US2490013A - Electrical switch - Google Patents

Electrical switch Download PDF

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Publication number
US2490013A
US2490013A US580951A US58095145A US2490013A US 2490013 A US2490013 A US 2490013A US 580951 A US580951 A US 580951A US 58095145 A US58095145 A US 58095145A US 2490013 A US2490013 A US 2490013A
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Prior art keywords
pole
armature
switch
spring
palette
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US580951A
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Syivanus W Bramley
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Syivanus W Bramley
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H5/00Snap-action arrangements, i.e. in which during a single opening operation or a single closing operation energy is first stored and then released to produce or assist the contact movement
    • H01H5/04Energy stored by deformation of elastic members
    • H01H5/06Energy stored by deformation of elastic members by compression or extension of coil springs

Description

Dec. 6, 1949 s. w. BRAMLEY ELECTRICAL SWITCH 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Filed March 5, 1945 5 1 W 1 7 060815; 76.1772 67 W ATTOREZY 6, 1949 55. w. BRAMLEY ELECTRICAL svincn 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed March 5, 1945 INVENTOR ylvamzs BCBI'QITZZG} I (/5 I 4 ATTORNE 5S 5 m T v GQEsvvvvQ 5am O Patented Dec. 6, 1949 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE ELECTRICAL swrrcn Sylvanus w. Bramley, White Plains, N. Y.
Application March 5, 1945, Serial No. 580,951
4 Claims. 1
This invention relates to electrical switch mechanism and application of that mechanism to various specific uses thereof.
In switching mechanism particularly of the spring actuated type, difllculty has been experienced in making positive contacts free from vibration or chatter-ing."
It is an object of the invention to provide a contact free from these dimculties.
It is a further object of the invention to provide certain specific structures embodying and applying the generic principle of the invention.
The invention will be further described and illustrated by reference to the accompanying drawings in which Fig. l is a partly diagrammatic view of an electromagnetic clock mechanism; 4
Fig. 2 shows a plan view of a make and break mechanism intended as part of an ignition system for an internal combustion engine;
Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the device shown in Fig. 2;
Figs. 4 and 5sh0w diagrammatic analyses of a generic movement common to the devices of Figs. 1 to 3, inclusive.
In Fig. 1, an electromagnet l0 having pole pieces H' and I 2 is mounted on a metallic plate I3. An armature I4 is rotatably mounted on a shaft 15 carried by clock mechanism and structure not specifically shown because it may be conventional. The axis of rotation of armature and shaft passes through the midpoint of the electromagnet Ill and at right angles to the longitudinal axis thereof so that during rotation of the armature, the end pieces 24, thereof sweep over the pole pieces I2, I I of the magnet in spaced relation thereto. Rotation of the armature l4 in the direction of arrow A caused by the pull of the magnet biases and stores energy in a spring 23 which causes rotation of the armature in the direction of arrow B when the magnet is deenergized by the opening of the circuit. Rotation of the armature It in the latter direction imparts movement to .the ratchet wheel I3 by means of pawls l9 and 20 mounted on pins 2|, 22. The wheel [8 is mounted on shaft l5 and rotates independently of the armature. Movement of the wheel imparts motion to a train of clock mechanism which may be conventional and is therefore not shown. One end of spring 23 is joined to the armature H at point It and the other end may be anchored to the body of the clock mechanism at any suitable point indicated by IT.
At a position intermediate between the axis of the armature and one of the end pieces, the arma- 2 ture carries on one side thereof a lug 26, to which is secured apin 21 on which is pivotally mounted a. spring-actuated switch pole in the form of a strip or palette 28 having upstanding wings or cars 29, 30 which have circular openings 3|, 32
through which the pin 21 passes. Bushings 35, 36 are provided to properly position the palette 28. A coil spring 31 is mounted on the pin 21 between the ears 29, 30. One end of the spring is anchored to the armature by passing through the hole 38 therein. A portion of the palette or contact strip 28 is formed into a hook 39. The other end of the spring 31 passes under this hook 39 and is bent upwardly to form an arm 40. The palette may be a thin strip of magnetic steel, to the under side of which is secured a diagonally positioned bar 4| preferably made of pure silver or other highly conductive and inert metal. The palette 28 may also be a strip of soft iron joined to a resilient strip of brass, bronze or steel.
To the plate I3 is joined a strip 42 by means of rivets 43, 44. A portion of this plate is turned transversely to the surface of the plate to form a detent 41 for the spring arm 40, this detent having an inclined edge 48. Another part of the strip is bent to form the hook-shaped stop and guide 49.
Rearwardly of the detent arm, an inclined guide 50 is provided which may be a part of the strip 42 secured to plate l3 by the same rivet M which aids in securing the strip 42 to said plate. The
inclined guide 50 is spaced from the detent ll.
The fixed switch pole 54 preferably made of pure silver or other highly conductive and inert metal is brazed or otherwise suitably secured to bracket 55 mounted on plate l3 and insulated therefrom by means of insulation 53, the bracket and insulation being secured to the plate by a rivet 51. I
