US2499898A - Clasp - Google Patents

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Publication number
US2499898A
US2499898A US717996A US71799646A US2499898A US 2499898 A US2499898 A US 2499898A US 717996 A US717996 A US 717996A US 71799646 A US71799646 A US 71799646A US 2499898 A US2499898 A US 2499898A
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United States
Prior art keywords
prongs
clasp
parts
heads
l2
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Expired - Lifetime
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US717996A
Inventor
Albert F Anderson
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Albert F Anderson
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Priority to US717996A priority Critical patent/US2499898A/en
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Publication of US2499898A publication Critical patent/US2499898A/en
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Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A44HABERDASHERY; JEWELLERY
    • A44BBUTTONS, PINS, BUCKLES, SLIDE FASTENERS, OR THE LIKE
    • A44B18/00Fasteners of the touch-and-close type; Making such fasteners
    • A44B18/0046Fasteners made integrally of plastics
    • A44B18/0053Fasteners made integrally of plastics in which each part has similar elements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S128/00Surgery
    • Y10S128/15Hook and loop type fastener
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/27Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc. including readily dissociable fastener having numerous, protruding, unitary filaments randomly interlocking with, and simultaneously moving towards, mating structure [e.g., hook-loop type fastener]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T403/00Joints and connections
    • Y10T403/70Interfitted members

Description

March 7, 1950 A. F. ANDERSON CLASP Filed Dec. 23, 1946 OOOAPNVwDO FIG.

6 "m M 3 m F w G m H RC2 i o W 0 m A. J (10 00 0000 0 00000000 0 00,00 00 0 00000000 00000000. 00000000 6/ wwoooooo 0 0000000 00000000 \QvDDbbY WMMM FIG.

A T TORN Y Patented Mar. 7, 1950 UNITED STATES FATENT GFFICE 1 Claim.

This invention relates to improvements in clasps or fastenings for use with wearing apparel, such as garments, shoes, belts, suspenders and similar articles.

It is the object of this invention to produce a fastener in the nature of a clasp, which is adapted for general use, but more particularly for use with wearing apparel and which can be manipulated with ease and rapidity without the necessity of careful alignment or adjustments and which, to a large extent, is self-adjusting after being fastened.

Another object is to produce a clasp for the purpose above pointed out which will be particularly well adapted for use in connection with surgical bandages and which is of such construction that it will yield in response to excessive strains without breaking or becoming unfastened, and which, therefore, efiects an automatic adjustment that prevents the formation of strains of such magnitude that they produce breakage of the article to which the clasps are attached, or discomfort to the person wearing the garment.

This invention, briefly described, comprises two complementary members or parts of similar form so constructed that they may be securely interconnected when lapped over each other and pressed together, and which may be readily separated again by exerting forces tending to move the lapped surfaces apart. Articles attached to the clasped parts may thus be securely held together and readily separated.

The above and other objects of the invention that may appear as the description proceeds are attained by means of a construction and an arrangement of parts that will now be described in detail and for this purpose reference will be had to the accompanying drawings in which the invention has been illustrated in its preferred form and in which:

Figure 1 is a top plan view showing the clasped parts in overlapping and interconnected position;

Figure 2 is an edge view looking through plane A-A, in Figure 1;

Figure 3 is a plan view of one of the surfaces looking in the direction of arrow 3, in Figure 2;

Figure 4 is a plan view showing two specifically different interconnecting means;

Figure 5 is a section taken on line B--B, Figure 4, and in which the complementary part has been shown in dot and dash lines;

Figure 6 is a View showing a slightly modified form of the invention; and

Figure '7 is another modification of the invention.

In the drawing reference numerals l0 and II designate the two complementary clasp members which may be secured to the ends of a belt, a bandage or a garment or any other two members that are to be interconnected.

During this description it will be assumed that the material employed is made from some flexible or semi-flexible material of which some of the many plastics now on the market are examples.

It is to be understood, of course, that any material or combination of materials suitable for the purpose can be employed. The member designated by reference numeral I0 is provided on one surface with a large number of prongs l2 that are spaced uniform distances apart in transverse and longitudinal rows. This spacing provides a construction in which any four members form a socket like that shown in Figure 4.

