US2436593A - Combined curb and sewer - Google Patents

Combined curb and sewer Download PDF

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Publication number
US2436593A
US2436593A US55796244A US2436593A US 2436593 A US2436593 A US 2436593A US 55796244 A US55796244 A US 55796244A US 2436593 A US2436593 A US 2436593A
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Prior art keywords
sewer
body
curb
drain
units
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Expired - Lifetime
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Herman G Moselowitz
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Herman G Moselowitz
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C11/00Details of pavings
    • E01C11/22Gutters; Kerbs ; Surface drainage of streets, roads or like traffic areas
    • E01C11/221Kerbs or like edging members, e.g. flush kerbs, shoulder retaining means ; Joint members, connecting or load-transfer means specially for kerbs

Description

Feb. 24, 1948. H. G, MOSELWITZ I 2,436,593

COMBINED CURB AND SEWER Filed Oct. lo,` 1944 2 Sheets-'Sheet 1 7 3 INVENTOR f5 HERMAN G. /l//asa onf/rz,

v ATTORNEYS Feb. 24, 194.8. H.' G'. MoSEL-Qvwlz 2,435,593

' GOMBINEDYCURB- AND SEWER Filed oct. 1 0. 1944 `2 sheets-sheet 2 C v mwmmx B maa .l ATTO RN EYS Patented Feb. 24, 1948 .Param Ff-Fflcfl:

I2,436,593 fcoMmNED- oURBnND SEWER Herman G. Moselowitm'New Brunswick,N..fJ. nppucanomociober 1o, 1944;. seriai-Nn. 5571,962

ICl..9431) This inventioirrelatestd improvementsin road'- way fdrainsandhasparticnlanrfereneef-tofa'com; bned curb and sewer. i

@ne of theimportantfeatures'offthe invention *resides in-a-'con`ibined curbeandrsewerconstrucan operitopidisposediiushiwiththefsurfaceofthe L `ground, the open top -beilrgfcovere'dby removable grating sectionsfto wfacilitatedaisy-access lto'the `interior off'Ar the f sewerSfor-fci'eaningipurposes;and

whi'clngrating serves-as^`asidewalk-wlierr the `curb and, sewer is used along. roadways.

:Another feature of thel inventionj is "tof provide Ya combined curbandf'sewerunit whichreceives 44and 'carries awaywaterdrained froma roadway 4or aireld runwaythere. 'being means' incertain units' for. sub=surface drainage` whenirequired.'

A 'further' feature of; they invention is I .the pro- 'visionv fa"drainage" sewerunitin' whichthe flow trough' therein is roundedonian-arcastruckfrom :.afsingle "a'Xisto" n'dncetheifreeiiow 'oflwaterxan'd isolidsr therethrough andto .enabierthomu'ghcleanf `ing.: =should gilt accumulate therein'.

Other 'novelfeatures ofthe invention will become apparent as the followingfspeciicationis readinconiunction with theaccompanying drawings in' which,

Figure 1 is.niperspective-fviewcf a curb and sewer constructed in accordance with my inveni-tlon,onef-of1 the f'cover/vsections 'abing-fseparated from its body section.

Figure :2i-is;a-fve.rtiea1` transversetfsect-ional view taken through an airplane runway equipped with the improved curb and sewer-construction fFigure is `-a-detail nvertical"rsectional view ithriough the jointbetween'v` t'wosiewer fand 'scurb v`uni s. f

Figure 5 isa-'verticali translersersectional view taken through a roadway equipped withtthe im proved curb and sewer-construction.

"Figure" is"an'eniargedverticaltransverse sec- 'tional view through the-curb andsewenconstruction showing-the'curb-drainage inlet.

@FigureT yis-a-vievir siniii'arctoiFigure 6 ybut showing the Vsub-surface drainage openings.

A23 "Figure 8 is lLa" perspective `view' lllustrating VL:a modie'd`V form ofv curbiand sewer'unit.

-Figure JV9 is `a perspective view of a further modied' form dfi-"curb andsewerf-unit.

