US2382862A - Armored car - Google Patents

Armored car Download PDF

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Publication number
US2382862A
US2382862A US439018A US43901842A US2382862A US 2382862 A US2382862 A US 2382862A US 439018 A US439018 A US 439018A US 43901842 A US43901842 A US 43901842A US 2382862 A US2382862 A US 2382862A
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Prior art keywords
wall
rib
plate
armored
exterior
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Expired - Lifetime
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US439018A
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Jr Augustine Davis
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Jr Augustine Davis
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F41WEAPONS
    • F41HARMOUR; ARMOURED TURRETS; ARMOURED OR ARMED VEHICLES; MEANS OF ATTACK OR DEFENCE, e.g. CAMOUFLAGE, IN GENERAL
    • F41H7/00Armoured or armed vehicles
    • F41H7/02Land vehicles with enclosing armour, e.g. tanks
    • F41H7/04Armour construction
    • F41H7/044Hull or cab construction other than floors or base plates for increased land mine protection

Description

A. DAVIS, JR

Aug. 14, 1945.

ARMORED GAR Filed April 15, 1942 Patented Aug. 14, 1945 The present invention relatesto armor-edbodies dor..tanks, squad cars and tractors, andis particularly directed to improvements in the construction and disposition of parts for bodies :of mobile war units. ,7 I 1 ,An object of the invention is to provide a com- .bat car body which is constructed .irom fiat sheets of armoured plate and which presents all of said plates to gun fire at effective, incident angles thereto, i

. Another object of the invention is ;to provide an armored body constructed of substantially .fl-at plates wherein tolerances need .not be .accurate,

and therefore manufacturing steps need not be-di- Lected to the size of. :the plates comprising the armoredbody. f v i z Another object of the invention is to providean armored bodylwhich offers effective protection .to its crew against gun .fire even froma relatively high caliber, gun by ..means of a 'minimum .of

armored plate and materials. t

; .A .further object of the invention is to-provide a body construction which protects the crew and ammunition therefor against gun fire from .positionsabove it, such as from airplanes or .theflike.

' .Astill further object .of-the invention .is -.to vpro- .vide a comparatively lightarmored body which is simple to manufacture, requires a .minimum of materials, and provides adequate protection .to the occupants therein.

Other objects will be apparent from lthe .following specification and drawing illustrating a preferred embodiment of myinvention, in which;

Fig. 1 is a perspective view of my car body adapted for use as a squad car. Fig. 2 i anenlarged cross-sectional view taken line 2--2 ofFigJ. Fig. .3 is an enlarged detail view in-cross-section'showinga centrally located connection between" the exterior and interior Walls of my armored body.

Fig. 4 is a fragmental, top plan view of the s'quad'p'ar :of' Figure 1 showing a modified front therefor. I v

"embodiment of my invention consists of an armored i body '5 supported upon alconvent'ional chassis consisting of two spaced longitudinal frame members '6 (Fig. '2) which carry at their forward ends a motor (not Shown) and which is mounted at'the 'front and rear portions thereof on"'transverse axles through spring suspension members; said axles carrying traction wheels! in cor' ventional manner. 'The armored body 'is illllslfra'ted asfhaving rectangular .form in plan, but mayjbefhexagonalprj any other desired shape,

and hasa tapered hood 8 for housineandpm .tecting themotor for the car. The rforward ehd of the body is provided with the usual steers: manfs outlook windows Qand-sidedoorz land has a rectangular openin 41 in its topside'so thaha crew may operate guns -12 mounted therein.

A modified -form of Ta vhood' iorimycombatmtr is shown in Fig. A wherein :a wedge-shaped armored plate 10 is mounted in front of the radiatorrgrill 8-0 for thecar eandsis vertically co.- extensive therewith to protect (the motor from gunfire directed at; thecar .irom :in {front rfifjrit. The plate permits an to enter the g-rillirom the top andthe bottom portions, but these openings may be shut oil .orelosed byextending the hood plates forwardly to the plate to pontorm with varyingmotor coolingsystems, l he side walls [3 :and I4 :and the rear wall d5 of thearmored body are welded rtogethertalong their adjacent edg s land are formed inidentioal manner. As shown in Figs. 2 andfi, eachfsidezis constructed from a number Of sheets of armored plate and consistsof an exterior ,up--

standing wall 46 having a projecting horizontal rib :I I -disposedsubstantially;centrally of thetwall.

