US2444184A - Expendable platform - Google Patents

Expendable platform Download PDF

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US2444184A
US2444184A US661556A US66155646A US2444184A US 2444184 A US2444184 A US 2444184A US 661556 A US661556 A US 661556A US 66155646 A US66155646 A US 66155646A US 2444184 A US2444184 A US 2444184A
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platform
supporting members
platforms
height
tubes
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US661556A
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Norman L Cahners
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Norman L Cahners
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D19/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D19/0004Rigid pallets without side walls
    • B65D19/0006Rigid pallets without side walls the load supporting surface being made of a single element
    • B65D19/0008Rigid pallets without side walls the load supporting surface being made of a single element forming a continuous plane contact surface
    • B65D19/002Rigid pallets without side walls the load supporting surface being made of a single element forming a continuous plane contact surface the base surface being made of more than one element
    • B65D19/0024Rigid pallets without side walls the load supporting surface being made of a single element forming a continuous plane contact surface the base surface being made of more than one element forming discontinuous or non-planar contact surfaces
    • B65D19/0028Rigid pallets without side walls the load supporting surface being made of a single element forming a continuous plane contact surface the base surface being made of more than one element forming discontinuous or non-planar contact surfaces and each contact surface having a discrete foot-like shape
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D19/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D19/0004Rigid pallets without side walls
    • B65D19/0006Rigid pallets without side walls the load supporting surface being made of a single element
    • B65D19/0008Rigid pallets without side walls the load supporting surface being made of a single element forming a continuous plane contact surface
    • B65D19/001Rigid pallets without side walls the load supporting surface being made of a single element forming a continuous plane contact surface the base surface being made of a single element
    • B65D19/0014Rigid pallets without side walls the load supporting surface being made of a single element forming a continuous plane contact surface the base surface being made of a single element forming discontinuous or non-planar contact surfaces
    • B65D19/0016Rigid pallets without side walls the load supporting surface being made of a single element forming a continuous plane contact surface the base surface being made of a single element forming discontinuous or non-planar contact surfaces and each contact surface having a stringer-like shape
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00009Materials
    • B65D2519/00014Materials for the load supporting surface
    • B65D2519/00019Paper
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00009Materials
    • B65D2519/00014Materials for the load supporting surface
    • B65D2519/00029Wood
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00009Materials
    • B65D2519/00049Materials for the base surface
    • B65D2519/00054Paper
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00009Materials
    • B65D2519/00049Materials for the base surface
    • B65D2519/00059Metal
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00009Materials
    • B65D2519/00049Materials for the base surface
    • B65D2519/00064Wood
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00258Overall construction
    • B65D2519/00283Overall construction of the load supporting surface
    • B65D2519/00288Overall construction of the load supporting surface made of one piece
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00258Overall construction
    • B65D2519/00313Overall construction of the base surface
    • B65D2519/00323Overall construction of the base surface made of more than one piece
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00258Overall construction
    • B65D2519/00313Overall construction of the base surface
    • B65D2519/00328Overall construction of the base surface shape of the contact surface of the base
    • B65D2519/00333Overall construction of the base surface shape of the contact surface of the base contact surface having a stringer-like shape
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00258Overall construction
    • B65D2519/00313Overall construction of the base surface
    • B65D2519/00328Overall construction of the base surface shape of the contact surface of the base
    • B65D2519/00338Overall construction of the base surface shape of the contact surface of the base contact surface having a discrete foot-like shape
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00258Overall construction
    • B65D2519/00398Overall construction reinforcements
    • B65D2519/00432Non-integral, e.g. inserts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00547Connections
    • B65D2519/00552Structures connecting the constitutive elements of the pallet to each other, i.e. load supporting surface, base surface and/or separate spacer
    • B65D2519/00557Structures connecting the constitutive elements of the pallet to each other, i.e. load supporting surface, base surface and/or separate spacer without separate auxiliary elements
    • B65D2519/00562Structures connecting the constitutive elements of the pallet to each other, i.e. load supporting surface, base surface and/or separate spacer without separate auxiliary elements chemical connection, e.g. glued, welded, sealed
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D2519/00Pallets or like platforms, with or without side walls, for supporting loads to be lifted or lowered
    • B65D2519/00004Details relating to pallets
    • B65D2519/00547Connections
    • B65D2519/00552Structures connecting the constitutive elements of the pallet to each other, i.e. load supporting surface, base surface and/or separate spacer
    • B65D2519/00572Structures connecting the constitutive elements of the pallet to each other, i.e. load supporting surface, base surface and/or separate spacer with separate auxiliary element, e.g. screws, nails, bayonets

