US2540449A - Ramp heel - Google Patents

Ramp heel Download PDF

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US2540449A
US2540449A US70156546A US2540449A US 2540449 A US2540449 A US 2540449A US 70156546 A US70156546 A US 70156546A US 2540449 A US2540449 A US 2540449A
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heel
shoe
portion
lift
type
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Kaufmann Melville
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Kaufmann Melville
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B21/00Heels; Top-pieces, e.g. high heels, heel distinct from the sole, high heels monolithic with the sole

Description

Feb. 6, 1951 KAUFMANN 2,540,449

RAMP HEEL Filed Oct. 5, 1946 INVENTOR. Maw/u: lfn rMn/vM 8 GM:( M 5 Patented Feb. 6, 1951 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE RAMP HEEL Melville Kaufmann, Los Angeles, Calif.

Application October 5, 1946, Serial N 0. 701,565

1 Claim.

The invention relates to shoes and particularly a type of shoe known in the trade as a casual type shoe. Specifically, the invention has to do with a casual type shoe incorporating a specific type of heel lift.

During the past few years there has arisen a type of shoe for casual wear having a wedge type sole and frequently designated as wedgies." A distinctive characteristic of the shoe is the absence of a bridge between the sole and heel, this portion of the shoe being, in fact, a continuation of the sole, so that the sole, heel and the part usually comprising the shank makes a continuous fiat contact with the floor, ground or other surface upon which the wearer may tread.

Various developments have made possible shoes of wedge-like design such as that above referred to, these developments including the incorporation of materials for the heel as well as the sole which are adapted to promote a comfortable feeling when the wearer walks about.

Although wedge type shoes have had a considerable popularity in womens styles, they have not been adopted into mens styles to an equally great degree; perhaps, for the reason that men are prone to give the heel of a shoe a considerable amount of wear suflicient to make the wedge type shoe in many cases impractical. Both the weight of the wearer and the characteristic manner of walking have an influence upon the wear given to the heel of a shoe and particularly the heel of the wedge type shoe.

Among the objects of the invention, therefore, is to provide a new and improved heel lift for wedge type shoes which enables the shoe to enjoy the advantages of a shoe having a heel while at the same time retaining the distinctive appearance of a Wedge type shoe.

Another object of the invention is to provide a heel lift for a wedge type shoe which is adapted to blend into the backing when the weight of a wearer is applied to it.

Still another object of the invention is to provide a new and improved heel lift for wedge type shoes which is so shaped and constructed of such material that it is particularly well adapted for use with shoes having either a hard or soft backing at the heel portion.

Also included in the objects is to provide a replaceable heel lift which covers only a relatively small part of the heel portion of the shoe and which is joined to the outsole in such a manner and at a location which makes possible a strong joint substantially unaffected by the flexing normally given a shoe in the course of wear.

With these and other objects in view, the invention consists in the construction, arrangement and combination of the various parts of the device whereby the objects contemplated are attained, as hereinafter more fully set forth, pointed out in the claim and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which:

Figure l is a perspective view of a wedge type shoe viewed from the bottom.

Figure 2 is a bottom view of the heel lift applied to the shoe.

Figure 3 is a fragmentary, side, elevational view of a portion of the heel of a shoe with the heel lift applied thereto.

In the design and construction of wedge type shoes the features stressed are not only comfort but also a distinctive and informal appearance somewhat different from the appearance of the conventional type shoe. The wedge type shoe, however, has had some defects in that a single outsole thickness has been depended upon to provide the entire wearing surface of the shoe.

Commonly, the heel of a shoe receives considerably more wear than the sole, and to remedy this defect resort has been had in the past to the provision of an extra thickness at the heel. Although this extra thickness has made it possible to wear a pair of shoes for a greater length of time before resoling, the extra thickness, particularly when made of leather, has had a tendency to alter the distinctive appearance so much desired in the wedge type shoe. The addition of the extra thickness at the same time has in no way improved the casual comfort so characteristic of the wedge type shoes. Remedies sought for improving the wearability of the heel have failed. to materially improve the ease of renewing the heel without at the same time making it necessary to renew the entire outsole.

In an embodiment chosen to illustrate the invention there is shown a wedge type shoe comprising an upper l0 having a counter II, a toe l2 and straps l3. To give the shoe its wedgelike appearance there is provided a backing l4, which may be either rigid or soft, having a relatively thin portion I 5 extending over the sole, a relatively thick portion 16 extending over the heel, and a wedge-shaped portion l1 extending over what is normally construed as the shank of the shoe which blends into the sole portion at one end and the heel portion at the other.

