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US2465152A - Folding rapid spinner wrench - Google Patents

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Publication number
US2465152A
US2465152A US62713745A US2465152A US 2465152 A US2465152 A US 2465152A US 62713745 A US62713745 A US 62713745A US 2465152 A US2465152 A US 2465152A
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Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
end
ball
shank
handle
lever
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Ernest W Ellison
Original Assignee
Ernest W Ellison
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25GHANDLES FOR HAND IMPLEMENTS
    • B25G1/00Handle constructions
    • B25G1/005Handle constructions for screwdrivers, wrenches or spanners with additional levers, e.g. for increasing torque
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25GHANDLES FOR HAND IMPLEMENTS
    • B25G1/00Handle constructions
    • B25G1/04Handle constructions telescopic; extensible; sectional
    • B25G1/043Handle constructions telescopic; extensible; sectional for screwdrivers, wrenches or spanners
    • B25G1/046Handle constructions telescopic; extensible; sectional for screwdrivers, wrenches or spanners with free-turning section at end of handle remote from tool

Description

Nimh 22, 1949. E. w, E'LLISON 2,465,152

FOLDING RAPIDv SPINNER WRENCH Filed Nov. 7, 1945 Patented Mar. a, 1949 UNITED-STATES PATENT. OFFICE Ernest W. Ellison, Caldwell, Idaho Application November 7, 1945, No. 627,137

This invention relates to animproved wrench, and one of its objects is to provide a. wrench with lever handle bars which can befolded against the shank of the wrench. 4

Another object ofthe invention is the provision of a wrench with a shank having a ball bearing hand grip sleeve, and lever handles extending, away from the shank,` lso that the shank canbe rapidly rotated or spun about the work, 'and a nut or bolt rapidly secured in position, or rapidly released.

A still further object of the invention is the provision of a wrench with a shank having bifurcated bearings on the opposite side thereof, a leverrhandle arm pivoted to 'each bearing, and spring pressedmeans for locking each lever arm either in'extended handle position, or in folded position against the side of the shank.

With the abovev and other objects in view the invention comprises certain new and useful constructions, combinations and arrangements of parts, clearly described in the following specification, and fully illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which:

Fig. 1 is a side elevation, showing certain parts in section. A

Fig. 2 is a bottom plan view.

Fig. 3 is a detail perspective view, broken away,

of the inner portion of one of the lever handle arms.

Referring to the accompanying drawings, which illustrate the practical embodiment of the invention, 5 designates the main central shank, which is formed on its lower end with a Wrench or polygonal end bit 6, having a spring pressed clutch ball 1, and constructed to engage ansocket bolt or screw or a socket nut. This lower end is also formed with an integral stop collar 8.

The shank 5' is also formed with a slightly enlarged cylindrical. section 9, which is shown to be externally knurled. Above the knurled section 9 integral bearing lugs -I0 and Il are formed on oppositesides thereof and in the same transverse plane. Each lug is bifurcated.

A lever handle bar I2 is provided with a flat end tenon I3, which is disposed between the spaced sides of the bifurcated bearing lug III, and is held in place by means of the pivot pin I4. The body of the lever handle bar I2 is formed round, and the outer end of the same is formed with an integral end ball I5, while the sides of the end tenon I3 are formed parallel `so as to have a full bearing between the sides of the' bifurcated lug I0.

A second lever handle bar I6 is provided,

which 1 claim.y (ci. isi-177') is a duplicate of thelever handle bar I2, and is formedwith a terminal ball II on its outer end and a at tenon I8 on its inner end, which is pivoted between the sides of the bifurcated lug II by the pivot pin I9. v

, T he tenon` I3 is formed with a curved outer edge face I3a, which is radial to the pivot pin thereof, and this edge is formed with an end ball recess I3b, and with side ball recesses I3c and I3d. The tenon -I8 is -similarly constructed, being provided with the end ball recess I8a, the side ball recesses I 8b and I8c, and the radial edge I8d. The bifurcated bearing lug I0 is also formed with a concave face 10a, which is radial to the pivot pin of the lever handle bar I2, and the bearing lug II is formed with a concave'face Ila,

which is radial to the pivot pin of the lever handle bar I6.

