US2508050A - Device for administering oxygen - Google Patents

Device for administering oxygen Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2508050A
US2508050A US757161A US75716147A US2508050A US 2508050 A US2508050 A US 2508050A US 757161 A US757161 A US 757161A US 75716147 A US75716147 A US 75716147A US 2508050 A US2508050 A US 2508050A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
oxygen
infants
device
invention
member
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US757161A
Inventor
Anthony S Valente
Original Assignee
V S Anthony Company Inc
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by V S Anthony Company Inc filed Critical V S Anthony Company Inc
Priority to US757161A priority Critical patent/US2508050A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2508050A publication Critical patent/US2508050A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G10/00Treatment rooms or enclosures for medical purposes
    • A61G10/04Oxygen tents ; Oxygen hoods

Description

y 1950 A. s. VALENTE 2,508,050

DEVICE FOR ADMINISTERING OXYGEN Filed June 26, 1947 INVENTOR Ame/04W J Kain/r5.

B ,W, fizz 44AM OR Y5 ATT Patented May 16, 1950 DEVICE FDR ADMINISTER'INGOXYG'EN Anthony S. Valente, RockvillaCentregN. Y.," as.

signer to V. S. Anthony: Company,- Inc.,' West -Hempstead; N. Y., a corporation. of New York Application June 26, 1947; Serial'No. '757;161

- 1 Claim. 1

This invention relates to a device for administering oxygen, particularly to infants. I-Ieretofore it has been customary inusingoxygen therapy on infants to place a mask or funneloverthe infants mouth and nose and supply oxygen to the mask or funnel. This method has been very unsatisfactory both because it is difficult to maintain a steady concentration of oxygen in the region of the infants nose and mouth, and because this so-called funnel method is very wasteful of oxygen as the infant frequently moves its head away from the mask or funnel.

It is the object of this invention to provide simple, practical and efficient means for administering oxygen to infants.

Another object of the invention is to provide apparatus of the above mentioned kind which will be substantially free from the disadvantages of the funnel method.

Another object of the invention is to provide means of the above described kind wherein the concentration of the oxygen may be adjusted and controlled and higher concentrations may be obtained than were heretofore possible.

Another object of the invention is to provide an improved method and means for administering a desired concentration of oxygen to infants which is economical of oxygen.

Other objects of the invention will be in part obvious or in part pointed out hereinafter.

The invention accordingly consists in the features of construction, combinations of elements, arrangements of parts, and in the several steps and relation and order of each of said steps to one or more of the others thereof, all as will be pointed out in the following description, and the scope of the application of which will be indicated in the following claim.

The invention will best be understood if the following description is read in connection with the drawings, in which,

Figure '1 is a perspective view showing a device which embodies my invention in use;

Figure 2 is an elevational view of the device;

Figure 3 is a fragmentary view showing the valve mechanism for selectively controlling the amount of air which is mixed with the oxygen; and

Figure 4 is a fragmentary detail View of oxygen inlet nipple and its associated baffle means.

The numeral it indicates a transparent plastic member shaped like a dome and moulded into one piece. It is large enough to fit comfortably over and around an infants head and is shaped to fit over the infants neck. For this purpose a portion v.2 l2 of the lower -edge of the dome-is made arch shaped. The lower edge I3 of -the domemay be bevelled and cooperates with the -mattress; -table tops,or other support surface onwhich the-infant is lying to provide an air seal.

In the wall of the dome a nipple I4 is provided to which one end of a hose 16 may be attached, the other end being connected to an oxygen tank I! preferably through a metering valve I8 which may be of known kind and so is not described herein. Supported from the inside surface of member i0 is a baffle 20 which projects downwardly behind the inner end of nipple l4 and thus deflects downwardly and laterally around the inner surface of the member the incoming stream of oxygen and prevents it from flowing against the infants head.

At the top of the member a valve 22 preferably of plastic is provided. As shown this valve is attached to the member 10 by, and is rotatable around, the pivot 24, and may have a protuberance or button 26 which serves as a handle in rotating the valve around pivot 24 as an axis. A circular port 28 is provided extending through the valve and positioned so that as the valve is rotated said port will be brought into concentricity successively with a number of ports in the member. Three ports 30, 32, and 34 are shown. They are of different diameters, not exceeding the diameter of port 28, and are adapted to introduce different amounts of air into the member so that the air-oxygen concentration therein may be varied according to which of said ports 30, 32 and. 34 is in register with said valve port 28.

Also provided in the wall of member I0 is a port 36 through which the patients exhalations are exhausted and Aersol, penicillin and other inhalation drugs and chemicals may be administered.

Oxygen, being heavier than air, will settle into the lower portion of the member l0 around the infants head and so will be continuously inhaled by the infant regardless of movements of the infants head. As indicated in Figure '1 the device rests on the mattress of the infants crib. A towel or the like may be placed around the infants neck if there is substantial space between the infants neck and the arch-shaped portion [2 of the edge of the dome but it is preferred to leave the infants head and neck free and unrestricted.