Applied to the backing is an outsole 20 having a sole portion 2|, a mid-portion 22 covering what is ordinarily termed the shank of a shoe and a rear portion 23 which covers a part only of the heel of the shoe.

To complete coverage of the heel there is provided a heel lift 25 which is adapted to cover the remaining heel portion of the shoe. The heel lift is of distinct design and essentially homogeneous, normally comprising a resilient material such as rubber.

Among the various parts of the heel lift which give it a character meeting the objects of the invention is the inclusion of a plate portion 26 having an over-all thickness substantially the same as the thickness of the outsole. The plate portion makes a joint with the outsole characterized by the provision of a wedge-like lip 21 of lesser thickness than the thickness of the plate portion and a shoulder 28. The shoulder 28 abuts a complementary shoulder 29 of the outsole and a beveled portion 30 of the outsole accommodates the lip 21.

Extending over a portion only of the heel lift is what has been herein designated as a heel lift 3| having a thickness not greater than and preferably less than the thickness of the plate portion 26. Of further significance is the provision of a gently beveled edge 32 for the heel lift which makes an angle of something less than 30 with respect to the outside surface of the outsole. The heel lift is beveled, also, around the sides 33 and back 34, and the bevel extends along sides 35 of the plate portion as far as the shoulder 28.

By reason of the small size, relatively, of the heel lift and the joint provided for it with the outsole, the heel lift may be readily detached and replaced whenever it becomes worn, the joint of the heel lift with the outsole being located within what is normally conceived of as the heel of the shoe and does not experience the flexing, stretching and cramping which the joint would otherwise experience if located within the shank of the shoe or nearer to the sole.

Of further significance is the pitch of the beveled edge 32. When the weight of the wearer is applied upon the heel, the beveled edge 32 tends to press upwardly and backwardly into the plate portion of the heel lift to such an extent that the beveled edge is actually in contact with the surface upon which the wearer is walking Thus, when the wearers weight is applied to the shoe and particularly the heel of the shoe, the heel lift with the outsole gives the appearance of a continuous line of contact with the surface upon which it rests, thereby preserving to a desirable degree a true wedge-like appearance.

By making the heel lift of resilient material there is permitted a sufficient flow in the heel lift so that when the beveled edge 32 is pressed upwardly and backwardly the beveled back 34 extends rearwardly to a line approaching the vertical edge of the plate portion 26 and the rear of the counter of the shoe, a condition which further enhances the true wedge-like appearance of the shoe while it is being worn.

By making the replaceable heel with a heel lift of no greater thickness than the thickness of the outsole or perhaps of lesser thickness, somewhere in the neighborhood of eight irons, the heel lift is capable of blending into the backing when the full weight of the wearer is applied, and the wearer, although capable of enjoying the benefit of a raised heel when the shoe is worn, is deprived of the feeling of there being any actual elevation of the heel above the level of the outsole and is enabled to experience the casual comfort characteristic of the wedge type shoes.

Although the invention has been herein shown and described in what is conceived to be the most practical and preferred embodiment, it is recognized that departures may be made therefrom within the scope of the invention, which is not to be limited to the details disclosed herein but is to be accorded the full scope of the claim so as to embrace any and all equivalent structures.

The invention having been herein described, What is claimed and sought to be secured by Letters Patent is:

A platform shoe construction comprising: an upper, a substantially fiat bottomed platform therebeneath, and an outsole-heel combination substantially co-extensive with the bottom of the platform and secured thereto, said outsole-heel combination comprising a relatively hard sole portion of substantially constant thickness terminating at the heel region with a down taper on its upper surface ending with a perpendicular shoulder extending laterally across the shoe, a relatively resilient rubber-like heel member approximately twice the thickness of the sole portion at its greatest depth and terminating forwardly with a shoulder conforming to and abutting against the shoulder on the sole portion and an up taper extending forwardly from the heel shoulder conforming to and abutting against the down taper on the sole portion, the upper surface of the sole portion and heel member positioned directly against the bottom of the platform, the bottom of the heel portion extending rearwardly from the shoulder in approximately the same plane as the bottom of the sole portion and thence tapering downwardly toward the rear, a flat primary ground contact surface extending rearwardly from the lower rear end of the last said taper, the rear edge region of the heel member having a downward inward taper at an angle acute from the horizontal plane of the outsoleheel.