The shank 5 -is provided with a transverse hole v 25 in which the expansion coil spring 2I'is disposed, and one end of this spring engages the small clutch ball 22, which is adapted to snap into any one of the ball recesses of the tenon I3, and the other end 'of ythis spring engages the clutch ball 23, which is adapted' to snap into any one of the ball-recesses of the tenon I8.

Above the bearing lugs I0 and II alsecond knurled section 22' is provided, and above this knurled section a smooth cylindrical section 25 is provided, on which the hand grip sleeve 2B is mounted to freely turn. This sleeve is retained in place by means ofthe keeper ring 21, which engages the external groove 28 of the section 25, and the internal groove 29 of the lower end of the sleeve 26. The sleeve turns freely on the ball bearings 30, located above the keeper ring 21, and upon the ball bearings 3l, located near the upper end of the sleeve. A single end thrust ball 32 is provided between the end Wall 33 of the sleeve 26 and the upper end of the cylindrical section 25 of the shank 5, so that maximum freej dom of turning of the sleeveon the shank 5, or of the shank in the sleeve, when the latter is rmly gripped, will be obtained.

When it is desired to tighten or loosen-a screw or Ibolt, or a socket cap nut, the lever handle bars are extended to rightv angular handle posi.- tions, and the tool is rapidly spun by applying manual pressure to one of the bars, while the wrench bit is held downwardly by manual -presobtained by each of the lever handle bars, a tight screw or-nut may be quickly and safely loosened, or a free screw or nut quickly coupled in place, and then' tightened home, -by a nal manual effort applied on one or both of the lever handle bars.

It is understood that various changes may be made in the construction of the parts, their arrangement and combination, within the scope of the invention, as defined by the claim hereof.

Having described the invention, I claim as new:

A hand operated tool comprising a shank having a bit on one end thereof to engage a screw, at least two fixed bearing lugs on opposite sides of said shank lnterrnediate its ends, each bearing lug having parallel bifurcations forming a mortise, a lever handle bar with an outer Iball terminal and having a ten-on pivoted to each bearing lug and having parallel sides positioned between said parallei bifurcations, each said tenon having an end ball recess and side ball recesses therewith vincluding a radial to its pivot center, a bore extending through said shank on an axis lying between said bifurcations and intersecting the pivotal axis of each handle bar, a spring pressed clutchball within said bore engaging each tenori and 4 adapted to snap into any ball recess aligned therewith, and a hand grip sleeve mounted to turn on the shank and provided with ball engagement sole top thrust bearing. ERNEST W. ELLISON.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are' of record in th le of this patent: 1 UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,004,496 Suster Sept, 26, 1911 1,175,902 Peterson Mar. 14, 1916 15 1,388,928' Bullard Aug. 30, 1921 1,530,905 Nance Mar. 24, 1925 1,578,114 Fegley Mar. 23, 1926 1,638,252 Fitzgerald Aug. 9, 1927 1,643,814 Peterson Sept. 27, 1927 20 1,710,198 Torgerson Apr. 23, 1929 2,294,510 Nakano Sept. 1, 1942 FOREIGN PATENTSA Number Countr'y Date 25 257,869 Italy Mar. 22, 1928 693,157 France Aug. 18, 1930

US2465152A 1945-11-07 1945-11-07 Folding rapid spinner wrench Expired - Lifetime US2465152A (en)

