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US2398603A - Fastener - Google Patents

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Publication number
US2398603A
US2398603A US58904745A US2398603A US 2398603 A US2398603 A US 2398603A US 58904745 A US58904745 A US 58904745A US 2398603 A US2398603 A US 2398603A
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US
Grant status
Grant
Patent type
Prior art keywords
joint
teeth
staple
staples
cutting
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
Inventor
Gustave J Soderberg
Original Assignee
Gustave J Soderberg
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Grant date

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS, WEDGES, JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B15/00Nails; Staples
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S411/00Expanded, threaded, driven, headed, tool-deformed, or locked-threaded fastener
    • Y10S411/912Antisplitting fastener
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S411/00Expanded, threaded, driven, headed, tool-deformed, or locked-threaded fastener
    • Y10S411/92Staple
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T29/00Metal working
    • Y10T29/49Method of mechanical manufacture
    • Y10T29/49826Assembling or joining
    • Y10T29/49833Punching, piercing or reaming part by surface of second part
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T403/00Joints and connections
    • Y10T403/55Member ends joined by inserted section
    • Y10T403/553Laterally inserted section
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T403/00Joints and connections
    • Y10T403/72Miter joint

Description

April 16, 1946. G. J. SODERBERG FASTENER Filed April 18, l945 R 0 T. N E V N I GUST/IVE J SODERBERG Q A T TORNE VS having knife edged sharp PatentedApr. 16,

This invention relates to nails and staples employed in carpentry and other similar types of assembled constructions, and refers more particularly to specially shaped metal staples for clamping securely joints of wood or other porous or fibrous materials.

When a wood joint is held by wooden pegs and glue, the assembled object acquires with time and wear a tendency to loosen and become dislocated.

In other cases the use of nails or screws is either.

impractical or uneconomical due to cost of materials and the additional labor.

One type of wood joint fastener now available has a corrugated shape intended to prevent'slipping or pulling apart of the adjoining wood pieces but it was found that these fasteners were not suited for permanently solid assemblies because the joint is weakened by the cutting of the wood fibers by the corrugations.

Therefore, an object of the present invention is to provide an improved joining staple designed to be hammered in across a joint without weakening the wood structure at this joint.

Another object is to provide a simple inexpensive staple intended for assembling wood joints more efflciently than by the use of nails and adhesives.

A further object is the provision of a staple which is so constructed that it will hold a joint securely and without interfering with the planing of the joint as a whole.

Yet another object is the provision of fasteners joints which make possible an easy driving intoflbrous materials, thus reducing breakage and splitting.

Still another object is the provision of a staple which is so constructed that it will follow the grain of the wood throughout its length, after having been driven into a wooden joint.

Other objects of the present invention will become apparent in the course of the following specification. i

In accomplishing the objects of the present invention it was found advisable to provide staples adapted to extend across the joints and having the form of L- or U-shaped strips with a plurality 'of sharp teeth dependent therefrom. Preferably, the teeth have a wide cutting edge similar to a spade.

The invention will appear more clearly from the following detailed description when taken in con--v nection with the accompanying drawing showing, by way of example, preferred embodiments of the inventive idea.

In the drawing:

Figure 1 is a perspective view of a staple constructed in accordance with the present invent on.

Figure 2 illustrates the manner in which staples of the type shown in Figure 1 may be embedded in a mitre or L-shaped joint.-

Figure 3 shows a U-shaped staple provided with wide teeth.

Figure 4 illustrates a T-shaped joint held by a staple shown in Figure 3.

The angular staple 8 shown in Figures 1 and 2 includes a body l0 bent at a right angle and carrying dependent teeth ll, l2, l3 and It. The teeth if to I have wide cutting edges I! which act as sharp spade edges when the staple is driven into a body.

teeth II and I2, and I3 and H, respectively.

A wooden mitre joint shown in Figure 2 may consist of pieces 20 and 2| which extend at right angles to each other and which contact each other along a surface [9. Any suitable number of staples 9 may be driven into the joint to hold together the pieces 20 and 2|. 1

The staples may be hammered into the joint in a position in which the edge 22 between the two sides of a staple will be located within the contacting surface l9, so that the staples will extend symmetrically and uniformly on both sides of the surface l9. Then each of the staples 9 will extend along the grain of the wood throughout its length.

It is apparent that the staples 9 will firmly hold the joint without weakening itscross-section and that the staples will not interfere with any planing or polishing of thesurfaces 23, 24, 25, 26, 21, 28, 29 or 30 of the joint.

Figure 3 shows a staple for joining pieces. The staple 44 consists of a body 82 bent twice at 3| and 32 to form two right angles and carrying dependent teeth 33, 34, 35, 36, 31, 38 and a number of wide cutting edges 39, 40, ll, 42, 43 in a lower portion of this body intermediate the above mentioned teeth. The utilization of this staple is shown in Figure 4 wherein staple 44 is hammered in across joint 45 thus fastening piece 46 to transverse piece 41.

The present invention thus provides a simple and inexpensive means to join rapidly and firmly pieces of wood or similar materials without excessively weakening the, structure of the material near the assembled joint. The described staples do not interfere with the planing or polishing of the joint and always extend in the direction of the grain of the wood.

