US2367458A - Drill bit - Google Patents

Drill bit Download PDF

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Publication number
US2367458A
US2367458A US49444243A US2367458A US 2367458 A US2367458 A US 2367458A US 49444243 A US49444243 A US 49444243A US 2367458 A US2367458 A US 2367458A
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Patent type
Prior art keywords
shank
bit
extremity
ribs
drill
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
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Inventor
Coplen George
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Coplen George
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B17/00Drilling rods or pipes; Flexible drill strings; Kellies; Drill collars; Sucker rods ; Cables; Casings; Tubings
    • E21B17/02Couplings; joints
    • E21B17/04Couplings; joints between rod or the like and bit or between rod and rod or the like
    • E21B17/046Couplings; joints between rod or the like and bit or between rod and rod or the like with ribs, pins or jaws, and complementary grooves or the like, e.g. bayonet catches
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T403/00Joints and connections
    • Y10T403/70Interfitted members
    • Y10T403/7005Lugged member, rotary engagement
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T403/00Joints and connections
    • Y10T403/70Interfitted members
    • Y10T403/7009Rotary binding cam or wedge

Description

Jan. 16. 1945.

G. COF'LEN 2,367,458

DRILL BIT (DETACHABLE) Filed July 10, 1943 v INVENTOR. 7 3y GEORGE COPLEN ATTORNEY Patented Jan. 16, 1945 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 4 Claims.

This invention relate to a detachable rock drill bit. Detachable drill bits are well known in the art, and are on the market with the bit threaded onto the drill shank. The thread acts in the same direction that the drill rotates, and the combination of rotation with vibration seats the threads so tightly that it is impossible to remove the bits without elaborate equipment.

The principal object of this invention is to provide a detachable rock drill bit which can always be easily removed from the shank regardless of the length of time in use, and to provide a detachable bit which cannot become accidentally detached from the shank or lost in the drill hole.

A further object is to provide a bit of this character in which all of the impact of drilling is absorbed between the end of the shank and the bit and not by the attachment means so that the latter will not be damaged by the action of the hammer.

. Other objects and advantages reside in the detail construction of the invention, which is designed for simplicity, economy, and efficiency. These will become more apparent from the following description.

In the following detailed description of the invention reference is had to the accompanying drawing which forms a part hereof. Like numerals refer to like parts in all views of the-drawing and throughout the description.

In the drawing Fig. l is a side view of the extremity of a typical drill shank with the improved detachable bit in place thereon, ready for use;

Fig. 2 is a similar view illustrating the position of the bit when the shank is being withdrawn from the drill hole;

Figs. 3 and 4 are side views of the shank extremity, taken at right angles to each other;

Fig. 5 is a longitudinal section through the drill bit;

Fig. 6 is an end view of the shank; and

Figs. 7 and 8 are cross sections through the drill bit taken on the lines 'l'l and 8-8, Fig. 5, respectively.

In the drawing a typical rock bit shank is indicated at ID with the usual water hole at II. The improved detachable drill bit is designated in its entirety by the numeral I2, and may have any of the standard outer contours of the typical bit.

In the specification and claims the words left and right designate directions of the upper portions of the elements when viewed from the drillers position.

The shank I0 is provided with a reduced extremity preferably, but not necessarily, slightly tapered. The rear portion of the reduced extremity I3 is rounded outwardly, terminating in an enlarged shoulder portion M. The reduced portion I3 is provided with two ridges of unusual design. Each ridge consists of an inclined ridge portion i5 extending from the shoulder 14, forwardly to a point spaced from the forward extremity of the portion l3. A circumferential ridge it extends from the forward extremity of the ridge 15, to the left, partially around the portion l3 for approximately A hook-shaped ridge [1 thence extends from the extremity of the ridge l 6 rearwardly parallel to the ridge l5 for approximately /2 the length of the latter, thence turns circumferentially to the right, as indicated at l 3. The rib I5 is, at a point in alignment with the rib l8, widened to form a shoulder 19. The above described rib structure is repeated on the opposite side of the reduced portion 13.

The extremity of the portion l3 beyond the rib It is eccentrically formed in opposite directions to form two ratchet faces 20, on opposite sides, in alignment with the juncture of the ribs [6 and H. The ratchet faces are so faced that they will engage when the shank is rotated to the left.

The interior of the bit I2 is conformed to engage the above described structure on the extremity of the shank, that is, it is provided with a socket 2| conforming to the contour of the reduced extremity l3. The bottom of the socket indicated at 22 is at a depth which will allow the extremity of the shank portion l3 torest thereagainst, "and adjacent this bottom two inclined dogs 23 are formed on opposite sides. These dogs project into the socket 2| a distance corresponding to the depth of the faces 20, so that when the portion i3 is fully inserted it can rotate to the right within the socket 2|. The socket 2! is also provided with two inclined lugs 24, on opposite sides, which enter between the ribs I5 and I! of the shank extremity.