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Cited By (42)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2564204A (en) * 1949-02-15 1951-08-14 George J Houston Stationary grip attachment for spinning socket wrenches
US2726695A (en) * 1951-06-22 1955-12-13 Malm Henry Multiple collapsible screw driver
US2738694A (en) * 1953-03-17 1956-03-20 Boatright Algie Folding lug wrench
DE1063539B (en) * 1955-03-30 1959-08-13 Wolff Robert Radmutterschluessel with a serving as a mounting tool for lifting and guiding of a vehicle wheel to or from the wheel axle handle portion
US3307437A (en) * 1965-04-08 1967-03-07 Sontag Harcourt Removable swivel head for tool handles
US3383962A (en) * 1966-06-27 1968-05-21 New Britain Machine Co Ratchet-wrench construction
US3849881A (en) * 1973-06-22 1974-11-26 Imp Eastman Corp Tool construction
US4417611A (en) * 1982-02-26 1983-11-29 Kim Jung S Screwdriver
US4455020A (en) * 1981-03-09 1984-06-19 Josef Schnell Rotatable handhold for athletic equipment especially for barbells
US4702131A (en) * 1985-06-24 1987-10-27 Harold Snow Hand driven precision tapping system
US5367732A (en) * 1992-12-07 1994-11-29 Tire Shuttle, Inc. Tire handling tool
EP0686461A1 (en) * 1994-06-08 1995-12-13 Cooper Industries Inc. Rotary hand tool
US5481947A (en) * 1994-04-26 1996-01-09 Banns; Stoke T lever adapter for a ratchet wrench
US5797300A (en) * 1996-07-22 1998-08-25 Fairbanks; Jeffery N. Collapsible ratcheting socket wrench
US5855150A (en) * 1996-11-06 1999-01-05 Otero; Armando Tubular tool for removing, installing and storing of auto lug nuts
US6343532B1 (en) * 2001-07-12 2002-02-05 Patrick C. Lucy Cross-bar socket wrench
US6662688B1 (en) 2002-10-07 2003-12-16 Hornet Tool Company Lug wrench
US20040231471A1 (en) * 2003-05-19 2004-11-25 Janis Rottkamp Enhanced driver for screws and the like/leverage driver
US20050252348A1 (en) * 2004-05-17 2005-11-17 Ting Lin Y Hand tool having adjustable assistant bar
US20060016298A1 (en) * 2004-07-20 2006-01-26 Chang Hsueh C Hand tool for detaching rim from a vehicle
GB2395153B (en) * 2002-11-18 2006-02-22 Chih-Ching Hsieh Hand tool handle with rotary cap
US7243577B1 (en) * 2006-02-21 2007-07-17 Morris Wayne L Lug wrench having ratchet assembly in the socket head
US20090183607A1 (en) * 2008-01-17 2009-07-23 Wagic, Inc., A California Corporation Tool holder
US20110000025A1 (en) * 2008-01-17 2011-01-06 Wagic, Inc. Biaxial foldout tool with multiple tools on a side and a rotational stop
US20110000024A1 (en) * 2008-01-17 2011-01-06 Wagic, Inc. Radial foldout tool with multiple types of tools and bit storage
US20110079113A1 (en) * 2009-10-05 2011-04-07 Wagic, Inc. Dual purpose flip-out and t handle
US20110079115A1 (en) * 2009-10-05 2011-04-07 Wagic, Inc. Handled ratcheting tool with a flip out handle
US7942082B1 (en) 2010-11-15 2011-05-17 Jones James M Crankable hand wrench
USD677552S1 (en) 2008-01-17 2013-03-12 Wagic, Inc. Radial foldout tool with multiple types of tools and bit storage
US8539864B1 (en) * 2010-08-25 2013-09-24 Justin A. Kennedy Dual-handled drive wrench
US20140033881A1 (en) * 2011-02-22 2014-02-06 Dahon Technologies, Ltd. Spanner Tool
US8757033B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2014-06-24 Wagic, Inc. Universal ratcheting tool
USD708036S1 (en) 2008-01-17 2014-07-01 Wagic, Inc. Biaxial foldout tool
US8925429B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2015-01-06 Wagic, Inc. Radial foldout tool
USD723276S1 (en) 2013-03-15 2015-03-03 Wagic, Inc. Post lock tool holder for L-shaped wrenches
US9193058B2 (en) 2012-05-15 2015-11-24 Wagic, Inc. Adjustable tool handle for holding a tool during use
US9193062B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2015-11-24 Wagic, Inc. Post lock tool holder for L-shaped wrenches
WO2015183191A1 (en) * 2014-05-30 2015-12-03 Forevertrust International (S) Pte. Ltd. Inertia moment screwdriver
US20150367498A1 (en) * 2014-06-19 2015-12-24 Re-Dai Precision Tools Co., Ltd. Multi-function tool with fixing function
US9289894B2 (en) 2007-05-10 2016-03-22 Wagic, Inc. Hand tool with multiple bit storage and a method for using the same
US9387579B2 (en) 2012-05-15 2016-07-12 Wagic, Inc. Adjustable tool handle for holding a tool during use
US9545707B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2017-01-17 Wagic, Inc. Tool handle for holding multiple tools of different sizes during use

