US2367545A - Fuel pump - Google Patents

Fuel pump Download PDF

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Publication number
US2367545A
US2367545A US516861A US51686144A US2367545A US 2367545 A US2367545 A US 2367545A US 516861 A US516861 A US 516861A US 51686144 A US51686144 A US 51686144A US 2367545 A US2367545 A US 2367545A
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United States
Prior art keywords
fuel
pressure
spring
pump
chamber
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Expired - Lifetime
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US516861A
Inventor
Stanley M Udale
Original Assignee
George M Holley
Earl Holley
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Publication date
Application filed by George M Holley, Earl Holley filed Critical George M Holley
Priority to US516861A priority Critical patent/US2367545A/en
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Publication of US2367545A publication Critical patent/US2367545A/en
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Application status is Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M59/00Pumps specially adapted for fuel-injection and not provided for in groups F02M39/00 -F02M57/00, e.g. rotary cylinder-block type of pumps
    • F02M59/12Pumps specially adapted for fuel-injection and not provided for in groups F02M39/00 -F02M57/00, e.g. rotary cylinder-block type of pumps having other positive-displacement pumping elements, e.g. rotary
    • F02M59/14Pumps specially adapted for fuel-injection and not provided for in groups F02M39/00 -F02M57/00, e.g. rotary cylinder-block type of pumps having other positive-displacement pumping elements, e.g. rotary of elastic-wall type
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F04POSITIVE - DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS FOR LIQUIDS OR ELASTIC FLUIDS
    • F04BPOSITIVE DISPLACEMENT MACHINES FOR LIQUIDS; PUMPS
    • F04B43/00Machines, pumps, or pumping installations having flexible working members
    • F04B43/02Machines, pumps, or pumping installations having flexible working members having plate-like flexible members, e.g. diaphragms
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M2700/00Supplying, feeding or preparing air, fuel, fuel air mixtures or auxiliary fluids for a combustion engine; Use of exhaust gas; Compressors for piston engines
    • F02M2700/13Special devices for making an explosive mixture; Fuel pumps
    • F02M2700/1317Fuel pumpo for internal combustion engines
    • F02M2700/1323Controlled diaphragm type fuel pump

Description

5. M. UDALE Jan. 16, 1945.

FUEL PUMP Filed Jan 3, 1944 INVENT OR.

Patented Jan. 16, 1945 FUEL PUMP Stanley M. Udale, Detroit, Mich., assignor to George M. Holley and Earl Holley Application January 3, 1944, Serial No. 516,861

2 Claims.

The object of this invention is to devise an improved fuel pump for automotive purposes, specifically, to improve the regulation of the ordinary diaphragm pump in common use. These pumps develop their maximum pressure at the lowest engine speeds, that is, at the idling speeds when two pounds per square inch is usually generated. At maximum engine speed this pressure falls to below one pound per square inch. The level in the float chamber thus falls at maximum engine speed. When idling, after running at maximum speed and load, the level is low enough to cause irregular running.

Fig. 1 shows the general arrangement of my invention.

Fig. 2 shows a partial cross-sectional view of the novel operating means.

In Fig. 1, an eccentric 10 mounted on a camshaft ll engages with a lever i2 which in its turn engages with a rod I3 which is connected to a diaphragm M. The diaphragm l4 constitutes the lower wall of the chamber 55. Chamber I5 is provided with a fuel entrance H5 and a fuel exit H. There is a check valve in the fuel entrance l6 and a check valve in the fuel exit H so that fuel enters at It and issues at H in a well known manner. The spring 18 causes the element 83 to engage with the lever l2.

