US2446476A - Apparatus for coating cylindrical surfaces - Google Patents

Apparatus for coating cylindrical surfaces Download PDF

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US2446476A
US2446476A US567381A US56738144A US2446476A US 2446476 A US2446476 A US 2446476A US 567381 A US567381 A US 567381A US 56738144 A US56738144 A US 56738144A US 2446476 A US2446476 A US 2446476A
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cylinder
coating
axis
shaft
support
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William C Huebner
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G03PHOTOGRAPHY; CINEMATOGRAPHY; ANALOGOUS TECHNIQUES USING WAVES OTHER THAN OPTICAL WAVES; ELECTROGRAPHY; HOLOGRAPHY
    • G03FPHOTOMECHANICAL PRODUCTION OF TEXTURED OR PATTERNED SURFACES, e.g. FOR PRINTING, FOR PROCESSING OF SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES; MATERIALS THEREFOR; ORIGINALS THEREFOR; APPARATUS SPECIALLY ADAPTED THEREFOR
    • G03F7/00Photomechanical, e.g. photolithographic, production of textured or patterned surfaces, e.g. printing surfaces; Materials therefor, e.g. comprising photoresists; Apparatus specially adapted therefor
    • G03F7/16Coating processes; Apparatus therefor
    • G03F7/18Coating curved surfaces

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  • This invention relates to an apparatus for applying coatings on cylindrical surfaces, and more particularly to an improved apparatus for providing light-sensitive coatings on the cylinders or cylindrical printing surfaces of printing and photocomposing machines and the like.
  • the plated cylindrical surfaces are coated with the I light-sensitive material. Cylinders made of plastic or other suitable materials may be used for this purpose,
  • the light-sensitive solutions or coating materials must be applied evenly or uniformly over all portions of the cylindrical surfaces, regardless of whether the coating is of a comparatively heavy, gelatinous nature or of a thinner nature, such as those used in making planographic printing surfaces. it is also essential that the coating, whether thick or thin, must be dried and hardened or set uniformly in order to ensure that the photographic prints, when developed, will be uniform and of the required high quality.
  • the tilting or rocking motion is substituted for horizontal rotation, spinning or whirling, the tendency is for the coating to pile up thicker at the center of the cylindrical surface, and it tends to dry at the end portions of the surface faster than between the ends, because the tilting motion has very slight effect on the coating nearest the center of the rocking or tilting action.
  • the cylinder is set up with its axis in a vertical plane and rotated about its axis and also whirled or rotated in the vertical plane of its axis, the coating solution that is thrown off by centrifugal force can fall back on the surface of the cylinder and create spots and other defects.
  • a primary object of my invention is to provide an improved apparatus for coating cylindrical surfaces which will obviate the known objections in previous methods and apparatus for the purpose, and will insure the production of smooth, uniform coatings on cylindrical surfaces.
  • This object is attained in part by pourin the coating material in liquid condition on the cylindrical surface to be coated while said surface is rotating about its own axis and is also simultaneously rotating, whirling or spinning in an inclined plane, preferably inclined upwardly and rearwardly from the vertical, about an axis extending at an angle to the axis of the cylindrical surface. 4
  • Another object of the invention is to provide a practical and efficient, novel apparatus which will enable cylindrical surfaces to be readily supplied with smooth, uniform coatings of varying characteristics within the control of the operator.
  • Additional objects of the invention are to produce a novel apparatus for coating cylindrical surfaces, having provision for the quick and easy mounting of tubular cylinders of various lengths and diameters upon a common shaft which is removably mounted for rotation in the apparatus; also to provide an apparatus which will ensure quick and uniform drying or setting of the coatings on the cylindrical surfaces; in which the speed of rotation of the cylindrical surfaces can be readily adjusted as required, depending upon the varying specific gravities or other characteristics of different coating solutions used, and by which the operator will have control at all times of the conditions necessary to produce satisfactory coated surfaces for printing by various processes from such surfaces, and will be enabled to meet a variety of conditions which heretofore have not existed or have not been required in the coating of cylinders for use in orthodox printing presses or processes.
  • Fig. 1 is a front elevation of a coating apparatus embodying the invention, the doors for the front door opening of the coating tank or chamber being left ofi to better show the parts within the tank.
  • Fig. 2 is a fragmentary plan view of the tank showing the doors in place with one door open and the other door closed.
  • Fig. 3 is a side elevation of the apparatus showing the tank partly in vertical section on line 3--3, Fig. 1.
  • Fig. 4 is a sectional plan view thereof on line 4-4, Fig. 1.
  • Fig. 5 is a longitudinal, sectional elevation of a tubular cylinder to be coated and its supporting shaft, removed from the apparatus.
  • Fig. 6 is a sectional elevation of the apparatus on an enlarged scale on line 6-6, Fig. 4.
  • 20 represents a tank or casing which forms the coating and drying chamber within which the cylinder to be coated is mounted and manipulated during the formation of the coating thereon.
  • this casing is of generally cylindrical and relatively shallow form and is supported in an upright position with its opposite, circular wallsor ends inclined upwardly and rearwardly at an angle of about 15 degrees to the vertical, by a suitable frame or support, which may comprise a horizontal base 2! and a standard or pedestal 22 rising therefrom, on and at the front of which the casing is mounted.
