US2541464A - Fluid throttling valve - Google Patents

Fluid throttling valve Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2541464A
US2541464A US565515A US56551544A US2541464A US 2541464 A US2541464 A US 2541464A US 565515 A US565515 A US 565515A US 56551544 A US56551544 A US 56551544A US 2541464 A US2541464 A US 2541464A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
valve
piston
discharge
movement
fluid
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US565515A
Inventor
Robert H Davies
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
PARKER APPLIANCE Co
Original Assignee
PARKER APPLIANCE CO
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by PARKER APPLIANCE CO filed Critical PARKER APPLIANCE CO
Priority to US565515A priority Critical patent/US2541464A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2541464A publication Critical patent/US2541464A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K47/00Means in valves for absorbing fluid energy, e.g. cushioning of opening or closure movement, eliminating of vibrations of the valve member
    • F16K47/08Means in valves for absorbing fluid energy, e.g. cushioning of opening or closure movement, eliminating of vibrations of the valve member for decreasing pressure or noise level and having a throttling member separate from the closure member, e.g. screens, slots, labyrinths
    • F16K47/10Means in valves for absorbing fluid energy, e.g. cushioning of opening or closure movement, eliminating of vibrations of the valve member for decreasing pressure or noise level and having a throttling member separate from the closure member, e.g. screens, slots, labyrinths in which the medium in one direction must flow through the throttling channel, and in the other direction may flow through a much wider channel parallel to the throttling channel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/7722Line condition change responsive valves
    • Y10T137/7781With separate connected fluid reactor surface
    • Y10T137/7784Responsive to change in rate of fluid flow
    • Y10T137/7792Movable deflector or choke
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/8593Systems
    • Y10T137/86493Multi-way valve unit
    • Y10T137/86839Four port reversing valves

