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Writing paste

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Publication number
US2416145A
US2416145A US38982941A US2416145A US 2416145 A US2416145 A US 2416145A US 38982941 A US38982941 A US 38982941A US 2416145 A US2416145 A US 2416145A
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Prior art keywords
writing
paste
ball
drying
surface
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Biro Laszlo Jozsef
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Eterpen SA Financiera
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Eterpen SA Financiera
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; MISCELLANEOUS COMPOSITIONS; MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D11/00Inks
    • C09D11/16Writing inks
    • C09D11/18Writing inks specially adapted for ball-point writing instruments

Description

Patented Feb. 18, 1:147

WRITING PASTE Lassie Jozsef Biro, Buenos Aircs, Argentina, assignor, by mesne assignments, to Eterpen Sociedad Anonima Financiera, also known as Eterpen S. A., Buenos Aires, Argentina, a company of Argentina NoDrawing. Original application December 27, 1938, Serial No. 247,969, now Patent No. 2,265,055, dated December 2, 1941. Divided and this application April 23, 1941, Serial No.

3 Claims. (Cl. 10625) 'Ihis invention relates to writing materials, such as inks; dyes or the like, and more particularly to highly viscous or pasty compositions containing inks or dyes and adapted for use in fountain pens of the type having at its writing end a spherical ball rotatably mounted within an inclosure at the free end of a support having an internal longitudinal opening in communication with a reservoir for the paste located within the hollow barrel of the fountain pen or the like.

This application is a division of my application Serial No. 247,969, filed December 27, 1938, which application matured into Patent No. 2,265,055 on December 2, 1941.

The writing pastes known prior to my invention are generally unsatisfactory and cause trouble with the pen as the properties required of such pasty writing materials are such that when enclosed in the pen they should remain viscous enough to ooze or be forced toward the writing ball, and yet while being deposited on the writing surface in the act of writing should dry with considerable rapidity. Writing pastes known prior to my invention have been such as to lead to the cloeging of the ball in its inclosure owing to the drying of the paste on the exposed surface of the ball and in the gap between the ball and the wall of its inclosure. Such writing pastes as known prior to my invention have lacked the property of remaining at a suiliciently low viscosity for considerable periods of time on exposure to air as to ensure that the ball can at all times turn freely so as to convey the writing paste properly to the writing surface, and not only write satisfactorily and eiilclently but at the same time prevent the ball from clogging up, thus rendering the writing operation either impossible or unsatisfactory. My new writing paste fulfills two apparently contradictory conditions as regards its humidity content in that it enables satisfactory and continuous operation of the pen when de-' these two materials are such that they can readily be separated by physical means as, for example, by absorption into the writing surface, but will when exposed to air on a non-absorptive surface remain intheir original pasty condition so 2 that the writing ball will at all times be surrounded by a sufllciently fluid paste to enable proper delivery of the paste during writing, and will also enable the rapid drying of that portion of the writing material on the paper which has not been absorbed by the paper.

By selecting as the drying component a material which is not absorbed by the writing paper or the like, and for the non-drying component a substance readily absorbed by such writing surfaces. the components will when the paste is deposited on said surfaces in the act of writing become rapidly separated, the non-absorbing rapidly drying component remaining exposed to the air on the writing surface for quick drying, and the non-drying component absorbed into the material of the writing paper or the like. The sticky or tacky drying material may consist, for example, of a glue or any polysaccharide, and the non-drying substance may be composed of a cholesterised oil or, for example, glycerin. In general, it has been found convenient to use for the non-drying material a fatty or fat-like substance which shall at least have the properties of the fatty or greasy bodies, as I have found that such materials not only act as lubricants for the ball but satisfactorily fulfill all of the other requirements of a writing paste according to the present invention.