  • the casing is provided with a relatively large front door opening 23 through which the cylinder to be coated may be placed in and removed from the coating chamber, and with suitable doors 24 for closing this opening.
  • Double folding doors are shown hinged at the opposite sides of the door opening, and each having hinged leaves or sections adapting the doors to be folded back at opposite sides of the door opening so that. the doors, when open, will occupy small space at opposite sides of the easing and not interfere with the ready mounting of the cylinder in the coating chamber and its removal therefrom.
  • cylinder 28 represents the cylinder to be coated which, as shown, is tubular and removably mounted on a central shaft 21 which extends centrally through the cylinder tube and has circular disks or heads 28 and 29 secured on the shaft in position to engage and support opposite ends of the cylinder tube.
  • These cylinder heads may be of different diameters and suitably secured on the shaft, as by set screws 30, which permit adjustments of the heads lengthwise on the shaft, as required to accommodate cylinder tubes of different diameters and lengths and enable the removal of one of the heads, as 28, for removing the cylinder tube from and mounting it on the shaft, or replacing one tube by another.
  • cylinder tube shown is provided at one end with an annular filler piece 3
  • the other end of the cylinder tube may be formed to surround and seat on the periphery of the removable head 28 against a peripheral shoulder thereon, so that the tube may be held firmly between the opposite heads when the head 28 is secured in position on the cylinder shaft.
  • the cylinder shaft 21, with the cylinder tube secured thereon, is adapted to be rotatably and removably mounted on a cylinder support or yoke 35 which is arranged to rotate in an upright plane within the coating chamber, which plane is preferably inclined upwardly and rearwardly at approximately the same angle to the vertical as the end walls of the coating chamber.
  • Said yoke is provided midway between its ends with or is suitably secured to a shaft 36 which projects rearwardly from the yoke through an opening in the rear wall of the casing 20 and is journalled to rotate freely in suitable bearings 31 in a bearing housing 38 on the frame standard 22.
  • yoke 35 At its opposite ends yoke 35 is provided with forwardly rojecting arms or members 39 on which -the cylinder shaft 2"!
  • each arm 39 of the yoke has a group of bearing rollers 40, ll and 42, suitably mounted to rotate on and projecting inwardly from the yoke arm.
  • Each end of the cylinder shaft 21 is adapted to rest on and be confined in place by the rollers of one group, which form rolling bearlugs for the end of the shaft.
  • One roller 42 of each group is mounted, as by a bracket 43 suitably pivoted on the adjacent yoke arm, to adapt the roller 42 to be shifted toward and from the end of the shaft for holding it in bearing engagement with the other rollers 40 and M, or out of the way, to permit removal of the shaft 21 from its roller bearings on the yoke.
  • This pivoted bracket may be releasably held in position with its roller 42 in bearing and confining engagement with the cylinder shaft by suitable means, such as a thumb screw M swivelled on the end of the pivoted bracket and adapted to be screwed into a threaded hole in a lug or part on the yoke arm.
  • the shaft 21 may be centered in the yoke and held against shifting endwise in its bearing rollers by suitable means, such as adjustable end thrust screws 44a passing through threaded holes in the yoke arms and engaging opposite ends of the shaft. These screws may be locked in adjusted positions as by lock nuts b.
  • the cylinder 26 is removably mounted to rotate about its axis on the support or yoke 35 which, in turn, is mounted to rotate in the coating chamber in an inclined plane in which the axis of the cylinder lies or with which it is parallel, so that in the coating operation the cylinder is adapted to be rotated both about its own axis and also to be simultaneously rotated, whirled or spun end over end in a, plane parallel to or coincident with the plane of the axis of the cylinder.
  • the drive means shown for thus rotating the yoke and simultaneously rotating the cylinder about its axis on the yoke comprise an electric motor 45 controlled by a suitable switch 45a. and connected by a belt 41 and pulleys 48, 48 to a.
  • bevel gear 58 which may be fixed inside the casing 20 to the rear wall of the casing or to. the inner end of the bearing housing 38, meshes with a bevel pinion 51 on a shaft 58 which extends lengthwise of the yoke 35 and is suitably journailed thereon and is operatively geared, as by a suitable gear train 59, with a pinion 60 secured on one end of the cylinder shaft 21.
  • This pinion 60 may be formed as an integral part of the head 29 of the cylinder, or may be a separate part separately secured adjustably, as by a set screw 6
  • any other suitable drive mechanism for producing said combined motion of the cylinder 28, that is rotation about its own axis on the yoke, and rotation of the cylinder with the yoke may be employed, but preferably a drive mechanism is used which is capable of adjustment to vary the speed of motion of the cylinder, as may be best suited, depending upon the particular nature or characteristics of the coating solution being used, to ensure a smooth, even coating of uniform thickness.
  • the belt and pulleys connecting the motor 45 with the countershaft 49 schematically represent a change speed mechanism of known type in which the speed is changed by adjusting the motor toward and from the countershaft.
  • the motor base is shown as slidably adjustable in a suitable guide 62 on the frame base 20, and may be adjusted by means of a shaft 63 having an adjusting screw connection with the motor base, and provided at its front end with an operating hand wheel 64, which is located in convenient reach of the operator or at the front of the apparatus.
  • the operator preferably pours the coating material in a liquid condition or as a solution from a spouted cup or receptacle 65 on the surface of the cylinder at its middle portion while the cylinder is being rotated both about the axis and with the yoke in the coating chamber.