In the making of these staples it was found that relatively soft sheet iron was a suitable ma- T-shaped terial for most joining purposes, and that an increased binding efl'ect was obtained by employing several staples across one joint as shown in Figure 2.

Tempering the stamped out staples for increasing their hardness and rigidity was found desirable for fastening large heavy pieces of harder materials;

It is apparent that the above examples have been given solely by way of illustration and not by way of limitation and that the illustrations shown above are capable oi wide variations and modifications within the scope of the present invention. All of such variations and modifications are to be included within the scope of the present invention.

What is claimed is:

1. A joining staple, comprising a metal body having at least two portions extendirz at right angles to each other and at least two teeth carried upon each 01' said portions, each of said teeth consisting of a fiat substantially rectangular body having. a. cutting edge extending substantially being located in one parallel to its body portion, the cutting edges of all of said teeth being located in one plane, each of said portions having another cutting edge extending between the teeth of that portion, the second mentioned cutting edges being also located in one plane.

2. A Joining staple, comprising a metal body having a middle portion and two end portions extending at right angles to said middle portion, and at least two teeth carried upon each or said portions, each 01' said teeth consisting of a flat substantially rectangular body having a cutting edge extending substantially parallel to its body portion. the cutting edges of all of said teeth plane, said body having cutting edges extending between said teeth and located in one plane.

GUSTAVE J. SODERBERG.

US2398603A 1945-04-18 1945-04-18 Fastener Expired - Lifetime US2398603A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2398603A US2398603A (en) 1945-04-18 1945-04-18 Fastener

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US2398603A US2398603A (en) 1945-04-18 1945-04-18 Fastener

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2398603A true US2398603A (en) 1946-04-16

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US2398603A Expired - Lifetime US2398603A (en) 1945-04-18 1945-04-18 Fastener

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Cited By (26)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2569532A (en) * 1948-06-09 1951-10-02 Franklin W Marshall Joining device
US2596181A (en) * 1949-07-20 1952-05-13 E B Packard Co Inc Wood fastener
US3266361A (en) * 1963-08-09 1966-08-16 Metalcraft Corp Miter joint nail
US4338039A (en) * 1980-03-03 1982-07-06 Demonty Guillermo A Toenail
US4418509A (en) * 1979-08-30 1983-12-06 Gang-Nail Systems, Inc. Structural joint connector
US4645374A (en) * 1986-01-31 1987-02-24 Erickson Arvid L Panel and connector assembly
US4681498A (en) * 1985-03-12 1987-07-21 Giuseppe Raffoni Clip fastener for corner jointing section profile elements
US4960420A (en) * 1988-08-23 1990-10-02 Marlowe Goble E Channel ligament clamp and system
US5314427A (en) * 1992-10-13 1994-05-24 Marlowe Goble E Channel ligament clamp
US5352229A (en) * 1993-05-12 1994-10-04 Marlowe Goble E Arbor press staple and washer and method for its use
US5377732A (en) * 1993-03-25 1995-01-03 Forestry And Forest Products Research Institute Wood joining structure and method thereof
US5527342A (en) * 1993-12-14 1996-06-18 Pietrzak; William S. Method and apparatus for securing soft tissues, tendons and ligaments to bone
EP0999320A2 (en) 1998-11-05 2000-05-10 Eberle, Harry W., III Anchoring biscuit device
US20040184878A1 (en) * 2003-03-20 2004-09-23 Eberle Harry W. Decking anchor device
US20040182034A1 (en) * 2003-03-20 2004-09-23 Eberle Harry W. Expansion-compensating deck fastener
US20050277933A1 (en) * 1999-07-07 2005-12-15 Wall Eric J Spinal correction system
US20070265117A1 (en) * 2006-05-12 2007-11-15 David Julian Four piece table tennis table having a stabilized joint
US20090287249A1 (en) * 2005-09-21 2009-11-19 Children's Hospital Medical Center And Spineform Llc Orthopedic implant
US7908812B2 (en) 2002-01-03 2011-03-22 Eberle Harry W Iii Decking system and anchoring device
US8256614B1 (en) 2006-09-25 2012-09-04 Wadsworth Sr Keven R Interconnected and on-site severable deck clips with cooperating installation tool for joining two adjacent decking planks to an underlying support structure
US9637934B2 (en) 2009-11-25 2017-05-02 Simpson Strong-Tie Company Inc. Gangable composite deck clip
US9700931B2 (en) 2009-11-25 2017-07-11 Simpson Strong-Tie Company Inc. Methods of making a clip for attaching decking
USD792757S1 (en) 2016-06-20 2017-07-25 Simpson Strong-Tie Company Inc. Deck board fastener
USD795049S1 (en) 2016-06-20 2017-08-22 Simpson Strong-Tie Company Inc. Deck board fastener
USD796306S1 (en) 2016-06-20 2017-09-05 Simpson Strong-Tie Company Inc. Deck board fastener
USD796305S1 (en) 2016-06-20 2017-09-05 Simpson Strong-Tie Company Inc. Deck board fastener

