US2409055A - Method of making helmet ear muffs - Google Patents

Method of making helmet ear muffs Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2409055A
US2409055A US521767A US52176744A US2409055A US 2409055 A US2409055 A US 2409055A US 521767 A US521767 A US 521767A US 52176744 A US52176744 A US 52176744A US 2409055 A US2409055 A US 2409055A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
annulus
annular
shape
shaped
shell
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US521767A
Inventor
John J Mccann
Original Assignee
John J Mccann
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by John J Mccann filed Critical John J Mccann
Priority to US521767A priority Critical patent/US2409055A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2409055A publication Critical patent/US2409055A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A42HEADWEAR
    • A42BHATS; HEAD COVERINGS
    • A42B3/00Helmets; Helmet covers ; Other protective head coverings
    • A42B3/04Parts, details or accessories of helmets
    • A42B3/10Linings
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A42HEADWEAR
    • A42BHATS; HEAD COVERINGS
    • A42B3/00Helmets; Helmet covers ; Other protective head coverings
    • A42B3/04Parts, details or accessories of helmets
    • A42B3/16Ear protection devices

Description

8, 1946. J. J. M cANN METHOD OF MAKING HELMET EAR MUFFS Filed Feb. 10, 1944 2 Sheets-sheaf 1 m nun/ mmvrba \wmu N N A C M m METHOD OF MAKING HELMET EAR MUFFS 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Feb. 10-. 1944 w W r Patented Oct. 8, 1946 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 11 Claims.

This invention relates especially to a novel method of producing ear muffs of the nature used in aviation helmets. Two of these ear mufis, of annular doughnut-like shape, are mounted in each helmet together with a telephone receiver housed Within each muff, the mufis serving the function of insulating the wearers ears against outside noise and temperature changes. Efficient construction and operation of the helmets require that the muffs shall be of uniform construction and capable of withstanding rough usage without losing their original doughnut shape. The primary object of my invention resides in a novel method of producing a new and improved muff of this nature uniformly, without waste of material, and at an expenditure of time and cost substantially below that heretofore possible.

Each ear muff comprises an annular doughnut-like shell of chamois skin or other suitable material stuffed with kapok or like soft and fluffy product adapted to serve the required functions. In accordance with the preferred form of my invention, I cut a piece of predetermined pattern from a chamois skin and secure the ends together as by stitching or the like to form an annulus. I then superpose this annulus in wet and pliable condition on an expansible form having a substantially annular peripheral surface of S-shaped configuration longitudinally and embodying an outwardly curved convex portion together with an adjacent inwardly curved concave portion of relatively smaller diameter, and expand the mandrel into tight contact with the annulus. When the annulus is dry I remove it from the form, turn the larger portion outside-in to a position forming the outer wall of a hollow ring of which the relatively smaller shaped portion is the inner wall. The annular shell of the ring thus produced is closed by securing the free edges of the inner and outer walls together by stitching or other suitable means. The shell is ordinarily stuffed to the desired degree with kapok or the like prior to this closing of the inner and outer walls. Such novel production of an annular shell and the improved muff of uniform and superior construction resulting therefrom comprises a further object of the invention.

These and other features of the invention will be best understood and appreciated from the following description of a preferred embodiment thereof selected for purposes of illustration and shown in the accompanying drawings, in which,

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of an aviation sion helmet incorporating two ear muffs of the type comprising my invention,

Fig. 2 is a sectional view taken on line 22 of Fig. 1 and showing one of the ear muffs in cross section,

Fig. 3 illustrates a patterned piece of material from which I construct the ear muff,

Fig. 4 illustrates this piece with its ends stitched together and forming the piece into an annulus,

Fig. 5 illustrates the shaping of the annulus over an expansible form,

Fig. 6 is a sectional view longitudinally through the shaped annulus and illustrating in broken lines how a porton thereof is reversed to outsidein position to form the doughnut-like annular shell,

Fig. 7 is a perspective view of the finished muff, illustrated as broken away.

In Fig. 1 is illustrated an aviation helmet l0 formed with two oppositely disposed telephone receiver units each comprising a rubber annulus l2 stitched into the helmet around its periphery 14. Each such rubber annulus has a centrally disposed opening l5 shaped to receive a telephone receiver and an inwardly facing annular depres- |6 for receiving one of the ear muffs l8 comprising my invention. The rubber annulus I2 is somewhat elliptical in shape and the ear muff is of like shape within the depression IS.

