US2544879A - Film metering double exposure prevention camera - Google Patents

Film metering double exposure prevention camera Download PDF

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US2544879A
US2544879A US774804A US77480447A US2544879A US 2544879 A US2544879 A US 2544879A US 774804 A US774804 A US 774804A US 77480447 A US77480447 A US 77480447A US 2544879 A US2544879 A US 2544879A
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film
ratchet wheel
pawl
camera
stop
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US774804A
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Douglass C Harvey
Edgar S Marvin
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Eastman Kodak Co
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Eastman Kodak Co
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ANALOGOUS TECHNIQUES USING WAVES OTHER THAN OPTICAL WAVES; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
    • G03BAPPARATUS OR ARRANGEMENTS FOR TAKING PHOTOGRAPHS OR FOR PROJECTING OR VIEWING THEM; APPARATUS OR ARRANGEMENTS EMPLOYING ANALOGOUS TECHNIQUES USING WAVES OTHER THAN OPTICAL WAVES; ACCESSORIES THEREFOR
    • G03B17/00Details of cameras or camera bodies; Accessories therefor
    • G03B17/42Interlocking between shutter operation and advance of film or change of plate or cut-film

Description

March 13, D c, HARVEY ET L FILM METERING DOUBLE EXPOSURE PREVENTION CAMERA Filed Sept. 18, 1947 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 DOUGLASS c. HARVEY EDGAR S MARVIN 4 INVENTORS March 13, 1951 D. c. HARVEY ET AL 2,544,879
FILM METERING DOUBLE EXPUSURE PREVENTION CAMERA Filed Sept. 18, 1947 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 FIG.6.
37 56 DOUGLASS c. HARVEY EDGAR s. MARVIN INVENTORS M m @M,
ATTORNEYJ BY MZKM Patented Mar. 13.1951
FILM METERING DOUBLE EXPOSURE PREVENTION CAMERA Douglass 0. Harvey and Edgar S. Marvin, Rochester, N. Y., assignors to Eastman Kodak Company, Rochester, N. 1., a corporation of New Jersey Application September 18, 1947, Serial No. 774,804
9 Claims.
1 l v .This invention relates to photography and more particularly to cameras of the roll-film type. One object of our invention is to pro- -.vide a simple and efficient film-metering device. Another object of our invention is to provide a film-metering device which both indicates the numberof exposures taken and which also controls the operation of the film wind to meter the :required amount of film for each exposure. A still further object of our invention is to pro- .1 vide a mechanism for metering film which per.- -mits the uninterrupted winding of the tail strip of ifilm-backing paper after all of the films have been exposed. Still another-object of our in- --vefntion is to provide a mechanism of the class described in which a means for preventing double exposures may be included. A still further object of our invention is to provide a drive for-mechanism of the type described above which imposes only an extremely light load on the film which drives the mechanism. Other objects will appear from the following specification, the novel features being particularly pointed out in .1 the claims at the end thereof.
' .Many cameras have been constructed with means for indicating the number of exposures made and with metering devices including double-exposure prevention mechanism, but it is extremely diflicult to provide such a mechanism which is entirely reliable. One of the primary 1 reasons, for failure .of many of such mechanisms :is that where the film movement is the prime moved of the mechanism-it frequently happens .that too great a load is placed on the film, and ;the wheel which drives the film can readily be made to tear it. One of. the primary objects fOf our invention is to provide a mechanism which imposes extremely little load on the film, and to providea mechanism which can be readily made to operate satisfactorily without the usual close ;tol rances on thepar .v This application is, a continuation-in-part of my; .copending application Serial No. 701,386, riled October. i, 1946.;now abandoned.
