US2378214A - Expansion means - Google Patents

Expansion means Download PDF

Info

Publication number
US2378214A
US2378214A US446449A US44644942A US2378214A US 2378214 A US2378214 A US 2378214A US 446449 A US446449 A US 446449A US 44644942 A US44644942 A US 44644942A US 2378214 A US2378214 A US 2378214A
Authority
US
United States
Prior art keywords
arms
bend
ends
conduit
casing
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
US446449A
Inventor
Gottwald Christian
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
RIC WIL Co
RIC-WIL Co
Original Assignee
RIC WIL Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Family has litigation
Application filed by RIC WIL Co filed Critical RIC WIL Co
Priority to US446449A priority Critical patent/US2378214A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of US2378214A publication Critical patent/US2378214A/en
First worldwide family litigation filed litigation Critical https://patents.darts-ip.com/?family=23772625&utm_source=google_patent&utm_medium=platform_link&utm_campaign=public_patent_search&patent=US2378214(A) "Global patent litigation dataset” by Darts-ip is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16LPIPES; JOINTS OR FITTINGS FOR PIPES; SUPPORTS FOR PIPES, CABLES OR PROTECTIVE TUBING; MEANS FOR THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16L51/00Expansion-compensation arrangements for pipe-lines
    • F16L51/04Expansion-compensation arrangements for pipe-lines making use of bends, e.g. lyre-shaped

Description

June-12, 1.945. c, e

EXPANSION MEANS Filed June 10, 1942 f winw memd iun 12, 1945 Christian Gottwald, Clevel signor to The El and Heights, Ohio. asc-wil Company, Cleveland,

Ohio. a corporation of Ohio Application June 10, 1942, Serial No. 446,449

6 Claims.

This invention relates to expansion means, particularly adapted to conduit systems which are subjected to variations in temperature.

An object of the invention is to provide an improved expansion means which will effectively,

compensate for expansions and contractions in conduitsor the like.

Another object is to provide an improved exas the conduit illustrated in'the patent to Gottwald, No. 1,991,445, patented February 19, 1935,

I or that of the copending application of Gottwald pansion means which may readily be applied to insulated conduits and may itself beefiectively insulated.

Another object is to provide an improved expansion means which may be easily prefabricated as a unitary structure. I

Another object is to provide an improved expansion means which will be compact and easily handled. 1

Another object is to provide an improved ex pansion means which may be readily and economlcally manufactured.

Another object is to provide an improved expansion means which may be simply installed.

Another object is to provide'an improved expansion means which will occupy relatively little space.

Another object is to provide an improved expension means which will be effectively sealed at all times.

Another object is to provide an improved expansion means which will require no movable Joints, packings or similar relatively movable parts.

Other objects will hereinafter appear.

The invention will be better understood from the description of two practical embodiments thereof, illustrated in the accompanying drawins, in which:

Figure 1 is a perspective view of a finished expansion device embodying the invention, ready for installation;

Figure 2 is a perspective view of some of the component parts of one form of the device such as is shown inFigure 1;

Figure 3 is a plan view showing the assem bled arrangement of a device using the parts of Figure 2; and

- Figure 4 is a plan view of a modified form of the device, showing the parts partially assembled.

The expansion means of this application is illustrated in conjunction with a heat insulated conduit, consisting essentially of an inner fluid conducting tube surrounded with heat insulated ;material, which, in turn, is encased within a me- 1 tribe or like protective shell, such, for instance,

and McLeish, Serial No. 295,390, filed September 18, 1939 which has matured into Patent No. 2,330,966, granted October 5; 1943.

Conduits of this type are usually erected in trenches in the ground, and after, erection, buried, although at times the structures are used above. ground, and even for elevated steam lines and the like'.'

Inasmuch as steam at relatively high temperatures is frequently transmitted, or, in some instances, a conduit of thistype is used for refrigerant materials, and, inasmuch as the exterior is exposed to the temperature changes taking place in the ground or atmosphere, generally outside of any building, it will be apparent that considerable variations in temperature exists, and that expansions and contractions of the conduit often are substantial and frequent.

Movable connections, such as by slip joints and the like, requiring frequent care and packing, seriously increase the maintainance cost and impair the .eilectiveness of these conduit systems.

To eliminate these disadvantages, the expansion means of this application has been devised.

This expansion mean is shown in the drawingas a very narrow U shaped or "hair-pin bend, consisting of two straight parallel closely adjacent arms of fluid conducting tube, one end of each of these sections being connected by a elbow to the main conduit, and the remote ends of the arms being connected together by an elbow or a bend of substantially these parts all conveniently being joined by welding.

Any expansion or contraction taking place in the main conduit moves the ends of the hairpin like loop toward or away from each other, bending the normally straight sides thereof slightly. Due to the fact that these sides may have substantial length, the unit stresses produced are slight and well within permissible limits.

In Figures 1 to 3, the arms of the loop appear at I, the 180 elbow or return bend at 2, the out,

wardly turned elbows at 3, and short pieces of pipe or conduit for connection into the main line at 4.

