US2514529A - Fluid cooling apparatus - Google Patents

Fluid cooling apparatus Download PDF

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US2514529A
US2514529A US68390546A US2514529A US 2514529 A US2514529 A US 2514529A US 68390546 A US68390546 A US 68390546A US 2514529 A US2514529 A US 2514529A
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conduit
member
casing
apparatus
inner
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Louis J Weber
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ConocoPhillips Co
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ConocoPhillips Co
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28CHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT WITHOUT CHEMICAL INTERACTION
    • F28C3/00Other direct-contact heat-exchange apparatus
    • F28C3/02Other direct-contact heat-exchange apparatus the heat-exchange media both being gases or vapours

Description

July 11, 1950 WEBER 2,514,529

FLUID COOLING APPARATUS Filed July 16, 1946 iNVENTOR L,J. WEBER ATTORNEYS Patented July ll, 1950 FLUID COOLING APPARATUS Louis J. Weber, Bartlesville, I :la., assignor to Phillips Petroleum Com Delaware Pony, a corporation of Application July 16, 1946, Serial No. 683,905

6 Claims. (CL 261-117) This invention relates to apparatus for reduc- I ing the temperature of fluids. One aspect of this invention relates to apparatus for quenching high temperature gases. Another aspect of this invention relates to a method for preventing the coking or accumulation of carbon in a transfer line. Still another aspect of this invention relates to a flexible joint.

In various hydrocarbon conversion processes especially those processes using pebble heater type furnaces and reaction chambers, the eifluent gases must be coiled quickly in order to stop the reaction and to minimize the deterioration of subsequent equipment. In conventional equipment for cooling hot gases, the direct contact of the hot gases with the apparatus results in severe stresses because of the variations of temperature in the metal. These stresses eventually cause failure of the apparatus. Especially in the cracking of hydrocarbons in pebble heater type furnaces or reaction chambers, the hot gases entering the cooling apparatus are often at a temperature above 1600 F. and as a result of the injection of the cooling medium therein the cooling apparatus is heated and cooled spot-wise causing severe deformation.

It is therefore an object of this invention to provide a quenching apparatus which will reduce the temperature ofhot gases without imposing undue thermal stresses in the quenching apparatus.

Another object is this invention is to provide a novel apparatus for the quenching of hot gases.

Still another object of this invention is to prevent the accumulation of carbon in the gas transfer line to the quenching chamber.

A further object of this invention is to provide apparatus for the quenching of hot gases which is relatively less susceptible to deterioration at higher temperatures.

It is another object of this invention to provied a flexible member for the passage of a conduit therethrough.

Various other objects and advantages will become apparent to those skilled in the art from the accompanying description and disclosure.

In the drawing forations 8 leading from the annular passagam 8 into the hollow interior of casting 6. A conduit I is provided for introducing steam or other vapor into annular passageway 9. Casting 6 is connected to an L-shaped metal conduit I2 by means of flange II. Conduit I2 passes through a conical shaped or annular tapered member I4 into an outer casing I3, preferably of a cylindrical shape. Conical shaped member I4 comprises an inverted truncated cone or annular tapered member having a flat lip or rim through which conduit I2 extends and adjoins the lower or small end 01 the inverted cone. The conical portion of member I4 is generally constructed of similar material and of similar thickness to conduit I2. Conduit I2 is usually welded to member I4 but conduit I2 may merely be inserted in conical member ll to form a gas-tight fit without departing from the scope of this invention. The lip or rim of member I4 is welded or bolted to outer casing I3. The lower portion of outer 4 casing I3 is of a restricted cross-sectional area and is usually of a conical shape. A cylindrical shell I6 is positioned,- preferably concentrically, within casing I3 in such a manner that conduit I2 extends a short distance into shell I6. Shell I6 is-supported by suitable supports 24. The shape of shell I6 is preferably cylindrical and has a larger diameter than conduit I2 so that conduit I2 may extend a short distance into shell I6. Inner shell I6 forms an outer annular passageway 2I between outer casing I3 and inner shell I6 and also forms an inner passageway 22 within shell I6. A conduit 21 is attached to the lower portion of casing I3 by means of flanges 26. A conduit II and nozzles I8 and I9 provide means for injecting a spray of water or other liquid into inner shell I6. Conduits 23. provide means for introducing steam or other vapor into annular space 2|.

For high temperature work shell I6 and casing I3 are constructed of chrome-nickel-iron alloy of about 25% chromium and 20% nickel. Flange I4 may conveniently be constructed of 18-8 stainless steel.

Although the apparatus shown is illustrated in a vertical position the apparatus maybe placed in a horizontal position without departing from the scope'of this invention. Also steam injection means 23 may be omitted if desired.