Coming now to the drawings wherein like reference characters denote like parts throughout: Fig.-1' is; a, top plan view of a typical camera which maybe constructed in accordance with and-.embodyingone form of our invention;
Fig. 2 ayview similar to Fig. 1 but with the 2 cover plate for some of the mechanism removed, and with the parts in the position they may assume after an exposure has been made;
Fig. 3 is a view similar to Fig. 2 but with the parts in the position they assume after a fresh film has been wound into position for exposure;
Fig. 4 is a fragmentary detail section through the shutter release before an exposure is made;
Fig. 5 is a View similar to Fig. 4 but with the shutter release in a locked condition after an exposure has been made; i
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary sectional view through a portion of the camera showing the ratchet drive mechanism; I 'l Fig. 7 is a fragmentary sectional view showing parts of the camera in elevation, and showing the ratchet drive and metering mechanism;
Fig. 8 is a fragmentary detail showing an elevation of the ratchet, pawl for driving the ratchet, and the backlash pawl;
Fig. 9 is a fragmentary view showing the driving pawl in idling position with respect to the ratchet; 1 r r Fig. 10 is a plan view of the metering notched disk with the film-wind control lever in aninoperative position to permit film winding;
Fig. 11 is a view similar to Fig. 10 but with the notched disk ma position to latch the film- Winding knob against movement; and
Fig. 12 is a view similar to Figs; 10 and 11 with the parts in an intermediate position while the film is in the process of being wound.
Our invention comprises broadly providing a film-metering device by. which exposure areas of film, passing over the exposure frame, maybe accurately controlled to the required amount. This mechanism may be used as a film counter in addition to controlling the amount of film, and it may also be included as a part of a doubleexposure prevention device with which it may be readily incorporated. H 4 v -In the embodimentof our invention illustrated, the camera may include a body portion .l to which a camera bed 2 may be hinged at 3 to fold to-andfrom an open, or picture-taking, position. The bed 2 may include brackets 4, supporting studs 5 which carry bed braces 8, and if the camera is of the self-erecting type it may also include links I which extend to the lens board of the camera in a well-known manner,
This lens board is, of course, connected to the camera body by a bellows 8. The camera, like most roll-film cameras, may include a film-supply chamber 9, an exposure frame it, and a take-up film chamber ii; there being a winding knob 12 carried on a shaft 13 passing into this take-up chamber, as best shown in Fig. 7. The shaft I3 may terminate in a web M to engage the usual slot in the film spool flange it"; for winding film F from the supply chamber 9 to the take up chamber ll during exposures. As thus far describe'dythe camera may be of any Well-known type.
Our invention includes applying the followin mechanism for metering film and for preventing which the above described is merely typical. The film F, being led fromthe supply chamber 9 to the take-up chamber I l, passes over a guide roll 16, best shown in Fig. 7; this guide roll having one or more toothed wheels ii for contacting with the film and for being turned by the film. Guide rolls it, through the toothed wheels l1, turn a shaft i8, which, in the present instance, carries adisk l9 from which a crank pin Zfl extends upwardly. As indicated in Figs. 8 and 9, the crank pin 'is eccentric of the shaft [8 and is for oscillating a pawl 2i having a sharp tooth 22 adapted to engage the teeth 2.3 of a ratchet wheel 24. This ratchet wheel has teeth extending about the major part of its periphery, but there is an area 25 from which one or more 'teeth are removed, so that when the ratchet wheel has been turned by the pawl until the "mutilatedportion 25 is reached, the pawl can continue to oscillate, riding idly back and forth inthe mutilated portion of the ratchet wheel. The reason for this is that after all of the film areas have been advanced across the exposure area and the film has been completely exposed, the mutilated portion 25 of the ratchet wheel is reached so that further winding can continue uninterruptedly until the tail strip of the film, which is the backing paper extending beyond the end of the film, is completely wound on the takefupspoo 1, as will be hereinafter morefully de t. ,.l .1. H v.--. I x The backlash pawl 26 is pressed toward the "ratchet wheel 2:5 by means of a spring 2s so that 'a'toothfffmay engage the teeth 23 to prevent ,ounterclockwise movement or rearward move- -meht of the ratchet wheel.
The" ratchet wheel 24 may be keyed to a shaft Q0, this shaft turning with'the'ratchet wheel and also carrying a stop disk 3! and a dial disk32. A knob 33 for turning the shaft 3!] manually may alsobe carried on the outer end of the shaft 36.