The complementary clasp member that has been designated by reference numeral H is provided on its under surface, when viewed as in Figure 2, with a large number of projections or prongs l3 that are spaced in longitudinal and transverse rows twice as far apart as the corresponding prongs 12 on member Ill. Prongs l2 and I3 are formed with enlarged heads that cooperate to hold parts l0 and H together when engaged. Those on member II have been designated by a small a: and are shown most clearly in Figure 5. The crosses appearing in Figure 1 are merely intended to designate the positions of the prongs on the under surface. The prongs on members Ill and I! are preferably of approximately the same shape and size and the heads or the enlargements x on prongs l3 are of such size that in order to position them in a socket formed by four prongs l2, as shown in Figures 4 and 5. prongs l2 will be spread apart sufficiently to permit the heads a: on prongs iii to enter the sockets. The necks of prongs [3 may be slightly larger than the space between the surfaces of the heads of prongs H2 in each row, although in Figure 5 it appears otherwise because the section has been taken on a diagonal plane.

Due to the symmetrical spacing of prongs l2, sockets for prongs l3 are formed and due to the wider spacing of prongs l3, the spaces between sockets having prongs in engagement are unobstructed, leaving space for the free movement of the heads of prongs l2 when they are forced apart by the heads of prongs [3 during the process of opening and closing the clasp and also during the translatory movement of prongs l3 from one socket to another, which occurs when the clasp yields to excessive forces. An excessive force in the direction PP, Figure 2, will cause such a movement, for example. To open the clasp the parts i9 and H, Figure 2, are moved apart in the direction of arrows CC. To close the clasp, parts it and H are merely overlapped and pressed together; the prongs of each part will intermesh in the manner described and the heads of the prongs will interlock to keep the clasp from separating.

In Figure '7, a slide it is employed to keep the clasp from separating and the intermeshed prongs may the-n be without heads or enlargements. To open this clasp the slide is first shifted away from the overlapped surfaces of the clasp and the two parts may then be separated.

Referring to Figure 2, it is apparent that the clasp may be disengaged or separated by grasping the end of member H and pulling it away from member iii and flexing it at the sametime so that only a few rows of prongs will become disengaged at a time and this progressively, until. all are released.

Thus a much smaller force is required to disengage the clasp than would be required. if the holding power of all the interlocked pron s were to be overcome at one time.

When the two parts of the clasp are engaged, forces acting in a plane parallel to the engaged surfaces, as, for example, in direction P--P, will be resisted collectively by all prongs if; that become intermeshed with prongs l2, but if an excessive force is applied in this direction, the clasp will yield, allowing the surfaces to slide past each other because the collective resistance of the intermeshed prongs is overcome and prongs l3 move progressively from soclzet to socket formed by prongs S2, which are to permit this movement while remaining interlocked against forces tending to separate th engagement surfaces of the clasp parts 10 and i i.

In order for prongs is to move from one socket to another, it must overcome the resistance required to spread the heads of prongs l2 apart slightly; therefore, the necks of prongs E2, or the base on which they are mounted, must flex suiiiciently to permit this movement. The collective resistance of a great many individual prongs is, of course, quite large, even though the resistance of each prong is small.

It should be explained that the invention has con shown to a greatly enlarged scale on the drawing so as to facilitate description and understanding of the operation. In the actual clasp-s, however, prongs l2 and l 3 are very much smaller than shown; prongs it, for example, may be as small as one thirty-second s) of an inch in height, the cooperation and relationship being the same for all sizes. There is no reason why clasps constructed in this manner cannot be made of the size shown in the drawing.

Referring now to Figure 4, it will be observed that two groups of prongs i2 have been shown. In the group to the right the prongs are circular, while those in the group to the left have a rectangular cross section. This showing is presented merely for the purpose of illustrating the fact that a circula cross section is not an essential to the invention; however, it is believed that a circular cross section or the prongs is preferable, both from the point of manufacture and of operation.