So far, the elements are old and well known in the pump art. The novel feature consists of the element [9 which is integral with camshaft H and which is machined as a rectangular projection from the camshaft. A circular hole 20 is drilled in this projection 19. A compression spring 2| is arranged between the element i9 and the eccentric it) so that by means of the expansion of the spring 2i the eccentric i is thrown into its eccentric operating position when start-" ing and until a pressure has been built up cam It! acts as though it were integral with camshaft ll. When the pump pressure in the chamber i exceeds. a certain figure, approximately two pounds per square inch, the spring 21 yields and the eccentric assumes the position shown in the broken lines in Fig. 2. In this position there is no eccentricity so that the eccentric cam 10 ceases to function as it becomes concentric with shaft H. Thereupon the lever 12 ceases to pump. As the engine takes fuel, the pressure in chamber 15 falls, the lever l2 rotates clockwise, the spring 2| reasserts itself and the eccentric it] moves back to its operating position and pumping is resumed.

Thus a substantially constant fuel pressure is maintained. The camshaft ll revolves at from 200. R. P. M. to 2,000 R. P. M. Hence the spring 2! has insuiiicient time during the short interval that the camshaft ll is in the position shown in Fig. 1 to move the cam 10 more than a few thousandths of an inch during one revolution. For this reason the eccentricity varies gradually in response to the work done.

In the operation of the ordinary diaphragm pump, the characteristic defect is that when it is set to deliver a given pressure at low engine speed the pressure delivered in the float chamber decreases with speedand, of course, the level in a float chamber varies with the pressure on the float needle. For this reason the level in the float chamber decreases as the speed of the engine increases, especially at wide open throttle when large quantities of fuel are being removed from the float chamber. When the throttle is closed after running at high speed with wide open throttle, the level is at the lowest level it ever reaches and, of course, the engine idles poorly and in fact, the engine sometimes stalls.

In the operation of this invention, the centrifugal force tends to assist the spring and increases the pressure developed by the pump so that the tendency of high speeds to create a low fuel pressure at the entrance to the float needle in the float chamber is reduced by the centrifugal effect which tends to increase the eccentricity of the cam so as to partially maintain constant pressure at the float needle during high speed operation.

What I claim is:

1. A reciprocating fuel pump comprising a fuel chamber, a moving wall therefrom, a spring adapted to move said wall so as to enlarge said chamber, a rotating cam shaft having a hollow rectangular portion integral therewith and symmetrically located thereon, a loose cam mounted thereon and having a rectangular opening adapted to engage with and to be slidably mounted on the rectangular portion of said cam shaft, a second spring located in said hollow rec tangular portion and adapted to engage with both the cam and the cam shaft so as to give the cam a variable lift, an oscillating lever, one end of which is adapted to engage with said moving wall so as

US516861A 1944-01-03 1944-01-03 Fuel pump Expired - Lifetime US2367545A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US516861A US2367545A (en) 1944-01-03 1944-01-03 Fuel pump

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US516861A US2367545A (en) 1944-01-03 1944-01-03 Fuel pump

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US2367545A true US2367545A (en) 1945-01-16

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US516861A Expired - Lifetime US2367545A (en) 1944-01-03 1944-01-03 Fuel pump

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2604854A (en) * 1948-05-24 1952-07-29 Walter W Taylor Liquid pump
US2633864A (en) * 1948-04-05 1953-04-07 Honeywell Regulator Co Furnace fuel control
US2836119A (en) * 1954-10-29 1958-05-27 Kugler Keith Pumps
US3070029A (en) * 1959-10-21 1962-12-25 Peters & Russell Inc Pump diaphragm
US3496872A (en) * 1968-05-31 1970-02-24 Trico Products Corp Rotary motor driven pump
US3510232A (en) * 1968-01-08 1970-05-05 Richard J Reeve Positive displacement pump

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2633864A (en) * 1948-04-05 1953-04-07 Honeywell Regulator Co Furnace fuel control
US2604854A (en) * 1948-05-24 1952-07-29 Walter W Taylor Liquid pump
US2836119A (en) * 1954-10-29 1958-05-27 Kugler Keith Pumps
US3070029A (en) * 1959-10-21 1962-12-25 Peters & Russell Inc Pump diaphragm
US3510232A (en) * 1968-01-08 1970-05-05 Richard J Reeve Positive displacement pump
US3496872A (en) * 1968-05-31 1970-02-24 Trico Products Corp Rotary motor driven pump

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