The ear muff preferably comprises an annular doughnut-like shell of chamois skin stufied with kapok or like fluffy material. These muffs have heretofore been formed by cutting a somewhat semi-circular shaped piece from a chamois skin and then stitching and simultaneously packing kapok thereinto and expanding the piece to as near the desired shape as possible. Thismethod has provided no definite control over the shape or uniformity of the product and has resulted in a high percentag of rejects that cannot be properly fitted into the helmet.

Excessive amounts of kapok have been used in an effort to give shape to the muff and prevent wrinkles and this has resulted in producing a muff that is relatively hard and uncomfortable. The expanding of the piece to size forms thick and thin areas which affect the diameter and shape of the product, and lack of uniformity in the shape of the muffs has caused considerable difficulty in the fitting of the mufis into the annular depressions it. 'My novel method which will now be described eliminates these objections and provides a product in which the individual muffs are so identical in size and shape as to fit perfectly into the annular seats in the helmet and are stuffed to a predetermined degree presenting a soft and comfortable contact to the ears when th helmet is in use.

The outer shell of the muff i preferably made from chamois skin although it may be made from any suitable fabric adaptable to the forming and shaping process now to be described. In accordance with the preferred form of my invention each annular shell is formed from a piece 20 of charnois cut to the patterned shape illustrated in Fig. 3, this piece'being oblong and arcuately curved and having end edges 22 of symmetrical outline. The piece is then lapped, a illustrated in Fig. 4, and the edges 22 are stitched together to form the piece into an annulus 25 having one end portion 24 of substantially greater diameter than the other end portion 26.

The next step in the process consists in shaping the annulus on a form to give it the contour illustrated in Figs. and 6. This form is preferably of a laterally expansible nature and I have illustrated it as comprising two half sections 28. The form has one end portion of greater diameter than the other end portion and is of S-shape longitudinally at its periphery, consisting of an outwardly curved convex portion 38 at its larger end and an inward curved concave portion 32 of smaller diameter adjacent thereto. The annulus 25 is first preferably wetted to render it pliable and it is then placed on the form with its larger end located on the larger end of the form asillustrated. The form is then expanded as by forcing the two halves apart by means of a wedge 34. This action stretches the annulus to the desired elliptical shape and conforms it to the peripheral contour of the form, as illustrated in Fig. 6, wherein its portion of greater diameter is outwardly curved at 36 and its adjacent portion of smaller diameter is inwardly curved at 38. The annulus is left thus on the form until it is dry.

The form is provided on its larger end with a shoulder 40 extending uniformly therearound at a predetermined distance inwardly from its periphery and on its smaller end with a sharply defined recess 42 extending uniformly therearound. Before the annulus is removed from the' form, after drying, it is trimmed along the shoulder 4!] and recess 42 which trimming lines are so located that the annulus as thus trimmed presents the uniformly desired amount of material for forming the final shell.

Whenit is dry and removed from the form, the annulus presents the appearance illustrated in Fig. 6 wherein the opening at 44 is of the size and shape of the desired opening in the proposed shell and the concavely curved portion 38 provides the inner wall of the shell. The larger convexly curved portion 36 is then turned or reversed to the outside-in position illustrated in broken lines in Fig. 6 in which position it cooperates with the wall 38 and forms the outer wall of the shell. The shell is thereupon stuffed with kapok to a degree giving it a yielding and cushion-like softness and the edges 46 are then stitched together at 8 to close the shell. The muff is adhesively seated with its stitching 48 in the recess I6 and a chamois washer 50 is supported at its periphery between the muff and the bottom of the recess.

It will now be apparent that I have produced a novel method of making doughnut-like shells and ear muffs from relatively soft fabric and that such method not only produces a product in which the individual pieces are uniform in size and shape but furthermore produces the same with a minimum expenditure of material and with an accuracy that permits of no construction errors that might result in an inferior and rejectable product. It will also be apparent that in my finished product the material comprising the shell is neither stretched nor drawn unduly but retains at all times substantially the true and uniform texture and thickness of the original piece from which it is made.

Having thus disclosed my invention what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

l. A method of forming a fabric piece into predetermined contour, which consists in the steps of shaping said piece in wet condition over a form to S-shape in cross section, removing the piece from the form when dry, and turning one curved portion of said S-shaped piece outside-in to a position wherein it cooperates with the'other curved portion thereof to form a, chamber enclosed within and between opposed concave walls of said portions.