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1004496A (en) * 1911-06-17 1911-09-26 Martin Suster Ratchet tool-handle.
US1175902A (en) * 1915-06-03 1916-03-14 Hans W Christensen Screw-driver.
US1388928A (en) * 1920-10-04 1921-08-30 Winchester Repeating Arms Co Brace-head
US1530905A (en) * 1924-04-26 1925-03-24 James T Nance Screw driver
US1578114A (en) * 1922-03-25 1926-03-23 North Bros Mfg Co Auxiliary handle for wrenches
US1638252A (en) * 1924-08-14 1927-08-09 Jr Joseph N Fitzgerald Socket wrench
US1643814A (en) * 1926-05-11 1927-09-27 John N Peterson Socket wrench
US1710198A (en) * 1926-10-04 1929-04-23 Torgerson Emil Speed wrench
FR693157A (en) * 1930-03-28 1930-11-17 Hat or button mounted support that can adapt to hand power tools
US2294510A (en) * 1940-05-29 1942-09-01 Nakano Rikio Hinged ratchet wrench

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1004496A (en) * 1911-06-17 1911-09-26 Martin Suster Ratchet tool-handle.
US1175902A (en) * 1915-06-03 1916-03-14 Hans W Christensen Screw-driver.
US1388928A (en) * 1920-10-04 1921-08-30 Winchester Repeating Arms Co Brace-head
US1578114A (en) * 1922-03-25 1926-03-23 North Bros Mfg Co Auxiliary handle for wrenches
US1530905A (en) * 1924-04-26 1925-03-24 James T Nance Screw driver
US1638252A (en) * 1924-08-14 1927-08-09 Jr Joseph N Fitzgerald Socket wrench
US1643814A (en) * 1926-05-11 1927-09-27 John N Peterson Socket wrench
US1710198A (en) * 1926-10-04 1929-04-23 Torgerson Emil Speed wrench
FR693157A (en) * 1930-03-28 1930-11-17 Hat or button mounted support that can adapt to hand power tools
US2294510A (en) * 1940-05-29 1942-09-01 Nakano Rikio Hinged ratchet wrench