Purely by way of example and without myself to the specific ingredients named, the writim paste may be prepared by mixing a powdered aniline dye with glycerin in approximately equal proportions, and adding to this mixture from 35% to 40% of tacky dextrine obtained by mixing powdered dextrine with water and heating the resulting mixture. Other ingredients may be added to the paste so obtained as desired. For

example, I may add a small-amount of acetic acid to brighten the color and serve as a preservative for the paste; or, if desired, carbolic acid may ance with my invention I have provided an im-' proved writing paste suitable for use in a ball pointed fountain pen of the type referred to, while remaining sufficiently l quid on exposure to air at the surface of the ball and yet drying 'enable the use of the fountain pen for rapidly when applied to an absorbent writing surface.

jWhile I have described above a satisfactory writing paste, I wish it understood that the same is susceptible of modification and change withcomprising approximately equal proportions of aniline dye and glycerine, and from 35 to 40% of tacky dextrine obtained by mixing powdered dextrine with water and heating the mixture, whereby the glycerine will act as a lubricant for the ball and maintain the writing paste moist at the surface 01' the ball to eflect good writing and lon periods of time i'roma single filling.

i 2. A writing paste for ball pointed fountain pens, consisting of a mixture comprising approximately equal proportions of powdered aniline dye and glycerine, from 35 to 40% of tacky dextrine obtained by mixing powdered dextrine with water and heating, and a small amount 01' acetic acid.

in certain limits without departing from the 3. A writing paste adapted to be used in ball pointed fountain pens, comprising a mixture of powdered aniline dye with glycerin in approximately equal proportions, tacky dextrine in an amount ranging from 35 to 40 per cent which has been obtained from heated powdered dextrine and water, and acetic acid to brighten the color and serve as a preservative for the paste, whereby to provide a writing paste in which when writing the glycerin will be separated from the mass by quick absorption into the fibrous material of the writing paper, and the dextrine becomes "set upon the surface of the paper, the glycerin acting as a lubricant for the ball.

LASZLO JOZSEF BIRO.

REFERENCES orrEn The following references are of record in the file of this patent:

1 UNITED STATES PATENTS Number

US2416145A 1938-10-29 1941-04-23 Writing paste Expired - Lifetime US2416145A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2265055A US2265055A (en) 1938-10-29 1938-12-27 Fountain pen for pulpy ink
US2416145A US2416145A (en) 1938-12-27 1941-04-23 Writing paste

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2416145A US2416145A (en) 1938-12-27 1941-04-23 Writing paste

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US2416145A true US2416145A (en) 1947-02-18