The parts of the loop are shown as covered with insulation which is preferably separated into two parts 5 and 6, one surrounding each of the straight arm sections and carried by it so while similar insulation 1 and 8 surrounds the bend 2 and elbows 3, respectively,

Both of these arms are enclosed in a flattened generally elliptical casing 9 of corrugated sheet metal, or the like, which will be hereinafter de-, scribed.

In making the loop of the first figures, the loop arms I, elbows 2 and 3, and two short sections 4 of tubing are assembled and united by welding.

Then this assembly is enclosed in its coverings of heat insulating material 5, 6, l and 8. This may be shredded asbestos, molded pipe covering, or the like, and may be encased in a covering of asphalt treated felt l0, roofing paper, or

similar material.

The outer shell 9 is preferably constructed of corrugated metallic tubing of a flattened or generally elliptical shape. It may originally be formed into such shape, or a cylindricalsection of corrugated tubing may be somewhat flattened by means of a press. It helically corrugated tubing is used, the seams must be prevented from slipping during this flattening operation, one effective way being to weld them adjacent the ends of the'section before this operation.

The outer end of the shell is closed as by a plate i I welded to it.

After the shell is formed, it is slid over the arms of the loop and a split cylindrical sleeve of the material, and hence it is believed that a better protective coating is produced after the assembly of the parts rather than before.

This completes the fabrication of the expansion bend, which need only be welded to the ends of the actual conduit sections on installation. In Figure 4, a slightly modified form of protective covering is illustrated in which, instead of the slit sleeve, a sleeve is shown made from a circular section of corrugated metallic pipe.

In this instance, after the casing I98 has been formed, its open end is brought to the corrugated sleeve H2, the sleeve then being cut away to correspond to the end of the casing, and the two welded together. After this operation, the sleeve is split lengthwise into halves "2a and 2b as by the use of a cutting torch, the bend lill of heat insulated tubing inserted within the casing, and the removed portion of the sleeve returned to its initial position and welded back into place.

It Jill be understood that the bend i0! is formed like that above described, consisting of two straight parallel arms i, a return bend 2,

elbows 3 and short tubular pieces 4, and that these parts are incased within heat insulating material such as that indicated at 5, 6, I and 8 in the embodiment previously described.

I 2 is slid over the elbows 3 and short tubular sections 4, the straight arms l of the loop extending through the slit. I

The slit in the sleeve may be only large enough to embrace the arms of the loop and its edges may act as guides to properly locate them. Of

terial, will still assist in supporting the loop arms.

With the parts in the position of Figure 3, the end of the casing is welded to the sleeve, after which the slit at the projecting ends of the sleeve is covered with covers or patches l3 which are welded both to the sleeve and to the casing. 1'

Short corrugated tubular sections l4 are supported centrally of the sleeve by centrally apertured plates l5 which may be welded within the sleeve, these sections corresponding to the easing of the main conduit line to which they may be joined on installation of the system. Welded buttons I2a may be formed in the sleeve to assist in locating the rings I5.

The casing, sleeve, and ends N form a hollow, generally T shaped shell in which the U shaped bend is free to move in the plane of the axes of the main conduit and of its arms.

Ring shaped guides i5 preferably of heat in- It will also be understood that corrugated sleeve 2, if this be of a difierent size from the outer casing of the conduit, will be provided with rings H5 and tubular ends 4 similar to those applied to the sleeve above described, and that these parts may most conveniently be secured to the sleeve before it is split into halves 2a and 2b and will necessarily be reunited at the same time that the halves of the sleeve are welded together. l

lifter these parts have been assembled, they, like those previously described, are coated with water proof material such as molten asphalt'and with an outer covering such as felt, paper, or the like.

Upon installation in a conduit which is to be buried in the ground, it is only necessary to dig a relatively short straight branch trench at the point where the expansion bend is to be installed, this trench being substantially at right angles to the one provided for the reception of the main line.

sulating material are inserted in' the ends of and to wind it with felt before subjecting it to the flattening operation, the distortions which take place during flattening may disldcate some After the bend has been placed in this trench, the later may be filled in and the earth tightly compacted, as the casing prevents any earth from getting between the arms of the bend or otherwise obstructing the relative motion of these arms as may be required to compensate for expansions and contractions.

In a conduit installed above ground, it can conveniently be laid extending horizontally to one side upon whatever supporting structure giuafly be provided for the main line of the con- While I have described the illustrated embodiments of my invention in some particularity, obviously many others will readilyoccur to those skilled in this art, and I do not, therefore, limit myself to the precise details shown and described, but claim as my invention all embodiments, variations, and modifications thereof coming within the scope of the appended claims.

1. An expansion device comprising a U -shape d conduit having elongated substantially straight and parallel arms and out turned ends, the arms asraau being joined by a bend, heat insulating material secured ,to the arms and bend, guide means asbeing joined by a bend, heatinsulating material sociated'zwith said ends, and a T-shape'd casing,

the out-turned ends extending through the cross of the T and the arms being enclosed within the staff thereof.

