US2501951A - Construction of tanks, silos, and like vessels - Google Patents

Construction of tanks, silos, and like vessels Download PDF

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US2501951A
US2501951A US606750A US60675045A US2501951A US 2501951 A US2501951 A US 2501951A US 606750 A US606750 A US 606750A US 60675045 A US60675045 A US 60675045A US 2501951 A US2501951 A US 2501951A
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staves
construction
stave
vessels
tanks
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Lintz Mark
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Lintz Mark
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H7/00Construction or assembling of bulk storage containers employing civil engineering techniques in situ or off the site
    • E04H7/22Containers for fluent solids, e.g. silos, bunkers; Supports therefor
    • E04H7/24Constructions, with or without perforated walls, depending on the use of specified materials
    • E04H7/26Constructions, with or without perforated walls, depending on the use of specified materials mainly of concrete, e.g. reinforced concrete or other stone-like materials
    • E04H7/28Constructions, with or without perforated walls, depending on the use of specified materials mainly of concrete, e.g. reinforced concrete or other stone-like materials composed of special building elements

Description

March 28, 1950 M. LINTZ 2,501,951

CONSTRUCTION OF TANKS, SILOS, AND LIKE vEssELs Filed July 24, 1945 -F'Il3-E nwmroe MARK L/A/TZ Patented Mar. 28, 1950 a .L

UNITED CONSTRUCTION OF TANKS, SILOS, AND LIKE VESSELS Mark Lintz, San Francisco, Calif.

Application July 24, 1945, Serial No. 605,750

1 Claim. 1

This invention relates to improvements in the construction of tanks, silos and like vessels.

The present invention relates to construction of vessels of concrete and particularly to one wherein a plurality of staves are provided and are secured together by several hoops which encircle the assembled, positioned staves. It is, of course, well known to manufacture vessels of this character from Wood staves, each of which is cut in such a manner that the butting edges coincide with the radii of the final vessel. In ac cordance with this invention, the staves are fashioned of concrete and are held together by several encircling hoops. To ensure that the concrete staves can be formed without use of a complicated mold and to obviate any final finishing operation, I provide, between each adjacent pair of concrete staves, an abutment member or spline which provides the contact between the staves, joining the staves in a sealing engagement. Utilization of this construction enables me to case the staves using simple forms so that the final tank construction is quite inexpensive and is competitive with wood tanks.

It is the generally broad object of the present invention to provide an improved, concrete stave construction which can be utilized in providing tanks, silos and like vessels.

The invention includes other objects and features of advantage, some of which, together with the foregoing will appear hereinafter wherein the present preferred construction of this invention is illustrated.

Referring to the drawing accompanying and forming a part hereof, Figure 1 is a section taken transversely through the wall of a tank constructed in accordance with the present invention.

Figure 2 is a side elevation with two different portions of the tank broken away to illustrate the side wall construction and the detail of construction utilized to provide the juncture between adjacent concrete staves.

Referring to the drawing, 1 provide a plurality of staves indicated generally at 6 and of a height corresponding to that desired for the vessel. Each stave is case of concrete, includes an arcuate inner face 1 and an arcuate outer face 8, the latter being additionally relieved as at 9 to provide a recess in which battens iii are mounted when the staves are assembled. The side edges H and [2 of each stave fall along the radii of the final vessel, each stave representing an arcuate segment taken between two circles, the distance between the two circles corresponding to the depth of the stave, and the arcuate length of the segment corresponding to the angular width of the particular are applied to the circles. Each stave can include steel reenforcement which I have not shown in the drawing.

In accordance with this invention, sides I l and E2 of each stave are recessed as at I4 about midway along each edge. Preferably, each recess is V-shaped in outline. Between adjacent staves and in the cooperatively positioned recesses 14 is mounted a wood spacer or spline [6 of a configuration adapted to fit in and seal the space between the adjacent staves. In the drawings I have shown spacer 16 as square in cross section and fitting into the two adjacent V-shaped recesses M. This construction has proven quite useful. Spline l6 can also be made circular in section, recesses M then being fashioned so as to fit a spacer of this section.

The staves are assembled in much the same manner as is usual for assembly of a vessel fashioned of such elements. Thus, assuming that a suitable bottom or base has been provided, it is only necessary to mount the staves in an upright position on this, splines 46 being positioned between recesses M on the adjacent staves. At the same time, the encircling hoops I l are applied over battens It, the hoops being finally drawn up tight in the usual manner to ensure that the vessel is fluid tight.

Provision of the splines between the staves permits the latter to be made with a generally rectangular cross-section for the splines space the staves apart and sides I! and I2 need not fall along the radii of the tank. The splines can also be made of wood with a cross-section correspond ing to an equilateral triangle, the base of which is engaged with the adjacent staves.