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Cited By (44)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2536124A (en) * 1946-10-11 1951-01-02 Bolvin Camille Marian Francois Writing instrument
DE940872C (en) * 1946-10-11 1956-03-29 Camille Mariano Francoi Bolvin Pen and method of assembly and manufacture
US2933403A (en) * 1957-02-13 1960-04-19 Ohio Commw Eng Co Printing pastes
EP0122348A2 (en) * 1982-11-29 1984-10-24 Adger Kogyo Co., Ltd. Ink composition for writing instrument
US5616443A (en) * 1993-08-05 1997-04-01 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Substrate having a mutable colored composition thereon
US5643356A (en) * 1993-08-05 1997-07-01 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Ink for ink jet printers
US5645964A (en) * 1993-08-05 1997-07-08 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Digital information recording media and method of using same
US5681380A (en) * 1995-06-05 1997-10-28 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Ink for ink jet printers
US5686503A (en) * 1994-06-30 1997-11-11 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Method of generating a reactive species and applications therefor
US5700850A (en) * 1993-08-05 1997-12-23 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide Colorant compositions and colorant stabilizers
US5721287A (en) * 1993-08-05 1998-02-24 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of mutating a colorant by irradiation
US5733693A (en) * 1993-08-05 1998-03-31 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method for improving the readability of data processing forms
US5739175A (en) * 1995-06-05 1998-04-14 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photoreactor composition containing an arylketoalkene wavelength-specific sensitizer
US5747550A (en) * 1995-06-05 1998-05-05 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of generating a reactive species and polymerizing an unsaturated polymerizable material
US5773182A (en) * 1993-08-05 1998-06-30 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of light stabilizing a colorant
US5782963A (en) * 1996-03-29 1998-07-21 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorant stabilizers
US5786132A (en) * 1995-06-05 1998-07-28 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Pre-dyes, mutable dye compositions, and methods of developing a color
US5798015A (en) * 1995-06-05 1998-08-25 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of laminating a structure with adhesive containing a photoreactor composition
US5811199A (en) * 1995-06-05 1998-09-22 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Adhesive compositions containing a photoreactor composition
US5837429A (en) * 1995-06-05 1998-11-17 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide Pre-dyes, pre-dye compositions, and methods of developing a color
US5849411A (en) * 1995-06-05 1998-12-15 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Polymer film, nonwoven web and fibers containing a photoreactor composition
US5855655A (en) * 1996-03-29 1999-01-05 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorant stabilizers
US5865471A (en) * 1993-08-05 1999-02-02 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photo-erasable data processing forms
US5885337A (en) * 1995-11-28 1999-03-23 Nohr; Ronald Sinclair Colorant stabilizers
US5891229A (en) * 1996-03-29 1999-04-06 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorant stabilizers
US6008268A (en) * 1994-10-21 1999-12-28 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photoreactor composition, method of generating a reactive species, and applications therefor
US6017471A (en) * 1993-08-05 2000-01-25 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorants and colorant modifiers
US6017661A (en) * 1994-11-09 2000-01-25 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Temporary marking using photoerasable colorants
US6033465A (en) * 1995-06-28 2000-03-07 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorants and colorant modifiers
US6071979A (en) * 1994-06-30 2000-06-06 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photoreactor composition method of generating a reactive species and applications therefor
US6099628A (en) * 1996-03-29 2000-08-08 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorant stabilizers
US6211383B1 (en) 1993-08-05 2001-04-03 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Nohr-McDonald elimination reaction
US6228157B1 (en) 1998-07-20 2001-05-08 Ronald S. Nohr Ink jet ink compositions
US6242057B1 (en) 1994-06-30 2001-06-05 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photoreactor composition and applications therefor
US6265458B1 (en) 1998-09-28 2001-07-24 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photoinitiators and applications therefor
US6277897B1 (en) 1998-06-03 2001-08-21 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photoinitiators and applications therefor
US6294698B1 (en) 1999-04-16 2001-09-25 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photoinitiators and applications therefor
US6331056B1 (en) 1999-02-25 2001-12-18 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Printing apparatus and applications therefor
US6368396B1 (en) 1999-01-19 2002-04-09 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorants, colorant stabilizers, ink compositions, and improved methods of making the same
US6368395B1 (en) 1999-05-24 2002-04-09 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Subphthalocyanine colorants, ink compositions, and method of making the same
US6486227B2 (en) 2000-06-19 2002-11-26 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Zinc-complex photoinitiators and applications therefor
US6503559B1 (en) 1998-06-03 2003-01-07 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Neonanoplasts and microemulsion technology for inks and ink jet printing
US6524379B2 (en) 1997-08-15 2003-02-25 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorants, colorant stabilizers, ink compositions, and improved methods of making the same
US6582479B1 (en) * 1999-05-24 2003-06-24 John E. Tate Dye composition, dyeing apparatus and dyeing method

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US117314A (en) * 1871-07-25 Improvement in copying inks for ruling and printing
US140782A (en) * 1873-07-15 Improvement in inks for stamping purposes
US167878A (en) * 1875-09-21 Improvement in copying-inks
US216625A (en) * 1879-06-17 Improvement in inks for printing protective tints on commercial blanks
GB189719783A (en) * 1897-08-27 1897-11-06 Richard Webb Improvements in Printing Inks.
US979542A (en) * 1908-07-13 1910-12-27 Charles F Morse Transfer-ink and process of producing the same.
US1404355A (en) * 1921-04-08 1922-01-24 Goodrich Co B F Printing ink
US1479533A (en) * 1922-06-09 1924-01-01 Frank B Cooney Ink paste
US1843661A (en) * 1928-12-24 1932-02-02 Frank B Cooney Ink product

