US2469444A - Magnetic sound recording and reproducing transducer - Google Patents

Magnetic sound recording and reproducing transducer Download PDF

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US2469444A
US2469444A US591071A US59107145A US2469444A US 2469444 A US2469444 A US 2469444A US 591071 A US591071 A US 591071A US 59107145 A US59107145 A US 59107145A US 2469444 A US2469444 A US 2469444A
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magnetic
transducer
wire
record
sound recording
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US591071A
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Henry E Roys
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RCA Corp
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RCA Corp
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B5/00Recording by magnetisation or demagnetisation of a record carrier; Reproducing by magnetic means; Record carriers therefor
    • G11B5/127Structure or manufacture of heads, e.g. inductive

Description

I H. MAGNETIC SOUND RECORDING AND May 10, 1949. E. ROYS REPHODUCING TRANSDUCER Filed April 50, 1945 INVENTOR. Hawk x 5. Rays BY C9 47' rails 5y Patented May 10, 1949 MAGNETIC SOUND RECORDING AND REPRODUCING TRANSDUCER Henry E. Boys, Indianapolis, Ind., assignor to Radio Corporation of America, a corporation of Belaware Application April 30, 1945, Serial 'No. 591,071
1 Claim.
My present invention relates to magnetic sound recording and reproducing apparatus and has special reference to the provision of improvements in magneticall actuated transducers or sound-heads for use in connection With Wire and tape records.
The sound-heads employed in present day magnetic phonographs usually comprise an E and I, C and I or other transformer having a bi-part or tri-part solid or laminated iron core which, by reason of its ponderous construction, is peculiarly susceptible to stray magnetic fields such as may emanate from the driving motor or other nearby electrical installation. As is well known, the presence of a stray magnetic field adjacent to the recording or pick-up point gives rise to hum and other spurious sound effects. Since it is not always possible to obviate the presence of such disturbing fields by shielding their source, resort has heretofore been had to the use of compensating or hum-bucking coils, similar to those shown in Evershed et a1. U. S. P. 1,333,298, Sinnett et a1. 2,105,167, and Camras et al. 2,351,008. Irrespective of the advantages claimed for such. hum neutralizing systems it may be said generally that they complicate the construction and add to the cost of the phonograph, recorder, or other unit in which they are incorporated.
Accordingly, the principal object of my invention is to provide an improved magnetic soundtranslating device which shall be substantially immune to stray fields of any ordinar intensity. and one which operates successfully without the use of buckin coils or other auxiliary hum-neutralizing or hum-shielding means.
Another and important object of my invention is to provide a highly efficient magnetic transducer and one which, by reason of the simplicity and economy of its parts, lends itself readily for use in a record cartridge or other unit wherein compactness and low cost are prime desiderata.
My invention is predicated upon m belief that the tendency of a magnetic sound head-to pick up stray flux is a function not only of its mass but also of the continuity of the flux path therein and I have discovered that the spacing and relative arrangement of the ends or pole pieces of the magnetic core of the transducer is an important factor in hum neutralization. More particularly, I have discovered that the tendency of the transducer to be influenced by stray flux is minimized when the core and its pole pi ces are of a novel unitary construction (later described) and the width of the non-magnetic gap across which the wire or other recording medium travels is made small as compared with the distance the wire travels in the time consumed by a single cycle of the sound-representing signals.
Certain preferred details of construction, to-. gether with other objects and advantages will be apparent and my invention itself will be best understood upon reference to the following specification and to the accompanying drawing wherein:
Fig. l is a partly diagrammatic view of a magnetic phonograph incorporating a transducer, sound head or pick-up constructed in accord-v ance with the principle of my invention,
Fig. 2 is a side elevational view of the magnetic transducer of Fig. 1,
Fig. 3 shows the distribution and polarity of the flux in a portion of the wire record of Fig. 1,
Fig. 3a is a curve illustrative of the fluxetime phenomena with which my invention is concerned,
Fig. 4 is an end View of a record cartridge hav: ing two sound heads incorporated therein,
Fig. 5 is an enlarged sectional view of one of the sound heads of Fig. 4, and
Fig. 6 is a sectional view taken on the line VIVI of Fig. 5.
