US2392551A - Interlocking building block - Google Patents

Interlocking building block Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2392551A
US2392551A US486355A US48635543A US2392551A US 2392551 A US2392551 A US 2392551A US 486355 A US486355 A US 486355A US 48635543 A US48635543 A US 48635543A US 2392551 A US2392551 A US 2392551A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
block
blocks
key
keyways
courses
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US486355A
Inventor
Roe James
Original Assignee
Albert Kahn
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Albert Kahn filed Critical Albert Kahn
Priority to US486355A priority Critical patent/US2392551A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2392551A publication Critical patent/US2392551A/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2/04Walls having neither cavities between, nor in, the solid elements
    • E04B2/06Walls having neither cavities between, nor in, the solid elements using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position
    • E04B2/08Walls having neither cavities between, nor in, the solid elements using elements having specially-designed means for stabilising the position by interlocking of projections or inserts with indentations, e.g. of tongues, grooves, dovetails
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/02Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls built-up from layers of building elements
    • E04B2002/0202Details of connections
    • E04B2002/0243Separate connectors or inserts, e.g. pegs, pins or keys
    • E04B2002/0252Dovetail keys

Description

Jan. 8, 1946, J. ROE

INTERLOCKING BUILDING BLOCK Filed May 10, 1943 INVENTOR. Lie 277265 fibe Patented Jan. 8, 1946 INTERLOCKING BUILDING BLOCK James Roe, Chicago, IlL, assignor of one-half to Albert Kahn, Chicago, Ill.

Application May 10, 1943, Serial No. 486,355 '1 Claims. (01. 72-38) This invention relates tointerlocking building blocks and to building walls constructed there- I from.

It is one of the objects of the present invention to provide a building wall built of blocks laid in courses and so arranged that each block is interlocked with the adjacent blocks of its course and with the blocks of the adjacent courses whereby a sturdy construction is obtained. is a further object of the present invention to provide a wall whereby interlocking means also serves as a wind break to prevent the movement of air through the wall at the joints between blocks.

It is a still further object of the present invention to provide a wall formed of building blocks so interlocked that a sagging of a small part of the wall base will not result in the development the edge of a modified block employing the key of Figures 6 and 7.

Referring now more particularly to Figure 1, a

be interlocked both as to successive blocks of a of cracks between blocks of a course or between the respective courses.

It is a still further object of the present invention to provide a building block which can be made quickly, easily and cheaply, and which is provided with keys and keyways for interlocking it with adjacent blocks. Another feature of the invention lies in the provision of a building block with interlocking means to assure proper positioning of the block in the wall and a facing )f non-hygroscopic plastic so secured thereto that there can be relative expansion and contraction between the block and its facing without injuring the facing.

The attainment of the above and further objects of the present invention will be apparent from the following specification taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawing forming a part thereof.

In the drawing:

Figure 1 is a perspective view of a portion of a wall constructed by blocks of the present invention;

Figure 2 is a central longitudinal sectional view through the wall of Figure 1;

Figure 3 is a sectional view taken along the line 3-4 of Figure 2;

Figure 4 is an enlarged perspective view of the block of the present invention, with parts thereof broken away;

Figure 5 is a perspective view of a key used in the wall of Figure 1;

Figure 6 is a top view of a modified key construction;

Figure 7 is an end view of the key of Figure 6; and

Figure 8 is a fragmentary perspective view of course and as to successive courses. Each block is of a generally rectangular shape and may be made of any desired material, such as concrete or the like. The face of the block is covered by a facing plate 3 which may be of any non-hygroscopic plastic that has the desired physical appearance and which will not deteriorate when subjected to weather conditions to which a building block of the present type is subjected. The facing plate 3 may be a thermo-plastic or a thermo-setting material or of various ones of the synthetic resins. It is comparatively thin and has longitudinally extending projections H on the back thereof, which projections are wedgeshaped and integral with the facing plate. A

layer 5 of asphalt or asphalt impregnated paper 'or the like is interposed between the facing plate 3 and the block 2 to allow a limited amount of relative expansion ad contraction between the facing plate and the block.

In the manufacture of the block 2 the facing plate 3 is prefabricated and placed in the botjections 4 form and extend into similar wedgeshaped grooves in the face of the block 2 thus a forming a dovetail joint. The asphalt layer 5 extends around the wedge-shaped projections 4.

The block 2 has dovetail-shaped keyways 8-8 at opposite side faces thereof. In addition, the I top surface in of the block has a keyway opening ll formed therein which opening is of a double dovetail shape, namely, the shape of two of the keyways 88. The opening ll extends into the block only a short distance, as is apparent from Figure 3. The top surface ill of the block has one or more longitudinally extending identical inclined tongues or keys ll projecting upwardly therefrom. These keys extend the full length of the block and are at a substantial angle to the vertical, as may be seen from Figure 3. The bottom of the block has identical grooves or keyways l5--i 5 which are of the same shape as the keys I4 and extend the full length of the block.

Keys 20, which are separate from the blocks, are provided for interlocking adjacent blocks of a course and for interlocking adjacent courses.

'Ihese keys 20 are in the shape 01' a double dovetail and lit into the keyways 8 of two adjacent blocks of the same course, as may be seen from Figure i. In the case of the lowermost course the key 28 is made of a length equal to the height of the block. 7 In the case of all succeeding courses, the key 28 used is of a length in excess of the height of the block. The key 28 extends through the dovetail keyways 8-8 of adjacent blocks, and the lower end of the key 20 extends into the key opening H of the next lower block in the top of which opening the key fits snugly. The bottom of the key 20 is tapered to facilitate entry. of the key into the opening II, and acts as a wedge to align the blocks of adjacent courses. The key 28 not only looks adjacent blocks of the same course together but also locks each course to the subjacent course and holds the courses or the blocks of the courses against relative horizontal shifting.

In the laying of the blocks each block is positioned on its subjacent block by a movement which is downward and forward so that the keyways it of the block that is being lowered slide on the keys ll of the subjacent course. When the block that is being positionedreaches its proper position upon the next lower course the front surfaces of the two blocks are in alignment.

