US2534032A - Refrigerator defrosting system - Google Patents

Refrigerator defrosting system Download PDF

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US2534032A
US2534032A US550166A US55016644A US2534032A US 2534032 A US2534032 A US 2534032A US 550166 A US550166 A US 550166A US 55016644 A US55016644 A US 55016644A US 2534032 A US2534032 A US 2534032A
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evaporator
fluid
compressor
refrigerator
refrigerant fluid
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US550166A
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Kollsman Paul
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Kollsman Paul
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25DREFRIGERATORS; COLD ROOMS; ICE-BOXES; COOLING OR FREEZING APPARATUS NOT COVERED BY ANY OTHER SUBCLASS
    • F25D21/00Defrosting; Preventing frosting; Removing condensed or defrost water
    • F25D21/002Defroster control
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B2600/00Control issues
    • F25B2600/23Time delays
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25DREFRIGERATORS; COLD ROOMS; ICE-BOXES; COOLING OR FREEZING APPARATUS NOT COVERED BY ANY OTHER SUBCLASS
    • F25D2700/00Means for sensing or measuring; Sensors therefor
    • F25D2700/02Sensors detecting door opening

Description

Dec. 12, 1950` p. KOLLSMN 2,534,o32

REFRIGERATOR DEFROSTING SYSTEM Filed Aug. 19, 1944 I lr i INVENTOR. Paul Klsmu,

ATTORNEJ' Patented Dec. 12, 1950 UNITED STATES- PATENT OFFICE REFRIGERATOR DEFROSTING SYSTEM Paul Kollsman, New York, N. Y.

Application August 19, 1944, Serial No. 550,166

This invention relates to mechanical refrigera tion and refrigerators, and more particularly to the automatic defrosting of the evaporator coils of such refrigerators.

One object of the invention is to provide a mechanical refrigerator of the compressor, condenser, receiver, evaporator type with means for automatically passing warm refrigerant fluid from the receiver into the evaporator so as to quickly raise the temperature thereof and effect the removal of frost accumulation thereon.

:Another object of the invention is to efiect an automatic quick defrosting of the evaporator coils of a refrigerator each time that the refrigerator enclosure is opened.

Another object of the invention is to provide for quick defrosting of the evaporator of a mechanical refrigerator by by-passing the expansion valve and passing the warm refrigerant fluid directly into the evaporator.

Other objects and features of the invention will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art from the specification and appended drawings illustrating certain preferred embodiments in which:

Figure 1 is a diagrammatic front elevational view of a mechanical refrigerator according to the present invention.

Figure 2 is a detailed view, partly in section, of a combined expansion and by-pass valve for controlling the flow of refrigerant fluid to the evaporator.

Figure 3 is a simplified wiring diagram of the control circuit for the by-pass valve through the conventional refrigerator door switch.

Figure 4 is a simplified wiring diagram similar to Figure 3 but including a time delay relay for maintaining defrosting operation for a predetermined time interval after the door is closed.

The refrigerator as represented in Figure 1 comprises a cabinet l havin an openable door 2 for the refrigerated compartment. Within the lower compartment of the cabinet are disposed an electric motor 3 driving a compressor 4 whose pressure outlet is connected to condenser coil 5. The outlet of the condense' 5 is connected to a receiver 6 for the refrigerant fluid. Within the refrigerated compartment is disposed the evaporator coil 'I having itsinlet connected through expansion valve 8 and conduit 9 to the receiver E. The outlet of the evaporator coil 6 leads to a liquid trap I I which in turn is connected through conduit. |2 to the intake of the compressor 4.

The expansion valve 8, as shown in Figure 1, is of the temperature control type having a temo Claims. (Cl. s'e- 3) perature responsive bulb !3 responsivc to the outlet of the evaporator. Conventionaly, an automatic expansion valve, pressure controlled. can be substituted for the thermostatically controlled expansion valve.

According to the present invention, a by-pass valve for the cxpansion valve is provided and. as herein speciflcally disclosed, these are combined into a unitary structure as shown in Figure 2. The valve inlet at M is connected through conduit 9 to the receiver 6. The valve outlet !5 is connected to the evaporator coil The expansion valve control for normal cooling operation is indicated at IS. There is also provided ior the quick defrosting operation, according to the present invention, the solenoid controlled by-pass valve indicated at I'l operated by movement of an armature or core |8 under the control of a solenoid coil i! against the bias of a spring ZI.

Figura 3 illustrates one form of electric circuit for the control according to this invention. The switch 22 may be the conventional door operated switch used to control the illumination within the refrigerated chamber and the light controlled thereby is indicated at 23. However, in series with this circuit there is disposed the solenoid coil 19 Operating the by-pass valve l 1. The motor control thermostatc switch is indicatecl at 24.

