US2399632A - Industrial truck - Google Patents

Industrial truck Download PDF

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Publication number
US2399632A
US2399632A US59776445A US2399632A US 2399632 A US2399632 A US 2399632A US 59776445 A US59776445 A US 59776445A US 2399632 A US2399632 A US 2399632A
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Prior art keywords
mast
main
cylinder
auxiliary
carriage
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Paul R Guerin
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Caterpillar Industrial Inc
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Caterpillar Industrial Inc
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66FHOISTING, LIFTING, HAULING OR PUSHING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. DEVICES WHICH APPLY A LIFTING OR PUSHING FORCE DIRECTLY TO THE SURFACE OF A LOAD
    • B66F9/00Devices for lifting or lowering bulky or heavy goods for loading or unloading purposes
    • B66F9/06Devices for lifting or lowering bulky or heavy goods for loading or unloading purposes movable, with their loads, on wheels or the like, e.g. fork-lift trucks
    • B66F9/075Constructional features or details
    • B66F9/08Masts; Guides; Chains

Description

May 7, 1946.

P. R. GUERIN INDUSTRIAL TRUCK Filed June 6, 1945 2 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR. PAULY'E.' 6MB/N INDUSTRIAL TRUCK Filed June 6, 1945 2 SheelZS-Sheet 2 1 .if 24126 55 7 gi g h 7 @as l TI 'a- Il if ,ef I w I I: j@ rv" 'V44 I 151 ,-I HM, ,I v

5` if Il .75

l vINVENTOR. H6' 2 R4L/L l?. GUEB/N n Patented May 7, 1946` if* zitten INDUSTRIAL TRUCK -Paul R. Guerin, East Cleveland, Ohio, assignor to Towmotor Corporation, Cleveland, Ohio, a corporation of Ohio Application June 6, 1945, serial No. 597,764

Claims.

`This invention relates to industrial trucks of -the type which are provided each with a mast assembly and with a carriage slidably mounted on said mast assembly and provided with loadengaging members (usually in the form of forwardly projecting forks) by means of which loads are supported, transported and/or elevated before being discharged. More particularly, the invention relates to trucks of this type wherein the mast assembly comprises a lower main mast and an extension mast telescoped thereupon whereby the over-all height of the mast assembly may be increased where necessary to enable the forks or other load-engaging means to be elevated a suicient distance to enable the load thereon to be deposited at a correspondingly high elevation. In some ofsthe trucks which are equipped with such extension mastsl the parts are so constructed and arranged that the forks or other load-engaging means may be elevated a comparatively short distance before the extension mast is elevated. The amount to which the said forks or other load-engaging means can be raised before resorting to the use of the extension mast is referred to as the "free lift but the amount of free lift heretofore obtainable has been insunicient to enable the stacking of a second, and sometimes a third, tier of merchandise in places having low ceilings, such as the roofs of box cars.

It is the general purpose and object of this invention to provide trucks of the type referred to with means whereby this free lift may be greatly increased. I accomplish this object in and through the construction and arrangement of parts shown in the drawings hereof, wherein Fig. 1 represents a side elevational view of the front of an industrial truck having my invention incorporated therein, the position of the carriage when elevated by the use of my free lift construction being shown in broken lines; Fig.l 2 is a rear elevational view of the mast assembly; Fig. 3 a sectional view corresponding to the lines 3-3 of Fig. 2; and Fig. 4 a diagrammatic view of the means for controlling the supply of liquid to the auxiliary cylinders, which constitu-te part of the means for realizing my invention.

Describing the various parts by reference characters, I0 denotes generally the forward end of the body of an industrial truck, Il the front wheels of the same, and l2 and I 2b one of a pair of tilting arms connected at their forward ends to opposite sides of the lower portion of they main mast whereby the mast assembly may be tilted from a vertical position. As shown in Fig.

2, each tilting arm in turn is. for purposes of strength, preferably made of two members in the shape of plates or laminations |28, I 2b, rigidly connected to the lower portions of plates I3b which in 'turn are welded or otherwise suitably secured to the flanges I3a of channel members I3 constituting the sides of the main mast. Bearing sleeves'lll are provided in the said arms, rearwardly of the mast assembly, for the reception of a shaft supported by the truck frame. Hydraulic cylinders (not shown) connected to the rear ends of said arms enable the mast to be tilted, in a well-known manner,

l5 denotes bracket arms, shown as secured to the tilting arm members I2a, to which and to the truck frame the usual springs (not shown) may be Iattached for assisting in restoring the mast assembly to a vertical position after it shall liliavelleen tilted from such position by the arms IB denotes generally a carriage which is slidably mounted upon the mast assembly, the said carriage as shown being of usual construction and comprising an upper transverse frame member Il and a lower transverse frame member I8, the said carriage supporting the lifting forks I9. The carriage is provided with cheek pieces 20 having arms 20a extending from opposite sides of the upper portion thereof and each carrying a roller 2| adapted to engage theadjacent rear flange of the channeled side member 23 of the extension mast, the said rollers being mounted upon a shaft 22 connecting the rear ends of said cheek pieces. Rollers 2|a mounted upon a shaft illD supported by said cheek pieces engage the front flanges of the extension mast.

