US2510693A - Fastening member - Google Patents

Fastening member Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2510693A
US2510693A US52859344A US2510693A US 2510693 A US2510693 A US 2510693A US 52859344 A US52859344 A US 52859344A US 2510693 A US2510693 A US 2510693A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
head
stem
stock
fastening
portion
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Lee B Green
Original Assignee
Lee B Green
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Lee B Green filed Critical Lee B Green
Priority to US52859344 priority Critical patent/US2510693A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2510693A publication Critical patent/US2510693A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C67/00Shaping techniques not covered by groups B29C39/00 - B29C65/00, B29C70/00 or B29C73/00
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29BPREPARATION OR PRETREATMENT OF THE MATERIAL TO BE SHAPED; MAKING GRANULES OR PREFORMS; RECOVERY OF PLASTICS OR OTHER CONSTITUENTS OF WASTE MATERIAL CONTAINING PLASTICS
    • B29B15/00Pretreatment of the material to be shaped, not covered by groups B29B7/00 - B29B13/00
    • B29B15/08Pretreatment of the material to be shaped, not covered by groups B29B7/00 - B29B13/00 of reinforcements or fillers
    • B29B15/10Coating or impregnating independently of the moulding or shaping step
    • B29B15/12Coating or impregnating independently of the moulding or shaping step of reinforcements of indefinite length
    • B29B15/122Coating or impregnating independently of the moulding or shaping step of reinforcements of indefinite length with a matrix in liquid form, e.g. as melt, solution or latex
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C67/00Shaping techniques not covered by groups B29C39/00 - B29C65/00, B29C70/00 or B29C73/00
    • B29C67/0044Shaping techniques not covered by groups B29C39/00 - B29C65/00, B29C70/00 or B29C73/00 for shaping edges or extremities
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C70/00Shaping composites, i.e. plastics material comprising reinforcements, fillers or preformed parts, e.g. inserts
    • B29C70/04Shaping composites, i.e. plastics material comprising reinforcements, fillers or preformed parts, e.g. inserts comprising reinforcements only, e.g. self-reinforcing plastics
    • B29C70/28Shaping operations therefor
    • B29C70/40Shaping or impregnating by compression not applied
    • B29C70/50Shaping or impregnating by compression not applied for producing articles of indefinite length, e.g. prepregs, sheet moulding compounds [SMC] or cross moulding compounds [XMC]
    • B29C70/52Pultrusion, i.e. forming and compressing by continuously pulling through a die
    • B29C70/521Pultrusion, i.e. forming and compressing by continuously pulling through a die and impregnating the reinforcement before the die
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B15/00Nails; Staples
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B19/00Bolts without screw-thread; Pins, including deformable elements; Rivets
    • F16B19/04Rivets; Spigots or the like fastened by riveting
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B33/00Features common to bolt and nut
    • F16B33/006Non-metallic fasteners using screw-thread
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29KINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES B29B, B29C OR B29D, RELATING TO MOULDING MATERIALS OR TO MATERIALS FOR MOULDS, REINFORCEMENTS, FILLERS OR PREFORMED PARTS, e.g. INSERTS
    • B29K2101/00Use of unspecified macromolecular compounds as moulding material
    • B29K2101/12Thermoplastic materials
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29KINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES B29B, B29C OR B29D, RELATING TO MOULDING MATERIALS OR TO MATERIALS FOR MOULDS, REINFORCEMENTS, FILLERS OR PREFORMED PARTS, e.g. INSERTS
    • B29K2105/00Condition, form or state of moulded material or of the material to be shaped
    • B29K2105/06Condition, form or state of moulded material or of the material to be shaped containing reinforcements, fillers or inserts
    • B29K2105/08Condition, form or state of moulded material or of the material to be shaped containing reinforcements, fillers or inserts of continuous length, e.g. cords, rovings, mats, fabrics, strands or yarns
    • B29K2105/10Cords, strands or rovings, e.g. oriented cords, strands or rovings
    • B29K2105/101Oriented
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29LINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS B29C, RELATING TO PARTICULAR ARTICLES
    • B29L2001/00Articles provided with screw threads
    • B29L2001/007Screws
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29LINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS B29C, RELATING TO PARTICULAR ARTICLES
    • B29L2031/00Other particular articles
    • B29L2031/727Fastening elements
    • B29L2031/7286Nails
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29LINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASS B29C, RELATING TO PARTICULAR ARTICLES
    • B29L2031/00Other particular articles
    • B29L2031/727Fastening elements
    • B29L2031/7288Rivets
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S264/00Plastic and nonmetallic article shaping or treating: processes
    • Y10S264/66Processes of reshaping and reforming
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S411/00Expanded, threaded, driven, headed, tool-deformed, or locked-threaded fastener
    • Y10S411/904Fastener or fastener element composed of nonmetallic material
    • Y10S411/906Leather or fabric
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S411/00Expanded, threaded, driven, headed, tool-deformed, or locked-threaded fastener
    • Y10S411/904Fastener or fastener element composed of nonmetallic material
    • Y10S411/908Resinous material
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T156/00Adhesive bonding and miscellaneous chemical manufacture
    • Y10T156/15Combined or convertible surface bonding means and/or assembly means

Description

L. B. GREEN FASTENING MEMBER June 6, 1950 Filed March 29, 1944 INVENTOR. 55 5 Gees/v lhuuunil I,

Patented June 6, 1950 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE FASTENING MEMBER Lee B. Green, Lakewood, Ohio Application March 29, 1944, Serial No. 528,593

4 Claims.

This invention relates to fastening members and, more specifically, aims'to provide a novel form of construction for nails, screws, rivets, staples and the like.

Another object of this invention" is to provide a novel form of construction for fastening members'of the kind mentioned, in which such members aremade of plastic material having a fibrous reinforcing medium therein.

. A further object of the present invention is to provide a novel and economical form of construction and for fastening members of the kind having a stem portion and a head or holding portion, and in which such members are made of a plastic material and having reinforcing fibers therein extending along the stem portion and into the head or holding portion.

Still another object of this invention is to provide a novel form of construction for composite fastening members of the character mentioned, in which the plastic material is a so-called thermoplastic material so as to render certain of such fastening members susceptible of desired operations such as upsetting, thread-rolling or' the like;

The present invention also provides a novel form of composite stock suitable for various uses including the production of different forms of fastening members.

Other objects and advantages of the present invention will be apparent from the following description and accompanying drawing in which:

Fig'. 1 is an elevational view, partly in section and more or less diagrammatic in form, illustrating my novel composite fastening members;

Figs. 2, 3 and 4' are longitudinal sectional views of novel fastening members of the present invention, Fig. 2 showing a nail, Fig. 3 showing a screw and Fig. 4 showing a rivet;

Fig. 5 is a sectional view showing a, fastening formed with the rivet of Fig. 4;

Fig. 6 is a longitudinal sectional view showing a staple produced according to this invention;

Fig. 7 is an elevational view, partly in section, showing composite or reinforced plastic stock of tubular form;

Fig. 8 is a longitudinal sectional view of a hollow rivet produced by the present invention; and

Fig. 9 is a sectional view showing a fastening in which the hollow rivet of Fig. 8 is used.

As already indicated in a general way, this invention provides novel forms of non-metallic composite or reinforced plastic fastening members. At this point of the description it is suiiicient, to explain that the invention provides reinforced plastic stock from which the above men- 1 as indicated at I6a and is provided at its other tioned fastening members can be made, and which stock can be either in the form of a solid rod [0 as shown in Fig. 1 or in the form of a hollow rod II as shown in Fig. 7. The stock is a solidified plastic material having reinforcing fibers l2 running substantially longitudinally therein and, as hereinafter explained in detail, is formed by impregnating a fibrous strand l3 with a suitable thermoplastic material M.

In the drawing I have shown, by way of example, several fastening members which can be produced from the above mentioned fiberreinforced plastic stock. In Fig. 2 I show one of such fastening members in the form of a nail I5 having a stem l6 which is pointed at one end end with an integrally formed upset head or holding portion IT.

The plastic nail I6 can be used as a fastening member in constructing or repairing furniture, for securing roofing material in place and for many other uses in which conventional metal nails have been employed heretofore. The nail l5 can be driven in the same manner as a, conventional metal nail and, depending upon the character of the material into which it is to be driven, may or may not require a preformed hole. In Fig. 3 I show a fastening member in the form of a screw 18 made of fiber-reinforced plastic stock. The screw here shown comprises a stem l9 having an external helical thread 2!] rolled thereon and a head or holding portion 2| formed integral with such stem. This screw can be made by first producing a fiber-reinforced thermoplastic screw blank having a cylindrical stem and thenrolling the thread 20 on such stem by the use of threading dies similar to the conventional thread rolling dies used for producing metal screws but which are heated to cause .sufiicient softening of the plastic material to enable the thread 20 to be formed.