Description

June 1943- N. L. CAHNERS 'EXPENDABLE PLATFORM Filed April 12, I 1946 2 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR. ZHM/ 2 4; #Z/MJ "rQi ATTORNEY N'ERS 2,444,184

EEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE RM Patented June 29, 1948 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE EXPENDABLE PLATFORM Norman L. Cahners, Brewer, Maine Application April 12, 1946, Serial No. 661,556

4 Claims.

This invention relates to portable platforms adapted for lift truck operations and is concerned specifically with an expendable platform. The term expendable is used to denote a, platform economically adapted for one shipment use, to be thereafter discarded or thrown away. Its cost is so small as to be absorbable as a transportation expense instead of representing a capital investment.

Use of portable platforms, commonly referred to as pallets and skids, has been recognized as a source of substantial reduction in the labor cost involved in shipping commodities, particularly small items of uniform size and weight. Palleted commodity transportation has come into increasing use even where substantial capital investment in platforms is required, as with durable wood and metal pallets, costing from $4 apiece and upward, but it has been apparent all along that for through or long distance transportation use, the use of such pallets has serious limitations. In the first place, these platforms are, under Interstate Commerce Commission rates, subject,

in less than carload lot shipments, to the going rate for the commodity carried, just as any shipping package or crate. Durable platforms often weigh as much as 100 pounds and therefore contribute a substantial part of the shipping cost in less than carload lot shipments. Secondly, where their cost represents capital investment some arrangement must be made for their returnwith added transportation cost-or disposal at their destination. These obstacles have not been heretofore successfully overcome to my knowledge, mainly because the strength requirements ofa general use pallet are now found only in heavy wood and steel constructions.

This invention has for an object the provision of a platform, having the requisite strength for general use, which is so inexpensive to begin with that it is inherently economically capable of discard after one shipment use, and which is so light in weight that its contribution to transportation cost at the rate of the commodity carried is practically negligible.

To these ends, the platform of this invention is characterized by a structure constituted, in its preferred form, of an exceedingly small amount of inherently inexpensive lightweight materials but which produces a platform of adequate vertical compressive strength and resistance to lateral collapse for general commodity use.

The novel structure of platforms of this invention is such that it provides, when desired, in addition to the above objectives; the advantageous features of, first, adaptation to use by low lift as well as by high lift fork trucks, and second, adaptation to four-way use.

With regard to the former, counterbalanced high lift fork lift trucks which operate on the cantilever principle may and often do have fairly thin forks so that platforms used therewith may be low, with passageways of just sufficient height to permit ingress of the forks thereunder, sometimes as little as On the contrary, manually or power operated low lift trucks have wheels at the forward ends of the forks which are designed a to be lowered after the forks are positioned be- As the height of the platform is increased to accommodate such forks, resistance to lateral collapse is greatly decreased, and compressive strength becomes an increased problem, particularly because the passageways must retain sufiicient width to accommodate the width of conventional forks.

Platforms of this invention despite their low cost and light weight do have adequate passageway height to accommodate lift forks of low lift trucks and still have adequate resistance to lateral collapse and sufiicient compressive strength in a vertical direction to support loads well over the maximum capacity loads of average lift trucks whether operating on the cantilever principle or otherwise.