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US117314A (en) * 1871-07-25 Improvement in copying inks for ruling and printing
US140782A (en) * 1873-07-15 Improvement in inks for stamping purposes
US167878A (en) * 1875-09-21 Improvement in copying-inks
US216625A (en) * 1879-06-17 Improvement in inks for printing protective tints on commercial blanks
GB189719783A (en) * 1897-08-27 1897-11-06 Richard Webb Improvements in Printing Inks.
US979542A (en) * 1908-07-13 1910-12-27 Charles F Morse Transfer-ink and process of producing the same.
US1404355A (en) * 1921-04-08 1922-01-24 Goodrich Co B F Printing ink
US1479533A (en) * 1922-06-09 1924-01-01 Frank B Cooney Ink paste
US1843661A (en) * 1928-12-24 1932-02-02 Frank B Cooney Ink product

Cited By (62)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2536124A (en) * 1946-10-11 1951-01-02 Bolvin Camille Marian Francois Writing instrument
DE940872C (en) * 1946-10-11 1956-03-29 Camille Mariano Francoi Bolvin Pen and method of assembly and manufacture
US2933403A (en) * 1957-02-13 1960-04-19 Ohio Commw Eng Co Printing pastes
EP0122348A2 (en) * 1982-11-29 1984-10-24 Adger Kogyo Co., Ltd. Ink composition for writing instrument
EP0122348A3 (en) * 1982-11-29 1986-03-05 Adger Kogyo Co., Ltd. Ink composition for writing instrument
US6211383B1 (en) 1993-08-05 2001-04-03 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Nohr-McDonald elimination reaction
US5643701A (en) * 1993-08-05 1997-07-01 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Electrophotgraphic process utilizing mutable colored composition
US5616443A (en) * 1993-08-05 1997-04-01 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Substrate having a mutable colored composition thereon
US5645964A (en) * 1993-08-05 1997-07-08 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Digital information recording media and method of using same
US6066439A (en) * 1993-08-05 2000-05-23 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Instrument for photoerasable marking
US5683843A (en) * 1993-08-05 1997-11-04 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Solid colored composition mutable by ultraviolet radiation
US6060223A (en) * 1993-08-05 2000-05-09 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Plastic article for colored printing and method for printing on a colored plastic article
US5700850A (en) * 1993-08-05 1997-12-23 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide Colorant compositions and colorant stabilizers
US6060200A (en) * 1993-08-05 2000-05-09 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photo-erasable data processing forms and methods
US5721287A (en) * 1993-08-05 1998-02-24 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of mutating a colorant by irradiation
US5733693A (en) * 1993-08-05 1998-03-31 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method for improving the readability of data processing forms
US5858586A (en) * 1993-08-05 1999-01-12 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Digital information recording media and method of using same
US6054256A (en) * 1993-08-05 2000-04-25 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method and apparatus for indicating ultraviolet light exposure
US5773182A (en) * 1993-08-05 1998-06-30 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of light stabilizing a colorant
US6127073A (en) * 1993-08-05 2000-10-03 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method for concealing information and document for securely communicating concealed information
US6017471A (en) * 1993-08-05 2000-01-25 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorants and colorant modifiers
US6120949A (en) * 1993-08-05 2000-09-19 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photoerasable paint and method for using photoerasable paint
US5908495A (en) * 1993-08-05 1999-06-01 Nohr; Ronald Sinclair Ink for ink jet printers
US5865471A (en) * 1993-08-05 1999-02-02 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photo-erasable data processing forms
US5643356A (en) * 1993-08-05 1997-07-01 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Ink for ink jet printers
US6342305B1 (en) 1993-09-10 2002-01-29 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Colorants and colorant modifiers
US6090236A (en) * 1994-06-30 2000-07-18 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photocuring, articles made by photocuring, and compositions for use in photocuring
US6071979A (en) * 1994-06-30 2000-06-06 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photoreactor composition method of generating a reactive species and applications therefor
US5686503A (en) * 1994-06-30 1997-11-11 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Method of generating a reactive species and applications therefor
