US2391934A - Burner tip - Google Patents

Burner tip Download PDF

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Publication number
US2391934A
US2391934A US521071A US52107144A US2391934A US 2391934 A US2391934 A US 2391934A US 521071 A US521071 A US 521071A US 52107144 A US52107144 A US 52107144A US 2391934 A US2391934 A US 2391934A
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Prior art keywords
tip
channels
flame
end
gas
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Expired - Lifetime
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US521071A
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Samuel H White
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Samuel H White
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Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23DBURNERS
    • F23D14/00Burners for combustion of a gas, e.g. of a gas stored under pressure as a liquid
    • F23D14/46Details, e.g. noise reduction means
    • F23D14/48Nozzles
    • F23D14/52Nozzles for torches; for blow-pipes
    • F23D14/54Nozzles for torches; for blow-pipes for cutting or welding metal

Description

Jan; 1,

s. H. WHITE 2,391,934

BURNER TIP Filed Feb. 4, 1944 SQyHa Z/ MZE Patented Jan. 1, 1946 Q UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE BURNER TIP Samuel H. White, Lakewood, Ohio Application February 4, 1944, Serial No. 521,071

3 Claims.

This invention is directed to a burner tip for use in metal cutting, heating, and like operations, and designed more particularly for use with oxygen, liquefied gases, natural and artificial gases, hydrogen, blow gas, oil gas, and similar fuels.

A burner tip of this character to have maximum efliciency and minimum fuel consumption to avoid wastage should be formed to insure thorough mixing of the oxygen and substantially all other gases used in the fuel delivery of the mixture beyond the tip under a sufficient velocity to insure the minimum flame inclosure on the work, to thus more quickly bring the metal to a kindling point with relatively-reduced fuel consumption, and further avoid the use Of the conventional cup beyond the tip for confining the fuel delivery;

reduce the surface area of the delivery end of the tip to further confine the flaxme ring without sacrificing other advantages; and permit the use with substantially any and all, gases to be mixed with oxygen for fuel purposes.

It is therefore the primary object of the present invention to provide a tip as a unitary structure, integrally formed with specially designed fuel channels, in which, through the channel formation, the fuel constituents are thoroughly mixed, delivered at a materially higher velocity than in other tips, to permit a relative reduced tip delivery end and a consequent reduced flame ring as compared with other tips to save fuel consumption and the development of a quicker kindling-point of the metal.

The invention is illustrated in the accompany ing drawing, in which: i

Figure 1 is a side elevation of the improved tip, the tip cover or casing being shown in section.

Figure 2 is an enlarged end elevation of the tip and casing.

The present invention is more particularly concerned with the tip proper, it being understood that the tip assembly may otherwise be of any conventional form. Such tip assembly includes a tip-casing l, to be secured in the fuel service line, the usual head (not shown) being provided,.

a somewhat more thorough mixing of the fuel in said chamber 4.

The tip proper comprises a cylindrical solid body of appropriate material formed with axial parallel slots or channels I open through the ends and peripheral surface of the body. The former-- tion-proportions of these channels constitute an essential feature of the present invention. The channels are identical being .010 inch in width and from .025 to .030 inch in depth. These proportions are critical and can not be substantially \varied and secure the desired results.

It is further noted that the delivery end of the tip proper is coincident with the end of the casing I, and that the conventional cup extension of the casing beyond the end of the tip to prevent the spread of the flame is avoided, being for reasons later explained not only unnecessary number.

The above speciflcally-recited details appearing as arbitrarily chosen dimensions are for reasons which will now be explained of vital importance and of great value from a commercial as well as a technical standpoint.

In the first place, it is admitted as well known to form tips of this character with relatively wide channels (corresponding to the channels I of the improvement) of square, round or V cross section. The experts in the industry early recognized the lack of desired efliciency of such tips, and many attempts have been made to increase the tip efficiency by. reforming and changing the sectional form of the channels. Many patents have been issued to such end, but such constructions have been found lacking in that recognized desirable eflici'ency,

In the present tip, the exact and'substantiallycritical proportions of the channels I have been found in many actual tests of the tip to produce a more thorough and complete mixing of the gas and oxygen constituents passing through the channels and more particularly increase the velocity of the travel of the gas and oxygen to and beyond the flame end of the tip. Where the proportions are as defined, tests have proven that the mixing is substantially complete and that by reason of the increased velocity of flow, the combustion of the flame is more intense and is materially limited in spread as compared with other brought to a kindling point, more rapidly, and less gas and oxygen is required to reach this end.

