US2389509A - Window and improved construction therefor - Google Patents

Window and improved construction therefor Download PDF

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Publication number
US2389509A
US2389509A US555108A US55510844A US2389509A US 2389509 A US2389509 A US 2389509A US 555108 A US555108 A US 555108A US 55510844 A US55510844 A US 55510844A US 2389509 A US2389509 A US 2389509A
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window
shaft
gear
screen
pane
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US555108A
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Hellman Sallye
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Hellman Sallye
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E06DOORS, WINDOWS, SHUTTERS, OR ROLLER BLINDS IN GENERAL; LADDERS
    • E06BFIXED OR MOVABLE CLOSURES FOR OPENINGS IN BUILDINGS, VEHICLES, FENCES OR LIKE ENCLOSURES IN GENERAL, e.g. DOORS, WINDOWS, BLINDS, GATES
    • E06B7/00Special arrangements or measures in connection with doors or windows
    • E06B7/02Special arrangements or measures in connection with doors or windows for providing ventilation, e.g. through double windows; Arrangement of ventilation roses

Description

NOV. 20, 1945. 5 HELLMAN 2,389,509
WINDOW AND IMPROVED CONSTRUCTION THEREFOR Filed Sept. 21, 1944 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 jallye lle ATTORNEYS Nov. 20, 1945. s. HELLMAN 2,339,509
WINDOW AND IMPROVED CONSTRUCTION THEREFOR Filed Sept. 21, 1944 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 IN V EN TOR.
Jallye Helbvmn BY m ffr M ATTORNEY5 Patented Nov. 20, 1945 WINDOW AND D'IPROVED CONSTRUCTION THEREFOR Sallye Hellman, Jamaica, N. Y.
Application September 21,1944, Serial No. 555,108
2 Claims.
My invention relates to a new and improved window and to an improved construction therefor. While the improved window is especially suitable for residences and other buildings, the invention is not to be restricted to any particular type of building or structure.
The principal objects of my invention are to provide a new and improved window which will permit a maximum degree of un-obstructed vision and light, not heretofore possible with windows of known construction; and to provide an improved window which possesses none of the draw-backs and discomforts incidental to windows of usual construction.
Another object of my invention is to provide a non-movable window having ventilating means associated therewith, permitting entrance of air to the desired degree, the said ventilating means being operable from the interior of the room.
Still another object of my invention is to pro-' vide a window of novel construction and configuration which, while affording maximum vision and light, will prevent rain, snow, etc., from entering the room.
Still another of my invention is to provide an improved construction for windows which eliminates sliding frames or sashes, and moreover leaves the window entirely free and clear of any obstructing frame work or the like.
Still another object of my invention is to provide a window of novel configuration and construction and which is extremely attractive and ornamental and which will greatly enhance the appearance of thebuilding.
Still another object of my invention is to provide an improved window having a single pane of glass or similar transparent material.
The foregoing and other objects will appear more clearly from the following detailed description, when taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, which illustrate a preferred embodiment of the invention.
In the drawings- Fig. 1 is a front elevation of the partial exterior of a building wall provided with three of the windows constructed in accordance with the invention.
Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional view on the line 2-2 of Fig. 3.
Fig. 3 is an interior elevational view, shown partially broken away for the convenience of illustration.
Fig. 4 is a sectional view on the line 4-4, of Fig. 2.
Fi 5 is a sectional view on the line 5--5 of Fi 2.
Fig. 6 is a sectional view on the line 6-6 of Fig. 4.
Fi 7 is a sectional view on the line l-l of Fig. 4.
Referring to the drawings, the reference letter F represents a window frame comprising the vertical side-pieces or side stiles Ill, the upper curved section I! and the base section l2. Said frame F forms the window opening and said frame can be made of wood, metal or any suitable material. Side stiles ill and upper section II are formed with the continuous groove or channel l3 to receive the top and side edges of the transparent Window pane P, thus covering and overhanging the window opening. Groove l3 follows the general configuration of stiles l0 and upper section H.