Another desirable feature of platforms of this invention in connection with their use with low lift fork trucks is that the passageways are openbottomed and offer no barrier to the lowering of the wheels of low lift trucks.

- With respect to four-way entry, incorporation of this feature necessarily reduces the area of the platform beneath which direct support can be provided, thus decreasing resistance to vertical and lateral collapse. Nevertheless, the structure of platforms of this invention permits low cost,

ways are of a height to accommodate low lift truck forks or platform trucks, adequate resistance to lateral collapse and compressive strength in a vertical direction exceeding the maximum load capacity of conventional lift trucks.

A further feature of platforms having the structure of this invention is that they may be grade ratedfor'strength according to their designed use without departing from the basic construction or merely by the addition in certain instances of optional reinforcements.

The above and other advantages of platforms of this invention will be more fully understood when considered in connection with a description of forms of structure embodying the invention and shown in the accompanying drawings in which I Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a platform of the invention;

Fig. 2 is a bottom plan view thereof;

Fig. 3 is a front elevation;

Fig. 4 is a vertical cross-section along the line 4-4 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 5 is a perspective view, broken away for purposes of clarity, of a modified form of one of the elements utilized in the construction of Figs. 1 to 4;

Fig. 6 is an elevation, shown partly in section, of a further modified form of one of the elements utilized in the constructions of Figs. 1 to 4;

Figs. 7 and 8 are perspective views of still further modifications; and

Fig. 9 is a bottom plan view of a modified form of platform embodying the invention.

The platform shown in the drawing has,a elevated plane platform l0 comprisim, a thin flat sheet of solid fiberboard, corrugated paper, chipboard, paperboard, plywood, veneer, pressed wood, or other suitable sheet material, preferably double-faced corrugatedpaper having a thickness of approximately 0r 80-point solid fiberboard. The size of the platform may be conveniently 32 x48". The platform is permanently elevated by a series of supporting members comprising tubular elements, shown in the drawings as hollow cylinders ll having inside and outside diameters exceeding their height, positioned as shown with the axes of their bores disposed normal to the plane of the platform. Preferably, the hollow cylinders ll are spirally or convolute wound fiberboard or chipboard formed on the principle of mailing tubes. For a 32 x 48" platform such as that shown, I have found that tubes having approximately the following dimensions: outside diameter-6", wall thicknessto /4, and height-3V to 4", preferably 3 give adequate strength and resistance. These tubular elements are adhesively or otherwise affixed along their top rims to the undersurface of the platform Ill to provide, in the case of the platform in Fig. 1, nine supporting members in transverse and longitudinal rows of three each forming therebetween openings l5, l8, l1, l8. I9, 20, 2| and 22 leading to two intersecting pairs of open-bottomed parallel passageways. As indicated, with a platform and supports of the dimensions given, it is desirable to set the rows along the shorter sides of the platform about 3" in from the platform edges. This reduces the platform span between the supporting members in a longitudinal direction. As thus set in, the spans between the tubular elements in the 48" direction will be 12 each, whereas in the 32" direction they will be 7" each. The height of the openings and passageways will be equivalent to the height of the tubular elements, that is 3%". The openings thus have adequate width and height to accommodate the forks of conventional lift trucks, but the openings l1, l8, 2i, 22 on the longer sides conventionally used for lifting, being slightly wider, that is 12", thereby permitting less accuracy in approach on those sides. Four-way operation is, moreover, permitted by the presence of the intersecting '7" parallel passageways leading from openings l5, i6, i9, 20 and running longitudinally of the platform.

