US2443461A - Teeth cleaning and polishing applicator - Google Patents

Teeth cleaning and polishing applicator Download PDF

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Publication number
US2443461A
US2443461A US68755346A US2443461A US 2443461 A US2443461 A US 2443461A US 68755346 A US68755346 A US 68755346A US 2443461 A US2443461 A US 2443461A
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Prior art keywords
applicator
teeth
portions
teeth cleaning
wall
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George A Kempster
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George A Kempster
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A46BRUSHWARE
    • A46BBRUSHES
    • A46B15/00Other brushes; Brushes with additional arrangements
    • A46B15/0002Arrangements for enhancing monitoring or controlling the brushing process
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A46BRUSHWARE
    • A46BBRUSHES
    • A46B1/00Brush bodies and bristles moulded as a unit
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A46BRUSHWARE
    • A46BBRUSHES
    • A46B15/00Other brushes; Brushes with additional arrangements
    • A46B15/0002Arrangements for enhancing monitoring or controlling the brushing process
    • A46B15/0016Arrangements for enhancing monitoring or controlling the brushing process with enhancing means
    • A46B15/0032Arrangements for enhancing monitoring or controlling the brushing process with enhancing means with protrusion for polishing teeth
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A46BRUSHWARE
    • A46BBRUSHES
    • A46B2200/00Brushes characterized by their functions, uses or applications
    • A46B2200/10For human or animal care
    • A46B2200/1066Toothbrush for cleaning the teeth or dentures

Description

June 15, 1948. G. A. KEMPSTER U ,443,

TEETH CLEANING AND POLISHING APPLICATOR Fil ed Aug. 1, 1946 I v I I 11 II |K\\ \\v\\i\18/ I 14 5 10 v 2 .30 5 1 r F??? 1 w l W l i 1: (III/ll l/ll l/l /l l///////I/I///;//A

P all mmvroa.

Patented June 15, 1948 *TEETHGEEANING AND PoL snmic:

APPLICATORZ George A. Kempster, Ashland, Mass.

Application August 1, 1946, Serial No. 687,553

2 Claims.

This invention relates to an instrument to treat the teeth by cleaning and polishing them, being an improvement upon the device disclosed in my pending patent application Serial No. 616,531, filing date September 15, 1945.

The principal object of my invention is to provide such an instrument that is exceptionally well adapted to its purposes because it fits around and between the various uneven surfaces of the teeth to be cleaned and polished.

A further object is to provide such an instrument that has portions corresponding in shape to the gingival curvature and surfaces of the teeth.

Another object is to provide tines spaced at intervals corresponding to the intervals between the teeth.

A further object is to so construct said instrument that it is economical to manufacture and simple and convenient to use.

The foregoing and other objects which will appear as the nature of the invention is better understood, may be accomplished by a construction such as is disclosed by the drawings and specification. The nature of the invention is such as to render it susceptible to changes and modifications, and, therefore, I am not to be limited to said disclosure; but am entitled to all such changes therefrom as fall within the scope of my claims.

In the drawings:

Figure 1 is a perspective view of one form of my instrument.

Figure 2 is a top plan view thereof.

Figure 3 is a sectional view taken on the line 3-3 of Figure 2.

Figure 4 is a top plan view of another form of my invention.

Figure 5 is a sectional View taken on the line 55 of Figure 4.

Figure 6 is a perspective view of the instrument shown in Figures 4 and 5.

As illustrated, my instrument has a handle I and preferably formed integral therewith is a holder portion l2 at one end. Some form of plastic or rubber composition is suitable to form said handle with said holder portion, although the latter could be formed separately and united to said handle I0.

Attached to said holder portion I2 is an applicator I4 which may be affixed mechanically or cemented or fused to said holder portion I2 or a separate joining member may be used that adheres to both. This applicator I4 is of open vessel shape having a base portion I next to and afilxed to said holder portion I2 and an endless 2 wall I6. Said applicator I4 is preferably oblongshaped.

Said applicator I4 has various portions I8 integral with each other which constitute said endless wall I6, the outer edge extremity having raised edge portions I9 and depressed edge portions preferably similar to the contour of a persons gums at the neck of his teeth.

The bodies or side area of said portions I8may be somewhat convex-shaped in top plan view whereby they curve laterally outward at their intermediate portions, as at 2|, and then inwardly where said portions I8 meet, as at 22, which construction is illustrated in said Figures 4 and 6. Since the outer surfaces of a persons teeth are irregular, it is effective and eflicient to so form said applicator I4 that in use it reaches into depressed and elevated portions which are ordinarily inaccessible, thus giving the teeth a thorough cleaning.