MELVILLEJ KAUFMANN.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,158,053 Hutchison Oct. 26, 1915 2,198,338 Greider Apr. 23, 1940 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 1,454 Great Britain of 1904 23,214 Great Britain of 1902 146,888 Germany Aug. 25, 1936

US2540449A 1946-10-05 1946-10-05 Ramp heel Expired - Lifetime US2540449A (en)

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3169327A (en) * 1964-03-20 1965-02-16 Fukuoka Tatuo Driver's safety shoe
US3804099A (en) * 1973-03-05 1974-04-16 T Hall Orthopedic heel
US4939853A (en) * 1987-12-30 1990-07-10 Jon Farbman Marching shoe
US5560126A (en) * 1993-08-17 1996-10-01 Akeva, L.L.C. Athletic shoe with improved sole
US5615497A (en) * 1993-08-17 1997-04-01 Meschan; David F. Athletic shoe with improved sole
US5806210A (en) * 1995-10-12 1998-09-15 Akeva L.L.C. Athletic shoe with improved heel structure
US5918384A (en) * 1993-08-17 1999-07-06 Akeva L.L.C. Athletic shoe with improved sole
US7540099B2 (en) 1994-08-17 2009-06-02 Akeva L.L.C. Heel support for athletic shoe
US20120186110A1 (en) * 2011-01-25 2012-07-26 Mark Recchi Footwear with heel lift
US20150020414A1 (en) * 2013-07-17 2015-01-22 Sarah Melissa Mulholland Convertible Shoe
US8984771B1 (en) * 2014-04-10 2015-03-24 Hyman Kramer Cushioning sole for footwear
US9648925B2 (en) 2015-09-23 2017-05-16 Hyman Kramer Footwear devices
US9737112B2 (en) 2014-04-10 2017-08-22 Hyman Kramer Shoe heel device

