US2401345A - Liquid feeding apparatus - Google Patents

Liquid feeding apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
US2401345A
US2401345A US48817543A US2401345A US 2401345 A US2401345 A US 2401345A US 48817543 A US48817543 A US 48817543A US 2401345 A US2401345 A US 2401345A
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Prior art keywords
tank
receptacle
liquid
launder
discharge
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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John H V Finney
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Mining Process and Patent Co
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Mining Process and Patent Co
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03DFLOTATION; DIFFERENTIAL SEDIMENTATION
    • B03D1/00Flotation
    • B03D1/02Froth-flotation processes
    • B03D1/028Control and monitoring of flotation processes; computer models therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03DFLOTATION; DIFFERENTIAL SEDIMENTATION
    • B03D1/00Flotation
    • B03D1/14Flotation machines
    • B03D1/1443Feed or discharge mechanisms for flotation tanks
    • B03D1/145Feed mechanisms for reagents

Description

June 4, =9 J. H. v. FINNEY LIQUID FEEDING APPARATUS Filed May 24-, 1943 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 JOHN H. V FINNEY INVENTOR.

ATTORNEY June 4, 16. J. H. v. FINNEY LIQUID FEEDING APPARATUS Filed May 24, 1943 2 Sheets$heet 2 Fig.2

9- 5 1 JOHNVH. v FINNEY INV ENT OR.

v ATTORNEY Patented June 4, 1946 UNITED LIQUID FEEDING APPARATUS Application May 24, 1943, Serial No. 488,175

7 Claims.

This invention relates to liquid feeding apparatus and more particularly relates to wet reagent feeders for use in froth flotation operations.

It is an object of the present invention to provide simple, durable and efiicient mechanism for discharging liquid in a continuous flow that may be varied in minute graduations.

Another object of the invention is to provide a reagent feeder having means for varying the volume of the discharging feed.

A further object of the invention is to provide novel means for agitating and varying the discharge interval of a fluent reagent.

Other objects reside in novel details of construction and novel combinations and arrangements of parts, all of which will be described in the course of the following description.

The accompanying drawings illustrate a typical embodiment of the invention. In the drawings, in the several views of which like parts are desig- 'nated similarly,

Figure 1 is a perspective, partially broken view of a reagent feeder embodying features of the present invention;

Figure 2 is a top plan view of the reagent feeder of Figure 1 with the cover removed; and Figure 3 is a developed section taken along the line 8-3, Figure 2.

In the embodiment of the invention illustrated in the drawings, the reagent feeder comprises a tank 4 having an inlet 5 near its top and a lower drain outlet 6, normally closed by a plug 1. A base member 8 is formed integrally with the tank or otherwise fixed on its 'bottom and projects from the back of the tank to provide a support for a motor 9 and a speed reducer I!) driven thereby.

The top rim of the tank is shouldered to provide a seat I! for a cover It. A disk I4 is mounted for rotation on a shaft extension l5 of the speed reducer Ill and carries a series of cup members [6 disposed at uniformly spaced intervals adjacent its periphery. An inclined launder I1 is supported adjacent disk M by a tubular discharge outlet 18 and a lengthwise adjustable screw member I9. both of which extend upwardly at an acute angle to the front side of the tank and are journaled in the front side of the tank. A handle 2!] is provided to facilitate turning screw [9 to move the launder I'I upwardly and toward or downwardly and away from disk 14.

In use, the tank 4 is mounted at the top of a flotation cell with the end of spout l8 overhanging the cell. A liquid, such as a flotation reagent, is introduced into the tank 4 until it submerges the lower portion of disk Hi to a level approximating the level 2| shown in Figure 3. The motor 9 and speed reducer Ill are then started to rotate disk M which causes the cups I6 to dip into the liquid and thereafter spill their contents into launder H.

In order to vary the volume of liquid delivered into launder ll, the side of the launder adjacent disk i4 is inclined as shown at 22 so that it slants upwardly from rightto left as shown in Fig. 1 and is at an. acute angle with respect to the plane of the disk M, the right end being farther from the disk than the left end as shown in Fig. 2. By moving the launder under control of screw [9 toward or away from disk i l, to different parallel positions, the quantity of liquid received b the launder from the spilling cups is varied as determined by the position of the intersection of the wall 22 and the plane of rotation of the cups l6, and thus varies the volume delivered through outlet 18 during each revolution of disk M, It will be seen that when the launder is in its highest position. its lower end is at the intersection with the plane of the cups !6, and when the launder is in its lowest position, its upper end is at the intersection; this arrangement thus provides some degree of compensation for the diiTerence-s in the height from which the liquid leaves the cups. The falling liquid is, therefore, divided by the edge of the launder at about the same distance from the cups in all positions of the launder; this facilitates the uniform and accurate control of the rate of flow of liquid into the launder.

