US2386501A - Heating device for canteens - Google Patents

Heating device for canteens Download PDF

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Publication number
US2386501A
US2386501A US38685941A US2386501A US 2386501 A US2386501 A US 2386501A US 38685941 A US38685941 A US 38685941A US 2386501 A US2386501 A US 2386501A
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Prior art keywords
cup
wall
heater
end
bottom
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Expired - Lifetime
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John H Pearson
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Patent Protection Corp
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Patent Protection Corp
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47JKITCHEN EQUIPMENT; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; APPARATUS FOR MAKING BEVERAGES
    • A47J36/00Parts, details or accessories of cooking-vessels
    • A47J36/24Warming devices
    • A47J36/26Devices for warming vessels containing drinks or food, especially by means of burners; Warming devices with a burner, e.g. using gasoline; Travelling cookers, e.g. using petroleum or gasoline with one burner

Description

- H. PEARSON HEATING DEVICE FOR CANTEENS oer. 9,1945.

Filed April 4, 1941 FIE. 5.

orpart ofa hot meal.

Patented Oct. 9, 1945 UNITED} sT TEs' PATENT OFF-ICE John H. 4 Pearson, Lowell; Mass, assignor to Patent Protection, Corporation, Lo well,*Mass;,

a corporation of Massachusetts Application Aprii 4, 1941, Serial No. 386,859-

9 Claims. (01. 126266.) w

This invention is an assembly or part of an assembly which is particularly useful for a soldier who is alone dangerous position especially if there are unfavorable weather conditions such as wind, rain, or snow. :It allows him to heat food anywhere without burning it, at any time and without the use of any fire or smoke whichmight make him. a target. It is also useful for a soldier travelling. by railroad,

boat, truck, automobile, or tank.

It canbeused. by campers, tourists, or by anyone who wishes to quickly prepare the whole The device is an improvement on what might be calleda canteen assembly ,ofthe type n'ow'in use by the Army of the United States. Such canteens are usually made of aluminum or'of some light metal and are carried in a canvas carrier from which they can readily be removed. Such canteens are formed with a truncated conical lowerpart of substantially oval cross section,: a closed bottom and with a front wall which is convexand with a back wall, which is concave. There is also a cup with similar front and back walls and bottom. The cup is provided'with a folding handle pivoted on the convex front'wall and normally extending down the convex Wall, around the bottom and. up along and into the concave back wall. The bearing or pivot ;for the handle projects outward and above itare upwardly extending ears. There is also a keeper slidable on the first section of the handlewhich', when th handle is to be used, is slipped down behind the ears to hold the handle firmly-in place. a

The particular ieaturcof this device is a heater member Which-fits the outside walls of the cup .but which hasno bottom at its smallend and .of which the walls at the small end are ofthe same crosssectional size as the part, ofthe cup which is a short distance from its bottom orzsmall end.

This allowsthe base of the cup to set'into the small'end of the heater. V p p This heater in fact is a very light portable stove which, when removed and turned upside down, allows the cup to be set firmly into its small end. It is so constructed that what is known as canned heat or a material such as is known as Sterno, which burns with every hot blue flame without smoke, can be put inside so as to heatthe contents of the cup, which may be water from the canteen and in which'-may :als be placed a can of food.

I V The water serves to prevent the food. frbm bemg burned-and the amount of fuel can be so regulated that it burns out. at jus he time when the food and water are atv the. right palat able. temperature. e

The whole package is so constructed. that. when assembled and. carried; by. a. marching l i there is nothing which, can rattle.

Ina modified form. the heatercan he s ipped down and held in place instead of being removed and, turned upside down. i V p In the drawing. Fig. l; isan elevation with parts broken away of the entire assembly including the carrier, canteen, cup. heater and fuel; 7 V

Fig. 2 is a'sectional elevation on the line-2-.-2

of F g. 1.

attached, removed from the canteen and carrier,

the view being from the convexside 'withithe handle locked in open position by the-keeper.

Fig. 4 is an elevation of the cup and heater .assembly with fuel, resting on the ground. W th water and a can of food inthe cup. v

Fig. 5 is an elevation as from the right of Fig.- 4 with the heater partly in section and resting on a support. 7

Fig. 6 is an elevation from the back of the cup and heater assembled with the cup handle closed.

Fig. 7 is an isometric view from the back of a modified form of heater. v

Fig. 8 is a detail partly in vertical section showingthe catches and projecting pivot.

In the drawing, C represents a canteen with the usual upper part 33 ending in a neck with a cap 39 and a lower part 38 which ends with a bottom 34. The lower part is of truncated conical form, the small'end being. atthe bottom 34. The ,front wall 3| is convex-and the back wall 32 is concave so that a horizontal cross section is of distorted oval form somewhatlike the cross section. of a kidney, the concave curve being intendedto fit the body of the wearer. V I

The canteen C is fitted into a bag or carrier L of flexible material which fits around all of the canteen exceptthe neck and is provided at the front with flaps 40 and 4| which can be opened to remove the canteen or held in place by snap catches 42 and 43. I V

There is also a hanger 44 on the back Wall by whichthe whole assembly can be attached to or detached as from a belt.