The screw Hi can be screwed into a tapped opening or into a conventional nut, and can be used for many clamping or fastening purposes where conventional metal screws have been used heretofore.

The fastening member shown in Fig. 4 is a rivet 22 made of fiber-reinforced thermoplastic material or stock. The rivet comprises a stem or shank 23 and an upset integral head 24 at one end of such stem.

An important feature involved in each of the headed fastening members shown in Figs. 2, 3 and 4 is that the reinforcing fibers l2 of the plastic material from which these members are made, run longitudinally of the stems of these members and extend therefrom into the preformed head or holding portion. These fibers extend into the head in laterally spreading relation so that all portions of the head will be reinforced by such fibers and cracking or breaking of the head will be prevented. By thus extending the reinforcing fibers from the stem into the head of the fastening member the head will be strongly joined to the stem. and. there will be little likelihood of the. head breaking from the stem.

In Fig. 5, I show a fastening formed by the use of the rivet 22 of Fig. 4. The fastening here shown comprises a pair of plates 26 and 21 which are held in connected relation by means of the rivet 22. The rivet extends through preformed openings 26a and 21a, of the plates and has its head or connecting portion 24 lying on one side of the plates and an upset head 28 on the opposite sides of the plates. In producing such a fastening the stern of the rivet is inserted through. the preformed opening 26a and 21a and isupset by means of pressure applied thereto by a heated riveting tool to form the head. The head thusiormed will also have, the reinforcing fibers l2 extending thereinto from the stem 23 such that this head will. constitute a strong holding portion which,

is not likely to be broken away from the stem.

' In 6 I show a staple sflwhich is also made from fiber-reinforced plastic stool: and can be produced by any suitable staple forming mechanism operating on such stock. The staple here shown comprises spaced arms or stems 3| joined together at one end thereof by means-of a transverse holding portion or arch 32. The spaced arms 3| are pointed at their freeends as indicatedv at 3|a. The. reinforcing fibers I! run longitudinally of the arms 3| andv extend therefrom into. the holding portion 32. and across the angular junctions 33 by which the arms are joinedto the holdingportion. By thus extending the. reinforcing fibers across these junctions, the

staple is strongly reinforced: at these points and.

thetendency for the arms 3| tospread away from each other is.substantially preventedi The staple 3|l can be used for any of the purposes for. which conyentional metal staples are used, for example, it can bedriven. into wood or other material for holding wires or sheet material thereagainst.

In. Fig. 8 I show a hollow rivet 35 which can be made from the fiber-reinforced'hollow plastic stock II. This, rivet comprisesa hollow stem 36 haying an upset holding portion or head 3] at one end: thereof.- along thestem 3B and intothe head 3'| so that the latter will be reinforced and strongly, connected with thestem. In addition to its use for making. hollow rivets and other hollow parts, the hollow stoclrv |.|v can. be used for pipes and conduits.

In Fig. 9 I show a fastening using the hollow rivet 35 of Fig. 8. The fastening here shown comprises a pair of plates 38 and 39 held in clamped or connected relation by means of the hollow rivet 35 extending through preformed openings 33c and 39a thereof. In forming this fastening, the stem of the rivet is inserted through the openings 38a and 39a and is upset by means of a suitable heated riveting tool applied thereto to form the upset head or holding portion 40 on the free end of the stem. The fibers: 2 extend into the head land reinforce the same.

For certainuses it may be desirable that one or more of the above described fastening members be colored. This can be achieved by using a The reinforcing fibers I! extend 4 colored plastic material in producing the fasten.- ing members.

Fig. 1 of the drawing shows one form of apparatus which can be used in producing the fiber reinforced plastic stock and in making therefrom the above described fastening members. The fiber strand l3 may be composed of any suitable fibers, for example, it may consist of vegetable fibers such as hemp or the like. strand It! can. also be formed of hair. or. other animal fibers or could even be formed of small metal wires. The fibers constituting the strand l3 extend generally. longitudinally thereof, although, if desired, the strand can be one formed with a twist therein for maintaining the fibers in more compact relation to each other. A suitable supply of the fiber strand |3 is provided by a rotatably mounted spool or drum 42 from which the strand is unwound by being pulled therefrom.

m e 2. 1. be tte si. a e intoan. impregnating device. 4}. The device. 41 comprisesv a suitable'container or tank 44, con-, taining a quantity of plastic material H in a soft or. fluid condition. plastic material can be maintained in this condition by supplying heat tothe tank 44; asby meansof the heating element 45 lying ce h w ll Q1. he ank. an o. which appropriate heatingmediumsuch as steam, electricity. or the likels supplied, The container 44. may also, include. a. suitable cover 41 at the. top thereof.

A peripherally grooved 4] is rotatably mountedin the container so that a, portion of the drum dips. or extends into.theplastic material M. The strand, lipasse into the impregnating. tank 44 through a gripping device I; and is wrapped around. the peripherally grooved drum 'e e a e ed th t imfi he t and leaves h e e: t nk ml vsh s. new e i r embe h an i dmir s. through t p na i de ise .8. ame s, aroundthedrulh I]. it is m r eqm the plastic material ll soasto becomesoalged or impregnated with such material. Asthe impregnated strand enters thedelivery member-li eness plastic marial sc aped imm raps, y. mea s Q: a. scraper. 5|! tl irough which. the .strandjpesses.

The above mentioned grippingdevlce llispro; videdv for the purpose of maintaining the strand l3 under. tension as, itis pulled t rough regnating device 43, This gripp ,device. may comprise pair. of gripping. elements ljaand of which the. element "of is stationaryand the element 481) a movable. element urged toward the stationaryelement the compression springs T b ve he ce. ive membe can. be maintained in the desired, heated conflition by a heating. element 5% 1e 1:nt iie 1;l t lie eln.

The. impregnated. strand. leaving. the device. 43 is subjected to a cooling or. solidifying treatment, e b m tem a eer ma hs m r snating d s liil'x ngrea men may pr o ng the ma i see. fin 'bv passing the. same. through a. cooling. device 5% which is maintained at the desiredtmper ature. bycirculating water. or other. cooling medium ht ua s ea '03 fi wnii. an

delivery pipes sl a dfslb. 'Ifhecoolirig or the impregnated. strand causes a haridenipmor solid-v ificationof. the plastic material'alod results-in the fiber-reinforced. plastic. rod. or stock "I I can thenbeused for making. the. above described a en e lie err ny. qtlh ea min-I. pose n his nstants, l h rih'e M ts n e tgehswms machine m ltimeter bodies a feed mechanism 5'! for pulling the strand l3 through the impregnating device 43 and feeding it into the dies of the heading machine.

The machine 56 can be a heading machine of any appropriate construction and which embodies a pair of cooperating gripipng and forming dies 60 and 6| and a heading or upsetting die 62. The dies 60 and GI are reciprocably movable toward and away from each other for gripping and shaping the leading end or section of the stock 10 to form the stem portion of a fastening member which, in this instance, is in the form of the nail 15. The dies 60 and BI can be actuated by cams or any other appropriate mechanism (not shown) and have heating elements or passages 63 therein, so that they can be maintained in a heated condition for softening and shaping the thermoplastic stock upon which they operate.

The heading die 62 is also a reciprocable die having a work engaging portion or end 62a which cooperates with the pair of dies 60 and 6| so as to engage and upset the end of the stock It while it is being gripped by such pair of dies. The upsetting operation forms the head I! on the nail l5. The work-engaging portion of the die 62 is maintained in a heated condition as by means of heating elements or passages 65 therein. The desired actuation of the heading die 62, in properly timed relation to the forward feeding of the stock and the gripping thereof by the dies 60 and 6|, can be obtained by means of the pivoted lever 66 and a rotatable cam 51 cooperating with such lever and driven by the shaft 58.

The feed mechanism 51 comprises a reciprocable head 10 having a spring actuated gripping element 7| therein. Reciprocating movement is imparted to the head 51 by a lever 12 which is actuated from the cam 61 by means of the cam follower 13. The gripping element H is shaped so that during movement of the head 10 toward the (lies of the machine 55, the stock will be gripped and fed forward so "as to bring the leading end of the stock into a desired position between the dies 60 and 61. Upon movement of the head 7'0 away from the dies of the machine 56, the element 1i releases its grip and permits the head to move over the stock.