An upperplate l8 and a lower plate 1&9 15116 con,- nected along theiradjaeentredgesat said -,rib -,por,- tion ITto an I-:beam.-2-0'which extends theienfii le length of :the rib..-l1. .The adjacent edgesgoff-the plates (-8 :and 19 :are separately weldedetotthe flange 2! of the .I-beam and, :as shown :at 24.! in ,3, the:space between the welds iforqsaid relates is again welded in a conventional-manner. -Lt will be noted that the exteriorwall 1 6 zbulgesa mt wardly so as to -f0rm an obtuse interior angleibee tween theplates J8 and l-9yzat the sh'l. Aims .plate 22 iseonnected to .the topiedgelofithe u per plate l8 by a T-beam 23 to which therad-iacent 'edges of the upper plate .and the top golate :are welded, as indicated at 724, the bottomzportion of thelower plate 1 .9 serving asset lprotectlvesskirt 2.5 .for the under-carriage and :chass'is :of the scar,

"Spaced interiorly from the wall i6 is anzinterior wall "2 6 also having a projecting rib '42! which is adjacent and parallel to the rib 1 I of the exterior wall. The wall is formed 'by an upper flat plate 28 and a lower flat plate 29 which-are weldedat the rib '21 to an angular flange '80 of the I- beam 20. shown in Fig. 2, the plates28 and29 are positioned relative to oneanother .so as *to :form

an obtuse angle between them which is smaller than theohtuse angle between .the plates 18 and IQ .of the exterior wall [6 whereby ltherespe tive upper and lower plates of {the walls Jane-sinned} parallel relationship and diverge outwardly from their respective ribs.

The body is provided with a fiat floor or platform 3| which is welded as at 32 along its marginal edges to the lower edge of the plate 29 of the sides l3, l4 and I5. The floor is braced by a number of spaced transverse angle irons 33 which are welded to the bottom surface of the floor 3|, I-beams 34 being welded to the angle irons andresting uponthe frame members 6. U-bolts 35 are employed for fastening the I-beams 34 to the two, spaced longitudinal frame members 6 of the chassis.

outer wall is reinforced by brace members 36,

which are welded at their lower ends to the lower edge of the skirt and at their upper ends welded to the channel irons 33 of the floor.

It will therefore be noted that an all-welded armored body is provided which has a number of fiat plates, each presenting an effective angle of incidence to gunfire. As most clearly shown in Fig. 1-, horizontally traveling bullets or shrapnel will, after striking the sides l8 and- IQ of the tank, be deflected in an upward and downward direction respectively, and will therefore tend to ricochet off the plates. It is contemplated using a quarter inch armored plate for the combat car illustrated to effectively prevent gunfire from reaching the crew of said car. A reinforcing wall'or walls are provided interiorly of the outer wall which is also constructed of flat plates set at an angle to the gunfire. The relation of the plates of the reinforcing wall relative to the outer wall is shown in Fig.2 Whereinthe reinforcing wall presents agreater angle of incidence than the outer-wall to horizontal gunfire in the event said fire penetrates theouter wall of the combat car. Because of the construction and disposition of parts of the plates the combat car can be .made extremely light'in weight and yet effectively protect its crew members. r

Whatis claimed is: k

1. A body for an armored car having each side formed of an'exterior, upstanding wall havinga projecting, horizontal rib, disposed substantially centrally thereof and dividing said wall intoan upper'and a lower portionfsaid portions forming obtuse, interior angle between them at said rib, anda reinforcing wall, spaced interiorly from said exteriorwall'and having a projecting rib adjacent to andparallel' With said first mentioned rib,"and comprising an upper and a lower portion formed in the reinforcing' -wall' by the rib and having a more" acute, interior angle between them than said first mentioned angle whereby the respective upper and lower portions of the 'wallswill be disposed in non-parallel relationship, diverging outwardly from the ribs. 7 v