The rotation of disk M agitates the liquid suff ciently to prevent density variations within the liquid body, and to maintain any solids in the liquid in suspension. The spilling of the liquid from cups l6 into launder ll creates a head over outlet conduit I 8 whichinsures a constant feed to the flotation cell.

Sometimes it will be necessary to feed heav liquids with the reagent feeder of the present invention. Under such circumstances, it will be desirable to change the position of the cups I6, so that they will drain completely while in overhanging relation to launder IT.

If desired, the cups ma be mounted on disk i for angular adjustment to change their spilling positions relative to launder ll. With such an arrangement, the positions of the cups is may be easily adjusted to accommodate a variety of reagents. However, in most instances, the feeder mechanism will be used with a single reagent combination only, and an initial setting of cups l6 will suflice to meet requirements of the treatment.

The range of launder movement is indicated in Figure 2 in which the dotted line represents one extreme in the range of movement, and the solid line representation indicates the other extreme position. It Will be noted that the'cups 16 have a uniform course of movement in the actuation of the mechanism and the movement of the trough relative to this course of movement determines what portion of the contents of the cups is delivered to the launder. Thus in the dotted line position, the trough receives only a fraction of the contents spilled by the cups, whereas in The volume or head of liquid in the launders determines the rate of discharge throughoutlet l8 and this is independent of the volume or head of liquid in tank 4 so long as there is sufficient liquid therein to fill the cups. In this connection, the feed to the tank through inlet 5 may be continuous subject to valve regulation to prevent overflowing, or it may be intermittent to replenish the tank supply whenever it has become substantially exhausted.

The screw actuation through the medium of handwheel permits a precise variation in the position of launder l1, and when it is desired to make an adjustment the cover is readily removable to permit visual observation of the variations. Because the control is dependent upon the positioning of parts, a constant speed drive is preferable, and substantial variations in the volume and rate of feed can be attained by the change in launder position alone. However, if desired, the motor and speed reducer assembly may be of the type permitting variations in the rate of rotation of disk I4.

Whenever it becomes necessary to change the reagent composition the mechanism is stopped and the plug 1 is removed from drain opening 6 to permit removal of the contents of the feeder, The disk M can be rotated after opening of the plug to insure spilling of an reagent in cups [6 so that complete removal is attained. The plug is inserted in outlet 6 after the liquid has been removed and the mechanism is then ready for a new operation.

While the invention has been described with particular reference to wet reagent feeding, it will be understood that it is suited for other uses such as the chemical industry where it is desired to mix a measured quantit of liquid with other liquid or solid matter in a continuous operation.

The design and arrangement of parts permits utilization of a variet of materials in forming the several parts. Preferably the tank, cover, cups, launder and disk are cast metal, but when corrosive substances are to be handled, these parts may be made of glass, plastics or ceramics, and for other purposes rubber or rubber substitutes may be employed. I

Preferably the outlet member 3 will be forme of two tubes in telescopic arrangement, in which event the outermost section serves as a guide for the innermost section to simplify the movements under control of handwheel 20 to effect the precise adjustments required.

While the disk and cup assembly constitutes a preferred arrangement of parts, said assembly is in fact an endless conveyor having a lower intake and an upper discharge in overhanging relation to thelaunder. The essential feature is that the tank liquid is taken in uniform volume and at a uniform rate from the tank supply to a fixed point of discharge above the launder, which launder may be moved relative to said fixed discharge point to var the amount of liquid delivered to the launder. Other mechanism performing these functions may be substituted within the spirit of the invention,

Changes and modifications may be availed of within the spirit and scope of the invention as defined in the hereunto appended claims.

What I claim and desire to secure by letters Patent is:

1. Apparatus for feeding fluids, comprising a tank containing fluent matter, a receptacle having a straight edge and being disposed in the tank above the level of fluent matter therein and having an outlet extending outside the tank for gravity discharge of said fluent matter, a rotary conveyor in the tank for elevating fluent matter in uniform volume and discharging it b gravity over the receptacle along a path intersecting said edge at an acute angle, and means for changing the position of thereceptacle bodily in the tank while maintaining said edge at substantially the same angle to said path of discharge to vary the amount of fluent matter deposited therein.