  • a rest or support 66 is preferably provided on which the operator may rest and steady the receptacle while pouring the solution therefrom.
  • the rest or support 66 shown, is hingedly mounted at the bottom of the front door opening 23 of the casing to swing from an inoperative position in which it hangs down out of the way,
  • the whirling or rotation of the cylinder with the yoke 35 will throw solution off of the ends of the cylinder by centrifugal force against the surrounding circular wall of the coating chamber, from the upper portion of which it will flow downwardly on the inner surfaces of the chamber walls into the lower portion of the chamber.
  • a transversely concaved conductor or gutter 10 which extends or curves downwardly from a point above the front door opening 23 of the coating chamber to opposite sides of the door opening. This conductor will catch solution which may splash and spread forwardly on the upper portion of the circular wall of the chamber and direct it to opposite sides into the lower portion of the chamber.
  • An adjustablehinged deflector plate II in the upper portion of the coating chamber serves, by appropriate adjustment thereof, to direct the solution which is thrown upwardly against it, to the gutter 10, and a curved deflector wall I2 in the upper rear corner portion of the coating chamber functions to direct the solution which flows rearwardly on the top portion of the circular wall, downwardly onto the inner surface of the rear wall of the chamber.
  • a curved deflector wall I2 in the upper rear corner portion of the coating chamber functions to direct the solution which flows rearwardly on the top portion of the circular wall, downwardly onto the inner surface of the rear wall of the chamber.
  • the appara'tus is preferably provided at the lower front portion of the casing 20 with an air heater T4 and at the upper rear portion of the casing with a motor driven fan 15 controlled by a suitable switch 16, for circulating air through the heater, in which the air is heated, and thence upwardly through the coating chamber around and over the cylinder, to the exhaust opening H at the top of the coating chamber.
  • the heater shown for this purpose comprises suitable electrical heating elements 18 which may be arranged in series Within a hood 19 mounted on the front wall of the main casing 20 and controlled by suitable switches 80.
  • at the bottom of the heater hood and holes 82 in the front wall of the main casing enable the fan to draw air over and around the heating elements in the hood to heat it and then through the holes 82 into the coating chamber in which it passes over and" around the cylinder 26 rotating in the coating chamber to the exhaust opening at the top of the coating chamber.
  • the operator is thereby enabled to pour an unbroken or continuous stream of the solution on the rotating cylindrical surface slightly above its center of rotation, and as a result, the solution is spread from the center towards the ends of the surface, and the rotation of the surface about'its axis permits the solution to flow evenly over every portion of the surface at about the same speed, which ensures a uniform coating over the entire surface without thick portions at its center or at its ends. This would not be possible with the cylinder set in a vertical or a horizontal plane uneven coating-s.
  • An apparatus for coating cylinders comprising a support for a cylinder tobe coated mounted for rotationin a substantially upright plane which is inclined somewhat upwardly and rearwardly from the vertical, means for mounting said cylinder to rotate about its axis on said support with the axis of the cylinder parallel with said inclined plane, drive mechanism for rotating said support in said inclined plane and simultaneously rotating said cylinder about its axis on said support, and means for directing the pouring of the coating material in liquid condition on the front middle portion of the surface of the cylinder ,while it rotates about its axis and in said inclined plane.
  • An apparatus for coating cylinders comprising a casing forming an enclosing chamber for a cylinder to be. coated, a support for the cylinder mounted in said chamber to rotate in a substantially upright plane which is inclined somewhat upwardly and rearwardly from the vertical.
  • An apparatus for coating cylinders comprising a stationary casing forming a generally cyly at a relatively small angle to the vertical, means for mounting the cylinder to rotate about its axis on said support with the axis of the cylinder parallel with said inclined plane, drive mechanism for rotating said support in said inclined plane and simultaneously rotating said cylinder about its axis on said rotating support, and means for directing the pouring of the coating material in liquid condition on the front middle portion of the surface of said cylinder while it rotates about its axis and in said inclined plane.
  • An apparatus for coating cylinders comprising a casing forming an enclosing chamber for a cylinder to be coated, a support for the cylinder mounted in said chamber to rotate in a plane inclined at a relatively small angle to the vertical, means for mounting said cylinder to rotate about its axis on said support with the axis of the cylinder parallel with said inclined plane, drive mechanism for rotating said support in said inclined plane and simultaneously rotating said cylinder about its axis on said rotating support, means for directing the pouring of the coating material in liquid condition on the midlength portion of the surface of said cylinder while it rotates about its axis and in said inclined plane, means for regu i g he speed of rotation of said cylinder and said support, mean for circulating air in said chamber over the cylinder during said rotations of the cylinder, and means for regulating the temperature of said air for controlling the drying and setting of the coating on the cylinder, said speed and temperature regulating means including actuating elements located in convenient reach of an operator positioned for controlling the pouring of the coating material
  • An apparatus for coating cylinders including an arched conducting trough arranged in the upper portion of the said chamber substantially parallel with and adjacent its front wall which catches coating liquid thrown off of said cylinder by centrifugal force and directs the liquid away from the cylinder into the lower portion of said chamber.