*The stop disk 31 carries a plurality of notches :34, these notches being adapted to controla film- 'flwindlever 35. This lever, best shown in Figs. 2 and' 3,; iSQp iVoted at 36 to the" camera body and includes three arms; an arm '3"! which carries if sharp pawFlike point 33 which ispositioned to move to and from a ratchet wheel 39 carried on the *film-winding shaft-i3. Thus, the film 'Asec'ond arm on the lever 35 is the arm 49 which includes a beveled flange M, best shown ""in"Fig. -4I This-'flange is adapted to-move when a'shutter release 'butto'n42 is depressed so that thebeveled flange-43 rides onthe beveled-arm" double exposures to any roll-film camera,'.of.
is shown in Fig. 5.
4 M, thus camming the lever 40 in aclockwise direction about its pivot 36 to the extent shown in Fig. 5, in which position the release button 42 has been fully depressed and has been partially raised again by a spring S. The released trigger is returned through a portion of its stroke by spring S and into a position in which the release button 42 may be latched before returning to its uppermost position of Fig. 4 by the latching lever 45 also pivoted upon stud 36 and held by a spring 46 toward lever arrri'fdq'; This position A lug 41 limits the move- I ment of arm 45 towards lever arm'dll, and there is a part of arm 45--the flange 48which may ride on theeshaft is carrying the shutter release 42 until [the notch 56 is reached, at 'which time arm d8 may snap into the notch, as indicated in Fig. 5, to hold the push button 42 in a. de-
movement does not occur during the downward movement of the notch 50 because at that time lug M is still engaged by edge til of arm 40 and only after further downward movement is the edge 4% spaced from lug 41. Thus, when the trigger has been depressed, the lever 35 is rocked about its pivot 36, releasing the pawl 38 from be desired o Onneot the automatic mecha- The arm of lever 35 carrying the pawl 38 carries an upstanding lug 54 which is of a width to drop into one of the notches 34 of the notched stop disk 3i. When an exposure has been made and the film knob i2 is free'to turn, this lug 54 lies on a'smooth section'55 of the periphery of the notched stop disk 3|, as indicated in Fig. '12.
As the notched stop disk is' gradually turned,
through the strokes of pawl 2! moving the ratchet 'wheel '24 onestep'at a timethrough engagement with the teeth 23, the"stop disk-will turn and when the lug 5-! reaches the"'notch 34, it may drop therein under the influence of the spring 56, as indicated in Fig. 11, thus allowing thep'awl 38to drop into the ratchet 39"and stop the-film' winding movement. A spring 57 normally holds the pawl 2| toward the ratchet wheel-23;
It should bepointed out here" thationeof the reasons for providinga' short" stroke on the pawl 2! operatingthe ratch'et 23'is that-by. sod'oing, very little force is requiredtc" make the successive strokes of the pawl', and we have found that providing from four to six" "teeth same ratchet wheel 24 for each area of film to be moved,
the drag" on the film movihg 'the pinwheel H, the eccentric pin'Zii, andith'e 'pawlil, is entirely unnoticeable. The pa'wl therefore operates from four to six strokes eachtim'e' the notched stop dick 3! moves an angular"distancesufficient to Present the next adjacenthotch- 'in:"p'osition 'fto receive the lug 5d tostop'the'fllmwi-nding ihovmerit. we'have'rouedwseaa use atelier l6 without teeth 'or serrations 1 l l lbecause so little torque is required with thisljconstruction.