In the light of the relatively increased velocity of the fuel mixture at the flame end of the tip, and the complete mixture of the gas and oxygen, the extension of the casing i to form a cup beyond the tip is entirely unnecessary. The cup, heretofore conventional, is for the purpose of preventing the undue spread of the flame and prevent the blowing ofi of the flame in prior tip formations and was objectionable in that the metal of the cup absorbed a considerable amount of heat and the cup also becomes more or less clogged with slag and the like, requiring frequent cleaning.

With the increasedvelocity of gas flow at the flame end of the tip, the spreading of the flame area and the blowing oi! oi the flame at the tip end is avoided to an entirely practical extent. If the diameter of the flame end of the tip is enlarged over the stated proportions, the flame impinging area on the metal is increased, slower preheating results, and an unnecessary and thereiore wasted quantity of gas and oxygen is required for the same result. I

If the same number of channels I- is used in a larger diameter tip, with the channels correspondingly wider, a larger quantity of gas is required without any faster preheating, resulting in gas wastage.

The improved tip is thus in the substantially critical and vital proportions of its parts productive of a more confined flame on the metal, a more thorough mixing of the=gas constituents, and a decided saving in fuel to secure the same result as previous tips. Furthermore, by reason of the described formation, the tip may be eiIect-ively used with practically all types of gas mixture, where heretofore diflerent types of tips were required for radically diil'erent gas mixtures.

What is claimed is:

1. A tip for metal burners and the like, comprising a cylindrical body having axially parallel channels of substantially .01 inch in width and .025 inch in depth.

2. A tip assembly including a casing, a tip unit in said casing and including a tip having longitudinally ranging channels opening through its end and peripheral surfaces with such channels having a width of .01 of an inch and a depth of at least .025 of an inch, with the flame end of the tip being coincident with the similar end of the casing.

3. A construction as defined in claim 2, wherein the casing closes the outer margins of the channels at the extreme end of the tip and is otherwise spaced from such channels.

' SAMUEL H. WHlTE.

US521071A 1944-02-04 1944-02-04 Burner tip Expired - Lifetime US2391934A (en)

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US521071A US2391934A (en) 1944-02-04 1944-02-04 Burner tip

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2652105A (en) * 1948-02-25 1953-09-15 Vibro Vita Products Co Cutting tip of composite construction
US3944142A (en) * 1974-03-22 1976-03-16 Foster Wheeler Energy Corporation Split stream burner assembly
US4767061A (en) * 1985-06-07 1988-08-30 Ingemanssons Ingenjorsbyra Ab Blowing nozzle for a highly pressurized gaseous fluid
US20080283635A1 (en) * 2007-05-15 2008-11-20 Albert Fecht High pressure nozzle and method for the manufacture of a high pressure nozzle

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2652105A (en) * 1948-02-25 1953-09-15 Vibro Vita Products Co Cutting tip of composite construction
US3944142A (en) * 1974-03-22 1976-03-16 Foster Wheeler Energy Corporation Split stream burner assembly
US4767061A (en) * 1985-06-07 1988-08-30 Ingemanssons Ingenjorsbyra Ab Blowing nozzle for a highly pressurized gaseous fluid
US20080283635A1 (en) * 2007-05-15 2008-11-20 Albert Fecht High pressure nozzle and method for the manufacture of a high pressure nozzle
US7841548B2 (en) * 2007-05-15 2010-11-30 Lechler Gmbh High pressure nozzle and method for the manufacture of a high pressure nozzle
US20110110811A1 (en) * 2007-05-15 2011-05-12 Lechler Gmbh. High pressure nozzle and method for the manufacture of a high pressure nozzle

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