In the electrical circuit, shown diagrammatically in part, the coils of the magnet l0, bracket 55, fixed switch pole 54, bar ll (joined to the palette 28) palette 28 and plate l3 are connected in series, when the switch is closed, with a source of current such as battery 6|. The plate l3 and battery 6| may be grounded as shown; The bar 4| and palette 28 secured thereto are in electrical connection with the plate l3 (and grounded) through the body of the mechanism.
Insulation pieces 62, 63 are inserted between the pole pieces [2, II and the magnet coils and a soft iron shoe piece 65 extends from the pole piece l2 to cooperate magnetically with the palette.
The drawing shows the armature in one position of its limited movement with the switch separation of the switch poles.
,ing through holes in the wings.
3 poles 28 and 54 separated, i. e., with the switch in open position and the spring 23 fully tensioned. The armature I4 is then biased for rotation in the clockwise direction as indicated by arrow B and the energy thus available applies rotative force to the ratchet wheel l8 through pawls I9, to operate theclock mechanism. Rotation of the armature causes rotation ofthe pin 21 in the same direction (arrow B) and tensions the spring 31 because the arm to is confined by the detent 41. As the pin 21'continues to rotate, the arm 40 is finally dragged past the edge 48 of the detent 41. By this time the palette 28 has reached a position where the leading edge 83 is at a point about opposite the edge of the pole piec'e l2. The energy stored in the spring 81 then snaps the palette 28 into switchclosing position with the diagonal bar 4| in contact with the bar 54. The armature is then at its second position of limited movement and in contact with any suitable stop member (the inclined member 50 may serve this purpose) and the spring 23 is -at a condition of minimum tension. Contact of the bars 4|, 54 closes the electrical circuit and the energized magnet then immediately pulls the armature into the position shown in the drawings, i. e., the armatureis rotated in the direc-' tion of arrow A. During this movement a maintaining pawl (not specifically shown) prevents rotation of wheel l8 in the direction of arrow A.
During this movement (in the direction of arrow A) the palette 28 and attached bar 4| are held in firm electrical contact with the bar or fixed switch pole 54 by the tension on the coil spring 31 and the electro-magnetic attraction between the palette 28 and the extension piece or shoe 65, and the bar 4| is wiped diagonally across the bar 54.
Near the end of this movement the rotation of the armature (arrow A) drags the bar 4| away from the bar 54 and opens the switch by separating said bars or contacts.
At the. same time, the arm 40 moves along the inclined edge 48 of the detent 41 and is finally secured in the position shown in the drawings, thereby raising the pivoted switch pole compr sing the palette and bar 4| and effecting a positive The armature I4 is then free to rotate in the direction of arrow B under the urge or bias of the spring 23.
Referring to Figs. 2 and 3, a pivoted spring actuated switch pole comprising the strip or palette 28 is pivotally mounted on pin 21 by means of wings 29, 3!! and bushing 35, the pin 21 pass- A coil spring 31 is mounted on pin 21 between the wings 29, 30. One end of the spring is anchored to the lever 1| by passing through hole 38 therein. portion of the strip or palette 28 is formed into a hook 39. The other end of the spring 31 passes under this hook 38 and is-bent upwardly to form an arm 40. The palette may be a thin strip of magnetic steel, to the under side of which is secured a diagonally positioned bar 4| of pure silver or other highly conductive and inert metal.
Pin 21 is mounted near one end of lever 1| pivotally mounted to oscillate or swing about pivot 12 mounted on plate 13 which may form part of a housing 14 (shown diagrammatically in Fig. 2 with the cover removed). Lever 1| carries a slot 15 in which cam 16 mounted on shaft 11 rotates. Shaft 11 also carries cam ,18. Stops 19, 88 serve to limitthe movement of the pivoted switch pole.
The fixed switch pole comprises bracket 55 mounted on plate 13 (which in this case is made of insulating material) by means of rivet 51. To the bracket 55, which may be made of brass, bronze or the like (as in Fig. 1), there is brazed or otherwise suitably secured a bar 54 made of pure silver or other conductive and inert material.
Shaft 11 is rotated by conventional motor means and a. continuation of said shaft carries a conventional rotor for distribution of current to the cylinders of an internal combustion engine. The electrical circuit includes, in series, the fixed switch pole (including bracket 55 and bar 54), the pivoted spring actuated pole (including palette 28), the lever 1| (which is metallic), the pivot 12 and leads 8|, 82. The circuit also includes an induction coil or transformer and a source of current such as a battery. The parts not shown in the drawing are, or may be, conventional.
With the parts as shown in Figs. 2 and 3, the free end of the pivoted palette 28 projects some distance beyond the fixed terminal or contact 54, 55 and the spring 31 has been tensioned by action of the cam 18' on arm 40. As the cam 18 rotates further in the direction of arrow B, the arm 40 is released and the pivoted switch pole is snapped into switch closing position, with bar 4|, in contact with bar 54. Cam 16 then swings lever 1| about pivot 12 and wipes the bar 4| (attached to palette 28) across the bar 54. When movement of the lever 1| has dragged the free end of palette 28 just beyond the fixed switch pole, cam 18 has rotatedthrough an angle of about 360 degrees and has again engaged the arm 40, tensioned spring 31, and caused opening of the switch by separating the fixed and pivoted switch poles. Synchronized with this movement, the lever has swung in the direction of arrow A and has moved the parts back into the position shown in Fig. 2. 7
Referring to Figs. 4 and 5 the member is pivoted on pivot 1 and swings from one position of limited movement to another between stops 6 and 8. The member carries a pin 2 about which is wound a coil spring 2A, one end of which is anchored to at point 23 with the other end spring 2A normally biasing the pivoted switch" secured to a switch pole 3 pivoted on pin 2, the
