US2505087A - Portable derrick structure - Google Patents

Portable derrick structure Download PDF

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Publication number
US2505087A
US2505087A US578528A US57852845A US2505087A US 2505087 A US2505087 A US 2505087A US 578528 A US578528 A US 578528A US 57852845 A US57852845 A US 57852845A US 2505087 A US2505087 A US 2505087A
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United States
Prior art keywords
mast
derrick
frame
base
legs
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US578528A
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Clifford R Athy
Charles R Konkle
Ernest H Munro
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Internat Derrick & Equipment C
International Derrick & Equipment Co
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Internat Derrick & Equipment C
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B15/00Supports for the drilling machine, e.g. derricks or masts

Description

"A ril 25,1950- c R. y ET A 2,505,087
' Filed Feb. 17, 1945 f v s Sheets-Sheet 1 PORTABLE DERRICK STRUCTURE c. R. ATHY Er AL. 2,505,087
PORTABLE DERRICK STRUCTURE 3 Sheets-Shqet 2 Fiied Feb. 17, 1945 m h m an flou m Caz April 25, 1950 c. R, ATHY Er ALY v I RORTABLE DERRICK STRUCTURE :5 Sheets-Sheet 3' Fil edFeb. 17, 1945 UNITED STATE Patented Apr. 25, 19 50 s 1 mm "-OFHCET roa'ranm naamcn mueme Cliiford B. Athy, Charles R." Konkle, and Ernest 1!. Munro, Columbus, Ohio, asllgnorl to International Derrick & Equipment Company, 60- a lumbus, Ohio, a corporation of Ohio Application February 11, 1945, Serial No. 578,528 C 2 Claims. (01. 189-15) This invention relates to well derricks, and has particular reference to well derricks of the portable type which are adapted for bodily transference, with a minimum of dismantlement, from one working location to another.
Such portable derricks, as heretofore proposed or constructed, provide a portable base member upon which the derrick mast or frame is pivoted for swinging movement between prone or horizontal positions of transport, substantially parallel with the ground, and upright positions of active operation substantially perpendicular to 'the ground. In such prior structures, considerable difflculty has been encountered in providing reliable and readily controlled means for conveniently and safely swinging the derrick mast between its prone and upright positions, particularly when the derrick mast is of large size,
weight and structural strength to comply with practical conditions in the raising and lowering of strings of drill pipe or casing. Also, when in its prone position, the base of the derrick must possess a vertical measurement within the limits of vehicles traveling over public highways.
Accordingly, it is an object of the invention to provide a well derrick adapted for pivotal mounting on a portable base unit and wherein improved means, carried by the base unit, are provided for imparting regulated movement to the derrick to effect swinging movement thereof about its pivotal mounting. I I
It is another object to provide a portable derrick of this character in which the portable base is provided with an upstanding mast-raising and lowering frame. arranged over the rotary draw works or cable drum mechanism on the base, the
a said frame constituting aunit which is structurally independent of the load-bearing functions of the derrick mast, the same being provided at its top with a sheave and anchor devices constituting relatively elevated guides for cables used in swinging the mast between active and inactive positions, the cable sheaves and guides being mast, in one of the preferred forms of my invention, with hingedly movable legimembers which, when the derrick is in its position of transport, may be collapsed to decrease the'height dimension of the mast structure, and which, during the raising of the mast, may be manipulated to snub or regulate mast movement to preclude undue swinging movement thereof as it. approaches its upright position.
A further object of the invention is to construct the derrick mast so that in'another form of my invention the same has 7 an open side facing toward the rotary draw works on the baseiunit, in order that when drill pipe or casing is stacked vertically within the confines of the mast, the hoisting operator, or other attendant supervising the derrick operation, will bein a position to ob serve clearly and unobstructedly the work which is being "performed.
Still, a further object of the'inventlon is to provide a novel arrangement of the cable lines employed in raising andlowering the derrick mast.
For a further understanding of the invention, reference is to be had to the following description and the accompanying drawings, wherein:
Fig. 1 is a side elevational view disclosing my improved portable derrick, the derrickmast being shown in full lines in its elevated or active position, and in dotted lines in its lowered or prone position suitable for a transporting operation.
Fig. 2 is a horizontal sectional view taken on the plane indicated by the line 2-2 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a similar view taken through the mast on the plane indicated by the line 3-3 of Fig. i and disclosing the pipe-racking platform;
Fig. 4 is a rear elevational view of the mastraising and lowering frame;
Fig. 5 is a detail plan view of said frame;
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary enlarged side elevational view of the upper portion of the frame;
' Fig. 7 is a diagrammatic perspective view of the cable lines used in the raising and lowering of the mast;
struct the derrick mast so that it comprises a complete composite unit which in its upright position is self-sustainingand structurally independentof the frameover which the raising and lowering cables are guided. s
