US2547446A - Adjustable seat - Google Patents

Adjustable seat Download PDF

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Publication number
US2547446A
US2547446A US583262A US58326245A US2547446A US 2547446 A US2547446 A US 2547446A US 583262 A US583262 A US 583262A US 58326245 A US58326245 A US 58326245A US 2547446 A US2547446 A US 2547446A
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Prior art keywords
seat
arm
pin
rod
forwardly
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Expired - Lifetime
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US583262A
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Walter B Dean
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Heywood Wakefield Co
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Heywood Wakefield Co
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Priority to US583262A priority Critical patent/US2547446A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61DBODY DETAILS OR KINDS OF RAILWAY VEHICLES
    • B61D33/00Seats
    • B61D33/0057Seats characterised by their mounting in vehicles
    • B61D33/0078Seats characterised by their mounting in vehicles adjustably mounted

Description

W. B. DEAN ADJUSTABLE SEAT A r-i1 3, 1951 2 Sheets-Sheet l Eiled March 17, 1945 INVENTOR WaPEerB. Dean.
, l Gun/L57 ATTORNEY W. B. DEAN ADJUSTABLE SEAT Aprili 3, 1951 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed March 17, 1945 H mm M W m B 11w TA d W D Y.
Patented Apr. 3, 1951 .UNITED TATES PATENT OFFICE Walter E. Dean, Narberth, Pa., assignor, by mesne assignments, to Heywood-Wakefield Company, Gardner, Mass, a corporation of Massachusetts Application March 17, 1945, Serial No. 583,262
This invention relates to. adjustable. seats, particularly to seats. adapted to be used in railway cars, and has for an object the provision of improvements in this art. The adjustable seats to which the invention relates are often also called reclining seatsv or chairs.
One of the particular objects of the invention is to provide a seat having an adjustable cushion and back capable of assuming a number of comfortable positions.
Another object is to provide simple, easily operated mechanism for adjusting the seat,
' Another object is to provide a cushion which can be readily raisedto provide access to the space therebelow;
Another object is to provide seat adjusting means which maintains. the. front edge of the seat at, approximately constant height in all adjusted positions...
Another object is to provide anchorage means which permits quick replacement of the. entire seat.
Another object is to. provide support for the seat from the side Walls, leaving the floor space clear.
The above and other objects. of the invention will, be apparent from the following description of an exemplary embodiment, reference being made to the accompanying drawings, wherein:
Figure 1 is a vertical longitudinal section through several adjacent compartments, showing the. accessories in different positions in different compartments; 1
Figure 2 is a'perspective view of the seat supporting framework with the seat shown in phantom lines; and
Figure 3 is a perspective view of a frame joint connection.
The chair, as particularly shown in Fig. 1 of the drawings, comprises a seat I and back 2, the upper portion of the back being unsecured. As shown in the right hand portion of Fig. 1, the back 2 is adapted to rest upon a fixed support, such as the underside of the bed l2, when in its upright position. The seat I has, under its forward portion, a pair of webs Ill having suitable notches formed therein, for slidable engagement with the rod 9, the latter being fixed to supporting elements such as the walls of a railway compartment by means of suitable brackets 8.
The rear portion of the seat and lower portion of the back are pivotally connected together and are supported by a linkage frame which is likewise pivotally mounted, and is adapted both to carry the lower end of the back downward and forward as the seat is pulled forward, and to '2 Claims- (01. 155-116) maintain a substantially constant relationship between the seat and the back regardless of the angle of adjustment. This linkage assembly comprises a horizontally positioned bar [5 which has, at one end thereof, a portion 5 bent downward at right angles so as to extend vertically downwardly and is pivotally connected to a bi-' furcated bracket i, the latter being welded or otherwise being permanently secured to the rod base 9 by means of a pivot pin 6. An upwardly and forwardly curved arm 5" is rigidly secured to the vertical extension 5 of rod I5 by means of welding or the like. An arm 5a is rigidly secured to the other end of rod 15 in any suitable man her, the lower portion of arm 5a being pivotally connected to a wall bracket 7' by means of a pivot pin 6. 5a is also curved upwardly and forwardly as indicated in the drawings. A pairof inner arms 5?) are welded or otherwise secured to the rod I5 and are curved in a manner similar to the upper portion of arms 5' and 5a. A pair of horizontally extending pivot pins 3 are positioned between the end portions of the arms 5a and 5b, and arms 5 and 5b respectively. Arm rests I4 are mounted on said pivot pins 3.
The seat I is slidably mounted on the base rod 9 as previously indicated, and the rear portion is secured to the linkage assembly by means of arms 4 which are rigidly connected to the lower rear portion of seat i. The arms 4 extend at first rearwardly and upwardly from the seat and then. are curved' forwardly as illustrated, their upper ends being secured to the aforementioned pivot pins 3,