' tion of interlock In Figure 5, the position of prong 13 has been indicated by the small letter a. The number of prongs that are interlocked depends, of course, upon the length of the overlap, other thing being equal.

By means of the spacing and. relative position of the two sets of prongs, the resistance offered to forces tending to separate the parts by a longitudinal movement can be varied and in the preferred arrangement the separate resistances of the prongs are comparatively small. However, by employing a large number of interlocking pro gs and sockets, the resistance may be increased to any desired amount. Where the clasp is employed in connection with bandages 0r belts, the parts may be of such relative proportions that a longitudinal adjustment will automatically be effected with forces that do not injure the wearer or patient.

It is evident that if prongs i2 and i3 are arranged in rows parallel with the forces acting to separate the parts, the heads of prongs l2 must be moved apart slightly in order to let prongs l3 pass. If prongs it could move freely, there would be no effective resistance in the fastening.

In Figure 5, prongs E2 have been arranged in groups of three, each three prongs forming a socket. With the triangular arrangement, prongs it can move only a short distance before their movement brings them into engagement with prongs i2, prongs i must then chang their direction of motion. In Figure 6, one of the several possible paths have been indicated by the dotted line T. The heads on the prongs may be small, compared to the stem, when the triangular arrangement shown in Figure 6 is employed, and since their principal function is to prevent accidental separation, it is possible to employ cylindrical pins and provide some other means to prevent separation, as, for example, in Figure 7, a

lide is used for this purpose.

Having described the invention what is claimed as new is:

A clasp comprising, two overlapping members, each having a plurality of prongs extending from one side thereof, said prongs having enlarged portions interlockingly engaging reduced portions on the complementary member, said prongs being resilient and the interlock such that the members resist separation against a predetermined force in a direction longitudinally of said prongs and also resist relative movement in a direction longitudinally of the members, but may slide relative to one another to a new posiupon application of a force in excess of said last predetermined force.

ALBERT F. ANDERSON.

orrnn The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS

US717996A 1946-12-23 1946-12-23 Clasp Expired - Lifetime US2499898A (en)