  • An apparatus for coating tubular cylinders comprising a cylinder support mounted to rotate in a plane inclined at a relatively small angle to the vertical, a cylinder shaft removably mounted to rotate about its axis on said support with the axis of the shaft parallel with th plane of rotation of said support, cylinder heads by which said tubular cylinder is mounted at its ends on said shaft, said heads being adjustable lengthwise on said shaft for longitudinally centering cylinders of different lengths on said support and one of said heads being removable from said shaft when said shaft is removed fromsald support to enable removal of the tubular cylinder, mechanism for rotating said cylinder support and rotating said cylinder shaft about its axis on said support, means for directing the pouring of the coating material in a liquid condition on the middle portion of said tubular cylinder while it rotates about its axis and with said support, and a generally cylindrical casingproviding an enclosing chamber for said cylinder.
  • An apparatus for coating cylinders comprising a support for a cylinder to be coated mounted for rotation in a substantially upright plane inclined upwardly and rearwardly at a relatively small angle to the vertical, means for mounting said cylinder to rotate about its axis on said support with the axis of the cylinder parallel with said inclined plane, drive mechanism 9 tor rotating said support in said inclined plane and simultaneously rotating said cylinder about its axis on said support, said cylinder rotating' REFERENCES CITED

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Description

1948. w. c. HUEBNER 2,446,476
APPARATUS FOR COATING CYLINDRICAL SURFACES Filed Dec. 9, 1944 3 Sheets-Sheet l ((fforkeg.
948. w. c. HUEBNER APPARATUS FOR COATING CYLINDRICAL SURFACES Filed Dec. 9, 1944 s sheets-sheet 2 2 2 2: v v VEN 0):.
up az zorrzeys Aug. 3, 1948. w. c. HUEBNER APPARATUS FOR COATING CYLINDRICAL SURFACES Filed Dec. 9, 1944 5 Sheets-Sheet 3 Patented Aug. 3, 1948 APPARATUS non COATING CYLINDRICAL sUnFAcEs I William C. Huebner, New York, N. Y.
Application December 9, 1944, Serial No. 567,381
'1 Claims. 1
This invention relates to an apparatus for applying coatings on cylindrical surfaces, and more particularly to an improved apparatus for providing light-sensitive coatings on the cylinders or cylindrical printing surfaces of printing and photocomposing machines and the like. In the plated cylindrical surfaces are coated with the I light-sensitive material. Cylinders made of plastic or other suitable materials may be used for this purpose,
In either case the light-sensitive solutions or coating materials must be applied evenly or uniformly over all portions of the cylindrical surfaces, regardless of whether the coating is of a comparatively heavy, gelatinous nature or of a thinner nature, such as those used in making planographic printing surfaces. it is also essential that the coating, whether thick or thin, must be dried and hardened or set uniformly in order to ensure that the photographic prints, when developed, will be uniform and of the required high quality.
Heretofore, it has been customary in coating cylindrical surfaces with light sensitive materials to rotate the cylinder about its axis and to tilt or rock or rotate the same about an axis centrally between the ends of the cylinder and extending at an angle to the axis of the cylinder, while pouring the coating material in a liquid condition on the surface, for the purpose of utilizing the effects of gravity and centrifugal force in spreading and evening out the coatings, which have a tendency to become thicker at one or another portion of the cylindrical surface. If the cylinder rotates about its axis during its rotation in a horizontal plane, the coating becomes thicker towards the ends of the cylinder, due to centrifugal force acting on the coating before it sets. If the tilting or rocking motion is substituted for horizontal rotation, spinning or whirling, the tendency is for the coating to pile up thicker at the center of the cylindrical surface, and it tends to dry at the end portions of the surface faster than between the ends, because the tilting motion has very slight effect on the coating nearest the center of the rocking or tilting action. If the cylinder is set up with its axis in a vertical plane and rotated about its axis and also whirled or rotated in the vertical plane of its axis, the coating solution that is thrown off by centrifugal force can fall back on the surface of the cylinder and create spots and other defects.
Experience has shown that the previou procedure, in which the cylinder is rotated about its axis and rocked or tilted while pouring the coating solution on the cylinder, will operate successfully for comparatively thin coatings, but is not satisfactory for applying heavier coatings, such as are now contemplated, particularly for the thin, tubular cylinders that are to be prepared for use in printing by the electronographic process invented by me.
A primary object of my invention is to provide an improved apparatus for coating cylindrical surfaces which will obviate the known objections in previous methods and apparatus for the purpose, and will insure the production of smooth, uniform coatings on cylindrical surfaces.
This object is attained in part by pourin the coating material in liquid condition on the cylindrical surface to be coated while said surface is rotating about its own axis and is also simultaneously rotating, whirling or spinning in an inclined plane, preferably inclined upwardly and rearwardly from the vertical, about an axis extending at an angle to the axis of the cylindrical surface. 4
Another object of the invention is to provide a practical and efficient, novel apparatus which will enable cylindrical surfaces to be readily supplied with smooth, uniform coatings of varying characteristics within the control of the operator.
Additional objects of the invention are to produce a novel apparatus for coating cylindrical surfaces, having provision for the quick and easy mounting of tubular cylinders of various lengths and diameters upon a common shaft which is removably mounted for rotation in the apparatus; also to provide an apparatus which will ensure quick and uniform drying or setting of the coatings on the cylindrical surfaces; in which the speed of rotation of the cylindrical surfaces can be readily adjusted as required, depending upon the varying specific gravities or other characteristics of different coating solutions used, and by which the operator will have control at all times of the conditions necessary to produce satisfactory coated surfaces for printing by various processes from such surfaces, and will be enabled to meet a variety of conditions which heretofore have not existed or have not been required in the coating of cylinders for use in orthodox printing presses or processes.
