US2496470A - Vacuum tank drain valve - Google Patents

Vacuum tank drain valve Download PDF

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Publication number
US2496470A
US2496470A US1600248A US2496470A US 2496470 A US2496470 A US 2496470A US 1600248 A US1600248 A US 1600248A US 2496470 A US2496470 A US 2496470A
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
vacuum
drain
valve
tank
chamber
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Floyd G Hodsdon
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Navistar International Corp
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Navistar International Corp
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01JMANUFACTURE OF DAIRY PRODUCTS
    • A01J5/00Milking machines or devices
    • A01J5/04Milking machines or devices with pneumatic manipulation of teats
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/2931Diverse fluid containing pressure systems
    • Y10T137/3003Fluid separating traps or vents
    • Y10T137/3102With liquid emptying means
    • Y10T137/3105Self-emptying
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/2931Diverse fluid containing pressure systems
    • Y10T137/3109Liquid filling by evacuating container
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T137/00Fluid handling
    • Y10T137/7722Line condition change responsive valves
    • Y10T137/7837Direct response valves [i.e., check valve type]
    • Y10T137/7869Biased open
    • Y10T137/7871Weight biased
    • Y10T137/7873Ball valves

Description

Feb. 7, 1950 ogsbom 2,496,470

VACUUM TANK DRAIN VALVE Filed March 20, 1948 Patented Feb. 7, 1950 UNITED STATES PATENT ()FFICE Floyd G'.-Hodsdon, Milwaukee, Wis., assignor to International Harvester Company, a. corporation of NewJersey Application March 20, 1948, Serial No. 16,002

3 Claims. (01. 1-37-21) This invention relates to a drain valvefor a vacuum tank, and more particularly to a ball type drain valve automatically operable by a source of vacuum. Specifically, this invention relates to a ball valve for a vacuum'tank of a type used with a milking machine vacuumtankorpipe line installation.

In vacuum tanks and especially those of the type used with milker installations, it is extremely desirable to drain out liquids that have 001- lected-in the tank during its use. These liquids may result due to. condensation or as in the case of a milker installation, droplets ofthe milk may eventually be drawn into the tank; Various manually operable drain valves have been provided for this purpose, but thesehave proved undesirable since the operator must in each case rememher to open or close the valve'after each op'era tion. It is a prime object therefore to provide an improved automatic drainvalve for draining liquids from a vacuum tank or system;

Another object is to provide an inexpensive drain valve construction-that will operate automatically and positively to sala' vacuum tank or vacuum line installation during use.

A still further object is to provide a ball type drain valve for a vacuum tank, said valve being automatically operable to seal the tank when the same has a vacuum depression therein and automatically operable to open when the tank is no longer in use, thereby permitting the drainage of liquids that have collected within the tank.

These and other objects will become more readlly apparent upon a reading of the specification when examined in conjunction with the drawing.

In the drawing:

Fig. 1 is an elevational view partially in section of a vacuum tank showing the automatic drain valve.

Fig. 2 is a detail view looking upwardly along the line 2-2 of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is a sectional view through the valve along the line 3-3 of Fig. 2.

A vacuum tank is generally designated by the reference character I0. The vacuum tank comprises a cylindrical wall II which has its upper end closed by means of an upper wall l2. A lower or bottom wall l3 encloses the lower end of the cylindrical wall H, thereby providing a vacuum chamber l4. A conduit I5 is in communication with the vacuum chamber and is in turn connected to a vacuum pump (not shown). A conduit I5 is also in communication with the vacuum chamber l4 and this conduit leads to a milk- 2 ing machine or milker line installation (not shown). i

The lower wall l3'is provided with'a centrally locateddrain opening it. Positioned'beneath the drain-opening I6 is a drain valve generally designated by the reference character H. The drain valve l1 consists of a U-shaped bracket 18 having a horizontal portion IS. The horizontal portion l9 includes a centrally located aperture 20 which is in vertical alignment with the drain opening H5. The LJ-shap'e'd bracket it also includes a pair of spaced vertically extending members 2| which are provided at their upper ends with outwardly extending portions 22; The portions 22 ma be suitably fastened 'to thelower wall l3 by means of welding, soldering, or other fastening methods.

