US2456902A - Contact and shorting mechanism - Google Patents

Contact and shorting mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
US2456902A
US2456902A US583295A US58329545A US2456902A US 2456902 A US2456902 A US 2456902A US 583295 A US583295 A US 583295A US 58329545 A US58329545 A US 58329545A US 2456902 A US2456902 A US 2456902A
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Prior art keywords
bellows
inlet
outlet
spaced
cooling fluid
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Expired - Lifetime
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US583295A
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Robert L Treuthart
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CBS Corp
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Westinghouse Electric Corp
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H03BASIC ELECTRONIC CIRCUITRY
    • H03FAMPLIFIERS
    • H03F3/00Amplifiers with only discharge tubes or only semiconductor devices as amplifying elements
    • H03F3/54Amplifiers using transit-time effect in tubes or semiconductor devices
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H1/00Contacts
    • H01H1/62Heating or cooling of contacts

Description

1943- R. TREUTHART CONTACT AND SHORTING MECHANISM Filed March 17, 1945 myz WITNESSES:
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AfroRNEY Dec. 21, 1948. R. L. TREUTHART 2,456,902
CONTACT AND SHQRTING MECHANISM I Filed March 17, 1945 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 1 E -43 i Z a 3733 x f'\:
Y////V/ /////I1 I 9 29 WITNESSES: ,2 23 INVENTOR W W Robert L. mu mm.
ATTbRNEY Patented Dec. 21, 1948 CONTACT AND SHORTING MECHANISM Robert L. Treuthart, Wilkinsburg, Pa., asslgnor to Westinghouse Electric Corporation, East Pittsburgh, Pa., a corporation of Pennsylvania Application March 17, 1945, Serial No. 583,295 12 Claims. (01.173-320 This invention relates to contacts, and has particular relation to a sliding contactor for use in interconnecting two spaced surfaces of an electric circuit.
A contactor for use in establishing a short circuit between two points in an electrical circuit has heat developed therein by the flow of current therethrough. This heat is a source of considerable difficulty in many cases and particularly in ultra high-frequency electrical apparatus where the high frequency current often causes the contactor to be heated excessively.
Consequently, some provisions must be made for,
cooling the contactor. This problem is rendered considerably more diilicult when the contactor is to be of the sliding type having pressure engagement with the two spaced surfaces. There must then be provided some means to move the contactor. Moreover, as the two spaced surfaces are often irregular and may not be uniformly spaced throughout the active length thereof, the contactor must also be arranged to insure and maintain a pressure engagement with said surfaces forming an efficient electrical connection at all positions of the contactor.
It is an object of my invention to provide a novel pressure connection between two spaced surfaces.
Another object of my invention is to provide a new and improved slidableconnection between two spaced surfaces.
A further object of my invention is to provide a new and improved slidable connection between two spaced surfaces which includes means for cooling the connector.
Still another object of my invention is to Provide a novel sliding contactor for use in forming a conductive connection between two spaced surfaces of an electrical apparatus.
A still further object of my invention is to provide a new and improved sliding contactor for use in forming a conductive connection between two spaced surfaces of an electric circuit in which the contactor is arranged to conduct 'current and means are provided for cooling the conmotor.
In accordance with my invention, I provide a contactor which comprises a hollow member such as a bellows structure which is expansible under internal pressure. The bellows structure has an inlet and an outlet adapted to be connected to a source of cooling fluid to effect a supply of, the cooling fluid through the interior of the bellows structure under pressure to cool and expand it, the bellows structure being positioned to expand toward the surfaces to insure pressure engagement therewith when the fluid is supplied therethrough. Means are provided to move the contactor with the fluid serving not only to insure and maintain engagement between the contactor and the surfaces but also to cool the contactor at the same time. Baiilesmay also be provided within the bellows structure to direct the cooling fluid adjacent to the portion of the structure which is subject to the greater heat. The features of my invention which I consider novel are set forth with more particularity in the accompanying claims. The invention itself, however, with respect to details of construction and operation, together with additional advantages and objects thereof, may best be understood from the following description of a specific embodiment when read in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which:
Figure 1 illustrates a specific embodiment of my invention as applied to a cavity resonator which is part of an ultra-high-frequency electronic tube,
Fig. 2 is a partial view in cross section taken along line 11-11 of Fig. 1, and
Fig. 3 is a detail cross sectional view of the bellows structure and the cooling arrangement thereof.