As shown in Fig. 2, window pane P consists of a single continuous curved piece of glass or similar transparent material. Said pane P is concavo-convex with the convex face being to the outside thereof, the concavity facing the interior of the room.
Pane P is formed with a downwardly depending bulged-out portion which extend outwardly as the said pane extends downwardly, thus forming a spaced, semi-elliptical shaped opening 0 between the bottom end of said pane and base section I2 of frame F, or the wall of the building. By reason of such configuration and construction, rain, snow, dust, etc., is prevented from entering the room or building. Moreover, with the convex face of the bulged-out portion of pane P being to the outside of the window, any rain, snow, etc., falling on the outside of the said window will perforce flow off. In addition, dust, etc., will not readily collect on the exterior of the improved window as is the case with the usual fiat window panes.
It will be noted that window pane P is more in the nature of an overhanging head which extends outwardly from frame F, or the wall of the building. The bottom curved edge of said pane P is ofiset with respect to the top and side ed es of said pane.
To prevent injury to the bottom free curved edge of pane P, the same is covered with the U- shaped protective strip or binding M, which can be secured thereto by any suitable adhesive or the like. Said protective strip, can be made of rubber, metal or any other suitable material,
Referring now to the ventilating means and the means for closing opening 0 (particularly to Figs. 4 and 5), the reference numeral 15 designates a turnable shaft, the ends of which are loosely mounted in bearings I6 secured to the inner walls of side stiles I at the base thereof. Said shaft I is parallel to base section I2 of frame F and extends transversely of the window wall opening. Fixedly secured to said shaft I5 and turnable therewith is the bevelled gear GI, said gear being normal to the longitudinal axis of said shaft. Located above shaft I5 is the bevelled gear G which meshes with gear GI, said gear G being parallel to shaft I5 and being connected to the depending shank of crankhandle H. Said crank-handle H and gear G are turnably mounted upon and supported by the stepped bearing member B, the lower horizontal leg of said member B being bolted or otherwise secured to the top wall of base section I2 of frame F. The shank of crank-handle H passes through the upper horizontal leg of said member '13. -It will be noted that gear G is turnable with crankhandle H and is perpendicular to gear GI, with which latter gear it meshes.
Keyed to shaft I5 and turnable therewith are the spaced pair of brackets I8, each having a ledge Iiia which support the semi-elliptical screen S. Said screen S can be secured or connected to ledges 18a in any desired manner. The turning of shaft 55 will cause brackets I8 and screen S to turn therewith. Screen S is of a sufficient size to cover opening 0 when said screen is brought into the horizontal closedposition shown in full lines in Fig.2. The curved edge of screen S is connected toa stepped marginal member I9, the curved edge of said screen resting upon and being secured to the lower horizontal leg of said member H Member I9 can be made of metal, rubber, wood or any other suitable material.
Loosely mounted upon shaft I5 are a pair of arms II, each of said arms being located adjacent each bracket I8. 'Each arm I1 is provided with a set-screw 22 whereby each arm can be rigidly secured to shaft I5 if desired. Depending from arms I! and. integral therewith is the semi-elliptical closure member'or cover 20, said member 20 being provided with the upstanding peripheral flange 2i along'its curved edge. Closure member 25 is located posteriorly to screen S. Said closure member or cover 20 may be made of metal, rubber, wood and the like.
It will be noted that gears G and GI, bearing member B and crank-handle H are all positioned intermediate brackets I8 and arms IT.