A ball valve 23, as best shown in Fig. 3, is seated-in the opening o aperture 2E! immediately adjacent to and below the drain opening l6. During use the chamber i4 is undera vacuum de-' pressionand the ball 23=is thereupon forced upwardly,due to vacuum, and thereupon seats over thedrain opening l6; thereby sealing the same. Since the chamberld'isz under a-contin'uous vacuum, the opening it is therefore continuously sealed. When the vacuum tank is no longer in use, the vacuum within the tank is destroyed and the chamber may be open to the atmosphere. When this occurs, the ball valve 23 promptly drops down under the action of gravity into the opening 20. The drain opening I6 is now open and any liquids that may have gathered during the operation of the tank will now be free to drain outwardly through the drain opening Hi. When the tank is ready for use again, a vacuum is provided in the chamber I l and the valve 23 thereupon promptly again seats over the drain opening I6 by the velocity of inlet air that lifts the rubber ball to its seat.

As best shown in Fig. 3, the ball 23 is of a substantially larger diameter than the vertical distance between the lower wall l3 and the horizontal portion [9. In view of this diiierence in dimension, it can readily be seen that the ball valve 23 during use will remain supported by the bracket l1 and thus cannot be displaced therefrom. The valve may be made of rubber sufficiently resilient to permit the same to be manually pressed between the bracket and the tank for replacement purposes. Thus the continued positive functioning of the valve is assured, since in the non-operating position it is at all times restiIlg within the aperture 26 of the horizontal portion IS. The ball valve and bracket construction can be utilized in any system where a vac- 3 iium chamber is present, such as in a tank or pipe line installation.

It can now be seen that a positive, inexpensive, and simple automatic drain valve has been provided for draining the vacuum tank after the tank has served its purpose. The action of the ball valve is completely automatic and does not require the attention of an operator.

It is to be understood that changes and modifications may be made in this construction which do not necessarily depart from the spirit of the invention as disclosed nor the scope thereof as defined in the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. A vacuum tank comprising a sealed vacuum chamber; a vacuum conduit in communication with the chamber; a lower wall having a drain opening; means for sealing said drain opening; said means including a bracket connected to the lower wall below said chamber; said bracket including a portion having an opening therein, said opening being in vertical alignment with the drain opening; a rubber-like ball valve seated in the opening of said portion; said ball valve being of larger diameter than the vertical spacing between said portion and said lower wall; said ball valve being adapted to be held upwardly in sealing relation against said drain opening by the vacuum within said chamber, and releasable therefrom upon the destruction of the vacuum within the chamber whereby liquids within said chamber are free to drain through said drain opening.

2. In a vacuum system having a vacuum chamber, said vacuum chamber including a bottom wall having a drain opening therein, a drain valve for said drain opening, said valve including a substantially U-shaped bracket permanently secured to the bottom wall and having a portion vertically spaced from said drain opening, a resilient ball valve supported by the U-shaped bracket and adapted to be drawn against the drain opening in sealing relation when a vacuum exists within the chamber, said bracket portion tom wall having a drain opening therein, a drain valve for said drain opening, said valve including a substantially U-shaped bracket having a portion vertically spaced from said bottom wall, a resilient ball valve supported by the vertically spaced portion and adapted to be drawn against the drain opening in sealing relation when a vacuum exists within the chamber, said wall portion having a depression in axial alignment with the drain opening for receiving the ball upon the release of vacuum within the chamber whereby liquids are free to drain from the chamber, said ball valve being of larger diameter than the vertical spacing between said wall and the vertically spaced portion and resilient whereby the ball may readily be resiliently flattened so that the same may be removed and inserted between said wall and said portion for insertion and removal from said bracket.

