US252576A - Multiple switch-board for telephone-exchanges - Google Patents

Multiple switch-board for telephone-exchanges Download PDF

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US252576A
US252576A US252576DA US252576A US 252576 A US252576 A US 252576A US 252576D A US252576D A US 252576DA US 252576 A US252576 A US 252576A
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board
lines
telephone
boards
exchanges
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Leroy B Firman
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04MTELEPHONIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04M5/00Manual exchanges
    • H04M5/04Arrangements for indicating calls or supervising connections for calling or clearing
    • H04M5/06Arrangements for indicating calls or supervising connections for calling or clearing affording automatic call distribution

Definitions

  • trunk lines were used when it was necessary to connect a line of one board with a lineof another board.
  • a large exchange was thus divided up into a number of exchanges, which could be worked together, when occasion required, as one, by means of trunk lines between the boards.
  • My invention consists in providing two or more switch-boards instead of one. as heretofore,and so connecting the several lines there- 5 with that any two lines can be connected on either of the boards, and also apparatus whereby attendants at a given board may without delay see what lines are connected at other boards than their own.
  • a A A represent the multiple boards, respectively.
  • Each board must have as many terminal plates or switches I 2345, &c., as there are telephone-lines. Only four telephone-lines, a, 1;,0, and d, are shown. They are connected in any of the well-known ways at the subscribers stations, and are there provided with any of the well-known outfits. When an extra wire is used for signaling the central office the telephone-lines are grounded at the terminal stations and terminate at the central office in the insulated terminal plates ofthe switch-boards. The indicator or dummyboard B is placed in sight of all the attendant switchmen.
  • lines a and c are connected at multiple board A and lines I) and d at multiple board A as shown, by cord-s and plugs.
  • the switchmen at the boards immediately on making these connections, notify the attendantat the dummy,who thereupon hangs up the shields or targets on over the figures l and 3 and 2 and I; and, in the same manner, when any line is connected upon either of the multiple boards theligure whichindicatesitsnumberis covered, and a switchman, by glancing at the dummy, sees what lines are connected.
  • the central oifice may be notified when the subscribers are through talking by the American district system, or by sending a current to line at either terminal station and tripping an annunciator number in the circuit at the central office. As soon as the signal to disconnect is received the switchman pulls out the plugst'rom the terminal plates or switches and immediately notifies the attendant at the dummy'board to remove the targets.
  • the dummy-board or indicator should be large enough to accommodate targets or figures which may be readily distinguished by all the switchmen. Figures maybe marked upon the shields o'r targets, and thus the lines in use may be determined by observing the numbers indicated by thefigures upon the targets. Y
  • Each station may be provided with a complete metallic circuit passing through an annunciator number and a switch on each board.

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Signal Processing (AREA)
  • Structure Of Telephone Exchanges (AREA)
  • Sub-Exchange Stations And Push- Button Telephones (AREA)