Still, a further object of theinvention is to provide the widened base portion of the derrick Fig. 8 is a top plan "view of'a modified form of mast wherein swinging leg members are m l y Fig. 9 is a side elevational view disclosing one of the working positions of theswinging leg members of the mast as thelatter approaches its upright position; Y I I Figs. 10 and 11 are similar views disclosing the leg members in other working positions; o Fig. '12 is a similar view disclosing the positions of the pivoted leg members whenth'e-mast isin its final upright workink position;
Fig. 13isadetailviewdisclosingamodifled form of the invention wherein a spring mechanism is used to check the upward movement of the mast.
Referring more particularly to the drawings, the numeral l designates the portable base unit for my improved derrick. As shown in the drawings, the base unit is of the sliding or skid type, although it will be understood that wheels may be placed on the same to facilitate its movement when drawn by a truck, tractor or other automotive vehicle. The base unit comprises suitably joined metallic sills H and a flooring frame [2. On the latter, there is mounted the usual engine driven rotary draw works of any standard construction. The draw works has not been illustrated in detail except to disclose the power driven cable drum or Windlass l3.
Adapted to be pivotally mounted, as at H, on the base unit In are the lower ends of the front legs [5 of a skeletonized structural steel derrick mast M. This mast is adapted to carry its loads sheave 21c, the cable being then directed downwardly in order to have its lower end anchored or dead-ended as at 21d on the base frame l0.
' The fall block 28 includes the usual depending hook 3| which receives the intermediate portion of a sling or constant length line 32. From the hook 3|, the line 32 diverges and is passed to spaced anchors 33 carried by the upper part of the frame F at its opposite sides.
With the mast M in its prone position, consideration will disclose that when the drum l3 through substantially its vertical axis and includes a pair of rearwardly disposed legs l6, which are united with the legs l5 by means of cross braces and diagonal struts l1. Likewise, the front legs l5 are united with each other by corresponding cross braces and struts l8. The back of the mast, that is, the side facing toward the drum I3, is substantially open and devoid of cross braces and struts so that the derrick as a whole is a three-sided pyramidal structure, completely unitary and self-sustaining in an upright position. The open rear face of the mast permits the hoisting operator, who is usually stationed adjacent to the draw works l3, to observe with unobstructed vision the operations which the mast is required to perform. The top of the mast structure is provided with a crown block l9, used in the rotatable support of cable sheaves.
In association with the mast M, use is made of a frame structure F which, because of its configuration, may be termed an A frame. Again, in the industry, this unit is also known as a -ginpole" frame. The frame F comprises, at each side thereof, a pair of downwardly diverging legs 2|, the lower ends of the latter being fastened to the base unit It. The upper ends of the frame legs 2| carry a horizontally disposed cross member 24. If desired, the upper ends of the rear pair of legs 2| may be pivotally united with the ends of the cross member 24 so that when not in active use, the frame F may be folded or collapsed, in a substantially horizontal position.- The frame F is somewhat narowerin width than the base portion of the mast end so that, as shown in Fig. 2, when the mast is in an upright position, its lower flared end will straddle the frame It will be noted in this connection that the mast M sustains its working loads independently of the frame F, although tie braces 22 may be employed to connect the two units when the mast is raised to assist in the torsional bracing of the'assembled structure.
In order to raise and lower the mast M by swinging the same about its pivotal connection I, use is made of-a cable 25, known as the live or variable length line. One end' of this line is wrapped around and secured to the drum l3, and from the drum the line extends over the guide sheave 26 carried .by the cross member 24 of the A frame, and after passing around this sheave is trained upwardly to sheave 21 of the crown block assembly, after which it is trained downwardly for passage over the sheave 28a of is rotated to wind one endof the cable 25 thereabout, the resulting shortening of the line 25 applies lifting forces to the derrick. The pull of the line 25 is applied to the fall block 28, but since the latter is held against movement by the constant length line 32, the shortening of the line results in the lifting of the prone derrick mast. As the mast is swung to its vertical position, the lines 25 and 32 remain in constant engagement with their respective guides or sheaves,
, so that their operation is positive during both raising and lowering of the mast. Said cable lines are composed of twisted strands of wire of appropriate diameterto withstand the considerable strains imposed thereon. However, said lines are compounded to reduce the strains thereon; therefore, unusually heavy cables need not be employed. When the mast is elevated, the same may be united, if desired, with the A frame by means of detachable braces 22.