Further objects and advantages of the invention will appear from the followin specification of the preferred method embodying the invention and the preferred apparatus embodiment thereof, shown in the accompanying drawings, and the novel features of the invention are set forth in the appended claims.
In said drawings:
Fig. 1 is a front elevation of a coating apparatus embodying the invention, the doors for the front door opening of the coating tank or chamber being left ofi to better show the parts within the tank.
Fig. 2 is a fragmentary plan view of the tank showing the doors in place with one door open and the other door closed.
Fig. 3 is a side elevation of the apparatus showing the tank partly in vertical section on line 3--3, Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is a sectional plan view thereof on line 4-4, Fig. 1.
' Fig. 5 is a longitudinal, sectional elevation of a tubular cylinder to be coated and its supporting shaft, removed from the apparatus.
Fig. 6 is a sectional elevation of the apparatus on an enlarged scale on line 6-6, Fig. 4.
Describing the coating apparatus as illustrated in the drawings, 20 represents a tank or casing which forms the coating and drying chamber within which the cylinder to be coated is mounted and manipulated during the formation of the coating thereon. Preferably, this casing is of generally cylindrical and relatively shallow form and is supported in an upright position with its opposite, circular wallsor ends inclined upwardly and rearwardly at an angle of about 15 degrees to the vertical, by a suitable frame or support, which may comprise a horizontal base 2! and a standard or pedestal 22 rising therefrom, on and at the front of which the casing is mounted. The casing is provided with a relatively large front door opening 23 through which the cylinder to be coated may be placed in and removed from the coating chamber, and with suitable doors 24 for closing this opening. Double folding doors are shown hinged at the opposite sides of the door opening, and each having hinged leaves or sections adapting the doors to be folded back at opposite sides of the door opening so that. the doors, when open, will occupy small space at opposite sides of the easing and not interfere with the ready mounting of the cylinder in the coating chamber and its removal therefrom.
28 represents the cylinder to be coated which, as shown, is tubular and removably mounted on a central shaft 21 which extends centrally through the cylinder tube and has circular disks or heads 28 and 29 secured on the shaft in position to engage and support opposite ends of the cylinder tube. These cylinder heads may be of different diameters and suitably secured on the shaft, as by set screws 30, which permit adjustments of the heads lengthwise on the shaft, as required to accommodate cylinder tubes of different diameters and lengths and enable the removal of one of the heads, as 28, for removing the cylinder tube from and mounting it on the shaft, or replacing one tube by another. The
cylinder tube shown is provided at one end with an annular filler piece 3| adapted to encircle the hub of the head 29 with a peripheral flange of the end piece 3| surrounding and seated on the periphery of the head 29. The other end of the cylinder tube may be formed to surround and seat on the periphery of the removable head 28 against a peripheral shoulder thereon, so that the tube may be held firmly between the opposite heads when the head 28 is secured in position on the cylinder shaft.
The cylinder shaft 21, with the cylinder tube secured thereon, is adapted to be rotatably and removably mounted on a cylinder support or yoke 35 which is arranged to rotate in an upright plane within the coating chamber, which plane is preferably inclined upwardly and rearwardly at approximately the same angle to the vertical as the end walls of the coating chamber. Said yoke is provided midway between its ends with or is suitably secured to a shaft 36 which projects rearwardly from the yoke through an opening in the rear wall of the casing 20 and is journalled to rotate freely in suitable bearings 31 in a bearing housing 38 on the frame standard 22. At its opposite ends yoke 35 is provided with forwardly rojecting arms or members 39 on which -the cylinder shaft 2"! is adapted to be removably journalled at its opposite ends to adapt the cylinder 26 secured on the shaft to rotate about its axis on said yoke. Preferably, for this purpose, each arm 39 of the yoke has a group of bearing rollers 40, ll and 42, suitably mounted to rotate on and projecting inwardly from the yoke arm. Each end of the cylinder shaft 21 is adapted to rest on and be confined in place by the rollers of one group, which form rolling bearlugs for the end of the shaft. One roller 42 of each group is mounted, as by a bracket 43 suitably pivoted on the adjacent yoke arm, to adapt the roller 42 to be shifted toward and from the end of the shaft for holding it in bearing engagement with the other rollers 40 and M, or out of the way, to permit removal of the shaft 21 from its roller bearings on the yoke. This pivoted bracket may be releasably held in position with its roller 42 in bearing and confining engagement with the cylinder shaft by suitable means, such as a thumb screw M swivelled on the end of the pivoted bracket and adapted to be screwed into a threaded hole in a lug or part on the yoke arm. The shaft 21 may be centered in the yoke and held against shifting endwise in its bearing rollers by suitable means, such as adjustable end thrust screws 44a passing through threaded holes in the yoke arms and engaging opposite ends of the shaft. These screws may be locked in adjusted positions as by lock nuts b.
