means operatively coupled between the rod and the handle arm and urging movement of the rod in a direction to cooperate with the action of the first spring in urging the movable jaw -into gripping relation with the fixed jaw.

2. A sheet metal handling tool, comprising a relatively long, relatively flat housing having a longitudinal edge wall extended at one end to form a blade, the housing having a slot formed longitudinally thereof from the end from which the blade extends, through a portion of the length of the housing and in the plane of the top side of the extended wall, to receive an edge of a sheet of material, a handle connected with the opposite end of the housing, the said longitudinal wall constituting a fixed gripping jaw, a movable jaw supported within the housing and extending across the slot for coaction with the fixed jaw, yieldable means within the housing normally urging movement of the movable jaw toward the fixed jaw, and means connected with the movable jaw facilitating its actuation against the action of the movement urging means.

3. In a sheet metal handling tool, a sheet separating blade, a handle of elongated loop form extending crosswise of the rear end of said blade, flanges rising from opposite sides of the rear end portion of said blade and having their rear end edges upwardly and forwardly angled, a wall 6 connecting the top edges of said flanges forwardly of the angled rear ends thereof, a second wall connecting the front end edges of said flanges and said top wall, the lower edges of the forward portions of said flanges and the like edge of said second wall being spaced above the underlying portion of said blade to receive an edge portion of a sheet therebetween, a cam element pivoted between said flanges below the first wall, serrations formed along the working surface of said cam element, an actuating handle extending rearwardly from said cam and projecting outwardly from between the angled rear ends of said flanges, another wall extending inwardly from said second wall below the first wall to form a recess therebetween a lug formed on said cam element, and a coil spring seated in said recess and bearing against said lug to maintain the cam element in its sheet gripping position.

JOSEPH G. MILLER.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file or" this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,345,930 Jones et al July 6, 1920 1,418,554 Foetisch June 6, 1922 1,457,238 Vergote May 29, 1923 1,760,885 Prelesnik June 3, 1930 1,976,848 Ham Oct. 16, 1934 2,250,836 Landers July 29, 1941 2,370,411 Monaco Feb. 27, 1945 2,446,610 Renfroe Aug. 10, 1948

US601623A 1945-06-26 1945-06-26 Sheet metal handling tool Expired - Lifetime US2549918A (en)

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Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2776856A (en) * 1954-05-12 1957-01-08 George O Ingram Material handling and carrying device
US2791460A (en) * 1953-11-13 1957-05-07 United States Steel Corp Hand tool for feeding strip to a rolling mill
US2795433A (en) * 1954-04-09 1957-06-11 Edward J Moriarty Hand truck
US2852300A (en) * 1954-04-07 1958-09-16 Merrill Brothers Positive grip lifting clamp with direct hand lock
US2923565A (en) * 1957-11-27 1960-02-02 Philips B Morrissy Automatic sliding lock
US3017214A (en) * 1959-09-04 1962-01-16 Ernest H Pape Lifting and carrying device
US3071406A (en) * 1955-03-30 1963-01-01 Jr Laurence H Lucker Plate clamps
US3336068A (en) * 1965-06-15 1967-08-15 Renfroe & Sons J C Lifting clamp
US3524670A (en) * 1968-04-24 1970-08-18 Ratomir Ilich Sheet material carrier
US4349225A (en) * 1980-08-26 1982-09-14 Collins Darryl L Sheet gripping and handling device
US5380055A (en) * 1993-04-07 1995-01-10 Suarez; Roderick A. Sheet material puller
EP0908402A1 (en) * 1997-10-07 1999-04-14 Systronic Maschinenbau GmbH Gripper for sheet-like articles
WO2000071304A1 (en) * 1999-05-25 2000-11-30 John Moscone Doctor blade extractor
US6220638B1 (en) * 2000-01-13 2001-04-24 John Carroll Carrying assembly and method of use thereof
US20090049724A1 (en) * 2005-02-16 2009-02-26 Joalpe Industria De Expositores, S.A. Tag-Holder, Such As In Particular for Displaying an Electronic Price Tag
US9114932B1 (en) * 2015-02-09 2015-08-25 Eric L. Majni Sheet material carrying device
US20150321851A1 (en) * 2014-05-09 2015-11-12 Herbert Kannegiesser Gmbh Clamp for an item of laundry

