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Composite strand and fabric

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Publication number
US2448782A
US2448782A US59369345A US2448782A US 2448782 A US2448782 A US 2448782A US 59369345 A US59369345 A US 59369345A US 2448782 A US2448782 A US 2448782A
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ber
plastic
organic
strand
fibers
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Archibald H Davis
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Archibald H Davis
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D02YARNS; MECHANICAL FINISHING OF YARNS OR ROPES; WARPING OR BEAMING
    • D02GCRIMPING OR CURLING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, OR YARNS; YARNS OR THREADS
    • D02G3/00Yarns or threads, e.g. fancy yarns; Processes or apparatus for the production thereof, not otherwise provided for
    • D02G3/02Yarns or threads characterised by the material or by the materials from which they are made
    • D02G3/16Yarns or threads made from mineral substances
    • D02G3/18Yarns or threads made from mineral substances from glass or the like
    • D02G3/182Yarns or threads made from mineral substances from glass or the like the glass being present only in part of the structure
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D02YARNS; MECHANICAL FINISHING OF YARNS OR ROPES; WARPING OR BEAMING
    • D02GCRIMPING OR CURLING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, OR YARNS; YARNS OR THREADS
    • D02G3/00Yarns or threads, e.g. fancy yarns; Processes or apparatus for the production thereof, not otherwise provided for
    • D02G3/22Yarns or threads characterised by constructional features, e.g. blending, filament/fibre
    • D02G3/26Yarns or threads characterised by constructional features, e.g. blending, filament/fibre with characteristics dependent on the amount or direction of twist
    • D02G3/28Doubled, plied, or cabled threads
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D02YARNS; MECHANICAL FINISHING OF YARNS OR ROPES; WARPING OR BEAMING
    • D02GCRIMPING OR CURLING FIBRES, FILAMENTS, THREADS, OR YARNS; YARNS OR THREADS
    • D02G3/00Yarns or threads, e.g. fancy yarns; Processes or apparatus for the production thereof, not otherwise provided for
    • D02G3/44Yarns or threads characterised by the purpose for which they are designed
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D15/00Woven fabrics characterised by the material or construction of the yarn or other warp or weft elements used
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D15/00Woven fabrics characterised by the material or construction of the yarn or other warp or weft elements used
    • D03D15/0011Woven fabrics characterised by the material or construction of the yarn or other warp or weft elements used using glass fibres
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D15/00Woven fabrics characterised by the material or construction of the yarn or other warp or weft elements used
    • D03D15/0016Woven fabrics characterised by the material or construction of the yarn or other warp or weft elements used using threads comprising a mineral
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D15/00Woven fabrics characterised by the material or construction of the yarn or other warp or weft elements used
    • D03D15/0027Woven fabrics characterised by the material or construction of the yarn or other warp or weft elements used using bicomponent threads
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D15/00Woven fabrics characterised by the material or construction of the yarn or other warp or weft elements used
    • D03D15/0094Woven fabrics characterised by the material or construction of the yarn or other warp or weft elements used using threads with different diameters
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D15/00Woven fabrics characterised by the material or construction of the yarn or other warp or weft elements used
    • D03D15/02Woven fabrics characterised by the material or construction of the yarn or other warp or weft elements used the warp or weft elements being of stiff material, e.g. wire, cane, slat
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D2700/00Woven fabrics; Methods of weaving; Looms
    • D03D2700/01Woven fabrics; General weaving methods
    • D03D2700/0133Woven fabrics; General weaving methods characterised by the material of warp or weft
    • D03D2700/0137Combination of different materials
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2101/00Inorganic fibres
    • D10B2101/02Inorganic fibres based on oxides or oxide ceramics, e.g. silicates
    • D10B2101/04Asbestos
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2101/00Inorganic fibres
    • D10B2101/02Inorganic fibres based on oxides or oxide ceramics, e.g. silicates
    • D10B2101/06Glass
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2101/00Inorganic fibres
    • D10B2101/20Metallic fibres
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2331/00Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products
    • D10B2331/02Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products polyamides
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2401/00Physical properties
    • D10B2401/06Load-responsive characteristics
    • D10B2401/063Load-responsive characteristics high strength
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/29Coated or structually defined flake, particle, cell, strand, strand portion, rod, filament, macroscopic fiber or mass thereof
    • Y10T428/2913Rod, strand, filament or fiber
    • Y10T428/2929Bicomponent, conjugate, composite or collateral fibers or filaments [i.e., coextruded sheath-core or side-by-side type]
    • Y10T428/2931Fibers or filaments nonconcentric [e.g., side-by-side or eccentric, etc.]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T428/00Stock material or miscellaneous articles
    • Y10T428/29Coated or structually defined flake, particle, cell, strand, strand portion, rod, filament, macroscopic fiber or mass thereof
    • Y10T428/2913Rod, strand, filament or fiber
    • Y10T428/2933Coated or with bond, impregnation or core
    • Y10T428/2964Artificial fiber or filament
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T442/00Fabric [woven, knitted, or nonwoven textile or cloth, etc.]
    • Y10T442/20Coated or impregnated woven, knit, or nonwoven fabric which is not [a] associated with another preformed layer or fiber layer or, [b] with respect to woven and knit, characterized, respectively, by a particular or differential weave or knit, wherein the coating or impregnation is neither a foamed material nor a free metal or alloy layer
    • Y10T442/2008Fabric composed of a fiber or strand which is of specific structural definition