24 denotes a cross bar or plate which is carried by the tops of the side members 23 of the upper or extension mast, the side members of the said mast being of channeled formation and being telescoped upon the channeled sides of the lower mast section. 2lia `denotes a brace bar connect` ing the lower portions of the side members 23.

25 denotes a vertically arranged main hoisting cylinder which is mounted between the side members of the main mast and to the lower portion of which liquid may be supplied by the pipe 26 and which contains a fluid-pressure-operated element, preferably in the form of a plunger 25a,

the top of which supports `a cross head 21 having its upper end preferably provided with a bumper 28 which, by the elevation of the said element, is adapted to engage the cross bar or plate 24. The cross head is provided at its opposite ends with shafts 29 on which are mounted rollers 30 around the tops of which exible memfbers, shown as chains 3|, pass. The lower ends of these flexible members are connectedto the carriage, as shown at 32. Theconstruction thus far described is substantially identical with that which has been employed by Towmotor Corporation, in its production of industrial trucks, and hence needs no further description; an instance of such truck construction is shown in Weaver Patent No. 2,270,664, issued January 20, 1942. However, the elevation of thel carriage has been effected heretofore solely by the upward movement of the fluid-'pressure-operated element in the cylinder 2'5, the ends of the chains 3| opposite to those which are attached tothe carriage i6 being anchored to some immovable part of the truck as, for instance, the forepart of the frame. In operation, as soon as the bumper 28 on the cross head 21 strikes the abutment constituted by the cross bar or plate 24, the extension mast will be elevated. In some installations,

sufficient clearance has been, provided between the bumper at the top of th'e cross head and the cross bar or plate 24 t0 allow a free lift of aS much as approximately two feet before the upper or extension mast will begin to be elevated.

In order to obtain such an increase in the "free lift as will ena-ble industrial trucks equipped with my invention to stack articles in a number of horizontal tiers and in. a space having a low ceiling, I have connected the ends of the flexible members 3|, opposite to those which are connectedv to the carriage, to the tops of iluidpressure-operated elements, shown as piston rods 33, the pistons 34 of which are mounted in vertical auxiliary cylinders 35, which are conveniently located within the lower portion of the mast assembly and which may be compactly and securely mounted within the said assembly byv securing the same, as by welding, to opposed portions of the rear surface of the main cylinder 25. The auxiliary cylinders are provided each with pipes 36 and 31 connected respectively to the top and the rbottom thereof, the supply to the cylinders being controlled in the manner shown in the diagrammatic view of Fig. 4, wherein 38 denotes a double-acting valve assembly one end of which communicates with the pipe 39 for supplying liquid to the pipes 36, While another pipe 40, leading from the bottom thereof, communicates with the pipes 31.' A double acting valve will be unnecessary where the carriage and lifting devices are of heavy construction, which will enable them to descend by gravity without resort to the use of the pipes 31 and 40.

With the parts constructed and arranged as described, it is believed that the operation will be readily understod. Assuming that it is necessary to stack material or objects such as bales, crates, rolls of paper, etc., in a box car or other place havin-g a low ceiling, liquid will be supplied to the pipes 35, thereby depressing the pistons and piston rods in the auxiliary cylinders a suillcient distance to enable the objects to be stacked at diierent elevations until such time as the pistons reach the bottoms of their respective auxiliary cylinders. The amount of the free lift thus obtained will be limited only by the length of theauxiliary cylinders and pistons. By making the auxiliary cylinders a little more than half-the length of the main cylinder, plus the distance the cross head extends thereabove when the main piston is lowered, the operating lengths of the auxiliary piston rods will be slightly less than half the length of the main cylinder.

The "free lift will also vary with the height of the main mast; and it is possible by the'use of the auxiliary cylinders and piston rods to obtain a free lift of nearly one-half the height of the main mast. Obviously, the free lift which is obtainable by the complete depression of the auxiliary piston rods can be increased by thereafter elevating thev main piston rod until the bumper, on the cross head strikes the cross bar or plate 24. When it is desired to utilize the extension mast, this can be accomplished by retaining the piston rods 33 in their lowered positions, whereupon the main cylinder and piston will operate'in the us`ual manner to lift the carriage to any desired elevation permitted by the length of the chains and the elevation of the extension mast.