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1345930A (en) * 1919-09-18 1920-07-06 Jones Arthur Wakefield Grip for handling slabs, bars, billets, or other material
US1418554A (en) * 1921-03-16 1922-06-06 Foetisch Ernest Adolph Implement for removing separators from storage batteries
US1457238A (en) * 1922-01-24 1923-05-29 Vergote Gustave Can lifter and ice tongs
US1760885A (en) * 1928-02-08 1930-06-03 Prelesnik Anton Gripping device
US1976848A (en) * 1933-06-14 1934-10-16 Ham Asa Gripping mechanism
US2250836A (en) * 1940-05-27 1941-07-29 Raymond H Landers Pipe clamp
US2370411A (en) * 1944-05-19 1945-02-27 Monaco Otino Grapple
US2446610A (en) * 1946-08-10 1948-08-10 Joseph C Renfroe Plate lifting clamp

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1345930A (en) * 1919-09-18 1920-07-06 Jones Arthur Wakefield Grip for handling slabs, bars, billets, or other material
US1418554A (en) * 1921-03-16 1922-06-06 Foetisch Ernest Adolph Implement for removing separators from storage batteries
US1457238A (en) * 1922-01-24 1923-05-29 Vergote Gustave Can lifter and ice tongs
US1760885A (en) * 1928-02-08 1930-06-03 Prelesnik Anton Gripping device
US1976848A (en) * 1933-06-14 1934-10-16 Ham Asa Gripping mechanism
US2250836A (en) * 1940-05-27 1941-07-29 Raymond H Landers Pipe clamp
US2370411A (en) * 1944-05-19 1945-02-27 Monaco Otino Grapple
US2446610A (en) * 1946-08-10 1948-08-10 Joseph C Renfroe Plate lifting clamp

Cited By (20)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2791460A (en) * 1953-11-13 1957-05-07 United States Steel Corp Hand tool for feeding strip to a rolling mill
US2852300A (en) * 1954-04-07 1958-09-16 Merrill Brothers Positive grip lifting clamp with direct hand lock
US2795433A (en) * 1954-04-09 1957-06-11 Edward J Moriarty Hand truck
US2776856A (en) * 1954-05-12 1957-01-08 George O Ingram Material handling and carrying device
US3071406A (en) * 1955-03-30 1963-01-01 Jr Laurence H Lucker Plate clamps
US2923565A (en) * 1957-11-27 1960-02-02 Philips B Morrissy Automatic sliding lock
US3017214A (en) * 1959-09-04 1962-01-16 Ernest H Pape Lifting and carrying device
US3336068A (en) * 1965-06-15 1967-08-15 Renfroe & Sons J C Lifting clamp
US3524670A (en) * 1968-04-24 1970-08-18 Ratomir Ilich Sheet material carrier
US4349225A (en) * 1980-08-26 1982-09-14 Collins Darryl L Sheet gripping and handling device
US5380055A (en) * 1993-04-07 1995-01-10 Suarez; Roderick A. Sheet material puller
US6086126A (en) * 1997-07-10 2000-07-11 Systronic Maschinen Gmbh Gripper for flat components
EP0908402A1 (en) * 1997-10-07 1999-04-14 Systronic Maschinenbau GmbH Gripper for sheet-like articles
WO2000071304A1 (en) * 1999-05-25 2000-11-30 John Moscone Doctor blade extractor
US6389669B1 (en) 1999-05-25 2002-05-21 John Moscone Doctor blade extractor
US6220638B1 (en) * 2000-01-13 2001-04-24 John Carroll Carrying assembly and method of use thereof
US20090049724A1 (en) * 2005-02-16 2009-02-26 Joalpe Industria De Expositores, S.A. Tag-Holder, Such As In Particular for Displaying an Electronic Price Tag
US20150321851A1 (en) * 2014-05-09 2015-11-12 Herbert Kannegiesser Gmbh Clamp for an item of laundry
US9630780B2 (en) * 2014-05-09 2017-04-25 Herbert Kannegiesser Gmbh Clamp for an item of laundry
US9114932B1 (en) * 2015-02-09 2015-08-25 Eric L. Majni Sheet material carrying device

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