Operation In the drawing hot gases to be quenched are passed through hollow casting 6 into conduit I2. Steam is introduced into annular passageway 9 I through line I and is injected into the flowing 3 gaseous stream through perforation or orifices I. The steam forms a protective film on the inner surface of conduit l2 and prevents the accumulation of carbon and carburization of the metal surface. Hot gases from conduit l2 into passageway 22 formed by shell l6. These gases pass in two directions, through outer passageway 2| and through inner passageway 22 to the lower portion of casing I! where they are admixed and recombined. The coeificient of expansion of the conical tapered member 14 and conduit l2 are the same, and therefore, as a result of temperature changes, the member II and conduit l2 expand and contract together. Armular tapered member I is flexible transversely and, therefore, tends to decrease the stress on conduit l2. In this manner the joint of conduit I2 and member I is considerably more flexible than the conventional joints. Steam is injected through conduit 23 to aid in forcing the gaseous mixture through outer passageway 2| and prevents stagnation of the mixture therein. Water is injected through line H and nozzles I8 and I9 into space 22 as a a result of which the hot gases are rapidly cooled. The gases in the annular space 2| are cooled when they contact the gases from space 22 in the lower portion of casing l3. Cooled gases are then passed from casing l3 through conduit 21 to subsequent equipment (not shown) for further cooling or treatment of the gases.

Casting 6 may form the outlet from a pebble heater type reaction chamber and is so constructed as to facilitate the injection of steam through a number of orifices into the reaction chamber eilluent. Steam injection aids in the quenching operation and tends to rovide a protective film of steam on transfer line I2.

At the point of connection of conduit I2 with moved from the cooling apparatus and passed to a second cooling zone for further cooling.

Having described my invention, obviously vari= ous alterations and modifications of the apparatus will become apparent to those skilled in the art \twithout departing from the scope of this invenion.

I claim:

1 1. Apparatus for quenching hot gases comprising in combination an elongated outer casing having an inlet end closure member comprising an annular tapered member forming a flexible joint at its smaller end with an inlet conduit extending through said tapered member into said chamber; an inner elongated tubular member of lesser width than said casing and of greater width than said inlet conduit, extending lengthwise of said casing in spaced-apart relation thereto throughout the length of said tubular member so as to provide an annular chamber between said casing and said tubular member communicating at both ends with the cylindrical chamber within said tubular member, said tubular member surrounding said inlet conduit for a small portion of its length in spaced-apart relation thereto; support means for holding said tubular member in position; conduit means communicating with said cylindrical chamber for injecting a cooling fluid therein; and an outlet conduit connecting with up. By means of the conical shape of member M, the eifect is similar to that of another conduit which is capable of expanding and moving approximately the same as conduit l2.

Inner shell 16 shields outer casing l3 from the water spray. It is well known that when alloy steels are either heated or cooled spot-wise that severe stresses occur in the metal. By placing the shield, such as shield I 6, to protect outer casing II the life of the casing is greatly increasedr when inner shield l6 becomes deformed or otherwise incapable of further use, it may be easily removed by removing member H.

The following example is illustrative only of an application of the present apparatus and should not be considered unnecessarily limiting to the invention:

Example A cracked hydrocarbon eilluent was passed from a pebble heater type conversion chamber into cooling apparatus constructed according to this invention. The gaseous eiiluent at atmospheric pressure and at a temperature of about 1650 F. was passed at a rate of about 11,000 cubicfeet per. minute into the cooling apparatus. A gaseous eifluent at a temperature of about 600 1?. was rethe outlet end of said casing for withdrawing quenched gases from both of said chambers.

2. The apparatus of claim 1 including conduit means extending through said casing into said annular, space for introduction of a cooling fluid thereto.

3. Apparatus for quenching hot gases comprising in combination an outer cylindrical casing having a closure member at the inlet end thereof; an inner cylindrical shell of lesser diameter than said casing axially positioned within said outer casing in spaced-apart relation thereto throughout its length providing an outer annular quenching chamber between said outer casing and said inner shell and an inner cylindrical quenching chamber within said inner shell each in communication with the other at both ends; an annular,

tapered member attached to said closure member and forming a gas-tight flexible joint with an inlet conduit extending therethrough axially of said casing, said conduit being of lesser diameter than said inner shell and extending thereinto a short distance in spaced-apart relation thereto; an eduction conduit connecting with the outlet end of said casing for withdrawing quenched fluid from both of said chambers; support means for holding said shell in position; conduit means for injecting cooling fluid into said inner quenching chamber; and means for injecting a cooling fluid into said inlet conduit around the periphery thereof so as to provide for a protective fluid fllm on the walls of said conduit.

