US2374195A - Valve - Google Patents

Valve Download PDF

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US2374195A
US2374195A US2374195DA US2374195A US 2374195 A US2374195 A US 2374195A US 2374195D A US2374195D A US 2374195DA US 2374195 A US2374195 A US 2374195A
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valve
bore
sleeve
tight engagement
pressure
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K1/00Lift valves or globe valves, i.e. cut-off apparatus with closure members having at least a component of their opening and closing motion perpendicular to the closing faces
    • F16K1/32Details
    • F16K1/34Cutting-off parts, e.g. valve members, seats

Description

P 1945- s. GUARNASCHELLI 2,374,195
VALVE Filed Dec. 18, 1942 a 4 Z3- J2 INVENTOR fie Men Guarnaa'e/(Tz' ATTORN EY Patented Apr. 24, 1945 VALVE Stephen Guarnaschelli. Mount Vernon, N. Y., as-
signor to Packless Metal Products Corporation. New Rochelle, N. Y., a corporation of New York Application December 18. 1942, Serial No. 469.426
10 Claims.
This invention relates to a valve of novel construction and its object is to utilize the principle disclosed in Patent No. 2.301,038 issued November 3, 1942. reissued May 11. 1943, as Re. 22,309, to prevent leakage therein. More specifically its object is to provide a multiple seal in a valve to reduce leakage to a minimum. A further object is to provide a valve which requires no packing.
These and other objects of the invention will appear in the following specification in which valves of different types will be shown and described and the novel features of the invention will be set forth in the claims.
Referring to the drawing:
Figure 1 is a sectional elevation of a valve which is made according to and embodies my invention:
Fig. 2 is a similar view of another type of valve which also embodies the invention.
In Fig. 1 l designates the body of the valve. This is constructed to form two internal rigid cy lindrical surfaces ll and I2 of different diameters and disposed one above the other. I3 is an intake passage leading into the chamber within the cylinder H which is closed at the bottom as shown at l4. I5 is an outlet passage above the intake port leading from the same chamber. The body is constructed to form a shoulder l6 between the cylindrical surfaces H and I2 and a transverse seat H at its upper end.
is a cap ailixed to the upper end of the body H] as by being screwed thereon, as shown at 2|. This cap forms a chamber 22. Its upper end has an internally threaded bore 23.
30 is a movable member, the lower end of which is open to form a thin cyilndricalwall or sleeve 3| which is slightly larger than the diameter of the surface H. When the valve is closed this wall closes the outlet passage 15. 32 is an annular flange in the chamber 22 from which depends another thin cylindrical wall or sleeve 33 which is slightly larger than the diameter of the surface l2. The sleeves 3| and 33 are sprung or forced into seating relation to the surfaces l l and I2 but are longitudinally movable over these surfaces. The pressure of fluid within the valve forces the thin wall 3| into sealing engagement with the surface II If any fluid under pressure escapes into the space between the surface I 2 and the adjacent part of member 30, it will force the sleeve 33 into sealing engagement with the surface l2. This pressure scaling is important, especially as it keeps the valve leak-tight even after considerable wear on its parts. Fm'thermore, the lower surface of flange 32 on the seat I! forms another seal when the valve is closed.
The lower end of the sleeves are also expanded when the valve is closed by collars). 41 which have curved Or conical surfaces arranged to enter the ends of the sleeves 3|, 33 respectively. These collars are held in position and pressed upwardly by springs 42, 43 seated on the end M of member I0 and on the shoulder IS,
The foregoing description relates to the valve when closed. The upper part of the member 30 forms an externally threaded post 35 which extends upwardly through the cap 20 and engages the threads 23 therein. 36 is a handle by means of which the member 30 is rotated and thus moved horizontalily to open and close the port IS.
The same sealing principle is shown in Fig. 2 in which the connection between the intake passage 13A and the outlet passage ISA is controlled by transverse ports l8 in the sleeve 31A which are brought into or out of alinement with the inlet and outlet passa es by a partial rotation of the member 30A. The cylindrical surfaces HA and I 2A are similar to the surfaces H and I2. The other parts of the valve shown in Fig. 2 are similar to those shown in Fig. 1 except that the openings through the top of the cap 20A and the post 35A are unthreaded and an auxiliary passage I9 is provided in the body IOA to admit fluid under pressure from the intake passage l3A into the inside of the sleeve 3IA when the ports l8 are out of alinement with the inlet and outlet passages. The intake may enter the cylinder 1 l A directly in which case but one port 18 will be required and no auxiliary pressure passage needed.
It will be understood that the invention is capable of modifications and that changes in'the construction and in the arrangement of the various cooperating parts may be made within the spirit and scope and I intend no limitations other than those expressed in the following claims.
What I claim is:
1. A valve comprising a thick walled rigid body having a cylindrical bore therein, intake and outlet passages leading to said bore, and a solid member having a thin walled circumferentially continuous resilient sleeve extending therefrom into tight engagement with said bore and movable therein to control communication between said passages, whereby any pressure of fluid in the bore will be exerted on the inside of the sleeve to maintain said tight engagement.
