US2485021A - Tuning device for wind musical instruments - Google Patents

Tuning device for wind musical instruments Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2485021A
US2485021A US666312A US66631246A US2485021A US 2485021 A US2485021 A US 2485021A US 666312 A US666312 A US 666312A US 66631246 A US66631246 A US 66631246A US 2485021 A US2485021 A US 2485021A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
tuning
instrument
slide
musical instruments
enlargement
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US666312A
Inventor
Cecil H Strupe
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
H N WHITE Co
Original Assignee
H N WHITE Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by H N WHITE Co filed Critical H N WHITE Co
Priority to US666312A priority Critical patent/US2485021A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2485021A publication Critical patent/US2485021A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G10MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACOUSTICS
    • G10DSTRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; ACCORDIONS OR CONCERTINAS; PERCUSSION MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; AEOLIAN HARPS; SINGING-FLAME MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS; MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G10D9/00Details of, or accessories for, wind musical instruments
    • G10D9/01Tuning devices

Description

Oct. 18, 1949. c. H. STRUPE TUNING DEVICE FOR WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS Filed May 1, 1946 INVENT R: Cscu. H. STR PE.

ATTORNEY.

Patented Oct. 18, 1 949 TUNING DEVICE FOR WIND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS Cecil H. Strupe, Cleveland Heights, Ohio, assignor to The H. N. White Company, Cleveland, Ohio,

a corporation of Ohio Application May 1, 1946, Serial No. 666,312

This invention relates, as indicated, to a tuning device for wind musical instruments.

A primary object of the invention is to provide a tuning device of the character described, the threaded portions of which are preserved against corrosion, caused by saliva, throughout the life or use of the instrument.

Another object of the invention is to provide a tuning device of the character described, having sealing means so located as to preclude any moisture which enters the joint between parts of the tuning device from gaining access to the threaded portions or adjusting nut of the device.

A further object of the invention is to provide a tuning device of the character described, which has the joints between various parts thereof so located as to improve the tonal qualities of the instrument.

A still further object of the invention is to provide a tuning device of the character described, having pilot means of novel construction, designed to take side thrust between the parts of the device to preclude breakage of the seal between said parts.

Other objects and advantages will be apparent during the course of the following description.

In the accompanying drawings, forming a part of this specification, and in which like numerals are employed to designate like parts throughout the same,

Fig. 1 is a fragmentary side elevational view of a wind instrument embodying the novel tuning device;

Fig. 2 is an exploded view of the elements or parts constituting the tuning device;

Fig. 3 is an enlarged view, partly in elevation and partly in section, of the tuning device;

Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view, taken on the line 44 of Fig. 3, and

Fig, 5 is a cross-sectional view, taken on the line 5 -,5 of Fig. 3. 7

Referring more particularly to the drawings, the tuning device will be seen to comprise a tubular member I having a central passageway 2, one end of which is counterbored, as at 3, for the reception of the mouthpiece portion 4 of the body of a wind musical instrument, in this instance, a clarinet. The portion 4 of the instrument is soldered or otherwise secured within the aforesaid counterbore 3 of the member I.

The tubular member I is provided with an annular recess 5, within which is disposed a tubular sleeve 6 of cork or the like, the outer diameter of which is slightly greater than the outer diameter of the member I. The member I is also provided with an annular embossment or enlargement I adjacent the counterbored end thereof, which is provided with right hand screw threads 8, the enlargement I being interrupted at diametrically-opposite points to provide lon- 1 Claim. (Cl. 84386) gitudinally-extending slots 9 and I0. The member I is also oounterbored, as at II, to provide a shoulder or abutment I2, the function of which will hereinafter appear.

The tuning device also includes a tubular slide I3, which has a slide fit over the cork sleeve 6, and is provided adjacent one end with an annular enlargement I4, similar to the enlargement I of the member I, and provided with left hand screw threads I5. The slide it is also provided with diametrically-opposite guide bars or prongs I6 and H, which project from the slide adjacent the threaded enlargement I4, and are adapted for sliding movement in the slots 9 and I0, so as to guide the slide I3 rectilinearly and prevent rota tion of the slide relatively to the member I during the adjustment of the slide relatively to the member I, which will be presently described.