I claim:

A vessel of the character described consisting essentially of a plurality of substantially vertical precast concrete staves arranged in a side by side relationship and extending from the bottom to the top of the vessel, each stave being substantially rectangular in horizontal section and having an inner and an outer vertical face and vertical sides arranged at a radial angle to one another, each side having a longitudinal V-shaped recess along each vertical face thereof and intermediate the inner and outer faces of the stave, a rectangular wood spacer positioned between each adjacent stave pair in engagement with the vertical V-shaped recesses therein, and maintaining adjacent staves in a spaced relationship, the outer vertical face of each stave being recessed 3 adjacent each side thereof to provide a recess in REFERENCES CITED the front face of the stave for a batten, a vertical batten fitted into the vertical recesses in each adgg 3 g i f i are of lecord m the jacent stave pair and covering the space between the adjacent stave pair and extending out beyond UNITED A S PA ENTS tilif stave pair, and hoops positioned over said Number Name Date b ttens for retaining said staves in sealing en- 353,696 Hubbard May 14, 1907 gagement with said spacers and for retaining 1,109,566 Brookshire Sept' 1 1914 said battens in position on said stave pairs. 1,383,166 Steinkraus June 28: 1921 2,074,592 Rowell Mar. 23, 1937 MARK LINTZ.

US606750A 1945-07-24 1945-07-24 Construction of tanks, silos, and like vessels Expired - Lifetime US2501951A (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3119153A (en) * 1960-11-07 1964-01-28 Elmer W Martin Demountable building
FR2403436A1 (en) * 1977-09-14 1979-04-13 Dansk Spaend As Vat wall prestressing annularly and composed of concrete elements shaped plate
US4862661A (en) * 1984-04-16 1989-09-05 Moore John V Enclosed structure and method of construction
US5263603A (en) * 1993-02-10 1993-11-23 Insultherm, Inc. Insulation system for storage tanks
EP0691444A1 (en) * 1994-07-06 1996-01-10 Julio Perez-Manglano Soto Prefabricated modular bulk Silo
JP2011099550A (en) * 2009-11-05 2011-05-19 Korea Gas Corp Method of constructing liquefied gas storage tank for land
US20130255667A1 (en) * 2012-04-02 2013-10-03 Colorado School Of Mines Solid particle thermal energy storage design for a fluidized-bed concentrating solar power plant
US9702348B2 (en) 2013-04-03 2017-07-11 Alliance For Sustainable Energy, Llc Chemical looping fluidized-bed concentrating solar power system and method
US10302253B2 (en) 2016-06-28 2019-05-28 Insultherm, Inc. Insulated sphere, insulation system therefore, and method of installing same
US10323190B2 (en) 2016-04-26 2019-06-18 Insultherm, Inc. Insulated coke drum, insulation system therefore, and method of installing same

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US853696A (en) * 1906-01-08 1907-05-14 Arthur O Hubbard Silo.
US1109566A (en) * 1913-09-09 1914-09-01 Samuel N Brookshire Silo.
US1383166A (en) * 1918-02-11 1921-06-28 William P Chase Masonry silo
US2074592A (en) * 1936-01-17 1937-03-23 Frank F Rowell Silo

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US853696A (en) * 1906-01-08 1907-05-14 Arthur O Hubbard Silo.
US1109566A (en) * 1913-09-09 1914-09-01 Samuel N Brookshire Silo.
US1383166A (en) * 1918-02-11 1921-06-28 William P Chase Masonry silo
US2074592A (en) * 1936-01-17 1937-03-23 Frank F Rowell Silo

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3119153A (en) * 1960-11-07 1964-01-28 Elmer W Martin Demountable building
FR2403436A1 (en) * 1977-09-14 1979-04-13 Dansk Spaend As Vat wall prestressing annularly and composed of concrete elements shaped plate
US4862661A (en) * 1984-04-16 1989-09-05 Moore John V Enclosed structure and method of construction
US5263603A (en) * 1993-02-10 1993-11-23 Insultherm, Inc. Insulation system for storage tanks
EP0691444A1 (en) * 1994-07-06 1996-01-10 Julio Perez-Manglano Soto Prefabricated modular bulk Silo
JP2011099550A (en) * 2009-11-05 2011-05-19 Korea Gas Corp Method of constructing liquefied gas storage tank for land
US20130255667A1 (en) * 2012-04-02 2013-10-03 Colorado School Of Mines Solid particle thermal energy storage design for a fluidized-bed concentrating solar power plant
US9702348B2 (en) 2013-04-03 2017-07-11 Alliance For Sustainable Energy, Llc Chemical looping fluidized-bed concentrating solar power system and method
US10323190B2 (en) 2016-04-26 2019-06-18 Insultherm, Inc. Insulated coke drum, insulation system therefore, and method of installing same
US10302253B2 (en) 2016-06-28 2019-05-28 Insultherm, Inc. Insulated sphere, insulation system therefore, and method of installing same

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