To insert the shank in the bit, the extremity I3 is placed into the socket 2| and rotated to the left. This causes the two lugs 24 to travel rearwardly between the ribs I5 and I! until they pass the rearward extremity of the rib l1. This releases the lugs 24 and allows the shank to be rotated to the left until the ratchet faces 20 engage the dogs 23. At this time, the lugs 24 are resting on the shoulders 19, which prevent withdrawal of the shank. During the drilling, the shank I4 rotates to the left so that the ratchet faces 20 and dogs 23 and the lugs 24 and the shoulders l9 are constantly engaged and vibration is prevented.

When it is desired to withdraw the bit, it is pulled upon and rotated to the right. The first movement to the right releases the lugs 24 from the shoulders I9 and allows them to enter the pocket 25 surrounded by the ribs l6, l1, and I8. Further rotation to the right wedges the lugs into the incline between the ribs 16 and I1 and locks the bit in place. The shank at this time, is in the position illustrated in Fig. 2 with the bit firmly locked thereon for withdrawal.

Should it be desired to remove the bit from the shank, the bit is simply rotated to the right. This releases the lugs 24 from the pockets 25 through the opening of the pocket between the shoulder l9 and the rib l8. The bit is then pushed inwardly and rotated to the left. This causes the lugs 24 to slide along the inclined ribs 15 and follow them to their extremities with the lugs exiting in the groove between the ribs l5 and Il.

It will therefore be noted that if theshank is rotated to the left it is solidly lockedthereon, and the shank extremity is bottomed against the bottom 22v of the bit. This is the drilling position. If the shank is pulled upon and rotated to the right, the bit will be released: from its drilling position, but will be firmly locked onthe shank, and if the shank isrotated to the right without being pulled uponand the bit is held, the shank will simply release itself completely from the bit.

Should the operator accidentally rotate the shank to the right without exerting any pull thereon, he will cause the inclined ribs I5 to engage the lugs 24 and release the shank from the bit. Should this occur, the shank can be immediately reinserted by rotating it to th left, thence the shank can be pulled upon and rotated to the right, which will hook the lugs in the pocket 25, for withdrawal.

The bit can be, of course, provided'with either a central water hole 26 or with side-wall water holes as indicated at 21, as desired:

While a specific form of the improvements has been described and illustrated herein, it is desired to be understood that the same; may be varied, within the scope of the appendedclaims, without departing from the spirit of the invention.

Having thus described the invention, what. is claimed and desired secured by LettersPatent is:

1. Means for attaching a rock drill bit to a drill shank comprising: a reduced extremity on said shank; inclined ribs formed on opposite sides of said reduced extremity; a circumferentially extending shoulder formed on one side of each rib; a socketin said bit conforming. in shape to the reduced extremity; lugs on the. opposite sides of the socket positioned so that when the shank is rotated in one direction they will follow down the inclined sides of the ribs and when rotatedin the other direction, will follow. upwardly along the shouldered sides of the ribs to' engage the shoulder thereon to prevent withdrawal of the shank; ratchet-like projections onthe extremity of said shank; and ratchet teeth in the bottom of said socket for engaging said projections to prevent rotation of the shank in one direction in the socket.

2. Means for attaching a rock drill bit to a drill shank comprising: a reduced extremity on said shank; inclined ribs formed on opposite sides of said reduced extremity; a circumferentially extending shoulder formed on one side of each rib; a socket in said bit conforming in shape to the reduced extremity; and lugs on the opposite sides of the socket positioned so that when the shank is rotated in one direction they will follow down the inclined sides of the ribs and when rotated in the other direction, will follow upwardly along the shouldered sides of the ribs to engage the shoulder thereon to prevent withdrawal of the shank; ratchet-like projections on the extremity of said shank; and ratchet teeth in the bottom of said socket for engaging said projections to. prevent rotation of the shank in one direction in the socket, said teeth being relatively narrowv so that rotation is prevented only when the shank is fully inserted in the socket.

3. Means for attaching a rock drillbit to a drill shank comprising: a reduced extremity on said shank; inclined ribs formed on opposite sides of said reduced extremity; a circumferentially extending shoulder formed on one side of each rib; a socket in said bit. conformingin shape to the reduced extremity; andlugs on the opposite sides of the socket positioned. so that whenlthe shank is rotated in one direction they will follow down the inclined, sides of the ribs and when rotated in the other direction, will follow upwardly along the shouldered sides of the ribs to engage the shoulder thereon to prevent withdrawal of the shank, said inclined ribsterminating in spaced relation to the extremity of the reduced portion; and a circumferential rib extending to the left fromv thev extremity of each inclined rib to act as a hook to engage said: lugs to prevent withdrawal of the shank.