An ultra-high-frequency electronic tube 5 is illustrated in Fig. 1 and includes a cavity reso nator formed of a generally cylindrical metal body I having a coaxial, generally cylindrical reentrant protuberance 9. Those details of the tube which are not shown or described herein may be found in the copendin application of David H. Sloan, Serial No. 583,257, filed on March 17, 1945.
For reasons set forth in the Sloan application, it is desirable to provide a plurality of sliding contactors forming an electrical connection between the side wall surface of the protuberance 9 and the surface of the outer side wall I l of the resonator. In accordance with my invention, each of these contactors is formed by a bellows structure I2 as shown in Fig. 3. A flexible corrugated metal, cylindrically-shaped bellows i3 is provided, the ends of which may be moved relative to each other in a direction parallel to the axis of the bellows. A contact button i5 is secured to, within and closing one end of the bellows l3 while a second contact button [1 is secured to, within and closing the other end of the bellows Hi. The first button i5 is provided with a projection l9 which extends axially into the interior of the bellows i3 and has an axial bore 2i therein. The second button I! is provided with an axial projection 23 which extends into the axial bore 2| in the other button l5. This arrangement provides a guide to prevent distortion of the bellows structure during expansion and contraction.
Each bellows structure I! is supported by an inlet pipe 25 and an outlet pipe 21 for cooling fluid connected to an inlet passage 29 in button I! and an outlet passage 3| in button i5, respectively. The inlet and outlet pipes 25 and 21 are, in turn, supported from circular manifolds 33 and 35, respectively, which are mounted on a ringlike plate 31 suspended from an adjustable arm 39 on the top of the tube by pipes ll and 42 extending through vacuum-tight sliding seals 45 at the top of the body I. The manifolds 33 and 25 have lead lines 41 and 49 extending upward through the supporting pipes ll and 43, respec tively. The lead-lines 41 and 49 are adapted to be connected to a source (not shown) of cooling fluid under pressure. A second ring-like plate is suspended from and below the first plate 31 and has slots 53 therein through which the inlet and outlet pipes and 27 extend, the slot serving to maintain the bellows structure i 2 in its proper position.
A plurality of bellows structures I2 are arranged radially about the protuberance 9 with the contact buttons l5 against the side wall surface of the protuberance 9 and the contact button i1 against the surface of the outer side wall i l of the resonator as shown in Fig. 3. The contact buttons i5 and i1 preferably have rounded ends to facilitate good contact, and the sides of buttons I! are preferably tapered to permit a greater number of bellows structures to be positioned about the protuberance. The resonator is also provided with a flanged opening 54 therein to which a vacuum pump may be connected to evacuate the interior of the tube.
The cooling fluid used is preferably a liquid such as. water. The path of the cooling fluid may be traced from the lead line 41 to the inlet manifold 33 and thence through the inlet pipe 25 of each of the bellows structures I! to the inlet passage 29 of the corresponding bellows I3, The fluid then passes through the interior of the bellows structure I2 to the outlet passage 3| and through the outlet pipe 21 to the outlet manifold from which the fluid is returned to the source through the second lead line 49. It is to be noted that the inlet passage 28 opens into the space between the bellows l3 and the axial projection 23 on contact button I! while the outlet passage leads from the axial bore 2| in button l5. Fluid passing from the inlet passage 29 to the outlet passage may flow either through the space between the axial projection 23 on button I I and the walls of the axial bore in button I5 and its projection is or through the space between the bellows i3 and the projection ii of button II and an opening 55 in the projection to the axial bore 2i. The spacings are arranged to cause most of the fluid to pass through the space adjacent the bellows i2 since the bellows i2 being relatively thin tends to be heated excessively by the current conducted therethrough and needs more fluid to carry away the heat. The pressure of the fluid within each of the bellows structures causes the structure to be expanded axially. The inlet and outlet pipes 25 and 21 are sufficiently flexible to permit movement of the contact buttons i5 and II to effect a good pressure contact between each button and the adjacent surface of either the protuberance 8 or the outer side wall ii of the rest)- nator, as the case may be.
