US2521736A - Speed responsive valve - Google Patents

Speed responsive valve Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2521736A
US2521736A US59069945A US2521736A US 2521736 A US2521736 A US 2521736A US 59069945 A US59069945 A US 59069945A US 2521736 A US2521736 A US 2521736A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
valve
housing
orifice
axis
resilient
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Mallory Marion
Original Assignee
Mallory Marion
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Mallory Marion filed Critical Mallory Marion
Priority to US59069945 priority Critical patent/US2521736A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2521736A publication Critical patent/US2521736A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02DCONTROLLING COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F02D9/00Controlling engines by throttling air or fuel-and-air induction conduits or exhaust conduits
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02DCONTROLLING COMBUSTION ENGINES
    • F02D2700/00Mechanical control of speed or power of a single cylinder piston engine
    • F02D2700/02Controlling by changing the air or fuel supply
    • F02D2700/0217Controlling by changing the air or fuel supply for mixture compressing engines using liquid fuel
    • F02D2700/0225Control of air or mixture supply
    • F02D2700/0228Engines without compressor
    • F02D2700/023Engines without compressor by means of one throttle device
    • F02D2700/0233Engines without compressor by means of one throttle device depending on several parameters
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/7722Line condition change responsive valves
    • Y10T137/7748Combustion engine induction type
    • Y10T137/7752With separate reactor surface