While my invention is particularly useful in operating under low ceilings with an extension mast, it is `also useful where a main mast only is employed. It enables me, by the use of the auxiliary cylinders and pistons, to obtain as high a lift of the carriage with a short main mast as can be obtained with a longer main mast.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim is:

1. In an industrial truck, the combination of a frame, a substantially vertical mast supported by said frame, a carriage slidably mounted upon said mast and means for raising and lowering the said carriage, said ,means comprising a vertically extending main cylinder located adjacent to the said mast, a fluid-pressure-operated element reciprocably mounted in said cylinder and projecting through the top of the latter, a roller supportedby the said element above the said cylinder, an auxiliary vertically extending cylinder located in proximity to the ilrst mentioned cylinder, a fluid-pressure-operated element reciprocably mounted in. said auxiliary cylinder and having its upper end projecting through the upper end of said auxiliary cylinder, and a exible lifting member connected at one end to the said carriage and passing over the top of said roller and connected at its opposite end to the upper end of the second iluid-pressure-operated element, and means for supplying operating fluid 1 to the said cylinders.

2. In an industrial truck, the combination of a frame, a substantially vertical mast supported by said frame and comprising a lower or main mast and an extension mast slidably mounted upon the main mast, a carriage slidable upon the said masts, a main vertically extending cylinder located adjacent to the main mast, a duid-pressureoperated element reciprocably mounted in said cylinder and projecting through the top of the latter, a roller supported by the said element above the said cylinder, the said element being adapted when elevated to elevate the extension mast, a vertically extending auxiliary cylinder located adjacent to the main cylinder, a fluidpressure-operated element reciprocably mounted `in said auxiliary cylinder and having its upper end projecting through the upper end of said auxiliary cylinder, a flexible lifting member connected to the upper end of the second fluid-pressure-operated element and extending around the main mast and having an abutment at the top thereof, a carriage slidable upon the said masts, a main vertically extending cylinder located adjacent to the main mast, a nuid-pressure-operated element reciprocably mountedin said cylinder and projecting through the top of the latter and having a cross head supported by the upper end thereof and adapted by its elevation t'o engage the abutment at the top of the extension mast, rollers on opposite ends o! the said cross head, vertically extending auxiliary cylinders located adjacent to the main cylinder, a iiuidpressure operated element reci-procably mounted in each of the auxiliary cylinders and each having its upper end projecting through the upper end of its cylinder, ilexible lifting members connected respectively to the upper ends of the two last mentioned reciprocably mounted elements and extending around the tops of the said rollers and connected at their lower ends to the said carriage,

' and means for supplyingiiuid to the said cylinders,

4. In an industrial truck, the combination of a frame, a substantially vertical main mast supported by said frame and comprising side members, an extension mast comprising side members slidable upon the side members oi.' the main mast and having an abutment at the top thereof, a carriage slidable upon said side members and means for moving the same therealong, the said vmeans comprising a vertical main cylinder located between the said side members oi' the main mast, a duid-pressure-operated element reciprocably mounted in said cylinder and projecting through the top of the latter, a cross head supported on top of said element, rollers mounted on opposite ends of said cross head, a pair oi vertically arranged auxiliary cylinders adjacent to the main' cylinder, a Huid-pressure-operated element reciprocably mounted in each of the auxiliary cylinders and each having its upper end projecting through the upper end of its cylinder, flexible lifting members connected respectively to the upper ends of the two last mentioned reciprocably mounted elements and extending` around said rollers and connected at their opposite ends to the said carriage, and means for supplying operating fluid to the said cylinders.

5. In the industrial truck set forth in'claim 4, the auxiliary cylinders being attached to opposite side portions of the main cylinder.

. PAUL R. GUERIN.

US2399632A 1945-06-06 1945-06-06 Industrial truck Expired - Lifetime US2399632A (en)