2. A body for an armored car having a number of connected, upstanding sides constructed of substantially flat sheets of armored plate, each exterior wall therefor havinga projecting, horizontal rib, substantially centrally: thereof, upper andlower plates connected along a'djacent'edges at said rib and forming an obtuse, interior angle between them, and a reinforcing wall spaced in.- teriorly from said exterior wallandhaving a projecting rib adjacent to and parallel with said first mentioned rib; and comprising an upper and a lower plate joined along adjacent edgeslat said rib and forming between them a more acute',' interior angle than the first mentioned angle, whereby the respective upper and lower plates'ofithe'wallsare disposed in non-parallel relationship diverging outwardly from the ribs. if

The skirt of their!) .:lower plates joined at the rib along their adjacent,

' longitudinal edges and forming between them an obtuse angle greater than the first mentioned angle, and an integral skirt on the lower exterior plate depending below the intersection of said platform and the lower interior plate.

. 4, A body for an armored car constructed of substantially flat sheets of armored plate, said body comprising a flat platform, an interior, reenforcing wall having a projecting, horizontal rib substantially centrally thereof, upper and lower plates'join'ed at the rib along their longitudinal, adjacent edges, and forming an interior obtuse angle between them, means for'fastening the bottom edge of the lowerplate to the edge of the platform, and an exterior wall spaced from the interior wall and having a projecting, horizontal rib adjacent the first mentioned rib, upper and lower plates joined at the rib along their adjacent, longitudinal edges and forming betwen them an obtuse angle greater than the first mentioned angle, an integral skirt on the lower exterior plate depending below the intersection of said platform and the lower interior plate, and a narrow, horizontal shelf, fastened atits outer edge to the upper edge of the outer wall, said upper plate of the interior wall being'joined along its top edge to the underside of the shelffinter mediate its longitudinal edges. 5, A body for an armored car having an exterior upstanding walbcohstructed of substan-' tially flat sheets. of armored plate, eachside having a projecting, horizontal rib substantially centrally' thereof, a longitudinal I beam interiorly of the wall at the rib, upperand lower sideplates weldedalong adjacent edges to the] exterior flangeof the beam and'fo'rming an obtuse,1 interior anglebetween them, and *a reenforcing wall, spaced interiorly from said exterior walla'nd havin'gfa projecting rib adjacent to and parallel with said first mentioned rib; and comprisingian upper and a lower plate Welded along adjacent edges to the inner flange of the I-beam and forming between them a smaller interior, angle than the first mentioned angle whereby therespective upper and lower plates of the walls are disposed in non-parallel relationship diverging j outwardly from their I-beam connections.

.6. A body for an armored car having 'ariJexter'ior, upstanding wall constructedv of substam tially fiat sh'eetsof armored plate, each sidehaV- ing a projecting, horizontal rib substantially;centrally j'thereof, a longitudinal I-beam interio'rly of the wall atgthe rib, upper and lower side plates welded along adjacent edges to the exteriorflang'c of the beam and forming an obtuse,interior angle between them, areinforcingwall, spaced interiorly from said exterior wall andh'aving a projecting rib adjacent to and parallel withsaid first menti'oned ,rib, and comprising an upper-and a lower plate welded along adjacent edges to ,thefinner flangeof'the I -'beam and formingibetweenftliem a smaller interior angle thanthe first mentioned angle whereby the respective upper and lower plates of the walls are disposed in non-parallel relationship diverging outwardly from their I-beam connections, a T-beam welded to the top interior surface of the outer wall, and a narrow horizontal shelf welded along its adjacent edge to the T-bea'm.

7. A body for an armored car having an exterior, upstanding wall with a projecting, horizontal rib substantially centrally thereof dividing said wall into fiat portions disposed in different planes, and a reinforcing wall spaced inand exterior walls diverging from each other outwardly from the ribs.