The bottom of the key 28 is tapered so that at it very bottom the key 28 is of a cross sectional shape and area substantially less than the area of the opening II. This facilitates positioning of the key for if the keyways 8-8 through which the key is being driven are slightly displaced from the opening H in the subjacent block whenv the key is being driven downwardly, the tapered lower edge of the key 28 will nevertheless enter the opening Ii. Upon further forcing of the key 28 into the keyways the key will cause a relative shifting of the courses to bring the keyways 8-8 directly in vertical the subjacent block.

When the wall has been erected each of the blocks is held against horizontal movement and against vertical movement. Thus if there should be a slight sa ging of the foundation at one point in the length of the wall, or a sagging of a doorway or window support, the block 2 over the part that sags will not drop. It will, instead, remain suspended fromits keys II that are in the keyways I! of the blocks above. It will remain suspended in this manner because in order to drop, the block would have to shift forwardly, and such shifting is prevented by the interlocking keys 20.

In Figures 6, '7 and 8 I have illustrated a somewhat different shape of key, corresponding to the key 20, and difierent shaped slots corresponding to the keyway slots 8 and I I. In other respects the blocks of Figure 8 are the same as the blocks of Figure 4. The key illustrated in Figures 6 and 7 is indicated by the ref erence numeral 30. The key consists of two similar knobs 3l3| joined by a bridge'or web portion 32 that extends the full length of the key. The surfaces 83-33 of the knobs 3| are parallel to one another, being truly vertical. The inner surfaces of the knobs, indicated at il-fl, are slightly tapered vertically so that each knob is substantially thicker at its top than at its bottom or, stated otherwise, the distance between the knobs and the width of the bridge or .web 82, progressively increases from the top to the bottom of the key. The slots 8 in the side wall of each block are of a shape corresponding to the shape of the key 80, that is, each slot has a vertical wall 36 and has an inclined wall 81. When the key 30 is first placed into the keyways in the blocks the lower end of the key fits very loosely in the top of the keyway so that even if the blocks are not sumciently close together the key will nevertheless lit into the keyway slots. As the key is being driven home the inclined surfaces of the key bear against the surfaces 81 of the keyway slots in the blocks and draw the blocks together. The bottom of the key enters into a correspondingly shaped opening the center of the subjacent block located as is the opening H of the block of Figure 4, to interlock the courses together.

In compliance with the requirements of the patent statutes I have here shown and described a preferred embodiment of my invention. It is, however, to be understood that the invention is not limited to the precise construction here shown, the same being merely illustrative of the principles of the invention.

What I consider new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. A wall structure comprising a series of superposed courses of building blocks, matching keyways in certain adjacent blocksin a course,

keys in said keyways locking said adjacent blocks together,each of said keys extending from one course into and fitting snugly within an opening in a block of an adjacent course, thereby also locking adjacent courses together against horizontal shifting, and tongue and groove connections inclined to the longitudinl axes of the keys and interlocking blocks of adjacent courses whereby said first named keys and'said'tongue and groove connections lock the courses against vertical asv well as" horizontal shifting, the tongues of the tongue and groove connections being each integral with a block.

2. A wall structure comprising a series of superposed courses or building blocks. matching keyways extending through the height of certain adjacent blocks in a course, keys in said keyways locking said adjacent blocks together, each of said keys extending from one course intoiand fitting snugly within an opening in a block of an adjacent course, thereby also locking adjacent courses together against horizontal'shifting, and means inclined to the longitudinal axes of the keys and interlocking the blocks or adjacent courses whereby said named keys and said last 'means lock the courses against vertical as well as horizontal shifting.

3. A wall structure comprising a series of superposed courses of building blocks, matching keyways extending through the height of certain adjacent blocks in a course, keys in said keyways locking said adjacent blocks together, each of said keys extending from one course into and fitting snugly within an opening in a block of an adjacent course, thereby also locking adjacent courses together against horizontal shifting, said keys extending the full height of a block and thus constituting wind breaks between adjacent blocks of a course, and means interlocking blocks of adjacent courses, said means being inclined to the longitudinal axes. of said keys whereby said keys and said last named means lock the courses against vertical as well as against horizontal shifting, said last named means extending the full lengths or the blocks and thus constituting wind breaks between courses.

4. A wall structure comprising a series of superposed courses of building blocks, matching keyways extending vertically through certain ad- J'acent blocks in a course, keys separate from said blocks and located each in a set of matching keyways for locking said adjacent blocks together, and tongues and grooves inclined to the vertical and interlocking blocks of adjacent courses whereby said first named keys and said tongues and grooves lock the courses against vertical as well as horizontal shifting, the inclination of the tongues and grooves with respect to the vertically extending keyways preventing placing of a block in interlocking relationship to a subjacent block by a vertical lowering movement and requiring a movement at an angle to the vertical to bring a block into and out of position with respect to similar blocks in adjacent courses.

5. A building block of a. generally rectangular shape having parallel keyways in the sides thereof for facilitating interlocking of the block with adjacent blocks in the same course, and having a key receiving opening in the top surface thereof, said block having matching longitudinally extending tongues and tongue-receiving grooves across the opposite horizontal surfaces thereof and inclined to the longitudinal axis of the parallel keyways, said block being adapted to be laid with similar blocks in courses to form a wall structure with the tongue of one block entering the inclined groove of a superposed block, the inclination of the tongue and groove with respect to the parallel keyways preventing the placing of the block in interlocking relationship with another similar block by a lowering movement parallel to the longitudinal axes of said parallel keyways and requiring a movement at an angle to the longitudinal axes of said parallel keyways to bring said block into and out of position with respect to similar blocks in adjacent courses.