A mouthpiece cup or socket element I8 is also provided, which is adapted for the reception of a reed mouthpiece of conventional design or construction. The cup I8 has an annular extension I9 which extends into that end of the slide I3 which is opposite the threaded end, and is soldered or otherwise permanently secured to the slide. The cup It has a second annular extension 20 of the same internal diameter as the extension I9, but of somewhat smaller outside diameter than the extension I9, so as to leave an annular space 2! between the extension 20 and the inner wall of the slide I3, for the reception of that end of the member I which has the counterbore II therein.

The tuning device further includes a nut 22 which encircles portions of the member I and slide I3, and is provided on its inner surface with a series of right hand threads 23 which engage the right hand threads 8 of the member I, and with a series of left hand threads 24 which engage the left hand threads I5 of the slide I3. The nut is also provided with an annular extension 25, which encircles the portion of the member I which extends beyond the threaded enlargement 'I. To facilitate rotation of the nut 22, during use of the tuning device, the outer surface of the nut is knurled as at 26.

The operation or use of the aforesaid tuning device will be readily apparent from the aforesaid description, but may be briefly described as follows:

Rotation of the nut 22 in one direction will cause the slide I3 to move away from the member I, thereby increasing the length and volume of the air column of the instrument. Rotation of the nut in the opposite direction will cause the slide I3 to move towards the member I, thereby decreasing the length and volume of the air column of the instrument. In either event, the tone of the instrument is varied in a desired manner. 7 g g m was During the aforesaid movement or adjustment, the guide bars or prongs IE and I! are, as previously stated, effective to guide the slide I3 rectilinearly and to prevent rotation of the slide relatively to the member I.

In order to prevent jamming between the enlargement I of the member I and the enlargement M of the slide I3, to thereby insure that the nut 22 can at all times be freely rotated, the relative dimensions of the slide I3 and annular extension 20 of the cup I8 are such that the end of the extension 20 will abut the shoulder or abutment I2 of the counterbore II before the end of the enlargement I4 of the slide can abut the enlargement I of the member I.

The annular extension 25 of the nut serves to conceal as well as to protect the threads 8 of the member I as well as the prongs I6 and I1. These threads and prongs, moreover, are protected from corrosion, due to saliva, by virtue of the fact that access to these threads by saliva can be had only through the joint between the member I and the slide I3, and even if saliva should enter such joint, it could not pass through the seal provided by the cork sleeve 6. In like manner, corrosion of the threads I5, as well as of the threads of the nut 22, is effectively prevented.

The specific location of the cork seal, as well as the specific location of the joint between the member I and slide I3, also result in an appreciable improvement in the tonal qualities of the instrument.

The combination of the inner surface of the outer end of the member I and the annular extension 20 of the cup I8 provides a pilot or guide which not only facilitates assembly of the slide with the member I, but is effective to take any side thrust of the slide relatively to the member I during assembly of the parts or use of the instrument. This avoids breaking the seal provided by the cork sleeve, which might otherwise cause looseness at these points.

It is thus seen that I have provided, in a reed musical instrument, a thread-controlled tuning barrel for lengthening and shortening the bore length of the instrument to change the pitch of the instrument, and that I have also provided means for limiting the bore gap which is created inside the instrument (which is the gap between the shoulder I2 and the end of the annular extension 20) to a position or location which, in this case, is at a maximum of about from the end of the body assembly, thereby improving the tone quality of the instrument.

It is also seen that I have provided, in a reed musical instrument, a thread-controlled tuning barrel for lengthening and shortening the bore of the instrument for changing the pitch of the instrument, means for sealing the bore of the instrument from the threaded portions of the instrument, thereby maintaining improved tone quality and preventing moisture and saliva from corroding said threaded portions.