Description

Sept' 7 1948 A. H. DAVIS 2,448,782

COMPOSITE STRAND AND FABRIC Filed May 14, 1945 Patented 7, 194s Archibald Il. Davia, Washington, D. C.

Application May 14, 1945, Serial No. 93,693

This 'invention relates to novel composite textile strands and to textile fabrics made therefrom including woven, knitted, plied and laminated sheets. webbing. belts. tapes, cordage and the like.

A general object of the invention is the provision of composite textile strands and fabrics including fibers of high tensile strength. high resistance to atmospheric influence and to biological attack, and highheat stability and having likewise a high degree of adhesiveness to coating and laminating compositions.

While materials such as siliceous, nylon and fine metallic fibers possess in high degree the strength, resistance and stability desired in many cases. particularly in industrial applications, these fibers are all characterized by relatively smooth non-adhesive surfaces which entail serious disadvantages in the use of fibers of vthis type.`

I have found that by suitably combining high strength fibers of low surface adhesion with organic plastic fibers, it is possible to .provide composite strands and fabrics in which the adhesion of the components is greatly increased without any sacrifice of the strength and resistance properties of the high strength fibers.

In general, the 'invention includes composite textile strands comprising an organic plastic fiber and at least one high strength fiber of low surface adhesion, such as glass, nylon, or metal, disposed about the organic plastic fiber in contact with a portion' only of the surface of the organic plastic fiber, whereby the adhesive properties of the strand is greatly increased not only by' the adhesiveness of the organic plastic fiber but by the effective mechanical interlocking provided by the channels and projections embodied in the strand and fabric construction. The invention also includes textile `fabrics broadly, woven, knitted, plied and laminated from the strands of the invention into sheets, webbing, belts, tapes, cordage and the like which may be coated, laminated or otherwise treated to produce articles of improved utility or appearance.

Typical of the high strength fibers of low surfacefadhesion useful in the invention are glass fibers` produced in the known way of any desired dimensions, composition and color. Other high strength fibers suitable for use in the invention are asbestos fibers, mineral wool fibers, nylon fibers. and metallic fibers or wires.

The organic plastics useful in the invention may be selectedfrom a wide variety of classes of organic resins and elastomers including cellulose esters and ethers; polymerization and copolymerization products of oleilnic compounds.

4' Claims. n (Cl. 57-440) such as vinyl compounds, styrene, acrylic acid and its derivatives; synthetic or artificial rubber compositions, such asl poiymerized dienes and the of Fig. 5, and

various modifications thereof, rubber halides and hydrohalides, and chloroprene; urea, thiourea-, and melamine-aldehyde resins; phenol-aldehyde resins; glycerol-polybasic acid resins; polycarboxylic amide condensation products; and mixtures of two or more resins or clastomers. The plastics may include suitable plasticizers, pigments, fillers and other modifying agents well known in the plastic art.

The composite strands of the invention may be made in a wide variety of ways. such as by plyinger twisting together one or more threads or fibers of high strength material of relatively low surface adhesion.

The strands may be so formed that either the high .strength fibers or the organic plastic fibers project in the strand beyond the effective diameter of the other fibers in the strand in accordance with the use to which the strands are to be put.

In forming the strands-by twisting, the relative tensions on the high strength fibers and on the plastic fibersy may be adjusted with respect to the relative diameters of the fibers to cause either of the fibers to overiie the other in the strands as may be desired. The amount of projection of the organic plastic fiber in the strand section may be increased after formation of the strand by a suitable treatment such as by heating or by treating with a suitable swelling agent. The fibers may be, twisted or plied in a multiple of directions in the strand. The strand and fabric construction of the invention is th-us subject to a wide variation without departing from thecharacter- The invention will be more scribed with reference to the accompanying drawing showing illustrative emb iments oi.' the principles of the invention. y

Fig. 1 is an enlarged diagrammatic representation of acomposite strand embodying the principles of the invention;

In the drawing:

Figs. 2, 3, 4, 5 and 7 are enlarged diagrammatic representations of further embodiments of the invention; v

Fig. 6 is an enlarged diagrammatic section of a coated fabric embodying the composite strand Fig. 8 is an enlarged diagrammatic section of assenso a coat 'd fabric embodying the composite strand of Fig.