8. A body for an armored car having an exterior, upstanding wall with a projecting, horizontal rib substantially centrally thereof dividing said wall into, flat portions disposed in different planes, a reinforcing wall spaced interiorly from the exterior wall and having a rib adjacent and parallel to the first mentioned rib, to divide the Wall into two fiat portions in different planes, adjacent flat portions for the interior and exterior' walls diverging outwardly from the ribs, and a beam welded to the interior surface of the wall adjacent the rib and to the exterior surface of the reenforcing wall adjacent its rib.

AUGUSTINE DAVIS, J R.

US439018A 1942-04-15 1942-04-15 Armored car Expired - Lifetime US2382862A (en)

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Cited By (34)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2459854A (en) * 1946-04-18 1949-01-25 Jr Willard E Swift Grenade projector
US2459833A (en) * 1945-06-07 1949-01-25 Joseph H Mclain Smoke bomb projector
US3351374A (en) * 1963-07-01 1967-11-07 Lockheed Aircraft Corp Armor construction
US3478643A (en) * 1968-04-04 1969-11-18 Robert W Forsyth Ballistic shielding apparatus
DE1800848A1 (en) * 1968-10-03 1972-06-15 Blohm Voss Ag Panzergehaeuse
US3699842A (en) * 1969-01-14 1972-10-24 Porsche Kg Profile elements for joining armor plates
US3722357A (en) * 1967-09-20 1973-03-27 Rheinstahl Ag Armored vehicle
FR2459445A1 (en) * 1979-06-18 1981-01-09 Legueu Paul Light vehicle of recognition or patrol
EP0153462A1 (en) * 1984-02-01 1985-09-04 Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung Housing, especially for large apparatuses
US4677896A (en) * 1984-12-17 1987-07-07 Litvinoff Jerome S Rescue vehicle
US4741244A (en) * 1984-02-09 1988-05-03 The State Of Israel, Ministry Of Defence, Rafael Armament Development Authority Elements for an add-on reactive armour for land vehicles
US5149910A (en) * 1966-03-08 1992-09-22 Fmc Corporation Polyphase armor with spoiler plate
US5663520A (en) * 1996-06-04 1997-09-02 O'gara-Hess & Eisenhardt Armoring Co. Vehicle mine protection structure
DE19653283C1 (en) * 1996-12-20 1998-06-25 Mak System Gmbh armored vehicle
DE19913845A1 (en) * 1999-03-26 2000-09-28 Henschel Wehrtechnik Gmbh System for protecting armoured cars and tanks against effects of mines comprises protective shield consisting of steel plate mounted at distance from bottom of the vehicle with mounting containing energy absorbing component
EP1182421A1 (en) * 2000-08-23 2002-02-27 Ruag Land Systems Protective system for a vehicle against the effects of an explosive device
EP1182420A1 (en) * 2000-08-23 2002-02-27 SW Schweizerische Unternehmung für Waffensysteme AG System for protecting a vehicle against the effects of an explosive charge
US6658984B2 (en) * 2001-07-14 2003-12-09 Rheinmetall Landsysteme Gmbh Anti-mine floor for an armored vehicle
US20070028759A1 (en) * 2004-06-15 2007-02-08 Williams Charles A Vehicle armor system
US20080173167A1 (en) * 2006-09-15 2008-07-24 Armor Holdings Vehicular based mine blast energy mitigation structure
US20090293709A1 (en) * 2008-05-27 2009-12-03 Joynt Vernon P Apparatus for defeating high energy projectiles
GB2460903A (en) * 2008-06-20 2009-12-23 Lockheed Corp Armoured vehicle having protective passenger cell
US20100011948A1 (en) * 2004-06-11 2010-01-21 Ricky Don Johnson Armored cab for vehicles
US20100218669A1 (en) * 2005-12-20 2010-09-02 Armor Holdings, Inc. Modular body for use on an armored vehicle
US20100251884A1 (en) * 2005-09-30 2010-10-07 Armor Holdings, Inc. Armored shell kit and associated method of armoring a vehicle
US20100275766A1 (en) * 2009-04-10 2010-11-04 Joynt Vernon P Mine resistant armored vehicle
US20110138994A1 (en) * 2009-04-10 2011-06-16 Force Protection Technologies, Inc. Mine Resistant Armored Vehicle
US20110148147A1 (en) * 2009-12-18 2011-06-23 Tunis George C Vehicle with structural vent channels for blast energy and debris dissipation
US20110168001A1 (en) * 2009-11-30 2011-07-14 General Dynamics Land Systems - Canada Corporation W-shaped hull
US8146477B2 (en) 2010-05-14 2012-04-03 Force Protection Technologies, Inc. System for protecting a vehicle from a mine
US8151685B2 (en) 2006-09-15 2012-04-10 Force Protection Industries, Inc. Apparatus for defeating high energy projectiles
WO2012022320A3 (en) * 2010-06-28 2012-06-07 Krauss-Maffei Wegmann Gmbh & Co. Kg Militrary vehicle housing
US20120193940A1 (en) * 2009-12-18 2012-08-02 Tunis George C Vehicle with structural vent channels for blast energy and debris dissipation
USD776003S1 (en) 2014-11-07 2017-01-10 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Light tactical vehicle hull