6. A building block of a generally rectangular shape, a longitudinally extending inclined tongue across the top of the block and projecting up-- wardly therefrom at a substantial angle to the vertical, said block having along the bottom surface thereof an inclined groove which as to shape jacent courses.

and location is a counterpart of the tongue on the top surface, and a keyway extending vertically completely through the block for facilitating locking the block against horizontal shifting with respect to adjacent blocks, said block being adapted to be laid with similar blocks in courses to form a wall structure with the tongue of the block entering the inclined groove of a superposed block, the inclination of the tongue and groove with respect to the vertically extending keyway preventing the placing of the block in interlocking relationship to a subjacent block by a lowering movement parallel to the longitudinal axis of said keyway and requiring a movement at an angle to the longitudinal axis of the vertical keyway to bring said block into and out of position with respect to similar blocks in adjacent courses.

7. A building block adapted to be laid with similar blocks in courses to form a. wall structure,

the opposite transverse ends of the block having keyways extending from the top to the bottom thereof with the keyways at the two transverse ends parallel. to one another and identically spaced from the front of the block so that when the end of the block is placed in abutment with the opposite end of a similar block in the laying of a course the keyways of the two blocks will match one another to receive a single interlocking key, the top and the bottom surfaces of the block having means extending longitudinally of the block for facilitating interlocking said block with similar blocks above and below the same, said means including a groove on at least one of said surfaces for receiving an interlocking key, said groove being at a substantial inclination to the longitudinal axes of said keyways whereby the last named means prevents the separation oi a block in interlocking relationship from superposed block by a lowering. movement parallel to the longitudinal axes of the keyways and requires a movement at an angle to the longitudinal axis of the keyways to bring said block into and out of position with respect to similar blocks in ad- JAMES ROE.

US486355A 1943-05-10 1943-05-10 Interlocking building block Expired - Lifetime US2392551A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US486355A US2392551A (en) 1943-05-10 1943-05-10 Interlocking building block

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US486355A US2392551A (en) 1943-05-10 1943-05-10 Interlocking building block

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2392551A true US2392551A (en) 1946-01-08

Family

ID=23931555

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US486355A Expired - Lifetime US2392551A (en) 1943-05-10 1943-05-10 Interlocking building block

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2392551A (en)

