US2515093A - Machine for making hollow articles - Google Patents

Machine for making hollow articles Download PDF

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US2515093A
US2515093A US11933549A US2515093A US 2515093 A US2515093 A US 2515093A US 11933549 A US11933549 A US 11933549A US 2515093 A US2515093 A US 2515093A
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mold
material
tubular
fluid
plastic
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Elmer E Mills
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Elmer E Mills
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C49/00Blow-moulding, i.e. blowing a preform or parison to a desired shape within a mould; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C49/42Component parts, details or accessories; Auxiliary operations
    • B29C49/58Blowing means
    • B29C49/60Blow-needles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE, IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C49/00Blow-moulding, i.e. blowing a preform or parison to a desired shape within a mould; Apparatus therefor
    • B29C49/28Blow-moulding apparatus
    • B29C49/30Blow-moulding apparatus having movable moulds or mould parts
    • B29C49/36Blow-moulding apparatus having movable moulds or mould parts rotatable about one axis

Description

Jilly 11, 1950 E. E. MILLS I 2,515,093

MACHINE FOR MAKING HOLLOW ARTICLES Filed Oct. 3, 1949 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 '1 54 I7 will 55 H 16\M n1 H l 1 a l I I I l I I I L] II I: L y I \IO 12 Zmnentor 2 ELMER E. MILLS 8D Gttomeg July 11, 1950 E. E. MILLS 2,515,

MACHINE FOR MAKING HOLLOW ARTICLES Filed Oct. 3, 1949 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 M an: 7/ x/ El 4' Snventor g ELMER E. MILLS July 11, 1950 E. E. MILLS 1 MACHINE FOR MAKING HOLLOW ARTICLES Filed Oct. 3, 1949 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 lei M h m 27 I5 29 ll' 4 A L )k 1\ X5 I 24 36 3nnentor ELME-R E4 MILLS /M Patented July 11, 1950 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE MACHINE FOR MAKING HOLLOW ARTICLES Elmer E. Mills, Highland Park, Ill.

Application October 3, 1949, Serial No. 119,335

6 Claims. (Cl. 18-5) This invention relates in general to a machine for fabricating hollow articles, such as containers and particularly bottles, substantially automatically from a tube of thermo-plastic material.

Persons acquainted with the machinery and methods presently in use for manufacturing containers from thermo-plastic material are well aware of the costliness and the complicated character of the machinery. It is also a well known fact that the speed of production of containers, even when using such costly and complicated machlnery, is relatively slow at best.

Accordingly, a primary object of my invention is the provision of an improved machine for fabricating hollow articles, such as containers, from a thermo-plastic material, which machine is much less expensive and much less complicated than presently known machines for the same purposes.

A further object of this invention is the provision of an improved machine for fabricating hollow articles, as aforesaid, whereby a much greater output can be accomplished with less cost and less difliculty than is experienced with presently known types of methods and machines for this purpose.

A further object of this invention is the provision of a machine for fabricating hollow articles, as aforesaid, which can be combined substantially directly with a molding machine, such as of the extrusion type, for producing thermo-plastic tubing of an appropriate size.

A further object of this invention is the provision of a machine for fabricating hollow articles, as aforesaid, whereby, a thermo-plastic tubing is fed into said machine while in a. softened condition and is formed into said articles completely automatically.

Further objects and purposes of this invention will become apparent to persons familiar with this type of equipment upon referring to the accompanying drawings and upon reading the following specification.

In meeting those objects and purposes heretofore mentioned, as well as others incidental thereto and associated therewith, I have provided a movable platform, such as a circular tablerotatable in a horizontal plane, having a plurality of mold halves in vertically opposed pairs supported thereon, said mold pairs being disposed closely adjacent to each other and preferably entirely around the periphery of the table. The upper mold half of each complete mold, which is vertically actuable toward and away from the lower tending into a mold cavity defined by the mold halves. disposed between a pair of said mold halves, and the upper mold half is lowered into engagement with the lower mold half, that portion of the tubing disposed within said mold cavity is sealed at both ends thereof, thereby forming a sealed chamber, and said needle enters said chamber. A fluid under pressure is then forced through the needle and into said chamber thereby ex-- panding the tube against the walls of the mold. The mold is held in the closed position and the fluid pressure is maintained until the thermoplastic has, been appropriately cooled and set. The fluid pressure is then released, the mold is opened, and the formed plastic article may be removed therefrom.