By the use of the hollow tubular members, therefore, support is provided over a relatively large'area f the platform to minimize the intervening span of the platform, but the expense is kept low due both to the hollow nature of the tubular elements and to their cylindrical shape. With such structure, I have found that the platform [0 need not have the rigidity of wood planking, but may be of relatively lightweight material such as the corrugated paper previously suggested, it being unnecessary for the material constituting the spans to have such rigidity because the spacing of the supporting members is such that either individual units of the load will extend across the spans and be directly supported by two or more supporting members or else the weight of units directly supported by the supporting members so anchor the corrugated paper and tension the material constituting the spans that intervening units not directly supported by the supporting members do not collapse the platform. Thus, in the platform shown in the drawing, in the 32" direction, the aggregate of the maximum widths (outside diameters) of the supporting members is 3x6"=18", which constitutes more than one-half of the lateral 32" dimension of the platform; whereas in the 48" direction, the aggregate of the maximum lengths (outside diameters) of the supporting members is 18" which constitutes exactly half of the distance between the centers of the outside rows of supporting members. At the same time, the extent of each supporting member laterally and longitudinally, being greater than its height, provides good resistance to toppling.

As previously stated, highly satisfactory supporting members may be formed of fiberboard and may consist, for example, of adhesively laminated convolutions formed from seven 5 widths of paper wound in overlapping relation on a mandrel spirally of the axis of the tube, for example at an angle of about 30 to a plane perpendicular to the axis, to a wall thickness of 1"; to A", each paper sheet having a caliper of .020 to 0.038", the whole when transversely cut forming one-piece open-ended units having endless walls of continuous laminated sheet material. Such tubes in thickness, 3%" height and 6" outside diameter weigh something less than 5 ounces each, so that a total platform can be built which weighs only 6 to 6 pounds even when the wall thickness of the supporting members is A". Each individual 1%" thick unit has been found to withstand a static load up to 1500 pounds without collapsing, and a platform such as shown in Fig. 1 and described herein. Properly loaded, has withstood, without collapse, a static load of over 5 tons, a tremendous and surprising carrying capacity considering the amount and .character of material contained in the structure,

and considering that they can be made available to shippers at about /5 to A; the cost of wooden platforms of the type now available which do not even provide four-way'entry. It is contemfor the fiberboard where 'collapse.

plated, however, that other fibrous or non-fibrous, non-metallic or metallic sheet material or resin bonded or molded material can be substituted cost is not a major factor. I

' The outstanding utility of platforms of this invention thus results from their unique structure which requires an exceedingly low amount and weight of material per unit of load carrying capacity. Usually, fork lift platforms of this invention have a ratio of static load carrying capacity in pounds to total weight in pounds of the order of 1500 to 1 or more, and preferably always exceeding 1000 to 1, and have overall weights of the order of 6 to 8 pounds and not exceedin about 12 pounds. In general, the tubular elements have outside wall thicknesses, at least at the point of minimum thickness, of not more than it of their greatest outside dimension.

With respect to the tubular elements, for minimum cost and minimum material use for a given strength, particularly against lateral collapse, cylinders are especially recommended, but other forms, with probable increased cost and/or weight, may be utilized. In the absence of reinforcing elements, as hereinafter described, the tubular elements should, however, for maximum resistance to lateral collapse, have for a given wall thickness at least substantially the resistance to lateral collapse inherent in tubular elements of uniform or non-uniform circular crosssection and/or diameter having the same wall thickness. and include tubular walls having continuously curved or at least intermittently curved or reversely curved or high polygonal cross-sections arranged, preferably, like a cylinder, symmetrically about the axis or substantially so. If the tubular elements are rectangular in shape, reinforcing elements are essential to avert lateral The compressive and lateral strength of platforms of this invention may be varied merely by varying the thickness of the walls of the supporting members If. The invention therefore provides a platform which can be readily modifled in cost to suit particular requirements.