FLOYD G. HODSDON.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,109,740 Dehn Sept. 8, 1914 1,139,647 Dehn May 18, 1915 1,147,702 Bower July 27, 1915 1,218,482 Schlag Mar. 6, 1917 1,854,306 Hapgood Apr. 19, 1932 2,451,075 De Carli Oct. 12, 1948

US2496470A 1948-03-20 1948-03-20 Vacuum tank drain valve Expired - Lifetime US2496470A (en)

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US2496470A US2496470A (en) 1948-03-20 1948-03-20 Vacuum tank drain valve

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2496470A US2496470A (en) 1948-03-20 1948-03-20 Vacuum tank drain valve

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US2496470A true US2496470A (en) 1950-02-07

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2853094A (en) * 1955-04-15 1958-09-23 Westinghouse Electric Corp Vacuum seal-off and safety valve
US2927597A (en) * 1955-10-14 1960-03-08 American Fire Apparatus Compan Priming device for pumps
US3117553A (en) * 1959-02-19 1964-01-14 Babson Bros Co Electronically controlled milking installation
US3310061A (en) * 1965-03-26 1967-03-21 Lloyd F Bender Milk line equipment
US3799186A (en) * 1972-12-26 1974-03-26 Case Co J I Drain tube valve
US3968812A (en) * 1971-10-12 1976-07-13 Instrumentation Industries, Inc. Apparatus for removal of condensed moisture from respiratory tubes
US6009898A (en) * 1998-09-17 2000-01-04 Donaldson Company, Inc. Valve assembly for preventing liquid ingestion and methods

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1109740A (en) * 1912-11-25 1914-09-08 George J Dehn Combined floor-drain and hopper.
US1139647A (en) * 1910-03-28 1915-05-18 George J Dehn Drain.
US1147702A (en) * 1913-09-27 1915-07-27 George P Bower High-water trap.
US1218482A (en) * 1916-11-14 1917-03-06 Oscar W Schlag Drain and trap.
US1854306A (en) * 1928-08-07 1932-04-19 Laval Separator Co De Milking machine
US2451075A (en) * 1943-06-28 1948-10-12 Carli John J De Milk receiver for automatic milking systems

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1139647A (en) * 1910-03-28 1915-05-18 George J Dehn Drain.
US1109740A (en) * 1912-11-25 1914-09-08 George J Dehn Combined floor-drain and hopper.
US1147702A (en) * 1913-09-27 1915-07-27 George P Bower High-water trap.
US1218482A (en) * 1916-11-14 1917-03-06 Oscar W Schlag Drain and trap.
US1854306A (en) * 1928-08-07 1932-04-19 Laval Separator Co De Milking machine
US2451075A (en) * 1943-06-28 1948-10-12 Carli John J De Milk receiver for automatic milking systems

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2853094A (en) * 1955-04-15 1958-09-23 Westinghouse Electric Corp Vacuum seal-off and safety valve
US2927597A (en) * 1955-10-14 1960-03-08 American Fire Apparatus Compan Priming device for pumps
US3117553A (en) * 1959-02-19 1964-01-14 Babson Bros Co Electronically controlled milking installation
US3310061A (en) * 1965-03-26 1967-03-21 Lloyd F Bender Milk line equipment
US3968812A (en) * 1971-10-12 1976-07-13 Instrumentation Industries, Inc. Apparatus for removal of condensed moisture from respiratory tubes
US3799186A (en) * 1972-12-26 1974-03-26 Case Co J I Drain tube valve
US6009898A (en) * 1998-09-17 2000-01-04 Donaldson Company, Inc. Valve assembly for preventing liquid ingestion and methods
US6209559B1 (en) 1998-09-17 2001-04-03 Donaldson Company, Inc. Valve assembly for preventing liquid ingestion and methods
US6213146B1 (en) 1998-09-17 2001-04-10 Donaldson Company, Inc. Valve assembly for preventing liquid ingestion and methods

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