Description

(No Mudel.)
L. B. FIRMAN.
MULTIPLE SWITCH BOARD FOR TELEPHONE EXCHANGES. No. 252,576.
WVitnesses I11 vent 01 Patented Jan. 17,1882.
UNTTE S ATES ATENT Orrren.
LEROY B. FIRMAN, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, ASSIGNOR TO THE \VESTERN ELECTRIC MANUFACTURING COMPANY, OF SAME PLACE.
MULTIPLE SWITCH=BOARD FOR TE.LEPHONE=EXCHANGES.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 252,576, dated January 17, 1882.
Application filed January 7, 1881. (No model.)
To all whom it may conccrnl:
Be it known that I, Lnnor B. FIRMAN, of Chicago, Illinois, have discovered certain new and useful Improvements in Multiple Switch- Boards for 'lelephone-Exchanges, of which the following is a full, clear, concise, and exact description, reference being bad to the accom panying drawings, forming a part of this specitication.
Prior to my invention the individual lines were grouped upon a single switch-board at the central office, or grouped upon two or more boards. In the latter case trunk lines were used when it was necessary to connect a line of one board with a lineof another board. A large exchange was thus divided up into a number of exchanges, which could be worked together, when occasion required, as one, by means of trunk lines between the boards.
When the number of subscribers increased, so that a single switchman could not do the amountot'switchingrequired,Igavetheswitchman an assistant. I soon found, however, that a single switch-board would not accommodate the number of attendants necessary to do the switching for an exchange of four or five hundred subscribers.
I find by the use of my new system of multiple switch-boards, as hereinafter described,
0 an exchangeofathousand or more subscribers may be successfully handled.
My invention consists in providing two or more switch-boards instead of one. as heretofore,and so connecting the several lines there- 5 with that any two lines can be connected on either of the boards, and also apparatus whereby attendants at a given board may without delay see what lines are connected at other boards than their own.
My device is shown in the drawing, Figure 1, in which A A A represent the multiple boards, respectively. Each board must have as many terminal plates or switches I 2345, &c., as there are telephone-lines. Only four telephone-lines, a, 1;,0, and d, are shown. They are connected in any of the well-known ways at the subscribers stations, and are there provided with any of the well-known outfits. When an extra wire is used for signaling the central office the telephone-lines are grounded at the terminal stations and terminate at the central office in the insulated terminal plates ofthe switch-boards. The indicator or dummyboard B is placed in sight of all the attendant switchmen. I prefer to arrange the multipleboards in line and place the annunciator 0r dummy-board centrally in front of them, so that an attendant, by looking back, can seethe numbers upon the annunicator or dummy. There must be a number or other target corresponding to each subscribers terminal plate or switch. I have shown the figures 1 2 3 4 5 6 in the drawing, the first i'our being indicated through the shields or targets at by dotted lines.
Suppose lines a and c are connected at multiple board A and lines I) and d at multiple board A as shown, by cord-s and plugs. The switchmen at the boards, immediately on making these connections, notify the attendantat the dummy,who thereupon hangs up the shields or targets on over the figures l and 3 and 2 and I; and, in the same manner, when any line is connected upon either of the multiple boards theligure whichindicatesitsnumberis covered, and a switchman, by glancing at the dummy, sees what lines are connected. For example, if the subscriber connected with plate 6 were to ask for the subscriber connected with plate 1, the attendant at board A, before making the connection, must glance at the dummy-board, and in case he should see the target over figure 1 he would know that the line wanted was in use at another board, and, instead of connecting plates 6 and I, he would notify the subscriber connected with plate 6 that the person wanted is busy.
The central oifice may be notified when the subscribers are through talking by the American district system, or by sending a current to line at either terminal station and tripping an annunciator number in the circuit at the central office. As soon as the signal to disconnect is received the switchman pulls out the plugst'rom the terminal plates or switches and immediately notifies the attendant at the dummy'board to remove the targets.
The dummy-board or indicator should be large enough to accommodate targets or figures which may be readily distinguished by all the switchmen. Figures maybe marked upon the shields o'r targets, and thus the lines in use may be determined by observing the numbers indicated by thefigures upon the targets. Y
I do not limit my invention to any particular form of indicator, provided it is soplaced that the switchmen may readilyobserve what telephone-lines are in use at other boards than their own.
The same number of the annunciator is disclosed when a given telephone-line is con nected, whether the connection is made upon one or another of the multiple boards.
There are matters of detail known to all acquainted with telephony that must be left to the judgmentot' the superintendent. Thus independent lines for signaling are especially convenient in large cities, yet some prefer to use the telephone lines for this purpose with a battery or a magneto-box. In the latter case the telephone-lines are grounded at the central oflice after passing respectively through a number of annunciators and their respective switches or cut-outs on the different boards.
Each station may be provided with a complete metallic circuit passing through an annunciator number and a switch on each board.
I do not limit my invention to any particular system of signaling the central otfice or running the circuits between the terminal stations through the central oflice.
I disclaim the clearing-out annunciator in combination with the circuit of two connected lines, this being the subject-matter ofa claim in another of my pending applications.
What I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
l. The combination of two or more switchboards at the central oliice of a telephone-exchange system, to each of which the same telephone-lines are connected, whereby any two of these-lines may be connected together upon either of the multiple switch-boards.
2. Tire combination of two or more multiple boards to which the lines of the terminal stations are connected, and means, as described, whereby the switchman may readily ascertain what lines are in use.
LEROY B. FI RMAN.
\Vi tnesscs:
G. W. EATON, Urns. A. BROWN.
US252576D 1881-01-07 1881-01-07 Multiple switch-board for telephone-exchanges Expired - Lifetime US252576A (en)

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