US2407790A - Reciprocating pressure generator - Google Patents

Reciprocating pressure generator Download PDF

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Publication number
US2407790A
US2407790A US52097344A US2407790A US 2407790 A US2407790 A US 2407790A US 52097344 A US52097344 A US 52097344A US 2407790 A US2407790 A US 2407790A
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cylinder
piston
compression
valve
chamber
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Tourneau Robert G Le
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Keppel LeTourneau USA Inc
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Keppel LeTourneau USA Inc
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02BINTERNAL-COMBUSTION PISTON ENGINES; COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL
    • F02B71/00Free-piston engines; Engines without rotary main shaft
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01BMACHINES OR ENGINES, IN GENERAL OR OF POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT TYPE, e.g. STEAM ENGINES
    • F01B11/00Reciprocating-piston machines or engines without rotary main shaft, e.g. of free-piston type

Description

Sept. 17, 1946. R. 6. LE TOURNEAU RECIPROCATING PRESSURE GENERATOR F'il ed Feb; 5, 1944 INVENTOR RGLeToarnea-u ATTORNEYS Patented Sept. 17, 1943 UNITE STTES A'iiil'i FFICE 2,407,790 7 RECIPROCATING PRESSURE GENERATOR Application February 3, 1944, Serial No. 520,973

4 Claims. 1

This invention relates to air or gas pressure generators, the present application being a substitute for abandoned application, Serial No. 474,996. One object is to provide a generator of this general character which is self-powered, and in which the power element itself forms a compressing medium besides actuating the generator.

The generator includes a compressor cylinder having a piston slidable therein, and another object of the invention is to operate the compressor so that the reciprocation of the piston through a stroke of predetermined length is controlled without the use of a crankshaft and connecting rod, so that the construction is considerably simplified over conventional apparatus.

The generator essentially comprises a lowpressure first-stage cylinder unit and a highpressure second-stage and power cylinder unit; and a further object is to provide for the reciprocation of the piston of the power unit by Diesel fuel, which also increases the compressive action of the piston, and which is only consumed in a sufficient amount to reciprocate the piston.

These objects I accomplish by means of such structure and relative arrangements of parts as will fully appear by a perusal of the following specification and claims.

The figure on the drawing is a sectional elevation of my generator.

Referring now more particularly to the characters of reference on the drawing, the generator comprises a double acting power cylinder I and a primary compressor cylinder 2 disposed in axial alinement with cylinder I, but in spaced relation thereto; the cylinders being mounted as a unit on a suitable base 3. The cylinders are substantially the same length but the area of the cylinder 2 is considerably greater than that of the cylinder I. A rod 4 projects through cylincontrolled by adjustable stops I! and I8 respectively,'1nounted on the shaft 4. The passages I 3 and I4 extend into fittings is adapted for connection to the intake of a conventional gas turbine or the like. Fuel injector devices 26 of the type commonly used in Diesel engines, and similarly operated by movement of the shaft 4 at the proper times relative to the position of the piston 6, project into the cylinder I at its opposite ends.

The chamber C in the piston 8 has ports 2| and 22 opening into the cylinder 2 on opposite sides of the piston; spring-closed automatically opening poppet valves 23 and 2t respectively being mounted in said piston to control the flow through the ports, the valves opening into the der I and into the cylinder 2 from the end of the latter adjacent the cylinder I, said rod being engaged by suitable pressure-tight packing glands 5 on said cylinder.

Within the cylinder I a hollow piston 6 is fixed on the shaft, from the interior of which piston a passage 1 leads through the shaft and into a chamber C formed in a hollow piston 8 fixed with the shaft in the cylinder 2. The passage I within the piston 6 communicates with a port 9 in said piston opening into the portion of the cylinder nearest the cylinder 2 and also With another port I!) in said piston opening into the portion of the cylinder on the opposite side of the piston. Spring closed outwardly opening and the adjacent end of the cylinder.

chamber. The cylinder 2 has air intake ports 25 and 28 in its opposite ends, the flow through which is controlled by spring-closed poppet valves 21 and 28, respectively, opening into the cylinder, and functioning automatically upon a reduction of pressure relative to atmosphere Within the cylinder as induced by movement of the piston 8 in one direction or the other.