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Cited By (85)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2685690A (en) * 1952-12-23 1954-08-10 Charles M Chrisman Detachable advertising panel for garments
US2940149A (en) * 1953-09-02 1960-06-14 O'connor Dagmar Fastening devices for suspenders, belts and the like
DE1090154B (en) * 1958-08-20 1960-10-06 Internat Patents Dev Corp Zipper
DE1115201B (en) * 1957-10-02 1961-10-19 Velcro Sa Soulie Zip with flaechenhaft distributed coupling mechanism
US3031730A (en) * 1958-09-26 1962-05-01 Louis H Morin Burr-type closure or coupling element
US3054399A (en) * 1959-09-18 1962-09-18 Nelson D Gaddy Surgical cast-forming material
US3057354A (en) * 1959-04-13 1962-10-09 Personal Products Corp Supporting device
US3088237A (en) * 1959-03-18 1963-05-07 Walter A Plummer Snap-on marker
US3101517A (en) * 1960-11-28 1963-08-27 Fox Marvin Fastener
US3138841A (en) * 1962-10-23 1964-06-30 Naimer Jack Separable fastening fabrics
US3147528A (en) * 1961-11-14 1964-09-08 Velcro Sa Soulie Separable fastener element
US3192589A (en) * 1960-07-18 1965-07-06 Raymond C Pearson Separable fastener
US3247847A (en) * 1964-01-27 1966-04-26 Robert V Mathison Bandage structures
US3255749A (en) * 1963-06-27 1966-06-14 John A Smithers Bandage wrap
US3266113A (en) * 1963-10-07 1966-08-16 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Interreacting articles
DE1227708B (en) * 1963-05-07 1966-10-27 August Krukenberg Flaechenreissverschluss
US3337258A (en) * 1965-03-10 1967-08-22 Ideal Rubber Products Co Inc Floor mats for vehicles
US3408705A (en) * 1966-07-07 1968-11-05 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Fastener articles
DE1283705B (en) * 1962-03-27 1968-11-21 Josef Streule Shoe closure
US3413752A (en) * 1967-11-14 1968-12-03 Charles O. Perry Body having a snap-type fastener
US3505772A (en) * 1969-04-17 1970-04-14 Gen Motors Corp Retainer including two interfitting parts
US3597874A (en) * 1969-04-14 1971-08-10 Charles S Ogsbury Releasably interlocking units having a snap connection
DE1575199B1 (en) * 1966-02-10 1971-11-11 Minnesota Mining & Mfg plate connection
US3747171A (en) * 1971-12-29 1973-07-24 A Montague Clasp for watchbands
JPS5040396U (en) * 1973-08-03 1975-04-24
US3947928A (en) * 1975-02-06 1976-04-06 Lawrence Peska Associates, Inc. Snap-on shoe lace
US4065834A (en) * 1976-05-13 1978-01-03 Montague Jr Archer A Watchband
EP0037652A1 (en) * 1980-03-31 1981-10-14 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Two strip materials used for forming fasteners
US4518389A (en) * 1981-06-26 1985-05-21 Kingsdown Medical Consultants, Limited Interdigitated coupling for an ostomy bag
EP0217549A1 (en) * 1985-09-05 1987-04-08 Velcro Industries B.V. Self-engaging separable fastener and method of producing such a fastener
US4870721A (en) * 1989-03-07 1989-10-03 Nathan Cohen Multi-prong surface connector
US4875259A (en) * 1986-09-08 1989-10-24 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Intermeshable article
EP0418954A2 (en) * 1989-09-19 1991-03-27 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Absorbent article having a textured fastener
US5050846A (en) * 1990-11-01 1991-09-24 Ship'n Out Company Adjustable length, non-mechanized pedestrian traffic barrier system
US5088162A (en) * 1990-07-16 1992-02-18 Allan Robert M Connector apparatus
US5088164A (en) * 1986-09-08 1992-02-18 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Container with intermeshable closure members
US5113555A (en) * 1986-09-08 1992-05-19 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Container with intermeshable closure members
US5179767A (en) * 1990-07-16 1993-01-19 Allan Robert M Connector apparatus
US5201101A (en) * 1992-04-28 1993-04-13 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Method of attaching articles and a pair of articles fastened by the method
US5212853A (en) * 1992-03-10 1993-05-25 Nifco Inc. Separable plastic fastener and method and apparatus for manufacturing thereof
US5221276A (en) * 1989-09-19 1993-06-22 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article having a textured fastener
US5250253A (en) * 1989-09-19 1993-10-05 The Procter & Gamble Company Method of making a pressure-sensitive adhesive fastener
EP0565750A1 (en) * 1992-04-14 1993-10-20 GOTTLIEB BINDER GMBH & Co. Mechanical fastening element and connection realized by this element
US5292047A (en) * 1990-04-26 1994-03-08 Bobst Sa Universal movable upper tool for a waste-stripping station situated within a sheet die-cutting machine used for producing packages
US5345659A (en) * 1990-07-16 1994-09-13 Allan Robert M Connector apparatus with nesting ridges
