US2468479A - Dental appliance - Google Patents

Dental appliance Download PDF

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Publication number
US2468479A
US2468479A US556792A US55679244A US2468479A US 2468479 A US2468479 A US 2468479A US 556792 A US556792 A US 556792A US 55679244 A US55679244 A US 55679244A US 2468479 A US2468479 A US 2468479A
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Prior art keywords
sprue
wax
wire
investment
tubular members
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US556792A
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Barishman Harry
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Barishman Harry
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61CDENTISTRY; APPARATUS OR METHODS FOR ORAL OR DENTAL HYGIENE
    • A61C13/00Dental prostheses; Making same
    • A61C13/0003Making bridge-work, inlays, implants or the like

Description

April 9- H. BARlsHMAN 2,468,479

DENTAL APPLIANCE Filed Oct. 2, 194-4 i a INVENTOR. i Earns/707a 1-0 y I m 4 TTOIQ/VEY Patented Apr. 26, 1949 UNITED STATES 1 Claim. 1

This invention relates generally to the art of forming dental castings. More particularly my invention is concerned with an improved construction of a sprue appliance to facilitate the forming of dental castings.

The followin procedure is generally followed by dentists in forming dental castings. Wax is first pressed into the cavity of a designated tooth so as to secure a pattern thereof. A sprue device is then forced slightly into the wax a sufiicient distance to permit the removal of the wax from the cavity of the tooth and the carrying of said wax pattern by the sprue device. The wax pattern with the sprue device in then placed within an investment cup and investment material poured into the cup to cover the wax pattern and a portion of the sprue device to which it is slightly attached. When the investment material has hardened, imprisoning the wax therein, the sprue device is removed. This leaves an opening in the hardened investment material corresponding to the shape of that portion of the sprue device which was embedded therein, and forms a passageway communicating with the Wax pattern and the outer top surface of said investment material. The investment is then subjected to heat sufiicient to melt the wax pattern which may be emptied from the mold through the above mentioned passageway. Molten gold or other metal is then introduced into the mold in any desirable manner to form a casting of the wax pattern.

One of the objects of my invention is to provide a novel and highly improved sprue device which shall be so constructed that it may be satisfactorily employed for all sizes of wax patterns.

Another object of my invention is to provide a novel and highly improved sprue device which shall be so constructed that it may be readily removed from the hardened investment material.

Still another object of my invention is to provide a sprue device having means for firmly holding the wax pattern to facilitate its removal from the tooth and which shall represent a general improvement in the art.

Other objects of my invention will in part be obvious and in part hereinafter pointed out in the description read in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which:

Fig. 1 is an elevation view of a dental sprue device constructed and arranged in accordance with my invention;

Figs. 2, 3, 4 and 5 are sectional views illustrating the use and function of my sprue device; and

Figs. 6 and 7 are elevational views, similar to Fig. 1, but illustrating modified forms of my invention.

Referring now in detail to the drawings, I have illustrated in Fig. 1 a dental sprue device of the class described, constructed and arranged in accordance with my invention and comprising a wire it which is preferabl relatively thin and of a malleable material so that it may be easily manually flexed or bent as desired. Mounted on the said Wire it] are a pair of tubular members l2 and M of relatively rigid material which would normally resist manual bending. It is noted that these rigid tubular members l2 and 14 cover practically the entire length of the wire 58 with the exception of a central portion l5 and portions l6 adjacent oppostie ends of said wire it). In view of the fact that the wire it is flexible, it may be bent at the portion l5 substantially in half to form an inverted U-shaped or V-shaped device, in which shape it is ready for use. It is noted that the ends I 6 are enlarged to hold the tubular members I 2 and M captive on the wire In and flattened into trapezoidal shape, the purpose of which will soon be set forth.

I will now describe the use of my invention in accordance with the procedure in forming dental castings outlined above.

In Fig. 2 I have shown a tooth T, having a quantity of wax pressed thereagainst to form a wax pattern P. The sprue device of my invention is then slightly forced into the wax pattern P, so that the ends it are embedded in the wax. The trapezoidal shape of the said ends it will firmly retain the wax pattern P in firm attachment to the sprue device. It is noted that the legs of the said sprue device have been spread apart slightly more than that shown in Fig. 1. It is thus seen that the device can be readily made to accommodate diiferent sizes of wax patterns by simply spreading apart the legs of the sprue device, such as for example, to the dot and dash line position l2 and 14' or closely brought together to the full line position. This novel construction eliminates the necessity of the dentist having a supply of many sizes of sprues for wax patterns of difierent sizes. In Fig. 3 I have shown the wax pattern P removed from the tooth T and while still attached to the sprue device, disposed in an investment cup 30 filled with investment material 40.

