US2538601A - Expanding fastener - Google Patents

Expanding fastener Download PDF

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Publication number
US2538601A
US2538601A US610094A US61009445A US2538601A US 2538601 A US2538601 A US 2538601A US 610094 A US610094 A US 610094A US 61009445 A US61009445 A US 61009445A US 2538601 A US2538601 A US 2538601A
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United States
Prior art keywords
strips
screw
hole
collapse
strip
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Expired - Lifetime
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US610094A
Inventor
Taylor Cecil Arthur
Hibbert Harold
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RAWIPLUG Co Ltd
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RAWIPLUG Co Ltd
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Publication of US2538601A publication Critical patent/US2538601A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B37/00Nuts or like thread-engaging members
    • F16B37/04Devices for fastening nuts to surfaces, e.g. sheets, plates
    • F16B37/06Devices for fastening nuts to surfaces, e.g. sheets, plates by means of welding or riveting
    • F16B37/062Devices for fastening nuts to surfaces, e.g. sheets, plates by means of welding or riveting by means of riveting
    • F16B37/065Devices for fastening nuts to surfaces, e.g. sheets, plates by means of welding or riveting by means of riveting by deforming the material of the nut
    • F16B37/067Devices for fastening nuts to surfaces, e.g. sheets, plates by means of welding or riveting by means of riveting by deforming the material of the nut the material of the nut being deformed by a threaded member generating axial movement of the threaded part of the nut, e.g. blind rivet type
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B13/00Dowels or other devices fastened in walls or the like by inserting them in holes made therein for that purpose
    • F16B13/04Dowels or other devices fastened in walls or the like by inserting them in holes made therein for that purpose with parts gripping in the hole or behind the reverse side of the wall after inserting from the front
    • F16B13/06Dowels or other devices fastened in walls or the like by inserting them in holes made therein for that purpose with parts gripping in the hole or behind the reverse side of the wall after inserting from the front combined with expanding sleeve
    • F16B13/061Dowels or other devices fastened in walls or the like by inserting them in holes made therein for that purpose with parts gripping in the hole or behind the reverse side of the wall after inserting from the front combined with expanding sleeve of the buckling type
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B29/00Screwed connection with deformation of nut or auxiliary member while fastening
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B37/00Nuts or like thread-engaging members
    • F16B37/04Devices for fastening nuts to surfaces, e.g. sheets, plates
    • F16B37/041Releasable devices
    • F16B37/043Releasable devices with snap action

Description

C. A. TAYLOR ET AL EXPANDING FASTENER Jan. 16, 1951 Filed Aug. 10, 1945 k EHWIAVNE Patented Jan. 16, 1951 EXPANDING FASTENEB Cecil Arthur Taylor and Harold Hibbert, London, England, assignors to The Rawlplcg Company Limited, London, England, a British company Application August 10, 1945, Serial No. 610,094 In Great Britain August 17, 1944 6 Claims.

This invention relates to improvements in fastening devices intended for use in securing fittings or articles such as hooks, switches, cabiinets, etc, to walls constructed of materials such as plaster-board, composition board, hollow tiles, and the like, where the available thickness of wall to receive a fastening device is not sufficient to enable efficient or satisfactory fixing to be made by conventional methods such as the known metal or fibrous plugs, which depend upon the friction between the plug and the cylindrical wall of the hole in which it is inserted.

A collapsible tubular fastening device of the type comprising an internally threaded substan tially cylindrical end member adapted to be engaged by a screw-threaded member passing through the device, and a pair of oppositely disposed deformable strips adapted to extend through a wall having a preformed hole, the free ends of said strips being enlarged and transversely curved whereby a substantially cylindrical head memberis formed for placement in said preformed hole, is known. It has been found in practice that when collapsible fastening devices of this type are used, the tightening of an externally screw-threaded member in the internally screw-threaded end member causes a torque to be transmitted between these members so as to tend to twist the said end member in the same direction as the screw or bolt is being twisted in order to draw the said end member towards it and effect the desired collapse of the side strips. This torque, often of considerable magnitude, stresses the side strips in transverse bending. Due to their relative structuralweakness it has been found in practice that these side members often yield under this transverse bending stress before they yield in compression so that the screw or bolt drags the end member around with it before the collapse occurs. In many cases the side members may become so twisted and entwined that the desired collapse is entirely prevented.