For illustrations of a preferred embodiment of my invention, attention is directed to the accompanying drawings in which:

Figure 1 is a fragmentary, top plan view of the machine to which this invention relates and shows a fragment of a plastic extruding machine.

Figure 2 is a side elevation view of the said" machine shown in Figure 1.

Figure 3 is a side elevation view of a pair of ling the vertical movement of the upper mold half.

Figure 4 is a fragmentary, top plan view of a portion of my machine showing four sets of molds, three sets of which are sectioned along the cutting lines A-A, 3-3, and C-C as shown in Figure 3.

Figure 5 is a cross-sectional view of an open mold substantially as taken along the line V'V of Figure 4.

Figure 6 is a sectional view substantially as taken along the line VI-VI oi Figure 4 and showing a side elevation view of a mold and means for actuating the upper mold half.

Figure 7 is a sectional view of a closed mold substantially as taken along the line VV of Figure 4.

Construction As shown in Figures 1 and 2, the molding machine ID to which the invention relates, is comprised in the particular embodiment here selected for illustrating my preferred machine, of a flat, horizontal, circular table II rotatably supported at the center thereof upon the pedestal I2, by means of the center post IS. A plurality of molds mold half, is provided with a hollow needle ex- I4, arranged in ,vertically opposed halves, are

Thus, when a thermo-plastic tube is lower end of an actuating rod ll of an actuating cylinder II, which cylinder may be supported above the lower mold half I! by any convenient conventional means, such as the support plate 2| and support post 22. a

For the purpose of convenience in description,

the terms "lnwardly and outwardly" as used in this specification shall be understood to have reference to the geometric center of the machine II. The terms upper" and lower" or "upwardly and "downwardly shall be understood to refer to the said machine It, or parts thereof. when positioned and/or operating in their normal manner of use.

It will be clearly understood that the actuating cylinder ll. described as the means for moving the upper mold half with respect to the lower mold half, is herein so dmcribed for illustrative purposes only, and that other similar actuating devices may be used in place of the actuating cylinder l3 without departing from the scope of this invention.

Apairofverticalguidebars23aredisposedat the lateral ends 3| and 32 of each mold for guiding the movement of the upper mold half It. The guide bars 23 are secured to and extend between the lower mold half l and the support plate 2|.

The upper and lower mold halves It and I5.

4 33 are supplied with a fluid, either liquid or gas.

through a supp y tube 45 from a lower plenum chamber 43 (Figure 2) mounted upon the center I post i3 below the table ll.

respectively, may be each provided with opposing mold cavities 24 and 25 (Figures 5 and 7),

which in this particular embodiment of this invention are designed to form a bottle. The upper mold half It is provided with an opening a therethrough, which communicates between the outside surface of the mold block and the mold cavity 25 above the bottle neck'portion 21 thereof. A hollow needle 23, such as a hypodermic needle, is disposed within the opening 23 and extends into the mold cavity-25, so that it pierces the extension 23 of the bottle neck, which extension is later removed. 7 l

The lateral ends 3| and 32 of boththe upper and lower nioldhalves are beveled adjacent to be in some instances, but are not necessarily, slightly-recessed from the adjacent meeting surfaces 35 of the mold halves, forreasons hereinafter disclosed. The lower and upper mold halves l5 and I6, respectively. are each provided with fluid chambers 36 whereby the temperature of the mold may be controlled.

of fluid to the needle 23, respectively, of a single mold i4. The valves and which, as herein' shown, have pivoted rocker arms 4|) and 43a, respectively, rotatably supporting rollers 4| and 4la at one end of each. are preferably radially ali ned with respect to the table ii. The rollers 4| and 4h: are engageable by cams 42 and 42a,

respectively, of any appropriate type, for actuating said valves 38 and 33. The valves 33 and the mold cavities to form'the iaws'or'sharp edges 33 and 34 (Figure 5), which jaws or edges may The upper end of the needle 24 is connected, by means of the fluid tube 31, which passes through an appropriate opening in the table I I, to the flow control valve 33. The actuating cylinder I! may be connected to the flow control valve 33 by means of the fluid tubes 43 and 44, which 135s through an appropriate opening in the table The fluid chambers 33 in the mold halves i5 and I are connected to an upper plenum chamber 41, which is mounted upon the center post l3 above the table II (Figure 1), by means of the fluid tubes 4| and 43. Said fluid chambers 36 in the mold halves l5 and ii are also provided with drain tubes II and 52 which pass therefrom through an appropriate opening in the table II and extend into a drain pan 53 (Figures 2 and 6) supported upon the pedestal l2 beneath the table II. Means, such as a suction pumpinot shown), may be provided for transferring the temperature controlling fluid, such as heating oil or cooling water, from the drain pan 53 under pressure into the upper plenum chamber 41.