4. Apparatus for quenching hot gases which comprises in combination an outer elongated cylindrical casing having an inlet end closure member comprising an annular axially positioned tapered member surrounding an inlet conduit and forming a gas-tight expansion joint therewith at the smaller end of said tapered member, said inlet conduit extending axially into the interior of said casing a short distance; an inner tubular member of lesser diameter than said outer casing and of greater diameter than said inlet conduit extending axially of said casing to the proximity of the outlet end thereof and surrounding said inlet conduit at the inner end thereof in spaced-apart relation thereto so as to provide an inner cylindrical primary quenching chamber and an outer annular secondary quenching chamber each in communication with the other at the inlet end between said inlet conduit and said tubular member and also at the outlet end; support means for holding said tubular member in position; liquid injector means communicating with said primary quenching chamber; fluid injector means communicating with said secondary quenching chamber; and a tapered member connecting the outlet end of said casing with a conduit of lesser diameter for mixing of quenched gas from the primary and secondary quenching zones and eduction of the same.

5. The apparatus of claim 4 including means for injecting a cooling fluid into said inlet conduit around the periphery thereof so as to provide for the formation of a protective fluid film on the walls or said'conduit.

6. Apparatus for quenching hot gases which comprises in combination an outer elongated upright cylindrical casing having a top closure member; an inner axially positioned cylindrical shell I of lesser diameter spaced apart from said casing nular quenching chamber in communication with each other at both the upper and lower ends; support means for holding said shell in position; an inlet conduit extending axially in gas-tight arrangement through said closure member into said inner quenching chamber a short distance, said conduit being of lesser diameter than said shell so as to provide an annular passageway between said conduit and said shell connecting said inner and outer chambers; a tapered member connecting the lower end of said casing with an eduction conduit of lesser diameter; and injector means for introducing a cooling fluid into said inner chamber.

LOUIS J. WEBER.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are 01' record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 958,752 Mackensen May 24, 1910 1,699,424 Brdar Jan. 15, 1929 1,875,130 Peck Aug. 30, 1932 1,966,859 Heinrich July 1'7, 1934 2,212,288 Decker Aug. 20, 1940 2,321,879 Valdez June 15, 1943 2,421,761 Rowand et a1. June 10, 1947

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3163498A (en) * 1961-10-06 1964-12-29 Foster Wheeler Corp Quench apparatus for reactor tube exits
US3222847A (en) * 1963-09-05 1965-12-14 Cabot Corp Process of spraying and cooling a gas
US3969449A (en) * 1972-03-29 1976-07-13 Imperial Chemical Industries Limited Vaporizing process
US20070126133A1 (en) * 2005-12-07 2007-06-07 Galgano Mark A Vena contracta
WO2007067962A2 (en) * 2005-12-07 2007-06-14 Sonivent, Llc A system and method for alteration of gas content of a liquid

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US958752A (en) * 1909-12-15 1910-05-24 Zeiss Carl Fa Telescopic tube.
US1699424A (en) * 1925-07-27 1929-01-15 Brdar John Smoke consumer
US1875130A (en) * 1928-09-24 1932-08-30 Eaton Mfg Co Reducing bushing
US1966859A (en) * 1931-02-21 1934-07-17 Int Precipitation Co Apparatus for humidifying and cooling dust-laden gases
US2212288A (en) * 1938-10-15 1940-08-20 Lathrop Paulson Co Regenerative steam and water mixing device
US2321879A (en) * 1942-04-17 1943-06-15 Valdez Rafael Gaseous diffuser
US2421761A (en) * 1941-10-10 1947-06-10 Babcock & Wilcox Co Attemperator

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US958752A (en) * 1909-12-15 1910-05-24 Zeiss Carl Fa Telescopic tube.
US1699424A (en) * 1925-07-27 1929-01-15 Brdar John Smoke consumer
US1875130A (en) * 1928-09-24 1932-08-30 Eaton Mfg Co Reducing bushing
US1966859A (en) * 1931-02-21 1934-07-17 Int Precipitation Co Apparatus for humidifying and cooling dust-laden gases
US2212288A (en) * 1938-10-15 1940-08-20 Lathrop Paulson Co Regenerative steam and water mixing device
US2421761A (en) * 1941-10-10 1947-06-10 Babcock & Wilcox Co Attemperator
US2321879A (en) * 1942-04-17 1943-06-15 Valdez Rafael Gaseous diffuser

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3163498A (en) * 1961-10-06 1964-12-29 Foster Wheeler Corp Quench apparatus for reactor tube exits
US3222847A (en) * 1963-09-05 1965-12-14 Cabot Corp Process of spraying and cooling a gas
US3969449A (en) * 1972-03-29 1976-07-13 Imperial Chemical Industries Limited Vaporizing process
US20070126133A1 (en) * 2005-12-07 2007-06-07 Galgano Mark A Vena contracta
US20070126132A1 (en) * 2005-12-07 2007-06-07 Galgano Mark A Vena contracta
WO2007067962A2 (en) * 2005-12-07 2007-06-14 Sonivent, Llc A system and method for alteration of gas content of a liquid
WO2007067962A3 (en) * 2005-12-07 2007-11-29 Sonivent Llc A system and method for alteration of gas content of a liquid

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