It is the object of the present invention to overcome this difficulty and accordingly the invention comprises a device of the type described wherein the deformable strips are inclined with respect to the longitudinal axis of the tubular fastening device, in such a manner that the free ends of the deformable strips are pre-formed so as to be rotationally displaced about said axis with respect to the ends of the strips attached to the end member of the device, such rotational displacement of the free ends being in the same sense as the sense of, rotation of the screwthreaded member during the insertion thereof into the end member.

It will be seen that, under these conditions, the threaded end member will tend to be rotated by an inserted screw in a direction such as to stress the side strips partly in transverse bending as before and partly in compression, the proportion between these two stresses being adjustable at will by the angle of inclination imparted to the strips during the manufacture of the device. In this way, much of the torque is prevented from bending the strips transversely, and furthermore, said torque is usefully employed stressing the strips in compression and in assisting the longitudinal pulling force exerted on the end member to bring about its collapse in the desired manner.

Various views of a device according to the invention are shown by way of example in the accompanying drawing, in which Figure l is a View of a device according to the invention prior to its insertion in a previously prepared hole in a thin wall or the like.

Figure 2 is a side view at right angles to that shown in Figure 1,

Figure 3 is a side view similar to Figure 2, showing the device in the position it assumes in a previously prepared hole, prior to collapse,

Figure 4 shows the blank strip from which the device of Figures 1 to 3 is made.

Figure 5 is a sectional view of the device shown ,in Figures 1 to 3, after it has collapsed, in position extending through a wall panel or like fix- --ture,

' punched to form a substantially cylindrical end member I having a central screw-threaded bore in a smaller cylindrical extension 2, two oppositely disposed side strips 3 and at the end of such strips 3, enlarged portions 6 bent each to form a semicylindrical head member. The side strips 3 are arranged so that when the device is ready for use,

as shown in Figures 1 to 3, they are inclined with respect to the longitudinal axis of the device, in such a manner that the enlarged portions 4 are P, rotationally displaced about said axis with respect to the ends of the strips attached to the end member I, such displacement of the enlarged portions 4 being in the same sense as the sense of rotation of a screw or like member during the insertion thereof into the end member. The device is then inserted into a previously formed hole extending through a wall or the like 6 (see Figure until the end I thereof having the central screw-threaded part 2 projects beyond the further face of the wall or the like. A screw 1 is then inserted through the hole in the article being fixed or a washer may be substituted for the latter if it is desired that the device be collapsed as a separate operation previous to the final fixing, by which method a shorter screw may be used for making the fixture than that which is necessary for the preliminary collapsing operation. On tightening up the screw, the head 4, 4 is drawn up against the back of the article being fixed (or the washer as the case may beland further tightening draws the screw end 2 towards the head of the screw and forces the side strips 3 to buckle outwardly under the longitudinal pressure thus applied thereto. The parts of the side strips 3 projecting inwardly beyond the hole are thus forced outwards and fold up to form radially projecting abutments 5 on the inner end of the device, the withdrawal of which through the hole is thus positively prevented. The article 8 to be fixed upon the wall is held in position by the engagement of the screw I in the end 2 of the collapsed device.

In order further to facilitate ready collapsing or deformation of the device, the strips 3 may be provided with oppositely arranged indentations or corrugations as indicated at 9 in Figure 6, these being stamped in the strips when blanking out or during the course of the subsequent pressing operation. The object of these indentations 9 is not to arrange for collapse at any particular point but to initiate the outward buckling, the actual points of fold in the side strips being determined by the length of the side strips projecting through the hole and, therefore, capable of deformation. A plurality of such indentations a may, if desired, be arranged in each strip 3. Further to facilitate collapsing of the side strips 3, the latter may in the course of manufacture be given a slight outward set as shown in Figures 1 and 2, the resiliency 'of the metal causing such strips 3 to be slightly outwardly curved, as shown in Figure 3, when the members 4, 4 are brought together by the insertion of the device into its hole.