In the strand shown in Fig. 1, the high strength ber i and the organic'plastic ber Ii are of substantially the same diameter. As shown in the ber, the high strength ber i., of glass. for example, is caused to project to a greater diameter in the strand by giving it a greater degree of twist, for example, by subjecting the plastic ber to greater tension than the high strength ber while twisting the two bers into the strand.

In the strand of Fig. 2, the high strength fiber i0 has a greater ber diameter than the organic plastic ber I I so that when twisted into a strand at substantially the same tension the high strength ber projects to a greater distance in the strand than the plastic ber.

In the strands of both Figs. 1 and 2, the relative positions of the bers in the strand may be reversed. In the forms shown, the mechanical interlocking effect in fabric structures and in coated constructions is more predominant t 'n when the organic plastic ber is outermostin the strand.

In tlie strands of Figs. 3 and 4, high strength bers or wire i0 are plied or twisted about substantially straight organic plastic bers Il. A plurality of high strength fibers I0 of different directions of twist may be utilized as in Fig, 4.

Fig. 5 shows a strand having six high strength bers I0 plied about a relatively straight organic plastic ber Il of substantially greater ber diameter.

' Fig. 6 shows diagrammatically the combined adhesive and-mechanical interlocking eect of the strands of Fig. 5 when combined into a fabric and coated with a coating composition I2.

. Fig. 'I shows a strand having three high strength bers I0 plied about an organic plastic ber il of substantially smaller ber diameter.

Fig. 8 shows the strands of Fig. 7 composed into a coated fabric construction combining high strength and a high degree of cohesion of the fabric elements the coating composition being indicated at lI 2.

The strands of the invention in their various forms adapt themselves to plyin. knitting, weaving and the like into fabric structures of a wide variety of patterns. For example, by weavo ciples of the invention as defined in the following claims.

Iclaim:

1. A composite textile strand comprising an organic plastic fiber and at least one glass fiber intertwisted therewith in contact with a portion only of the surface of the organic plastic ber, the relative twist'of .the glass ber being greater than that of the organic plastic ber by an amount sumcient to project the glass ber to the periphery of the strand.

2. A composite textile strand comprising an organic .plastic ber and at least one glass ber of lesser fiber diameter than the organic plastic ber intertwisted therewith in contact with a portion onlyof the surface of the organic plastic ber, the relative twist of the glass ber being greater than that of the organic plastic ber by an amount suicient to project the glass ber to the periphery of the strand.

3. A textile fabric comprising a plurality of strands including an organic plastic ber and at least one glass ber intertwisted therewith in contact with a portion only of the surface ofthe organic plastic ber, the -relative twist of the glass ber being greater than that of the organic plastic ber by. an amount sulcient to project the glass fiber to the periphery of. the strand. and a coating composition bonded to the glass bers of the fabric by contact rwith the organic plastic bers.

4. A textile fabric comprising a plurality of strands including an organic plastic ber and ing the strands into a ribbed fabric structure both the structure of the strands and the fabric structure itself cooperate to `increase adhesion and mechanical interlocking in coated and laminated structures.

`It will be clear from the foregoing construcl tion and examples that the construction and .arrangement of the strands and fabrics may be widely varied without departing from the prinat least one lglass ber of lesser ber diameter than the organic plastic ber intertwisted therewith in contact with a portion only of the surface of the organic plastic fiber, the relative twist of the glass fiber being greater than that of the organic' plastic ber by an amount sumcient to project the glass ber to the periphery of the strand, and a coating composition bonded to the glass fibers or the fabric by contact with the organic plastic bers.