2. An expansion device comprising a U-shaped conduit having elongated substantially straight and parallel arms and out-turned ends, the arms being joined by a bend, heat insulating material secured to the arms and bend, guide means associated with said ends, and a T-shaped casing, the out-turned ends extending through the cross of the T and the arms being enclosed within the stall thereof, the staff of the T consisting of a tubular corrugated member of elliptical cross section.

3. An expansion device comprising a U-shaped conduit having elongated substantially straight and parallel arms and out-turned ends, the arms being joined by a bend, heat insulating material secured to the arms and bend, guide means associated with said ends, a T-shaped casing, the out-turned'ends extending through the cross of the T and the arms being enclosed within the stall thereof, the stall! of the T consisting of a tubular corrugated member of elliptical cross section, the cross of said T consisting of a slotted cylindrical tubular member, the slot being passed over the arms of the bend, and coverings overlying said slot exteriorly of said elliptical casing member.

4. An expansion device comprising a U-shaped conduit having elongated substantially straight and parallel arms and out-turned ends, the arms secured to the arms and bend, guide means-associated with said ends, and a T-shaped casing,

the out-turned ends extending through the cross of the T and the arms being enclosed within the stat! thereof, the staff of the T consisting 01' a tubular corrugated member of elliptical crou section, the cross member of said T consistingpi two semi-cylindrical halves sealed together, one of said halves being sealed to the end of said elliptical member.

5. An expansion device comprising a U-shaped conduit having elongated substantially straight and parallel arms joined by a return elbow, the arms having out-turned ends, a T-shaped casing, the ends of the bend extending through the cross of the T and the arms being enclosed within the stall thereof, guide means positioning said ends with respect to said casing, and heat insulating material within the casing surrounding the arms and bend.

6. An expansion device comprisinga U-shaped conduit having elongated substantially straight and parallel arms joined by a return elbow, the arms having out turned ends, a T-shaped casing, the ends of the bend extending through the cross of the T and the arms being enclosed within the stall thereof, guide means associated with the out-turned ends and fixed in relation to the ends 01 the cross of the T whereby the arms may move laterally with respect to the casing, while the out-turned ends are maintained axially in alignment relative the casing.

US446449A 1942-06-10 1942-06-10 Expansion means Expired - Lifetime US2378214A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US446449A US2378214A (en) 1942-06-10 1942-06-10 Expansion means

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US446449A US2378214A (en) 1942-06-10 1942-06-10 Expansion means

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
US2378214A true US2378214A (en) 1945-06-12

Family

ID=23772625

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
US446449A Expired - Lifetime US2378214A (en) 1942-06-10 1942-06-10 Expansion means

Country Status (1)

Country Link
US (1) US2378214A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2658527A (en) * 1943-11-22 1953-11-10 Edward W Kaiser Conduit system
DE1180583B (en) * 1958-11-05 1964-10-29 Commissariat Energie Atomique In a chamber having a releasable cover arranged uninsulated pipe bend expansion joint
US5542264A (en) * 1993-12-06 1996-08-06 Whirlpool Corporation Water reservoir for a refrigerator

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2658527A (en) * 1943-11-22 1953-11-10 Edward W Kaiser Conduit system
DE1180583B (en) * 1958-11-05 1964-10-29 Commissariat Energie Atomique In a chamber having a releasable cover arranged uninsulated pipe bend expansion joint
US5542264A (en) * 1993-12-06 1996-08-06 Whirlpool Corporation Water reservoir for a refrigerator

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US3244388A (en) Insulated pipe hanger construction
US3473575A (en) Thermally insulated pipe
US2930407A (en) Insulated piping
US3402731A (en) Piping systems
US4016356A (en) Heat recoverable article
US3361870A (en) Electric power transmission system including three phase conductors each disposed ina separate return conductor
US3207220A (en) Electric well heater
US5347767A (en) Fire retardant sleeve
KR930000658B1 (en) Corrugated heat pipe
EP0206825A2 (en) Dual conduit
US3068026A (en) Cryogenic fluid transfer line coupling
US2914090A (en) Insulated supporting spacer rings for conduits
RU2037725C1 (en) Device for electric heating of pipelines conveying viscous fluids through deep-water obstacles
US3754118A (en) Flexible immersion heater
EP0015150B1 (en) Pipelines heated by skin-effect current
US2100796A (en) Pipe coupler
US20070084623A1 (en) Direct current superconducting power transmission cable and system
US4205105A (en) Pipe insulation
EP0350485B1 (en) A heating and insulation arrangement for a network of installed pipes and method
US3783178A (en) Expansion joint for connecting rigid conduit with grounding continuity
US4084842A (en) Conduit system with expansion coupling
JPH01295613A (en) Protective insulating assembly for conduit connection part
EP0070065B1 (en) Pipe coupler for insulated pipes and method for fitting same
US4152577A (en) Method of improving heat transfer for electric pipe heaters
US4396211A (en) Insulating tubular conduit apparatus and method