Figure' 10 isfa:'-fragmentarytopfplank View Vwith Aparts broken away in section oarmo'di'edform' of cover' for the-curb Aaridllsewer unit.

Referring to the-:- drawings-hy reference characters and at present' to? Figures 21 to'? f thereof, vthe numeral I0 desgnatesfacurbvand-'storm sewer kunit constructedl in faccordance 'fw'thf my invention. The unitif I0 ispre-castor*concrete or other strong plastic `substance "'ancl'l includesl a 2- trough shape body' I'I wofia'fsuitablepredetermined?length,

and a-cover in theformofa gratingllzfforfclosing the open top of the body I I.

-The body i I I is *sbstantiallyovate' or:v horseshoe shape'v in cross=sectienand 'comprisesfal bottom wall? I 3 and upwardlycurved` 4side wallsl i14- I'IL 'The exterior-'of thebottomfwallfisfiiat'as at @I5-to facilitatelthe settingof thefunit'infan-up- `right position v"for rusev 'landfduring I storage and shipment. The topof theloody` I lv is alsoat asat I'Ea. The inner surfacev I6 of the bottomwalli lf3 is roundedon an are struck? fromasin'g-ley axis `and said y surface I-Bjonsf with the -upwardly converg ing concavely curved'innei"surf-aces If'I--I"I of the -respectivef side VVAwalls f I4-fYI'4. The `space deiined by the inner surfaces Iand'l'-#Lfrconfstitutes a water owf passage 1|8` which v"ext-ends the length `of thef body I'I. vThe"innerfsi'de-offthe side walls `Isl- I4"-adjacent the top thereof are vprovided withfopposed horizontal shoulders or -vledges IIS-I 9 which yextend 'lengthwise of the body. One of A`Vthe endsoffthefshouldersI9If9 terminate short of one end of the side vwallslll- A"I4 while the otherfendsthereof extend `beyond the other endof 'the bodyfandijoinf the free-ends of amale coupling'member intheformof acouto the Vcrossl sectionarshapeofthe'passage- I 8 and is coextensive with one end of the body II. "The zother'endof the body' I I "hasits sideV and"bottom lwalls formedv vwith a continuous internally Are- Aduced tfemale portion 2`I "which" is parallel to .the

flange 2G and in alinementtherewith. In usegthe .units Ill are placed'endtoend with'gthe'angei 2K0 offone unitfitting intothe reduced'portonll of 1a' next4 adjacent unit and with .theadjacentends ofthe'bo'dies Il ofithe unitsin abuttingerelation as' best illustrated inFigure4.

When7 thecunit. I IIJ/is` constructed oficementthe walls' thereof are prferably.reerforcdl by metal wire or'bars`22.

Certain of .the curb and sewer units I l) are protrated my invention in use along opposite sides of a concrete aireld runway A, the bottom of the units resting upon the sub-grade B. The units are connected together in end to end relation and parallel the sides of the runway A with their top y surfaces flush with the runway A. The gratings I2 close the open tops of the bodies of the units and seat upon the shoulders I9--I9. Each grating I2 is formed of concrete or other plastic material and comprises an elongated slab-like body 25 having spaced drain openings 26 therein. The grating is of a length equal to that of the body I I on which it fits, the ends of the slab body terminating in reduced offset flanges 2'I and 28. When in position, the ange 23 of one grating overlies the ange 21,of the nextI adjacent unit whereby to provide a lapping joint between the ends of adjacent gratings. Water which may drain from the runway A to oppositesides thereof will flow onto the gratings I2 and pass through the drain openings 26 into the passageway I8, from where it ows to a main sewer or-pass out through the sub-surface drain openings 23 into the subgrade B. f

In Figures 5, 6 and 7,1 have illustrated my invention as being installed along the sides of a street or roadway C, wherein the upper portions of the bodies of the units I rise above the adjacent surface level thereof to form a curb. The drain inlets 24 are flush with the adjacent surface level of the roadway to receive water which may drain Itherefrom, said water entering the passageway I8 and being carried away to a main sewer or for escape through the sub-surface drainage openings 23. In this use, the grating sections I2 may be usedas a-walk for persons walking along the roadway.