Thus, the cylinder 26 is removably mounted to rotate about its axis on the support or yoke 35 which, in turn, is mounted to rotate in the coating chamber in an inclined plane in which the axis of the cylinder lies or with which it is parallel, so that in the coating operation the cylinder is adapted to be rotated both about its own axis and also to be simultaneously rotated, whirled or spun end over end in a, plane parallel to or coincident with the plane of the axis of the cylinder. The drive means shown for thus rotating the yoke and simultaneously rotating the cylinder about its axis on the yoke, comprise an electric motor 45 controlled by a suitable switch 45a. and connected by a belt 41 and pulleys 48, 48 to a. countershaft 49 which is geared, as by a worm 60 and worm wheel 5| to a shaft 52 suitably journalled on the frame standard 22 and connected by a pulley 53 and belt 54 to a pulley 55 secured on the rear end of the shaft 36 of the yoke. A
bevel gear 58, which may be fixed inside the casing 20 to the rear wall of the casing or to. the inner end of the bearing housing 38, meshes with a bevel pinion 51 on a shaft 58 which extends lengthwise of the yoke 35 and is suitably journailed thereon and is operatively geared, as by a suitable gear train 59, with a pinion 60 secured on one end of the cylinder shaft 21. This pinion 60 may be formed as an integral part of the head 29 of the cylinder, or may be a separate part separately secured adjustably, as by a set screw 6| on the cylinder shaft. In the rotation of the yoke with its shaft 36, the pinion 51 rolls around the stationary bevel gear 56 in mesh with its teeth, and thus the pinion 51, its shaft and gear train 59 are driven and rotate the cylinder about its axis on the yoke.
Any other suitable drive mechanism for producing said combined motion of the cylinder 28, that is rotation about its own axis on the yoke, and rotation of the cylinder with the yoke, may be employed, but preferably a drive mechanism is used which is capable of adjustment to vary the speed of motion of the cylinder, as may be best suited, depending upon the particular nature or characteristics of the coating solution being used, to ensure a smooth, even coating of uniform thickness. In the drive mechanism shown, the belt and pulleys connecting the motor 45 with the countershaft 49 schematically represent a change speed mechanism of known type in which the speed is changed by adjusting the motor toward and from the countershaft. For this purpose, the motor base is shown as slidably adjustable in a suitable guide 62 on the frame base 20, and may be adjusted by means of a shaft 63 having an adjusting screw connection with the motor base, and provided at its front end with an operating hand wheel 64, which is located in convenient reach of the operator or at the front of the apparatus.
In the use of the apparatus for performing my improved coating process, the operator preferably pours the coating material in a liquid condition or as a solution from a spouted cup or receptacle 65 on the surface of the cylinder at its middle portion while the cylinder is being rotated both about the axis and with the yoke in the coating chamber. A rest or support 66 is preferably provided on which the operator may rest and steady the receptacle while pouring the solution therefrom. The rest or support 66 shown, is hingedly mounted at the bottom of the front door opening 23 of the casing to swing from an inoperative position in which it hangs down out of the way,
to an upstanding position, shown by full lines in Fig. 3, in which its upper end is located to position the spout when resting thereon so as to direct the flowing solution onto the surface of the cylinder at a spot slightly above the front middle portion of the cylinder surface when the cylinder is horizontal. The solution thus poured on the cylinder will be caused to spread out uniformly circumferentially around and outwardly to the ends of the peripheral surface by the combined effects of centrifugal force, due to the rotation of the cylinder, and gravity, due to the inclination of the plane in which the cylinder rotates. The whirling or rotation of the cylinder with the yoke 35 will throw solution off of the ends of the cylinder by centrifugal force against the surrounding circular wall of the coating chamber, from the upper portion of which it will flow downwardly on the inner surfaces of the chamber walls into the lower portion of the chamber. Within the upper, front portion of the chamber is provided a transversely concaved conductor or gutter 10 which extends or curves downwardly from a point above the front door opening 23 of the coating chamber to opposite sides of the door opening. This conductor will catch solution which may splash and spread forwardly on the upper portion of the circular wall of the chamber and direct it to opposite sides into the lower portion of the chamber. An adjustablehinged deflector plate II in the upper portion of the coating chamber serves, by appropriate adjustment thereof, to direct the solution which is thrown upwardly against it, to the gutter 10, and a curved deflector wall I2 in the upper rear corner portion of the coating chamber functions to direct the solution which flows rearwardly on the top portion of the circular wall, downwardly onto the inner surface of the rear wall of the chamber. Thus, any solution which is thrown off of the cylinder, in its rotation in the chamber, is prevented from dropping back onto the surface of the cylinder and spotting or otherwise impairing the smoothness and uniformity of the coating thereon. The solution collecting in the lower portion of the casing may escape therefrom through suit-able drain pipes 13.
After the coating solution has been poured on and spread over the peripheral surface of the cylinder by the combined rotary motions thereof, .as described, the front doors of the casing are closed and the motion of the cylinder continued for causing the solution to properly dry and set on the surface of the cylinder. In order to facilitate this drying and setting operation, the appara'tus is preferably provided at the lower front portion of the casing 20 with an air heater T4 and at the upper rear portion of the casing with a motor driven fan 15 controlled by a suitable switch 16, for circulating air through the heater, in which the air is heated, and thence upwardly through the coating chamber around and over the cylinder, to the exhaust opening H at the top of the coating chamber. The heater shown for this purpose comprises suitable electrical heating elements 18 which may be arranged in series Within a hood 19 mounted on the front wall of the main casing 20 and controlled by suitable switches 80. An air inlet opening 8| at the bottom of the heater hood and holes 82 in the front wall of the main casing enable the fan to draw air over and around the heating elements in the hood to heat it and then through the holes 82 into the coating chamber in which it passes over and" around the cylinder 26 rotating in the coating chamber to the exhaust opening at the top of the coating chamber.