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Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2456320A (en) * 1947-02-24 1948-12-14 Ross Carrier Company Lift truck
US2473659A (en) * 1946-06-10 1949-06-21 Towmotor Corp Industrial truck
US2508507A (en) * 1946-11-20 1950-05-23 Everett E Fowler Ice handling machine
US2528401A (en) * 1946-10-15 1950-10-31 Yale & Towne Mfg Co Industrial truck
US2545417A (en) * 1948-04-21 1951-03-13 Yale & Towne Mfg Co Lift mechanism for industrial trucks
US2554930A (en) * 1946-08-15 1951-05-29 Yale & Towne Mfg Co Lift truck
US2582999A (en) * 1949-05-18 1952-01-22 Baker Raulang Co Industrial truck
US2675990A (en) * 1951-12-13 1954-04-20 Charles E Branick Bumper jack
US2701031A (en) * 1952-07-10 1955-02-01 Peterbilt Motors Company Lift truck
US2925888A (en) * 1956-03-28 1960-02-23 Ver Westdeutsche Waggonfab Lift post especially for lift trucks
US2998106A (en) * 1955-06-30 1961-08-29 Atag Trust Mobile elevating and erecting device for masts assembled from separate sections
US3051265A (en) * 1960-06-06 1962-08-28 Shepard Co Lewis Fork truck with tri-lift mast
US3143190A (en) * 1961-06-14 1964-08-04 Lansing Bagnall Ltd Industrial trucks
US3272287A (en) * 1964-08-18 1966-09-13 Jimmy D Worthey Materials handling apparatus
DE1252136B (en) * 1959-08-13 1967-10-12 Steinbock Gmbh A lift truck with a lifting device for raising and lowering the kraftschluessigen Hubschlittensan a telescopic mast
US3489249A (en) * 1967-12-22 1970-01-13 Crown Controls Corp Industrial lift truck
US4030568A (en) * 1976-03-24 1977-06-21 Caterpillar Tractor Co. High visibility mast for lift trucks
EP0003654A2 (en) * 1978-02-13 1979-08-22 Towmotor Corporation Load-lifting assembly
FR2464221A1 (en) * 1979-09-03 1981-03-06 Kalmar Last Maskin Verkstad Ab lift trucks engine for Bati
US4449614A (en) * 1980-11-28 1984-05-22 Nissan Motor Company, Limited Lift device
US5082090A (en) * 1990-06-11 1992-01-21 Taylor Machine Works, Inc. Stacking mast for a lift truck
US6125971A (en) * 1995-09-13 2000-10-03 Jungheinrich Aktiengesellschaft Forklift truck
US20110091306A1 (en) * 2009-10-20 2011-04-21 Francois Roux Free lift mast for truck mounted forklift

Cited By (27)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2473659A (en) * 1946-06-10 1949-06-21 Towmotor Corp Industrial truck
US2554930A (en) * 1946-08-15 1951-05-29 Yale & Towne Mfg Co Lift truck
US2528401A (en) * 1946-10-15 1950-10-31 Yale & Towne Mfg Co Industrial truck
US2508507A (en) * 1946-11-20 1950-05-23 Everett E Fowler Ice handling machine
US2456320A (en) * 1947-02-24 1948-12-14 Ross Carrier Company Lift truck
US2545417A (en) * 1948-04-21 1951-03-13 Yale & Towne Mfg Co Lift mechanism for industrial trucks
US2582999A (en) * 1949-05-18 1952-01-22 Baker Raulang Co Industrial truck
US2675990A (en) * 1951-12-13 1954-04-20 Charles E Branick Bumper jack
US2701031A (en) * 1952-07-10 1955-02-01 Peterbilt Motors Company Lift truck
US2998106A (en) * 1955-06-30 1961-08-29 Atag Trust Mobile elevating and erecting device for masts assembled from separate sections
US2925888A (en) * 1956-03-28 1960-02-23 Ver Westdeutsche Waggonfab Lift post especially for lift trucks
DE1252136B (en) * 1959-08-13 1967-10-12 Steinbock Gmbh A lift truck with a lifting device for raising and lowering the kraftschluessigen Hubschlittensan a telescopic mast
US3051265A (en) * 1960-06-06 1962-08-28 Shepard Co Lewis Fork truck with tri-lift mast
US3143190A (en) * 1961-06-14 1964-08-04 Lansing Bagnall Ltd Industrial trucks
US3272287A (en) * 1964-08-18 1966-09-13 Jimmy D Worthey Materials handling apparatus
US3489249A (en) * 1967-12-22 1970-01-13 Crown Controls Corp Industrial lift truck
US4030568A (en) * 1976-03-24 1977-06-21 Caterpillar Tractor Co. High visibility mast for lift trucks
EP0003654A2 (en) * 1978-02-13 1979-08-22 Towmotor Corporation Load-lifting assembly
EP0003654A3 (en) * 1978-02-13 1979-09-05 Towmotor Corporation Load-lifting assembly
US4219302A (en) * 1978-02-13 1980-08-26 Towmotor Corporation Cylinder arrangement for raising a carriage and uprights of a mast
US4325464A (en) * 1979-03-09 1982-04-20 Kalmar Last Maskin Verkstad Ab Lifting stand of a motor-driven truck
FR2464221A1 (en) * 1979-09-03 1981-03-06 Kalmar Last Maskin Verkstad Ab lift trucks engine for Bati
US4449614A (en) * 1980-11-28 1984-05-22 Nissan Motor Company, Limited Lift device
US5082090A (en) * 1990-06-11 1992-01-21 Taylor Machine Works, Inc. Stacking mast for a lift truck
US6125971A (en) * 1995-09-13 2000-10-03 Jungheinrich Aktiengesellschaft Forklift truck
US20110091306A1 (en) * 2009-10-20 2011-04-21 Francois Roux Free lift mast for truck mounted forklift
US8777545B2 (en) 2009-10-20 2014-07-15 Bright Coop, Inc. Free lift mast for truck mounted forklift

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