pole into contact with fixed switch pole 5. The pivoted swtich pole 3 extends over and beyond the fixed switch pole 5 in the position shown in Fig. 4. Element 4 is any means of biasing the. member 3 away from pole 5 (member 3, being I normally biased toward 5) and releasingit in timed relation to the movement of member I so that the pole 3 is snappedinto contact with 5 and wipes it during movement of member 9 and ID are movement limiting stops.
The embodiment of the generic principles, illustrated in Figs. 4 and 5, in the specifically different structures shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 3 is indicated as follows: In Fig, 1, the pivoted member I is embodied in the armature l4 and lug 26. The fixed switch pole 5 is embodied in the bar 54. The pivot 1 is embodied in the shaft l5. The spring actuated switch pole 3 is embodied in the palette 28. The means 4 for biasing the pole 3 away from pole 5 is embodied in the detent 41.
In Figs. 2 and 3, the pivoted member (of Figs. 4 and 5) is embodied in lever 1|. Fixed switch pole 5 (of Figs. 4 and 5) is embodied in the bar 54, of Figs. 2 and 3. The pivot 1 of Figs. 4 and 5 is embodied in pivot 12 of Figs. 2 and 3. The spring-actuated switch pole 3 (of Figs. 4
and '5) is embodied in the palette 28 of Figs. 2 and 3. The means 4 of Figs. 4 and bodied in the cam 18 of Figs. 2 and 3.
What is claimed is:
1. Electric switch mechanism comprising a fixed switch contact pole, an armature member adapted to swing from one-position of limited movement to another position of limited movement about an-armature pivot spaced from said pole and toward and away from said fixed pole during said movement; a spring-actuated switch contact pole pivoted on said armature member to swing about a pivot spaced from the armature pivot and normally biased toward and into engagement with" said fixed pole and having a wiping contact portion extending beyond said fixed pole in one position of limited movement of said armature, and a detent cooperating with said limited movement to another about a pivot spaced from said pole, and toward and away from said fixed pole during said movement of said armature; a spring-actuated switch contact pole pivoted on said armature member to swing about a pivot spaced from said armature pivot and normally biased toward and into engagement with said fixed pole, and having a wipingcontact portion extending beyond said fixed pole in one position of limited movement of said armature, and a detent cooperating with said armature and springmctuated switch pole to bias the spring-*actuated pole away from the fixed pole and then release said spring-actuated pole, whereby the spring-actuated pole is snapped into contact with the fixed pole and is maintained 5 is em-- r 6 mediate between the armature pivot and one of the end pieces of the armature, said pin extending transversely of the body portion of said armature and being spaced from the armature pivot, a switch contact pole pivotally mounted on said pin and a coil spring also mounted on. said pin and normally biasing said pivoted switch pole toward and into engagement with said fixed switch pole, said coil spring having an extended portion constituting an arm, said pivoted switch ole having a wiping contact portion extending beyond said fixed switch pole in one position of limited movement of said armature; and a detent mounted separately from said armature and magnet and .co-operating with the arm on the coil spring to bias the spring-actuated pole away from the fixed switch pole and then releasing said spring-actuated'pole whereby the latter is snapped into contact with the said fixed switch pole and is maintainedin wiping contact with the latter during a portion of the movement of the armature from one position of limited movement to the other.
4. Electric switch mechanism comprising a fixed switch contact pole, a swingable member adapted to swing from one position of limited movement to another position of limited movement about a first pivot spaced from said fixed contact pole and toward and away from said fixed pole, whereby the said spring-actuated pole is snapped into contact with the fixed contact pole and is maintained in wiping contact with the lat ter during a portion of the movement of the said in wiping contact with the latter during a portion of the movement of the armature from one position of limited movement to another.
3. In electromagnetic clock mechanism, switch mechanism comprising a fixed switch contact pole, an electromagnet having pole pieces at opposite ends of said magnet and an armature having an elongated body portion and and pieces extending laterally therefrom and arranged to Number sweep over said magnet pole pieces in spaced relation thereto, said armature being mounted to.
swing from one position of limited movement to another about a pivot spaced from said fixed switch pole, and toward and away from said fixed pole during said movement of said armature; a pin mounted on said armature body portion interswingable' member from one position of limited movement thereof to another.
SYLVANU S W. 'BRAMLEY. aaFsRENoEs crrnn The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Name Date 673,480 'Bellner May 7, 1901 874,941 Collins Dec. 31, 1907 961,242 Larsen June 14, 1910 1,758,749 Knight a May 18, 1930 1,763,118 White June 10, 1930 1,855,804 Lucas Apr. 26, 1932 2,856,838 Ebert Aug. 29, 1944
US580951A 1945-03-05 1945-03-05 Electrical switch Expired - Lifetime US2490013A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2699478A (en) * 1951-03-16 1955-01-11 Us Instr Corp Electric relay
US2945932A (en) * 1957-04-26 1960-07-19 Otto R Nemeth Electromagnetic timing device
US3087077A (en) * 1960-07-05 1963-04-23 Richard H Hall Stepping motor
US3253101A (en) * 1962-05-29 1966-05-24 Hartford Machine Screw Co Electromagnetic pulsing device

