US2535143A - String for musical instruments - Google Patents

String for musical instruments Download PDF

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Publication number
US2535143A
US2535143A US14055A US1405548A US2535143A US 2535143 A US2535143 A US 2535143A US 14055 A US14055 A US 14055A US 1405548 A US1405548 A US 1405548A US 2535143 A US2535143 A US 2535143A
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United States
Prior art keywords
string
core
attaching
musical instruments
button
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Expired - Lifetime
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US14055A
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Jr Jan Kosmis
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Individual
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Individual
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D3/00Details of, or accessories for, stringed musical instruments, e.g. slide-bars
    • G10D3/10Strings

Description

Dec. 26, 1950 J, osm s, JR 2,535,143
STRING FOR MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS Filed March 10, 1948 IN V EN TOR.
Y Kos/ s .Zq BY WZQB/Z,
n Trek v6 Patented Dec. 26,3950 s-.;r
PATENT; OFFICE STRING FOR MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS Jan Kosmis, J r., Amsterdam, Netherlands Application March 10, 1948, Serial No. 14,055 In the Netherlands March 13, 1947 1 Claim. 1
The process of manufacturing strings for musical instruments at present is being carried out as follows:
A core having the length of the string to be made and generally consisting of steel wire, is provided at one of its ends with an attaching loop or button, after which the remaining portion of the core is covered by windings of a pliable metal that generally is of a more precious kind.
With strings of this nature the core therefore will be unprotected on the portion by means of which the string is to be attached to the instrument.
The attaching loop which is to be passed about a hook provided on the instrument, for example, will, when the string is tightened, be sharply bent at the angles of the hook, so that it will be locally under a heavy stress, because of which strings of this kind are liable to break very soon. Another drawback resides in the fact, that the unprotected core is likely to corrode, which will cause breakage and will render the strings unsaleable if still in stock.
According to the present invention the said drawbacks are obviated by the feature that the spiral windings reach to the end of the attaching portion in ouestion, in such a way that the said windings will extend at least over the bent portions of the core and are bent together with the said core.
Because of this, the bent parts of the attaching portion are bound to be less acute. so that the above mentioned drawback of a local overloading of the core that takes up the stress cannot present itself. This measure also serves to prevent corrosion. since the metal of the windings, because of its excellent quality, is much less, or not at all, liable to corrosion.
The principle described above makes it possible to form the attachingends in various efflcacious ways which up to the present, it was not possible to apply.
It is possible. e. g., to tie the attaching end into a knot, ifdesired in the shape of a spiral wound backwards; with the core alone it is impossible to accomplish this, since in the first place the said core is, far too resilient and would straighten out a ain, if not covered by windings, and in the second place there would not remain any portion of the core extending beyond the windings.
Another efflcacious embodiment is the one in which the attaching portion of the string is passed through an opening in a button, a plate,
i or the like, which is adapted to be sealed by compression, while the bent end of the attaching portion is locked in a recess provided inside the said button, knob or plate.
If this should be carried out with the core alone, the said core would be flattened out and/or would straighten out so that the string would be pulled out of the opening in the button or plate.
The present invention, moreover, makes it possible to produce mechanically continuous lengths of string material, thus creating a much faster and cheaper method of working than according to the old system of producing the strings one by one.
One only need to cut from the length of wire thus obtained, pieces having the length required for a string in order to obtain, after the formation of an attaching end according to the above mentioned principle, a string of a far better quality than that of those now being placed upon the market.
In the accompanying drawing three different embodiments of the attaching ends according to the invention, are represented.
Fig. 1 shows an attaching loop I formed according to the invention. The end 2 of the loop is passed around the string 3 and secured to the same.
Fig. 2 shows an attaching knot formed by winding the covered core backwards.
Fig. 3 represents a button or knob 5 provided with a passage 6 for the string which has been bent at l. The button is provided with a recess 8. After the button has been compressed the bent portion 1 will be entirely enclosed and can no longer be pulled out of the button 5.
It will be clear that the invention may be put into practice in various other ways, provided the requirements stated in the following main claim are complied with.
I claim:
A string for a musical instrument comprising, a core generally made of steel wire, and a covering over said core, said covering being formed of pliable metal spirally wound, and an attaching formation at one end of said string, said attaching formation including a portion of said core extended away from the normal continuation thereof in the form of a bend, said spiral covering continuing oversaid bend of said core and covering said core around said bend, and a collapsible element having an opening in one face thereof wherein said string is passed through said opening with said attaching formation re- 3 ceived within the body of said element, whereby on collapse of said element by compression said attaching formation will be enclosed within the body of said element.
JAN KOSMIS, J R.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the 10 file of this patent:
Number UNITED STATES PATENTS Name Date Gray Apr. 2, 1878 Wells Jan. 17, 1899 Bowe Apr. 8, 1919 Cogozzo July 22, 1919 Olson Sept. 18, 1923 Fisher Sept. 11, 1928 Gray Aug. 4, 1936 Gray Aug. 4, 1936 Kaplan June 18, 1940
US14055A 1947-03-13 1948-03-10 String for musical instruments Expired - Lifetime US2535143A (en)