' In Figure 8 of the drawings, I have illustrated a slight modified form of my invention, wherein one end of the top of the body II is closed as at 29. The closed end of one `unit fits against the top open end of a next adjacent unit to form a rectangular opening 39 for receiving a similar shaped grating 3l.

AIn Figure 9 of the drawings, there is illustrated a furher modiication in which both ends of the open ton of the body II of each unit is closed as `at 35--35 to provide a rectangular shaped opening 33 for receiving a simi-lar shaped grating l(not shown). A

.When the units are employed along the sides of roadways, the gratings may bein the form of solid covers to provide a smooth surface on which to Walk.

In Figure there is illustrated a still further modified form in which the bodies of the units II are similar to thcseshow in Figure 1, but in which solid covers or slabs 36 cover the open top thereof. The end of each slab 39 is formed with a notch 31 and when the notches of two adjacent slabs are in complementary confronting relation to each other, a drain opening 38 is formed through 4 which water may drain into the passageway I 8.

When the units II are laid'end to end on a grade in the direction of the intended ilow of Water therethrough, it will be understood that the passageways I8 are self cleaned for any solids will be washed away with the drain water for there are no corners along the passageway in which solids may be trapped. Should manual cleaningbe necessary, the covers or gratings are removed from the tops ofthe bodies I I, thus permitting free'access to the passageway I8.

Due to the ovate shape of the body II of the unit, the same may be easily handled by rolling the same which expedites the transportation of the units and the placing of the same in position for use.

While `Iihave shown and described what I consider to be the most practical embodiments of my'invention, I wish it to be understood that such changes in construction, design and materials as come within the appended claims may be resorted to if desired without departing from the spirit of the invention. t

Having .thus described the invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. A combined curb and drain comprising a reenforced concrete elongated hollow body of horseshoe shape in cross section having a rounded inner bottom wall and curved upwardly converging opposed side walls, one of said side walls having an inwardly inclined drain inlet therein above the bottom wall thereof, opposed parallel ledges provided on the inner sides of the side walls adjacent the top thereof, and a slab-like concrete grating seated on the ledges and closing the top of said body and disposed flush with the top thereof, the body also having drain openings from the interior adjacent the bottom and additional inlets in its top.

2. A combined curb and drain unit comprising a rigid elongated body of concrete or like plastic material beingovate shape in cross section having flat top and bottom surfaces, said body having a i'low passage therein extending lengthwise thereof from end to end, the inner surface of the bottom of the iiow passage being curved on an arc struck ironia single axis, one of the side walls of the said body abovethe bottom of the passage having inlet surface drain openings therein, said body also having subsurface outlet openings leading outwardly and downwardly adjacent the bottom of said passage.

HERMAN G. MosELowrTz.

, REFERENCES CITED The following references are le of this patent:

UNITED STATES PATENTS of record in the Great Britain 1935v

US2436593A 1944-10-10 1944-10-10 Combined curb and sewer Expired - Lifetime US2436593A (en)