In some cases where unusual amounts of pushing and sliding may occur, or where stacking is contemplated, the supporting members may be provided with bases 26 as of chipboard or other material, adhesively secured across the bottom face of each tube, as shown in Fig. 5. In some instances these base members 26 may be waterproofed as byimpregnating the material or, if desired, the supporting members may be capped with a metallic or non-metallic flanged ca 28 such as shown in Fig. 7. These act also to improve resistance to lateral collapse and/or may be useful to resist water damage.

For unusually heavy duty, a platform of this invention may be given added capacity or margins of safety, by fitting into the tubular members or hollow sleeves, internal reinforcing elements. For example, as shown in Fig. 7, a strip 30 of'fiberboard, corrugated paper, chipboard, pressed wood, wood, plywood or other strengthening material of substantially less volume than the bore of the sleeve and of dissimilar shape, and for example of 1 s" or more thickness depending upon the reinforcement desired, may be fitted, wedged, or adhesively or otherwise secured diametrically of the sleeve. Or an X-shaped element 32 of slotted, intermeshed and interlocked strips may be similarly placed, as shown in Fig. 8.

' These strips can be made of the same type of materials as the element 30 of Fig. '7.

In some cases. decidedly greater support may be secured by utilizing more than nine tubular elements. In Fig. 9, thirteen are shown, each corner. containing a supporting member composed of two hollow cylinders aligned along the long dimension of the platform. By setting eight of the cylinders 14 out flush with the edges of the platform In, four inside extra hollow cylinders Ila may be affixed tothe platform. If these elements 14a are of identical size with those used in the platform of Fig. 1, the width of the lateral parallel passageways will be cut down from 12 to 9" each, but will remain adequate for normal fork lift truck use. The addition of these four extra elements will, however, add to the cost of the item When devices of this. invention are likely to be exposed to outdoor weather conditions. it may be advisable and it is within the contemplation of this invention to treata portion or all of the structure, if made of paper or other absorbent material, to render it, or parts of it, waterproof or water-resistant as by the application thereto or impregnation thereof of water-repellent materials of types known to the art, such as resins, natural or synthetic rubbers, inorganic silicates, bituminous materials, coal tars or other pitches or insolubilized glues.

I claim:

1. A portable materials handling accessory adapted for use in lift truck operation comprising a platform and a plurality of spaced supporting members elevating said platform and defining therebetween openings for lift truck entry beneath said platform, said supporting members comprising rigid paperboard tubes aflixed beneath said platform with the axes of the bores of said tubes disposed normal to the plane of said platform, each of said supporting members extending both laterally and longitudinally of said platform a distance at least as great as the height of the member and the bore of each tube being of a width at least as great as the thickness of the wall of the tube.

2. A portable materials handling accessory adapted for use in lift truck operations comprising a platform and a plurality of spaced supporting members elevating said platform and defining therebetween openings of greater width than height for lift truck entry beneath said platform, said supporting members comprising rigid cylindrical paperboard tubes aflixed beneath said platform with the axes of the bores of said tubes disposed normal to the plane of said platform, and each of said tubes having a bore of greater diameter than the minimum radial thickness of the wall of the tube.

3. A portable materials handling accessory adapted for use in lift truck operations comprising a paperboard platform and a plurality of spaced supporting members elevating said platform and defining therebetween openings of greater width than height for lift truck entry beneath said platform, said supporting members comprising rigid cylindrical paperboard tubes of chipboard wound spirally of the axes of the tubes afiixed beneath said platform with the axes of the bores of said tubes disposed normal to the plane of said platform, and each of said tubes having an external diameter at least as great as the height of the tube and a bore of greater .5

radial thickness of diameter than the minimum the wall of the tube.