US6242057B1 (en) 1994-06-30 2001-06-05 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photoreactor composition and applications therefor
US5709955A (en) * 1994-06-30 1998-01-20 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Adhesive composition curable upon exposure to radiation and applications therefor
US6008268A (en) * 1994-10-21 1999-12-28 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photoreactor composition, method of generating a reactive species, and applications therefor
US6017661A (en) * 1994-11-09 2000-01-25 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Temporary marking using photoerasable colorants
US6235095B1 (en) 1994-12-20 2001-05-22 Ronald Sinclair Nohr Ink for inkjet printers
US5786132A (en) * 1995-06-05 1998-07-28 Kimberly-Clark Corporation Pre-dyes, mutable dye compositions, and methods of developing a color
US5811199A (en) * 1995-06-05 1998-09-22 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Adhesive compositions containing a photoreactor composition
US5747550A (en) * 1995-06-05 1998-05-05 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of generating a reactive species and polymerizing an unsaturated polymerizable material
US5837429A (en) * 1995-06-05 1998-11-17 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide Pre-dyes, pre-dye compositions, and methods of developing a color
US6063551A (en) * 1995-06-05 2000-05-16 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Mutable dye composition and method of developing a color
US5681380A (en) * 1995-06-05 1997-10-28 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Ink for ink jet printers
US5798015A (en) * 1995-06-05 1998-08-25 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Method of laminating a structure with adhesive containing a photoreactor composition
US5739175A (en) * 1995-06-05 1998-04-14 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photoreactor composition containing an arylketoalkene wavelength-specific sensitizer
US5849411A (en) * 1995-06-05 1998-12-15 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Polymer film, nonwoven web and fibers containing a photoreactor composition
US6033465A (en) * 1995-06-28 2000-03-07 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorants and colorant modifiers
US6168655B1 (en) 1995-11-28 2001-01-02 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorant stabilizers
US5885337A (en) * 1995-11-28 1999-03-23 Nohr; Ronald Sinclair Colorant stabilizers
US5855655A (en) * 1996-03-29 1999-01-05 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorant stabilizers
US6168654B1 (en) 1996-03-29 2001-01-02 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorant stabilizers
US5891229A (en) * 1996-03-29 1999-04-06 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorant stabilizers
US5782963A (en) * 1996-03-29 1998-07-21 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorant stabilizers
US6099628A (en) * 1996-03-29 2000-08-08 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorant stabilizers
US6524379B2 (en) 1997-08-15 2003-02-25 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorants, colorant stabilizers, ink compositions, and improved methods of making the same
US6503559B1 (en) 1998-06-03 2003-01-07 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Neonanoplasts and microemulsion technology for inks and ink jet printing
US6277897B1 (en) 1998-06-03 2001-08-21 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photoinitiators and applications therefor
US6228157B1 (en) 1998-07-20 2001-05-08 Ronald S. Nohr Ink jet ink compositions
US6265458B1 (en) 1998-09-28 2001-07-24 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photoinitiators and applications therefor
US6368396B1 (en) 1999-01-19 2002-04-09 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Colorants, colorant stabilizers, ink compositions, and improved methods of making the same
US6331056B1 (en) 1999-02-25 2001-12-18 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Printing apparatus and applications therefor
US6294698B1 (en) 1999-04-16 2001-09-25 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Photoinitiators and applications therefor
US6368395B1 (en) 1999-05-24 2002-04-09 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Subphthalocyanine colorants, ink compositions, and method of making the same
US6582479B1 (en) * 1999-05-24 2003-06-24 John E. Tate Dye composition, dyeing apparatus and dyeing method
US6486227B2 (en) 2000-06-19 2002-11-26 Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc. Zinc-complex photoinitiators and applications therefor

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