Cited By (108)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2482870A (en) * 1947-11-12 1949-09-27 Louis P Price Prefabricated cesspool structure
US2618146A (en) * 1945-12-28 1952-11-18 Ciarlini Luigi Reinforced concrete column, bracket, and beam joint
US2657153A (en) * 1948-06-04 1953-10-27 Burns & Russell Co Coating ceramic and masonry products
US2674775A (en) * 1946-07-03 1954-04-13 Corwin D Willson Making molded panels
US2744479A (en) * 1954-08-25 1956-05-08 Amsler Morton Corp Soaking pit curb
US2751775A (en) * 1955-07-12 1956-06-26 Burns & Russell Co Masonry block having an integral molded facing layer and method of making same
US2792614A (en) * 1953-11-06 1957-05-21 Robert L Altschuler Device for making building blocks
US2850890A (en) * 1951-06-04 1958-09-09 Rubenstein David Precast element and reinforced facing layer bonded thereto
US2933920A (en) * 1956-04-09 1960-04-26 Steuler Industriewerke Gmbh Building blocks
DE1094433B (en) * 1957-07-12 1960-12-08 Dolerit Basalt Ag Collapsible radiation protection wall, in particular for nuclear reactors
US3071674A (en) * 1957-11-28 1963-01-01 Hubert L Naimer Assembly of axially aligned components
US3123345A (en) * 1964-03-03 Refractory structure for molten glass
DE1171593B (en) * 1956-04-09 1964-06-04 Steuler Industriewerke Gmbh Perforated brick for chimneys or Reaktionstuerme and process for its preparation
US3196496A (en) * 1955-07-15 1965-07-27 Stephen J Czecholinski Interlocking building blocks for forming movable closures
US3296758A (en) * 1963-06-28 1967-01-10 Kirkkejner O Knudsen Superimposed building blocks with vertically spaced flat bars interfitted therewith connected by threaded stud members
US3362739A (en) * 1964-08-08 1968-01-09 Staeger Hans Connecting elements for panels or the like
US3461631A (en) * 1967-01-16 1969-08-19 Anthony Brugnola Complementary modules and structures therefrom
US3648393A (en) * 1970-04-13 1972-03-14 Salvatore C Parrilla Interconnected picture frames
US3785098A (en) * 1969-07-01 1974-01-15 Schweitzer H E Ag Composite panel structure
US3791090A (en) * 1971-12-30 1974-02-12 A Kniefel Building block
US3964402A (en) * 1974-05-01 1976-06-22 Wenger Corporation Portable stage
WO1980000588A1 (en) * 1978-09-01 1980-04-03 C Inman Undersea platform construction system
US4297816A (en) * 1979-07-12 1981-11-03 George Kella Interlocking construction block
US4391077A (en) * 1978-12-08 1983-07-05 Fletcher Timber Limited Method of constructing a building system
US4457117A (en) * 1982-05-14 1984-07-03 Benedetti Corporation Modular room divider system
WO1984003319A1 (en) * 1983-02-24 1984-08-30 Rother Carole A Construction systems and elements thereof
US4597236A (en) * 1984-07-10 1986-07-01 Braxton James S Hollow wall construction
US4712322A (en) * 1986-07-21 1987-12-15 Liberty Gifts, Inc. Multiple modular frame apparatus for displaying items
US4922678A (en) * 1987-03-20 1990-05-08 Rolf Scheiwiller Structural assembly for producing interconnecting structures
US5020289A (en) * 1987-11-23 1991-06-04 Wrightman Ronald A In log joint and machine for forming log joint
US5480267A (en) * 1991-09-20 1996-01-02 Sf-Kooperation Gmbh Beton-Konzepte Set of structural elements made up of concrete blocks, and a gravity retaining wall erected therefrom
US5713085A (en) * 1995-11-27 1998-02-03 Beckett Corporation Patio pond
US5794372A (en) * 1995-10-05 1998-08-18 Grana; Gary G. Picture frame molding
EP0872607A2 (en) * 1997-04-19 1998-10-21 Reiner Klinkhammer Building element, gravity wall made therefrom and its building method
US5839243A (en) * 1996-09-13 1998-11-24 New Energy Wall Systems, Inc. Interlocking and insulated form pattern assembly for creating a wall structure for receiving poured concrete
WO1999013176A1 (en) * 1997-09-08 1999-03-18 Dominic Cerrato Flexible interlocking wall system
US5890332A (en) * 1997-01-17 1999-04-06 Skidmore; Lester J. Reconstituted wood block modular building system
US5901521A (en) * 1997-03-10 1999-05-11 Guy; John H. Apparatus for dimensionally uniform building construction using interlocking connectors
US5954562A (en) * 1998-07-06 1999-09-21 Chen; Chen-Yao Building block assembly
US5970675A (en) * 1997-12-05 1999-10-26 James D. Wright Modular panel assembly
US5984589A (en) * 1998-03-10 1999-11-16 Ciccarello; Charles Wall construction block with retaining pin inserts
ES2137063A1 (en) * 1995-08-01 1999-12-01 Elena Diaz Fernando Novel assembly method for producing rigid panels connecting individual (loose) pieces
US6176049B1 (en) 1997-12-08 2001-01-23 Step-By-Step Systems, Llc Concrete elevation assembly, hollow concrete block, and method of making
US6189282B1 (en) * 1998-06-24 2001-02-20 Building Works, Inc. Mortarless concrete block
US6240693B1 (en) 1999-05-28 2001-06-05 Gary L. Komasara Interlocking and insulating form pattern assembly for creating a wall structure for receiving poured concrete and method for producing a form pattern assembly
US6539682B1 (en) * 1998-05-11 2003-04-01 Interlock Holdings Pty Ltd. Building elements and methods in relation to same
US6546687B2 (en) * 2000-04-20 2003-04-15 Sang Keun Oh Waterproofing method by using plastic panels
US20030188505A1 (en) * 2000-08-17 2003-10-09 Marshall Richard Granville Structural module
US20040006945A1 (en) * 2000-09-20 2004-01-15 Price Raymond R Mortarless wall structure
US6848228B1 (en) * 2000-03-21 2005-02-01 Chester W. Williams Method and apparatus for making foam blocks and for building structures therewith
US20050086892A1 (en) * 2003-10-24 2005-04-28 Dean Robert W.Jr. Block wall system
US20050257466A1 (en) * 2004-05-07 2005-11-24 Masoud Tabeshnekoo Building material
US20060000179A1 (en) * 2004-06-16 2006-01-05 Albert Abdallah J Building block
US20060005500A1 (en) * 2004-07-07 2006-01-12 Vahak Hovnanian Mortar less brick wall construction
US20070074478A1 (en) * 2005-09-06 2007-04-05 Rocvale Produits De Beton Inc. Block connector
US7207146B1 (en) * 2003-05-14 2007-04-24 Kelly J Morrell Multiple purpose wall block