Description

Sept. 12, 1950 M. MALLORY SPEED RESPONSIVE VALVE Filed April 27, 1945 INVENTOR. /Z47r/a/7 Mal 0y mzul mm Patented Sept. 12, 1950- UNIT'ED STATES PATENT OFFICE 14 Claims.
This invention relates to a governor for controlling the speed of an internal combustion engine.
This application is a continuation-in-part of my copending application, Serial No. 466,961,
filed November 25, 1942, now Patent No. 2,381,550. It is the object of this invention to produce a 1 governor which will emciently and accurately control the speed of an internal combustion engine,'whichcan be readily and easily adjusted, either .while the engine is running or dead, to
control the engine at any speed desired within a wide range of speeds.
Big. 1 is a view partly in section showingmy Fig. 2 is a-view partly-in section of a detail of the governor.
The elements of my governor are as follows: intake passageway I in governor housing 2 having an inlet- I and an outlet 4 to the engine, un-
balanced throttle valve 5, throttle shaft 6, crank I, tension spring I tending to hold valve I open, suction device 9, flexible diaphragm it connected to crank 1 by rod ll, suction chamber l2-- connected by conduit 12 with orifice l4 in the intake 1 passageway on the engine side of valve 5, conduit l5 connecting suction chamber 12 with orifice it in the intake passageway on the atmosphere side of valve 5, conduit II connected into conduits I3 and I5 and also with suction chamber I 2, engine driven shaft l8, circumferential pas-, sageway It, diametrical passageway 20 in shaft ll, axial passageway 2| in shaft l8 connecting passageway 20 with chamber 22 within valve housing. 23 fixed on shaft ll, piston valve 24 in 5 nected at one end to valve 24 and at the other end to piston 30, bell crank 22 pivoted on ears 32 (fixed on housing 23) by pin 24, bore 25 in piston 3| which receives ball 36 on the end of one arm of hell crank 22, ball 21 on the other arm of bell crank 32 and journalled in socket 28 which in turn is journalled in the lower end of screw shaft 2! having a screw flt in boss 40 on housing 22, knob 4| for adjusting screw 3!.
The operation of my device is as follows: As
soon as the engine is set in operation, the engine speed will accelerate until it reaches the governed speed whereupon valve 24 will close oriflee. 21 to cut oil the air bleed through orifice 21,
25, passageways 2i, i! and 20, and conduit H to suction chamber l2. With air bleed 21 2 momentarily closed, a vacuum will be built up in suction chamber l2 through conduit l3 and oriflce l4 in the intake passageway and diaphragm II will respond to the vacuum and move valve 5 toward closed position in opposition to spring 8 to throttle the engine in accordance with the load on the engine. If valve 5 moves toward closed position, then orifice it acts as an air bleed to suction chamber l2 so that the full intake passageway vacuum is not established in chamber l2. The speed of the engine will decrease slightly whereupon valve 24 will be opened slightly by tension spring II and also due to the intake passageway suction which tends at all times,
while the engine is running, to hold valve 24 open. Valve 24 rides the vacuum and metering 'pin 28 controls the effective size of air bleed orifice 21 so that suction device 9 will move valve 5 to more or less open position in accordance with the fuel requirements of the engine as the load varies.
If it is desired to raise the top governed speed of my engine, then I turn knob 4| clockwise which moves screw shaft 39 downwardly which acts through bell crank 22 to move piston 30, spring ii and valve 24 to the left, as viewed in the drawing, that is, piston 30 moves away from the center of rotation and piston 24 toward the center of rotation. This adjustment does not change the tension or stress on coil spring 2| because spring 21 is the sole connection between piston Ill and valve 24 and valve 24 is entirely free, except for spring 3|, to move toward piston ll. It can be readily seen that this adjustment to change the governed speed of the engine can be effected while the engine is rotating because the socket 3! rotates in the lower end of shaft 3! which is positioned in line with the axis of rotation of shaft I. and housing 22.
When valve 24 is adjusted to raise the governed speed of the engine, then metering pin 26 is moved toward the large end of tapered opening 21 to increase the effective size of air bleed opening- 21. When piston 24 is adjusted toward the right by turning knob 4i counterclockwise, then metering pin 26 moves toward the small end of tapered orifice 21 and decreases the effective size of the air bleed. This is very important in this type of suction actuated or controlled governor because at higher governed speeds greater air bleeding of the suction device is required than when the governor is set to govern the engine at low speed. If there is too much air bleeding at low speed, the governor will surge and if one reduces the size of the air bleed orifice to prevent surging. then there will not be enough air bleed for the suction device when this type of governor is set to govern at higher speeds. In other words, with this type of suction actuated governor, the higher the speed at which the engine is governed the greater the air bleed, and vice versa.
It is evident that my air bleed valve can be operated to change the governed speed of the engine either while the engine is running or dead, and in so doing the effective size of the air bleed orifice is increased as the governed speed is increased and the eflective size of the air bleed orifice is decreased as the governed speed is decreased. I have shown my suction device 8 actuated by intake passageway suction because this is the preferred arrangement for operating my suction device, but it is understood that I can operate my suction device by any vacuum means which increases the vacuum established in chamber I! as the speed of the engine increases. This, for example, may be accomplished by connecting my suction device 9 into an engine driven vacuum pump rather than into the intake passageway.
I claim:
1. In a governor system for an internal combustion engine having an intake passageway and wherein said governor system comprises a valve for controlling the fiow of motive fluid through said passageway, a suction actuated device connected to said governor valve for imparting movement thereto, and means for establishing a vacuum-in said suction device, the combination of a valve housing rotatable about an axis, an air bleed orifice in said valve housing, a centrifugally unbalanced valve in said housing controlling said air bleed inlet and tending to close the air inlet as the housing reaches a predetermined speed of rotation, resilient means opposing the closing of said air bleed valve, a support member fixed relative to said rotatable housing, and mechanism mounted partly on said valve housing and partly on said support member for adjusting said valve relative to said orifice, the part of said mechanism mounted on said valve housing being rotatable relative to the part of said mechanism mounted on said fixed support, the part of said mechanism mounted on said fixed support being axially movable and the part of said mechanism mounted on said valve housing including an anchor for said resilient means which anchor is movable transversely of the above said axis, the part of the adjusting mechanism mounted on the fixed support being aligned with the axis of rotation of the valve housing, said mechanism being constructed and arranged so that a portion thereof is adjustable on said support member whereby adjustment of the valve relative to the orifice may be effected while the housing is rotating.