- 7 t '8 4. A portable materials handling accessory vltltlEltltltlCllS CITED adapted for use in lift truck'operations comprisr as I cord in the ing a platform and a pluralityot spaced supporty}; ifig sgigg cm are of e ing members elevating said platform and defining therebetween openings leading to' unobstructed 5 UNITED STATES PATENTS open-bottomed passageways of greater width Number Name Date than height for i t u k entry beneath said plat- 647,873 Perry Am 17, 1900 o said s ti g embers comprising rigid 1,141,067 Lloyd my 25, 1915 paperboard tubes ailixed beneath said platform 1,420,082 Dowd June 20, 1922 with the axes of the bores of said tubes disposed 10 1,947,163 potter path 13' 1934 normal to the P e, of s i plat orm, the walls 4 2,372,055. 3mm Man 20 1945 of said tubes being solid and the bore 01' each tube being of a width at least as great as the thick- FOREIGN PATENTS ness of the wall of the tube and separate caps ex- Number Country 0 Date tending across the bottom faces of the tubes, 15 275,448 Italy June 28, 1930 s NORMAN L. CAHNERS.

US661556A 1945-07-14 1946-04-12 Expendable platform Expired - Lifetime US2444184A (en)

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US605059A US2444183A (en) 1945-07-14 1945-07-14 Fiberboard portable platform
US661556A US2444184A (en) 1945-07-14 1946-04-12 Expendable platform

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Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2493562A (en) * 1947-04-04 1950-01-03 Ohio Boxboard Co Loading pallet
US2507588A (en) * 1947-01-29 1950-05-16 Pallet Devices Inc Load supporting pallet
US2544657A (en) * 1947-09-05 1951-03-13 Walton W Cushman Pallet
US2594287A (en) * 1949-01-17 1952-04-29 Pallet Devices Inc Pallet container assembly for shipping articles
US2607475A (en) * 1949-08-03 1952-08-19 Pallet Devices Inc Palletized shipping structure
US2633982A (en) * 1949-07-14 1953-04-07 Addison Semmes Corp Shipping package and pallet means
US2665807A (en) * 1950-04-18 1954-01-12 Pallet Devices Inc Load supporting palletized container
US2673052A (en) * 1950-12-14 1954-03-23 Pulp Reproduction Company Molded pulp pallet support
US2691499A (en) * 1950-04-03 1954-10-12 Fleming & Sons Inc Load supporting pallet
US2738153A (en) * 1952-03-29 1956-03-13 Signode Steel Strapping Co Composite pallet
US2996276A (en) * 1958-08-21 1961-08-15 Union Bag Camp Paper Corp Die cut pallet and method of making
DE976385C (en) * 1951-03-23 1963-08-01 Continental Gummi Werke Ag Flurfoerdergeraet
US3107635A (en) * 1962-10-18 1963-10-22 Martin G Kaiser Pallet support
US3168879A (en) * 1963-09-03 1965-02-09 Jr Alexander B Clark Pallet structure and method of palletizing
US4208971A (en) * 1976-03-02 1980-06-24 Persson Nils G W Loading pallet
US4395808A (en) * 1981-07-22 1983-08-02 Signode Corporation Spacer unit
DE4405169A1 (en) * 1994-02-18 1995-08-24 Idea Productservice Gmbh Pallet for transporting one=piece items
US5487344A (en) * 1994-01-07 1996-01-30 Miriam M. Benson Block pallet construction using corrugated sheet materials
FR2870825A1 (en) * 2004-05-25 2005-12-02 Laurent Boussena Pallet for supporting import goods, has rectangular panel made of cardboard, and cardboard support terminal constituted by square and rectangular terminals which constitute lower part of pallet
FR2874594A1 (en) * 2004-09-01 2006-03-03 Papeteries Et Cartonneries Lac Handling pallet, mixed, with recyclable and reusable elements
US20090236809A1 (en) * 2008-03-19 2009-09-24 Ds Smith Plastics Limited Dolly
US20100175595A1 (en) * 2007-05-29 2010-07-15 Wim Grietens Pallet made of massive cardboard