In feeding the stock l to the dies of the machine 56 the leading end can be guided as by means of a pair of guide members 15 located just ahead of the dies 60 and 61. A reciprocable cutoff member 16 located alongside the dies 60 and 61 serves to sever the completed fastening member I from the stock, so that upon opening of the dies the completed fastening member can fall or be ejected therefrom. The cut-off member 16 can be actuated in properly timed relation from the same mechanism which actuates the dies 60 and 6 l.

From the foregoing description and the accompanying drawings it will now be understood that the present invention provides a novel form of construction for fastening members as well as a novel form of bar stock for producing such members. It will be seen also that in the fastening members above described the reinforcing fibers run substantially longitudinally in the stock and in the stem portions of the fastening members formed from such stock and extend into the heads or holding portions of the fastening members to strongly reinforce the same.

While I have illustrated and described the fastening members of my invention in considerable detail, it will be understood, of course, that I do not wish to be correspondingly limited but regard my invention as including all changes and modifications coming within the spirit of the invention and the scope of the appended claims.

Having thus described my invention, I claim:

1. A rivet or the like comprising a stem having a head on one end thereof, said stem and head being formed of solidified non-metallic plastic material having fibers therein running longitudinally of the stem and extending continuously into said head in laterally spreading relation, said plastic material being capable of being heat-softened to permit the formation of a fiberreinforced head on the other end of said stem.

2. A nail formed of solidified non-metallic plastic material and having integrally connected stem and head portions and longitudinally extending reinforcing fibers in the stern portion and extending therefrom into the head portion in continuous and laterally spreading relation.

3. A fastening member of the type having a stem portion and a preformed head portion and adapted to be driven by the application of force to the head portion, comprising an elongated body of solidified non-metallic thermoplastic material consisting of a stem portion and a preformed head portion integral with said stem portion and connected with one end of the latter, and fibrous reinforcing strands running generally longitudinally in said body and extending in continuous relation from said stem portion into said head portion, the reinforcing strand portions contained in said head portion having a laterally spreading relation therein.

4. A fastening member as defined in claim 3, in which the fibrous reinforcing strands are vegetable fibres.

LEE B. GREEN.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 321,214 Harvey June 30, 1885 479,175 Rogers July 19, 1892 586,770 Kempshall July 30, 1897 617,064 Traun Jan. 3, 1899 959,876 Neider May 31, 1910 1,122,280 Kempshall Dec. 29, 1914 1,228,239 Phillips May 29, 1917 1,297,142 Gibbons Mar. 11, 1919 1,398,926 Waite Nov. 29, 1921 1,640,433 Weldon Aug. 30, 1927 1,869,105 Johnson July 23, 1932 1,974,160 Peirson Sept. 18, 1934 2,037,727 Chapelle Apr. 21, 1936 2,039,401 Foges May 5, 1936 2,061,815 Taylor Nov. 24, 1936 2,068,025 Hayner Jan. 19, 1937 2,092,807 Chapelle Sept. 14, 1937 2,204,664 Clark June 18, 1940 2,268,703 Dickey Jan. 6, 1942 2,274,542 Grifliths Feb. 27, 1942 2,316,766 Beckwith Apr. 20, 1943 2,319,537 Delmonte May 18, 1943 2,357,637 Drypolcher Sept. 5, 1944 2,361,735 Beckwith Oct. 31, 1944 2,366,274 Luth et a1. Jan. 2, 1945 2,423,076 Daly July 1, 1947 FOREIGN PATENTS Number Country Date 474,236 Great Britain Oct. 27, 1937

US52859344 1944-03-29 1944-03-29 Fastening member Expired - Lifetime US2510693A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US52859344 US2510693A (en) 1944-03-29 1944-03-29 Fastening member

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US52859344 US2510693A (en) 1944-03-29 1944-03-29 Fastening member

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2510693A true US2510693A (en) 1950-06-06

Family

ID=24106337

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US52859344 Expired - Lifetime US2510693A (en) 1944-03-29 1944-03-29 Fastening member

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2510693A (en)