Description

R. H. DAvlEs 2,541,464
FLUID THROTTLING VALVE Filed Nov. 28, 1944 Pressa/9% Feb. 13, 1951 ff fe /l wam/iw @NOMS Patented Feb. 13, 1951 FLUID THROTTLING VALVE Robert H. Davies, Cleveland, Ohio, assignor to The Parker Appliance Company, Cleveland, Ohio, a corporation of Ohio Application November 28, 1944, Serial No. 565,515
3 Claims.
l The following description relates to my improvement in hydraulic cushioning means for operating pistons and the novel system of operation incident thereto.
Where pistons are reciprocated in cylinders to produce reciprocating movement, the fluid pressure applied to the pistons is diicult to control and especially when the results are dependent in large measure upon the load on the piston or the work required to be done. In the event that a load is light the application of the full pressure may result in reciprocating the piston with an undesired violence and force especially as it approaches the end of a reciprocating movement. I have found that it is possible to use the iluid pressure itself to control or retard the movement of the piston.
One of the objects of my invention is to utilize the uid displaced by the piston as a means for controlling the speed of the movement and limiting it to that previously found to be desirable.
A further object of my invention is to provide means by which the control may be varied and adjusted dependent upon different operating conditions and the size of the piston being actuated.
A still further object of my invention is to retard or otherwise control the rapidity of the piston movement by throttling the discharge of the duid pressure displaced by the piston.
A still further object of my invention is to decelerate the piston at its final or terminal movement with a cushioning effect which will permit it to reach its ultimate position.
Other objects of my invention will be apparent .from the description of the preferred form as illustrated in the accompanying drawings.
In these drawings:
Figure l is a diagrammatic side elevation partl in section of the pressure operating means ap plied to a reciprocating piston with my fnnproved retarding means,
Fig. 2 is a longitudinal vertical section of the novel hydraulic retarding fuse utilized.
The mechanical arrangements of the device provide a system whereby the piston in an operating cylinder may be reciprocated by a iluid pressure under a control imposed by the volume and rate of the iiuid displaced by the piston in its advance. Broadly speaking the impovement is in the adaptation of an improved hydraulic fuse to control the movement of the piston, its inal decelerated or retarded travel and its freedom to reciprocate in the opposite direction.
I have shown the operating power cylinder 3 adapted to cooperate with a reciprocating piston. Each end of the cylinder has a port 4 with which lines of piping 5 and 6 connect eiectively to a reversing valve l. This reversing valve l has an inlet pipe 8 and a discharge pipe 9 which latter leads 'to an accumulator or reservoir. The valve member i0 in the reversing valve is adapted to direct fluid pressure from the pipe 8 into either pipe 5 or 6. The pipe 5 or B that is not so connected will in this movement be connected to the discharge pipe 9 to the reservoir. It will of course be understood that the valve member may be placed in an intermediate position in which the flow of pressure fluid and discharge fluid is stopped and the system remains stationary.
In order to carry out the purposes of the invention means can be provided between the ports 4, 4 and the reservoir to serve as throttling and retarding means for the discharge. In many in-k stances it will .be possible to place this controlling means on the pipe 9 where it will receive the discharge through either connection 5 or 6.
However, in view of operating advantages in many instances, it is desirable to provide separate hydraulic fuses to serve as controlling means on each connecting pipe 5 or 6.
The valve l I has been shown as interconnected on the pipe 5 between one port 4 and the reversing valve 1. In the position of the latter shown in Figure 1 the valve i i will operate since it is the discharge from the cylinder 3.
The valve i2 in the opposite connection 6 is in the pressure line from pipe 8 and will permit unrestricted ow from the latter.
Each of the valves ii and l2 are identical and for the purpose of illustration valve H has been selected for detailed description (Fig. 2). The valve l l consists of a body member i3. This body member has an end cap i4 bolted or otherwise attached to the body i3 and providing a connection to the discharge side of the pipe 5. A suitable packing !5 seals the cap it to the body i3. The capl has a central bore i6 and divergent passageways ill connecting to a circular groove i8.
The body i3 has an intermediate cylindrical valve chamber i9 while one end has a relatively large dashpot 2i! aligned with the chamber it. An enlargement 2H connects the dashpot 2li with the end wall of the valve chamber it.
The valve chamber it is spaced from the inner face of the cap it. This provides room to receive the valve seat 22. The latter is in the iorm of a flat disk and may be of metal or of hard rubber or the like. It is free from stress as it is not compressed unduly between the cap i4 and the end wall of the valve chamber i9. Therefore the valve seat 22 provides a nat surface to receive the end of the valve proper.
A series of openings 23 pass through the valve disk 22 and connect the chamber i9 with the circular groove i8. In this way the' passageways Il are at all times open to the openings 23.
When the valve is upon the seat 22 and the openings 23 are closed, it is desirable to by-pass a limited volume of pressure iiuid. For this purpose a central opening 24 has been provided and an angular portion of the opening intersects one of the openings 23 in a radial direction. A needle valve passes radially through the disk 22 and the body or casing I3. The needle valve is screw threaded into the casing I3 and held in adjusted position by means of lock nut 26.
The opposite end of the casing I3 has a cap 21 bolted or screwed thereon and connected with the branch of the pipe 5 leading from the cylinder. The cap has a leakproof packing 28.
A valve 29 with a central bore 30 reciprocates in the valve chamber I9 with a relatively close clearance. A flange 3| extends laterally from the inlet end of the valve 29 to form a slide bearing against the wall of the dashpot 20. Metering openings 32 pass through this flange and serve as a control for the closing movement of the valve.
The central bore is enlarged at the inlet end to receive a meter disk 33 which is held in by the split ring 34.
The valve 29 is bored diametrically to provide recesses 35, 35 which contain check balls 36, 36. These balls seat in circular openings 31 and form ball check valves. A split ring retainer 38. tted in a groove in the outer surface of the valve 29 connes the balls 36, 36 against displacement. A spiral spring 39 holds the valve normally in its open position as shown in Fig. 2.
Briefly the action of the valve is dependent upon a differential in pressure between the inlet of the discharge fluid and its outlet through the valve chamber I9.- This pressure causes the valve 29 to move slowly toward its seat and at the same time compression in the dashpot closes the ball check valve. The rate of travel of the valve 29 is dependent upon the number and size of the metering outlets 32. The valve continues its closing movement until the ange 3| is opposite the enlargement 2I when the ,movement is accelerated to bring the valve into closing contact with the Valve disk 22.
The ball check valve 36 is effective duri-'ng the closing movement but not in the opening movement.
The metering disk 33 functions to control the rate of flow through the valve 29. The greater the opening in the metering disk 33 the greater will be the rate of ow existing in the discharge iluid before the valve 29 starts its closing movement.
The valve is so calibrated as to remain open during the normal movement of the piston in the cylinder 3 and to function to close only when it is desired to slow down or cushion the nal part oi the piston reciprocation. This result is accomplished by providing for the valve to close before the piston completes its travel. Thereafter the further discharge of fluid necessary to permit the piston to come to its limit of movement is eifected at a restricted rate through the by-pass opening 24 to a passageway 23.
By adjustably positioning the needle valve 25 the rate of this by-pass flow can be adjusted to provide any desired cushioning effect upon the piston.
In reverse movement when the piston reciprocates in the opposite direction the spring 39 holds the valve oi of its seat and fluid passes through the hydraulic valve in reverse direction in full volume. The valve is therefore promptly restored to its open position ready for carrying out the cushioning effect in the next reciprocation.
lIt will be understood that the cushioning hydraulic valve I I operates on discharge through the pipe 5 and at the same time the valve I2 is open and inactive. Reciprocation in the opposite direction places the valve I2 in operation and renders the valve I I inactive.
The general features of the hydraulic valve utilized are those disclosed and claimed in the copending application of Emmett C. Hartley and Harry B. Carbon, led November 22, 1944, Serial No. 564,640, now Patent No. 2,518,988 issued August 15, 1950.
It is to be emphasized that the arrangement of the features above described provides a system of operating and controlling reciprocating motion which may be carried out by either the device as above illustrated or a similar one which may be different in many respects without departing from the scope of the following claims.
I claim:
1. In combination, a cylinder, a piston reciproconnected between each port and the reversing valve, said hydraulic valve having means responsive to back pressure acting at a predetermined excess rate of fluid discharge to bring the valve into normally closed position after a predetermined period of discharge, and an auxiliary open passageway through the normally closed valve.
2. In combination, a cylinder, a piston reciprocable therein, a port at each end of the cylinder, a reversing valve connected to a 'source of fluid under pressure, connections between each port and said valve, a discharge connection from the valve to a reservoir, and a hydraulic valve interconnected between each port and reversing valve, said hydraulic valve having a movable valve member, and time-delay means acting on said valve member at a predetermined excess rate of uid discharge to reduce the flow through the valve after a predetermined period of discharge.
3. In combination, a cylinder, a piston reciprocable therein, a port at each end of the cylinder, a reversing valve connected to a source of uid under'pressure, connections between each port and said valve, a discharge connection from the valve to a reservoir, and a hydraulic valve interconnected between each port and the reversing valve, said hydraulic valve, said hydraulic valve having a movable valve member, and time-delay Y means acting on said valve member at a predetermined excess rate of fluid discharge to reduce the ow through the valve after a predetermined period of discharge, metering means in the valve member for variably controlling said flow period, and an auxiliary open passageway through the normally closed valve.
ROBERT H. DAVIES.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of 4record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS
US565515A 1944-11-28 1944-11-28 Fluid throttling valve Expired - Lifetime US2541464A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US565515A US2541464A (en) 1944-11-28 1944-11-28 Fluid throttling valve