US20070167260A1 (en) * 1998-10-01 2007-07-19 Cope Jeffrey L Golf ball position marker assembly
US20070245660A1 (en) * 2006-03-29 2007-10-25 Scott Robert E Wall construction system and method
ES2288428A1 (en) * 2006-06-26 2008-01-01 Manuel Muñoz Saiz Method and system of modular construction for buildings and the like.
EP1882788A2 (en) * 2006-07-28 2008-01-30 Polystone GmbH Component for a modular construction system, in particular for manufacturing temporary buildings
US20080134615A1 (en) * 2006-05-18 2008-06-12 Angelo Risi Combination of a structural block and a facing element attached thereto
US20080222969A1 (en) * 2007-03-16 2008-09-18 Abb Technology Ag Docking station for a transformer and method for installation of a transformer station
US20080225467A1 (en) * 2007-03-16 2008-09-18 Abb Technology Ag Electrical tranformer station with a modular foundation
US20080263986A1 (en) * 2005-02-28 2008-10-30 Zipblocks, Llc Modular Blocks and Structures Made Therefrom
US20090013577A1 (en) * 2007-07-09 2009-01-15 Askremco Llc Picture Frame System
US20090145063A1 (en) * 2004-11-22 2009-06-11 Saint-Gobain Glass France Linking elements designed to equip panels, in particular glass panels, for fixing and panels equipped with same
DE102008031589A1 (en) * 2008-07-03 2010-01-14 Ortwein Gmbh Method for manufacturing wall elements and devices for building, involves manufacturing wall elements by mortar bulk, reversibly detachable assembly of molds, and providing molds with surface elements
US20100018146A1 (en) * 2007-02-02 2010-01-28 Les Matériaux De Construction Oldcastle Canada, In Wall with decorative facing
US20100050556A1 (en) * 2006-07-01 2010-03-04 Gregory Burns Panel Structure
US20100095631A1 (en) * 2008-10-17 2010-04-22 Cables Raymond W Modular building blocks and building block systems
US7861479B2 (en) 2005-01-14 2011-01-04 Airlite Plastics, Co. Insulated foam panel forms
US20110000161A1 (en) * 2007-02-02 2011-01-06 Les Materiaux De Construction Oldcastle Canada, Inc. Wall with decorative facing
US20110247289A1 (en) * 2010-04-09 2011-10-13 Malcolm Schmidt Building Block Having The Appearance of Wood Shake
WO2012040789A1 (en) * 2010-10-01 2012-04-05 University Of Western Australia Construction block
US8225565B2 (en) * 2011-08-11 2012-07-24 Jesse Barton Cox Insulated natural log cabin
CZ303550B6 (en) * 2011-10-12 2012-11-28 Siedek@Hynek Modular system for precise construction
CN103161241A (en) * 2013-02-03 2013-06-19 株洲博尔曼科技发展有限公司 Filling-hole non-mortar reinforcement building block brickwork shear wall and construction method thereof
CN103321295A (en) * 2013-07-10 2013-09-25 普帝龙绿色建筑研发(重庆)有限公司 Multifunctional rapid combined connection system and production method thereof
US20140090325A1 (en) * 2011-05-31 2014-04-03 Richard Maeers Construction blocks
WO2014078926A1 (en) * 2012-11-23 2014-05-30 Firmino Joaquim Modular structural element
CN103924727A (en) * 2014-04-16 2014-07-16 许昌金科建筑清运有限公司 Connecting structure of four double-layer adjacent building blocks and reinforced masonry
US20140245685A1 (en) * 2013-03-04 2014-09-04 Bernardus Hendrikus Wielens Building and mounting system
WO2014179823A1 (en) * 2013-05-06 2014-11-13 Resco Immobilien & Consulting Gmbh Block, flood protection barrier and a method for producing a barrier of this type
WO2015003580A1 (en) * 2013-07-10 2015-01-15 普帝龙绿色建筑研发(重庆)有限公司 Multifunctional rapidly-combined connection system and manufacturing method thereof
US8992131B2 (en) 2010-09-28 2015-03-31 Les Matériaux De Construction Oldcastle Canada, Inc. Retaining wall
US9016668B1 (en) * 2010-07-30 2015-04-28 Off The Wall Products Llc Stackable barrier with connector
US9021762B1 (en) * 2014-02-06 2015-05-05 Frank DePalma Interlocking concrete blocks with trapezoidal shape
US9074362B1 (en) * 2014-10-15 2015-07-07 Block Florida, LLC Construction blocks and systems
US20150247328A1 (en) * 2014-01-08 2015-09-03 Horacio Correia Building blocks and rear interlock connector therefor
US9133619B1 (en) * 2014-11-20 2015-09-15 Spherical Block LLC Architectural building block
US9441342B2 (en) 2010-09-28 2016-09-13 Les Materiaux De Construction Oldcastle Canada, In Retaining wall
US9453341B1 (en) * 2015-08-18 2016-09-27 Hengestone Holdings, Inc. Wall system having core supporting blocks and decorative fascia blocks
US20160288009A1 (en) * 2013-11-21 2016-10-06 Toran Nv Assembly of Construction Elements and Method of Connecting Construction Elements
EP3081711A1 (en) 2015-04-17 2016-10-19 Herault, Romain Construction element
US20170016228A1 (en) * 2014-01-20 2017-01-19 University Of Manitoba Surface Reinforced Concrete Masonry Units
US9670640B2 (en) 2010-09-28 2017-06-06 Les Materiaux De Construction Oldcastle Canada, Inc. Retaining wall
US9677267B2 (en) 2014-10-15 2017-06-13 Block Florida, LLC Construction blocks and systems
US20170205577A1 (en) * 2012-08-29 2017-07-20 Anand Ramaswamy Thermal management for photonic integrated circuits
US9714510B2 (en) 2013-02-25 2017-07-25 Les Materiaux De Construction Oldcastle Canada Inc. Wall assembly
US9809971B2 (en) * 2016-02-25 2017-11-07 Spherical Block LLC Architectural building block
US10036161B1 (en) * 2017-11-10 2018-07-31 Spherical Block LLC Architectural building block system
WO2018137023A1 (en) * 2017-01-24 2018-08-02 Hengestone Holdings, Inc. Construction system having corner core blocks and decorative face blocks
US10086304B1 (en) * 2015-08-24 2018-10-02 Louis Adelard LaChance, III Modular panel system for interactive play or display
US10094109B2 (en) 2017-02-03 2018-10-09 Gouda-Torgerson Building Systems Llc Construction blocks
USD833647S1 (en) 2017-02-23 2018-11-13 Gouda-Torgerson Building Systems Llc Modular mold
USD833646S1 (en) 2017-02-23 2018-11-13 Gouda-Torgerson Building Systems Llc Modular mold
USD833645S1 (en) 2017-02-23 2018-11-13 Gouda-Torgerson Building Systems Llc Modular mold
DE102017010647A1 (en) * 2017-11-17 2019-05-23 Ceramix Ag Masonry with improved sound insulation and system for its production