Cited By (53)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2564204A (en) * 1949-02-15 1951-08-14 George J Houston Stationary grip attachment for spinning socket wrenches
US2726695A (en) * 1951-06-22 1955-12-13 Malm Henry Multiple collapsible screw driver
US2738694A (en) * 1953-03-17 1956-03-20 Boatright Algie Folding lug wrench
DE1063539B (en) * 1955-03-30 1959-08-13 Wolff Robert Radmutterschluessel with a serving as a mounting tool for lifting and guiding of a vehicle wheel to or from the wheel axle handle portion
US3307437A (en) * 1965-04-08 1967-03-07 Sontag Harcourt Removable swivel head for tool handles
US3383962A (en) * 1966-06-27 1968-05-21 New Britain Machine Co Ratchet-wrench construction
US3849881A (en) * 1973-06-22 1974-11-26 Imp Eastman Corp Tool construction
US4455020A (en) * 1981-03-09 1984-06-19 Josef Schnell Rotatable handhold for athletic equipment especially for barbells
US4417611A (en) * 1982-02-26 1983-11-29 Kim Jung S Screwdriver
US4702131A (en) * 1985-06-24 1987-10-27 Harold Snow Hand driven precision tapping system
US5367732A (en) * 1992-12-07 1994-11-29 Tire Shuttle, Inc. Tire handling tool
US5481947A (en) * 1994-04-26 1996-01-09 Banns; Stoke T lever adapter for a ratchet wrench
EP0686461A1 (en) * 1994-06-08 1995-12-13 Cooper Industries Inc. Rotary hand tool
US5515754A (en) * 1994-06-08 1996-05-14 Cooper Industries, Inc. Rotary hand tool
US5797300A (en) * 1996-07-22 1998-08-25 Fairbanks; Jeffery N. Collapsible ratcheting socket wrench
US5855150A (en) * 1996-11-06 1999-01-05 Otero; Armando Tubular tool for removing, installing and storing of auto lug nuts
US6343532B1 (en) * 2001-07-12 2002-02-05 Patrick C. Lucy Cross-bar socket wrench
US6662688B1 (en) 2002-10-07 2003-12-16 Hornet Tool Company Lug wrench
GB2395153B (en) * 2002-11-18 2006-02-22 Chih-Ching Hsieh Hand tool handle with rotary cap
US20040231471A1 (en) * 2003-05-19 2004-11-25 Janis Rottkamp Enhanced driver for screws and the like/leverage driver
US20050252348A1 (en) * 2004-05-17 2005-11-17 Ting Lin Y Hand tool having adjustable assistant bar
US20060016298A1 (en) * 2004-07-20 2006-01-26 Chang Hsueh C Hand tool for detaching rim from a vehicle
US7243577B1 (en) * 2006-02-21 2007-07-17 Morris Wayne L Lug wrench having ratchet assembly in the socket head
US9289894B2 (en) 2007-05-10 2016-03-22 Wagic, Inc. Hand tool with multiple bit storage and a method for using the same
USD708036S1 (en) 2008-01-17 2014-07-01 Wagic, Inc. Biaxial foldout tool
US20110000024A1 (en) * 2008-01-17 2011-01-06 Wagic, Inc. Radial foldout tool with multiple types of tools and bit storage
US20110000025A1 (en) * 2008-01-17 2011-01-06 Wagic, Inc. Biaxial foldout tool with multiple tools on a side and a rotational stop
US9604349B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2017-03-28 Wagic, Inc. Universal ratcheting tool
US9545707B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2017-01-17 Wagic, Inc. Tool handle for holding multiple tools of different sizes during use
USD677552S1 (en) 2008-01-17 2013-03-12 Wagic, Inc. Radial foldout tool with multiple types of tools and bit storage
US8468916B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2013-06-25 Wagic, Inc. Biaxial foldout tool with multiple tools on a side and a rotational stop
US8499667B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2013-08-06 WAGIC, Inc Tool holder
US9505123B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2016-11-29 Wagic, Inc. Tool holder
US20090183607A1 (en) * 2008-01-17 2009-07-23 Wagic, Inc., A California Corporation Tool holder
US8640574B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2014-02-04 Wagic, Inc. Radial foldout tool with multiple types of tools and bit storage
US8925429B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2015-01-06 Wagic, Inc. Radial foldout tool
US8757033B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2014-06-24 Wagic, Inc. Universal ratcheting tool
US9701005B2 (en) 2008-01-17 2017-07-11 Wagic, Inc. Biaxial foldout tool with multiple tools on a side and a rotational stop
US20110079113A1 (en) * 2009-10-05 2011-04-07 Wagic, Inc. Dual purpose flip-out and t handle
US9676083B2 (en) 2009-10-05 2017-06-13 Wagic, Inc. Dual purpose flip-out and T handle
US9120208B2 (en) * 2009-10-05 2015-09-01 WAGIC, Inc Handled ratcheting tool with a flip out handle
US20110079115A1 (en) * 2009-10-05 2011-04-07 Wagic, Inc. Handled ratcheting tool with a flip out handle
US8621963B2 (en) 2009-10-05 2014-01-07 Wagic, Inc. Dual purpose flip-out and T handle
US8539864B1 (en) * 2010-08-25 2013-09-24 Justin A. Kennedy Dual-handled drive wrench
US7942082B1 (en) 2010-11-15 2011-05-17 Jones James M Crankable hand wrench
US9272401B2 (en) * 2011-02-22 2016-03-01 Dahon Technologies, Ltd. Spanner tool
US20140033881A1 (en) * 2011-02-22 2014-02-06 Dahon Technologies, Ltd. Spanner Tool
US9387579B2 (en) 2012-05-15 2016-07-12 Wagic, Inc. Adjustable tool handle for holding a tool during use
US9193058B2 (en) 2012-05-15 2015-11-24 Wagic, Inc. Adjustable tool handle for holding a tool during use
US9193062B2 (en) 2013-03-15 2015-11-24 Wagic, Inc. Post lock tool holder for L-shaped wrenches
USD723276S1 (en) 2013-03-15 2015-03-03 Wagic, Inc. Post lock tool holder for L-shaped wrenches
WO2015183191A1 (en) * 2014-05-30 2015-12-03 Forevertrust International (S) Pte. Ltd. Inertia moment screwdriver
US20150367498A1 (en) * 2014-06-19 2015-12-24 Re-Dai Precision Tools Co., Ltd. Multi-function tool with fixing function

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