2. In a governor system for an internal combustion engine having an intake passageway and wherein said governor system comprises a valve for controlling the fiow of motive fluid through said passageway, a suction actuated device connected to said governor valve for imparting movement thereto, and means for establishing a vacuum in said suction device, the combination of a valve housing rotatable about an axis, an air bleed orifice in said valve housing, a centrifugally unbalanced valve in said housing controlling said air bleed inlet and tending to close the air inlet as the housing reaches a predetermined speed of rotation, a piston in said valve housing, resilient means connecting said piston and valve. a bell crank pivoted on said housing having'one arrr operatively connected to said piston and the other arm having a portion located substantially in the axis of rotation of said valve housing, and means having a rotatable connection with the said portion of said bell crank for moving said portion substantially along the axis of rotation whereby the bell crank can be pivoted to adjust said piston, resilient means and valve relative to the air bleed orifice to change the closing speed of the said valve while the valve housing is rotating.
3. In a governor system for an internal combustion engine having an intake passageway and wherein said governor system comprises a valve for controlling the fiow of motive fluid through said passageway, a suction actuated device connected to said governor valve for imparting movement thereto, and a conduit connecting said suction device into the intake passageway on the engine side of said governor valve for establishing a vacuum in said suction device, the combination of a valve housing rotatable at variable speed about an axis, an air bleed orifice in said valve housing, a centrifugally unbalanced valve in said housing controlling said air bleed inlet and tending to close the air inlet as the housing reaches a predetermined speed of rotation, resilient means opposing the closing of said air bleed valve, and a support member fixed relative to said rotatable housing, and mechanism mounted partly on said valve housing and partly on said fixed support for adjusting said resilient means and said valve relative to said orifice, said mechanism being constructed and arranged so that a portion thereof is positioned on the axis of rotation of said valve housing, the part of said mechanism mounted on the valve housing being rotatable relative to the part of said mechanism mounted on the fixed support whereby adjustment of the resilient means and valve relative to the orifice may be effected while the housing is rotating and without adjusting the stress on said resilient means.
4. In combination a rotatable shaft, a cylinder mounted on said shaft and extending transversely of the axis of rotation of the shaft, an orifice in said cylinder, a centrifugally unbalanced valve in said cylinder controlling said orifice and tending to close the orifice as the shaft reaches a predetermined speed of rotation, resilient means opposing the closing of said valve, an adjustable anchor in said cylinder, said resilient means being connected between said anchor and valve, a support fixed relative to said shaft and cylinder, and mechanism mounted partly on said cylinder and partly on said support for adjusting said anchor, resilient means and valve as a unit relative to said orifice without changing the stress on said resilient means whereby the rotary speed at which said valve closes can be changed by actuation of said adjusting mechanism, said mechanism comprising a member adjustable on said support member axially of said shaft, and a rotary connection between said adjustable member and the' remaining portion of said mechanism positioned on said cylinder.
5. In a governor system for an internal combustion engine having an intake passageway and wherein said governor system comprises a valve for controlling the fiow of motive fiuid through said passageway, a suction actuated device connected to said governor valve for imparting movement thereto, and a conduit connecting said suction device into the intake passageway on the engine side of said governor valve for establishing a vacuum in said suction device, the combination of a shaft rotatable at variable speed, a cylinder mounted on said shaft with the longitudinal axis of the cylinder perpendicular to the axis of rotation of said shaft, an air bleed orifice in one end of said cylinder, a centrifugally unbalanced valve in said cylinder controlling said air bleed orifice and tending to close the air bleed orifice as the cylinder and shaft reach a predetermined speed of rotation, resilient means opposing the closing of said air bleed valve, mechanism mounted on said cylinder for adjusting said resilient means and said valve relative to said orifice, a connection between said mechanism and said resilient means, a support fixed relative to said shaft and cylinder, a member adjustably mounted on said support and aligned with the axis of rotation of said cylinder, a connection between said adjustable member and mechanism. the said mechanism mounted on said cylinder being rotatable relative to the member adjustably mounted on said fixed support whereby adjustment of the resilient means and valve relative to the orifice may be effected while the cylinder and shaft are rotating.
6. In a governor system for an internal combustion engine having an intake passageway and wherein said governor system comprises a valve for controlling the fiow of motive fiuid through said passageway, a suction actuated device connected to said governor valve for imparting movement thereto, and a conduit connecting said suc tion device into the intake passageway on the engine side of said governor valve for establishing a vacuum in said suction device, the combination of a shaft rotatable at a variable speed, a cylinder mounted on said shaft with the longitudinal axis of the cylinder perpendicular to the axis of rotation of said shaft, an air bleed orifice in one end of said cylinder, 3, centrifugally unbalanced valve in said cylinder controlling said air bleed orifice and tending to close the air bleed orifice as the cylinder and shaft reach a predetermined speed of rotation, resilient means opposing the closing of said air bleed valve, mechanism mounted on said cylinder for adjusting said resilient means and said valve relative to said orifice, a connection between said mechanism and said resilient means, a support fixed relative to said shaft and cylinder, a member adjustably mounted on said support along the extended axis of rotation of said shaft and cylinder, a rotary connection between said adjustable member and mechanism whereby adjustment of the resilient means and valve relative to the orifice may be effected while the cylinder and shaft are rotating.