The flow control valves 38 and 39 and the cams 42 and 42a are preferably designed and arranged so that the valve '33, which controls the fluid flow to the cylinder I3, is actuated first thereby eflecting a closure of the mold. After.

such closure is completed, the valve 39 is then actuated which causes fluid, such as a gas. to pass through the needle 23. It will be recognized that the fluid flowing through the valves 38 and 39,

and through the fluid chambers 36 may be either a gas or a liquid within the scope of this inven- Operation As shown in Figures 1 and 2, the molding machine ll may be placed near any convenient source of softened plastic tubing 55, such as the output end of a plastic extrusion machine 54. The molding machine I. is preferably positioned so that the lateral center line of the mold cavity, formed by one mold I4, is substantially co-axial with the longitudinal axis IQ of the extrusion machine 54. When the extrusion machine 54 is so disposed, as shown in Figure 1, the table II is rotated in the clock-wise direction, or away from the output end of the extruder and the peripheral velocity of the table is synchronized with the output speed of the extruder.

Any convenient guidin means, not shown, such as a guide tube co-axially surrounding the extruded tube 55, may be provided to control the travel of said extruded tube 55 along a desired path and thereby maintain its proper position with respect to the successive molds.

The plastic tube 55 is caused to rest upon the sharp edges 33 and 34 at the opposite lateral ends of the lower mold hali' l5 (Figure5) of a particular mold [4 as said mold reaches the point of tangency on the table with respect to the axis IQ of the extruder 54. At approximately this moment the upper mold'half I6 is urged downwardly, by appropriate actuation of the valve 38, until it is closed tightly against the lower mold half. The sharp edges 33 and 34, of both the upper and lower mold halves compress the tube 55 almost to the point of cutting it, thereby providing a sealed chamber within that portion of said tube disposed within the mold cavities 24 and "and between the sharp edges 33 and 34. as the upper mold half closes upon the lower mold half, the lower end of the needle 23 pierces the wall of the tube 55 andenters said sealed chamber therewithln. ,Thus, upon the appropriate actuation of the valve 33 a fluid, either gas or liquid, is forced through the needle 23 into the sealed chamber, thereby expanding the tube against the inside walls of the respective mold cavities (Figure 7) and forming a molded article, which in this case is a bottle.

The movement of the upper mold half into engagement with the lower mold half is preferably accomplished while the mold lateral axis is sub- J circulated through the chambers 38 of both the upper and lower mold halves by means of the fluid tubes 48 and 43 and the drain tubes 5| and 52, thereby causing the thermo-plastic to set in the shape of the mold cavities. The fluid pressure within the molded article may then be released, the upper mold half 16 may be raised and the molded article removed from the mold.

It will be observed in this embodiment that by failing to make a complete cut of the plastic tubing between the sharp edges 33 and 34, successive molded articles will be connected by short lengths of the plastic tube 55 thus facilitating the manual removal of the articles from the molds M. It will be recognized, however, that if it becomes desirable to use automatic means for removing, the molded articles from the molds, the sharp edges 33 and 34 may be made flush with the contacting faces 35 of each mold so as to effect a complete cutting of the tube 55 when the upper mold half is brought into engagement with the lower mold half.

The fluid used to expand the tube against the walls of the mold cavity may be either an inert gas, such as air, or an inert liquid, or it may be a fluid having some treating effect on the plastic, such as a hardening agent, or a coating or coloring material.

The composition of the plastic tubing has been herein referred to as thermo-plastic primarily because presently known types of thermo-setting plastics are not suitable to the type of operation above described. However, it will be clearly understood that this invention is not limited to the use of thermo-plastic materials as such, and that the term thermo-plastic as used in the present specification and claims shall refer to any material having generally the necessary plasticity characteristics.