The device described above provides simple, inexpensive means for supplying oxygen continuously to infants instead of intermittently as is the case where the funnel method is employed. Because the infant is breathing oxygen continuously regardless of and during movements of the head the supply of oxygen is thus efficiently and effectively used, and the infant is not excited and disturbed as is the case when a mask or the like is applied to its face and may breathe naturally and without restraint.

It will thus be seen that there has been provided by this invention a method and apparatus in which the various objects hereinabove set forth together with many thoroughly practical advantages are successfully achieved. As various possible embodiments might be made of the mechanical features of the above invention and as the art herein described might be varied in various parts, all without departing from the scope of the invention, it is to be understood that all matter hereinbefore set forth or shown in the accompanying drawing is to be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.

What I claim is:

A device for use in administering oxygen therapy which comprises a transparent plastic member adapted to extend over and around a patients head and neck and, together with the surface on which it is supported, to form a closure adapted to serve as a container for a mixture of air and oxygen and. to make said mixture continuously available for inhalation by the patient, said device including a port for the admission of oxygen, a plurality of ports for the admission of air, and slide valve means for opening one or the other of said air ports for controlling the concentration as desired.

ANTHONY S. VALENTE.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 2,090,271 Taylor Aug. 17, 1937 2,389,293 Blosser Nov. 20, 1945 2,418,473 Lambertsen et a1. Apr. 8, 1947 OTHER REFERENCES Aloe Hospital Catalogue, 1942, page 499, 75B-M 332; A. S. Aloe Co., St. Louis, Mo.; copy in Division 55.

US757161A 1947-06-26 1947-06-26 Device for administering oxygen Expired - Lifetime US2508050A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US757161A US2508050A (en) 1947-06-26 1947-06-26 Device for administering oxygen

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US757161A US2508050A (en) 1947-06-26 1947-06-26 Device for administering oxygen

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2508050A true US2508050A (en) 1950-05-16

Family

ID=25046627

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US757161A Expired - Lifetime US2508050A (en) 1947-06-26 1947-06-26 Device for administering oxygen

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2508050A (en)

Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2641248A (en) * 1950-07-12 1953-06-09 Gordon Armstrong Company Inc Portable baby incubator
US2742900A (en) * 1954-10-06 1956-04-24 Douglas J Giorgio Anesthetic feeder for children in the form of a space helmet
US3850171A (en) * 1973-05-16 1974-11-26 Vickers Ltd Medical face masks
US4181129A (en) * 1978-01-25 1980-01-01 MistO2 Gen Equipment Company Infant hood
US4207888A (en) * 1978-10-20 1980-06-17 Ghormley Lidia S Baffle device for face tent
US4407280A (en) * 1981-06-16 1983-10-04 Trammell W Edgar Disposable hood
US5218958A (en) * 1991-02-21 1993-06-15 Cooper William I Placental chamber - artificial uterus
US6076524A (en) * 1992-08-31 2000-06-20 Children's Medical Center Corporation Anesthetic scavenging hood
US20070173099A1 (en) * 2002-06-25 2007-07-26 Resmed Limited Method and apparatus for control of appliance coupler retention and withdrawal forces
US9320866B2 (en) 2006-07-14 2016-04-26 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Breathing assistance apparatus
US9333315B2 (en) 2004-02-23 2016-05-10 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Breathing assistance apparatus
US9561339B2 (en) 2009-11-18 2017-02-07 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Nasal interface
US9561338B2 (en) 2010-10-08 2017-02-07 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Breathing assistance apparatus
US9884160B2 (en) 2004-04-02 2018-02-06 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Breathing assistance apparatus
US9901700B2 (en) 2008-10-10 2018-02-27 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Nasal pillows for a patient interface
USD823455S1 (en) 2017-02-23 2018-07-17 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Cushion assembly for breathing mask assembly
USD823454S1 (en) 2017-02-23 2018-07-17 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Cushion assembly for breathing mask assembly
USD824020S1 (en) 2017-02-23 2018-07-24 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Cushion assembly for breathing mask assembly
US10080856B2 (en) 2012-08-08 2018-09-25 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Headgear for patient interface
US10258757B2 (en) 2008-05-12 2019-04-16 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Patient interface and aspects thereof
US10328226B2 (en) 2008-05-12 2019-06-25 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Patient interface and aspects thereof

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2090271A (en) * 1937-08-17 Abb conditioning apparatus
US2389293A (en) * 1943-07-12 1945-11-20 John A Blosser Inhalant hood
US2418473A (en) * 1945-04-20 1947-04-08 Christian J Lambertsen Hood for oxygen therapy

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2090271A (en) * 1937-08-17 Abb conditioning apparatus
US2389293A (en) * 1943-07-12 1945-11-20 John A Blosser Inhalant hood
US2418473A (en) * 1945-04-20 1947-04-08 Christian J Lambertsen Hood for oxygen therapy