Cited By (149)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3123345A (en) * 1964-03-03 Refractory structure for molten glass
US2618146A (en) * 1945-12-28 1952-11-18 Ciarlini Luigi Reinforced concrete column, bracket, and beam joint
US2674775A (en) * 1946-07-03 1954-04-13 Corwin D Willson Making molded panels
US2482870A (en) * 1947-11-12 1949-09-27 Louis P Price Prefabricated cesspool structure
US2657153A (en) * 1948-06-04 1953-10-27 Burns & Russell Co Coating ceramic and masonry products
US2850890A (en) * 1951-06-04 1958-09-09 Rubenstein David Precast element and reinforced facing layer bonded thereto
US2792614A (en) * 1953-11-06 1957-05-21 Robert L Altschuler Device for making building blocks
US2744479A (en) * 1954-08-25 1956-05-08 Amsler Morton Corp Soaking pit curb
US2751775A (en) * 1955-07-12 1956-06-26 Burns & Russell Co Masonry block having an integral molded facing layer and method of making same
US3196496A (en) * 1955-07-15 1965-07-27 Stephen J Czecholinski Interlocking building blocks for forming movable closures
DE1171593B (en) * 1956-04-09 1964-06-04 Steuler Industriewerke Gmbh Perforated brick for chimneys or Reaktionstuerme and process for its preparation
US2933920A (en) * 1956-04-09 1960-04-26 Steuler Industriewerke Gmbh Building blocks
DE1094433B (en) * 1957-07-12 1960-12-08 Dolerit Basalt Ag Collapsible radiation protection wall, in particular for nuclear reactors
US3071674A (en) * 1957-11-28 1963-01-01 Hubert L Naimer Assembly of axially aligned components
US3296758A (en) * 1963-06-28 1967-01-10 Kirkkejner O Knudsen Superimposed building blocks with vertically spaced flat bars interfitted therewith connected by threaded stud members
US3362739A (en) * 1964-08-08 1968-01-09 Staeger Hans Connecting elements for panels or the like
US3461631A (en) * 1967-01-16 1969-08-19 Anthony Brugnola Complementary modules and structures therefrom
US3785098A (en) * 1969-07-01 1974-01-15 Schweitzer H E Ag Composite panel structure
US3648393A (en) * 1970-04-13 1972-03-14 Salvatore C Parrilla Interconnected picture frames
US3791090A (en) * 1971-12-30 1974-02-12 A Kniefel Building block
US3964402A (en) * 1974-05-01 1976-06-22 Wenger Corporation Portable stage
WO1980000588A1 (en) * 1978-09-01 1980-04-03 C Inman Undersea platform construction system
US4391077A (en) * 1978-12-08 1983-07-05 Fletcher Timber Limited Method of constructing a building system
US4297816A (en) * 1979-07-12 1981-11-03 George Kella Interlocking construction block
US4457117A (en) * 1982-05-14 1984-07-03 Benedetti Corporation Modular room divider system
WO1984003319A1 (en) * 1983-02-24 1984-08-30 Rother Carole A Construction systems and elements thereof
US4597236A (en) * 1984-07-10 1986-07-01 Braxton James S Hollow wall construction
US4712322A (en) * 1986-07-21 1987-12-15 Liberty Gifts, Inc. Multiple modular frame apparatus for displaying items
US4922678A (en) * 1987-03-20 1990-05-08 Rolf Scheiwiller Structural assembly for producing interconnecting structures
US5020289A (en) * 1987-11-23 1991-06-04 Wrightman Ronald A In log joint and machine for forming log joint
US5480267A (en) * 1991-09-20 1996-01-02 Sf-Kooperation Gmbh Beton-Konzepte Set of structural elements made up of concrete blocks, and a gravity retaining wall erected therefrom
ES2137063A1 (en) * 1995-08-01 1999-12-01 Elena Diaz Fernando Novel assembly method for producing rigid panels connecting individual (loose) pieces
US5794372A (en) * 1995-10-05 1998-08-18 Grana; Gary G. Picture frame molding
US5713085A (en) * 1995-11-27 1998-02-03 Beckett Corporation Patio pond
US5839243A (en) * 1996-09-13 1998-11-24 New Energy Wall Systems, Inc. Interlocking and insulated form pattern assembly for creating a wall structure for receiving poured concrete
US5890332A (en) * 1997-01-17 1999-04-06 Skidmore; Lester J. Reconstituted wood block modular building system
US5901521A (en) * 1997-03-10 1999-05-11 Guy; John H. Apparatus for dimensionally uniform building construction using interlocking connectors
EP0872607A3 (en) * 1997-04-19 1999-12-01 Reiner Klinkhammer Building element, gravity wall made therefrom and its building method
EP0872607A2 (en) * 1997-04-19 1998-10-21 Reiner Klinkhammer Building element, gravity wall made therefrom and its building method
WO1999013176A1 (en) * 1997-09-08 1999-03-18 Dominic Cerrato Flexible interlocking wall system
US5899040A (en) * 1997-09-08 1999-05-04 Cerrato; Dominic Flexible interlocking wall system
US5970675A (en) * 1997-12-05 1999-10-26 James D. Wright Modular panel assembly
US6374556B2 (en) 1997-12-08 2002-04-23 Step-By-Step Systems, Llc Concrete elevation assembly, hollow concrete block, and method of making
US6176049B1 (en) 1997-12-08 2001-01-23 Step-By-Step Systems, Llc Concrete elevation assembly, hollow concrete block, and method of making
US5984589A (en) * 1998-03-10 1999-11-16 Ciccarello; Charles Wall construction block with retaining pin inserts
US6539682B1 (en) * 1998-05-11 2003-04-01 Interlock Holdings Pty Ltd. Building elements and methods in relation to same
US6189282B1 (en) * 1998-06-24 2001-02-20 Building Works, Inc. Mortarless concrete block
US5954562A (en) * 1998-07-06 1999-09-21 Chen; Chen-Yao Building block assembly
US20070167260A1 (en) * 1998-10-01 2007-07-19 Cope Jeffrey L Golf ball position marker assembly
US6240693B1 (en) 1999-05-28 2001-06-05 Gary L. Komasara Interlocking and insulating form pattern assembly for creating a wall structure for receiving poured concrete and method for producing a form pattern assembly
US6848228B1 (en) * 2000-03-21 2005-02-01 Chester W. Williams Method and apparatus for making foam blocks and for building structures therewith
US20050144877A1 (en) * 2000-03-21 2005-07-07 Williams Chester W. Method and apparatus for making foam blocks and for building structures therewith
US6546687B2 (en) * 2000-04-20 2003-04-15 Sang Keun Oh Waterproofing method by using plastic panels
US7704011B2 (en) 2000-08-17 2010-04-27 Permavoid Ltd Structural module