The screen S and closure member 20 are manipulated entirely from the inside of the new and improved window in the following manner: Crank-handle H may be turned either in a ClOCkr'YViSC or counter clock-wise direction thus causing gear G to turn therewith. Gear GI is then caused to turn by meshing gear G, thus turning shaft I5. Brackets shaft I5) and screen S connected thereto will then be caused to move through an arc of 90 degrees. Fig. 2 shows (in full lines) screen S brought into the fully horizontal position thus covering opening 0. In this position, the top face of the upper horizontal leg of member I9 will abut the bottom face of protective strip I4. In this manner, the improved window is fully screened and protected against the entry of flies, mosquitos and other insects. However, sufiicient air is enabled to enter through screen S. Fig. 2
' opening 0.
also shows in dotted lines the vertical position screen S will assume when it is moved into parallel relation with the wall of the building.
Normally, closure member 20 is in the inoperative position illustrated in Figs. 1 to 3. That is, it is in a vertical position parallel to the exterior wall Of the building and abutting the latter. If it is desired to raise said closure member 20 to a horizontal position and completely close opening 0 and also cover screen S, set-screws 22 are tightened, thereby locking arms I! to shaft I5. Crank-handle H is then turned causing shaft I5 and closure member 20 to turn in unison therewith. In this manner, said closure member 20 can be brought into a fully horizontal position completely covering and closing screen S and In this position, the inner face of flange 2| will abut the outer vertical face of protective strip I4,
It is obvious that by merely turning crankhandle H in a clockwise or counterclockwise direction, screen S and/orclosure member or cover 20 can be raised or lowered intoany desired position.
It will be noted that the wall of the building acts as a stop to arrest the downward swinging movement of screen Sand closure member 20. Likewise, the bottom of window pane P serves as a stop to arrestthe upward swinging movement of the said members. It is apparent therefore that the swinging movement of said members is restricted to an arc of approximately 90 degrees.
I have shown a preferred embodiment of my invention, but it is clear that numerous changes and omissions can be made without departing from the spirit thereof. For'example, the degree of curvature of window pane P may be varied thus varying the size of opening 0. Likewise,
the arrangement of the ventilating and closing 1 means may be-altered or modifiedas desired.
I claim:
1. In a window, incom'binatioma frame forming a window opening, a window parie consistin of a single continuous curved 'piece' of transparent material extending outwardly from said frame and overhanging the same and covering said window opening, said pane having a downwardly extending bulged out portion, the lower end of said pane being spaced from the base of i said frame and forming a semi-elliptical ventilating opening therewith, means'to control'the passage of air through said ventilating opening, said means comprising a shaft turnably supported by said frame, a bevelled first 'gear secured to said shaft and turnable therewith, "said gear being normalto'the longitudinal axis of said shaft, a
I8 (mounted on bevelled second gear spaced from said shaftand turnably supported by a stepped bearing member, said second gear being parallel to said shaft and meshing with said first gear, a semi-'ellipti cal closure member secured to and depending from said shaft and turnable therewith, and crank-handle means connected to the second gear to turn said second and first gears and shaft whereby said closure member is swung into a. o sition closing said ventilating opening.
2. A combination such as defined in claim-1 in which a semi-elliptical screen is secured to-the shaft and is turnable therewith, said screenbeing located anterior to the closure member.
SALLYE HELLMAN.
US555108A 1944-09-21 1944-09-21 Window and improved construction therefor Expired - Lifetime US2389509A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2604839A (en) * 1949-05-10 1952-07-29 Case Vent Inc Window ventilation device
US2772622A (en) * 1955-05-24 1956-12-04 Carl J Slower Wall ventilator
DE1143316B (en) * 1958-03-12 1963-02-07 Werner Albers Ventilation flap for rooms
US4899646A (en) * 1989-02-03 1990-02-13 H.S.M. Concepts Window rain guard

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2604839A (en) * 1949-05-10 1952-07-29 Case Vent Inc Window ventilation device
US2772622A (en) * 1955-05-24 1956-12-04 Carl J Slower Wall ventilator
DE1143316B (en) * 1958-03-12 1963-02-07 Werner Albers Ventilation flap for rooms
US4899646A (en) * 1989-02-03 1990-02-13 H.S.M. Concepts Window rain guard

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