The base portion I5 of said applicator may also be irregular, some parts extending lower as at 25 and some higher as at 26.

By forming the wall of said vessel as described a very practical instrument is provided which has a naturalness of appearance that makes its adaptability for use on ones teeth apparent to every user of a toothbrush.

To make the cleaning and, polishing more effective I may provide said vessel with flexible tines 28 which extend from said wall I6 into the interior of said applicator I4 as shown in said Figures 4, 5 and 6. Said tines 28 terminate before reaching the central longitudinal axial line of said applicator hence they are spaced laterally from each other, thus permitting them to move freely when they contact the gums and teeth. Said tines 28 preferably extend from the points 22 where said portions I8 merge which correspond to the intervals between the teeth.

At the front end of said applicator I4 an inwardly extending thickened portion 30 is shown in said Figures 4, 5 and 6 which is especially adapted to clean and polish a single, small tooth.

What I claim is:

1. A device of the class described comprising a handle portion carrying an applicator portion in the form of an open vessel having a bottom and an upstanding endless wall, the outer side portions of such wall being in the form of the surfaces of a plurality of teeth side by side, the upper edge of each tooth portion being upwardly convex and approximating the contour of the gingival curvature.

2. A device of the class described, comprising a handle portion carrying an applicator portion in the form of an open vessel having a bottom and an upstanding endless wall, the outer side portions of such wall being in the form of the surfaces of a plurality of teeth side by side, the upper edge of each tooth portion being upwardly convex and approximating the contour of the gingival curvature, said wall having flexible tines extending inwardly. therefrom at the junctures of the adjacent toothlike wall portions, the inner extremities of said tines being spaced from each other and the lower extremities of the tines being affixed to the bottom of the applicator.

GEORGE A. KEMPSTER.

REFERENCES CITED The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS Number Name Date 1,818,146 Maker Aug. 11, 1931 1,910,414 Varga May 23, 1933 2,042,239 Planding May 26, 1936 2,059,914 Rosenberg Oct. 3, 1936 2,117,174 Jones May 10, 1938 2,253,210 Psiharis Aug. 19, 1941

US2443461A 1946-08-01 1946-08-01 Teeth cleaning and polishing applicator Expired - Lifetime US2443461A (en)

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Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20020084550A1 (en) * 1995-11-09 2002-07-04 Michael Roberts Gum-massaging oral brush
US6571417B1 (en) * 1999-06-11 2003-06-03 James Albert Gavney, Jr. Dentition cleaning device and system
US6658688B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2003-12-09 James A. Gavney, Jr. Squeegee device and system
US20040060136A1 (en) * 2002-09-27 2004-04-01 Gatzemeyer John J. Power toothbrush and power source
US20040255427A1 (en) * 1999-06-11 2004-12-23 Gavney James A. Aquatic scrubber
US20040261207A1 (en) * 2002-11-09 2004-12-30 Gavney James A. Squeegee device and system
US20050000048A1 (en) * 2002-09-20 2005-01-06 Colgate-Palmolive Company Toothbrush
US20050015901A1 (en) * 1999-06-11 2005-01-27 Gavney James A. Oral-care device and system
US6859969B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2005-03-01 James A. Gavney, Jr. Multi-directional wiping elements and device using the same
US20050049155A1 (en) * 1999-06-11 2005-03-03 Gavney James A. Oral-care device and system
US6865767B1 (en) 2000-06-05 2005-03-15 James A. Gavney, Jr. Device with multi-structural contact elements
US20050102783A1 (en) * 2002-09-27 2005-05-19 Colgate-Palmolive Company Toothbrush
US20050273954A1 (en) * 1999-06-11 2005-12-15 Gavney James A Jr Device and system with moving squeegee fields
US7047589B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2006-05-23 Gavney Jr James A Dentition cleaning device and system
US20060230563A1 (en) * 2000-09-19 2006-10-19 Gavney James A Jr Oral care device with multi-structural contact elements
US20060236478A1 (en) * 2002-09-20 2006-10-26 Colgate-Palmolive Company Toothbrush
US7434288B2 (en) 2000-09-19 2008-10-14 Gavney Jr James A Oral care device with multi-structural contact elements
US7707676B2 (en) 1999-06-14 2010-05-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Toothbrush
US7814603B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2010-10-19 Gavney Jr James A Powered toothbrush with polishing elements
US7877833B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2011-02-01 Gavney Jr James A Oral-care device and system
US7934284B2 (en) 2003-02-11 2011-05-03 Braun Gmbh Toothbrushes
US7941886B2 (en) 2003-09-19 2011-05-17 Braun Gmbh Toothbrushes
US20110219556A1 (en) * 2002-09-20 2011-09-15 Colgate-Palmolive Company Oral care implement
US8141194B2 (en) 2002-11-09 2012-03-27 Gavney Jr James A Absorbent structures with integrated contact elements
US8276231B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2012-10-02 Gavney Jr James A Oral-care device and system
US8584299B2 (en) 2003-04-23 2013-11-19 The Procter & Gamble Company Electric toothbrushes
US8595886B2 (en) 2010-06-16 2013-12-03 Dr. Fresh, Llc Bristle configuration