US5360270A (en) * 1992-04-28 1994-11-01 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Reusable security enclosure
US5361462A (en) * 1992-04-24 1994-11-08 Yoshida Kogyo K.K. Molded surface fastener
US5490808A (en) * 1993-01-28 1996-02-13 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Abrasive attachment system for rotative abrading applications
US5555608A (en) * 1990-07-16 1996-09-17 Allan; Robert M. Connector apparatus with nesting ridges
US5606781A (en) * 1995-02-17 1997-03-04 Velcro Industries, B.V. Separable fastener having a bald perimeter rib bounded by fastening elements
US5634245A (en) * 1995-07-14 1997-06-03 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Structured surface fastener
US5640744A (en) * 1990-07-16 1997-06-24 Allan; Robert M. Nested ridge strap connector apparatus
US5643216A (en) * 1995-06-08 1997-07-01 White; James E. Patient bracelet having catheter capture integrally formed therewith and methods of making the same
FR2743850A1 (en) * 1996-01-19 1997-07-25 Allibert Ind Fastening system with interlocking plastics ribs and studs
US5657516A (en) * 1995-10-12 1997-08-19 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Dual structured fastener elements
US5900302A (en) * 1995-10-02 1999-05-04 Ykk Corporation Molded surface fastener having an ornamental pattern, and method of and apparatus for manufacturing same
US5980230A (en) * 1997-04-11 1999-11-09 Velcro Industries B.V. Forming fastener products
US6059558A (en) * 1998-07-27 2000-05-09 Velcro Industries Injection molding fastener products
US6159596A (en) * 1997-12-23 2000-12-12 3M Innovative Properties Company Self mating adhesive fastener element articles including a self mating adhesive fastener element and methods for producing and using
US6162040A (en) * 1999-02-01 2000-12-19 Velcro Industries B.V. Molds for forming touch fasteners
US6224364B1 (en) 1998-09-21 2001-05-01 Velcro Industries B.V. Injection molding products having fastener elements
US20020070252A1 (en) * 2000-12-12 2002-06-13 Bauer Tonya Daree Quick-change watchbands
US6453519B1 (en) 1999-08-06 2002-09-24 Sagoma Plastics Corporation Buckle
US6478784B1 (en) 2000-06-19 2002-11-12 The Procter & Gamble Company Garment having integrally-formed surface protrusions
US6641096B2 (en) 2001-09-13 2003-11-04 3M Innovative Properties Company Stretch releasing adhesive tape article with bundling strap
US6708379B1 (en) * 2002-08-09 2004-03-23 Eric P. Wilson Fastening device and method for material having a mesh
WO2004071584A1 (en) 2003-02-07 2004-08-26 3M Innovative Properties Company Firestop article with attachment surface
US20050227600A1 (en) * 2004-04-08 2005-10-13 3M Innovative Properties Company Attachment system for a sanding tool
US20060171609A1 (en) * 2005-01-31 2006-08-03 Turvey Robert R Reclosable pouch and closure element therefor having interlocking closure profiles
US20060168775A1 (en) * 2005-01-31 2006-08-03 Turvey Robert R Closure mechanism including closure profiles having a hollow core
US20060168774A1 (en) * 2005-01-31 2006-08-03 Pawloski James C Closure profile and die plate for extruding same
US20060168777A1 (en) * 2005-01-31 2006-08-03 Turvey Robert R Slider for a reclosable pouch
US20060168776A1 (en) * 2005-01-31 2006-08-03 Dais Brian C Pouch and resealable closure mechanism therefor including a plurality of interlocking closure elements
US20060177161A1 (en) * 2005-01-31 2006-08-10 Turvey Robert R Pouch having at least one pleat
US7246416B2 (en) * 2000-10-19 2007-07-24 Leonard Arnold Duffy Slidingly Engagable Fasteners and method
US20070258665A1 (en) * 2006-05-05 2007-11-08 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Wide mouth gusseted pouches
US20080002919A1 (en) * 2006-06-29 2008-01-03 Dais Brian C Resealable closure mechanism
US20130091667A1 (en) * 2011-10-06 2013-04-18 Paul Anthony Zerfas Mechanical And Adhesive Based Reclosable Fasteners
US20130111840A1 (en) * 2011-11-09 2013-05-09 Robert B. Bordener Kit and assembly for compensating for coefficients of thermal expansion of decorative mounted panels
US9480931B1 (en) * 2012-11-16 2016-11-01 Mattel, Inc. Building components
US9518393B2 (en) 2011-11-09 2016-12-13 Robert B. Bordener Kit and assembly for compensating for coefficients of thermal expansion of decorative mounted panels
US9650790B2 (en) 2011-11-09 2017-05-16 Robert B. Bordener Bracket, kit and assembly for decorative mounted panels
US20170218992A1 (en) * 2016-01-28 2017-08-03 Bishop Gmbh Fastening System
US20180154275A1 (en) * 2016-12-05 2018-06-07 Brian Semling Flexible interconnectable block and fastener system
USD845761S1 (en) * 2018-01-17 2019-04-16 Hms Mfg. Co. Closure clip