Cited By (127)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2668340A (en) * 1950-05-25 1954-02-09 United Carr Fastener Corp Snap fastener assembly
DE933616C (en) * 1952-02-26 1955-09-29 Hermann Schwan Kunststoffnaegel for fastening and connection of soles with which shoes and method and machine for its preparation
DE962351C (en) * 1953-02-20 1957-04-18 Geyer Fa Christian Spacer of insulating material for Dachstaenderrohre
US2890845A (en) * 1955-05-31 1959-06-16 Kiekhaefer Elmer Carl Outboard motor clamp screw
DE1084088B (en) * 1958-12-06 1960-06-23 Hans Weber Dr Ing Screw and nut made of cast resin with fiber core
US2942748A (en) * 1954-10-18 1960-06-28 Anderson John Wiley Method of fastening two part plastic fastener by fusion from frictional heat of rotation
US2949054A (en) * 1954-07-19 1960-08-16 Glastic Corp Threaded shaft of glass fiber reinforced plastic
DE1096688B (en) * 1958-11-25 1961-01-05 Licentia Gmbh Rivet connection of small parts
US2994933A (en) * 1956-04-04 1961-08-08 Sheemon A Wolfe Grommet
US3113408A (en) * 1959-12-03 1963-12-10 Grace W R & Co Process for securing a shrinkable fastener to a container
US3320106A (en) * 1959-12-03 1967-05-16 Grace W R & Co Fastening process
US3367809A (en) * 1964-05-08 1968-02-06 Branson Instr Sonics
US3419297A (en) * 1967-06-01 1968-12-31 Ford Motor Co Self-adjusting assembly and method for forming same
US3483611A (en) * 1966-08-12 1969-12-16 Cavitron Corp Methods and apparatus for assembling parts together by ultrasonic energy
US3791750A (en) * 1972-05-15 1974-02-12 H Cameron Dowel
US3859409A (en) * 1970-04-27 1975-01-07 Fibergrate Corp Method of making a fiber reinforced plastic article
DE2744041A1 (en) * 1977-09-30 1979-04-05 Bayerische Motoren Werke Ag Hinge connecting two parts about an axis relative to each other pivotable
EP0007980A1 (en) * 1978-05-29 1980-02-20 Heinrich B. Schäfers Fastener with spreading shaft, tool and method for the preparation of holes for such fasteners
US4216182A (en) * 1977-02-01 1980-08-05 Judd Edward A Inflation manifold, method of and apparatus for heading plastic safety pins therein
US4253812A (en) * 1977-02-01 1981-03-03 Mackal Glenn H Apparatus for heading plastic safety pins for inflation manifolds
US4478544A (en) * 1982-06-04 1984-10-23 Microdot Inc. Composite rivet
US4587784A (en) * 1982-11-20 1986-05-13 Conforglace S.A. Flame-resisting glazing panels
US4658088A (en) * 1983-04-29 1987-04-14 Harvey Hubbell Incorporated Self-threading polymeric fastener
US4717302A (en) * 1984-06-18 1988-01-05 Tiodize Company, Inc. Composite fastener
US4726558A (en) * 1983-11-22 1988-02-23 Nihon Sekiso Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Grommet and grommet retaining member
US4761871A (en) * 1986-11-21 1988-08-09 Phillips Petroleum Company Method of joining two thermoplastic articles
DE3817119A1 (en) * 1987-05-19 1988-12-15 Rockwell International Corp Composite fasteners and methods for fastening components thus
US4824314A (en) * 1985-02-19 1989-04-25 Northrop Corporation Composite fastener system and manufacturing method thereof
US4826381A (en) * 1986-06-17 1989-05-02 Kabushukigaisha Kiriyama Shinkenzai Continuous nail for automatic nailing machine
US4859128A (en) * 1985-04-26 1989-08-22 Microdot Inc. Sheathed composite blind rivet
US4865792A (en) * 1987-06-22 1989-09-12 Moyer James D Method of using composite reinforced grommet
US4877362A (en) * 1982-06-04 1989-10-31 Microdot Inc. Sheathed composite blind rivet
WO1991011309A2 (en) * 1990-02-05 1991-08-08 Textron Inc. Apparatus and method for upsetting composite fasteners
US5153978A (en) * 1990-02-05 1992-10-13 Textron Inc. Apparatus and method for upsetting composite fasteners
US5292215A (en) * 1992-10-07 1994-03-08 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Air Force Metal bolt with a composite core for enhancement
US5354160A (en) * 1990-02-05 1994-10-11 Textron Inc. Composite fastener
US5547325A (en) * 1994-02-18 1996-08-20 Utility Composites, Inc. Nail packs made of composites having high compressive strength and flexural modules
US5860780A (en) * 1996-12-04 1999-01-19 Norton Performance Plastics Corporation Self-lubricated thrust rivet
US6051089A (en) * 1997-02-07 2000-04-18 Mcdonnell Douglas Corporation Reinforcing member for composite workpieces and associated methods
US20040030341A1 (en) * 2001-03-02 2004-02-12 Marcel Aeschlimann Implants, device and method for joining tissue parts
US20040038178A1 (en) * 2002-08-23 2004-02-26 Woodwelding Ag Preparation for being fastened on a natural tooth part or tooth and corresponding fastening method
US20040038180A1 (en) * 2002-08-23 2004-02-26 Woodwelding Ag Implant, in particular a dental implant
US6706235B1 (en) * 1999-11-26 2004-03-16 Heraeus Noblelight Gmbh Method for shaping a rivet from a plastic material in the form of a pin
US20040050478A1 (en) * 2002-09-18 2004-03-18 Tucker Pamela S. Plastic impact driven fasteners
EP1508429A1 (en) * 2003-08-21 2005-02-23 Alcan Technology & Management Ltd. Joining member made of composite material for joining two structural plastic parts
US6913666B1 (en) * 1997-03-21 2005-07-05 Woodwelding Ag Process for anchoring connecting elements in a material with pores or cavities and connecting elements therefor
US20050201845A1 (en) * 2004-03-09 2005-09-15 The Boeing Company Hybrid fastener apparatus and method for fastening
US20050217197A1 (en) * 2003-11-13 2005-10-06 Peacock Bobbie D Frangible concrete insert clip
US20060062650A1 (en) * 2004-09-20 2006-03-23 The Boeing Company Hybrid fastener apparatus and method for fastening
US20060067806A1 (en) * 2004-09-30 2006-03-30 Denslow Clark A Unified multi-part head for a staked fastener
DE102006019156A1 (en) * 2006-04-21 2007-10-25 Universität Rostock Blind rivet for aircraft construction, has hollow rivet body with setting head and rivet pin that has pin head arranged in setting head, where rivet body is formed from fiber-plastic composite in its socket-shaped area
DE102007023308A1 (en) * 2007-05-16 2008-11-20 Schunk Kohlenstofftechnik Gmbh Fixing device with fixing pins consisting of composite fiber joint including carbon- or silicon fibers in bonding matrix useful in production of fixing and clamping elements, e.g. U-bolts, provides simple to produce and long-lasting joints
US20090119860A1 (en) * 2006-03-16 2009-05-14 Klaus Amsel Riveted joint based on plastic
US20090126180A1 (en) * 2007-11-06 2009-05-21 Keener Steven G Method and apparatus for assembling composite structures
US20100001137A1 (en) * 2007-08-14 2010-01-07 The Boeing Company Method and Apparatus for Fastening Components Using a Composite Two-Piece Fastening System
US20110028238A1 (en) * 2009-07-31 2011-02-03 Nike, Inc. Golf Club With Non-Metallic Fasteners
US20110087209A1 (en) * 2009-10-09 2011-04-14 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Surgical instrument for transmitting energy to tissue comprising steam control paths
US20110087218A1 (en) * 2009-10-09 2011-04-14 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Surgical instrument comprising first and second drive systems actuatable by a common trigger mechanism
US20110135418A1 (en) * 2009-12-07 2011-06-09 Kirkwood Brad L Self expanding fastener
US20120016413A1 (en) * 2010-07-14 2012-01-19 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Surgical fastening devices comprising rivets
US8448324B2 (en) 2010-11-23 2013-05-28 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Joining magnesium with reinforced polymer composite fasteners
US8453906B2 (en) 2010-07-14 2013-06-04 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Surgical instruments with electrodes
US8496682B2 (en) 2010-04-12 2013-07-30 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Electrosurgical cutting and sealing instruments with cam-actuated jaws
US8535311B2 (en) 2010-04-22 2013-09-17 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Electrosurgical instrument comprising closing and firing systems
US8574231B2 (en) 2009-10-09 2013-11-05 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Surgical instrument for transmitting energy to tissue comprising a movable electrode or insulator
US8628529B2 (en) 2010-10-26 2014-01-14 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Surgical instrument with magnetic clamping force
US8715277B2 (en) 2010-12-08 2014-05-06 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Control of jaw compression in surgical instrument having end effector with opposing jaw members
US8747404B2 (en) 2009-10-09 2014-06-10 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Surgical instrument for transmitting energy to tissue comprising non-conductive grasping portions
US8753338B2 (en) 2010-06-10 2014-06-17 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Electrosurgical instrument employing a thermal management system
US8764747B2 (en) 2010-06-10 2014-07-01 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Electrosurgical instrument comprising sequentially activated electrodes
US8834518B2 (en) 2010-04-12 2014-09-16 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Electrosurgical cutting and sealing instruments with cam-actuated jaws
US8888776B2 (en) 2010-06-09 2014-11-18 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Electrosurgical instrument employing an electrode
US8966734B2 (en) 2011-09-23 2015-03-03 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Method of joining magnesium
US8979843B2 (en) 2010-07-23 2015-03-17 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Electrosurgical cutting and sealing instrument
US9005199B2 (en) 2010-06-10 2015-04-14 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Heat management configurations for controlling heat dissipation from electrosurgical instruments
US9011437B2 (en) 2010-07-23 2015-04-21 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Electrosurgical cutting and sealing instrument
US9044243B2 (en) 2011-08-30 2015-06-02 Ethcon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Surgical cutting and fastening device with descendible second trigger arrangement
US9149324B2 (en) 2010-07-08 2015-10-06 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Surgical instrument comprising an articulatable end effector
US9192431B2 (en) 2010-07-23 2015-11-24 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Electrosurgical cutting and sealing instrument
US9259265B2 (en) 2011-07-22 2016-02-16 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc Surgical instruments for tensioning tissue
US9265926B2 (en) 2013-11-08 2016-02-23 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc Electrosurgical devices
US20160061245A1 (en) * 2014-04-24 2016-03-03 Teijin Limited Fiber Reinforced Resin Joined Body, Intermediate Body, and Fastening Rod
US9283027B2 (en) 2011-10-24 2016-03-15 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc Battery drain kill feature in a battery powered device
US9295514B2 (en) 2013-08-30 2016-03-29 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc Surgical devices with close quarter articulation features
US9375232B2 (en) 2010-03-26 2016-06-28 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc Surgical cutting and sealing instrument with reduced firing force
US9408660B2 (en) 2014-01-17 2016-08-09 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc Device trigger dampening mechanism
US9456864B2 (en) 2010-05-17 2016-10-04 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc Surgical instruments and end effectors therefor
US9492224B2 (en) 2012-09-28 2016-11-15 EthiconEndo-Surgery, LLC Multi-function bi-polar forceps
US9526565B2 (en) 2013-11-08 2016-12-27 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc Electrosurgical devices
US9554854B2 (en) 2014-03-18 2017-01-31 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc Detecting short circuits in electrosurgical medical devices
US9554846B2 (en) 2010-10-01 2017-01-31 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc Surgical instrument with jaw member
US9610091B2 (en) 2010-04-12 2017-04-04 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc Electrosurgical cutting and sealing instruments with jaws having a parallel closure motion
US9700333B2 (en) 2014-06-30 2017-07-11 Ethicon Llc Surgical instrument with variable tissue compression
US9737355B2 (en) 2014-03-31 2017-08-22 Ethicon Llc Controlling impedance rise in electrosurgical medical devices
US9757186B2 (en) 2014-04-17 2017-09-12 Ethicon Llc Device status feedback for bipolar tissue spacer
US9795436B2 (en) 2014-01-07 2017-10-24 Ethicon Llc Harvesting energy from a surgical generator
US9814514B2 (en) 2013-09-13 2017-11-14 Ethicon Llc Electrosurgical (RF) medical instruments for cutting and coagulating tissue
US9848937B2 (en) 2014-12-22 2017-12-26 Ethicon Llc End effector with detectable configurations
US9861428B2 (en) 2013-09-16 2018-01-09 Ethicon Llc Integrated systems for electrosurgical steam or smoke control
US9872725B2 (en) 2015-04-29 2018-01-23 Ethicon Llc RF tissue sealer with mode selection
US9877776B2 (en) 2014-08-25 2018-01-30 Ethicon Llc Simultaneous I-beam and spring driven cam jaw closure mechanism
US9913680B2 (en) 2014-04-15 2018-03-13 Ethicon Llc Software algorithms for electrosurgical instruments
US10092348B2 (en) 2014-12-22 2018-10-09 Ethicon Llc RF tissue sealer, shear grip, trigger lock mechanism and energy activation
US10092310B2 (en) 2014-03-27 2018-10-09 Ethicon Llc Electrosurgical devices
US10111699B2 (en) 2014-12-22 2018-10-30 Ethicon Llc RF tissue sealer, shear grip, trigger lock mechanism and energy activation
US10117702B2 (en) 2015-04-10 2018-11-06 Ethicon Llc Surgical generator systems and related methods
US10117667B2 (en) 2010-02-11 2018-11-06 Ethicon Llc Control systems for ultrasonically powered surgical instruments
US10130410B2 (en) 2015-04-17 2018-11-20 Ethicon Llc Electrosurgical instrument including a cutting member decouplable from a cutting member trigger
US10154852B2 (en) 2015-07-01 2018-12-18 Ethicon Llc Ultrasonic surgical blade with improved cutting and coagulation features
US10159524B2 (en) 2014-12-22 2018-12-25 Ethicon Llc High power battery powered RF amplifier topology
US10172669B2 (en) 2009-10-09 2019-01-08 Ethicon Llc Surgical instrument comprising an energy trigger lockout
US10179022B2 (en) 2015-12-30 2019-01-15 Ethicon Llc Jaw position impedance limiter for electrosurgical instrument
US10194976B2 (en) 2014-08-25 2019-02-05 Ethicon Llc Lockout disabling mechanism
US10194972B2 (en) 2014-08-26 2019-02-05 Ethicon Llc Managing tissue treatment
US10194973B2 (en) 2015-09-30 2019-02-05 Ethicon Llc Generator for digitally generating electrical signal waveforms for electrosurgical and ultrasonic surgical instruments
US10201382B2 (en) 2009-10-09 2019-02-12 Ethicon Llc Surgical generator for ultrasonic and electrosurgical devices
US10228016B2 (en) 2016-06-16 2019-03-12 Saint-Gobain Performance Plastics Pampus Gmbh Bearings
US10226273B2 (en) 2013-03-14 2019-03-12 Ethicon Llc Mechanical fasteners for use with surgical energy devices
US10245065B2 (en) 2007-11-30 2019-04-02 Ethicon Llc Ultrasonic surgical blades
US10245064B2 (en) 2016-07-12 2019-04-02 Ethicon Llc Ultrasonic surgical instrument with piezoelectric central lumen transducer
US10251664B2 (en) 2016-01-15 2019-04-09 Ethicon Llc Modular battery powered handheld surgical instrument with multi-function motor via shifting gear assembly
US10278721B2 (en) 2010-07-22 2019-05-07 Ethicon Llc Electrosurgical instrument with separate closure and cutting members
USD847990S1 (en) 2016-08-16 2019-05-07 Ethicon Llc Surgical instrument
US10285724B2 (en) 2014-07-31 2019-05-14 Ethicon Llc Actuation mechanisms and load adjustment assemblies for surgical instruments
US10285723B2 (en) 2016-08-09 2019-05-14 Ethicon Llc Ultrasonic surgical blade with improved heel portion
US10299810B2 (en) 2010-02-11 2019-05-28 Ethicon Llc Rotatable cutting implements with friction reducing material for ultrasonic surgical instruments
US10314638B2 (en) 2015-04-07 2019-06-11 Ethicon Llc Articulating radio frequency (RF) tissue seal with articulating state sensing