Finally, it is seen that I have provided, in a reed musical instrument, a thread-controlled tuning barrel for lengthening and shortening the bore of the instrument, a seal between the bore of the instrument and the threaded portions thereof, along with means for piloting the mouthpiece receiver portion of the barrel in the body assembly of the instrument, thereby protecting the seal from becoming loosened or broken due to side thrusts on the tuning barrel.

It is to be understood that the form of my 'invention, herein described, is to be taken as a preferred example of the same, and that various changes may be resorted to without departing from the spirit of my invention, or the scope of the subjoined claim.

Having thus described my invention, I claim:

In a tuning device of the character described, a tubular member having a counterbored end portion, a second tubular member slidable relative to said first member, a mouthpiece cup secured to said second member and having an annular extension concentric with and spaced radially inwardly from the inner wall of said second tubular member, said counterbored end of said first member having a slide fit in the space between said inner wall and said extension.

CECIL H. STRUPE.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,194,887 Solberg Aug. 15, 1916 1,374,758 Nenneker Apr. 12, 1921 1,416,898 Sinclair May 23, 1922 1,705,634 Bettoney Mar. 19, 1929 1,736,880 Gulick Nov. 26, 1929 1,821,655 Loomis Sept. 1, 1931 1,837,227 Loomis -1 Dec. 22, 1931 1,867,481 Todt July 12, 1932 2,036,356 Pedler Apr. 7, 1936 2,098,457 Loomis Nov. 9, 1937 2,138,500 Miessner Nov. 29, 1938

US666312A 1946-05-01 1946-05-01 Tuning device for wind musical instruments Expired - Lifetime US2485021A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US666312A US2485021A (en) 1946-05-01 1946-05-01 Tuning device for wind musical instruments

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US666312A US2485021A (en) 1946-05-01 1946-05-01 Tuning device for wind musical instruments

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2485021A true US2485021A (en) 1949-10-18

Family

ID=24673676

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US666312A Expired - Lifetime US2485021A (en) 1946-05-01 1946-05-01 Tuning device for wind musical instruments

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2485021A (en)

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5249499A (en) * 1991-03-18 1993-10-05 Bradley Goldstein Adjustable tuning barrel
US5291817A (en) * 1993-01-12 1994-03-08 Mobile Music, Inc. Adjustable barrel tuning apparatus for use with a woodwind musical instrument
US5959226A (en) * 1998-09-22 1999-09-28 Wygent; Mark A. Bagpipe reed
US7115804B1 (en) 2005-11-09 2006-10-03 Kyle Campbell Adjustable chanter for bagpipes
US20090114077A1 (en) * 2007-11-05 2009-05-07 Ching-Shyan Yen Wind instrument provided with a resonating buffer
US20110146473A1 (en) * 2008-05-06 2011-06-23 Henry Paulus Tunable clarinet barrel
US9418634B1 (en) * 2015-03-05 2016-08-16 John P. Brebner O-ring tuning system for wind instruments
US10249270B2 (en) * 2016-11-18 2019-04-02 International Business Machines Corporation Method and system for compromise tuning of musical instruments

Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1194887A (en) * 1916-08-15 Clarinet tuning-slide
US1374758A (en) * 1920-10-11 1921-04-12 George F Nenneker Tuning attachment for wind musical instruments
US1416898A (en) * 1921-07-05 1922-05-23 Alfred J Sinclair Clarinet barrel
US1705634A (en) * 1927-01-31 1929-03-19 Bettoney Harry Clarinet
US1726880A (en) * 1927-03-04 1929-09-03 Union Special Machine Co Needle-thread-controlling mechanism for sewing machines
US1821655A (en) * 1930-05-17 1931-09-01 Conn Ltd C G Tuning device for wind musical instruments
US1837227A (en) * 1930-05-17 1931-12-22 Conn Ltd C G Tuning device for musical instruments
US1867481A (en) * 1931-05-11 1932-07-12 Edward B Todt Wind musical instrument
US2036356A (en) * 1934-06-11 1936-04-07 Harry Pedler & Co Inc Tuning joint for musical instruments
US2098457A (en) * 1936-08-15 1937-11-09 Conn Ltd C G Musical instrument
US2138500A (en) * 1936-10-28 1938-11-29 Miessner Inventions Inc Apparatus for the production of music