2. A method of making an annular shell, comprising the steps of shaping an annulus of soft fabric in wet condition over a form to S-shape in cross section longitudinally thereof at its periphery, removing the annulus from the form when dry, and-turning one curved portion of the S-shaped annulus outside-in to a position wherein it cooperates with the other curved portion thereof to form an annular shell.

3. A method of making an annular shell, comprising the steps of placing an annulus of soft fabricover an expansible form having a substantially annular and convex outwardly curved peripheral portion and an adjacent substantially annular and concave inwardly curved peripheral portion of relatively smaller diameter, expanding the form to'bring said portions into tight shaping contact with the annulus, removing the shaped annulus from the form, turning the larger portion outside-in to a position forming the outer Wall of a hollow ring of which the relatively smaller shaped portion is the inner wall, and securing the free edges of the inner and outer walls together.

4. A method of making an annular shell, comprising the steps of forming an annulus by securing together as by stitching or the like the ends of an oblong sheet of soft fabric, placing the annulus over and shaping it to a form having a substantially annular outwardly curved convex portion and an adjacent substantially annular inwardly curved concave portion of relatively smaller diameter, removing the shaped annulus from the form, turning the larger portion outside-in to a position forming the outer wall of a hollow ring of which the relatively smaller shaped portion is the inner wall, and securing the free edges of the inner and outer walls together.

5. A method of making an annular shell, comprising the steps of cutting from a sheet of soft fabric an arcuately curved segmental piece having its two end edges of like pattern, securing said edges together to form the piece into an annulus having one end portion of greater diameter than the other end portion, placing the annulus over and shaping it to a form in which said greater diameter portion engages a substantially annular outwardly curved convex portion of the form and said other end portion engages an adjacent substantially annular inwardly curved concave portion of the form of relatively smaller diameter,

removing the shaped annulus from the form, turning the larger portion outside-in to a position forming the outer wall of a hollow ring of which the relatively smaller portion is the inner wall, and securing the two edges of the inner and outer walls together.

6. A method of making an annular shell, comprising the steps of forming an annulus by securing together as by stitching or the like the ends of an oblong sheet of soft fabric, placing the annulus over and shaping it to a split form embodying a plurality of segmental sections having like peripheries of S-shape in cross section longitudinally thereof and all cooperating to provide the form with an outwardly curved convex portion and an adjacent inwardly curved concave portion of relatively smaller diameter, spreading the sections radially apart to stretch the annulus and shape it to said peripheries, removing the shaped annulus from the form, turning the larger portion outside-in to a position forming the outer wall of a hollow ring of which the relatively smaller shaped portion is the inner wall, and securing the free edges of the inner and outer walls together.

7. A method of making an annular shell of ell liptical shape, comprising the steps of forming an annulus by securing together as by stitching or the like the ends of an oblong sheet of soft fabric, placing the annulus over and shaping it to a split form embodying two cooperating half sections having like S-shaped peripheral contours in cross section longitudinally thereof each comprising an outwardly curved convex portion and an adjacent and relatively smaller inwardly curved concave portion, spreading the two sections apart to stretch the annulus into an ellipse and shape it to said contours, removing the shaped annulus from the form, turning the larger portion outside-in to a position forming the outer wall of a hollow ring of which the relatively smaller shaped portion is the inner wall, and securing the free edges of the inner and outer walls together.

8. A method of making an annular shell, cornprisingthe steps of forming an annulus by securing together the free end edge portions of an oblong sheet of soft fabric, placing the annulus over and shaping it to a form having a substantially annular outwardly curved convex portion and an adjacent substantially annular inwardly curved concave portion of relatively smaller diameter, trimming the free edges of the annulus to predetermined lines on the form, removing the shaped annulus from the form, turning the larger portion outside-in to a position forming the outer wall of a hollow ring of which the relatively smaller shaped portion is the inner wall, and securing the trimmed edges of the inner and outer walls together.

9. A method of making ear muffs or the like of stuffed annular construction, comprising the steps of placing an annulus of soft fabric over and shaping it to a form having a substantially annular outwardly curved convex portion and an adjacent substantially annular inwardly curved concave portion of relatively smaller diameter, removing the shaped annulus from the form, turning the larger portion outside-in to a position forming the outer wall of a hollow ring of which the relatively smaller shaped portion is the inner wall, stufing the ring with a suitable material, and stitching the free edges of the inner and outer walls together.