'7. A centrifugal valve mechanism comprising a housing having an orifice, a centrifugally unbalanced valve in said housing and controlling said orifice, said valve and housing being arranged and constructed to rotate about an axis whereby the valve responds to centrifugal force to close said orifice, resilient means opposing the closing of said valve, means carried by said housing and actuatable for adjusting said resilient means and valve as a unit, and setting the same in various positions, relative to said orifice, a stationary support, and actuating means for the aforesaid adjusting means mounted on said support and rotatably connected to the aforesaid means at the axis of rotation of said valve housing whereby said adjusting means can be actuated while said valve mechanism is rotating and the speed at which the centrifugally unbalanced valve closes said orifice is varied.
8. A centrifugal valve mechanism comprising a housing having an orifice, centrifugally unbalanced valve means mounted for reciprocation in said housing, said valve means and housing being constructed and arranged to rotate about an axis whereby the valve responds to centrifugal force to close said orifice, said valve means itself constituting the weight which responds to centrifugal force, resilient means opposing the closing of said valve, and mechanism for effecting an adjustment of the resilient means and valve means relative to said orifice, part of said mechanism being constructed and arranged to revolve around a center aligned with the axis of rotation of said housing and the remainder of said mechanism being actuatable substantially along the axis of rotation of said housing, and actuating means rotatably connected with said last mentioned part of said mechanism at the axis of rotation of said housing whereby said mechanism, can be operated while the valve and housing are rotating to adjust and set the resilient means and valve means relative to the orifice to change the speed at which the valve means closes said orifice.
9. The combination as set forth in claim 8 wherein the first mentioned part of said mechanism includes a bell crank lever pivoted on the valve housing and having one arm operatively connected to said resilient means and the other arm having a portion which rotates substan-- tially on said axis of rotation and is rotatably connected with said last mentioned actuating means so that the bell crank can be pivoted by moving said portion substantially along the axis of rotation to adjust the resilient means and valve relative to said orifice.
10. A centrifugal valve mechanism comprising a housing having an orifice, a centrifugally unbalanced piston valve mounted for reciprocation in said housing, saidpiston valve and housing being constructed and arranged to rotate about an axis whereby the valve responds to centrifugal force to close said orifice, said piston valve itself constituting the weight which responds to centrifugal force, resilient means opposing the closing of said valve, a bell crank pivoted on said housing offset from the axis of rotation, one end of said bell crank being operatively connected to said resilient means and the other endof said bell crank being positioned upon the axis of rotation whereby movement of said other end of the bell crank substantially along the axis of rotation adjusts said resilient means and valve relative to said orifice, and means having a journalled connection with said other end of said bell crank and adapted for adjustment substantially along said axis of rotation for moving said bell crank whereby the valve mechanism can be adjusted while in operation to change the speed at which the valve closes.
11. A centrifugal valve mechanism comprising a housing having an orifice, a centrifugally unbalanced valve in said housing and controlling said orifice, said valve and housing being arranged and constructed to rotate about an axis whereby the valve responds to centrifugal force to close said orifice, resilient means opposing the closing of said valve, and means constructed and arranged for adjusting both said resilient means and valve and setting the same in various positions relative to said orifice while said valve mechanism is rotating whereby the speed at which the centrii'ugally unbalanced valve closes said orifice is varied, the said adjustment means comprising a piston in said housing on one side of the axis of rotation and the centriiugally unbalanced valve is positioned on the other side of the axis of rotation and wherein the piston is connected to a bell crank lever pivoted on the valve housing and revolving about the axis 01. rotation of said housing.
12. The combination as set forth in claim 11 including means having a rotary connection with one end of the bell crank for adjusting the same about its pivot while the valve mechanism is rotating.
13. A centrifugal valve mechanism comprising a housing having a wall provided with an orifice, a centrifugally unbalanced valve in said housing controlling said orifice, said valve and housing being arranged and constructed to rotate about an axis such that the valve responds to centrifugal force to close said orifice, resilient means opposing the closing of said valve, means for relatively adjusting said valve and the wall 01' said housing having said orifice and set the same at various positions relative to each other, and means rotatably connected with said adjusting means at the axis of rotation'ot said housing whereby the adjusting means can be adjusted while in operation to change the speed at which the valve closes.
14. A centrifugal valve mechanism comprlsins a housing having a wall provided with an orifice. a centrifugally unbalanced valve in said housing controlling said orifice, said valve and housing being arranged and constructed to rotate about an axis such that the valve responds to centrifugal force to close said orifice, resilient means opposing the closing of said valve, means mounted on said housing for relatively adjusting said valve and the wall of said housing having said orifice and set the same in various positions relative to each other, said adjusting means having a portion actuatable along the axis of rota tion of said housing, a stationary support. and actuating means mounted on said support and rotatably connected with said adjusting means at the axis of rotation of said housing whereby the adjusting means can be adjusted while in operation to change the speed at which the valve closes.
MARION MALIDRY.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the tile of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 2,322,764 Mallory June 29, 1943 2,378,158 Roche Jime 12, 1945
US59069945 1945-04-27 1945-04-27 Speed responsive valve Expired - Lifetime US2521736A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US59069945 US2521736A (en) 1945-04-27 1945-04-27 Speed responsive valve