To move the bellows structures up and down and thereby change the position of the connection or short-circuit between the protuberance I and the outer side wall ll of the resonator, the arm 39 from which the supporting pipes II and 43 are suspended is threadedly engaged with a center shaft '51 mounted on the top of the tube. This shaft 51 may be rotated manually by means of a crank 59 and gears 6|. As the shaft 51 is rotated, the threaded engagement between the shaft 51 and the arm 39 causes the arm 35 to be moved up or down depending upon the direction of rotation of the shaft 51. As a result, the bellows structures i2 are moved bodily up and down within the resonator, the contact buttons II and i1 sliding on the surfaces of the wall ii and protuberance 9 respectively with the fluid pressure maintaining good contact between the buttons and the surfaces. Of course when the cooling fluid does not flow through the bellows structure, the natural resilience of the bellows i2 and the inlet and outlet pipes 25 and 21 causes the bellows structure to contract slightly and may even result in breaking the connection entirely.
While the sliding contactor as described is shown as forming a connection between two coaxial and generally cylindrical surfaces, it is obvious that it may be employed to form a connection between other spaced surfaces. For example, the bellows structure may be mounted inside a single pipe to connect diametrically opposite surfaces thereof, or it may be used as a sliding contactor between any other two spaced, regular or irregular surfaces facing each other and extending in the same general direction. In defining the surfaces as extending in the same general direction, it is not meant that they must be parallel. The surfaces may, of course, be slightly diverging or converging as long as the expansion of the contactor insures a good pressure engagement with the surfaces. Other applications will be obvious to those skilled in the art,
While I have shown and described a specific embodiment of my invention, I am aware that other embodiments may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention, I do not intend, therefore, to limit my invention to the specific embodiment shown and described.
I claim as my invention:
1. In combination with two spaced and facing surfaces of an electric circuit, an elongated hollow member expansible lengthwise and having an inlet and an outlet permitting a continuous supply of cooling fluid through the interior of said member under pressure to cool and expand it, said member being positioned lengthwise between said surfaces and forming when expanded an electrical interconnection therebetween for the conduction of current.
2. In combination with two spaced surfaces of an electrical circuit, a hollow, expansible, conductive member having an inlet and an outlet per mitting cooling fluid under pressure to be supplied continuously through the interior of said memher to cool and expand it, said member being positioned to expand toward said surfaces for pressure engagement therewith to form an electrical interconnection of said surfaces for the conduction of current therebetween.
3. In combination with two spaced surfaces of an electric circuit, a hollow, conductive, expansible bellows structure for interconnecting said surfaces to conduct current therebetween tending to develop heat in said bellows structure, said bellows structure having an inlet and an outlet permitting cooling fluid under pressure to be supplied continuously through the bellows structure to cool and expand it and being positioned to expand toward said surfaces for pressure engagement therewith to form an eflicient electrical interconnection of said surfaces.
4. In combination with two spaced and facing surfaces of an electrical circuit, an elongated hollow member for interconnecting said two surfaces to conduct current therebetween tending to develop heat in said member, said member being expansible lengthwise and having an inlet and an outlet permitting cooling fluid under pressure to be supplied continuously through the interior of said member to cool and expand it, said member being positioned lengthwise between said surfaces to insure a pressure engagement between each of the ends thereof and the adjacent one of said surfaces forming an efllcient electrical connection when the fluid is supplied therethrough.