It will be apparent to those familiar with the operation and use of plastics that the exact timing of the introduction of a coolant into the fluid chambers 36 of the mold and the amount of pressure required and the length of time for applying such pressure within the sealed chamber of the tube in the mold cavities will depend upon thetype of plastic material used as well as the condition of the plastic as it leaves the extruder. However, any such variations are to be considered within the scope of this invention.

'It will also be apparent that the molds may be arranged for linear movement, such as by means departing from the of a conveyor belt, without scope of the invention.

Although the above mentioned drawings and description apply to one particular embodiment of said molds becomes substantially aligned with said tubular material; a jaw at each end of each of said molds for collapsing said tubular material and sealing said tubular material against the passage of a fluid at each end of each said mold;

a hollow needle associated with each said mold intermediate said jaws for piercing said tubular material and for admitting a fluid under pressure into the portion'of said tubular material clamped within each said mold after said jaws have sealed said tubular material.

2. In an apparatus for making hollow, plastic articles, the combination 'comprising:' means for continuously supplying softened, plastic, tubular material; a plurality of continuously moving, sectional molds, each successively alignable with said tubular material; means for clamping each of said molds about said tubular material as each of said molds becomes substantially aligned with said tubular material; a pair of cooperating jaws at each end of each of said molds for collapsing said tubular material and sealing each end of that portion of said tubular material in each said mold against the passage of a fluid; means associated with each said mold intermediate said pairs of jaws for piercing said tubular material when each said mold is clamped together for admitting a fluid under pressure into the portion of said tubular material clamped within each said mold after said jaws have sealed the ends of said portion of tubular material.

8. In an apparatus for making hollow, plastic articles, the combination comprising: means for continuously supplying softened, plastic, tubular material; a. plurality of continuously moving. sectional molds, each successively alignable with said tubular material; means for clamping each of said molds about said tubular material as each of said molds becomes substantially aligned with said tubular material; a jaw at each end of each of said molds for collapsing said tubular material and sealing each end of that portion of said tubular material in each said mold against the passage of a fluid; a hollow needle mounted on one section of each said mould intermediate said jaws for piercing said tubular material when each tubular material; means for clamping each or said molds about said tubular material as each oi said molds becomes substantially aligned with said tubular material; a pair of laws at each end oi each or said molds for collapsing said tubular material and sealing each end of that portion of said tubular material in each said mold against the passage of a fluid: a hollow needle associated with each said mold intermediate said pairs 01 laws for piercing said tubular material and for admitting a fluid under pressure into the portion of said tubular material clamped within each said mold after said pairs of jaws have sealed said portion 01 said tubular material.

5. In an apparatus for making hollow, plastic articles, the combination comprising: means for continuously supplying softened, plastic tubular material; a plurality of molds each including a pair of mold halves; means for continuously moving and successively aligning each of said molds with said tubular material; means for clamping said mold halves together about said tubular material as each of said molds becomes aligned with said tubular material; a jaw at each end of each of said molds for collapsing said tubular material and sealing said tubular material against the passage of a fluid at each end of each said mold; a hollow needle associated with each said mold intermediate said jaws for piercing said tubular material and for admitting a fluid under pressure into the portion of said tubular material clamped within each said mold after said Jaws have sealed said tubular material.

6. In an apparatus for making hollow, plastic articles, the combination comprising: means for continuously supplying softened, plastic, tubular material; a plurality of molds each including a pair of mold halves: means for continuously moving and successively aligning each or said molds with said tubular material; means for clamping said mold-halves about said tubular material as each or said molds becomes substantially aligned with said tubular material; a law at each end of each of said mold halves, the Jaws at each end oi each 01' said molds aligned as a pair for collapsing said tubular material and sealing said tubular material against the passage of a fluid at each end of the portion of the tubular material within said mold; a hollow needle associated with each said mold intermediate said jaws for piercing said tubular material and for admitting a fluid under pressure into the portion or said tubular material clamped within each said mold after said jaws have sealed said tubular material.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS "Modern Plastics, The Blowing of Plastics, Oct. 1943, pages 96 and 97.