US20030188505A1 (en) * 2000-08-17 2003-10-09 Marshall Richard Granville Structural module
US20070186499A1 (en) * 2000-08-17 2007-08-16 Marshall Richard G Structural module
US7207147B2 (en) * 2000-09-20 2007-04-24 Alliance Concrete Concepts, Inc. Mortarless wall structure
US20040006945A1 (en) * 2000-09-20 2004-01-15 Price Raymond R Mortarless wall structure
US7267321B1 (en) 2003-05-14 2007-09-11 Morrell Kelly J Wall block mold
US7207146B1 (en) * 2003-05-14 2007-04-24 Kelly J Morrell Multiple purpose wall block
US7096634B2 (en) * 2003-10-24 2006-08-29 Innovative Concrete Design, Inc. Block wall system
US20050086892A1 (en) * 2003-10-24 2005-04-28 Dean Robert W.Jr. Block wall system
US20050257466A1 (en) * 2004-05-07 2005-11-24 Masoud Tabeshnekoo Building material
US20060000179A1 (en) * 2004-06-16 2006-01-05 Albert Abdallah J Building block
US20060005500A1 (en) * 2004-07-07 2006-01-12 Vahak Hovnanian Mortar less brick wall construction
US9045938B2 (en) * 2004-11-22 2015-06-02 Saint-Gobain Glass France Linking elements designed to equip panels, in particular glass panels, for fixing and panels equipped with same
US20090145063A1 (en) * 2004-11-22 2009-06-11 Saint-Gobain Glass France Linking elements designed to equip panels, in particular glass panels, for fixing and panels equipped with same
US7861479B2 (en) 2005-01-14 2011-01-04 Airlite Plastics, Co. Insulated foam panel forms
US8079195B2 (en) * 2005-02-28 2011-12-20 Raymond Walter Cables Modular blocks and structures made therefrom
US20080263986A1 (en) * 2005-02-28 2008-10-30 Zipblocks, Llc Modular Blocks and Structures Made Therefrom
US7290377B2 (en) * 2005-09-06 2007-11-06 Rocvale Produits De Beton Inc. Block connector
US20070074478A1 (en) * 2005-09-06 2007-04-05 Rocvale Produits De Beton Inc. Block connector
US20070245660A1 (en) * 2006-03-29 2007-10-25 Scott Robert E Wall construction system and method
US7762033B2 (en) * 2006-03-29 2010-07-27 Scott Robert E Wall construction system and method
US20080134615A1 (en) * 2006-05-18 2008-06-12 Angelo Risi Combination of a structural block and a facing element attached thereto
ES2288428A1 (en) * 2006-06-26 2008-01-01 Manuel Muñoz Saiz Method and system of modular construction for buildings and the like.
WO2008000861A1 (en) * 2006-06-26 2008-01-03 Munoz Saiz Manuel Modular construction method and system for buildings and the like
US20100050556A1 (en) * 2006-07-01 2010-03-04 Gregory Burns Panel Structure
EP1882788A2 (en) * 2006-07-28 2008-01-30 Polystone GmbH Component for a modular construction system, in particular for manufacturing temporary buildings
EP1882788A3 (en) * 2006-07-28 2008-07-09 Polystone GmbH Component for a modular construction system, in particular for manufacturing temporary buildings
DE102006034995A1 (en) * 2006-07-28 2008-01-31 Polystone Gmbh Modular construction for the preparation of temporary buildings
US9206599B2 (en) 2007-02-02 2015-12-08 Les Materiaux De Construction Oldcastle Canada, Inc. Wall with decorative facing
US20100018146A1 (en) * 2007-02-02 2010-01-28 Les Matériaux De Construction Oldcastle Canada, In Wall with decorative facing
US9464431B2 (en) 2007-02-02 2016-10-11 Les Materiaux De Construction Oldcastle Canada Inc Wall with decorative facing
US9803359B2 (en) 2007-02-02 2017-10-31 Les Materiaux De Construction Oldcastle Canada, Inc. Wall with decorative facing
US20110000161A1 (en) * 2007-02-02 2011-01-06 Les Materiaux De Construction Oldcastle Canada, Inc. Wall with decorative facing
CN101335429B (en) 2007-03-16 2012-09-05 Abb技术有限公司 Modular foundation for a transformer station
US20080222969A1 (en) * 2007-03-16 2008-09-18 Abb Technology Ag Docking station for a transformer and method for installation of a transformer station
US8198966B2 (en) * 2007-03-16 2012-06-12 Abb Technology Ag Docking station for a transformer and method for installation of a transformer station
US20080225467A1 (en) * 2007-03-16 2008-09-18 Abb Technology Ag Electrical tranformer station with a modular foundation
US20090013577A1 (en) * 2007-07-09 2009-01-15 Askremco Llc Picture Frame System
DE102008031589A1 (en) * 2008-07-03 2010-01-14 Ortwein Gmbh Method for manufacturing wall elements and devices for building, involves manufacturing wall elements by mortar bulk, reversibly detachable assembly of molds, and providing molds with surface elements
US8402710B2 (en) * 2008-10-17 2013-03-26 Raymond W. Cables Modular building blocks and building block systems
US20100095631A1 (en) * 2008-10-17 2010-04-22 Cables Raymond W Modular building blocks and building block systems
US8443563B2 (en) * 2010-04-09 2013-05-21 Malcolm Schmidt Building block having the appearance of wood shake
US20110247289A1 (en) * 2010-04-09 2011-10-13 Malcolm Schmidt Building Block Having The Appearance of Wood Shake
US9016668B1 (en) * 2010-07-30 2015-04-28 Off The Wall Products Llc Stackable barrier with connector
US10273647B2 (en) 2010-09-28 2019-04-30 Les Materiaux De Construction Oldcastle Canada, Inc. Retaining wall
US9441342B2 (en) 2010-09-28 2016-09-13 Les Materiaux De Construction Oldcastle Canada, In Retaining wall
US9890512B2 (en) 2010-09-28 2018-02-13 Les Materiaux De Construction Oldcastle Canada, Inc. Retaining wall
US9670640B2 (en) 2010-09-28 2017-06-06 Les Materiaux De Construction Oldcastle Canada, Inc. Retaining wall
US8992131B2 (en) 2010-09-28 2015-03-31 Les Matériaux De Construction Oldcastle Canada, Inc. Retaining wall
CN103201439A (en) * 2010-10-01 2013-07-10 泰特洛克股份有限公司 Construction block
US8800236B2 (en) 2010-10-01 2014-08-12 Tetraloc Pty Ltd Construction block
AU2011308092B2 (en) * 2010-10-01 2016-06-23 Y&Z Technology Pty Ltd Construction block
WO2012040789A1 (en) * 2010-10-01 2012-04-05 University Of Western Australia Construction block
CN103201439B (en) * 2010-10-01 2015-11-25 泰特洛克股份有限公司 Module structure
US20140090325A1 (en) * 2011-05-31 2014-04-03 Richard Maeers Construction blocks
US9303400B2 (en) * 2011-05-31 2016-04-05 Richard Maeers Construction blocks