As shown in Figures 8 to 12, the rear diverging leg-forming members 36 atthe bottom of the mast end maybe hinged, as at 31, to said mast so that when the derrick is undergoing transport, the hinged leg member may be lowered to extend substantially parallel with the companion leg member 38, thus decreasing the height dimension of the base of the derrick when the same is lowered. As stated, the A frame may be composed of pivotally united leg members which, during transport of the derrick, may be folded to rest on the collapsed leg members 36 and 33. Through this arrangement, the height dimen sions of the derrick may be suitably decreased during transport to comply with highway requirements.
Another particular advantage in using the hinged rear leg members 36 is to be found in their use in snubbingth movement of the mast as it is pulled by the cable 25 over its dead center position just before the mast reaches its upright position. Thus, as the mast is raised, the legs 36 are forced back so that their lower ends will engage different positions on the base floor,
checking the swing of the mast until it occupies its final upright position. At this time, the lower ends of said legs ar detachably fastened to the base-carried shoes 39. By so using the legs 36, the mast may be raised safely without necesisialrily employing an added snubbing cable or tag Intermediately of its height, the mast. preferably carries a pipe. racking and working platform 40 by which standard lengths of well pipe 4| may be supported on the base I!) in vertical order for convenient accessibility. The rear edge of this platform, as shown in Fig, 3, is offset to accommodate the line 25 to permit the latter to be employed freely without meeting with obstructions.
As shown, in Fig. 13, the'A frame may be provided with one or more housings 42 which receive coil springs of the expansion type, the springs pressing outwardly on plungers 43 which are disposed for engagement with a fixed transverse member 44 carried by the derrick or mast section. The plungers 43 are positioned so that as the mast section reaches substantially an initial upright position during the raising thereof, the plungers are engaged to compress the spring or springs 45, thus checking the motion of the mast section as it settles to its final upright position. A cable may be connected with the mast section to draw it into its final upright position to compress the springs 45 to a greater degree than could be obtained by the weight of the oscillating mast, and hold the springs under such compression. The stored energy in the springs may thus b used to initiate movement of the mast section toward a lowered position upon release of the cable means.
By arranging the rearwardly extending legs of the A frame within the confines of the base of the mast section, when the latter is elevated, the drill pipe shown at 4| may be stacked within the A frame and guided thereby in position to be passed through the open side of the derrick mast. Also, it will be. noted that the forwardly extending legs 2| of the frame F are connected with the base sills l0 immediately adjacent to the pivotal mounting l4, minimizing or eliminating bending stresses in the base, sills.
We claim:
1. A derrick structure comprising a portable base, a mast section having longitudinally extending front and rear pairs of corner legs rigidly united by a plurality of cross braces and struts forming the front and sides of the mast section, the back of said section being open and devoid of braces and struts throughout at least the greater part of its length, said mast section being stable and self-sustaining when in an upright position on said base to form an independent unit capable of supporting its working loads substantially along its vertical axis, means pivotally uniting the lower ends of the front pair of said legs to said base to provide for swinging movement of said mast section between prone and upright positions, a gin pole frame mounted on said base adjacent to said mast section, said frame at the top thereof having a horizontally disposed cross member and pairs of downwardly diverging base-engaging legs at the ends of said cross member, the location of said frame on said base being such that the cross member at the top thereof is rearwardly spaced from the rear legs and open back of said mast section to form a drill pipe receiving enclosure therewith, torsion-transmitting braces rigidly uniting the upper part of said frame with an intermediate portion of said mast section when the latter occupies its upright position, and power-actuated cable means carried by said base and cooperative with said frame and derrick section to raise and lower the latter through its swinging movement about the pivotal connection thereof with said base.
2. The structure set forth in claim'l in which the front legs of the gin pole frame have their lower ends secured to the base in positions immediately adjacent to the means pivotally uniting the lower ends of the front pair of legs of the mast section to said base, whereby bending stresses in the base are minimized.
CLIFFORD R. ATHY. CHARLES R. KONKLE. ERNEST H. MUNRO.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 2,271,578 Woolslayer et al Feb. 3, 1942 2,332,479 Woolslayer et a1 Oct. 19, 1943 2,345,253 Funk Mar. 28, 1944 2,354,922 McEwen et a1 Aug. 1, 1944 2,403,080 Hilborn July 2, 1946 2,403,081 Hilborn July 2, 1946
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2742260A (en) * 1953-07-17 1956-04-17 Patterson Luther Well derrick
US2762226A (en) * 1952-10-06 1956-09-11 Lang Anthony Apparatus for transmitting power from a farm tractor to a jack elevator
US2780326A (en) * 1953-11-27 1957-02-05 Moore Corp Lee C Oil well mast gin pole
US2863530A (en) * 1954-02-03 1958-12-09 Moore Corp Lee C Portable oil well derrick
US10519728B2 (en) 2016-03-07 2019-12-31 Goliath Snubbing Ltd. Standing pipe rack back system