A is a cup of truncated conical form and of such a-shape at its bottom 4, front wall I and back wall 2 that it fits detachably on the lower part 3801: the canteen C. Its bottom 4 is closed audits .top3is open and there usually a bead 5 around the top. On the front wall I are upwardly projecting ears 6, 6, and below them a projecting pivot l.

13 represents a handle pivoted at 1 and extending down at 2| along the front wall I. It is then bent at a right angle and extends at 24 under the bottom 4 at the end of which it is again bent at right angles upwardly at 22 so that it fits in.- side the concavity of the back wall 2. The fit is made fairly loose but the last section 22 of the handle is so bent that it hugs the concave wall 2 of the cup to prevent rattling.

This looseness also allows a keeper 26 to be carried on the first section 2| of the handle and to be slipped down behind the ears 6, 6, as shown in Fig. when the handle is to be used for lifting the cup.

H is a heater member made of thin sheet metal which is removably positioned around and fits the front, back and side walls of the cup. This heater member H has a top Is which is open and a bottom or small end M which is also open while the front wall II is convex corresponding with wall I and the back wall I2 is concave corresponding with the wall 2.

At the top or large end, the convex wall II is.

cut away at I! so as to fit around the projecting pivot I. Preferably also at the small end or bottom of the concave back wall I2, the material is also cut away at l5 so as to give more clearance to the part 22 of the handle B. There are also preferably a plurality of draft passages or holes is in such a position that when the parts are assembled for heating as shown in Figs. 4 and 5,

part of the products of combustion can escape through them.

There are also spring catches l8, [8, extending up'into the cut away part I 1'. These catches preferably are integral with the rest of the metal of the heater, and are so made that, as shown in Fig. 3, they will slip over the projecting pivot I and snugly and 'quietly hold the heater H up in place on the cup A under the bead 5.

Figs. 1 and 2 show the'complete assembly including the water W and a thin wafer F which can be used as the fuel, and can be carried under cup A.

The fuel F is preferably of the concentrated fuel type like Sterno which will burn with a hot smokeless fiame,

It will be seen that the water W in the canteen can be reached by removing the whole assembly from the belt, or the canteen can be taken out of the carrier, whichever is more convenient, and then by removing cap39.

When it is to be used for heating, the canteen, cup, heater and fuel are all removed from the carrier. The heater is removed from the cup, turned upside down and, as shown in Fig. 4, its large end can be pressed into the ground G to hold it steady orit can be merely rested on a floor, table or on any fairlysteady support S.

The cup can then be set in position with its small end inside the small end of the heater and with the handle preferably extended as shown in Fi 5.

Water W from the canteen is now poured into the cup A and, if desired, a can of food such as K can be put into the water so that it will not burn. The fuel F is placed underneath heater member H and is ignited whereupon the heat and flame will travel in through the inlet l1 and out through the cut away part l5 and through the draft passages Hi.

In speaking of draft passages in. the claims,

these holes I5, I 6, and [1, some or all of them are intended. While the device may work if only one, such as H, is used, there should be enough draft so that the fire will not go out.

There are some modifications of my heater construction, one of which is shown in Fig. 7 at M. This is of a shape to fit a cup A. Heater member M has a top or large end 53 from which and from the front wall 5|, there is cut a passage 56 to go around the pivot of thecup. The small end of heater member M is shown at 54 and its back wall at 52. In this back wall 52 there is a cut 55 on three sides to provide a friction spring holding member 50 which is bent inward so that, when the heater member is on the cup, this spring will hold the heater in place by friction. The front and back walls 5| and 52 may be of the same or of a less height than the front.

and back walls I and 2 of the cup. At the small end, there is no cut away passage such as l5 butthere are draft passages 58.

I prefer to make my heater of metal but it may be made of fireproof paper, plastic or any suitable non-inflammable material.

I claim:

1. The combination with a canteen having a lower part of truncated conical form with a bottom end of substantially oval cross section with a front wall convex and a back wall concave; of a cup which fits on the lower part of the canteen, said cup having a bottom, ears on its convex front wall, a handle carried below the ears on a projecting pivot and shaped so that it can extend down, across the bottom of the cup and up along the concave back wall and a keeper slidableon the handle to engage the cars; a heater member of thin sheet metal removably positioned around and fitting the walls of the cup down to near the bottom of the cup, the convex front wall being cut away at its large end to fit around the projecting pivot and to serve as an inlet draft, the heater member being provided with spring catches to engage the pivot and to detachably hold the heater member in place on the cup, and its concave back wall bein cut away at its small end proximate ,the adjoining part of the handle; together with a flexible carrier which encloses the assembly of canteen, cup and heater member.