10. A method of making ear muffs or the like of stuffed annular construction, comprising the steps of forming an annulus by securing together as by stitching or the like the ends of an oblong sheet of flexible leather or the like, wetting the annulus and shaping it tightly over a form having a substantially annular outwardly curved convex portion and an adjacent substantially annular inwardly curved concave portion of relatively smaller diameter, drying the annulus and then removing it from the form, turning the larger portion outside-in to a position forming the outer wall of a hollow ring of which the relatively smaller shaped portion is the inner wall, stufling the ring with a suitable material, and securing the free edges of the inner and outer walls together as by stitching or the like.

11. A method of making an elliptical ear muff or the like of stuffed annular construction, comprising the steps of forming an annulus by securing together as by stitching or the like the ends of an oblong sheet of soft fabric, placing the annulus over an expansible form having a peripheral contour of S-shape in cross section longitudinally thereof and comprising an outwardly curved convex portion and an adjacent and relatively smaller inwardly curved concave portion, expanding the form laterally in two opposite directions to spread the annulus to elliptical shape and shape it to said contour, removing the shaped annulus from the form, turning the larger portion outside-in to a position forming the outer wall of a hollow ring of which the relatively smaller shaped portion is the inner Wall, stuffing the ring with a suitable material, and securing the free edges of the inner and outer walls together.

JOHN J. MCCANN.

US521767A 1944-02-10 1944-02-10 Method of making helmet ear muffs Expired - Lifetime US2409055A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US521767A US2409055A (en) 1944-02-10 1944-02-10 Method of making helmet ear muffs

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US521767A US2409055A (en) 1944-02-10 1944-02-10 Method of making helmet ear muffs

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2409055A true US2409055A (en) 1946-10-08

Family

ID=24078065

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US521767A Expired - Lifetime US2409055A (en) 1944-02-10 1944-02-10 Method of making helmet ear muffs

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2409055A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2710972A (en) * 1953-03-10 1955-06-21 Matthew I Radnofsky Warm weather flying helmet
US2871484A (en) * 1953-09-24 1959-02-03 Leonard P Frieder Close-fitting helmet
US20120006696A1 (en) * 2009-06-15 2012-01-12 Hair Zone, Inc. Box and form for wig or hair piece
USD794603S1 (en) * 2016-02-23 2017-08-15 Ossic Corporation Earphone

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2710972A (en) * 1953-03-10 1955-06-21 Matthew I Radnofsky Warm weather flying helmet
US2871484A (en) * 1953-09-24 1959-02-03 Leonard P Frieder Close-fitting helmet
US20120006696A1 (en) * 2009-06-15 2012-01-12 Hair Zone, Inc. Box and form for wig or hair piece
US8800827B2 (en) * 2009-06-15 2014-08-12 Hair Zone, Inc. Box and form for wig or hair piece
USD794603S1 (en) * 2016-02-23 2017-08-15 Ossic Corporation Earphone

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3208085A (en) Resilient cushion
US2476585A (en) Girdle
US3253861A (en) Inflatable cushion
US20150164166A1 (en) Article and method for wire embedded headwear
US3103015A (en) Head-protecting head gear
US3932252A (en) Process for the manufacture of composite foam and fabric articles
EP0125400B1 (en) Breast prosthesis
US2738514A (en) Ear protector
US3285307A (en) Combination curler bag and cap
US3153413A (en) Pressure bandage-splint
US2420245A (en) Plastic ear muff
US1624727A (en) Sport visor cap
US2394400A (en) Method of making artificial eyes
US2266062A (en) Protective device
US1996254A (en) Hat
US2908943A (en) Process for molding two-layer polyurethane articles
EP2877047B1 (en) A nursing bra
US6986696B1 (en) Pads having a central summit for bras and the like
US1997500A (en) Method of manufacturing new articles of jewelry and ornaments
US2650363A (en) Brassiere with breast straps having adjustment at sides
ES329724A1 (en) A procedure to manufacture and expand the framework of a tire cover. (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)
GB994021A (en) Combination foam spring cushion
US2864373A (en) Brassiere
US3860969A (en) Retromammary prosthesis
US2628438A (en) One-piece fabric foot protector