US2515093A 1949-03-23 1949-10-03 Machine for making hollow articles Expired - Lifetime US2515093A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
GB2572390X 1949-03-23
US2515093A US2515093A (en) 1949-03-23 1949-10-03 Machine for making hollow articles
US2579399A US2579399A (en) 1949-03-23 1951-03-05 Machine for making containers from plastic tubing

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
BE496029A BE496029A (en) 1949-10-03
NL74075C NL74075C (en) 1949-03-23
US2515093A US2515093A (en) 1949-03-23 1949-10-03 Machine for making hollow articles
US2572390A US2572390A (en) 1949-03-23 1950-03-14 Fluid-operated servo mechanism
GB1264550A GB684863A (en) 1949-10-03 1950-05-19 Machine and method for making hollow articles
FR1020377A FR1020377A (en) 1949-03-23 1950-05-24 Method and machine for the automatic production of containers starting from a tube of thermoplastic material
US2579390A US2579390A (en) 1949-03-23 1950-06-30 Method of making hollow articles
ES194433A ES194433A1 (en) 1949-10-03 1950-09-01 A method for forming hollow articles
US2579399A US2579399A (en) 1949-03-23 1951-03-05 Machine for making containers from plastic tubing

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US2579399A Expired - Lifetime US2579399A (en) 1949-03-23 1951-03-05 Machine for making containers from plastic tubing

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US2657431A (en) * 1951-02-08 1953-11-03 Extruded Plastics Inc Method of making plastic articles
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DE937078C (en) * 1950-10-07 1955-12-29 Hahn & Kolb Method and apparatus for producing Hohlkoerpern from waermeformbarer mass
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US2750624A (en) * 1951-09-22 1956-06-19 Royal Mfg Company Inc Machine and method for making hollow articles
US2774993A (en) * 1952-12-30 1956-12-25 Hagen Reinold Process for making grips for handles of pliers and similar handles
US2781551A (en) * 1952-01-05 1957-02-19 Louis J Richerod Method of making hollow containers
US2792591A (en) * 1951-01-23 1957-05-21 Saint Gobain Apparatus for formation of hollow articles
DE1038750B (en) * 1953-06-17 1958-09-11 Reinold Hagen Method and apparatus for the production of bottles or similar Hohlkoerpern of organic thermoplastics
US2853736A (en) * 1955-01-19 1958-09-30 Samuel Dubiner Machine for the manufacture of bottles from plastic material
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US2890483A (en) * 1955-07-01 1959-06-16 Owens Illinois Glass Co Machine for forming plastic containers
US2890485A (en) * 1956-03-28 1959-06-16 Edward R Knowles Apparatus for molding articles
US2900763A (en) * 1955-02-28 1959-08-25 John L Hobin Apparatus for thermometer manufacture
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US3069725A (en) * 1959-04-03 1962-12-25 Andrew A Root Apparatus and method for making foamed plastic containers
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US4968242A (en) * 1987-10-09 1990-11-06 Ball Corporation Apparatus for tandem molding of plastic containers
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US2331702A (en) * 1938-05-13 1943-10-12 Hartford Empire Co Method of molding hollow articles of plastic material
US2354029A (en) * 1938-08-05 1944-07-18 Kingston Arthur William Molding press
US2401564A (en) * 1940-08-16 1946-06-04 Owens Illinois Glass Co Apparatus for making hollow thermoplastic ware
US2331630A (en) * 1941-01-28 1943-10-12 Sun Rubber Co Apparatus for manufacturing hollow rubber articles
US2349176A (en) * 1941-02-12 1944-05-16 Plax Corp Machine for extruding and blowing plastics
US2345977A (en) * 1942-06-24 1944-04-04 Libbey Owens Ford Glass Co Method of molding hollow bodies

Cited By (38)