The control circuit of Figura 4 is similar to that of Figura 3 but includes a time delay relay having an Operating coil 25 and contacts 26 which close instantaneously but open after a predetermined time interval after deenergization of the coil 25.

In the operation of the defrosting system, according to this invention, when the door 2 to the refrigerated chamber is opened, the switch 22 is closed to complete a circuit through the solenoid coil !9 which attracts the core s and opens the by-pass valve Il. This permits the warm refrigerant fluid from the receiver E to pass directly into the evaporator 'l to quickly raise its temperature and to remove the frost accumulation. With the normal frequency of operation of the door 2, the normal interval of door opening and. increase in the temperature of the evapo'ator will be sufficient to 'remove the frost accumulation; however, under abnormal conditions, it may be desirable to maintain the heating and defrosting cycle for a greater period of time and this may be accomplished by the circuit `of Figure 4 by the settin of the time delay relay so that if the switch 22 is again opened by closing of the door 2, the solenoid I! is maintained energized through the delayed opening O the Contacts 26. When the solenoid.` [9 is deenergized, the by-pass to the valve I'I closes and the 'control of the flow of refrigerant from the receiver 6 is again placed in the normal action of the expansion valve whereupon the cooling cycle within the evaporator l will be resumed.

The trap ll shown in Figure 1 will ordinarily not be required since even in the defrosting cycle the refrigerant fluid within the evaporator 'I will be in the form of a gas due to its lowered pressure. However, in certain installations or under extreme conditions, it is conceivable that the refrigerant fluid may be present in the evaporator as'a liquid and the function of the trap ll is to insure that such liquid will not be carried over into the compressor intake. If any refrigerant in liquid form is caught in the trap it will, upon the resumption of the normal cooling cycle, be changed into a gas and will 'pass to the compressor intake in the usual manner.

While the -invention has been disclosed as-controlling the action of the by-pass valve for the expansion valve by the opening of the refrigerated compartment, it is clear that any other desired motivating condition may be used for automatically efl'ecting'the opening of the by-pass valve to eifect the quick defrosting cycle.

While certain preferred embodiments of the invention have been specifically disclosed, it is understood that the invention is not limited thereto as many variations will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art and the invention is to be given its broadest possible interpretation within the terms of the following claims.

What is claimed is:

l. In a refrigerator, a compressor for the refrigerant fluid, a condenser for the fluid, an evaporator in which the fluid expands to perform a cooling operation, an 'expansion valve controlling the passage of refrigerant fluid between the condenser and the evaporator and means for automatically by-passing the expansion valve in response to an Operating condition to pass the warm refrigerant fluid directly into the evaporator in the'same direction as in the cooling operation to quickly raise the evaporator temperature and effect a defrosting operation.

2. In a refrigerator, a compressor for the refrigerant fluid, a condenser in which the fluid from the compressor is cooled, a receiver in which the fluid from the condenser is stored, an evaporator in which the 'fluid expands to perform a cooling operation, an expansion valve controlling the passage of refrigerant fluid from the receiver into the evaporator, and means for by-passing the expansion valve to pass the warm refrigerant fluid directly into the evaporator in the same direction as in the cooling operation to quickly raise the evaporator temperature and to eifect a defrosting operation.

3. In a refrigerator, a compressor for the refrigerant'fluid, a condenser in which the fluid from the compressor is cooled, a receiver in which the fluid from the condenser is stored, an evaporator in which the fluid expands to perform a cooling operation, an expansion valve controlling the passage of refrigerant fluid from the receiver into the evaporator, and means for automatically by-passing the expansion valve in response to an Operating condition to pass the warm refrigerant fluid directly into the evaporator in the same direction as in the cooling operation to quickly raise the evaporator temperature and eflect a defrosting operation.

4. In a refrigerator, a compressor for the refrigerant fluid, a condenser in which the fluid from the compressor is cooled, a. receiver in which the fluid from the condenser is stored, an evaporator in which the fluid expands to perform a cooling operation, an expansion valve controlling the passage of refrigerant fluid from the receiver into the evaporator, and means for by-passing the expansion valve in response to opening of the refrigerated compartment to pass the warm refrigerant fluid directly into the evaporator in the same direction as in the cooling operation to quickly raise the evaporator temperature and efiect a defrosting operation.

5. In a refrigerator, a compressor for the refrigerant fluid, a condenser in which the fluid from the compressor is cooled, a receiver in which the fluid from the condenser is stored, an evaporator in which the fluid expands to perform a cooling operation, an expansion valve controlling the passage of refrigerant fluid from the receiver into the evaporator, means for opening a by-pass around the expansion valve in response to opening of the refrigerated compartment to pass the warm refrigerant fluid directly into the evaporator in the same direction as in the cooling operation to quickly raise the evaporator temperature and eiect a defrosting operation, and means for maintaining said by-pass open for a predetermined time interval after closing of the refrigerated compartment.