Citations (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US321214A (en) * 1885-06-30 Haywaed a
US479175A (en) * 1892-07-19 Island
US586770A (en) * 1897-07-20 Eyelet
US617064A (en) * 1899-01-03 Iieinricit traun
US959876A (en) * 1910-05-31 Fred A Neider Nail.
US1122280A (en) * 1909-10-01 1914-12-29 United Fast Color Eyelet Company Method of forming and inserting eyelets and the like.
US1228239A (en) * 1916-04-22 1917-05-29 Sherman S Lawson Rivet.
US1297142A (en) * 1918-07-19 1919-03-11 William J Gibbons Bushing-blank and process of making bushings.
US1398926A (en) * 1915-03-20 1921-11-29 Multicolor Company Bearing material
US1640433A (en) * 1926-07-20 1927-08-30 Gen Electric Insulating element
US1869105A (en) * 1928-06-30 1932-07-26 Nathan C Johnson Joint for tubular concrete members and the like
US1974160A (en) * 1929-11-26 1934-09-18 Cecil R Peirson Carrier for keys
US2037727A (en) * 1934-12-27 1936-04-21 United Shoe Machinery Corp Fastening
US2039401A (en) * 1936-05-05 Automatic sealing device
US2061815A (en) * 1933-12-01 1936-11-24 Taylor & Company Inc Nonmetallic gear, pulley, and the like
US2068025A (en) * 1935-08-02 1937-01-19 United Shoe Machinery Corp Fastening
US2092807A (en) * 1936-07-29 1937-09-14 United Shoe Machinery Corp Fastening
GB474236A (en) * 1936-04-27 1937-10-27 John Joseph Rawlings Improvements relating to wall or like plugs and the manner of manufacturing the same
US2204664A (en) * 1934-04-11 1940-06-18 American Seal Kap Corp Method of making paper articles
US2268703A (en) * 1939-12-05 1942-01-06 Dickey Charles Thomas Process for making blanks
US2274542A (en) * 1940-08-17 1942-02-24 Holland Mfg Co Reed-forming device
US2316766A (en) * 1940-01-03 1943-04-20 Beckwith Mfg Co Scabbard or sheath
US2319537A (en) * 1940-06-29 1943-05-18 Chicago Fiexible Shaft Company Method of making strain-relief structure
US2357637A (en) * 1942-01-06 1944-09-05 Lou Obstfeld Staple
US2361735A (en) * 1942-11-24 1944-10-31 Beckwith Mfg Co Scabbard
US2366274A (en) * 1942-06-03 1945-01-02 Brunswick Balke Collender Co Plastic fastening means and method of applying the same
US2423076A (en) * 1943-02-05 1947-07-01 Daly Le Grand Method of making helmets

Patent Citations (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2039401A (en) * 1936-05-05 Automatic sealing device
US479175A (en) * 1892-07-19 Island
US586770A (en) * 1897-07-20 Eyelet
US617064A (en) * 1899-01-03 Iieinricit traun
US959876A (en) * 1910-05-31 Fred A Neider Nail.
US321214A (en) * 1885-06-30 Haywaed a
US1122280A (en) * 1909-10-01 1914-12-29 United Fast Color Eyelet Company Method of forming and inserting eyelets and the like.
US1398926A (en) * 1915-03-20 1921-11-29 Multicolor Company Bearing material
US1228239A (en) * 1916-04-22 1917-05-29 Sherman S Lawson Rivet.
US1297142A (en) * 1918-07-19 1919-03-11 William J Gibbons Bushing-blank and process of making bushings.
US1640433A (en) * 1926-07-20 1927-08-30 Gen Electric Insulating element
US1869105A (en) * 1928-06-30 1932-07-26 Nathan C Johnson Joint for tubular concrete members and the like
US1974160A (en) * 1929-11-26 1934-09-18 Cecil R Peirson Carrier for keys
US2061815A (en) * 1933-12-01 1936-11-24 Taylor & Company Inc Nonmetallic gear, pulley, and the like
US2204664A (en) * 1934-04-11 1940-06-18 American Seal Kap Corp Method of making paper articles
US2037727A (en) * 1934-12-27 1936-04-21 United Shoe Machinery Corp Fastening
US2068025A (en) * 1935-08-02 1937-01-19 United Shoe Machinery Corp Fastening
GB474236A (en) * 1936-04-27 1937-10-27 John Joseph Rawlings Improvements relating to wall or like plugs and the manner of manufacturing the same
US2092807A (en) * 1936-07-29 1937-09-14 United Shoe Machinery Corp Fastening
US2268703A (en) * 1939-12-05 1942-01-06 Dickey Charles Thomas Process for making blanks
US2316766A (en) * 1940-01-03 1943-04-20 Beckwith Mfg Co Scabbard or sheath
US2319537A (en) * 1940-06-29 1943-05-18 Chicago Fiexible Shaft Company Method of making strain-relief structure
US2274542A (en) * 1940-08-17 1942-02-24 Holland Mfg Co Reed-forming device
US2357637A (en) * 1942-01-06 1944-09-05 Lou Obstfeld Staple
US2366274A (en) * 1942-06-03 1945-01-02 Brunswick Balke Collender Co Plastic fastening means and method of applying the same
US2361735A (en) * 1942-11-24 1944-10-31 Beckwith Mfg Co Scabbard
US2423076A (en) * 1943-02-05 1947-07-01 Daly Le Grand Method of making helmets