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US1818146A (en) * 1925-02-02 1931-08-11 John A Maker Gum massaging device
US1910414A (en) * 1931-03-19 1933-05-23 Varga Imre Tooth cleaning appliance with resilient cleaning members
US2042239A (en) * 1934-01-18 1936-05-26 Andrew J Planding Tooth brush
US2059914A (en) * 1935-07-18 1936-11-03 Henry D Kane Tooth brush
US2117174A (en) * 1936-11-13 1938-05-10 James M Jones Tooth brush
US2253210A (en) * 1941-08-19 Gum massage device

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2253210A (en) * 1941-08-19 Gum massage device
US1818146A (en) * 1925-02-02 1931-08-11 John A Maker Gum massaging device
US1910414A (en) * 1931-03-19 1933-05-23 Varga Imre Tooth cleaning appliance with resilient cleaning members
US2042239A (en) * 1934-01-18 1936-05-26 Andrew J Planding Tooth brush
US2059914A (en) * 1935-07-18 1936-11-03 Henry D Kane Tooth brush
US2117174A (en) * 1936-11-13 1938-05-10 James M Jones Tooth brush

Cited By (71)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20020084550A1 (en) * 1995-11-09 2002-07-04 Michael Roberts Gum-massaging oral brush
US20050086753A1 (en) * 1995-11-09 2005-04-28 Gillette Canada, A Canadian Corporation Gum massaging oral brush
US7743448B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2010-06-29 Gavney Jr James A Device and system with moving squeegee fields
US6658688B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2003-12-09 James A. Gavney, Jr. Squeegee device and system
US20040031115A1 (en) * 1999-06-11 2004-02-19 Gavney James A. Squeegee device and system
US9168116B2 (en) * 1999-06-11 2015-10-27 Gavney Jr James Albert Oral-care device and system
US20040221409A1 (en) * 1999-06-11 2004-11-11 Gavney James A. Squeegee device and system
US6820299B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2004-11-23 James A. Gavney, Jr. Dentition cleaning device and system
US20030140440A1 (en) * 1999-06-11 2003-07-31 Gavney James A. Dentition cleaning device and system
US20040231082A1 (en) * 1999-06-11 2004-11-25 Gavney James A. Dentition cleaning device and system
US20040231076A1 (en) * 1999-06-11 2004-11-25 Gavney James A. Dentition cleaning device and system
US20040237236A1 (en) * 1999-06-11 2004-12-02 Gavney James A. Squeegee device and system
US20040255427A1 (en) * 1999-06-11 2004-12-23 Gavney James A. Aquatic scrubber
US20140201932A1 (en) * 1999-06-11 2014-07-24 James Albert Gavney, Jr. Oral-care device and system
US20090249565A1 (en) * 1999-06-11 2009-10-08 Gavney Jr James A Oral-care device and system
US20050015901A1 (en) * 1999-06-11 2005-01-27 Gavney James A. Oral-care device and system
US6859969B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2005-03-01 James A. Gavney, Jr. Multi-directional wiping elements and device using the same
US20050049155A1 (en) * 1999-06-11 2005-03-03 Gavney James A. Oral-care device and system
US7562411B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2009-07-21 Gavney Jr James A Oral-care device and system
US6571417B1 (en) * 1999-06-11 2003-06-03 James Albert Gavney, Jr. Dentition cleaning device and system
US7814603B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2010-10-19 Gavney Jr James A Powered toothbrush with polishing elements
US8276233B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2012-10-02 Gavney Jr James A Multi-directional wiping elements and device using the same
US8276231B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2012-10-02 Gavney Jr James A Oral-care device and system
US6944903B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2005-09-20 Gavney Jr James A Dentition cleaning device and system
US20050273954A1 (en) * 1999-06-11 2005-12-15 Gavney James A Jr Device and system with moving squeegee fields
US7363675B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2008-04-29 Gavney Jr James A Squeegee device and system
US7047589B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2006-05-23 Gavney Jr James A Dentition cleaning device and system