In order to ensure that after collapse of the device a substantial area of the outer surface of each strip 3 shall lie in contact with the inner face of the Wall through which the device has been passed, the said strips are advantageously so formed that longitudinal pressure thereon causes outward buckling of each strip to be initiated at a point in the length thereof projecting inwardly beyond the inner face of the hole in the wall board or the like which is nearer to the wall than to the screwed end 2 of the device.

In order so to predetermine the point at which such outward buckling shall be initiated, the nicks or indentations 9 therein maybe suitably positioned, or alternatively the strips may be of tapering width, i. e. the width of each strip may be increased towards the screwed end of the socket (not shown), the inner end of each strip thus being relatively more strongly resistant to 4 collapse than the part thereof closer to the inner face of the wall.

Thus, when longitudinal pressure is exerted upon the device, the strips 3 collapse at a point I! substantially one third of the inwardly projecting .length thereof beyond the wall 5, as shown in Figure 5a, the part I8 thereof adjacent to the wall is caused to lie closely thereagainst.

' In order to prevent rotation of the device in its hole when being collapsed or deformed, or after such collapsing or deformation, ribs, tongues or projections IIi may extend laterally from the head members 4, 4 as shown in Figures 1 to 6, such projections biting into the sides of the hole in the wall and positively preventing rotation of the device therein.

The form of device according to the invention shown in Figure 7 is especially suitable for use with thin cardboard or metal. Instead of the head member being provided with projections to prevent rotation, the said head member II is made hexagonal in shape so that, when driven into a circular hole of approximately the same diameter as the distance across the flats of the hexagon, the head member I I of the device I5 becomes firmly fixed against rotation. Nicks or indentations I3 may be provided in the arms I8 of the device in order to facilitate initiation of the collapse of such arms IS. The device is further provided with bent over lugs I2 as shown in Figure 7, to form a partial flange, partly'to prevent the device I5 being pushed right through the aperture and partly to provide an adequate surface to bear against the back of the article being fixed when the screw is being tightened. In this form of device, the diameter of the bore formed in the end M thereof is preferably such that the external diameter of the screw is only slightly less than the internal diameter of the device, so that when the side strips It thereof are collapsed to form radial abutments on the inner face of the walls, since each such abutment comprises two thicknesses of metal (in a manner similar to that shown in Figure 5) the force required to destroy the fixing by forcible withdrawal of the screw is equal either to the strength of the screw itself or to the strength of the material of the wall or the like through a hole in which the device has been inserted. Since the inner collapsed portion of the device comprises two thicknesses of the strip from which it is made, and the space between the internal wall of the prepared hole in the wall or the like and the exterior of the screw is substantially only a single thickness of such strip, it will be appreciated that to withdraw the collapsed portion of the device through the prepared hole would be impossible without destruction either of the screw or of the wall itself.

We claim:

1. An expanding fastener comprising an internally threaded, substantially cylindrical end member adapted to be engaged by a screwthreaded member passing through the device, and a pair of oppositely disposed deformable strips adapted to extend through a wall having 'a pre-formed hole, each of said strips being formed integrally-at one end with said end member and having its other end free, the free ends of said strips being enlarged and transversely curved so that, when said curved and enlarged end portions are brought together, a substantially cylindrical head member is formed for place- -ment in said preformed hole, the deformable strips being inclined with respect to the longitudinal axis of the fastener in such a manner that the free ends of the deformable strips are disposed in positions rotationally displaced about said axis relatively to the ends of the strips attached to the end members of the device, such rotationally displaced relative positions of the said free ends being in the same sense as the sense of forward rotation of the screw-threaded member to be inserted into the end member.

2. An expanding fastener in accordance with claim 1, wherein the corresponding ends of. the deformable strips are diagonally oppositely disposed with respect to each other.

3. An expanding fastener in accordance with claim 1, wherein each of said enlarged and curved end portions is provided at one edge with a lateral projection for engagement with the surface of the preformed hole to prevent rotation of the head member.

4. An expanding fastener in accordance with claim 1, wherein each deformable strip is formed with at least one transverse corrugation in order to facilitate collapse or deformation thereof at a desired point in its length.

5. 'An expanding fastener in accordance with claim 1, wherein each deformable strip is bent slightly outwardly in the form of a bow in order to facilitate collapse or deformation thereof.

5. An expanding fastener in accordance with claim 1, wherein the fastener is composed of a unitary piece of sheet metal.

. CECIL ARTHUR TAYLOR.