Cited By (181)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2668340A (en) * 1950-05-25 1954-02-09 United Carr Fastener Corp Snap fastener assembly
DE933616C (en) * 1952-02-26 1955-09-29 Hermann Schwan Kunststoffnaegel for fastening and connection of soles with which shoes and method and machine for its preparation
DE962351C (en) * 1953-02-20 1957-04-18 Geyer Fa Christian Spacer of insulating material for Dachstaenderrohre
US2949054A (en) * 1954-07-19 1960-08-16 Glastic Corp Threaded shaft of glass fiber reinforced plastic
US2942748A (en) * 1954-10-18 1960-06-28 Anderson John Wiley Method of fastening two part plastic fastener by fusion from frictional heat of rotation
US2890845A (en) * 1955-05-31 1959-06-16 Kiekhaefer Elmer Carl Outboard motor clamp screw
US2994933A (en) * 1956-04-04 1961-08-08 Sheemon A Wolfe Grommet
DE1096688B (en) * 1958-11-25 1961-01-05 Licentia Gmbh Rivet connection of small parts
DE1084088B (en) * 1958-12-06 1960-06-23 Hans Weber Dr Ing Screw and nut made of cast resin with fiber core
US3113408A (en) * 1959-12-03 1963-12-10 Grace W R & Co Process for securing a shrinkable fastener to a container
US3320106A (en) * 1959-12-03 1967-05-16 Grace W R & Co Fastening process
US3367809A (en) * 1964-05-08 1968-02-06 Branson Instr Sonics
US3483611A (en) * 1966-08-12 1969-12-16 Cavitron Corp Methods and apparatus for assembling parts together by ultrasonic energy
US3419297A (en) * 1967-06-01 1968-12-31 Ford Motor Co Self-adjusting assembly and method for forming same
US3859409A (en) * 1970-04-27 1975-01-07 Fibergrate Corp Method of making a fiber reinforced plastic article
US3791750A (en) * 1972-05-15 1974-02-12 H Cameron Dowel
US4216182A (en) * 1977-02-01 1980-08-05 Judd Edward A Inflation manifold, method of and apparatus for heading plastic safety pins therein
US4253812A (en) * 1977-02-01 1981-03-03 Mackal Glenn H Apparatus for heading plastic safety pins for inflation manifolds
DE2744041A1 (en) * 1977-09-30 1979-04-05 Bayerische Motoren Werke Ag Hinge connecting two parts about an axis relative to each other pivotable
EP0007980A1 (en) * 1978-05-29 1980-02-20 Heinrich B. Schäfers Fastener with spreading shaft, tool and method for the preparation of holes for such fasteners
US4478544A (en) * 1982-06-04 1984-10-23 Microdot Inc. Composite rivet
US4877362A (en) * 1982-06-04 1989-10-31 Microdot Inc. Sheathed composite blind rivet
US4587784A (en) * 1982-11-20 1986-05-13 Conforglace S.A. Flame-resisting glazing panels
US4658088A (en) * 1983-04-29 1987-04-14 Harvey Hubbell Incorporated Self-threading polymeric fastener
US4726558A (en) * 1983-11-22 1988-02-23 Nihon Sekiso Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha Grommet and grommet retaining member
US4717302A (en) * 1984-06-18 1988-01-05 Tiodize Company, Inc. Composite fastener
EP0258477A1 (en) * 1984-06-18 1988-03-09 Tiodize Company, Inc. Composite fastener
US4824314A (en) * 1985-02-19 1989-04-25 Northrop Corporation Composite fastener system and manufacturing method thereof
US4859128A (en) * 1985-04-26 1989-08-22 Microdot Inc. Sheathed composite blind rivet
US4826381A (en) * 1986-06-17 1989-05-02 Kabushukigaisha Kiriyama Shinkenzai Continuous nail for automatic nailing machine
US4761871A (en) * 1986-11-21 1988-08-09 Phillips Petroleum Company Method of joining two thermoplastic articles
AU595076B2 (en) * 1986-11-21 1990-03-22 Phillips Petroleum Company Thermoplastic fastener with reinforcing filaments
DE3817119A1 (en) * 1987-05-19 1988-12-15 Rockwell International Corp Composite fasteners and methods for fastening components thus
DE3817119C2 (en) * 1987-05-19 1998-01-22 Rockwell International Corp Composite fasteners
US5361483A (en) * 1987-05-19 1994-11-08 Rockwell International Corp. Composite fasteners and method for fastening structural components therewith
US4865792A (en) * 1987-06-22 1989-09-12 Moyer James D Method of using composite reinforced grommet
WO1991011309A2 (en) * 1990-02-05 1991-08-08 Textron Inc. Apparatus and method for upsetting composite fasteners
US5153978A (en) * 1990-02-05 1992-10-13 Textron Inc. Apparatus and method for upsetting composite fasteners
US5354160A (en) * 1990-02-05 1994-10-11 Textron Inc. Composite fastener
WO1991011309A3 (en) * 1990-02-05 1991-09-19 Textron Inc Apparatus and method for upsetting composite fasteners
US5292215A (en) * 1992-10-07 1994-03-08 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Air Force Metal bolt with a composite core for enhancement
US6168362B1 (en) 1994-02-18 2001-01-02 Utility Composites, Inc. Impact-driven plastic fasteners
US5547325A (en) * 1994-02-18 1996-08-20 Utility Composites, Inc. Nail packs made of composites having high compressive strength and flexural modules
US5795121A (en) * 1994-02-18 1998-08-18 Utility Composites, Inc. Impact-driven plastic fasteners
US5860780A (en) * 1996-12-04 1999-01-19 Norton Performance Plastics Corporation Self-lubricated thrust rivet
US6051089A (en) * 1997-02-07 2000-04-18 Mcdonnell Douglas Corporation Reinforcing member for composite workpieces and associated methods
US6913666B1 (en) * 1997-03-21 2005-07-05 Woodwelding Ag Process for anchoring connecting elements in a material with pores or cavities and connecting elements therefor
US6706235B1 (en) * 1999-11-26 2004-03-16 Heraeus Noblelight Gmbh Method for shaping a rivet from a plastic material in the form of a pin
US8932337B2 (en) 2001-03-02 2015-01-13 Woodwelding Ag Implants for creating connections to tissue parts, in particular to skeletal parts, as well as device and method for implantation thereof
US8221477B2 (en) 2001-03-02 2012-07-17 Woodwelding Ag Implants for creating connections to tissue parts, in particular to skeletal parts, as well as device and method for implantation thereof
US8221475B2 (en) 2001-03-02 2012-07-17 Woodwelding Ag Implants for creating connections to tissue parts, in particular to skeletal parts, as well as device and method for implantation thereof
US8323323B2 (en) 2001-03-02 2012-12-04 Woodwelding Ag Implants for creating connections to tissue parts, in particular to skeletal parts, as well as device and method for implantation thereof
US8216286B2 (en) 2001-03-02 2012-07-10 Woodwelding Ag Implants for creating connections to tissue parts, in particular to skeletal parts, as well as device and method for implantation thereof
US8114137B2 (en) 2001-03-02 2012-02-14 Woodwelding Ag Implants for creating connections to tissue parts, in particular to skeletal parts, as well as device and method for implantation thereof
US20040030341A1 (en) * 2001-03-02 2004-02-12 Marcel Aeschlimann Implants, device and method for joining tissue parts
US8945192B2 (en) 2001-03-02 2015-02-03 Woodwelding Ag Implants for creating connections to tissue parts, in particular to skeletal parts, as well as device and method for implantation thereof
US9924988B2 (en) 2001-03-02 2018-03-27 Woodwelding Ag Implants for creating connections to tissue parts, in particular to skeletal parts, as well as device and method for implantation thereof
US9615872B2 (en) 2001-03-02 2017-04-11 Woodwelding Ag Implants for creating connections to tissue parts, in particular to skeletal parts, as well as device and method for implantation thereof
US20080275500A1 (en) * 2001-03-02 2008-11-06 Woodwelding Ag Implants for creating connections to tissue parts, in particular to skeletal parts, as well as device and method for implantation thereof
US7335205B2 (en) 2001-03-02 2008-02-26 Woodwelding Ag Implants, device and method for joining tissue parts
US20080045962A1 (en) * 2001-03-02 2008-02-21 Woodwelding Ag Implants for creating connections to tissue parts, in particular to skeletal parts, as well as device and method for implantation thereof
US20080045961A1 (en) * 2001-03-02 2008-02-21 Woodwelding Ag Implants for creating connections to tissue parts, in particular to skeletal parts, as well as device and method for implantation thereof
US20070270974A1 (en) * 2001-03-02 2007-11-22 Woodwelding Ag Implants for creating connections to tissue parts, in particular to skeletal parts, as well as device and method for implantation thereof
US20070265622A1 (en) * 2001-03-02 2007-11-15 Woodwelding Ag Implants for creating connections to tissue parts, in particular to skeletal parts, as well as device and method for implantation thereof
US9216083B2 (en) 2001-03-02 2015-12-22 Woodwelding Ag Implants for creating connections to tissue parts, in particular to skeletal parts, as well as device and method for implantation thereof
US20040038178A1 (en) * 2002-08-23 2004-02-26 Woodwelding Ag Preparation for being fastened on a natural tooth part or tooth and corresponding fastening method
US20040038180A1 (en) * 2002-08-23 2004-02-26 Woodwelding Ag Implant, in particular a dental implant
US20040053196A1 (en) * 2002-08-23 2004-03-18 Woodwelding Ag Implant to be implanted in bone tissue or in bone tissue supplemented with bone substitute material
US7008226B2 (en) 2002-08-23 2006-03-07 Woodwelding Ag Implant, in particular a dental implant
US6955540B2 (en) 2002-08-23 2005-10-18 Woodwelding Ag Preparation for being fastened on a natural tooth part or tooth and corresponding fastening method
US6921264B2 (en) 2002-08-23 2005-07-26 Woodwelding Ag Implant to be implanted in bone tissue or in bone tissue supplemented with bone substitute material
US20040050478A1 (en) * 2002-09-18 2004-03-18 Tucker Pamela S. Plastic impact driven fasteners
US20100038015A1 (en) * 2002-09-18 2010-02-18 Utility Composites, Inc Plastic impact driven fasteners
US7581911B2 (en) 2002-09-18 2009-09-01 Utility Composites International Limited Plastic impact driven fasteners
US8192571B2 (en) * 2002-09-18 2012-06-05 Utility Composites, Inc. Plastic impact driven fasteners
EP1508429A1 (en) * 2003-08-21 2005-02-23 Alcan Technology & Management Ltd. Joining member made of composite material for joining two structural plastic parts
WO2005021249A1 (en) * 2003-08-21 2005-03-10 Alcan Technology & Management Ltd. Joining element made of a fiber-reinforced plastic for connecting two plastic structural parts
US20050217197A1 (en) * 2003-11-13 2005-10-06 Peacock Bobbie D Frangible concrete insert clip
US20050201845A1 (en) * 2004-03-09 2005-09-15 The Boeing Company Hybrid fastener apparatus and method for fastening
US7150594B2 (en) * 2004-03-09 2006-12-19 The Boeing Company Hybrid fastener apparatus and method for fastening
US20060062650A1 (en) * 2004-09-20 2006-03-23 The Boeing Company Hybrid fastener apparatus and method for fastening
US20060067806A1 (en) * 2004-09-30 2006-03-30 Denslow Clark A Unified multi-part head for a staked fastener
US7351022B2 (en) * 2004-09-30 2008-04-01 Denslow Clark A Unified multi-part head for a staked fastener
US20090119860A1 (en) * 2006-03-16 2009-05-14 Klaus Amsel Riveted joint based on plastic
DE102006019156A1 (en) * 2006-04-21 2007-10-25 Universität Rostock Blind rivet for aircraft construction, has hollow rivet body with setting head and rivet pin that has pin head arranged in setting head, where rivet body is formed from fiber-plastic composite in its socket-shaped area
DE102007023308A1 (en) * 2007-05-16 2008-11-20 Schunk Kohlenstofftechnik Gmbh Fixing device with fixing pins consisting of composite fiber joint including carbon- or silicon fibers in bonding matrix useful in production of fixing and clamping elements, e.g. U-bolts, provides simple to produce and long-lasting joints
US8474759B2 (en) 2007-08-14 2013-07-02 The Boeing Company Method and apparatus for fastening components using a composite two-piece fastening system
US20100001137A1 (en) * 2007-08-14 2010-01-07 The Boeing Company Method and Apparatus for Fastening Components Using a Composite Two-Piece Fastening System
US8393068B2 (en) * 2007-11-06 2013-03-12 The Boeing Company Method and apparatus for assembling composite structures