Cited By (40)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2569532A (en) * 1948-06-09 1951-10-02 Franklin W Marshall Joining device
US2596181A (en) * 1949-07-20 1952-05-13 E B Packard Co Inc Wood fastener
US3266361A (en) * 1963-08-09 1966-08-16 Metalcraft Corp Miter joint nail
US4418509A (en) * 1979-08-30 1983-12-06 Gang-Nail Systems, Inc. Structural joint connector
US4338039A (en) * 1980-03-03 1982-07-06 Demonty Guillermo A Toenail
US4681498A (en) * 1985-03-12 1987-07-21 Giuseppe Raffoni Clip fastener for corner jointing section profile elements
US4645374A (en) * 1986-01-31 1987-02-24 Erickson Arvid L Panel and connector assembly
US4960420A (en) * 1988-08-23 1990-10-02 Marlowe Goble E Channel ligament clamp and system
US5314427A (en) * 1992-10-13 1994-05-24 Marlowe Goble E Channel ligament clamp
US5377732A (en) * 1993-03-25 1995-01-03 Forestry And Forest Products Research Institute Wood joining structure and method thereof
US5352229A (en) * 1993-05-12 1994-10-04 Marlowe Goble E Arbor press staple and washer and method for its use
US5527342A (en) * 1993-12-14 1996-06-18 Pietrzak; William S. Method and apparatus for securing soft tissues, tendons and ligaments to bone
US6402415B1 (en) 1997-03-05 2002-06-11 Eberle, Iii Harry W. Anchoring biscuit device
EP0999320A2 (en) 1998-11-05 2000-05-10 Eberle, Harry W., III Anchoring biscuit device
US20050277933A1 (en) * 1999-07-07 2005-12-15 Wall Eric J Spinal correction system
US8021403B2 (en) * 1999-07-07 2011-09-20 Children's Hospital Medical Center Spinal staple system
US8287206B2 (en) 2002-01-03 2012-10-16 Blue Heron Enterprises Llc Decking system and anchoring device
US20110129293A1 (en) * 2002-01-03 2011-06-02 Blue Heron Enterprises, Llc Decking system and anchoring device
US7908812B2 (en) 2002-01-03 2011-03-22 Eberle Harry W Iii Decking system and anchoring device
US9228362B2 (en) 2002-01-03 2016-01-05 Blue Heron Enterprise LLC Decking system and anchoring device
US20040184878A1 (en) * 2003-03-20 2004-09-23 Eberle Harry W. Decking anchor device
US7578105B2 (en) 2003-03-20 2009-08-25 Blue Heron Enterprises, Llc Expansion-compensating deck fastener
US20100139198A1 (en) * 2003-03-20 2010-06-10 Eberle Iii Harry W Expansion-compensating deck fastener
US7874113B2 (en) 2003-03-20 2011-01-25 Eberle Iii Harry W Expansion-compensating deck fastener
US6851884B2 (en) 2003-03-20 2005-02-08 Blue Heron Enterprises, Llc Decking anchor device
US20040182034A1 (en) * 2003-03-20 2004-09-23 Eberle Harry W. Expansion-compensating deck fastener
US20110126486A1 (en) * 2003-03-20 2011-06-02 Eberle Iii Harry W Expansion-compensating deck fastener
US8161702B2 (en) 2003-03-20 2012-04-24 Blue Heron Enterprises Llc Expansion-compensating deck fastener
US9072554B2 (en) 2005-09-21 2015-07-07 Children's Hospital Medical Center Orthopedic implant
US20090287249A1 (en) * 2005-09-21 2009-11-19 Children's Hospital Medical Center And Spineform Llc Orthopedic implant
US7704170B2 (en) * 2006-05-12 2010-04-27 Sop Services, Inc. Four piece table tennis table having a stabilized joint
US20070265117A1 (en) * 2006-05-12 2007-11-15 David Julian Four piece table tennis table having a stabilized joint
US8256614B1 (en) 2006-09-25 2012-09-04 Wadsworth Sr Keven R Interconnected and on-site severable deck clips with cooperating installation tool for joining two adjacent decking planks to an underlying support structure
US9637934B2 (en) 2009-11-25 2017-05-02 Simpson Strong-Tie Company Inc. Gangable composite deck clip
US9700931B2 (en) 2009-11-25 2017-07-11 Simpson Strong-Tie Company Inc. Methods of making a clip for attaching decking
US9868147B2 (en) 2009-11-25 2018-01-16 Simpson Strong-Tie Company Inc. Method of making composite deck clips
USD792757S1 (en) 2016-06-20 2017-07-25 Simpson Strong-Tie Company Inc. Deck board fastener
USD795049S1 (en) 2016-06-20 2017-08-22 Simpson Strong-Tie Company Inc. Deck board fastener
USD796306S1 (en) 2016-06-20 2017-09-05 Simpson Strong-Tie Company Inc. Deck board fastener
USD796305S1 (en) 2016-06-20 2017-09-05 Simpson Strong-Tie Company Inc. Deck board fastener

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