4. Means for attaching a rock drill bit to a drill shank comprising: a reduced extremity on said shank; inclined ribs formed on opposite sides of said reduced extremity; a circnmferentially extending shoulder formed on one side of each rib; a socket in: said bit conforming in shape to the reduced extremity; lugs onthe opposite sides of the socket positioned so that when the shankis rotated in one direction they will follow down the inclined sides of the ribs and when rotated in the other direction, willfollow upwardly along the shouldered sides of the ribs to engage the shoulder thereon to prevent withdrawal of the shank, said inclined ribs terminating in spaced relation to the extremity of the reduced portion; a circumferential rib extending tothe left from the extremity of each inclined rib; and a hookshaped rib extending rearwardly from the extremity of the circumferential rib to form a hook to engage said lugs to prevent withdrawal of the shank.

GEORGE COPLEN.

US2367458A 1943-07-10 1943-07-10 Drill bit Expired - Lifetime US2367458A (en)

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2951108A (en) * 1956-04-23 1960-08-30 Int Electronic Res Corp Tube shield and base assembly
US3322443A (en) * 1964-04-17 1967-05-30 Brown Oil Tools Quick coupling device for tubular bodies
DE2440082A1 (en) * 1974-08-19 1976-04-01 Reinholdt As H Impact drilling equipment - has bit shank recess accommodating tool holder protrusion joined onto open-ended guide surface
US4174758A (en) * 1978-01-04 1979-11-20 Institut Gornogo Dela Sibirskogo Otdelenia Akademii Nauk Sssr Percussive action pneumatic device for drilling holes in soil
US4494555A (en) * 1982-04-08 1985-01-22 L'oreal Disconnectible apparatus comprising a double bayonet coupling
US4512692A (en) * 1981-07-24 1985-04-23 Durofac-Kartro A/S Tool shaft for a tool of the percussive and rotative type
US4566723A (en) * 1982-07-16 1986-01-28 Alfred Karcher Gmbh & Co. Coupler for hose lines of high-pressure cleaning and spraying equipment
US4640639A (en) * 1984-02-13 1987-02-03 Kitagawa Industries Co., Ltd. Printed circuit board holding appliance
US4915341A (en) * 1987-10-08 1990-04-10 Kitagawa Industries Co., Ltd. Fixation device for an electronic display
US5935170A (en) * 1994-12-02 1999-08-10 P & B Research Ab Disconnection device for implant coupling at hearing aids
US6042297A (en) * 1997-02-04 2000-03-28 Samjong International Locking device for tent poles
US20020136086A1 (en) * 2001-03-23 2002-09-26 Sergi Gili Handheld or immersion blender with coupling device
US20030026669A1 (en) * 2001-07-06 2003-02-06 Marco Lang Chisel
USRE40297E1 (en) 1996-09-13 2008-05-06 Seco Tools Ab Two-piece rotary metal-cutting tool and method for interconnecting the pieces

Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2951108A (en) * 1956-04-23 1960-08-30 Int Electronic Res Corp Tube shield and base assembly
US3322443A (en) * 1964-04-17 1967-05-30 Brown Oil Tools Quick coupling device for tubular bodies
DE2440082A1 (en) * 1974-08-19 1976-04-01 Reinholdt As H Impact drilling equipment - has bit shank recess accommodating tool holder protrusion joined onto open-ended guide surface
US4174758A (en) * 1978-01-04 1979-11-20 Institut Gornogo Dela Sibirskogo Otdelenia Akademii Nauk Sssr Percussive action pneumatic device for drilling holes in soil
US4512692A (en) * 1981-07-24 1985-04-23 Durofac-Kartro A/S Tool shaft for a tool of the percussive and rotative type
US4494555A (en) * 1982-04-08 1985-01-22 L'oreal Disconnectible apparatus comprising a double bayonet coupling
US4566723A (en) * 1982-07-16 1986-01-28 Alfred Karcher Gmbh & Co. Coupler for hose lines of high-pressure cleaning and spraying equipment
US4640639A (en) * 1984-02-13 1987-02-03 Kitagawa Industries Co., Ltd. Printed circuit board holding appliance
US4915341A (en) * 1987-10-08 1990-04-10 Kitagawa Industries Co., Ltd. Fixation device for an electronic display
US5935170A (en) * 1994-12-02 1999-08-10 P & B Research Ab Disconnection device for implant coupling at hearing aids
USRE40297E1 (en) 1996-09-13 2008-05-06 Seco Tools Ab Two-piece rotary metal-cutting tool and method for interconnecting the pieces
US6042297A (en) * 1997-02-04 2000-03-28 Samjong International Locking device for tent poles
US20020136086A1 (en) * 2001-03-23 2002-09-26 Sergi Gili Handheld or immersion blender with coupling device
US6789933B2 (en) * 2001-03-23 2004-09-14 Braun Gmbh Handheld or immersion blender with coupling device
US20030026669A1 (en) * 2001-07-06 2003-02-06 Marco Lang Chisel
US8215415B2 (en) * 2001-07-06 2012-07-10 Hawera Probst Gmbh Chisel

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