US20090126180A1 (en) * 2007-11-06 2009-05-21 Keener Steven G Method and apparatus for assembling composite structures
US10245065B2 (en) 2007-11-30 2019-04-02 Ethicon Llc Ultrasonic surgical blades
US10265094B2 (en) 2007-11-30 2019-04-23 Ethicon Llc Ultrasonic surgical blades
US9566478B2 (en) 2009-07-31 2017-02-14 Nike, Inc. Golf club with non-metallic fasteners
US20110028238A1 (en) * 2009-07-31 2011-02-03 Nike, Inc. Golf Club With Non-Metallic Fasteners
US10201382B2 (en) 2009-10-09 2019-02-12 Ethicon Llc Surgical generator for ultrasonic and electrosurgical devices
US10265117B2 (en) 2009-10-09 2019-04-23 Ethicon Llc Surgical generator method for controlling and ultrasonic transducer waveform for ultrasonic and electrosurgical devices
US10172669B2 (en) 2009-10-09 2019-01-08 Ethicon Llc Surgical instrument comprising an energy trigger lockout
US20110087209A1 (en) * 2009-10-09 2011-04-14 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Surgical instrument for transmitting energy to tissue comprising steam control paths
US8939974B2 (en) 2009-10-09 2015-01-27 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Surgical instrument comprising first and second drive systems actuatable by a common trigger mechanism
US8747404B2 (en) 2009-10-09 2014-06-10 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Surgical instrument for transmitting energy to tissue comprising non-conductive grasping portions
US20110087218A1 (en) * 2009-10-09 2011-04-14 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Surgical instrument comprising first and second drive systems actuatable by a common trigger mechanism
US8906016B2 (en) 2009-10-09 2014-12-09 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Surgical instrument for transmitting energy to tissue comprising steam control paths
US8574231B2 (en) 2009-10-09 2013-11-05 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Surgical instrument for transmitting energy to tissue comprising a movable electrode or insulator
US20110135418A1 (en) * 2009-12-07 2011-06-09 Kirkwood Brad L Self expanding fastener
US8918978B2 (en) 2009-12-07 2014-12-30 The Boeing Company Self expanding fastener
US8388292B2 (en) * 2009-12-07 2013-03-05 The Boeing Company Self expanding fastener
US10299810B2 (en) 2010-02-11 2019-05-28 Ethicon Llc Rotatable cutting implements with friction reducing material for ultrasonic surgical instruments
US10117667B2 (en) 2010-02-11 2018-11-06 Ethicon Llc Control systems for ultrasonically powered surgical instruments
US9375232B2 (en) 2010-03-26 2016-06-28 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc Surgical cutting and sealing instrument with reduced firing force
US9808308B2 (en) 2010-04-12 2017-11-07 Ethicon Llc Electrosurgical cutting and sealing instruments with cam-actuated jaws
US8834518B2 (en) 2010-04-12 2014-09-16 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Electrosurgical cutting and sealing instruments with cam-actuated jaws
US9610091B2 (en) 2010-04-12 2017-04-04 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc Electrosurgical cutting and sealing instruments with jaws having a parallel closure motion
US8496682B2 (en) 2010-04-12 2013-07-30 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Electrosurgical cutting and sealing instruments with cam-actuated jaws
US8535311B2 (en) 2010-04-22 2013-09-17 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Electrosurgical instrument comprising closing and firing systems
US9456864B2 (en) 2010-05-17 2016-10-04 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc Surgical instruments and end effectors therefor
US8888776B2 (en) 2010-06-09 2014-11-18 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Electrosurgical instrument employing an electrode
US9005199B2 (en) 2010-06-10 2015-04-14 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Heat management configurations for controlling heat dissipation from electrosurgical instruments
US9737358B2 (en) 2010-06-10 2017-08-22 Ethicon Llc Heat management configurations for controlling heat dissipation from electrosurgical instruments
US8753338B2 (en) 2010-06-10 2014-06-17 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Electrosurgical instrument employing a thermal management system
US8764747B2 (en) 2010-06-10 2014-07-01 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Electrosurgical instrument comprising sequentially activated electrodes
US9149324B2 (en) 2010-07-08 2015-10-06 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Surgical instrument comprising an articulatable end effector
US8453906B2 (en) 2010-07-14 2013-06-04 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Surgical instruments with electrodes
US8613383B2 (en) 2010-07-14 2013-12-24 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Surgical instruments with electrodes
US20120016413A1 (en) * 2010-07-14 2012-01-19 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Surgical fastening devices comprising rivets
US10278721B2 (en) 2010-07-22 2019-05-07 Ethicon Llc Electrosurgical instrument with separate closure and cutting members
US8979843B2 (en) 2010-07-23 2015-03-17 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Electrosurgical cutting and sealing instrument
US9192431B2 (en) 2010-07-23 2015-11-24 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Electrosurgical cutting and sealing instrument
US9011437B2 (en) 2010-07-23 2015-04-21 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Electrosurgical cutting and sealing instrument
US9707030B2 (en) 2010-10-01 2017-07-18 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc Surgical instrument with jaw member
US9554846B2 (en) 2010-10-01 2017-01-31 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc Surgical instrument with jaw member
US8628529B2 (en) 2010-10-26 2014-01-14 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Surgical instrument with magnetic clamping force
US8448324B2 (en) 2010-11-23 2013-05-28 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Joining magnesium with reinforced polymer composite fasteners
US8715277B2 (en) 2010-12-08 2014-05-06 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Control of jaw compression in surgical instrument having end effector with opposing jaw members
US9259265B2 (en) 2011-07-22 2016-02-16 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc Surgical instruments for tensioning tissue
US9044243B2 (en) 2011-08-30 2015-06-02 Ethcon Endo-Surgery, Inc. Surgical cutting and fastening device with descendible second trigger arrangement
US10166060B2 (en) 2011-08-30 2019-01-01 Ethicon Llc Surgical instruments comprising a trigger assembly
US8966734B2 (en) 2011-09-23 2015-03-03 GM Global Technology Operations LLC Method of joining magnesium
US9414880B2 (en) 2011-10-24 2016-08-16 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc User interface in a battery powered device
US9283027B2 (en) 2011-10-24 2016-03-15 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc Battery drain kill feature in a battery powered device
US9333025B2 (en) 2011-10-24 2016-05-10 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc Battery initialization clip
US9421060B2 (en) 2011-10-24 2016-08-23 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc Litz wire battery powered device
US9314292B2 (en) 2011-10-24 2016-04-19 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc Trigger lockout mechanism
US9492224B2 (en) 2012-09-28 2016-11-15 EthiconEndo-Surgery, LLC Multi-function bi-polar forceps
US10226273B2 (en) 2013-03-14 2019-03-12 Ethicon Llc Mechanical fasteners for use with surgical energy devices
US9295514B2 (en) 2013-08-30 2016-03-29 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc Surgical devices with close quarter articulation features
US9814514B2 (en) 2013-09-13 2017-11-14 Ethicon Llc Electrosurgical (RF) medical instruments for cutting and coagulating tissue
US9861428B2 (en) 2013-09-16 2018-01-09 Ethicon Llc Integrated systems for electrosurgical steam or smoke control
US9526565B2 (en) 2013-11-08 2016-12-27 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc Electrosurgical devices
US9949788B2 (en) 2013-11-08 2018-04-24 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc Electrosurgical devices
US9265926B2 (en) 2013-11-08 2016-02-23 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc Electrosurgical devices
US9795436B2 (en) 2014-01-07 2017-10-24 Ethicon Llc Harvesting energy from a surgical generator
US9408660B2 (en) 2014-01-17 2016-08-09 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc Device trigger dampening mechanism
US9554854B2 (en) 2014-03-18 2017-01-31 Ethicon Endo-Surgery, Llc Detecting short circuits in electrosurgical medical devices
US10092310B2 (en) 2014-03-27 2018-10-09 Ethicon Llc Electrosurgical devices
US9737355B2 (en) 2014-03-31 2017-08-22 Ethicon Llc Controlling impedance rise in electrosurgical medical devices
US9913680B2 (en) 2014-04-15 2018-03-13 Ethicon Llc Software algorithms for electrosurgical instruments
US9757186B2 (en) 2014-04-17 2017-09-12 Ethicon Llc Device status feedback for bipolar tissue spacer
US20160061245A1 (en) * 2014-04-24 2016-03-03 Teijin Limited Fiber Reinforced Resin Joined Body, Intermediate Body, and Fastening Rod
US9556891B2 (en) * 2014-04-24 2017-01-31 Teijin Limited Fiber reinforced resin joined body, intermediate body, and fastening rod
US9700333B2 (en) 2014-06-30 2017-07-11 Ethicon Llc Surgical instrument with variable tissue compression
US10285724B2 (en) 2014-07-31 2019-05-14 Ethicon Llc Actuation mechanisms and load adjustment assemblies for surgical instruments
US10194976B2 (en) 2014-08-25 2019-02-05 Ethicon Llc Lockout disabling mechanism
US9877776B2 (en) 2014-08-25 2018-01-30 Ethicon Llc Simultaneous I-beam and spring driven cam jaw closure mechanism
US10194972B2 (en) 2014-08-26 2019-02-05 Ethicon Llc Managing tissue treatment
US10111699B2 (en) 2014-12-22 2018-10-30 Ethicon Llc RF tissue sealer, shear grip, trigger lock mechanism and energy activation
US9848937B2 (en) 2014-12-22 2017-12-26 Ethicon Llc End effector with detectable configurations
US10159524B2 (en) 2014-12-22 2018-12-25 Ethicon Llc High power battery powered RF amplifier topology
US10092348B2 (en) 2014-12-22 2018-10-09 Ethicon Llc RF tissue sealer, shear grip, trigger lock mechanism and energy activation
US10314638B2 (en) 2015-04-07 2019-06-11 Ethicon Llc Articulating radio frequency (RF) tissue seal with articulating state sensing
US10117702B2 (en) 2015-04-10 2018-11-06 Ethicon Llc Surgical generator systems and related methods
US10130410B2 (en) 2015-04-17 2018-11-20 Ethicon Llc Electrosurgical instrument including a cutting member decouplable from a cutting member trigger
US9872725B2 (en) 2015-04-29 2018-01-23 Ethicon Llc RF tissue sealer with mode selection
US10154852B2 (en) 2015-07-01 2018-12-18 Ethicon Llc Ultrasonic surgical blade with improved cutting and coagulation features
US10194973B2 (en) 2015-09-30 2019-02-05 Ethicon Llc Generator for digitally generating electrical signal waveforms for electrosurgical and ultrasonic surgical instruments
US10179022B2 (en) 2015-12-30 2019-01-15 Ethicon Llc Jaw position impedance limiter for electrosurgical instrument
US10251664B2 (en) 2016-01-15 2019-04-09 Ethicon Llc Modular battery powered handheld surgical instrument with multi-function motor via shifting gear assembly
US10299821B2 (en) 2016-01-15 2019-05-28 Ethicon Llc Modular battery powered handheld surgical instrument with motor control limit profile
US10228016B2 (en) 2016-06-16 2019-03-12 Saint-Gobain Performance Plastics Pampus Gmbh Bearings
US10245064B2 (en) 2016-07-12 2019-04-02 Ethicon Llc Ultrasonic surgical instrument with piezoelectric central lumen transducer
US10285723B2 (en) 2016-08-09 2019-05-14 Ethicon Llc Ultrasonic surgical blade with improved heel portion
USD847990S1 (en) 2016-08-16 2019-05-07 Ethicon Llc Surgical instrument