In operation after the generator has been started by an external power source, or by admission of compressed air, the cycle of events is as follows:

As the piston 8 moves, for example, from the left-hand toward the right-hand end of cylinder 2, atmospheric pressure opens the valve 2'1. admitting air into the first stage compression chamber formed in the cylinder 2 between th piston 6n the return stroke the valve 21 is closed by its spring and the entrapped air in the cylinder is compressed until the pressure (approximately six atmospheres) is sufiicient to force the valve 23 open against its spring. Air thus compressed fills the chamber C and the passage l contained within the piston 8 and said shaft. A similar air compressing action takes place on the opposite side of the piston, by reason of the valves 28 and 24, in alternate order to the action above described.

passage M through the open valve l6 and thence;

of course to the turbine (not shown), scavenging the cylinder of a previous combustion. After piston 6 has moved a short distance from said left-hand end, valve it closes, and with further movement of the piston, the compressed air already entrapped in the cylinder is further com,- pressed to about I6 atmospheres abs.

As the piston nears the end of its stroke, fuel is admitted through the adjacent injector 20 by any well known means (not shown), but in synchronism with the piston movement, the heat of compression at sixteen atmospheres abs. being sufiicient to ignite the fuel. An increase in pressure thus created by the ignition forces the piston 6 in the opposite direction, and compressing the charge in the cylinder on the opposite side of the piston. As the piston reaches the end of this stroke, the valve [6 is again opened by the stop it and the heated and high compressed charge flows through the passage l3 and into the turbine. This valve remains open, upon the start of the return stroke of the piston, a sufi'icient time to provide a scavenging action of the charge, as previously described.

A similar compressing, igniting, and chargedischarging action of course takes place in the cylinder i on the opposite side of th piston, in alternate order to the action above described. Only sufficient fuel is consumed to force the pistons through their strokes against compression; the momentum of the pistons being sufficient to carry the piston 6 through the portions of its stroke which open the valves l and It. It will thus be seen that all of the compressed air taken into cylinder i and further compressed by the action or piston 5 and the burning fuel, ultimately passes to the turbine to drive the same; no outlets to atmosphere from the generator being provided.

As plainly shown in the drawing, the valves l5 and 16 are disposed with their stems parallel to the shaft 4, so that the stops l1 and I8 act to openthe valves in a direct manner and with a minimum of friction.

From the foregoing description it will be readily seen that I have produced such a device as substantially fulfills the objects of the, invention as set forth herein.

While this specification sets forth in. detail 7 the present andpreferred construction of the device, still in practice such deviations from such detail may be resorted to as do not form a departure from the spirit of the invention, as delined by the appended claims.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new and useful and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1,. A power gas forming compressor comprising a power cylinder, a piston in said cylinder dividing the cylinder into two compression chambers, the cylinder being provided with an outlet passage leading from each compression chamber, a spring pressed valve normally closing each passageway, a piston rod on the piston and projecting through an end of the cylinder, means responsive to piston movement in the cylinder to alternately open said valves, a compression cylinder, said piston rod projecting into said compression cylinder, a piston on the rod within the compression cylinder and dividing the latter into two compression chambers, the compression cylinder being provided with a passageway leading from atmosphere into each such last named compression chambers, a spring pressed valve normally closing each of said last named passageways and adapted to alternately open and close in response to pressure differentials imposed in the compression cylinder in response to the movements of the piston therein whereby air will be alternately drawn into each of the chambers in the compression cylinder and compressed therein, means for admitting the compressed air from each such chamber into one of the compression chambers of the power cylinder when the valve in such latter chamber is open, means for then admitting fuel to the other of said compression chambers of the power cylinder and while the valve therein is closed, and outlet means to exhaust the'compressed air and combustion gas mixture.

2. A power gas forming compressor comprising a power cylinder, a piston in said cylinder dividing the cylinder into two compression chambers, the cylinder being provided with an outlet passage leading from each compression chamber, a

spring pressed valve normally closing each pas sageway, a piston rod on the piston and projecting through an end of the cylinder, mean responsive to piston movement in, the cylinder to alternately open said valves, a compression cyl inder, said piston rod projecting into said compression cylinder, a piston on the rod within the compression cylinder and dividing the latter into tWo compression chambers, the compression cylinder being provided with a passageway leading from atmosphere into each such last named compression chambers, a spring pressed valve normally closing each of said last named passage- Ways and adapted to alternately open and close in response to pressure differentials imposed in the compression cylinder in response to the movements of the piston therein whereby air will be alternatey drawn into each of the chambers in the compression cylinder and compressed therein, each of said pistons being hollow and the rod having a central passageway in open communication with the interior of each piston, each face of each piston being provided with an opening leading from the adjacent compression chamber into the interior of the piston, a spring pressed valve normally closing each opening, the valves in the piston in the compression chamber being operable to alternately open and close with the compression and suction strokes, respectively, of such piston whereby compressed air will flow with each such compression stroke from the adjacent compression chamber through the hollow exhaust the compressed air and combustion mixture.