camera" is constructed-for eightfe'xposur'es) ffthe pawlfeaif hfiS the mutilhtfid portion- 15 5f the thereeh' re u hehs lvlie 'h l, 1 her 9 e po u e e eslh n ahrel sh that h m resh t e ,ls eb 2 ll ireh fi whee a s eeen smee ls e W W 3 the s ep aisl b on this :nq nt- 11i order to prevent the lug 54;;f -romagainfenter ingthe notch -3 4, which it just left after in session. o the el seibll- We pr id e h ee ah sm e rshe in is 1 nd latch fi n rnay-tur n onits pivotil and normally turned in a clockwise direction loy me anspf the spring fifi which-may'be hooked over lever ;35, as shown. -'Il 1 e; end of *thela-toh at 63 formed inwardly so --that it may 'lie in a -notch 34 and in its operative positionof Fig.-1'0 it engages a projection "Q4 on the arm 35 'topre- -vent th is arm from moving furtherin a counterc lo ck wise direction and to momentarily;ghol d filug 3514 out of anotch fl. JHOWCVBIZ 'it'WiH be obyious thatwhen-theparts are in a;-posi tion to operate t esh h i t l s ibhtt n v n wh n th s i l q h s een e ted. sh rlue 4 w :lie t r gt eneteh ahdi ef i he n thi t r e position, as shown in Fig. In this position i e awl 3 l awa .f em th hatch t '39, a he r fi As ithet th nlm ee howbe mei n the has H i t ned the n w! 2: en when fis iemer I smeves th ehe s e d l an h l sk eres s wl t la c .5 is emme :h th dish ,er s h l eutlwe 'el sh l h reie ii n '64 ma sn p eh n h :lateh s hd eetes 1.1 Ti f illse e ie th latch reaches its-Fig. 1 1 position; the notehed stop siishhes tur ed a ill st at s ini I g- :2 a suf ie em ,amehht ed tha th irs :54 .r ele eh-t .sm eth er ehee 5. 9 h '-lllsls ;s. ';t e1 h fsh t me he i eateh 1 release the h e e ii n 1 th i e 35 e he i' ehee t n .1 2 e h e -p e e he hehhee se 2 th :ser pher' 55- win ng ma .fre eeht m e with th :Fl :1 i 9 s e es and the illi g 5. dress int ha h s ihere autgi e eal sions hetfhe filmeeh l hsl hevehlehi h e. h heal & and stehe w ee Simu ta eeush w th the m emen of the lug 54 in the notch 34, the arm '48 isre- ,h red 39 th 2 9149 e the hus butt n :hee shselu 47 s s e 59' .e a 4 .e le i ahr mqres t i arm item the reh- Eh s'. 3..2.. slhe te d e edishh vi g the numemwsi ethe no nt 1.-
i seee f t a ie l ,ef lm. a ha sl r l is leaded t? th .s y .eh mher ,9 theh eklhe p h i h w the .eXse uAe heme .ehd t e ake-h .sh e is eees in the tales-h .ehszhher H wit the s i th ee saeih the d i ill fle l fi- Then '09? h hholdsthearm r 3 ef l v 5 he s eh sh wn in his s I I .iil' ll hum a aphe rs ih the hsh ls r hdethe he heishe rhh t l y used i el h m 'he hh b Luhtil t humera I pnn s t, .th e ire i h th leve 3 is neleese Ti s-ca a new eally fa t fir e e he- .ll r. h the ush h ts l 52 ve hs the le t i e hieh i .wh eh it t h d le eteh lls thet i h a um .4
i se e -Press d ese h he sha t- 9 eh' 'lu h iethehet i0 i y after hem hi l er me sed .s ew
h button .42 raises r he s- .If the when? does Q i -Y lfi mh ee t aseih he e s the "e a sel em his as es see; s th heee se t a ,6 is turned to-wind film. =During2the movementof the film F over the pinwheel l 'l the shaft I is rotated a plurality ofrevolutions, each revolution causing the pawl 2-1 to make-a short stroke, mov- =ing theratchet-wheel 23 the-distance-of one tooth. F6r=acomplete film area, we prefer to move the pawlfive or siX times so that the force necessary to accomplish this movement is extremelysli-ght and an undue load is-not imposed on the 'When the proper amount of film is wound, the lug 54 will drop'intoa notch 34 and, at the same time,-the paw1 3 8 will engage the ratchet3 9,-ha1ting'the winding movement. The dial gz illbe advanced -to indicate the number of exposures "made. In addition, when the film-wind mechanism is latched, the shutter release knob .42 is unlatchedthrough the engagement f-lug g] with arm 40 of thelever, as indicatedjin Fig.2 Thus, the knob 42 may move upwardly into its opera.-
-tive position, and the film will-be latched ag ng ea ne ed b n h e 7sme. film-s ed .eham e n m o win ng fi m emene spool to another across the exposure frame for exp sure. th m ns ieh w h s id film W d,
re s fil -measu rol er at on end p he es re, em ye h he film e .s s..,sa d elle swing turned b e film-a ldrivihg a 189G911- th ea e ned y h rol a o atab e sha harr b t cam a a tche whee mounte en t e sha o um therew th. a d he Wh being mess h th .e rihe h ve :io me i e t e h t he wh el b th p wl whe film i mo e a a e r .hy h shaft an h er b wi h he t h t whee be i s exp ur e srhe teeth o the atche wheel.