An important factor in properly coating cylindrical surfaces is the ability to vary or con trol the speed of rotation of the surface both about its axis and in the inclined plane during application of the coating olution to the surface, so that the speeds may be regulated to conform to the varying natures of the light-sensitive coating solutions used. Where the specific gravity of the solution is heavy, the surface should rotate slower, while if the solutions are thin, the speed of motion of the surface should be faster. he Speed control means 64 is located so that the operator can have at all times control of the conditions needed to produce satisfactory coated cylindrical surfaces for printing from such surfaces by various processes and, in fact, to meet a variety of conditions required in the coating of such surfaces. The temperature of the air can also be regulated by appropriate control of the air heater by means of its series heating elements and control switches, so as to; obtain drying conditions appropriately coordinated with the speed of rotation of .the cylindrical surface and the particular nature of the coating solution being used.
, to ensure perfect coatings.
It has been found that the rotation of the cylindrical surface in a plane inclined substantially as described results in most successful coating because, for one reason, the solution thrown off during the rotation does not fall back on the surface and create spots or other defects in the coating. Another important reason for the described inclined plane of rotation of the cylindrical surface is that it enables the most effectuai application of the coating solution to the surface to ensure proper coating thereof. The operator is thereby enabled to pour an unbroken or continuous stream of the solution on the rotating cylindrical surface slightly above its center of rotation, and as a result, the solution is spread from the center towards the ends of the surface, and the rotation of the surface about'its axis permits the solution to flow evenly over every portion of the surface at about the same speed, which ensures a uniform coating over the entire surface without thick portions at its center or at its ends. This would not be possible with the cylinder set in a vertical or a horizontal plane uneven coating-s.
I claim as my invention:
1. An apparatus for coating cylinders, comprising a support for a cylinder tobe coated mounted for rotationin a substantially upright plane which is inclined somewhat upwardly and rearwardly from the vertical, means for mounting said cylinder to rotate about its axis on said support with the axis of the cylinder parallel with said inclined plane, drive mechanism for rotating said support in said inclined plane and simultaneously rotating said cylinder about its axis on said support, and means for directing the pouring of the coating material in liquid condition on the front middle portion of the surface of the cylinder ,while it rotates about its axis and in said inclined plane.
2. An apparatus for coating cylinders, comprising a casing forming an enclosing chamber for a cylinder to be. coated, a support for the cylinder mounted in said chamber to rotate in a substantially upright plane which is inclined somewhat upwardly and rearwardly from the vertical. means for mounting said cylinder to rotate about its axis on said support with the axis of the cylinder parallel with said inclined Plane, drive mechanism for rotating said support in said inclined plane and simultaneously rotating said cylinder about its axis on said rotating support, and means for directing the pouring of the coating material in liquid condition on the front middle portion of the surface of said cylinder while it rotates about its axis and in said inclined plane.
3. An apparatus for coating cylinders, comprising a stationary casing forming a generally cyly at a relatively small angle to the vertical, means for mounting the cylinder to rotate about its axis on said support with the axis of the cylinder parallel with said inclined plane, drive mechanism for rotating said support in said inclined plane and simultaneously rotating said cylinder about its axis on said rotating support, and means for directing the pouring of the coating material in liquid condition on the front middle portion of the surface of said cylinder while it rotates about its axis and in said inclined plane.
4. An apparatus for coating cylinders, comprising a casing forming an enclosing chamber for a cylinder to be coated, a support for the cylinder mounted in said chamber to rotate in a plane inclined at a relatively small angle to the vertical, means for mounting said cylinder to rotate about its axis on said support with the axis of the cylinder parallel with said inclined plane, drive mechanism for rotating said support in said inclined plane and simultaneously rotating said cylinder about its axis on said rotating support, means for directing the pouring of the coating material in liquid condition on the midlength portion of the surface of said cylinder while it rotates about its axis and in said inclined plane, means for regu i g he speed of rotation of said cylinder and said support, mean for circulating air in said chamber over the cylinder during said rotations of the cylinder, and means for regulating the temperature of said air for controlling the drying and setting of the coating on the cylinder, said speed and temperature regulating means including actuating elements located in convenient reach of an operator positioned for controlling the pouring of the coating material.
5. An apparatus for coating cylinders according to claim 3, including an arched conducting trough arranged in the upper portion of the said chamber substantially parallel with and adjacent its front wall which catches coating liquid thrown off of said cylinder by centrifugal force and directs the liquid away from the cylinder into the lower portion of said chamber.
6. An apparatus for coating tubular cylinders, comprising a cylinder support mounted to rotate in a plane inclined at a relatively small angle to the vertical, a cylinder shaft removably mounted to rotate about its axis on said support with the axis of the shaft parallel with th plane of rotation of said support, cylinder heads by which said tubular cylinder is mounted at its ends on said shaft, said heads being adjustable lengthwise on said shaft for longitudinally centering cylinders of different lengths on said support and one of said heads being removable from said shaft when said shaft is removed fromsald support to enable removal of the tubular cylinder, mechanism for rotating said cylinder support and rotating said cylinder shaft about its axis on said support, means for directing the pouring of the coating material in a liquid condition on the middle portion of said tubular cylinder while it rotates about its axis and with said support, and a generally cylindrical casingproviding an enclosing chamber for said cylinder.