' ARCHIBALD H. DAVIS.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the le of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 2,110,979 Rider Mar. 15, 1938 2,217,826 van Laer Oct. 15, 1940 2,252,999 Wallach Aug. 19, 1941 2,308,781 Francis Dec. 29, 1942 2,313,058 Francis Mar. 9, 1943 2,313,104 Wallach Mar. 9, 1943 2,335,844 Camp Nov, 30, 1943

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Cited By (33)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2539301A (en) * 1949-07-15 1951-01-23 Us Rubber Co Woven glass fabric and method of making same
US2575753A (en) * 1948-12-29 1951-11-20 Us Rubber Co Method of producing chenillelike yarn
US2631463A (en) * 1946-11-12 1953-03-17 Dayton Rubber Company Cord belt
US2729933A (en) * 1952-07-12 1956-01-10 Schlichter Jute Cordage Compan Twine
US2773282A (en) * 1950-01-17 1956-12-11 Backer Stanley Method of and apparatus for spinning yarns
US2917891A (en) * 1953-09-01 1959-12-22 Columbian Rope Co Synthetic rope structure and method of making same
US3090189A (en) * 1957-03-30 1963-05-21 Michelin & Cie Elastic wire cables
US3091018A (en) * 1956-12-27 1963-05-28 Johns Manville Fiber Glass Inc Process for combining glass fibers with synthetic resin fibers and product thereof
US3093352A (en) * 1961-06-06 1963-06-11 Douglas Aircraft Co Inc Power absorbing systems and components for arresting aircraft
US3125404A (en) * 1964-03-17 Tensile strength
US3206923A (en) * 1963-05-16 1965-09-21 Russell W Price Reinforced conductive yarn
US3422873A (en) * 1967-07-24 1969-01-21 Firestone Tire & Rubber Co Tire cord
US3463290A (en) * 1966-04-27 1969-08-26 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Handrail belt for escalator
US3603071A (en) * 1970-04-22 1971-09-07 Goodyear Tire & Rubber Cords for annular reinforcing tire belts
US3620280A (en) * 1968-04-16 1971-11-16 Owens Corning Fiberglass Corp Multifilament reinforcement yarns and articles containing same
US3625809A (en) * 1970-02-24 1971-12-07 Owens Corning Fiberglass Corp Filament blend products
US3631667A (en) * 1967-08-29 1972-01-04 Owens Corning Fiberglass Corp Method of making reinforcement for tires
US3769787A (en) * 1971-10-26 1973-11-06 Hartford Spinning Ltd Compact multi-filament textile yarn and method of making the same
US4103102A (en) * 1976-07-01 1978-07-25 Bell Telephone Laboratories, Incorporated Reinforced flexible printed wiring board
US4177553A (en) * 1976-07-01 1979-12-11 Bell Telephone Laboratories, Incorporated Reinforced flexible printed wiring board
US4618167A (en) * 1984-02-09 1986-10-21 Whitehead Edwin N Security filament for use in identification cards
US4750324A (en) * 1987-01-23 1988-06-14 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Elastic composite yarns from brittle ceramic yarns
EP0310202A1 (en) * 1987-10-02 1989-04-05 Stamicarbon B.V. Combinations of polyolefin filaments and yarns of low wetting and adhesive power and filaments and yarns of high wetting and adhesive power
US5189840A (en) * 1990-08-13 1993-03-02 Gunze Limited Device for holding slidable member
US5436076A (en) * 1988-01-20 1995-07-25 Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd. Composite cord for reinforcing rubber
US6458456B1 (en) * 1999-03-22 2002-10-01 Technology Innovations, Llc Composite fiber for absorptive material construction
US20040065072A1 (en) * 2002-10-03 2004-04-08 Nanoamp Solutions, Inc. Ply-twisted yarn for cut resistant fabrics
US20040106202A1 (en) * 1999-03-22 2004-06-03 Technology Innovations, Llc Composite fiber for absorptive material with sensor
US20070031667A1 (en) * 2003-03-29 2007-02-08 Dow Corning Limited (Gb) Composite materials and structures
US20070169458A1 (en) * 2005-07-15 2007-07-26 Teijin Twaron, B.V. Cord
CN102493084A (en) * 2011-12-07 2012-06-13 吴江市凯灵喷水织造厂 Method for weaving polyamide bag fabrics
US20140202393A1 (en) * 2011-06-28 2014-07-24 Nor'eastern Trawl Systems, Inc Aquatic-predator resistant net
EP2826901A1 (en) * 2013-07-18 2015-01-21 Otto Weber Band-GmbH Elastic strip material

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2110979A (en) * 1936-05-21 1938-03-15 Linnard T Rider Yarn
US2217826A (en) * 1939-12-02 1940-10-15 American Enka Corp Rayon for reinforcing rubber products
US2252999A (en) * 1937-05-24 1941-08-19 Sylvania Ind Corp Article and process for the manufacture thereof
US2306781A (en) * 1941-07-17 1942-12-29 Sylvania Ind Corp Product containing siliceous fibers and method of making the same
US2313104A (en) * 1941-08-18 1943-03-09 Sylvania Ind Corp Plied yarn and cords and process of producing the same
US2313058A (en) * 1941-07-17 1943-03-09 Sylvania Ind Corp Textile product and method of making the same
US2335644A (en) * 1942-05-27 1943-11-30 Clark Thread Co Composite strand material