stroke pf the pawl, and diameter of :the a-film ro l be ete t adv e h .di on :hh h i r e h j e h ex osu a e of film ellhd e er t e t le a se ond ho d ng pawl i e Preventin the ra e iet wheel :f om movin :in
sh sl eet on. h ateh t .w eel i cludin an area ;m which there are 110 teeth, whereby said giriving-paxvlmaymove idly withoutactuating-the ratqhet wheel When the ratchet .wheel is moved.
. to present the 'toothlessarea to the driving pawl, -;a notched stop disk connected .to and movable with the ratchet wheel, ,a ratchet rvvheelon the film wind, a stoplever -.pivo,ta1ly .mounted .onwthe S hmfilfa and engaging the stop disk and when .erigaging -a notch thereof {to also engage the ratchet wheel ,on the film wind to stop movement thereof, and means for releasing :the stop lever.
2. -In a-roll.-ho1ding camer-aof the type including a camera :body, an exposure frame, .film spool chambers and means for .winding film .from one spool to another across the exposure frame for exposure, the combination with said film wind, 9f a lm-m h lns l a h e d o the exe u e f m ov whi a fi ass s. said roller f e n tur ed by t him. a d v n pawl .eeeentrically carried by the roll er, aflrotatable haft harr ed by he le ers a atche whe mounte on the shaft to turn therewith, said ratchet of the pawl, and diameter of the film roller being selected to advance the dial one number for each fresh exposure area of film wound over the roller, a second holding pawl for preventing the ratchel wheel from moving in one direction, the ratchet wheel including an area in which there are no teeth, whereby said driving pawl may move idly without actuating the ratchet wheel when the ratchet wheel is moved to present the toothless area to the driving pawl, a notched stop disc connected to and movable with the ratchet wheel, a ratchet wheel on the film wind, a stop lever pivotally mounted on the camera and engaging the stop disk and when engaging a notch thereof to also engage the ratchet wheel on the film wind to stop movement thereof, and means for releasing the stop lever comprising a shutter release lever movably mounted on the camera body and including a cam engaging the stop lever and moving the stop lever from a notch in the stop disk.
3. In a roll-holding camera of the type including a camera body, an exposure frame, film spool chambers and means for winding film from one spool to another across the exposure frame for exposure, the combination with said film wind, of a film-measuring roller at one end of the exposure frame over which a film passes, said roller being turned by the film, a driving pawl I eccentrically carried by the roller, a rotatable shaft carried by the camera a ratchet wheel mounted on the shaft to turn therewith, said ratchet wheel being engaged by the driving pawl for moving the ratchet wheel bythe pawl when film is moved, a. dial carried by the shaft and movable with the ratchet wheel and bearing exposure numbers, the teeth of the ratchet wheel, stroke of the pawl, and diameter of the film roller being selected to advance the dial one number for each fresh exposure area of film wound over the roller, a second holding pawl for preventing the ratchet wheel from moving in one direction,
' the ratchet wheel including an area in which ratchet wheel on the film wind to stop movement thereof, and means for releasing the stop lever comprising a shutter release lever movably mounted on the camera body and including-a cam engaging the stop lever and moving the stop lever from a notch in the stop disk, a spring tending to engage the stop lever and stop disk, and i a spring latch engaging the stop disk and the notches therein for engaging and holding the stop lever from the stop disk when resting in a notch in the stop disk.