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US565515A US2541464A (en) 1944-11-28 1944-11-28 Fluid throttling valve

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2541464A true US2541464A (en) 1951-02-13

Family

ID=24258965

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US565515A Expired - Lifetime US2541464A (en) 1944-11-28 1944-11-28 Fluid throttling valve

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2541464A (en)

Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2753849A (en) * 1950-12-28 1956-07-10 Logansport Machine Co Inc Cushion valve for air cylinders
US2842162A (en) * 1955-01-17 1958-07-08 Halliburton Oil Well Cementing Fluid flow control device
US2867129A (en) * 1953-10-28 1959-01-06 Gen Motors Corp Fluid power steering valve
US2923277A (en) * 1955-12-15 1960-02-02 Waterman William Controls for adjusting stroke of hydraulic pistons and the like
US2939427A (en) * 1956-03-08 1960-06-07 Renault Control device for fluid-operated reciprocating power apparatus
US3005444A (en) * 1959-07-27 1961-10-24 Dumore Company Control means for fluid actuated work cylinders
US3081746A (en) * 1961-02-10 1963-03-19 Dayton Rogers Mfg Co Reciprocating agitator
US3114378A (en) * 1958-06-04 1963-12-17 Lockman Nathan Pneumatic controller
US3170481A (en) * 1963-04-16 1965-02-23 Frank G Presnell Flow control valve
US3496962A (en) * 1967-02-13 1970-02-24 Borg Warner Control valve
US3640277A (en) * 1968-12-09 1972-02-08 Marvin Adelberg Medical liquid administration device
US3805824A (en) * 1972-09-25 1974-04-23 Us Navy Pressure-compensated flow control valve
US3963045A (en) * 1974-10-24 1976-06-15 Vernon Damitz Cushion control accessory for pneumatic or hydraulic cylinders
US4022113A (en) * 1975-12-10 1977-05-10 Blatt Leland F Flow control valve
WO1982001749A1 (en) * 1980-11-17 1982-05-27 Shore Daniel B Load supporting hydraulic circuit with emergency automatic load restraint
EP0057300A1 (en) * 1981-01-26 1982-08-11 HARBIDGE, John Internal combustion engine arrangement
US4383552A (en) * 1981-10-16 1983-05-17 Multi-Products Company Adjustable choke
FR2608719A1 (en) * 1986-11-06 1988-06-24 Gol Sp Konstruktor Non-return valve for hydraulic systems
US4860795A (en) * 1988-03-03 1989-08-29 Oten Peter D Venturi block having cut off