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2110979A (en) * 1936-05-21 1938-03-15 Linnard T Rider Yarn
US2252999A (en) * 1937-05-24 1941-08-19 Sylvania Ind Corp Article and process for the manufacture thereof
US2217826A (en) * 1939-12-02 1940-10-15 American Enka Corp Rayon for reinforcing rubber products
US2306781A (en) * 1941-07-17 1942-12-29 Sylvania Ind Corp Product containing siliceous fibers and method of making the same
US2313058A (en) * 1941-07-17 1943-03-09 Sylvania Ind Corp Textile product and method of making the same
US2313104A (en) * 1941-08-18 1943-03-09 Sylvania Ind Corp Plied yarn and cords and process of producing the same
US2335644A (en) * 1942-05-27 1943-11-30 Clark Thread Co Composite strand material

Cited By (38)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3125404A (en) * 1964-03-17 Tensile strength
US2631463A (en) * 1946-11-12 1953-03-17 Dayton Rubber Company Cord belt
US2575753A (en) * 1948-12-29 1951-11-20 Us Rubber Co Method of producing chenillelike yarn
US2539301A (en) * 1949-07-15 1951-01-23 Us Rubber Co Woven glass fabric and method of making same
US2773282A (en) * 1950-01-17 1956-12-11 Backer Stanley Method of and apparatus for spinning yarns
US2729933A (en) * 1952-07-12 1956-01-10 Schlichter Jute Cordage Compan Twine
US2917891A (en) * 1953-09-01 1959-12-22 Columbian Rope Co Synthetic rope structure and method of making same
US3091018A (en) * 1956-12-27 1963-05-28 Johns Manville Fiber Glass Inc Process for combining glass fibers with synthetic resin fibers and product thereof
US3090189A (en) * 1957-03-30 1963-05-21 Michelin & Cie Elastic wire cables
US3093352A (en) * 1961-06-06 1963-06-11 Douglas Aircraft Co Inc Power absorbing systems and components for arresting aircraft
US3206923A (en) * 1963-05-16 1965-09-21 Russell W Price Reinforced conductive yarn
US3463290A (en) * 1966-04-27 1969-08-26 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Handrail belt for escalator
US3422873A (en) * 1967-07-24 1969-01-21 Firestone Tire & Rubber Co Tire cord
US3631667A (en) * 1967-08-29 1972-01-04 Owens Corning Fiberglass Corp Method of making reinforcement for tires
US3620280A (en) * 1968-04-16 1971-11-16 Owens Corning Fiberglass Corp Multifilament reinforcement yarns and articles containing same
US3824779A (en) * 1968-04-16 1974-07-23 Owens Corning Fiberglass Corp Method of making multifilament yarns
US3625809A (en) * 1970-02-24 1971-12-07 Owens Corning Fiberglass Corp Filament blend products
US3603071A (en) * 1970-04-22 1971-09-07 Goodyear Tire & Rubber Cords for annular reinforcing tire belts
US3769787A (en) * 1971-10-26 1973-11-06 Hartford Spinning Ltd Compact multi-filament textile yarn and method of making the same
US4177553A (en) * 1976-07-01 1979-12-11 Bell Telephone Laboratories, Incorporated Reinforced flexible printed wiring board
US4103102A (en) * 1976-07-01 1978-07-25 Bell Telephone Laboratories, Incorporated Reinforced flexible printed wiring board
US4618167A (en) * 1984-02-09 1986-10-21 Whitehead Edwin N Security filament for use in identification cards
US4750324A (en) * 1987-01-23 1988-06-14 Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing Company Elastic composite yarns from brittle ceramic yarns
EP0310202A1 (en) * 1987-10-02 1989-04-05 Stamicarbon B.V. Combinations of polyolefin filaments and yarns of low wetting and adhesive power and filaments and yarns of high wetting and adhesive power
US5436076A (en) * 1988-01-20 1995-07-25 Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd. Composite cord for reinforcing rubber
US5189840A (en) * 1990-08-13 1993-03-02 Gunze Limited Device for holding slidable member
US6458456B1 (en) * 1999-03-22 2002-10-01 Technology Innovations, Llc Composite fiber for absorptive material construction
US20040106202A1 (en) * 1999-03-22 2004-06-03 Technology Innovations, Llc Composite fiber for absorptive material with sensor
WO2004031462A1 (en) * 2002-10-03 2004-04-15 E.I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Ply-twisted yarn for cut resistant fabrics
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