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US647873A (en) * 1900-02-03 1900-04-17 Edward L Perry Mat or cushion for sliding-poles.
US1141067A (en) * 1914-03-10 1915-05-25 Elyria Iron & Steel Company Reinforced tubing.
US1420082A (en) * 1921-11-03 1922-06-20 Royal Typewriter Co Inc Sound-muffling pad for typewriting machines
US1947168A (en) * 1930-05-29 1934-02-13 Container Corp Display stand
US2372055A (en) * 1944-02-14 1945-03-20 Robert H Braun Pallet

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US647873A (en) * 1900-02-03 1900-04-17 Edward L Perry Mat or cushion for sliding-poles.
US1141067A (en) * 1914-03-10 1915-05-25 Elyria Iron & Steel Company Reinforced tubing.
US1420082A (en) * 1921-11-03 1922-06-20 Royal Typewriter Co Inc Sound-muffling pad for typewriting machines
US1947168A (en) * 1930-05-29 1934-02-13 Container Corp Display stand
US2372055A (en) * 1944-02-14 1945-03-20 Robert H Braun Pallet

Cited By (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2507588A (en) * 1947-01-29 1950-05-16 Pallet Devices Inc Load supporting pallet
US2493562A (en) * 1947-04-04 1950-01-03 Ohio Boxboard Co Loading pallet
US2544657A (en) * 1947-09-05 1951-03-13 Walton W Cushman Pallet
US2594287A (en) * 1949-01-17 1952-04-29 Pallet Devices Inc Pallet container assembly for shipping articles
US2633982A (en) * 1949-07-14 1953-04-07 Addison Semmes Corp Shipping package and pallet means
US2607475A (en) * 1949-08-03 1952-08-19 Pallet Devices Inc Palletized shipping structure
US2691499A (en) * 1950-04-03 1954-10-12 Fleming & Sons Inc Load supporting pallet
US2665807A (en) * 1950-04-18 1954-01-12 Pallet Devices Inc Load supporting palletized container
US2673052A (en) * 1950-12-14 1954-03-23 Pulp Reproduction Company Molded pulp pallet support
DE976385C (en) * 1951-03-23 1963-08-01 Continental Gummi Werke Ag Flurfoerdergeraet
US2738153A (en) * 1952-03-29 1956-03-13 Signode Steel Strapping Co Composite pallet
US2996276A (en) * 1958-08-21 1961-08-15 Union Bag Camp Paper Corp Die cut pallet and method of making
US3107635A (en) * 1962-10-18 1963-10-22 Martin G Kaiser Pallet support
US3168879A (en) * 1963-09-03 1965-02-09 Jr Alexander B Clark Pallet structure and method of palletizing
US4208971A (en) * 1976-03-02 1980-06-24 Persson Nils G W Loading pallet
US4395808A (en) * 1981-07-22 1983-08-02 Signode Corporation Spacer unit
US5487344A (en) * 1994-01-07 1996-01-30 Miriam M. Benson Block pallet construction using corrugated sheet materials
DE4405169A1 (en) * 1994-02-18 1995-08-24 Idea Productservice Gmbh Pallet for transporting one=piece items
FR2870825A1 (en) * 2004-05-25 2005-12-02 Laurent Boussena Pallet for supporting import goods, has rectangular panel made of cardboard, and cardboard support terminal constituted by square and rectangular terminals which constitute lower part of pallet
FR2874594A1 (en) * 2004-09-01 2006-03-03 Papeteries Et Cartonneries Lac Handling pallet, mixed, with recyclable and reusable elements
EP1632434A1 (en) * 2004-09-01 2006-03-08 Papeteries et Cartonneries Lacaux Freres SA Handling pallet, mixed, with recyclable and reusable elements
US20100175595A1 (en) * 2007-05-29 2010-07-15 Wim Grietens Pallet made of massive cardboard
US20090236809A1 (en) * 2008-03-19 2009-09-24 Ds Smith Plastics Limited Dolly
US8403344B2 (en) 2008-03-19 2013-03-26 Ds Smith Plastics Limited Dolly

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