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Cited By (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2826393A (en) * 1954-07-21 1958-03-11 Miller Matt Vegetation restricting device for fence rows
US3221616A (en) * 1961-04-17 1965-12-07 Josam Mfg Co Interlocking grating and framing system for trench drains
US3807669A (en) * 1972-02-10 1974-04-30 All American Ind Covered cross runway channel for aircraft arresting system
DE2844748A1 (en) * 1977-10-13 1979-04-26 Poly Bauelemente Ag Entwaesserungsrinne
US4185429A (en) * 1978-07-28 1980-01-29 Salvatore Mendola Apparatus for waterproofing a basement or similar structure
EP0056238A1 (en) * 1981-01-08 1982-07-21 Otto geb. Herfeld, Heide Drainage apparatus for sports fields
US4367974A (en) * 1981-01-30 1983-01-11 West Yorkshire Metropolitan County Council Surface drainage system and cover member for use therein
EP0102746A1 (en) * 1982-08-07 1984-03-14 Charcon Limited Improvements in drainage blocks
US4560302A (en) * 1982-05-06 1985-12-24 Aco Severin Ahlmann Gmbh & Co. Kg Draining ditch for draining of roadways
US4787773A (en) * 1986-06-04 1988-11-29 Kehler Glen M Surface drainage system
US4838727A (en) * 1988-06-28 1989-06-13 Aco Polymer Products, Inc. Slotted drain conduit
US5529436A (en) * 1994-05-11 1996-06-25 Tuf-Tite, Inc. Trench drain system
US5989416A (en) * 1997-07-17 1999-11-23 Gorton; Stuart Albert Wastewater treatment system
US5997735A (en) * 1997-07-17 1999-12-07 Gorton; Stuart Albert Septic tank with downstream trickling filter
US6000881A (en) * 1998-02-17 1999-12-14 Zurn Industries, Inc. Trench drain
US20040126186A1 (en) * 2002-09-05 2004-07-01 Graber Loren R. Landscaping channel liner apparatus
US20060239773A1 (en) * 2005-04-20 2006-10-26 Meyers Theodore W Trench drain frame and grate assembly
US20070177942A1 (en) * 2006-01-31 2007-08-02 Tuf-Tite, Inc. Trench pan and grate assembly
US20080190045A1 (en) * 2007-02-12 2008-08-14 Janesky Lawrence M Subterranean chamber waterproofing system
US20100258206A1 (en) * 2009-04-10 2010-10-14 Baker Donald C Sump extension assembly for preventing suction entrapment
US20110203979A1 (en) * 2010-02-24 2011-08-25 Schlueter-Systems Kg Floor drain
US20110236133A1 (en) * 2010-03-24 2011-09-29 Eur.Ex S.R.L. Modular and easy to assemble grilled cover piece for drainage channels
US8322087B1 (en) 2012-03-27 2012-12-04 Lascano Eduardo L Modular landscape border apparatuses and systems
CN103061274A (en) * 2013-01-11 2013-04-24 米亚建筑材料(昆山)有限公司 Urban rail drainage channel
US9879422B2 (en) * 2015-10-14 2018-01-30 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Curb wall forming apparatus and method of forming a curb wall

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US399194A (en) * 1889-03-05 Street-curb and subsoil drain
US643677A (en) * 1899-10-30 1900-02-20 William D Payne Gutter.
GB190105475A (en) * 1901-03-15 1902-01-23 Arthur Daft Pogson A Footpath Trough or Gutter.
GB190313689A (en) * 1903-06-19 1904-04-21 Thomas Gilmour Improved Method of and Means for Draining and Aerating Agricultural Land, and Soil under Glass.
US1656653A (en) * 1926-06-23 1928-01-17 Keller Arthur Reginald Von Draining curbstone
GB435212A (en) * 1934-05-26 1935-09-17 William Prestwich & Sons Ltd Improvements in and relating to kerbs and drains
US2026498A (en) * 1935-12-31 Drainage system

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US399194A (en) * 1889-03-05 Street-curb and subsoil drain
US2026498A (en) * 1935-12-31 Drainage system
US643677A (en) * 1899-10-30 1900-02-20 William D Payne Gutter.
GB190105475A (en) * 1901-03-15 1902-01-23 Arthur Daft Pogson A Footpath Trough or Gutter.
GB190313689A (en) * 1903-06-19 1904-04-21 Thomas Gilmour Improved Method of and Means for Draining and Aerating Agricultural Land, and Soil under Glass.
US1656653A (en) * 1926-06-23 1928-01-17 Keller Arthur Reginald Von Draining curbstone
GB435212A (en) * 1934-05-26 1935-09-17 William Prestwich & Sons Ltd Improvements in and relating to kerbs and drains