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3312128A (en) Wire gripper
DE2512131C2 (en)
US4605254A (en) Reinforced handle and method of making same
US2037727A (en) Fastening
DE60114275T2 (en) A process for making a reinforced thermoplastic workpiece and the form
US3165968A (en) Synthetic plastic nailing strip
US6203442B1 (en) Hardened steel pin, pin and washer fastener, washer for fastener, and pin-making method
US1643110A (en) Attachment for wire rope and process for producing the same
US2117452A (en) Cut seaming machine
US3348669A (en) Body unit comprising a stick of severable fasteners
EP0216384A2 (en) Device to reduce friction drag
US1895417A (en) Golf club
US3911783A (en) Rivet of titanium-columbium alloy and method of making the same
US3197854A (en) Method of installing sandwich panel spacer with torque-resistant mechanical anchorage
DE3631657A1 (en) Device for fastener installation
US2366510A (en) Rivet string
US3328985A (en) Rivet gun device
EP0627974B1 (en) Process for manufacturing a tool handle and tool for carrying out said process
DE3620148C2 (en)
US2427176A (en) Method of making cable terminals
US3170279A (en) Method of producing a gang of nailing means from sheet metal
EP0085410B1 (en) Process for joining the metallic inner and outer parts of a composite profile member
US3104161A (en) Metal blank with extruded portion of non-circular cross section
US2652741A (en) Blind rivet with clincher
US2651092A (en) Tape for slide fasteners