HAROLD HIBBERT.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS

US610094A 1944-08-17 1945-08-10 Expanding fastener Expired - Lifetime US2538601A (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2762252A (en) * 1955-04-27 1956-09-11 Diamond Expansion Bolt Co One-piece collapsible sheet metal bolt anchor
US2933827A (en) * 1956-07-26 1960-04-26 Alberts Cecil Darwin Educational device
US2964989A (en) * 1948-07-01 1960-12-20 Croessant Machine Works Inc Expanding screw anchor
US3365999A (en) * 1966-05-26 1968-01-30 United Shoe Machinery Corp Screw-anchoring devices
US3381566A (en) * 1966-05-06 1968-05-07 La Roy B. Passer Hollow wall anchor bolt
US4269106A (en) * 1978-03-06 1981-05-26 Hilti Aktiengesellschaft Dowel for a hollow wall structure
FR2549914A1 (en) * 1983-07-28 1985-02-01 Perfection Spring & Stamping INTERNAL NUT FOR ADJUSTING THE TENSION OF A HELICOIDAL SPRING
DE19653520C2 (en) * 1996-12-20 2000-03-09 Tox Duebel Werk Metal dowels
EP1568899A1 (en) * 2004-02-27 2005-08-31 Häfele GmbH & Co. KG Expansion dowel and bolt
US20060142764A1 (en) * 2004-12-23 2006-06-29 Michael Zielsdorf Intramedullary nail

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US779896A (en) * 1904-08-08 1905-01-10 John Wood Jr Flanged pipe.
US2017421A (en) * 1934-04-16 1935-10-15 Newhall Henry B Corp Crimp nut
US2018251A (en) * 1934-05-23 1935-10-22 Croessant George Frederick Anchoring socket for bolts
US2148977A (en) * 1938-09-06 1939-02-28 George D Buck Hollow plug for walls
US2236079A (en) * 1940-02-23 1941-03-25 Mone B Call Wall bolt
US2244977A (en) * 1939-12-29 1941-06-10 Tinnerman Products Inc Fastening device
US2396501A (en) * 1944-09-11 1946-03-12 Marshall D Gibson Wall plug

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US779896A (en) * 1904-08-08 1905-01-10 John Wood Jr Flanged pipe.
US2017421A (en) * 1934-04-16 1935-10-15 Newhall Henry B Corp Crimp nut
US2018251A (en) * 1934-05-23 1935-10-22 Croessant George Frederick Anchoring socket for bolts
US2148977A (en) * 1938-09-06 1939-02-28 George D Buck Hollow plug for walls
US2244977A (en) * 1939-12-29 1941-06-10 Tinnerman Products Inc Fastening device
US2236079A (en) * 1940-02-23 1941-03-25 Mone B Call Wall bolt
US2396501A (en) * 1944-09-11 1946-03-12 Marshall D Gibson Wall plug

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2964989A (en) * 1948-07-01 1960-12-20 Croessant Machine Works Inc Expanding screw anchor
US2762252A (en) * 1955-04-27 1956-09-11 Diamond Expansion Bolt Co One-piece collapsible sheet metal bolt anchor
US2933827A (en) * 1956-07-26 1960-04-26 Alberts Cecil Darwin Educational device
US3381566A (en) * 1966-05-06 1968-05-07 La Roy B. Passer Hollow wall anchor bolt
US3365999A (en) * 1966-05-26 1968-01-30 United Shoe Machinery Corp Screw-anchoring devices
US4269106A (en) * 1978-03-06 1981-05-26 Hilti Aktiengesellschaft Dowel for a hollow wall structure
FR2549914A1 (en) * 1983-07-28 1985-02-01 Perfection Spring & Stamping INTERNAL NUT FOR ADJUSTING THE TENSION OF A HELICOIDAL SPRING
DE19653520C2 (en) * 1996-12-20 2000-03-09 Tox Duebel Werk Metal dowels
EP1568899A1 (en) * 2004-02-27 2005-08-31 Häfele GmbH & Co. KG Expansion dowel and bolt
US20060142764A1 (en) * 2004-12-23 2006-06-29 Michael Zielsdorf Intramedullary nail

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