- 4. .In a roll-holding camera of the type including a camera body, an exposure frame, film spool chambers and means for winding film from one spool to another across the exposure frame for exposure, the combination with said film wind, of a film-measuring roller at one end of the exposure frame over which a film passes, said roller being turned by the film, a driving pawl eccentricall carried by the roller, a rotatable shaft carried by the camera, a ratchet wheel mounted on the shaft to turn therewith, said ratchet wheel being engaged by the driving pawl for moving the ratchet wheel by the pawl when film is moved, a dial carried by the shaft and movable with the ratchet wheel and bearing exposure numbers, the teeth of the ratchet wheel, stroke of the pawl, and diameter of the film roller being selected to advance the dial one number for each fresh exposure area of film wound over the roller, a second holding pawl for preventing the ratchet wheel from moving in one direction, the ratchet wheel including an area in which there are no teeth, whereby said driving pawl may move idly without actuating the ratchet wheel when the ratchet wheel is moved to present the toothless area to the driving pawl, a notched stop disk connected to and movable with the ratchet wheel, a ratchet wheel on the film wind, a stop lever pivotally mounted on the camera and engaging the stop disk and when engaging a notch thereof to also engage the ratchet wheel on the film wind to stop movement thereof, and means for releasing the stop lever comprising a shutter release lever movably mounted on the camera body and including a cam engaging the stop lever and moving the stop lever from a notch in the stop disk, a spring tending to engage the stoplever'and stop disk, and a spring latch engaging the stop disk and the notches therein for engaging and holding the stop lever from the stop disk when resting in a notch in the stop disk,
the stop disk having a smooth periphery between V for exposure, the combination'with said film wind, of a film-measuring roller at one end of the exposure frame over which a film passes, said roller being turned by the film, a driving pawl eccentrically carried by the roller, a rotatable shaft carried by the camera, a ratchet wheel mounted on the shaft to turn therewith, said ratchet wheel being engaged by the driving pawl for moving the ratchet wheel by the pawl, when film is moved, a dial carried by the shaft and movable with the ratchet wheel and bearing exposure numbers, the teeth of the ratchet wheel.
stroke of the pawl, and diameter of the film roller being selected to advance the dial one numher for each fresh exposure area of film wound over the roller, a second holding pawl for preventing the ratchet wheel from moving in one direction, the ratchet wheel including an area in which there are no teeth, whereby said driving pawl may move idly without actuating the ratchet wheel when the ratchet wheel is moved to present the toothless area to the driving pawl, a notched stop disk connected to and movable with the ratchet wheel, a ratchet wheel on the film wind, a stop lever pivotally mounted on the camera and engaging the stop disk and when engaging a notch thereof to also engage the ratchet wheel on the film wind to stop movement thereof, and
means for releasing the stop lever, said notched stopdisk comprising a circular plate having a smooth periphery interrupted with notches extending inwardly, a lug on the stop lever for resting on the smooth periphery, the width of the notches being greater than the width of the lug to receive the lug as the stop lever moves to an engaging position relative to the ratchet wheel on the film wind.
6. In a roll-holding camera of the type including a camera body, an exposure frame, film spool chambersangl means for winding film from one spool to another across the exposure frame for exposure, the combination with said film wind, of a film:measuring roller at one end of the exposure frame over which a film passes, said roller being turned by the film, a driving pawl eccentrically carried by the roller, a rotatable shaft carried by the camera, a ratchet wheel mounted on the shaft to turn therewith, said ratchet being engaged by the driving pawl for moving the ratchet wheel b the pawl when film is moved, a dial carried by the shaft and movable with the ratchet Wheel and bearing exposure numbers, the teeth of the ratchet wheel, stroke of the pawl, and diameter of the film roller being selected to advance the dial one number for each fresh exposure area of film wound over the roller, 2, second holding pawl for preventing the ratchet wheel from moving in one direction, the ratchet wheel including an area in which there are no teeth, whereby said driving pawl may move idly without actuating the ratchet wheel when the ratchet wheel is moved to present the toothless area to the driving pawl, a notched stop disk connected to and movable with the ratchet wheel, a ratchet wheel on the film wind, a stop lever pivotally mounted on the camera and engaging the stop disk and when engaging a notch thereof to also engage the ratchet wheel on the film wind to stop movement thereof, and means for releas ing the stop lever, said means comprising a slotted trigger having a cam thereon, a trigger lever pivoted to the stop lever, a spring tending to move the trigger lever toward the stop lever and toward the slotted trigger to engage said slot when the trigger is moved to a predetermined position to hold the trigger against further movement.