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US2579390A (en) * 1949-03-23 1951-12-18 Elmer E Mills Method of making hollow articles
DE938878C (en) * 1950-09-25 1956-03-22 Roberto Colombo An apparatus for manufacturing hollow articles of thermoplastic material
US2750625A (en) * 1950-09-25 1956-06-19 Royal Mfg Company Inc Apparatus for continuous moulding of synthetic resins
DE937078C (en) * 1950-10-07 1955-12-29 Hahn & Kolb Method and apparatus for producing Hohlkoerpern from waermeformbarer mass
US2792591A (en) * 1951-01-23 1957-05-21 Saint Gobain Apparatus for formation of hollow articles
US2657431A (en) * 1951-02-08 1953-11-03 Extruded Plastics Inc Method of making plastic articles
US2750624A (en) * 1951-09-22 1956-06-19 Royal Mfg Company Inc Machine and method for making hollow articles
DE911541C (en) * 1951-12-31 1954-05-17 Reinhold Hagen Method and apparatus for coating of the gripping arms of pliers od. Like. With insulating sleeves of thermoplastic materials, in particular polyvinyl chloride
US2781551A (en) * 1952-01-05 1957-02-19 Louis J Richerod Method of making hollow containers
DE1057781B (en) * 1952-03-12 1959-05-21 Injection Molding Co Method and apparatus for producing Hohlkoerpern from organic thermoplastic resins by blowing a blank rohrfoermigen
US2774993A (en) * 1952-12-30 1956-12-25 Hagen Reinold Process for making grips for handles of pliers and similar handles
DE1038750B (en) * 1953-06-17 1958-09-11 Reinold Hagen Method and apparatus for the production of bottles or similar Hohlkoerpern of organic thermoplastics
DE1136095B (en) * 1953-09-21 1962-09-06 Owens Illinois Glass Co Method and apparatus for forming from a Hohlkoerpern emerging from the annular die of an extrusion press hollow strand of thermoplastic material
US2919462A (en) * 1954-03-15 1960-01-05 American Can Co Method of and apparatus for making plastic containers
US2991500A (en) * 1954-06-14 1961-07-11 Hagen Norbert Method and apparatus for making plastic containers
US3008191A (en) * 1954-07-14 1961-11-14 Brockway Glass Co Inc Method for blow molding hollow articles
US2853736A (en) * 1955-01-19 1958-09-30 Samuel Dubiner Machine for the manufacture of bottles from plastic material
US2900763A (en) * 1955-02-28 1959-08-25 John L Hobin Apparatus for thermometer manufacture
US2890483A (en) * 1955-07-01 1959-06-16 Owens Illinois Glass Co Machine for forming plastic containers
US3209677A (en) * 1955-08-02 1965-10-05 Frank S Nanna Heating apparatus for grills
US3041668A (en) * 1956-01-19 1962-07-03 Lockheed Aircraft Corp Methods for forming sheet plastics
US2890485A (en) * 1956-03-28 1959-06-16 Edward R Knowles Apparatus for molding articles
US2967796A (en) * 1957-09-16 1961-01-10 Goodyear Aircraft Corp Method of making tubular structures of laminated fibrous material
US3020595A (en) * 1958-08-29 1962-02-13 Continental Can Co Hollow plastic article molding machine
US3040380A (en) * 1960-12-22 1962-06-26 Joseph J Alosky Apparatus for molding thermoplastic sheets
US3328837A (en) * 1962-09-28 1967-07-04 Union Oil Co Blow-molding apparatus
US3348267A (en) * 1963-01-21 1967-10-24 Inv S Finance Corp Securing device for rotary mold apparatus
US3310834A (en) * 1963-10-30 1967-03-28 Continental Can Co Plastic bottle molding machine
US3345686A (en) * 1963-11-21 1967-10-10 Settembrini Antoine Di Machine for manufacturing plastic containers
US3342913A (en) * 1963-11-29 1967-09-19 Phillips Petroleum Co Process and apparatus for the production of mouldings or extrusions having a cellular structure from thermoplastic synthetic materials
US3513502A (en) * 1967-12-04 1970-05-26 Continental Can Co Quick change holder for a blow needle
US3632249A (en) * 1969-07-01 1972-01-04 Cypro Inc Apparatus for molding hollow plastic articles
US3804573A (en) * 1970-06-16 1974-04-16 Solvay Molding apparatus
US3855380A (en) * 1971-06-09 1974-12-17 Wheeling Stamping Co Method for manufacturing unitary, seamless, collapsible thermoplastic tubes
US3764250A (en) * 1971-11-01 1973-10-09 Graham Eng Corp Blow molding machine
US4696636A (en) * 1985-03-22 1987-09-29 Ball Corporation Thermoplastic container forming apparatus
US20060073233A1 (en) * 2003-05-15 2006-04-06 Struble Douglas S Method and apparatus for blow molding hollow plastic containers
US7153127B2 (en) 2003-05-15 2006-12-26 Graham Packaging Plastic Products Inc. Method and apparatus for blow molding hollow plastic containers

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