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US673480A (en) * 1897-04-03 1901-05-07 Leopold Sellner Apparatus for signaling by night.
US874941A (en) * 1907-03-13 1907-12-31 Collins Electric Clock Company Electric clock.
US961242A (en) * 1909-01-25 1910-06-14 Louis Larsen Electric switch.
US1758749A (en) * 1926-04-02 1930-05-13 George W Knight Voltage cut-out device
US1763116A (en) * 1928-03-24 1930-06-10 Westinghouse Electric & Mfg Co Magnetic contactor
US1855804A (en) * 1928-11-08 1932-04-26 Otis Elevator Co Electromagnetic switch
US2356836A (en) * 1942-09-12 1944-08-29 Allied Control Co Equalized double contact arm

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US673480A (en) * 1897-04-03 1901-05-07 Leopold Sellner Apparatus for signaling by night.
US874941A (en) * 1907-03-13 1907-12-31 Collins Electric Clock Company Electric clock.
US961242A (en) * 1909-01-25 1910-06-14 Louis Larsen Electric switch.
US1758749A (en) * 1926-04-02 1930-05-13 George W Knight Voltage cut-out device
US1763116A (en) * 1928-03-24 1930-06-10 Westinghouse Electric & Mfg Co Magnetic contactor
US1855804A (en) * 1928-11-08 1932-04-26 Otis Elevator Co Electromagnetic switch
US2356836A (en) * 1942-09-12 1944-08-29 Allied Control Co Equalized double contact arm

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2699478A (en) * 1951-03-16 1955-01-11 Us Instr Corp Electric relay
US2945932A (en) * 1957-04-26 1960-07-19 Otto R Nemeth Electromagnetic timing device
US3087077A (en) * 1960-07-05 1963-04-23 Richard H Hall Stepping motor
US3253101A (en) * 1962-05-29 1966-05-24 Hartford Machine Screw Co Electromagnetic pulsing device

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