7. In a roll-holding camera of the type including a camera body, an exposure frame, film spool chambers and means for winding film from one spool to another across the exposure frame for exposure, the combination with said film wind, of a film-measuring roller at one end of the exposure frame over which a film passes, said roller being turned by the film, a driving pawl eccentrically carried by the roller, a rotatable shaft carried by the camera, a ratchet wheel mounted on the shaft to turn therewith, said ratchet wheel being engaged by the driving pawl for moving the ratchet wheel by the pawl when film is moved, a dial carried by the shaft and movable with the ratchet wheel and bearing exposure numbers, the teeth of the ratchet wheel, stroke of the pawl, and diameter of the film roller being selected to advance the dial one number for each fresh exposure area of film wound over the roller, a second holding pawl for preventing the ratchet wheel from moving in one direction, the ratchet wheel including an area in which there are no teeth, whereby said driving pawl may move idly without actuating the ratchet wheel when the ratchet wheel is moved to present the toothless area to the driving pawl, a notched step disk connected to :andqmovable with the ratchet wheel, a ratchet wheel on the film Nil-Dd, a stop lever pivotally mounted on 'the camera and engaging the stop disk and when engaging a notch thereof to also engage the ratchet'wheel on the film wind to stop movement thereof, and means for releasing the stop lever, said means comprising a slotted trigger having a cam thereon, a trigger lever pivoted to the stop lever, a spring tending to move the trigger levertoward the stop lever and toward the slotted trigger to engage said slot when the trigger is moved to a predetermined position to hold the trigger against further movement, a lug on the trigger lever positioned to engage the stop lever and limit movement of the trigger lever toward the stop lever, whereby said trigg'eflevef'ma'y be held away from the slotted trigger by the stop lever until the latter is moved to release the ratchet wheel on the film wind, at which time the trigger lever may be moved by its spring into engagement with the trigger to limit movement thereof.
8. The roll-holding camera of the type defined in claim 1 characterized in that the number of teeth on the ratchet wheel moved by the filmdriven pawl are an even multiple of the number of notches in the notched stop disk whereby the number of strokes imparted by the film to the pawl in moving one exposure area may drive the notched stop disk one notch, and whereby the stop lever may, by engaging a notch in the stop disk, drop into the notch and the ratchet wheel on the means for winding film to halt the winding movement thereof.
9. In a roll-holding camera of the type including a camera body, an exposure frame, film spool chambers and means for winding film from one spool to another across the exposure frame for exposure, the combination with said film wind, of a film-measuring roller at one end of the exposure frame over which a film passes, said roller being turned by the film, a driving pawl eccentrically carried by the roller, a rotatable shaft carried by the camera, a ratchet wheel mounted on the shaft to turn therewith, said ratchet wheel being engaged by the driving pawl for moving the ratchet wheel by the pawl when film is moved, a dial carried by the shaft and movable with the ratchet wheel and bearing exposure numbers, the teeth of the ratchet wheel, stroke of the pawl, and diameter of the film roller being selected to advance the dial one number for each fresh exposure area of film wound over the roller, a second holding pawl for preventing the ratchet wheel from moving in one direction, the ratchet wheel including an area in which there are no teeth, whereby said driving pawl may move idly without actuating the ratchet wheel when the ratchet wheel is moved to present the toothless area to the driving pawl, a notched stop disk connected to and movable with the ratchet wheel, a ratchet wheel on the film wind, a stop lever pivotally mounted on the camera and engaging the stop disk and when engaging a notch thereof to also engage the ratchet wheel on the film wind to stop movement thereof, and means for releasing the stop lever, said means comprising a slotted trigger having a cam thereon, a trigger lever pivoted to the stop lever, a spring tending to move the trigger lever toward the stop lever and toward the slotted trigger to engage said slot when the trigger is moved to a predetermined position to hold the trigger against further movement, the