3. A power gas forming compressor comprising a power cylinder, a piston mounted for reciprocating movement in said cylinder and dividing the latter into two compression chambers, the cylinder being provided with a passageway leading from each of the compression chambers, a valve in each passageway, means to alternately open and close each valve in response to piston movements, means to admit fuel to each compression chamber when the valve in the passageway leading from such chamber is closed and the piston is operating on its compression stroke in that chamber, means for admitting compressed air into each compression chamber when the valve in the passageway leading from such chamber is open 15 and the piston is moving in a direction opposite to that in which it moves on its compression stroke in such chamber, and exhaust valve means to exhaust the compressed air and combustion gas mixture.

4. A structure as in claim 3 in which the exhaust valve operating means comprises a spring pressed valve stem on each valve projecting through one end of the cylinder, a rod on the piston projecting through both ends of the cylinder, stops on the rod each alternately en eable with one of the valve stems upon reciprocation of the rod through piston movement for opening the valve.

ROBERT G. LE TOURNEAU.

US2407790A 1944-02-03 1944-02-03 Reciprocating pressure generator Expired - Lifetime US2407790A (en)

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2925072A (en) * 1953-04-15 1960-02-16 Schmidt Paul Power plant with one cylinder and airborne piston
US2943610A (en) * 1958-06-30 1960-07-05 Berry W Foster Free piston compressed gas generator
US3461668A (en) * 1957-07-17 1969-08-19 John Kuhn Free piston heat engine construction for heating the working fluid inside the piston
US3610214A (en) * 1970-01-30 1971-10-05 Anton Braun Unsymmetrical, double-acting free piston engine
US3610217A (en) * 1969-10-21 1971-10-05 Anton Braun Balanced-free piston engine
US3610216A (en) * 1969-11-14 1971-10-05 Anton Braun Balanced-free piston engine
US4313716A (en) * 1979-05-10 1982-02-02 Texaco Inc. Articulated, energy converting structure
DE3347859A1 (en) * 1983-09-01 1985-06-13 Rabbe Dr Med Nordstroem Two-stroke piston internal combustion engine
US4700667A (en) * 1984-12-05 1987-10-20 Ohna Bernt E Internal combustion engine
US4830588A (en) * 1987-12-16 1989-05-16 The Boeing Company Capillary primed pump
US5113808A (en) * 1983-09-06 1992-05-19 Karl Eickmann Double piston engine
US9551221B1 (en) * 2015-07-15 2017-01-24 Aquarius Engines (A.M.) Ltd. Engine with continuous gas exchange during momentum stroke

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2925072A (en) * 1953-04-15 1960-02-16 Schmidt Paul Power plant with one cylinder and airborne piston
US3461668A (en) * 1957-07-17 1969-08-19 John Kuhn Free piston heat engine construction for heating the working fluid inside the piston
US2943610A (en) * 1958-06-30 1960-07-05 Berry W Foster Free piston compressed gas generator
US3610217A (en) * 1969-10-21 1971-10-05 Anton Braun Balanced-free piston engine
US3610216A (en) * 1969-11-14 1971-10-05 Anton Braun Balanced-free piston engine
US3610214A (en) * 1970-01-30 1971-10-05 Anton Braun Unsymmetrical, double-acting free piston engine
US4313716A (en) * 1979-05-10 1982-02-02 Texaco Inc. Articulated, energy converting structure
DE3347859A1 (en) * 1983-09-01 1985-06-13 Rabbe Dr Med Nordstroem Two-stroke piston internal combustion engine
US5113808A (en) * 1983-09-06 1992-05-19 Karl Eickmann Double piston engine
US4700667A (en) * 1984-12-05 1987-10-20 Ohna Bernt E Internal combustion engine
US4830588A (en) * 1987-12-16 1989-05-16 The Boeing Company Capillary primed pump
US9845680B2 (en) 2014-04-24 2017-12-19 Aquarius Engines (A.M.) Ltd. Gas exchange through engine piston rod
US9551221B1 (en) * 2015-07-15 2017-01-24 Aquarius Engines (A.M.) Ltd. Engine with continuous gas exchange during momentum stroke
US9689259B2 (en) 2015-07-15 2017-06-27 Aquarius Engines (A.A.) Ltd. Engine with compression and momentum stroke
US9869179B2 (en) 2015-07-15 2018-01-16 Aquarius Engines (A.M.) Ltd. Engine with piston that overshoots cylinder wall exhaust port
US9963968B2 (en) 2015-07-15 2018-05-08 Aquarius Engines (A.M.) Ltd. Timed gas exchange in engine using piston as exhaust valve
US9963969B2 (en) 2015-07-15 2018-05-08 Aquarius Engines (A.M.) Ltd. Piston assembly for internal combustion engine

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