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1023267A (en) * 1911-04-14 1912-04-16 Charles M Mock Piston-actuated mechanism.
US1877102A (en) * 1926-11-06 1932-09-13 Fairbanks Morse & Co Hydraulic control means
DE598406C (en) * 1931-02-05 1934-06-09 Hauhinco Device for buffering the impacts of impact cylinders
US2354161A (en) * 1943-02-08 1944-07-18 Waterman William Automatic cutoff device
US2366382A (en) * 1939-03-28 1945-01-02 Douglas Aircraft Co Inc Control surface boost device and gust dampener
US2418325A (en) * 1940-05-21 1947-04-01 Lockheed Aircraft Corp Aircraft landing gear

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1023267A (en) * 1911-04-14 1912-04-16 Charles M Mock Piston-actuated mechanism.
US1877102A (en) * 1926-11-06 1932-09-13 Fairbanks Morse & Co Hydraulic control means
DE598406C (en) * 1931-02-05 1934-06-09 Hauhinco Device for buffering the impacts of impact cylinders
US2366382A (en) * 1939-03-28 1945-01-02 Douglas Aircraft Co Inc Control surface boost device and gust dampener
US2418325A (en) * 1940-05-21 1947-04-01 Lockheed Aircraft Corp Aircraft landing gear
US2354161A (en) * 1943-02-08 1944-07-18 Waterman William Automatic cutoff device

Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2753849A (en) * 1950-12-28 1956-07-10 Logansport Machine Co Inc Cushion valve for air cylinders
US2867129A (en) * 1953-10-28 1959-01-06 Gen Motors Corp Fluid power steering valve
US2842162A (en) * 1955-01-17 1958-07-08 Halliburton Oil Well Cementing Fluid flow control device
US2923277A (en) * 1955-12-15 1960-02-02 Waterman William Controls for adjusting stroke of hydraulic pistons and the like
US2939427A (en) * 1956-03-08 1960-06-07 Renault Control device for fluid-operated reciprocating power apparatus
US3114378A (en) * 1958-06-04 1963-12-17 Lockman Nathan Pneumatic controller
US3005444A (en) * 1959-07-27 1961-10-24 Dumore Company Control means for fluid actuated work cylinders
US3081746A (en) * 1961-02-10 1963-03-19 Dayton Rogers Mfg Co Reciprocating agitator
US3170481A (en) * 1963-04-16 1965-02-23 Frank G Presnell Flow control valve
US3496962A (en) * 1967-02-13 1970-02-24 Borg Warner Control valve
US3640277A (en) * 1968-12-09 1972-02-08 Marvin Adelberg Medical liquid administration device
US3805824A (en) * 1972-09-25 1974-04-23 Us Navy Pressure-compensated flow control valve
US3963045A (en) * 1974-10-24 1976-06-15 Vernon Damitz Cushion control accessory for pneumatic or hydraulic cylinders
US4022113A (en) * 1975-12-10 1977-05-10 Blatt Leland F Flow control valve
WO1982001749A1 (en) * 1980-11-17 1982-05-27 Shore Daniel B Load supporting hydraulic circuit with emergency automatic load restraint
EP0057300A1 (en) * 1981-01-26 1982-08-11 HARBIDGE, John Internal combustion engine arrangement
US4383552A (en) * 1981-10-16 1983-05-17 Multi-Products Company Adjustable choke
FR2608719A1 (en) * 1986-11-06 1988-06-24 Gol Sp Konstruktor Non-return valve for hydraulic systems
US4860795A (en) * 1988-03-03 1989-08-29 Oten Peter D Venturi block having cut off

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US1955154A (en) Valve mechanism
US2367682A (en) Landing gear by-pass valve
US2655935A (en) Pressure relief valve assembly
US3404698A (en) Fluid charging valve
US3021869A (en) Rotary type hydraulic valve
US2267284A (en) By-pass valve
US2398775A (en) Valve
US2703558A (en) Pressure return cylinder and piston unit
US2339101A (en) Check valve assembly
US2610022A (en) Control valve with free position
US2648346A (en) Locking valve for hydraulic motors
US2922432A (en) Reversible cartridge speed control valve
US3029060A (en) Manual operating means for piston operated valves
US2361881A (en) Relief valve
US2638075A (en) Pneumatically controlled hydraulic prop
US3286797A (en) Hydraulic control unit
US3908767A (en) Percussion tool
US4022113A (en) Flow control valve
US3693767A (en) Adjustable hydraulic shock absorber
US3015345A (en) Combination reservoir-accumulator arrangement for hydraulic system
US3434493A (en) Flow-sensitive shutoff valve
US3162092A (en) Cylinder cushion structure
GB1163920A (en) Improvements in or relating to Hydropneumatic Suspension Systems
US4132153A (en) Metering control valve and fluid power system
US3402553A (en) Manually actuated positioning control system