2. The combination with a canteen having a lower part of truncated conical form with a bottom end of substantially oval cross section with a front wall convex and a back wall concave; of a cup which fits on the lower part of the canteen, said cup having a bottom, a handle carriedon the convex front wall by a projecting pivot and shaped so that it can extend down,

' across the bottom of the cup and up along the concave back wall; a heater member of thin sheet 'metal removably positioned around and fitting the walls of the cup down to near the bottom of the cup, the convex front wall being cut away at its large end to fit around the projecting pivot and to serve as an inlet draft, the heater member being provided with spring catches to engage the pivot and to detachably hold the heater member in'place on the cup.

3. The combination witha canteen having a lower part of truncated conical form with a bot tom end of substantially oval cross section with a front wall convex an a back wall concave; ofa cup which fits on the lower part of the canteen, said cup having a bottom, a handle carried on the convex front wall by a projecting pivot and shaped so that it can extend down,

across the bottom of the cup and up along the concave back wall; a heater member of thin sheet metal having open ends and positioned around and fitting the walls of the cup, the convex front wall being cut away at its large end to fit around lower part of truncated conical form with a bottom end of substantially oval cross section with a front wall convex and a back wall concave; of a cup which fits on the lower part of the canteen, said cup having a bottom, a handle carried on the convex front wall by a projecting pivot and shaped so that it can extend down, across the bottom of the cup and up along the concave back wall; a heater member of thin sheet metal having open ends and positioned around and fittin the walls of the cup, the convex front wall being cut away at its large end to fit around the projecting pivot and to serve as an inlet draft, and the heater member being provided with means to hold it in place on the cup.

5. The combination with a' canteen having a lower part of truncated conical form with a bottom end of substantially oval cross section with a front wall convex and a back wall concave; of a cup which fits on the lower part of the canteen, said cup. having a bottom, a handle carried on the convex front wall by a projecting pivot;

a heater member of thin sheet metal having open ends and positioned around and fitting the walls of the cup, the convex front wall being cut away at its large end to fit around the projecting pivot and to serve as an inlet draft, and the heater member being provided with means to hold it in place on the cup. 7

6. For use with a tapering cup of kidney shaped cross section which fits on the bottom of a canteen so that both will go inside of a canvas cover, the cup having two projecting ears on the convex side between which is pivoted a folding handle adapted to fold under the bottom of the cup and up on the concave side; a thin sheet metal sleeve having open ends and of less height than the cup,.such sleeve fitting over the cup and being cut away at the small end of the concave side and at the large end of the convex side down to below the ears, there being two spring catches extending outward and upward over the ears.

7. For use with a tapering cup of kidney shaped cross section with the front Wall convex and the back wall concave having two projecting ears on the convex side between which is pivoted a folding handle adapted to fold under the bottom of the cup and up on the concave side; a thin sheet metal sleeve open at both ends and of less height than the cup, such sleeve fitting over the cup and being cutaway at the top of the convex side down to below the ears, there being spring means to hold the sleeve on the cup.

8. The combination with a truncated conical cup for use with a canteen, having a bottom and a handle carried on its front wall by a projecting pivot; of a removable heater member of thin sheet material which is open at both ends, and fits around the walls of the cup and is cut away at its large end to fit around the projecting pivot and to serve as an inlet draft passage, the heater member being provided with means to hold it in place on the cup.

9. The combination of a truncated conical cup with a folding handle, the small end of which cup enters into and is supported by the small end of a heater member; with such heater member of thin sheet material having open ends and of truncated conical form and-of a size and shape, when reversed, to fit the cup and handle and being provided with an inlet draft passage through its wall at its large end and a plurality of outlet draft passages spaced all the way around and through its wall near its small end.

JOHN H. PEARSON.

US2386501A 1941-04-04 1941-04-04 Heating device for canteens Expired - Lifetime US2386501A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2502434A (en) * 1944-04-08 1950-04-04 Us Commerce Stove
US4905659A (en) * 1989-02-27 1990-03-06 Armistead James H Portable camp stove, and fuel container
US5303691A (en) * 1992-09-08 1994-04-19 Armistead James H Portable miniature camp stove
US20040251152A1 (en) * 2003-06-16 2004-12-16 Levin Robert M. Protective cover for keyboard tray and mouse pad
US20070181521A1 (en) * 2006-02-03 2007-08-09 Lisa Collins Towel and bottle system
CN103976539A (en) * 2014-06-04 2014-08-13 南京际华三五二一特种装备有限公司 Kettle bag

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2502434A (en) * 1944-04-08 1950-04-04 Us Commerce Stove
US4905659A (en) * 1989-02-27 1990-03-06 Armistead James H Portable camp stove, and fuel container
US5303691A (en) * 1992-09-08 1994-04-19 Armistead James H Portable miniature camp stove
US20040251152A1 (en) * 2003-06-16 2004-12-16 Levin Robert M. Protective cover for keyboard tray and mouse pad
US7575116B2 (en) * 2003-06-16 2009-08-18 Levin Robert M Protective cover for keyboard tray and mouse pad
US20070181521A1 (en) * 2006-02-03 2007-08-09 Lisa Collins Towel and bottle system
CN103976539A (en) * 2014-06-04 2014-08-13 南京际华三五二一特种装备有限公司 Kettle bag

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