The reason for curving arms 4 and arms 5, 5', 5a and 5b as described is principally to provide depth of cushioning in the area of adjacency between the seat I and back 2 while at the same time providing transverse rigidity for the linkage assembly. If the links did not curve to the rear, bar [5 would have to pass through an important cushion support area.
The upper end of the back 2 leans back against a fixed support and is slidable therewith as previously indicated and its lower portion is mounted on the inner ends of pins 3 by means of suitable sockets (not shown) in the frame of the said back 2. The back is urged rearwardly at all times by a torsion spring rod l6 which is secured to the compartment wall at I 8 and to the lower end of the back 2 at [1.
It is to be noted that the pivot axis of pins 3 is above the lower end of the back 2 and as a result, when the linkage assembly is pivoted forward to carry the back 2 into a more reclined position, the lower end of the back does not open away from the rear end of the seat but rather maintains a firm supporting position.
When the bed I2 is in use, as shown in the left hand view of Fig. 1, the back 2 is folded downwardly in contact with the seat I about the pivot pins 3, thereby providing ample space to position the bed I2 in a suitable horizontal plane. When the bed I2 is not in use, it may be raised to a vertical position as shown in the right hand side of Fig. 1, and the back 2 will rise accordingly by the spring action of rod spring I6. In the position shown in the right hand side of Fig. 1, the chair is in its normal upright position. When it is desired to position the seat or chair in a reclining position, the forward edge of the seat I may be raised to disengage the notches of the webs I0 from the base rod 9 and thereafter the seat I may be pulled forwardly in slidable relation with the rod 9 so as to assume the position shown in the left hand portion of Fig. 1.
The seat I, back 2 and linkage assembly may be removed from the compartment as a single unit and are only connected to the supporting structure by pivot pins 6. Asuitable adaptation for such pivoted supporting structure is shown in Fig. 3 and includes a bifurcated bracket I, perforated to receive pin 6 which also passes through a perforation in lower extension 28 of arm 5. The pin 6 is mounted on the end of a plunger 2I which is slidable within a tubular spring housing 20 mounted on one side of bifurcated bracket I. A coiled compression spring 22 is located Within housing 20 and bears against the inner end of pin 6, urging it outwardly. A stop pin 23, is mounted on plunger 2|, when seated in slot 24, serves to limit plunger 2i at the point where pin 6 is fully engaged. A cross pin 25 is mounted on the end of plunger 2| to provide a handle for disengaging the same.
The forward movement of the linkage assembly is limited by a stop I3 mounted on arm 5, and the rearward motion of the seat I is limited by a pin 8" mounted on bar 9. The pin 8" engages the lower portion of the seat I when in its rearmost position as shown by dotted lines in Fig. 2.
Having thus described and disclosed a preferred embodiment of my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is:
1. A vehicle recliner chair comprising a rigid base, a seat mounted on said base in sliding relationshlp therewith, a back, a stationary support for the upper portion of said back, said back being slidable relative to said support, and means for supporting the lower portion of said back adjacent to the rear portion of said seat and the rear portion of said seat on said base so that, when said seat is moved forwardly relative to said base, the lower portion of said back will move downwardly and forwardly without creating a gap between said seat and back, said means including an arm rigidly secured to said seat and extending upwardly from the rear portion thereof, the upper portion of said arm being pivotally connected to said back at a point above the bottom portion thereof so as to suspend the rear portion of said seat under the lower portion of said back, and a link structure having a lower end connected to said base about a fixed pivot and its upper end pivotally connected to said back at the pivot axis of said arm and back connection, whereby said back will move downwardly and the lower portion thereof will move forwardly when said seat is moved forwardly relative to said base.
2. A vehicle recliner chair as defined in claim 1 wherein said arm and said link are curved forwardly adjacent their upper ends.
WALTER B. DEAN.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS France June 11, 1934
US583262A 1945-03-17 1945-03-17 Adjustable seat Expired - Lifetime US2547446A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE957452C (en) * 1952-03-12 1957-01-31 Ford Werke Ag Device for converting a passenger car to carry loads
DE1086130B (en) * 1959-03-04 1960-07-28 Hamburger Flugzeugbau Gmbh Seat, especially the passenger seat
US3802738A (en) * 1970-08-21 1974-04-09 Rohr Corp Cantilevered seat
US3874724A (en) * 1972-02-01 1975-04-01 Dual Mfg & Eng Reclining chair
US20040003463A1 (en) * 2000-08-04 2004-01-08 Sture Kjellberg Combination fo chair and bed
US20050173959A1 (en) * 2003-09-10 2005-08-11 Markus-Claus Kuebler Adjusting mechanism for a rear seat of a vehicle

Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US259504A (en) * 1882-06-13 Adjustable chair
US1240192A (en) * 1917-06-02 1917-09-18 Will R French Automobile-seat.
US1510376A (en) * 1921-09-16 1924-09-30 Eugene Berninghaus Company Surgical and dental chair
US1609746A (en) * 1923-04-07 1926-12-07 Vittone Pietro Sofa bed
DE568702C (en) * 1933-01-23 Wilhelm Hase armchair
FR758281A (en) * 1932-07-12 1934-01-13 Armchair-chaise-longue
FR769785A (en) * 1934-03-07 1934-09-01 Armchair forming a rest chair
US2047682A (en) * 1933-10-24 1936-07-14 Whedon Inc Seat construction
US2164918A (en) * 1937-06-09 1939-07-04 Hard Merrill Wilkins Theater chair
US2270172A (en) * 1937-07-05 1942-01-13 Ruegger Andre Vehicle seat
US2270576A (en) * 1938-12-17 1942-01-20 Joseph D Bell Divan bed
US2291677A (en) * 1940-06-14 1942-08-04 Sylvia Bank Furniture
US2337557A (en) * 1940-07-31 1943-12-28 Pullman Co Armrest

Patent Citations (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US259504A (en) * 1882-06-13 Adjustable chair
DE568702C (en) * 1933-01-23 Wilhelm Hase armchair
US1240192A (en) * 1917-06-02 1917-09-18 Will R French Automobile-seat.
US1510376A (en) * 1921-09-16 1924-09-30 Eugene Berninghaus Company Surgical and dental chair
US1609746A (en) * 1923-04-07 1926-12-07 Vittone Pietro Sofa bed
FR758281A (en) * 1932-07-12 1934-01-13 Armchair-chaise-longue
US2047682A (en) * 1933-10-24 1936-07-14 Whedon Inc Seat construction
FR769785A (en) * 1934-03-07 1934-09-01 Armchair forming a rest chair
US2164918A (en) * 1937-06-09 1939-07-04 Hard Merrill Wilkins Theater chair
US2270172A (en) * 1937-07-05 1942-01-13 Ruegger Andre Vehicle seat
US2270576A (en) * 1938-12-17 1942-01-20 Joseph D Bell Divan bed
US2291677A (en) * 1940-06-14 1942-08-04 Sylvia Bank Furniture
US2337557A (en) * 1940-07-31 1943-12-28 Pullman Co Armrest

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE957452C (en) * 1952-03-12 1957-01-31 Ford Werke Ag Device for converting a passenger car to carry loads
DE1086130B (en) * 1959-03-04 1960-07-28 Hamburger Flugzeugbau Gmbh Seat, especially the passenger seat
US3802738A (en) * 1970-08-21 1974-04-09 Rohr Corp Cantilevered seat
US3874724A (en) * 1972-02-01 1975-04-01 Dual Mfg & Eng Reclining chair
USRE29483E (en) * 1972-02-01 1977-11-29 Dual Manufacturing And Engineering, Incorporated Reclining chair
US20040003463A1 (en) * 2000-08-04 2004-01-08 Sture Kjellberg Combination fo chair and bed
US6845531B2 (en) * 2000-08-04 2005-01-25 Volvo Lastvagnar Ab Combination for chair and bed
US20050173959A1 (en) * 2003-09-10 2005-08-11 Markus-Claus Kuebler Adjusting mechanism for a rear seat of a vehicle
US7431398B2 (en) * 2003-09-10 2008-10-07 Dr. Ing. H.C.F. Porsche Aktiengesellschaft Adjusting mechanism for a rear seat of a vehicle

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