2. A valve comprising a thick walled rigid body having a cylindrical bore therein, intake and outlet passages leading to said bore, and a solid member having a thin walled circumferentially continuous resilient sleeve extending therefrom ablelongitudinally therein to control communication between said passages, whereby any pressure of fluid in the bore will be exerted on the inside of the sleeve to maintain said tight engagement.
3. A valve comprising a thick walled rigid body having a cylindrical bore therein, intake and outlet passages leading to said bore, and a solid member having a thin walled circumferentially continuous resilient sleeve extending therefrom into tight engagement with said bore and rotatable therein, an opening in the sleeve arranged to control communication between said passages, whereby any pressure of fluid in the bore will be exerted on the inside of the sleeve to maintain said tight engagement.
4. A valve comprising a thick walled rigid body having a cylindrical bore therein, intake and outlet passages leading to said bore, and a solid member having a thin walled circumferentially continuous resilient sleeve extending therefrom into tight engagement with said bore and movable therein to control communication between said passages, the outside diameter of said sleeve slightly exceeding the inside diameter of said bore, whereby any pressure of fluid in the bore will be exerted on the inside of the sleeve to maintain said tight engagement.
5. A valve comprising a thick walled rigid body having a plurality of cylindrical bores therein of different diameters, intake and outlet passages leading to one of said bores and a solid movable member having a plurality of thin walled circumferent'ially continuous resilient sleeves extending therefrom into tight engagement with said bores, one of said sleeves being arranged to control communication between said passages, whereby any pressure of fluid in the bores will be exerted on the inside of the sleeves to maintain said tight engagement.
6. A valve comprising a thick walled rigid body having a plurality of cylindrical bores therein of .into tight engagement with said bore and mov- 7. A valve comprising a thick walled rigid body having a plurality of cylindrical bores therein of different diameters and a hat surface normal to the axis of the bores, intake and outlet passages leading to said bore and a movable member hav ing a plurality of thin walled circumferenti ally continuous resilient sleeves extending therefrom into tight engagement with said bores, one of said sleeves being arranged to control communication between said passages, whereby any pressure of fluid in the bores will be exerted on the inside of the sleeve to maintain said "ght engagement, said movable member having a flange adapted to seat on said fiat surface.
8. A valve comprising a thick walled rigid body having a cylindrical bore therein, intake and outlet passages leading to said bore, and a solid member having a thin walled eircumferentially continuous resilient sleeve extending therefrom into tight engagement with said bore and movable therein to control communication between said passages, whereby any pressure of fluid in the bore will be exerted on the inside of the sleeves to maintain said tight engagement, and mechanical means for exerting an expanding pressure on the end of the sleeve.
9. A valve comprising a thick walled rigid body having a cylindrical bore therein, intake and outlet passages leading tosaid bore, a solid member therein having a thin walled circumferentially continuous resilient sleeve extending, therefrom into tight engagement with said bore and movable therein to control communication between said passages, the outside diameter of said sleeve slightly exceeding the inside diameter of said bore, whereby any pressure of fluid in the bore will be exerted on'the inside of the sleeve to maintain said tight engagement, and mechanical means for exerting an expanding pressure on the end of the sleeve.
10. A valve comprising a thick walled rigid body having a plurality of cylindrical bores therein of different diameters, intake and outlet passages leading to one of said bores, a solid movable member having a plurality of thin walled cir- 'bumferentially continuous resilient sleeves extending therefrom into tight engagement with said bores, one of said sleeves being arranged to control communication between said passages, whereby any pressure of fluid in the bores will be exerted on the inside of the sleeves to maintain said tight engagement, and resiliently actuated means for exerting an expanding pressure on the end of the sleeves.
STEPHEN GUARNASCHELLI.
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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2970804A (en) * 1957-04-30 1961-02-07 Charles Elliott Tapscott Cridl Taps, cocks and the like
US2991972A (en) * 1957-08-29 1961-07-11 Charles Elliott Tapscott Cridl Cocks, taps, valves and the like
US3167252A (en) * 1961-05-08 1965-01-26 White Rodgers Company Thermostatically controlled motorized hot water valve sealed by fluid pressure
US3206162A (en) * 1962-12-28 1965-09-14 Combustion Eng Double gate valve
US3428293A (en) * 1966-01-14 1969-02-18 Thiokol Chemical Corp High pressure valve with cooperating bevelled sealing faces

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2970804A (en) * 1957-04-30 1961-02-07 Charles Elliott Tapscott Cridl Taps, cocks and the like
US2991972A (en) * 1957-08-29 1961-07-11 Charles Elliott Tapscott Cridl Cocks, taps, valves and the like
US3167252A (en) * 1961-05-08 1965-01-26 White Rodgers Company Thermostatically controlled motorized hot water valve sealed by fluid pressure
US3206162A (en) * 1962-12-28 1965-09-14 Combustion Eng Double gate valve
US3428293A (en) * 1966-01-14 1969-02-18 Thiokol Chemical Corp High pressure valve with cooperating bevelled sealing faces

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