Cited By (56)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3169327A (en) * 1964-03-20 1965-02-16 Fukuoka Tatuo Driver's safety shoe
US3804099A (en) * 1973-03-05 1974-04-16 T Hall Orthopedic heel
US4939853A (en) * 1987-12-30 1990-07-10 Jon Farbman Marching shoe
US7040041B2 (en) 1993-08-17 2006-05-09 Akeva L.L.C. Athletic shoe with plate
US5615497A (en) * 1993-08-17 1997-04-01 Meschan; David F. Athletic shoe with improved sole
US7114269B2 (en) 1993-08-17 2006-10-03 Akeva L.L.C. Athletic shoe with improved sole
US5826352A (en) * 1993-08-17 1998-10-27 Akeva L.L.C. Athletic shoe with improved sole
US5560126A (en) * 1993-08-17 1996-10-01 Akeva, L.L.C. Athletic shoe with improved sole
US7380350B2 (en) 1993-08-17 2008-06-03 Akeva L.L.C. Athletic shoe with bottom opening
US6050002A (en) * 1993-08-17 2000-04-18 Akeva L.L.C. Athletic shoe with improved sole
US6195916B1 (en) 1993-08-17 2001-03-06 Akeva, L.L.C. Athletic shoe with improved sole
US6324772B1 (en) 1993-08-17 2001-12-04 Akeva, L.L.C. Athletic shoe with improved sole
US6604300B2 (en) 1993-08-17 2003-08-12 Akeva L.L.C. Athletic shoe with improved sole
US7076892B2 (en) 1993-08-17 2006-07-18 Akeva L.L.C. Shock absorbent athletic shoe
US7069671B2 (en) 1993-08-17 2006-07-04 Akeva L.L.C. Arch bridge for athletic shoe
US20040231199A1 (en) * 1993-08-17 2004-11-25 Meschan David F. Arch bridge for athletic shoe
US20040231192A1 (en) * 1993-08-17 2004-11-25 Meschan David F. Plate for athletic shoe
US20040231193A1 (en) * 1993-08-17 2004-11-25 Meschan David F. Shock absorbing athletic shoe
US20040231194A1 (en) * 1993-08-17 2004-11-25 Meschan David F. Athletic shoe with plate
US20040231195A1 (en) * 1993-08-17 2004-11-25 Meschan David F. Midsole for athletic shoe
US20040231198A1 (en) * 1993-08-17 2004-11-25 Meschan David F. Cushioning for athletic shoe
US20040237347A1 (en) * 1993-08-17 2004-12-02 Meschan David F. Bottom surface configuration for athletic shoe
US20040237344A1 (en) * 1993-08-17 2004-12-02 Meschan David F. Athletic shoe having cushioning
US20040237345A1 (en) * 1993-08-17 2004-12-02 Meschan David F. Rear sole structure for athletic shoe
US20040244222A1 (en) * 1993-08-17 2004-12-09 Meschan David F. Shock absorbent athletic shoe
US6962009B2 (en) 1993-08-17 2005-11-08 Akeva L.L.C. Bottom surface configuration for athletic shoe
US6966130B2 (en) 1993-08-17 2005-11-22 Akeva L.L.C. Plate for athletic shoe
US6966129B2 (en) 1993-08-17 2005-11-22 Akeva L.L.C. Cushioning for athletic shoe
US6968635B2 (en) 1993-08-17 2005-11-29 Akeva L.L.C. Athletic shoe bottom
US20060117602A1 (en) * 1993-08-17 2006-06-08 Meschan David F Athletic shoe with bottom opening
US7043857B2 (en) * 1993-08-17 2006-05-16 Akeva L.L.C. Athletic shoe having cushioning
US6996924B2 (en) 1993-08-17 2006-02-14 Akeva L.L.C. Rear sole structure for athletic shoe
US6996923B2 (en) 1993-08-17 2006-02-14 Akeva L.L.C. Shock absorbing athletic shoe
US7040040B2 (en) * 1993-08-17 2006-05-09 Akeva L.L.C. Midsole for athletic shoe
US5918384A (en) * 1993-08-17 1999-07-06 Akeva L.L.C. Athletic shoe with improved sole
US7540099B2 (en) 1994-08-17 2009-06-02 Akeva L.L.C. Heel support for athletic shoe
US7596888B2 (en) 1994-08-17 2009-10-06 Akeva L.L.C. Shoe with flexible plate
US20050262732A1 (en) * 1995-10-12 2005-12-01 Akeva, L.L.C. Athletic shoe with inclined wall configuration and non-ground-engaging member
US20040123496A1 (en) * 1995-10-12 2004-07-01 Akeva, L.L.C. Athletic shoe with improved heel structure
US6662471B2 (en) 1995-10-12 2003-12-16 Akeva, L.L.C. Athletic shoe with improved heel structure
US7089689B2 (en) 1995-10-12 2006-08-15 Akeva L.L.C. Athletic shoe with inclined wall configuration and non-ground-engaging member
US5806210A (en) * 1995-10-12 1998-09-15 Akeva L.L.C. Athletic shoe with improved heel structure
US7127835B2 (en) 1995-10-12 2006-10-31 Akeva L.L.C. Athletic shoe with improved heel structure
US7155843B2 (en) 1995-10-12 2007-01-02 Akeva, L.L.C. Athletic shoe with visible arch bridge
US20070101614A1 (en) * 1995-10-12 2007-05-10 Meschan David F Athletic shoe with visible arch bridge
US7082700B2 (en) 1995-10-12 2006-08-01 Akeva L.L.C. Athletic shoe with inclined wall configuration
US7536809B2 (en) 1995-10-12 2009-05-26 Akeva L.L.C. Athletic shoe with visible arch bridge
US5970628A (en) * 1995-10-12 1999-10-26 Akeva L.L.C. Athletic shoe with improved heel structure
US20050262731A1 (en) * 1995-10-12 2005-12-01 Akeva, L.L.C. Athletic shoe with visible arch bridge
US20120186110A1 (en) * 2011-01-25 2012-07-26 Mark Recchi Footwear with heel lift
US9974353B2 (en) * 2013-07-17 2018-05-22 Sarah Melissa Mulholland Convertible shoe
US20150020414A1 (en) * 2013-07-17 2015-01-22 Sarah Melissa Mulholland Convertible Shoe
US8984771B1 (en) * 2014-04-10 2015-03-24 Hyman Kramer Cushioning sole for footwear
US9603413B2 (en) 2014-04-10 2017-03-28 Hyman Kramer Cushioning sole for footwear
US9737112B2 (en) 2014-04-10 2017-08-22 Hyman Kramer Shoe heel device
US9648925B2 (en) 2015-09-23 2017-05-16 Hyman Kramer Footwear devices

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