US8225565B2 (en) * 2011-08-11 2012-07-24 Jesse Barton Cox Insulated natural log cabin
WO2013053340A2 (en) 2011-10-12 2013-04-18 Hynek Siedek Modular system for precise construction
WO2013053340A3 (en) * 2011-10-12 2013-06-13 Hynek Siedek Modular system for precise construction of walls
CZ303550B6 (en) * 2011-10-12 2012-11-28 Siedek@Hynek Modular system for precise construction
US20170205577A1 (en) * 2012-08-29 2017-07-20 Anand Ramaswamy Thermal management for photonic integrated circuits
WO2014078926A1 (en) * 2012-11-23 2014-05-30 Firmino Joaquim Modular structural element
CN103161241A (en) * 2013-02-03 2013-06-19 株洲博尔曼科技发展有限公司 Filling-hole non-mortar reinforcement building block brickwork shear wall and construction method thereof
US9714510B2 (en) 2013-02-25 2017-07-25 Les Materiaux De Construction Oldcastle Canada Inc. Wall assembly
US10145102B2 (en) 2013-02-25 2018-12-04 Les Matériaux De Construction Oldcastle Canada Inc. Wall assembly
US20140245685A1 (en) * 2013-03-04 2014-09-04 Bernardus Hendrikus Wielens Building and mounting system
WO2014179823A1 (en) * 2013-05-06 2014-11-13 Resco Immobilien & Consulting Gmbh Block, flood protection barrier and a method for producing a barrier of this type
US9951490B2 (en) 2013-05-06 2018-04-24 Resco Consulting Gmbh Block, flood protection barrier and a method for producing a barrier of this type
CN103321295A (en) * 2013-07-10 2013-09-25 普帝龙绿色建筑研发(重庆)有限公司 Multifunctional rapid combined connection system and production method thereof
WO2015003580A1 (en) * 2013-07-10 2015-01-15 普帝龙绿色建筑研发(重庆)有限公司 Multifunctional rapidly-combined connection system and manufacturing method thereof
US20160288009A1 (en) * 2013-11-21 2016-10-06 Toran Nv Assembly of Construction Elements and Method of Connecting Construction Elements
US9808733B2 (en) * 2013-11-21 2017-11-07 Toran Nv Assembly of construction elements and method of connecting construction elements
US9725900B2 (en) * 2014-01-08 2017-08-08 Horacio Correia Building blocks and rear interlock connector therefor
US20150247328A1 (en) * 2014-01-08 2015-09-03 Horacio Correia Building blocks and rear interlock connector therefor
US20170016228A1 (en) * 2014-01-20 2017-01-19 University Of Manitoba Surface Reinforced Concrete Masonry Units
US9021762B1 (en) * 2014-02-06 2015-05-05 Frank DePalma Interlocking concrete blocks with trapezoidal shape
CN103924727A (en) * 2014-04-16 2014-07-16 许昌金科建筑清运有限公司 Connecting structure of four double-layer adjacent building blocks and reinforced masonry
CN103924727B (en) * 2014-04-16 2016-07-06 许昌金科资源再生股份有限公司 Four connecting two adjacent blocks and reinforced masonry structure
US9677267B2 (en) 2014-10-15 2017-06-13 Block Florida, LLC Construction blocks and systems
US9074362B1 (en) * 2014-10-15 2015-07-07 Block Florida, LLC Construction blocks and systems
US9133619B1 (en) * 2014-11-20 2015-09-15 Spherical Block LLC Architectural building block
WO2016165840A1 (en) 2015-04-17 2016-10-20 HERAULT, Romain Construction element
EP3081711A1 (en) 2015-04-17 2016-10-19 Herault, Romain Construction element
US9453341B1 (en) * 2015-08-18 2016-09-27 Hengestone Holdings, Inc. Wall system having core supporting blocks and decorative fascia blocks
WO2017027958A1 (en) * 2015-08-18 2017-02-23 Hengestone Holdings, Inc. Construction system having core supporting blocks and decorative fascia blocks
US10086304B1 (en) * 2015-08-24 2018-10-02 Louis Adelard LaChance, III Modular panel system for interactive play or display
US9809971B2 (en) * 2016-02-25 2017-11-07 Spherical Block LLC Architectural building block
WO2018137023A1 (en) * 2017-01-24 2018-08-02 Hengestone Holdings, Inc. Construction system having corner core blocks and decorative face blocks
US10060124B2 (en) 2017-01-24 2018-08-28 Hengestone Holdings, Inc. Construction system having corner core blocks and decorative face blocks
US10316513B2 (en) 2017-01-24 2019-06-11 Hengestone Holdings, Inc. Construction system having corner core blocks and decorative face blocks
US10094109B2 (en) 2017-02-03 2018-10-09 Gouda-Torgerson Building Systems Llc Construction blocks
USD833646S1 (en) 2017-02-23 2018-11-13 Gouda-Torgerson Building Systems Llc Modular mold
USD833645S1 (en) 2017-02-23 2018-11-13 Gouda-Torgerson Building Systems Llc Modular mold
USD833647S1 (en) 2017-02-23 2018-11-13 Gouda-Torgerson Building Systems Llc Modular mold
US10036161B1 (en) * 2017-11-10 2018-07-31 Spherical Block LLC Architectural building block system
DE102017010647A1 (en) * 2017-11-17 2019-05-23 Ceramix Ag Masonry with improved sound insulation and system for its production

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3381428A (en) Exposed lock log joining system
US3608258A (en) Removable multipaneled wall construction
US3559358A (en) Facing wall constrution
US3613326A (en) Preformed simulated brick panel having stepped edges
US3204381A (en) Composite insulated building block and wall structure
US4765109A (en) Adjustable tie
US4815897A (en) Retaining wall system
EP0811095B1 (en) A retaining wall system
US4614071A (en) Building blocks
US3000144A (en) Composite panels for building constructions
US4622796A (en) Structural connection for cavity wall construction
US4604843A (en) Lost-form concrete falsework
US2076472A (en) Building construction
US4885888A (en) Insulating non-removable type concrete wall forming structure and device and system for attaching wall coverings thereto
US2430200A (en) Lock joint
US8181414B2 (en) Web structure for insulating concrete block
US4416097A (en) Universal beam construction system
US3771277A (en) Building and method of constructing same from interconnected panels
US4091587A (en) Cement block wall
EP0830484B1 (en) Interconnectable formwork elements
GB1113645A (en) Improvements in or relating to a wall construction and/or methods of erecting said wall construction
US5685119A (en) Wall construction system
US776419A (en) Pavement.
US5123222A (en) Plastic forms for poured concrete
US5014480A (en) Plastic forms for poured concrete