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1194887A (en) * 1916-08-15 Clarinet tuning-slide
US1374758A (en) * 1920-10-11 1921-04-12 George F Nenneker Tuning attachment for wind musical instruments
US1416898A (en) * 1921-07-05 1922-05-23 Alfred J Sinclair Clarinet barrel
US1705634A (en) * 1927-01-31 1929-03-19 Bettoney Harry Clarinet
US1726880A (en) * 1927-03-04 1929-09-03 Union Special Machine Co Needle-thread-controlling mechanism for sewing machines
US1821655A (en) * 1930-05-17 1931-09-01 Conn Ltd C G Tuning device for wind musical instruments
US1837227A (en) * 1930-05-17 1931-12-22 Conn Ltd C G Tuning device for musical instruments
US1867481A (en) * 1931-05-11 1932-07-12 Edward B Todt Wind musical instrument
US2036356A (en) * 1934-06-11 1936-04-07 Harry Pedler & Co Inc Tuning joint for musical instruments
US2098457A (en) * 1936-08-15 1937-11-09 Conn Ltd C G Musical instrument
US2138500A (en) * 1936-10-28 1938-11-29 Miessner Inventions Inc Apparatus for the production of music

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5249499A (en) * 1991-03-18 1993-10-05 Bradley Goldstein Adjustable tuning barrel
US5291817A (en) * 1993-01-12 1994-03-08 Mobile Music, Inc. Adjustable barrel tuning apparatus for use with a woodwind musical instrument
US5959226A (en) * 1998-09-22 1999-09-28 Wygent; Mark A. Bagpipe reed
US7115804B1 (en) 2005-11-09 2006-10-03 Kyle Campbell Adjustable chanter for bagpipes
US20090114077A1 (en) * 2007-11-05 2009-05-07 Ching-Shyan Yen Wind instrument provided with a resonating buffer
US20110146473A1 (en) * 2008-05-06 2011-06-23 Henry Paulus Tunable clarinet barrel
JP2011520143A (en) * 2008-05-06 2011-07-14 シュウラー,マティアスSCHULER,Matthias Adjustable clarinet barrel
US8183449B2 (en) * 2008-05-06 2012-05-22 Henry Paulus Tunable clarinet barrel
US9418634B1 (en) * 2015-03-05 2016-08-16 John P. Brebner O-ring tuning system for wind instruments
US10249270B2 (en) * 2016-11-18 2019-04-02 International Business Machines Corporation Method and system for compromise tuning of musical instruments

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US4938314A (en) Plastic oil pan
KR830003941A (en) Ultrasonic liquid nebulizer with liquid supply passage extending axially
KR920018406A (en) Piezo Mechanism of Gas Lighter
KR900007385A (en) Enossal implant with elastic intermediate element and metal spacer sleeve
KR970706465A (en) Dual containment fitting
ES2193037T3 (en) Clamping element with primary and secondary threads.
KR890013337A (en) Fuel injection valve
ES2088319T3 (en) Screw to fix an intramedular nail.
KR900014733A (en) Electronic fuel injection valve
DE3936703A1 (en) Bone screw
US4576501A (en) Telescoping rod clamp
US2708449A (en) Valve escutcheon tube
BR9903010A (en) Tube coupling device
ES194670A1 (en) MECHANISM valve
US2583291A (en) Valve structure
TW347458B (en) Tube fitting
US2336107A (en) Mounting for telescope sights for guns
DE3103994A1 (en) Pushbutton device
BR9810024A (en) Compression mechanism suitable for use as a valve or as part of a pump
GB1348952A (en) Connecting and support element for medullated bone fractures
KR950002808A (en) Aluminum baseball bats
FR2360019A1 (en) Coupling transmission screw and nut Ball
KR840008485A (en) Valve
KR960702067A (en) Expanding plug
US2367196A (en) Locking device for telescoping members