US7051394B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2006-05-30 Gavney Jr James A Dentition cleaning device and system
US7069615B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2006-07-04 Gavney Jr James A Squeegee device and system
US8141192B2 (en) * 1999-06-11 2012-03-27 Gavney Jr James A Oral-care device and system
US6820300B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2004-11-23 James A. Gavney, Jr. Squeegee device and system
US7975339B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2011-07-12 Gavney Jr James A Aquatic scrubber
US7877833B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2011-02-01 Gavney Jr James A Oral-care device and system
US20060021170A1 (en) * 1999-06-11 2006-02-02 Gavney James A Jr Squeegee device and system
US7181799B2 (en) 1999-06-11 2007-02-27 Eegee, Llc Oral-care device and system
US8332985B2 (en) 1999-06-14 2012-12-18 The Procter & Gamble Company Toothbrush
US8060970B2 (en) 1999-06-14 2011-11-22 The Procter & Gamble Company Toothbrush
US7707676B2 (en) 1999-06-14 2010-05-04 The Procter & Gamble Company Toothbrush
US6865767B1 (en) 2000-06-05 2005-03-15 James A. Gavney, Jr. Device with multi-structural contact elements
US20060230563A1 (en) * 2000-09-19 2006-10-19 Gavney James A Jr Oral care device with multi-structural contact elements
US7434288B2 (en) 2000-09-19 2008-10-14 Gavney Jr James A Oral care device with multi-structural contact elements
US7814604B2 (en) 2000-09-19 2010-10-19 Gavney Jr James A Device with multi-structural contact elements
US7975343B2 (en) 2002-09-20 2011-07-12 Colgate-Palmolive Company Toothbrush
US9655436B2 (en) 2002-09-20 2017-05-23 Colgate—Palmolive Company Oral care implement
US8800091B2 (en) 2002-09-20 2014-08-12 Colgate-Palmolive Company Oral care implement
US20050000048A1 (en) * 2002-09-20 2005-01-06 Colgate-Palmolive Company Toothbrush
US8522386B2 (en) 2002-09-20 2013-09-03 Colgate-Palmolive Company Oral care implement
US7089621B2 (en) 2002-09-20 2006-08-15 Colgate-Palmolive Company Toothbrush
US20110219556A1 (en) * 2002-09-20 2011-09-15 Colgate-Palmolive Company Oral care implement
US7962991B2 (en) 2002-09-20 2011-06-21 Colgate-Palmolive Company Toothbrush
US20060236478A1 (en) * 2002-09-20 2006-10-26 Colgate-Palmolive Company Toothbrush
US9872558B2 (en) 2002-09-20 2018-01-23 Colgate-Palmolive Company Oral care implement
US20050102783A1 (en) * 2002-09-27 2005-05-19 Colgate-Palmolive Company Toothbrush
US7168125B2 (en) 2002-09-27 2007-01-30 Colgate-Palmolive Company Toothbrush
US7213288B2 (en) 2002-09-27 2007-05-08 Colgate-Palmolive Company Toothbrush
US20040060136A1 (en) * 2002-09-27 2004-04-01 Gatzemeyer John J. Power toothbrush and power source
US7954191B2 (en) 2002-09-27 2011-06-07 Colgate-Palmolive Company Toothbrush
US20050166342A1 (en) * 2002-09-27 2005-08-04 Colgate-Palmolive Company Toothbrush
US20050102780A1 (en) * 2002-09-27 2005-05-19 Colgate-Palmolive Company Toothbrush
US7137163B2 (en) 2002-09-27 2006-11-21 Colgate-Palmolive Company Power toothbrush and power source
US8141194B2 (en) 2002-11-09 2012-03-27 Gavney Jr James A Absorbent structures with integrated contact elements
US20040261207A1 (en) * 2002-11-09 2004-12-30 Gavney James A. Squeegee device and system
US7958589B2 (en) 2003-02-11 2011-06-14 The Gillette Company Toothbrushes
US7934284B2 (en) 2003-02-11 2011-05-03 Braun Gmbh Toothbrushes
US8695149B2 (en) 2003-02-11 2014-04-15 Braun Gmbh Toothbrushes
US20110173765A1 (en) * 2003-02-11 2011-07-21 The Gillette Company Toothbrushes
US8955186B2 (en) 2003-04-23 2015-02-17 The Procter & Gamble Company Electric toothbrushes
US8584299B2 (en) 2003-04-23 2013-11-19 The Procter & Gamble Company Electric toothbrushes
US7941886B2 (en) 2003-09-19 2011-05-17 Braun Gmbh Toothbrushes
US9198501B2 (en) 2010-06-16 2015-12-01 Dr. Fresh, Llc Bristle configuration
US8595886B2 (en) 2010-06-16 2013-12-03 Dr. Fresh, Llc Bristle configuration

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