2. In a device of the character described, a tank containing fluent matter, a receptacle disposed above the fluent matter and having an outlet conduit extending to a point outside the tank for gravitational discharge of matter deposited in the receptacle, a conductive system in the tank for delivering fluent matter along a fixed line of discharge above the receptacle, and means for moving the receptacle bodily along a. straight path relative to said fixed line of discharge to var the amount of fluent matter deposited therein, said outlet conduit being constructed and arranged to move bodily with said receptacle and constituting a guide for movement of said receptacle with respect to said tank. 7

3. Apparatus for feeding fluids, comprising a tank containing fluent matter; a receptacle having an inclined bottom and an open top disposed above the level of fluent matter in the tank; an outlet conduit leading from the lower end of said receptacle and extending through said tank; adjusting means connected with said receptacle and extending through the tank in parallel relation to said outlet conduit and operable from outside said tank to move said receptacle bodily to differ; ent substantially parallel positions; and mechanism in said tank for elevating fluent matter and discharging it by gravity above said receptacle.

4. Apparatus for feeding. fluids, comprising a tank containing fluent matter; a receptacle having an open top disposed above the level of fluent matter in said tank and having an outlet extending outside said tank; mechanism for elevating fluent matter in said tank and discharging it by gravity over said receptacle along a path extending at an acute angle to one edge of said receptacle; and means for moving said receptacle bodily to different substantially parallel positions to change the point of intersection of said edge and said path and var the quantity of fluent matter received by said receptacle, said edge of said receptacle being inclined at an acute angle to the direction of movement of said receptacle during change in position thereof 5. Apparatus for feeding fluids, comprising a tank containing fluent matter; mechanism hav ing a discharge portion movable in a plane for elevating fluent matter in said tank and discharging the same above the level of fluent matter in said tank; a receptacle normally disposed in a position to receive fluent matter discharged from such mechanism and having an open top with an upper edge thereof disposed at an acute angle to the plane of movement of the discharge portion of said elevating mechanism, said edge being adapted to cause a greater or lesser proportion of the discharged fluent matter to flow into said receptacle and the remainder of said discharged fluent matter to flow back into said tank in accordance with the Position of said receptacle; and means for moving said receptacle bodily toward and away from said elevating mechanism and for maintaining said edge at substantially the same angle with respect to said plane in all positions of said receptacle.

6. Apparatus for feeding fluids, comprising a tank containing fluent matter; elevating mechanism having a discharge portion movable from within the body of fluent matter to discharge points above the body of fluent matter, and adapted to discharge fluent matter so that the path of discharge of fluent matter lies substantially in a plane; a receptacle disposed beneath said discharge points and having an edge extending at an acute angle to such plane of discharge, said edge, in predetermined positions,

being adapted to divide such discharged fluent matter into a portion passing into said receptac1e and another portion passing back into said body of fluent matter; and means for moving said receptacle bodily so as to vary the amount of fluent matter passing into said receptacle, while maintaining said edge at substantiall the same acute angle to said plane of discharge.

'7. Apparatus for feeding liquids comprising a tank containing liquid, a receptacle disposed in said tank above the level of liquid therein and having an outlet extending outside said tank, said receptacle having a wall provided with a straight upper edge, a rotary conveyor arranged to rotate in a vertical plane in said tank for elevating liquid in uniform volume and for discharging the liquid by gravity from points along an upwardly extending arc of a circle, the path of liquid falling from said conveyor intersecting said edge at an acute angle, and means for changing the positionof said receptacle bodily in said tank while maintaining said edge at substantially the same acute angle to said path, said edge also being inclined upwardly in the direction of said are of discharge of the liquid to provide compensation for difierences in elevation of the points of discharge.

JOHN H. V. FINNEY.

US2401345A 1943-05-24 1943-05-24 Liquid feeding apparatus Expired - Lifetime US2401345A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2934244A (en) * 1958-02-10 1960-04-26 Haug Ellingsen & Co S Apparatus for continuous proportioning of a liquid or a liquid suspension
US3212675A (en) * 1962-12-31 1965-10-19 Gen Electric Additive dispenser for dishwashers

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2934244A (en) * 1958-02-10 1960-04-26 Haug Ellingsen & Co S Apparatus for continuous proportioning of a liquid or a liquid suspension
US3212675A (en) * 1962-12-31 1965-10-19 Gen Electric Additive dispenser for dishwashers

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