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US59069945 US2521736A (en) 1945-04-27 1945-04-27 Speed responsive valve

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2521736A true US2521736A (en) 1950-09-12

Family

ID=24363315

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US59069945 Expired - Lifetime US2521736A (en) 1945-04-27 1945-04-27 Speed responsive valve

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2521736A (en)

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2691867A (en) * 1950-04-25 1954-10-19 Westinghouse Air Brake Co Fuel control system for turbojet engines
US2708979A (en) * 1950-10-16 1955-05-24 Roland G Reynoldson Automatic speed control mechanism for motor vehicles
US2828725A (en) * 1954-11-22 1958-04-01 Gen Motors Corp Engine governor
US2865624A (en) * 1956-01-13 1958-12-23 Napier & Son Ltd Devices sensitive to rotational speed
US2882915A (en) * 1949-09-30 1959-04-21 Rex C Darnell Centrifugal hydraulic governor
US2916885A (en) * 1954-06-07 1959-12-15 Marvon A Smith Control mechanism for multiple engines
US2935076A (en) * 1955-10-31 1960-05-03 Holley Carburetor Co Engine governor control valve
US3294074A (en) * 1963-09-30 1966-12-27 Filtrona Filter G M B H Supplemental air supply device
US4411244A (en) * 1975-07-31 1983-10-25 Ntn Toyo Bearing Co., Ltd. Air flow measuring device for internal combustion engines

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2322764A (en) * 1942-09-18 1943-06-29 Mallory Marion Governor for internal combustion engines
US2378158A (en) * 1942-06-26 1945-06-12 Clifton R Roche Hydraulic governor control

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2378158A (en) * 1942-06-26 1945-06-12 Clifton R Roche Hydraulic governor control
US2322764A (en) * 1942-09-18 1943-06-29 Mallory Marion Governor for internal combustion engines

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2882915A (en) * 1949-09-30 1959-04-21 Rex C Darnell Centrifugal hydraulic governor
US2691867A (en) * 1950-04-25 1954-10-19 Westinghouse Air Brake Co Fuel control system for turbojet engines
US2708979A (en) * 1950-10-16 1955-05-24 Roland G Reynoldson Automatic speed control mechanism for motor vehicles
US2916885A (en) * 1954-06-07 1959-12-15 Marvon A Smith Control mechanism for multiple engines
US2828725A (en) * 1954-11-22 1958-04-01 Gen Motors Corp Engine governor
US2935076A (en) * 1955-10-31 1960-05-03 Holley Carburetor Co Engine governor control valve
US2865624A (en) * 1956-01-13 1958-12-23 Napier & Son Ltd Devices sensitive to rotational speed
US3294074A (en) * 1963-09-30 1966-12-27 Filtrona Filter G M B H Supplemental air supply device
US4411244A (en) * 1975-07-31 1983-10-25 Ntn Toyo Bearing Co., Ltd. Air flow measuring device for internal combustion engines

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US2356679A (en) Engine governor
US2521736A (en) Speed responsive valve
US2657918A (en) Duplex speed regulator
US2377256A (en) Governor for internal-combustion engines
US2138100A (en) Speed regulator
US2635596A (en) Governor structure
US2450199A (en) Governor
US2148230A (en) Automatic regulator
US2664867A (en) Engine governor
US2716397A (en) Power control for internal combustion engine
US2381550A (en) Engine governor
US2527353A (en) Engine governing apparatus
US2359231A (en) Governor for internal-combustion engines
US2437883A (en) Engine governor
US2355881A (en) Engine governor
US2752145A (en) Hydraulic governor for fuel injection pump
US2322764A (en) Governor for internal combustion engines
US2962015A (en) Fuel feed to engines through a carburetor
US2379945A (en) Speed control governor
US2828725A (en) Engine governor
US2368995A (en) Governor
US2368822A (en) Centrifugal governor
US2569664A (en) Combined mechanical and pneumatic governor
US2415508A (en) Engine governor
US2620821A (en) Speed governor