As shown in the drawing the magnetic trans.- ducer of my invention may comprise a thin ribbon l constituted of steel or other paramagnetic metal, say 0.3 of an inch long, and bent in the form of a loop with its opposite ends turned outwardly to form a pair of spaced apart parallel pole pieces 3 and 5 which extend in a direction normal to the path of the recording medium II. The circular bend or loop of the strip I comprises a support for a magnetic coil 1 which may comprise say 250 turns of No. 43 gauge (0.0022" diameter, bare) enameled copper wire. The pole pieces 3 and 5 extend outwardly from the perimeter of the loop about 0.020 of an inch and are preferably cut away as shown at 9, Figs. 2 and 5, to define a pair of retaining slots or grooves for guiding the wire or other magnetic record ll across the intervening gap 4 in a direction normal to the direction of extension of the pole pieces. The storage and take-up reels l3 and 15 between which the record I l runs, may be mounted for rotation on different axes :r, y, as shown in Fig. l, or they may rotate about a common axis a as later described in connection with Fig. 4.
As indicated by the dotted lines and n (north) and 5 (south) symbols in Fig. 3, when the Wire or other record H is in its normal running position within the slots 9 the magnetic circuit of the transducer is completely closed. Hence when the record H is travelling across the gap 4 during the recording and reproducing intervals leakage flux is minimized. By leakage flux I mean the flux which is set up by the wire due to its magnetization, or because of the recording on it, linking only part of the turns on the circular portion of the loop 5. By making the loop very small most of the flux picked up at the pole pieces 3 and 5 passes through the entire core instead of through only a small portion of it.
In an embodiment of the invention wherein the diameter of the loop 1 was approximately 0.075 of an inch and the width of the gap 4 was of the order of 0.0025 of an inch excellent results were achieved in recording and reproducing frequencies of up to 12,000 cycles per second when the linear speed of the wire I l was approximately five feet per second. At a wire speed of two and one-half feet per second satisfactory results were achieved with frequencies up to 6000 cycles.
As indicated by the curve of Fig. 3a the gap in the transducer, as above described, corresponds in dimension to a half Wavelength of 12,000 cycles at a wire speed of five feet per second and these conditions (i. e. gap dimensions and wire speed) determine the cut-off point in the frequency range. Thus, if frequencies above 12,000 per second are to be recorded the width of the gap could be made even smaller. A gap width of 0.0025 of an inch, however, has been found to be satisfactory for nearly all frequencies. Thus, in recording speech (where it is usually unnecessary to allow for frequencies beyond, say, three thousand cycles) it is preferable to slow down the wire speed rather than to increase the width of the gap.
As shown more clearly in Fig. 6, the spacing between the parallel pole pieces 3 and 5 may be established by a wafer constituted of brass or other non-magnetic material of the desired thickness, and this spacing maintained as by forcing the pole pieces, with the spacer 4 in position between them, into a slot provided for the purpose in a non-magnetic cup or similar housing If. If desired, the pole piece assembly, 3, t, 5 may be soldered in place in the said slot. Since the housing l? of the transducer unit may be very small it may conveniently be mounted in an insulating guide block ii of a record-cartridge 25 (Fig. 4). In fact, as shown in Fig. 4 and as described in copending application Serial No. 584,197 to Terry M. Shrader, filed March 22, 1945, the small size of the transducer unit permits the use of two of them, in a single plural-wire cartridge. In this case the reel assembly within the cartridge includes a storage groove and a take-up groove for each of the two wires H and II. These duplicate units ll and I? are selectively energized so that one of the records (say, the wire ll) may be silently rewound from its take-up groove d onto its storage groove 0 while the other record H is running over its energized transducer unit ll between the storage groove a and the take-up groove 1).
As previously indicated, the extremely small size of the transducer of my invention eliminates the necessity of an auxiliary hum-bucking or hum-neutralizing system. Thus it will be apparent that irrespective of the direction of any stray field the transducer can pick-up or cut very few disturbing lines of force. Furthermore, if the direction of the said lines of force is parallel to the direction of thepole pieces 3 and 5 they are effectively balanced out by the opposite halves of the coil 7.
It is thus apparent that my invention provides an improved magnetic transducer and one which lends itself readily for use in or in connection with a record cartridge or other unit wherein compactness and low cost are prime desiderata.
I claim as my invention:
A transducer unit for magnetic-wire records said unit comprising a cup-shape receptacle constituted of non-magnetic material and provided with a slot across which said record is adapted to travel, a core constituted of a ribbon of magnetic material mounted within said cup and bent in the form of a loop with the terminals of the ribbon bent outwardly and seated in said slot with the ends thereof adjacent to the path of said record, a non-magnetic element mounted Within said slot between said terminals for maintaining said terminals in spaced relation, and a coil wound upon the loop portion of said ribbon within said receptacle.
HENRY E. BOYS.
REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 2,277,305 Clopton Mar. 24, 1942 2,351,003 Camras June 13, 1944 2,351,007 Camras June 13, 1944 2,351,011 Camras June 13, 1944
US591071A 1945-04-30 1945-04-30 Magnetic sound recording and reproducing transducer Expired - Lifetime US2469444A (en)