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2271578A (en) * 1941-08-22 1942-02-03 Lee C Moore & Company Inc Collapsible mast erection
US2332479A (en) * 1943-04-10 1943-10-19 Lee C Moore & Company Inc Mast structure
US2345253A (en) * 1940-12-28 1944-03-28 American Steel Derrick Company Portable derrick
US2354922A (en) * 1941-02-14 1944-08-01 Int Stacey Corp Portable derrick
US2403080A (en) * 1944-05-06 1946-07-02 Emsco Derrick & Equip Co Method and means for raising and lowering portable derricks
US2403081A (en) * 1944-08-12 1946-07-02 Emsco Derrick & Equip Co Portable derrick

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2345253A (en) * 1940-12-28 1944-03-28 American Steel Derrick Company Portable derrick
US2354922A (en) * 1941-02-14 1944-08-01 Int Stacey Corp Portable derrick
US2271578A (en) * 1941-08-22 1942-02-03 Lee C Moore & Company Inc Collapsible mast erection
US2332479A (en) * 1943-04-10 1943-10-19 Lee C Moore & Company Inc Mast structure
US2403080A (en) * 1944-05-06 1946-07-02 Emsco Derrick & Equip Co Method and means for raising and lowering portable derricks
US2403081A (en) * 1944-08-12 1946-07-02 Emsco Derrick & Equip Co Portable derrick

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2762226A (en) * 1952-10-06 1956-09-11 Lang Anthony Apparatus for transmitting power from a farm tractor to a jack elevator
US2742260A (en) * 1953-07-17 1956-04-17 Patterson Luther Well derrick
US2780326A (en) * 1953-11-27 1957-02-05 Moore Corp Lee C Oil well mast gin pole
US2863530A (en) * 1954-02-03 1958-12-09 Moore Corp Lee C Portable oil well derrick
US10519728B2 (en) 2016-03-07 2019-12-31 Goliath Snubbing Ltd. Standing pipe rack back system

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