Cited By (49)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2459833A (en) * 1945-06-07 1949-01-25 Joseph H Mclain Smoke bomb projector
US2459854A (en) * 1946-04-18 1949-01-25 Jr Willard E Swift Grenade projector
US3351374A (en) * 1963-07-01 1967-11-07 Lockheed Aircraft Corp Armor construction
US5149910A (en) * 1966-03-08 1992-09-22 Fmc Corporation Polyphase armor with spoiler plate
US3722357A (en) * 1967-09-20 1973-03-27 Rheinstahl Ag Armored vehicle
US3478643A (en) * 1968-04-04 1969-11-18 Robert W Forsyth Ballistic shielding apparatus
DE1800848A1 (en) * 1968-10-03 1972-06-15 Blohm Voss Ag Panzergehaeuse
US3699842A (en) * 1969-01-14 1972-10-24 Porsche Kg Profile elements for joining armor plates
FR2459445A1 (en) * 1979-06-18 1981-01-09 Legueu Paul Light vehicle of recognition or patrol
EP0153462A1 (en) * 1984-02-01 1985-09-04 Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung Housing, especially for large apparatuses
US4741244A (en) * 1984-02-09 1988-05-03 The State Of Israel, Ministry Of Defence, Rafael Armament Development Authority Elements for an add-on reactive armour for land vehicles
US4677896A (en) * 1984-12-17 1987-07-07 Litvinoff Jerome S Rescue vehicle
US5663520A (en) * 1996-06-04 1997-09-02 O'gara-Hess & Eisenhardt Armoring Co. Vehicle mine protection structure
DE19653283C1 (en) * 1996-12-20 1998-06-25 Mak System Gmbh armored vehicle
EP0849560A3 (en) * 1996-12-20 1999-05-12 MaK System Gesellschaft mbH Armoured vehicle
DE19913845A1 (en) * 1999-03-26 2000-09-28 Henschel Wehrtechnik Gmbh System for protecting armoured cars and tanks against effects of mines comprises protective shield consisting of steel plate mounted at distance from bottom of the vehicle with mounting containing energy absorbing component
DE19913845C2 (en) * 1999-03-26 2002-06-13 Henschel Wehrtechnik Gmbh Device to ensure the availability of military vehicles
EP1182421A1 (en) * 2000-08-23 2002-02-27 Ruag Land Systems Protective system for a vehicle against the effects of an explosive device
EP1182420A1 (en) * 2000-08-23 2002-02-27 SW Schweizerische Unternehmung für Waffensysteme AG System for protecting a vehicle against the effects of an explosive charge
US6658984B2 (en) * 2001-07-14 2003-12-09 Rheinmetall Landsysteme Gmbh Anti-mine floor for an armored vehicle
US7770506B2 (en) * 2004-06-11 2010-08-10 Bae Systems Tactical Vehicle Systems Lp Armored cab for vehicles
US20100011948A1 (en) * 2004-06-11 2010-01-21 Ricky Don Johnson Armored cab for vehicles
US20070028759A1 (en) * 2004-06-15 2007-02-08 Williams Charles A Vehicle armor system
US7225717B2 (en) 2004-06-15 2007-06-05 Square One Armoring Services Company Vehicle armor system
US20100251884A1 (en) * 2005-09-30 2010-10-07 Armor Holdings, Inc. Armored shell kit and associated method of armoring a vehicle