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Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2591070A (en) * 1947-04-17 1952-04-01 Indiana Steel Products Co Combined magnetic transducer head and output transformer
US2615097A (en) * 1949-01-12 1952-10-21 Armour Res Found Device for increasing the effectiveness of the transducing field of a magnetic head
US2628286A (en) * 1950-03-24 1953-02-10 Rca Corp Magnetic head construction
US2647167A (en) * 1950-03-21 1953-07-28 Rca Corp Magnetic transducer construction
US2650952A (en) * 1949-04-13 1953-09-01 Shure Bros Recording and reproducing head
US2653189A (en) * 1948-02-12 1953-09-22 Armour Res Found Electromagnetic transducer head
US2655561A (en) * 1948-08-09 1953-10-13 Lawrence H Connell Apparatus for magnetic recording
US2660622A (en) * 1949-09-27 1953-11-24 Engineering Res Associates Inc Magnetic telegraphophone transducer
US2662120A (en) * 1950-02-18 1953-12-08 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Magnetic head
US2668878A (en) * 1950-07-29 1954-02-09 Webster Electric Co Inc Transducer
US2693508A (en) * 1948-11-13 1954-11-02 Gen Electric Magnetic recording, reproducing or erasing head
US2725430A (en) * 1953-02-06 1955-11-29 Gen Dynamics Corp Magnetic recording head
US2744165A (en) * 1950-05-29 1956-05-01 Shure Bros Head construction for magnetic recorders and reproducers
US2763729A (en) * 1950-11-03 1956-09-18 Armour Res Found Core structure for magnetic transducer head
US2769866A (en) * 1951-06-08 1956-11-06 Clevite Corp Magnetic transducer head
US2786895A (en) * 1951-12-07 1957-03-26 Rca Corp Film synchronizing marker and system
US2855466A (en) * 1955-03-03 1958-10-07 Armour Res Found Magnetic transducer head
US2868889A (en) * 1953-02-24 1959-01-13 John J Kelly Electromagnetic head structure
US2870266A (en) * 1952-11-11 1959-01-20 Philips Corp Annular magnet head of the kind comprising a solid core for magnetic recording and reproduction
DE1056848B (en) * 1956-11-20 1959-05-06 Grundig Max Recording and / or playback magnetic head for magnetic recorders and process for its manufacture
US2895015A (en) * 1953-09-17 1959-07-14 Rca Corp Magnetic record transducer
US2939920A (en) * 1953-12-28 1960-06-07 Stifterverband Fur Die Deutsch Magnetic heads for recording and reproducing signals
US3000078A (en) * 1956-06-04 1961-09-19 Bendix Corp Method of making magnetic transducer heads
US3004325A (en) * 1952-10-21 1961-10-17 Clevite Corp Method of making a magnetic head for recording reproducing
US3284579A (en) * 1958-01-15 1966-11-08 Dirks Gerhard Magnetic recording and reading head mounting assembly