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Cited By (102)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2685690A (en) * 1952-12-23 1954-08-10 Charles M Chrisman Detachable advertising panel for garments
US2940149A (en) * 1953-09-02 1960-06-14 O'connor Dagmar Fastening devices for suspenders, belts and the like
DE1115201B (en) * 1957-10-02 1961-10-19 Velcro Sa Soulie Zip with flaechenhaft distributed coupling mechanism
DE1090154B (en) * 1958-08-20 1960-10-06 Internat Patents Dev Corp Zipper
US3031730A (en) * 1958-09-26 1962-05-01 Louis H Morin Burr-type closure or coupling element
US3088237A (en) * 1959-03-18 1963-05-07 Walter A Plummer Snap-on marker
US3057354A (en) * 1959-04-13 1962-10-09 Personal Products Corp Supporting device
US3054399A (en) * 1959-09-18 1962-09-18 Nelson D Gaddy Surgical cast-forming material
US3192589A (en) * 1960-07-18 1965-07-06 Raymond C Pearson Separable fastener
US3101517A (en) * 1960-11-28 1963-08-27 Fox Marvin Fastener
US3147528A (en) * 1961-11-14 1964-09-08 Velcro Sa Soulie Separable fastener element
DE1283705B (en) * 1962-03-27 1968-11-21 Josef Streule Shoe closure
US3138841A (en) * 1962-10-23 1964-06-30 Naimer Jack Separable fastening fabrics
DE1227708B (en) * 1963-05-07 1966-10-27 August Krukenberg Flaechenreissverschluss
US3255749A (en) * 1963-06-27 1966-06-14 John A Smithers Bandage wrap
US3266113A (en) * 1963-10-07 1966-08-16 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Interreacting articles
US3247847A (en) * 1964-01-27 1966-04-26 Robert V Mathison Bandage structures
US3337258A (en) * 1965-03-10 1967-08-22 Ideal Rubber Products Co Inc Floor mats for vehicles
DE1575199B1 (en) * 1966-02-10 1971-11-11 Minnesota Mining & Mfg plate connection
US3408705A (en) * 1966-07-07 1968-11-05 Minnesota Mining & Mfg Fastener articles
US3413752A (en) * 1967-11-14 1968-12-03 Charles O. Perry Body having a snap-type fastener
US3597874A (en) * 1969-04-14 1971-08-10 Charles S Ogsbury Releasably interlocking units having a snap connection
US3505772A (en) * 1969-04-17 1970-04-14 Gen Motors Corp Retainer including two interfitting parts
US3747171A (en) * 1971-12-29 1973-07-24 A Montague Clasp for watchbands
JPS5040396U (en) * 1973-08-03 1975-04-24
US3947928A (en) * 1975-02-06 1976-04-06 Lawrence Peska Associates, Inc. Snap-on shoe lace
US4065834A (en) * 1976-05-13 1978-01-03 Montague Jr Archer A Watchband
EP0037652A1 (en) * 1980-03-31 1981-10-14 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Two strip materials used for forming fasteners
US4322875A (en) * 1980-03-31 1982-04-06 Minnesota Mining And Manfacturing Company Two strip materials used for forming fasteners
US4518389A (en) * 1981-06-26 1985-05-21 Kingsdown Medical Consultants, Limited Interdigitated coupling for an ostomy bag
EP0217549A1 (en) * 1985-09-05 1987-04-08 Velcro Industries B.V. Self-engaging separable fastener and method of producing such a fastener
US5113555A (en) * 1986-09-08 1992-05-19 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Container with intermeshable closure members
US5088164A (en) * 1986-09-08 1992-02-18 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Container with intermeshable closure members
US4875259A (en) * 1986-09-08 1989-10-24 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Intermeshable article
US4870721A (en) * 1989-03-07 1989-10-03 Nathan Cohen Multi-prong surface connector
EP0418954A2 (en) * 1989-09-19 1991-03-27 THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY Absorbent article having a textured fastener
EP0418954A3 (en) * 1989-09-19 1992-09-02 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article having a textured fastener
US5221276A (en) * 1989-09-19 1993-06-22 The Procter & Gamble Company Absorbent article having a textured fastener
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