In view of the fact that the legs of the sprue device are spread apart, the said sprue device could not easily be removed from the hardened investment material without damaging the same. Therefore, in accordance with my invention I have made the wire H] of such material that it may be easily cut by a scissors or other similar suitable available cutting instrument. In Fig. 4, I have illustrated the Wire portion 15 as cut so that each leg of the sprue device may be easily removed separately.

In Fig. 5, I have shown how the mold appears after the sprue device has been severed and removed. The customary dental molding procedure may then be-carried on.

In Fig. 6 I have shown a modified construction for my sprue device in which instead of the tubular members I2 and i4, I make my wire 49 relatively thick and turn down a portion 41 at the center thereof to be relatively thin and manually easily bendable so that the same maybe used in the same manner as the sprue shown. in Fig. 1 of the drawings, Portions 42' adjacent the free ends of the wire 40 are turned down and flattened to serve a similar function to the ends In Fig. 7 I have shown my sprue deviceconstructed from a. relatively thick bar or wire 58, with thetcentral portion 5| made thinv and flexible and the ends..52 flattened. However, in this form of my invention my sprue. device may be made by stamping so thatlnstead of turningthe parts 5 land 52 down, they are fiattenedand the excess materialtrimmed away.

It will. thus. besseen .that there is provided a device in whichthe, several :objects of this invention are. achieved, andv which. is Well .adapted to,.meet the conditions of practical. use.

..As various possible embodiments might be made of. the above invention. andas various changes might bemade in. the embodiments above set, forth, it is to be .understood that allmatter herein .set. forth or shown in. the accompanying drawing is to: beinterpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.

f Having describedmy, inventiomwhat .I claim and, desire to secure. byiLetters-Patent is:

A sprue for dental casting comprising a inverted substantially V-shaped relatively thin wire member of bendable material having a pair of legs terminating in free edges and an interconnecting portion and tubular sleeve members on said legs, said tubular members being of such size and so disposed as to leave portions of the wire adjacent the ends thereof freely projecting beyond said tubular members as well as to leave uncovered said interconnectingportion between said tubular members; said tubular members being of relatively rigid construction so as i to. resist bending whereby the said legs may be readily manually spread apart to fit varying sizes of wax patterns, the said end portions of said Wiremember which project freely beyond said tubular members being deformed to provide a gripping area for holding the wax pattern, the

" Width of said deformed portions being no greater than the outside diameter of said tubular members, whereby when thesprue is severed. between said tubular'members, eachalegithereof. maybe easily withdrawn.

. HARRY. BARISHMAN.

, REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record; inzthe, file of this'patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS

US556792A 1944-10-02 1944-10-02 Dental appliance Expired - Lifetime US2468479A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3340923A (en) * 1964-05-20 1967-09-12 James W Benfield Sprue pin and reservoir combination
US4673023A (en) * 1984-12-14 1987-06-16 Outboard Marine Corporation Multipart lost foam pattern and method of making same

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US828625A (en) * 1904-12-02 1906-08-14 Kay Totten & Winter Tongs.
US936539A (en) * 1907-10-25 1909-10-12 Alexander Jameson Dental apparatus.
US983579A (en) * 1907-01-12 1911-02-07 William H Taggart Method for making dental inlay-fillings and the like.
US1552574A (en) * 1924-03-11 1925-09-08 Alvin F Sebert Sprue pin for dental castings
US1595338A (en) * 1925-06-08 1926-08-10 Brazda Ctimir Silas Dental casting device
DE496620C (en) * 1927-04-05 1930-04-23 Jakob Steiger Heft nail clip
US1894151A (en) * 1932-08-09 1933-01-10 John P Bell Sprue wire
US2011818A (en) * 1933-07-21 1935-08-20 William G Maison Sprue former

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US828625A (en) * 1904-12-02 1906-08-14 Kay Totten & Winter Tongs.
US983579A (en) * 1907-01-12 1911-02-07 William H Taggart Method for making dental inlay-fillings and the like.
US936539A (en) * 1907-10-25 1909-10-12 Alexander Jameson Dental apparatus.
US1552574A (en) * 1924-03-11 1925-09-08 Alvin F Sebert Sprue pin for dental castings
US1595338A (en) * 1925-06-08 1926-08-10 Brazda Ctimir Silas Dental casting device
DE496620C (en) * 1927-04-05 1930-04-23 Jakob Steiger Heft nail clip
US1894151A (en) * 1932-08-09 1933-01-10 John P Bell Sprue wire
US2011818A (en) * 1933-07-21 1935-08-20 William G Maison Sprue former

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3340923A (en) * 1964-05-20 1967-09-12 James W Benfield Sprue pin and reservoir combination
US4673023A (en) * 1984-12-14 1987-06-16 Outboard Marine Corporation Multipart lost foam pattern and method of making same

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