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2277305A (en) * 1941-04-18 1942-03-24 Clopton Alexander Browning Recording and reproducing device
US2351003A (en) * 1940-09-11 1944-06-13 Armour Res Found Recording and reproducing of vibrations
US2351011A (en) * 1943-02-25 1944-06-13 Armour Res Found Method of and means for energizing magnetic recorder heads
US2351007A (en) * 1942-08-10 1944-06-13 Armour Res Found Magnetic recording head

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2351003A (en) * 1940-09-11 1944-06-13 Armour Res Found Recording and reproducing of vibrations
US2277305A (en) * 1941-04-18 1942-03-24 Clopton Alexander Browning Recording and reproducing device
US2351007A (en) * 1942-08-10 1944-06-13 Armour Res Found Magnetic recording head
US2351011A (en) * 1943-02-25 1944-06-13 Armour Res Found Method of and means for energizing magnetic recorder heads

Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2591070A (en) * 1947-04-17 1952-04-01 Indiana Steel Products Co Combined magnetic transducer head and output transformer
US2653189A (en) * 1948-02-12 1953-09-22 Armour Res Found Electromagnetic transducer head
US2655561A (en) * 1948-08-09 1953-10-13 Lawrence H Connell Apparatus for magnetic recording
US2693508A (en) * 1948-11-13 1954-11-02 Gen Electric Magnetic recording, reproducing or erasing head
US2615097A (en) * 1949-01-12 1952-10-21 Armour Res Found Device for increasing the effectiveness of the transducing field of a magnetic head
US2650952A (en) * 1949-04-13 1953-09-01 Shure Bros Recording and reproducing head
US2660622A (en) * 1949-09-27 1953-11-24 Engineering Res Associates Inc Magnetic telegraphophone transducer
US2662120A (en) * 1950-02-18 1953-12-08 Bell Telephone Labor Inc Magnetic head
US2647167A (en) * 1950-03-21 1953-07-28 Rca Corp Magnetic transducer construction
US2628286A (en) * 1950-03-24 1953-02-10 Rca Corp Magnetic head construction
US2744165A (en) * 1950-05-29 1956-05-01 Shure Bros Head construction for magnetic recorders and reproducers
US2668878A (en) * 1950-07-29 1954-02-09 Webster Electric Co Inc Transducer
US2763729A (en) * 1950-11-03 1956-09-18 Armour Res Found Core structure for magnetic transducer head
US2769866A (en) * 1951-06-08 1956-11-06 Clevite Corp Magnetic transducer head
US2786895A (en) * 1951-12-07 1957-03-26 Rca Corp Film synchronizing marker and system
US3004325A (en) * 1952-10-21 1961-10-17 Clevite Corp Method of making a magnetic head for recording reproducing
US2870266A (en) * 1952-11-11 1959-01-20 Philips Corp Annular magnet head of the kind comprising a solid core for magnetic recording and reproduction
US2725430A (en) * 1953-02-06 1955-11-29 Gen Dynamics Corp Magnetic recording head
US2868889A (en) * 1953-02-24 1959-01-13 John J Kelly Electromagnetic head structure
US2895015A (en) * 1953-09-17 1959-07-14 Rca Corp Magnetic record transducer
US2939920A (en) * 1953-12-28 1960-06-07 Stifterverband Fur Die Deutsch Magnetic heads for recording and reproducing signals
US2855466A (en) * 1955-03-03 1958-10-07 Armour Res Found Magnetic transducer head
US3000078A (en) * 1956-06-04 1961-09-19 Bendix Corp Method of making magnetic transducer heads
DE1056848B (en) * 1956-11-20 1959-05-06 Grundig Max Recording and / or playback magnetic head for magnetic recorders and process for its manufacture
US3284579A (en) * 1958-01-15 1966-11-08 Dirks Gerhard Magnetic recording and reading head mounting assembly

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