'7. An apparatus for coating cylinders, comprising a support for a cylinder to be coated mounted for rotation in a substantially upright plane inclined upwardly and rearwardly at a relatively small angle to the vertical, means for mounting said cylinder to rotate about its axis on said support with the axis of the cylinder parallel with said inclined plane, drive mechanism 9 tor rotating said support in said inclined plane and simultaneously rotating said cylinder about its axis on said support, said cylinder rotating' REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the me of this patent:
UNITED, STATES PATENTS Number Name .Date
783,199 Heinz Feb. 21, 1905 1,033,497 Vallone et al. July 23, 1912 Number Number 10 Name Date Harrell Aug. 12, 1913 Schorn Oct. 15, 1918 Lorenz Mar. 17, 1925 Davis Aug. 3, 1926 Heinzman Jan. 6, 1931 Huebner Nov. 19, 1935 Meisel Sept. 22, 1936 Fritlsche Mar. 16, 1937 Henderson June 22, 1937 Huebner Oct. 18, 1938 Huebner Feb. 28, 1939 Henderson Aug. 20, 1940 Henderson Aug. 20, 1940 FOREIGN PATENTS Country Date Great Britain Aug. 20, 1898 France June 7, 1913 France Nov, 16, 1935
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US2622556A (en) * 1951-11-05 1952-12-23 Mcmahon Joseph Hart Adjustable cylinder coating machine
US2641218A (en) * 1951-03-31 1953-06-09 Century Tank Mfg Company Apparatus for applying cementitious linings to inner wall surfaces of liquid-holdingreceptacles
US2701543A (en) * 1951-02-02 1955-02-08 United Biscuit Company Rotatable cylinder coating apparatus
US2766719A (en) * 1953-05-18 1956-10-16 Meyercord Co Apparatus for coating printing cylinders
US3031339A (en) * 1959-08-10 1962-04-24 Regan Ind Inc Coating machine and method
US3046157A (en) * 1958-05-07 1962-07-24 Philips Corp Method for coating the inner wall of a tube intended for electric discharge lamps with a uniform liquid layer as well as an arrangement for the application of the method
US3332392A (en) * 1963-09-23 1967-07-25 Gessner Siegfried Device for adjusting the spatial position of a specimen carrier
US3371650A (en) * 1965-12-31 1968-03-05 Bendix Corp Means to position and drive work support
US3457899A (en) * 1967-06-23 1969-07-29 Gen Electric Apparatus for clamping and rotating stators
US20060219566A1 (en) * 2005-03-29 2006-10-05 Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co., Ltd. Method for fabricating metal layer
US20120204786A1 (en) * 2007-03-26 2012-08-16 Daido Metal Company, Ltd. Method of and apparatus for manufacturing coated bearing

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US2074171A (en) * 1936-07-24 1937-03-16 Fritsche Rudolf Apparatus for coating lithographic plates
US2084642A (en) * 1935-10-24 1937-06-22 Paper Patents Co Apparatus for coating printing cylinders
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US783199A (en) * 1904-07-30 1905-02-21 Acme White Lead & Color Works Machine for painting wheels.
US1033497A (en) * 1911-02-21 1912-07-23 Barcalo Mfg Co Apparatus for heating tubes, rods, or the like.
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US2055039A (en) * 1935-08-07 1936-09-22 Meisel Press Mfg Company Roll holder
US2084642A (en) * 1935-10-24 1937-06-22 Paper Patents Co Apparatus for coating printing cylinders
US2074171A (en) * 1936-07-24 1937-03-16 Fritsche Rudolf Apparatus for coating lithographic plates
US2133517A (en) * 1936-09-22 1938-10-18 William C Huebner Coating apparatus
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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2701543A (en) * 1951-02-02 1955-02-08 United Biscuit Company Rotatable cylinder coating apparatus
US2641218A (en) * 1951-03-31 1953-06-09 Century Tank Mfg Company Apparatus for applying cementitious linings to inner wall surfaces of liquid-holdingreceptacles
US2622556A (en) * 1951-11-05 1952-12-23 Mcmahon Joseph Hart Adjustable cylinder coating machine
US2766719A (en) * 1953-05-18 1956-10-16 Meyercord Co Apparatus for coating printing cylinders
US3046157A (en) * 1958-05-07 1962-07-24 Philips Corp Method for coating the inner wall of a tube intended for electric discharge lamps with a uniform liquid layer as well as an arrangement for the application of the method
US3031339A (en) * 1959-08-10 1962-04-24 Regan Ind Inc Coating machine and method
US3332392A (en) * 1963-09-23 1967-07-25 Gessner Siegfried Device for adjusting the spatial position of a specimen carrier
US3371650A (en) * 1965-12-31 1968-03-05 Bendix Corp Means to position and drive work support
US3457899A (en) * 1967-06-23 1969-07-29 Gen Electric Apparatus for clamping and rotating stators
US20060219566A1 (en) * 2005-03-29 2006-10-05 Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co., Ltd. Method for fabricating metal layer
US20120204786A1 (en) * 2007-03-26 2012-08-16 Daido Metal Company, Ltd. Method of and apparatus for manufacturing coated bearing
US8689724B2 (en) * 2007-03-26 2014-04-08 Daido Metal Company Ltd. Method of and apparatus for manufacturing coated bearing

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