5. In combination with two spaced surfaces of an electrical circuit, a hollow, expansible, conductive member for interconnecting said two surfaces to conduct current therebetween, the current causing heat to be developed in said member with one portion of said member tending to be heated excessively, said member having an inlet and an outlet to permit a supply of cooling fluid under pressure through the interior of said member to cool and expand it with said member being positioned for pressure engagement with said surfaces upon expansion, said member also having baffle means within it for directing the cooling fluid adjacent to said one portion.
6. In combination with two spaced and facing surfaces of an electric circuit, a bellows structure for interconnecting said surfaces to conduct current therebetween and including a generally cylindrical metallic bellows with a contact button closing each end thereof, the bellows structure being expansible axially and having an inlet near one end an an outlet near the other end to permit a supply of cooling fluid under pressure through the interior of said structure to cool and expand it, said structure being positioned axially between said surfaces to insure pressure engagement between each of the contact buttons and the adjacent one of said surfaces'forming an efficient electrical connection when said fluid is supplied through the structure, the current through said structure tending to heat the wall of said bellows excessively, said structure including baflie means within said bellows between said inlet and outlet to direct the cooling fluid adjacent the wall of said bellows.
7. In combination with two spaced and facing surfaces, a bellows structure arranged for axial expansion and having an inlet near one end and an outlet near the other end, an inlet pipe and an outlet pipe connected to said inlet and outlet respectively and adapted to be connected to a source of cooling fluid to effect a supply thereof through the interior of said bellows structure under pressure to cool and expand it, said inlet and outlet pipes being sufliciently flexible to permit expansion of said bellows structure under the pressure of said cooling fluid, said-structure being positioned axially between said surfaces to insure a pressure engagement between each end of said structure and the adjacent one of said surfaces when said fluid is supplied therethrough.
8. In combination with two spaced surfaces to change the points of engagement between said end portions and said surfaces, the end portions bein slidable on said surfaces while maintaining pressure engagement therewith during movement of said member.
9. In combination with two spaced surfaces of an electric circuit, said surfaces facing each other and extending in the same general direction, an elongated hollow conductive member positioned lengthwise between said surfaces and expansible lengthwise to provide a pressure engagement between the ends of the member and said surfaces,
thereby interconnecting a point on one surface with a point on the other surface to conduct current'therebetween, the current through said member tending to cause heat to be developed therein, said member having an inlet and an outlet to permit a supply of cooling fluid under pressure through the interior of said member to cool and expand it, and means connected to said member for moving it in said general direction to change the points of interconnection, the ends of said member being slidable on said surfaces while maintaining pressure engagement therewith during movement of said member.
10. In combination with two spaced surfaces of an electric circuit, said surfaces facing each other and extending in the same general direction, a bellows structure for interconnecting a point on one of said surfaces with a point on the other surface to conduct current therebetween, comprising a generally cylindrical, axially expansible bellows with a contact button closing each end thereof positioned axially between said surfaces so that upon expansion each contact button has a pressure engagement with the corresponding surface, said structure having an inlet and an outlet to permit a supply of cooling fluid under pressure through the interior of said structure to cool and expand it, and means connected to said structure for moving it in the same general direction in which said surfaces extend to change the points of interconnection, the contact buttons being slidable on said surfaces while maintaining pressure engagement therewith during movement of said structure.
11. In combination with two spaced and facing surfaces of an electrical circuit, a bellows structure arranged for axial expansion and having an inlet near one end and an outlet near the other end, an inlet pipe and an outlet pipe connected to said inlet and outlet respectively and adapted to be connected to a source of cooling fluid to effect a supply thereof through the interior of said bellows structure under pressure to cool and expand it, said inlet and outlet pipes being sufficiently flexible to permit expansion of said bellows structure under the pressure of said cooling fluid, said structure being positioned axially between said surfaces" to insure a pressure engagement 7 of an electrical circuit extending in the same general direction, a hollow member expansible in a direction generally crosswise of said general direction and having an end portion corresponding to each of said surfaces located for pressure engagement therewith upon expansion of said member, said member having an inlet and an outlet adapted to be connected to a source of fluid to effect a supply thereof under pressure through the interior or said member to expand la) it, and means connected to said member for moving it in said general direction to change the points of engagement between said end portions and said surfaces, the end portions being slidabie on said surfaces while maintaining pressure en- 15 gagement therewith during movement of said member.