Cited By (32)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2826393A (en) * 1954-07-21 1958-03-11 Miller Matt Vegetation restricting device for fence rows
US3221616A (en) * 1961-04-17 1965-12-07 Josam Mfg Co Interlocking grating and framing system for trench drains
US3807669A (en) * 1972-02-10 1974-04-30 All American Ind Covered cross runway channel for aircraft arresting system
DE2844748A1 (en) * 1977-10-13 1979-04-26 Poly Bauelemente Ag Entwaesserungsrinne
US4185429A (en) * 1978-07-28 1980-01-29 Salvatore Mendola Apparatus for waterproofing a basement or similar structure
EP0056238A1 (en) * 1981-01-08 1982-07-21 Otto geb. Herfeld, Heide Drainage apparatus for sports fields
US4367974A (en) * 1981-01-30 1983-01-11 West Yorkshire Metropolitan County Council Surface drainage system and cover member for use therein
US4560302A (en) * 1982-05-06 1985-12-24 Aco Severin Ahlmann Gmbh & Co. Kg Draining ditch for draining of roadways
EP0102746A1 (en) * 1982-08-07 1984-03-14 Charcon Limited Improvements in drainage blocks
US4787773A (en) * 1986-06-04 1988-11-29 Kehler Glen M Surface drainage system
US4838727A (en) * 1988-06-28 1989-06-13 Aco Polymer Products, Inc. Slotted drain conduit
US5529436A (en) * 1994-05-11 1996-06-25 Tuf-Tite, Inc. Trench drain system
US5989416A (en) * 1997-07-17 1999-11-23 Gorton; Stuart Albert Wastewater treatment system
US5997735A (en) * 1997-07-17 1999-12-07 Gorton; Stuart Albert Septic tank with downstream trickling filter
US6000881A (en) * 1998-02-17 1999-12-14 Zurn Industries, Inc. Trench drain
US6113311A (en) * 1998-02-17 2000-09-05 Zurn Industries, Inc. Trench drain
US7306402B2 (en) 2002-09-05 2007-12-11 Graber Loren R Landscaping channel liner apparatus
US20040126186A1 (en) * 2002-09-05 2004-07-01 Graber Loren R. Landscaping channel liner apparatus
US20060239773A1 (en) * 2005-04-20 2006-10-26 Meyers Theodore W Trench drain frame and grate assembly
US7413372B2 (en) 2005-04-20 2008-08-19 Tuf-Tite, Inc. Trench drain frame and grate assembly
US20070177942A1 (en) * 2006-01-31 2007-08-02 Tuf-Tite, Inc. Trench pan and grate assembly
US20080190045A1 (en) * 2007-02-12 2008-08-14 Janesky Lawrence M Subterranean chamber waterproofing system
US20100258206A1 (en) * 2009-04-10 2010-10-14 Baker Donald C Sump extension assembly for preventing suction entrapment
US9127446B2 (en) * 2010-02-24 2015-09-08 Schluter Systems L.P. Floor drain
US20110203979A1 (en) * 2010-02-24 2011-08-25 Schlueter-Systems Kg Floor drain
US9567738B2 (en) 2010-02-24 2017-02-14 Schluter Systems L.P. Floor drain
US20110236133A1 (en) * 2010-03-24 2011-09-29 Eur.Ex S.R.L. Modular and easy to assemble grilled cover piece for drainage channels
US8469631B2 (en) * 2010-03-24 2013-06-25 Eur.Ex S.R.L. Modular and easy to assemble grilled cover piece for drainage channels
US8322087B1 (en) 2012-03-27 2012-12-04 Lascano Eduardo L Modular landscape border apparatuses and systems
CN103061274A (en) * 2013-01-11 2013-04-24 米亚建筑材料(昆山)有限公司 Urban rail drainage channel
US9879422B2 (en) * 2015-10-14 2018-01-30 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Curb wall forming apparatus and method of forming a curb wall
US9982432B1 (en) 2015-10-14 2018-05-29 Illinois Tool Works Inc. Curb wall forming apparatus and method of forming a curb wall

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