6. In a refrigerator, a compressor for the refrigerant fluid, a condenser in which the fluid from the compressor is cooled, a receiver in which the fluid from the condenser is stored, an evaporator in which the fluid expands to perform a cooling operation, an expansion valve controlling the passage of refrigerant fluid from the receiver into the evaporator, a solenoid operated valve providing a direct by-pass around said expansionvalve, a switch operated toclosed position by each opening of the refrigerator door and connected to effect energization of said solenoid valve whereby opening of the refrigerator door effects a by-pass of the expansion valve to pass the warm refrigerant fluid directly into the evaporator in the same direction as in the cooling operation to quickly raise the evaporator temperature and eifect a defrosting operation.

'7. In a refrigerating system, a compressor in which the refrigerant fluid is compressed, an evaporator in which the refrigerant expands to reduce the temperature, and means for automatically passing through the evaporator refrigerant fluid without passing through its normal cooling cycle so as to raise the evaporator temperature to efl'ect a defrostingoperation, and means for eifecting said automatic passage each time the refrigerator enclosure is opened.

8. In a refrigerating'system, a compressor in which the refrigerant fluid is compressed, an evaporator in which the refrigerant expands to reduce the temperature, and means for automatically passing through the evaporator refrigerant fluid without passing through its normal cooling cycle so as to raise the evaporator temperature to efl'ect a defrosting operation, means for efiecting said automatic passage each time the refrigerator enclosure is opened, and means for continuing said automatic passage for a predetermined time interval after closing of the refrigerator enclosure.

9. In a refrigerator, a compressor for the refrigerant fluid, a condenser in which the fluid from the compressor is cooled, an evaporator in which the fluid expands to perform a cooling 76 operation, an expansion valve controning the passage oi' refrigerant fluid between the condenser and evaporator, and means for by-passing the expansion valve each time the refrigerator enclosure is opened to pass the warm refrigerant fluid directly into the evaporator in the same direction as in the cooling operation to quickly raise the evaporator temperature and effect a defrosting operation.

10. A defrosting device for a rei'rigerator, comprising a compressor for the refrigerant fluid; a condenser into which the fluid is Ied by the compressor and in which it is cooled; a receiver in which the cooled fluid leaving the condenser is stored; an evaporator in which the fluid pertorms a cooling operation; means forming a passage between said receiver and said evaporator, said passage including a throttling means forreducing the pressure of the fluid entering the evaporator to perform its cooling cycle, said condenser and the receiver in line with said condenser providing the sole path through which during the cooling and deirosting cycle fluid from said compressor reaches said passage; means !orming a return passage leading from said evaporator to REFERENCES CITED The following references are oi recordin the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 2,128,386 Warren Aug. 30, 1938 2,145,773 Mumy Jan.. 31, 1939 2,281.770 Hoesel May 5, 1942 2.351,140 McCloy June 13, 1944 2,3-84,210 Sunday Sept. 4, 1945 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 119,584 Australia Feb. 14, 1945

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2953906A (en) * 1955-05-09 1960-09-27 Lester K Quick Refrigerant flow control apparatus

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2128386A (en) * 1936-12-14 1938-08-30 Virgil P Warren Dehydrating and defrosting showcase refrigerator
US2145773A (en) * 1933-11-08 1939-01-31 Muffly Glenn Refrigerator and method and apparatus for freezing ice
US2281770A (en) * 1941-01-17 1942-05-05 Peerless Of America Defrosting system
US2351140A (en) * 1941-11-06 1944-06-13 Westinghouse Electric & Mfg Co Refrigeration apparatus
US2384210A (en) * 1941-12-08 1945-09-04 James J Sunday Refrigeration unit

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2145773A (en) * 1933-11-08 1939-01-31 Muffly Glenn Refrigerator and method and apparatus for freezing ice
US2128386A (en) * 1936-12-14 1938-08-30 Virgil P Warren Dehydrating and defrosting showcase refrigerator
US2281770A (en) * 1941-01-17 1942-05-05 Peerless Of America Defrosting system
US2351140A (en) * 1941-11-06 1944-06-13 Westinghouse Electric & Mfg Co Refrigeration apparatus
US2384210A (en) * 1941-12-08 1945-09-04 James J Sunday Refrigeration unit

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2953906A (en) * 1955-05-09 1960-09-27 Lester K Quick Refrigerant flow control apparatus

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