ROBERT L. TREUTHART.
anrnnnncns crrnn The following references are of record in the iile of this patent:
UNITED STATES PATENTS
US583295A 1945-03-17 1945-03-17 Contact and shorting mechanism Expired - Lifetime US2456902A (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2685071A (en) * 1951-03-26 1954-07-27 Collins Radio Co Expansible conductive seal for resonant cavities
US2695942A (en) * 1949-06-14 1954-11-30 Republic Steel Corp Work-engaging contact equipment
US2699597A (en) * 1950-02-07 1955-01-18 Hewlett Packard Co Method of manufacturing finger contacts
US2804562A (en) * 1954-10-20 1957-08-27 Magnetic Heating Corp Arc-type oscillators
US2899667A (en) * 1959-08-11 bredtschneider etal
US2914598A (en) * 1957-04-17 1959-11-24 Thomas F Spillane Apparatus for cooling a welding cable
US2978666A (en) * 1957-05-27 1961-04-04 Ibm Fluid pressure connector for printed circuit card
US3076166A (en) * 1956-12-13 1963-01-29 Monroe Calculating Machine Electrical connector for printed circuit cards
US3097154A (en) * 1959-01-13 1963-07-09 Nuclear Materials & Equipment Apparatus for method for etching objects

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1137362A (en) * 1914-08-07 1915-04-27 Charles R Spalding Automobile-jack.
US1543654A (en) * 1922-01-18 1925-06-23 Gen Electric X-ray apparatus
US1874478A (en) * 1930-01-02 1932-08-30 Wappler Electric Company Inc Mounting for x-ray tubes
US2163959A (en) * 1937-03-18 1939-06-27 John A Edeby Lifting jack
US2233763A (en) * 1939-05-27 1941-03-04 Rca Corp Tuning structure
US2290344A (en) * 1935-04-15 1942-07-21 William H Martin Fluid pressure resistance welder

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1137362A (en) * 1914-08-07 1915-04-27 Charles R Spalding Automobile-jack.
US1543654A (en) * 1922-01-18 1925-06-23 Gen Electric X-ray apparatus
US1874478A (en) * 1930-01-02 1932-08-30 Wappler Electric Company Inc Mounting for x-ray tubes
US2290344A (en) * 1935-04-15 1942-07-21 William H Martin Fluid pressure resistance welder
US2163959A (en) * 1937-03-18 1939-06-27 John A Edeby Lifting jack
US2233763A (en) * 1939-05-27 1941-03-04 Rca Corp Tuning structure

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2899667A (en) * 1959-08-11 bredtschneider etal
US2695942A (en) * 1949-06-14 1954-11-30 Republic Steel Corp Work-engaging contact equipment
US2699597A (en) * 1950-02-07 1955-01-18 Hewlett Packard Co Method of manufacturing finger contacts
US2685071A (en) * 1951-03-26 1954-07-27 Collins Radio Co Expansible conductive seal for resonant cavities
US2804562A (en) * 1954-10-20 1957-08-27 Magnetic Heating Corp Arc-type oscillators
US3076166A (en) * 1956-12-13 1963-01-29 Monroe Calculating Machine Electrical connector for printed circuit cards
US3090026A (en) * 1956-12-13 1963-05-14 Monroe Calculating Machine Electrical connectors
US2914598A (en) * 1957-04-17 1959-11-24 Thomas F Spillane Apparatus for cooling a welding cable
US2978666A (en) * 1957-05-27 1961-04-04 Ibm Fluid pressure connector for printed circuit card
US3097154A (en) * 1959-01-13 1963-07-09 Nuclear Materials & Equipment Apparatus for method for etching objects

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