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Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2983177A (en) * 1958-05-23 1961-05-09 Meridan Corp Electronic piano
US3130626A (en) * 1962-12-05 1964-04-28 Herco Products Inc Strings for musical instruments
US3143913A (en) * 1962-05-28 1964-08-11 Julien A Bried Violin-bow
US3313196A (en) * 1963-07-12 1967-04-11 E & O Mari Inc Musical instrument string having improved anchor means and method of making the same
US3777613A (en) * 1972-07-24 1973-12-11 Columbia Broadcasting Syst Inc Guitar strings with enlarged end
US4034456A (en) * 1975-12-11 1977-07-12 Bowers Robert H Machine for providing ball ends on musical instrument strings
US4037506A (en) * 1973-05-20 1977-07-26 James How Industries Limited Strings for musical instruments
US4164806A (en) * 1977-01-05 1979-08-21 National Musical String Company Method for attaching an end bead to a musical instrument string
US4184405A (en) * 1973-05-20 1980-01-22 How James C Strings for musical instruments
US4581976A (en) * 1984-08-28 1986-04-15 Ernie Ball, Inc. Reinforced musical instrument string
US5361667A (en) * 1992-01-16 1994-11-08 Pritchard Eric K Termination for strings of a musical instrument
EP0806757A2 (en) * 1996-05-06 1997-11-12 Fender Musical Instruments Corporation Manufacturing guitar strings
US20080041213A1 (en) * 2006-08-21 2008-02-21 Jacob Richter Musical instrument string

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US202020A (en) * 1878-04-02 Improvement in piano-strings
US617915A (en) * 1899-01-17 Tailpiece for stringed musical instruments
US1300112A (en) * 1918-06-28 1919-04-08 James Henry Bowe Violin-string.
US1310791A (en) * 1919-07-22 Planooraph co
US1468323A (en) * 1922-02-06 1923-09-18 Frederick C Lewis Musical-instrument string
US1684057A (en) * 1924-02-09 1928-09-11 Theodore Wittemann Tensioning device for metal strings for musical instruments
US2049769A (en) * 1933-09-21 1936-08-04 Charles B Gray Musical instrument string
US2049770A (en) * 1935-10-16 1936-08-04 Charles B Gray Musical instrument string
US2205144A (en) * 1939-04-15 1940-06-18 Kaplan Musical String Co String for musical instruments

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US202020A (en) * 1878-04-02 Improvement in piano-strings
US617915A (en) * 1899-01-17 Tailpiece for stringed musical instruments
US1310791A (en) * 1919-07-22 Planooraph co
US1300112A (en) * 1918-06-28 1919-04-08 James Henry Bowe Violin-string.
US1468323A (en) * 1922-02-06 1923-09-18 Frederick C Lewis Musical-instrument string
US1684057A (en) * 1924-02-09 1928-09-11 Theodore Wittemann Tensioning device for metal strings for musical instruments
US2049769A (en) * 1933-09-21 1936-08-04 Charles B Gray Musical instrument string
US2049770A (en) * 1935-10-16 1936-08-04 Charles B Gray Musical instrument string
US2205144A (en) * 1939-04-15 1940-06-18 Kaplan Musical String Co String for musical instruments

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2983177A (en) * 1958-05-23 1961-05-09 Meridan Corp Electronic piano
US3143913A (en) * 1962-05-28 1964-08-11 Julien A Bried Violin-bow
US3130626A (en) * 1962-12-05 1964-04-28 Herco Products Inc Strings for musical instruments
US3313196A (en) * 1963-07-12 1967-04-11 E & O Mari Inc Musical instrument string having improved anchor means and method of making the same
US3777613A (en) * 1972-07-24 1973-12-11 Columbia Broadcasting Syst Inc Guitar strings with enlarged end
US4184405A (en) * 1973-05-20 1980-01-22 How James C Strings for musical instruments
US4037506A (en) * 1973-05-20 1977-07-26 James How Industries Limited Strings for musical instruments
US4034456A (en) * 1975-12-11 1977-07-12 Bowers Robert H Machine for providing ball ends on musical instrument strings
US4164806A (en) * 1977-01-05 1979-08-21 National Musical String Company Method for attaching an end bead to a musical instrument string
US4581976A (en) * 1984-08-28 1986-04-15 Ernie Ball, Inc. Reinforced musical instrument string
US5361667A (en) * 1992-01-16 1994-11-08 Pritchard Eric K Termination for strings of a musical instrument
EP0806757A2 (en) * 1996-05-06 1997-11-12 Fender Musical Instruments Corporation Manufacturing guitar strings
EP0806757A3 (en) * 1996-05-06 1998-07-08 Fender Musical Instruments Corporation Manufacturing guitar strings
US5913257A (en) * 1996-05-06 1999-06-15 Fender Musical Instruments Corp. Method of manufacturing guitar strings, and guitar strings resulting from such method
US20080041213A1 (en) * 2006-08-21 2008-02-21 Jacob Richter Musical instrument string
US7589266B2 (en) 2006-08-21 2009-09-15 Zuli Holdings, Ltd. Musical instrument string
US20090272246A1 (en) * 2006-08-21 2009-11-05 Zuli Holdings Ltd. Musical instrument string
US8049088B2 (en) 2006-08-21 2011-11-01 Zuli Holdings, Ltd. Musical instrument string

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