Cited By (34)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2641248A (en) * 1950-07-12 1953-06-09 Gordon Armstrong Company Inc Portable baby incubator
US2742900A (en) * 1954-10-06 1956-04-24 Douglas J Giorgio Anesthetic feeder for children in the form of a space helmet
US3850171A (en) * 1973-05-16 1974-11-26 Vickers Ltd Medical face masks
US4181129A (en) * 1978-01-25 1980-01-01 MistO2 Gen Equipment Company Infant hood
US4207888A (en) * 1978-10-20 1980-06-17 Ghormley Lidia S Baffle device for face tent
US4407280A (en) * 1981-06-16 1983-10-04 Trammell W Edgar Disposable hood
US5218958A (en) * 1991-02-21 1993-06-15 Cooper William I Placental chamber - artificial uterus
US6076524A (en) * 1992-08-31 2000-06-20 Children's Medical Center Corporation Anesthetic scavenging hood
US20070173099A1 (en) * 2002-06-25 2007-07-26 Resmed Limited Method and apparatus for control of appliance coupler retention and withdrawal forces
US10252015B2 (en) 2004-02-23 2019-04-09 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Breathing assistance apparatus
US9333315B2 (en) 2004-02-23 2016-05-10 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Breathing assistance apparatus
US9339622B2 (en) 2004-02-23 2016-05-17 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Breathing assistance apparatus
US9974914B2 (en) 2004-02-23 2018-05-22 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Breathing assistance apparatus
US9539405B2 (en) 2004-02-23 2017-01-10 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Breathing assistance apparatus
US9550038B2 (en) 2004-02-23 2017-01-24 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Breathing assistance apparatus
US9884160B2 (en) 2004-04-02 2018-02-06 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Breathing assistance apparatus
US9320866B2 (en) 2006-07-14 2016-04-26 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Breathing assistance apparatus
US9517317B2 (en) 2006-07-14 2016-12-13 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Breathing assistance apparatus
US10328226B2 (en) 2008-05-12 2019-06-25 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Patient interface and aspects thereof
US10258757B2 (en) 2008-05-12 2019-04-16 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Patient interface and aspects thereof
US10413694B2 (en) 2008-05-12 2019-09-17 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Patient interface and aspects thereof
US10363387B2 (en) 2008-05-12 2019-07-30 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Patient interface and aspects thereof
US9901700B2 (en) 2008-10-10 2018-02-27 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Nasal pillows for a patient interface
US9907925B2 (en) 2008-10-10 2018-03-06 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Nasal pillows for a patient interface
US10384029B2 (en) 2009-11-18 2019-08-20 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Nasal interface
US9561339B2 (en) 2009-11-18 2017-02-07 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Nasal interface
US10137271B2 (en) 2009-11-18 2018-11-27 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Nasal interface
US9561338B2 (en) 2010-10-08 2017-02-07 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Breathing assistance apparatus
US10272218B2 (en) 2010-10-08 2019-04-30 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Breathing assistance apparatus
US10080856B2 (en) 2012-08-08 2018-09-25 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Headgear for patient interface
USD824020S1 (en) 2017-02-23 2018-07-24 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Cushion assembly for breathing mask assembly
USD823454S1 (en) 2017-02-23 2018-07-17 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Cushion assembly for breathing mask assembly
USD823455S1 (en) 2017-02-23 2018-07-17 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Cushion assembly for breathing mask assembly
USD837973S1 (en) 2017-02-23 2019-01-08 Fisher & Paykel Healthcare Limited Cushion assembly for breathing mask assembly

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3572660A (en) Device for dispensing inhalable fluids
US3537448A (en) Therapeutic intermittent positive pressure respirator
US3182659A (en) Oxygen and inhalant mask
US3630196A (en) Manual positive pressure breathing device
US4354488A (en) Nose mask gas delivery device
US7905232B2 (en) Breathing assistance apparatus
US5752502A (en) General purpose aerosol inhalation apparatus
US3099985A (en) Resuscitator
CA2421724C (en) Oxygen diffuser for patient oxygen delivery system
US7559327B2 (en) Ventilation interface
DE69830844T2 (en) Device for creating a child to include a pharmacological agent
US2533065A (en) Micropulverized therapeutic agents
US20020124849A1 (en) Nasal breathing mask with adjustable thermistor for treating respiratory disorders of sleep
US4821715A (en) Nasopharyngeal airway
US8100125B2 (en) Venturi geometry design for flow-generator patient circuit
US3762409A (en) Nebulizer
AU735077B2 (en) Improved drug delivery device and methods therefor
US4030492A (en) Device for supporting human breathing and artificial respiration
US20030168062A1 (en) Pulmonary dosing system and method
US4273124A (en) Nasal cannula
JP2008086768A (en) Vibration pep medical treating system using medicinal aerosol forming atomizer
US4809706A (en) Incentive inhalation spirometer apparatus
KR100998394B1 (en) Inhaler to improve performance
US5497765A (en) Device for the simultaneous delivery of beta-2 agonists and oxygen to a patient
FI102463B (en) aerosol canister Assistant