Sim; mien and; the; tnigger lymg on opposite sififist leverand, trigger-' lever:- tending: m move them to ether.- and the trigger leverinto. contact. with the trigger: m
DOUGLAS-S C: S: MARVIN;
REFEREN E ITED The; foliqwing references; m re m n. the file? 0% this; wheat:
RAW
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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2632369A (en) * 1949-10-22 1953-03-24 Eastman Kodak Co Film measuring mechanism
US2847920A (en) * 1954-07-02 1958-08-19 Gen Aniline & Film Corp Double exposure prevention device for photographic camera
US2892392A (en) * 1953-12-30 1959-06-30 Sylvania Electric Prod Camera
US3093045A (en) * 1961-12-19 1963-06-11 Whitehouse Products Inc Film measuring and double-exposure prevention device
US3283650A (en) * 1964-04-29 1966-11-08 Robert L Shoemaker Picture-slide conversion apparatus
US5678109A (en) * 1996-02-16 1997-10-14 Eastman Kodak Company Camera interior light lock
US5694630A (en) * 1995-12-22 1997-12-02 Eastman Kodak Company Compact shutter release/film drive
US5701536A (en) * 1995-12-22 1997-12-23 Eastman Kodak Company Camera with film metering responsive shutter release
US5724622A (en) * 1995-12-22 1998-03-03 Eastman Kodak Company Film metering mechanism
US5737656A (en) * 1995-12-22 1998-04-07 Eastman Kodak Company Pump camera
US5765066A (en) * 1995-12-22 1998-06-09 Eastman Kodak Company Film advance in a pump camera
US5991552A (en) * 1998-06-09 1999-11-23 Eastman Kodak Company Metering/release/reset mechanism in camera

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US492734A (en) * 1893-02-28 Cloth-measuring machine
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US1913184A (en) * 1928-03-09 1933-06-06 Ac Spark Plug Co Ratchet drive for speedometers
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US2148636A (en) * 1937-02-20 1939-02-28 Rollei Werke Franke Heidecke Film feed mechanism for photographic roll film cameras
DE672537C (en) * 1933-06-14 1939-03-04 Menschner Textil Johannes Device for measuring the length of lengths of fabric
US2218241A (en) * 1939-08-12 1940-10-15 Eastman Kodak Co Double exposure prevention device
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US464904A (en) * 1891-12-08 Device for measuring and folding dress goods
US492734A (en) * 1893-02-28 Cloth-measuring machine
US1215614A (en) * 1911-04-10 1917-02-13 Marseilles Company Manure-spreader.
US1913184A (en) * 1928-03-09 1933-06-06 Ac Spark Plug Co Ratchet drive for speedometers
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US2090017A (en) * 1936-11-13 1937-08-17 Eastman Kodak Co Stereocamera
US2148636A (en) * 1937-02-20 1939-02-28 Rollei Werke Franke Heidecke Film feed mechanism for photographic roll film cameras
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US2398412A (en) * 1944-11-10 1946-04-16 Eastman Kodak Co Camera film wind and shutter control mechanism

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2632369A (en) * 1949-10-22 1953-03-24 Eastman Kodak Co Film measuring mechanism
US2892392A (en) * 1953-12-30 1959-06-30 Sylvania Electric Prod Camera
US2847920A (en) * 1954-07-02 1958-08-19 Gen Aniline & Film Corp Double exposure prevention device for photographic camera
US3093045A (en) * 1961-12-19 1963-06-11 Whitehouse Products Inc Film measuring and double-exposure prevention device
US3283650A (en) * 1964-04-29 1966-11-08 Robert L Shoemaker Picture-slide conversion apparatus
US5694630A (en) * 1995-12-22 1997-12-02 Eastman Kodak Company Compact shutter release/film drive
US5701536A (en) * 1995-12-22 1997-12-23 Eastman Kodak Company Camera with film metering responsive shutter release
US5724622A (en) * 1995-12-22 1998-03-03 Eastman Kodak Company Film metering mechanism
US5737656A (en) * 1995-12-22 1998-04-07 Eastman Kodak Company Pump camera
US5765066A (en) * 1995-12-22 1998-06-09 Eastman Kodak Company Film advance in a pump camera
US5678109A (en) * 1996-02-16 1997-10-14 Eastman Kodak Company Camera interior light lock
US5991552A (en) * 1998-06-09 1999-11-23 Eastman Kodak Company Metering/release/reset mechanism in camera

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