US7878104B2 (en) * 2005-09-30 2011-02-01 Armor Holdings, Inc. Armored shell kit and associated method of armoring a vehicle
US20100218669A1 (en) * 2005-12-20 2010-09-02 Armor Holdings, Inc. Modular body for use on an armored vehicle
US20100218357A1 (en) * 2005-12-20 2010-09-02 Armor Holdings, Inc. Modular body for use on an armored vehicle
US20080173167A1 (en) * 2006-09-15 2008-07-24 Armor Holdings Vehicular based mine blast energy mitigation structure
US8151685B2 (en) 2006-09-15 2012-04-10 Force Protection Industries, Inc. Apparatus for defeating high energy projectiles
US20090293709A1 (en) * 2008-05-27 2009-12-03 Joynt Vernon P Apparatus for defeating high energy projectiles
GB2460903B (en) * 2008-06-20 2011-09-14 Lockheed Corp Protective passenger cell
GB2460903A (en) * 2008-06-20 2009-12-23 Lockheed Corp Armoured vehicle having protective passenger cell
US8033208B2 (en) * 2009-04-10 2011-10-11 Force Protection Technologies, Inc. Mine resistant armored vehicle
CN102460061A (en) * 2009-04-10 2012-05-16 力量保护技术股份有限公司 Mine resistant armored vehicle
US20110138994A1 (en) * 2009-04-10 2011-06-16 Force Protection Technologies, Inc. Mine Resistant Armored Vehicle
US8146478B2 (en) * 2009-04-10 2012-04-03 Force Protection Technologies, Inc. Mine resistant armored vehicle
US20100275766A1 (en) * 2009-04-10 2010-11-04 Joynt Vernon P Mine resistant armored vehicle
US8499677B2 (en) * 2009-11-30 2013-08-06 General Dynamics Land Systems—Canada Corporation W-shaped hull
US8833230B2 (en) 2009-11-30 2014-09-16 General Dynamics Land Systems—Canada Corporation W-shaped hull
US20110168001A1 (en) * 2009-11-30 2011-07-14 General Dynamics Land Systems - Canada Corporation W-shaped hull
US20120193940A1 (en) * 2009-12-18 2012-08-02 Tunis George C Vehicle with structural vent channels for blast energy and debris dissipation
US20110148147A1 (en) * 2009-12-18 2011-06-23 Tunis George C Vehicle with structural vent channels for blast energy and debris dissipation
US9010232B2 (en) * 2009-12-18 2015-04-21 Hardwire, Llc Vehicle with structural vent channels for blast energy and debris dissipation
US8578834B2 (en) * 2009-12-18 2013-11-12 Hardwire, Llc Vehicle with structural vent channels for blast energy and debris dissipation
US8584572B2 (en) * 2009-12-18 2013-11-19 Hardwire, Llc Vehicle with structural vent channels for blast energy and debris dissipation
US8146477B2 (en) 2010-05-14 2012-04-03 Force Protection Technologies, Inc. System for protecting a vehicle from a mine
WO2012022320A3 (en) * 2010-06-28 2012-06-07 Krauss-Maffei Wegmann Gmbh & Co. Kg Militrary vehicle housing
USD776003S1 (en) 2014-11-07 2017-01-10 The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army Light tactical vehicle hull

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